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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228817/cangrelor-in-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-current-status-and-perspectives
#1
Dimitrios Alexopoulos, Christos Pappas, Danai Sfantou, John Lekakis
Cangrelor is an intravenously administered P2Y12 receptor antagonist with very fast, potent, and quickly reversible action. In the CHAMPION PHOENIX trial, cangrelor provided an improved anti-ischemic protection compared with clopidogrel, without increasing the risk of severe bleeding. Cangrelor is currently approved by drug regulating authorities for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without prior treatment with a P2Y12 receptor antagonist and not receiving a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, while its use is endorsed with a class IIb recommendation by the European Society of Cardiology guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217178/factors-associated-with-advanced-cardiac-care-in-prehospital-chest-pain-patients
#2
Adam Frisch, Kenneth J Heidle, Stephanie O Frisch, Ashar Ata, Brandon Kramer, Caroline Colleran, Jestin N Carlson
INTRODUCTION: Many patients transported by emergency medical services (EMS) may require advanced cardiac care but do not have ST-segment elevation (STEMI) on the initial prehospital EKG. We sought to identify factors associated with the need for advanced cardiac care in undifferentiated EMS patients reporting chest pain in the absence of STEMI on EKG. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all adult patients, reporting atraumatic chest pain from a single EMS agency, presenting to a single, urban hospital over a 10-year period...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211222/cabg-surgery-remains-the-best-option-for-patients-with-left-main-coronary-disease-in-comparison-with-pci-des-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Michel Pompeu Barros Oliveira Sá, Artur Freire Soares, Rodrigo Gusmão Albuquerque Miranda, Mayara Lopes Araújo, Alexandre Motta Menezes, Frederico Pires Vasconcelos Silva, Ricardo Carvalho Lima
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant articles were searched for clinical studies that reported outcomes at 1-year follow-up after PCI with DES and CABG for the treatment of ULMCA stenosis...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208355/usage-of-prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-in-elderly-patients-with-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Ronald A M Damhuis, Suresh Senan, Jose S Belderbos
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) reduces the risk of overt brain metastases in patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and is currently recommended in guidelines for both limited and extensive disease. Given the concerns about the greater frequency of neurologic side effects in elderly patients, we studied the association among age, PCI usage, and survival for SCLC patients in the Netherlands. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from the Netherlands Cancer Registry for patients diagnosed with SCLC from 2009 to 2013 were queried...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162503/global-structural-integrity-and-effective-connectivity-in-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness
#5
Olivier Bodart, Enrico Amico, Francisco Gómez, Adenauer G Casali, Sarah Wannez, Lizette Heine, Aurore Thibaut, Jitka Annen, Melanie Boly, Silvia Casarotto, Mario Rosanova, Marcello Massimini, Steven Laureys, Olivia Gosseries
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have separately reported impaired functional, structural, and effective connectivity in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). The perturbational complexity index (PCI) is a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) derived marker of effective connectivity. The global fractional anisotropy (FA) is a marker of structural integrity. Little is known about how these parameters are related to each other. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at testing the relationship between structural integrity and effective connectivity...
November 11, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146627/single-session-versus-staged-procedures-for-elective-multivessel-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#6
Toshiaki Toyota, Takeshi Morimoto, Hiroki Shiomi, Kyohei Yamaji, Kenji Ando, Koh Ono, Satoshi Shizuta, Naritatsu Saito, Takao Kato, Shuichiro Kaji, Yutaka Furukawa, Yoshihisa Nakagawa, Kazushige Kadota, Minoru Horie, Takeshi Kimura
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the effect of single-session multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy relative to the staged multivessel strategy on clinical outcomes in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: In the Coronary REvascularisation Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/coronary artery bypass grafting registry cohort-2, there were 2018 patients who underwent elective multivessel PCI...
November 16, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105329/if-you-prick-us-do-we-not-bleed
#7
EDITORIAL
Ameera Ahmed, Timothy D Henry
Women have higher post PCI bleeding complications which in turn contributes to higher post PCI mortality. Bivalirudin decreases bleeding events in both men and women when compared to use of both heparin and GPI but bleeding avoidance strategies such as radial artery access or avoiding GPI may modify that benefit. The NCDR bleeding risk score incorporates gender and is predictive of both bleeding complications and mortality. The ideal strategy to reduce bleeding will depend on the specific patient, local practice patterns, and ideally cost effectiveness...
November 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089967/a-risk-prediction-score-model-for-predicting-occurrence-of-post-pci-vasovagal-reflex-syndrome-a-single-center-study-in-chinese-population
#8
Hai-Yan Li, Yu-Tao Guo, Cui Tian, Chao-Qun Song, Yang Mu, Yang Li, Yun-Dai Chen
BACKGROUND: The vasovagal reflex syndrome (VVRS) is common in the patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, prediction and prevention of the risk for the VVRS have not been completely fulfilled. This study was conducted to develop a Risk Prediction Score Model to identify the determinants of VVRS in a large Chinese population cohort receiving PCI. METHODS: From the hospital electronic medical database, we identified 3550 patients who received PCI (78...
August 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081177/-outcome-determinants-in-cardiac-arrest-patients-secondary-to-acute-myocardial-infarction-receiving-extra-corporeal-membrane-oxygenation-combined-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-therapy
#9
H X Fu, J F Ma, M F Hu, Z N Zhao, Y Wang, L Miao
Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy and outcome determinants in cardiac arrest patients secondary to acute myocardial infarction treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: The clinical data of 27 patients hospitalized from January 2014 to March 2017 in 3 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical data of the surviving group (12 cases) and the death group (15 cases) were compared and the outcome determinants were explored...
October 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069984/treatment-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-the-sub-arctic-region-of-norway-do-we-offer-an-equal-quality-of-care
#10
J Norum, A Hovland, L Balteskard, T Trovik, B Haug, F H Hansen, S Alterskjær, P Madsen, F Olsen
Patients, relatives, healthcare workers and administrators are concerned about the quality of care offered. We aimed to explore the treatment of acute myocatrdial infarction (AMI) in Northern Norway, compare it with the national figures, and document whether there is an equal quality of care or not. The retrospective study included data on patients' treatment for AMI. The following sources were employed. The Norwegian Patient Registry, National Quality of Care Database, Norwegian Myocardial Infarction Registry and data from the National Air Ambulance Services of Norway...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056993/factors-related-to-on-treatment-platelet-aggregation-assessed-by-multiple-electrode-aggregometry-in-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-patients-on-clopidogrel-and-aspirin
#11
Krzysztof Kukula, Mariusz Klopotowski, Joanna Was, Aleksandra Wrobel, Jacek Jamiolkowski, Artur Debski, Pawel Bekta, Zbigniew Chmielak, Adam Witkowski
INTRODUCTION: There is ongoing controversy concerning the clinical value of platelet function monitoring in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Patients at risk of high on-treatment platelet aggregation (HPR) may benefit most from such monitoring. AIM: To define the factors related to HPR on aspirin and clopidogrel, looking at a wider spectrum of variables than those assessed in some previous studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed platelet function in 908 patients on clopidogrel and aspirin after PCI using the multielectrode aggregometry system Multiplate to define which clinical, procedural and laboratory factors are related to on-treatment platelet aggregation in response to aspirin and clopidogrel either as linear values or using established cutoff values for HPR...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054183/appropriateness-of-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-and-impact-of-government-health-insurance-scheme-a-tertiary-centre-experience-from-western-india
#12
Devendra Patil, Charan Lanjewar, Goutam Vaggar, Juhi Bhargava, Girish Sabnis, Jivtesh Pahwa, Ankur Phatarpekar, Hetan Shah, Prafulla Kerkar
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of data regarding the appropriateness of elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a limited-resource country such as India. In an attempt to rationalise the use of PCI, Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) were developed for cardiovascular care in the USA. In the Indian context, considering the high prevalence of coronary artery disease, the dramatic rise in the number of revascularization procedures and an increasing role of government/private reimbursements, application of AUC could potentially guide policy to optimize the utilization of resources and the benefit-risk ratio for individual patients...
September 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033506/the-impact-of-fractional-flow-reserve-guided-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-coronary-stenoses-of-intermediate-severity
#13
Chien-Lung Huang, Hsu-Lung Jen, Wen-Ping Huang, Tien-Ping Tsao, Mason Shing Young, Wei-Hsian Yin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the use of fractional flow reserve (FFR) in addition to angiography significantly reduced the rate of all major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). However, this practice has not been widely accepted and limited outcome data exist about FFR-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Taiwan. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible impact of FFR-guided PCI in coronary stenoses of intermediate severity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study on 443 cases of intermediate coronary stenoses in 206 patients recruited from our computerized database...
July 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026413/evaluation-of-pentraxin-3-level-and-its-related-factors-in-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#14
Saeed Alipour-Parsa, Habib Haybar, Mohammad Hasan Namazi, Morteza Safi, Isa Khaheshi, Mehdi Memaryan, Amir Mohammad Eghbalnejad-Mofrad
BACKGROUND: Inflammation has an important role in the development and progression of atherosclerosis, and acute phase proteins such as pentraxin-3 (PTX3) can be deployed in determining the prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). So the purpose of this paper was to evaluate the PTX3 level and its related factors in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the PTX3 levels were determined for 100 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction referred to the Modarres Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
March 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993843/in-hospital-mortality-after-acute-stemi-in-patients-undergoing-primary-pci
#15
M Ali, S A Lange, T Wittlinger, G Lehnert, A G Rigopoulos, M Noutsias
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the main cause of global and in-hospital mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to examine the association between the coronary artery involved and the in-hospital mortality in patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) after ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: The in-hospital mortality of STEMI patients who underwent pPCI was assessed at the Department of Cardiology, Harzklinik Goslar, Germany, which has no access to immediate mechanical circulatory support (MCS), between 2013 and 2017...
October 9, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942868/gender-differences-in-the-management-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-one-year-results-from-hpiar-hp-india-acs-registry
#16
Kunal Mahajan, Prakash Chand Negi, Rajeev Merwaha, Nitin Mahajan, Vivek Chauhan, Sanjeev Asotra
INTRODUCTION: Data from high-income countries suggest that women receive less intensive diagnostic and therapeutic management than men for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). There is a paucity of such data in the Indian population, which is 69% rural and prior studies focused mostly on urban populations. The objective of the present study was to identify the gender based differences in ACS management, if any, in a predominantly rural population. METHODS: Data from 35 hospitals across Himachal Pradesh covering >90% of state population were collected for one year (July 2015-June 2016)...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927186/long-term-clinical-outcomes-health-related-quality-of-life-and-costs-in-different-treatment-modalities-of-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Harriet Stenvall, Ilkka Tierala, Pirjo Räsänen, Mika Laine, Harri Sintonen, Risto P Roine
Aims: This study is a prospective, observational 8-year follow-up of 300 stable unselected coronary artery disease patients entering elective coronary angiography in 2002-03. Recorded were clinical outcomes, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and secondary care costs after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or medical therapy (MT). Methods and results: HRQoL was measured by the 15D instrument at baseline, 6 months, and 8 years...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888272/gender-differences-in-coronary-angiography-subsequent-interventions-and-outcomes-among-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Gudny Stella Gudnadottir, Karl Andersen, Inga Sigurros Thrainsdottir, Stefan Karl James, Bo Lagerqvist, Thorarinn Gudnason
BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate whether gender disparities are found in referrals of patients with acute coronary syndromes to percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and, furthermore, to study gender differences in complications and mortality. METHODS: All consecutive coronary angiographies (CAs) and PCIs performed in Sweden and Iceland are prospectively registered in the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry...
September 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834883/effect-of-charted-mental-illness-on-reperfusion-therapy-in-hospitalized-patients-with-an-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-florida
#19
Thomas R Campi, Sharon George, Diego Villacís, Melissa Ward-Peterson, Noël C Barengo, Juan C Zevallos
Patients with mental illness carry risk factors that predispose them to excess cardiovascular mortality from an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) compared to the general population. The aim of this study was to determine if patients with AMI and charted mental illness (CMI) received less reperfusion therapy following an AMI, compared to AMI patients without CMI in a recent sample population from Florida.A secondary analysis of data was conducted using the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration (FL-AHCA) hospital discharge registry...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820545/assessment-and-management-of-acute-severe-mitral-regurgitation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#20
Marina Leitman, Vladimir Tyomkin, Ehud Raanani, Ram Sharony, Ludmila Tzatskin, Eli Peleg, Alex Blatt, Zvi Vered
BACKGROUND: Acute severe mitral regurgitation (MR) is a serious medical condition. Whilst clear guidelines exist regarding the management of chronic MR, acute severe MR is usually treated on an individual basis. Currently, few data exist regarding acute MR in the era of primary coronary interventions (PCI). The present study included patients admitted to the Department of Cardiology during recent years with acute severe MR of different etiologies, and an analysis of these data in the light of previous investigations...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
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