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Manint Usawachintachit, David T Tzou, Weiguo Hu, Jianxing Li, Thomas Chi
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with successful ultrasound guidance for each surgical step of ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing PCNL between March 2015 and June 2016 were prospectively enrolled. An attempt was made to utilize ultrasound guidance in renal access, tract dilation, and nephrostomy tube placement for each patient. For steps during which ultrasound guidance was unsuccessful, fluoroscopic screening was applied...
October 5, 2016: Urology
Sarwar Noori Mahmood, Hewa Mahmood Toffeq
Background: Percutaneous nephrostolithotomy is an important approach for removing kidney stones. Puncturing and dilatation are two mandatory steps in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Uncommonly, during dilatation, the dilators can cause direct injury to the main renal vein or to their tributaries. Case Presentation: A 75-year-old female underwent PCNL for partial staghorn stone in the left kidney. During puncturing and dilatation, renal vein tributary was injured, and the nephroscope entered the renal vein and inferior vena cava, which was clearly recognized...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Widi Atmoko, Ponco Birowo, Nur Rasyid
Objectives: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy on staghorn calculi is challenging for urologists because it is difficult to remove all of the stones. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associated factors of stone-free rate after primary percutaneous nephrolithotomy on staghorn calculi in a large series of patients at a single, tertiary referral, endourologic stone center. Methods: We collected data from medical record between January 2000 and December 2015. A total of 345 primary percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures were performed for patients with staghorn calculi...
2016: F1000Research
Bimalesh Purkait, Manoj Kumar, Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Ankur Bansal, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Ashok Kumar Gupta
To assess the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in bilateral staghorn calculi in pediatric patients, we have performed a retrospective analysis. Staghorn calculus is defined as stone that fills a greater part of the pelvic-caliceal system. Still, in developing countries, patients may present with staghorn calculus. PCNL is the preferred treatment modality for staghorn calculus both in adult and children. Our study included fifty-one pediatric patients (<15 years) of bilateral staghorn calculi from 2004 to 2015...
September 15, 2016: Urolithiasis
Asha Kumari, Sumit Dokwal, Pawan Mittal, Rajender Kumar, Richa Goel, Piyush Bansal, Himanshu Devender Kumar, Jaikrit Bhutani
INTRODUCTION: Nephrolithiasis is a complex disease affecting all age groups globally. As the causative factors for nephrolithiasis rises significantly, its incidence, prevalence and recurrence continues to baffle clinicians and patients. AIM: To study the prevalence of different types of renal stones extracted by Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and open surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal stones from 50 patients were retrieved by Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL), Ureterorenoscopy (URS) and open surgical techniques for qualitative tests for detection of calcium, oxalate, uric acid, phosphate, ammonium ion, carbonate, cystine and xanthine...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Azi Samsudin, Gurpreet Singh, Peter L Hughes, Bakul M Soni, Fahed Selmi
INTRODUCTION: Paraplegic patients are at greater risk of developing complications following ureteroscopic lithotripsy because of urine infection associated with neuropathic bladder, difficulties in access due to altered anatomy of urinary bladder and urethra, spinal curvature, spasticity, and contractures. We report the occurrence of large subcapsular hematoma following ureteroscopy and discuss lessons we learn from this case. CASE REPORT: A 48-year-old male patient with spina bifida underwent ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy and ureteric stenting for left ureteric stone and staghorn calculus with hydronephrosis; laser lithotripsy was repeated after 3 months; both procedures were performed by a senior urologist and did not result in any complications...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Kamaljot S Kaler, Daniel Cwikla, Ralph V Clayman
Pleural effusions due to pleural injury following supracostal percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) occur in upwards of 15% of patients; however, these effusions are invariably diagnosed immediately postoperative or during the hospital stay. Herein, we report our initial experience with a delayed nephropleural fistula. A 52-year-old female underwent an uneventful supracostal right PCNL staghorn stone procedure and was discharged on postoperative day 1. She presented to the emergency department 8 days after her original procedure and one day after ureteral stent removal in the office, with right pleural effusion, concomitant contralateral renal colic secondary to migration of a left pelvic stone into her left proximal ureter, and acute renal failure/oliguria...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Dana Kivlin, Carmen Tong, Justin Friedlander, Patricia Perosio, Jay Simhan
BACKGROUND: Staghorn calculi are well-established risk factors for recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) and subsequent renal deterioration. Less commonly, long-term urothelial irritation from a calculus may also pose a risk of malignant transformation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old male with multiple medical comorbidities presented with a chronic right renal pelvic staghorn calculus and findings concerning for emphysematous pyelonephritis. He was subsequently taken to the operating room for a planned laparoscopic right nephrectomy...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Andrew N McCall, Johann P Ingimarsson, Griffin T Morrisson, Christopher C Hook, Amy E Krambeck
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for large stone burden can be problematic in patients with significant risk of bleeding complications, specifically thrombocytopenia. This report demonstrates effective correction of two patients' thrombocytopenia, subsequently leading to removal of large stone burden through PCNL. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two Middle Eastern patients who presented with medical histories significant for thrombocytopenia, secondary to splenomegaly and hepatic vein thrombosis, and large volume nephrolithiasis...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Alfonso Benincasa, Federico Nicolosi, Mario Falsaperla, Alberto Saita
BACKGROUND: Recently endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS) has been introduced as an innovative approach for the treatment of complex single, multiple, and staghorn urolithiasis, which reveals to be a viable alternative to standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Although considered to be a versatile, safe, and efficient endoscopic procedure, it is not free from complications. We would like to report two rare cases of hydroperitoneum that occurred during ECIRS and their management...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Ali Tabibi, Amir Reza Abedi, Mohammad Hadi Radfar, Mohammad Reza Kamranmanesh, Hormoz Karami, Davood Arab, Hamid Pakmanesh
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) using split or intact Amplatz sheath. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy two patients who underwent PCNL were randomly divided into two groups; PCNL using intact (group 1) and split (group 2) Amplatz sheath. Preoperative data, operative time, largest extracted stone size, fluoroscopy and lithotripsy time, and serum biochemistry tests before and after PCNL were evaluated. RESULTS: Preoperative features and stone size were not significantly different between the groups...
2016: Urology Journal
Z S Jairajpuri, M J Hasan, G B Madan, S Jetley
Myopericytoma are uncommon, slow-growing benign perivascular neoplasms that show hemangiopericytoma-like vascular pattern. We report a 52-year-male patient with a painless palpable nodule in the left thumb for the past 9 months. The mass, on the thenar aspect, was 15x12mm in size. X-ray revealed a soft tissue swelling with no bony association. The excised nodule was a non-capsulated, well-circumscribed vascular neoplasm composed of proliferating spindle to ovoid bland cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm. A concentric perivascular arrangement of the cells was seen interspersed by thin-walled, branching, staghorn blood vessels...
August 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
Sumit Kumar, Jayaram Sreenivas, Vilvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Ashwin Mallya, Ramaiah Keshavamurthy
PURPOSE: Scoring systems have been devised to predict outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). CROES nephrolithometry nomogram (CNN) is the latest tool devised to predict stone-free rate (SFR). We aim to compare predictive accuracy of CNN against Guy stone score (GSS) for SFR and postoperative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 313 patients undergoing PCNL were analyzed for predictive accuracy of GSS, CNN, and stone burden (SB) for SFR, complications, operation time (OT), and length of hospitalization (LOH)...
October 2016: Journal of Endourology
Z J Zhu, Q Q Xu, X B Huang, Y Hong, Q Y Yang, S Wang, L Z An, T Xu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in the patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed with kidney stone after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS: In this study, 461 patients with type 2 diabetes who received PCNL in Peking University People's Hospital from June 2006 to December 2015 were reviewed. There were 281 males and 180 females with an average age of 57 years were included, of whom, 137 were diagnosed with SIRS after PCNL...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Iason Kyriazis, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Marinos Vasilas, Vasilios Panagopoulos, Wissam Kamal, Evangelos Liatsikos
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience with a central, non-calyceal puncture protocol for percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) in an attempt to challenge the opinion of worldwide adopted calyceal puncture as the less traumatic site of percutaneous entrance into the collecting system. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During 2012, a total of 137 consecutive, unselected patients were subjected to PCNL in our department. Non-calyceal punctures were performed to all cases and followed by subsequent track dilations up to 30 Fr...
August 10, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Markku Miettinen, Anna Felisiak-Golabek, Bartosz Wasag, Magdalena Chmara, Zengfeng Wang, Ralf Butzow, Jerzy Lasota
Loss-of-function germline mutations in the fumarase (FH) gene of the Krebs cycle characterize hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer syndrome. Fumarase (FH) deficiency can be diagnosed by the loss of immunohistochemical expression. In this study, we investigated the occurrence and clinicopathologic features of FH-deficient uterine smooth muscle tumors (SMTs). A total of 1583 uterine and 157 nonuterine SMTs were examined using a polyclonal FH antibody and automated immunohistochemistry, and 86 uterine leiomyomas with an FH loss were identified...
July 22, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Stavros Sfoungaristos, Ioannis Mykoniatis, Ayman Isid, Amitay Lorber, Ofer N Gofrit, Guy Hidas, Ezekiel H Landau, Dov Pode, Mordechai Duvdevani
OBJECTIVE: To assess interobserver reliability and reproducibility of the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) nephrolithometric nomogram. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Preoperative data and postoperative outcomes of 100 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy were obtained. Patients' data were reviewed separately by 4 independent urologists of different academic level: an experienced attending endourologist, a graduated fellow, a young fellow, and a resident...
July 18, 2016: Urology
Casey A Dauw, Michael S Borofsky, Nadya York, James E Lingeman
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is considered the gold standard for treatment of large renal calculi. Although several investigators have examined the feasibility and outcomes associated with PCNL in obese patients, these studies have been limited by small sample size, lack of a comparator group, or few patients at body mass index (BMI) extremes. We thus compared outcomes of superobese (BMI >50) patients undergoing PCNL vs both an "overweight" and "ideal" cohort. METHODS: We used a prospectively maintained database to identify ideal (BMI 18...
September 2016: Journal of Endourology
Firtantyo Adi Syahputra, Ponco Birowo, Nur Rasyid, Faisal Abdi Matondang, Endrika Noviandrini, Maruto Harjanggi Huseini
Objectives Bleeding is the most common complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Injudicious transfusion is frequently performed in current practice, even though it is not always needed. This study aimed to identify the predictive factors of blood loss in the PCNL procedure and evaluate the perioperative transfusion practice. Methods A prospective study of PCNL was randomly performed by two consultants of endo-urology at our institution. The inclusion criteria were adults with kidney pelvic stones >20 mm or stone in inferior calyx >10 mm or staghorn stone...
2016: F1000Research
K S Wijayarathna, G G Weerasingha, A S Weligamage, R Chandrajith, A M Abeygunasekera
The composition of renal stones varies widely among populations. The aim of our study was to determine the composition of staghorn renal stones using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in a cohort of Sri Lankan patients. Forty two staghorn calculi removed from kidneys of adult patients during open surgery were analysed. There were 32 men. Nineteen (45%) were calcium oxalate monohydrate (whewellite) stones. Stones containing a mixture of calcium oxalate and calcium hydroxyl phosphate (apatite) were found in 16 (38%)...
June 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
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