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post traumatic stress disorder review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#1
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338591/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-post-traumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#2
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (i) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (ii) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, Pubmed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331780/what-works-in-the-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Lois W Choi-Kain, Ellen F Finch, Sara R Masland, James A Jenkins, Brandon T Unruh
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: This review summarizes advances in treatments for adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD) in the last 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence-based advances in the treatment of BPD include a delineation of generalist models of care in contrast to specialist treatments, identification of essential effective elements of dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), and the adaptation of DBT treatment to manage post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and BPD...
2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320916/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-alcohol-brief-interventions-for-the-uk-military-personnel-moving-back-to-civilian-life
#4
REVIEW
Sarah Wigham, A Bauer, S Robalino, J Ferguson, A Burke, D Newbury-Birch
BACKGROUND: Higher levels of alcohol consumption have been observed in the UK armed forces compared with the general population. For some, this may increase the risk of using alcohol as a coping strategy when adjusting to multiple life events occurring when moving back into civilian life. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted to determine the effectiveness of alcohol brief interventions for military personnel during transition. Electronic databases including Medline, Central, Healthcare Management Information Consortium (HMIC) and Embase, and grey literature, were searched...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291464/expanding-clinical-assessment-for-traumatic-brain-injury-and-comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-retrospective-analysis-of-virtual-environment-tasks-in-the-computer-assisted-rehabilitation-environment
#5
Marie M Onakomaiya, Sarah E Kruger, Krista B Highland, Paula N Kodosky, Marcy M Pape, Michael J Roy
The objective of this study was to determine whether physical performance during virtual environment (VE) tasks in the Computer-Assisted Rehabilitation Environment (CAREN) could differentiate between service members (SMs) with a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with and without comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Data were obtained by independent review of clinical notes, objective outcomes, and validated questionnaires from 214 SMs (208 males) with a history of TBI assessed in the CAREN from 2010 to 2015...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290941/professional-stress-and-burnout-in-u-s-military-medical-personnel-deployed-to-afghanistan
#6
Amy B Adler, Amanda L Adrian, Marla Hemphill, Nicole H Scaro, Maurice L Sipos, Jeffrey L Thomas
BACKGROUND: Studies of medical staff members have consistently documented high levels of burnout compared to those in other professions. Although there are studies of burnout in military medical staff, there are gaps in understanding the experience of medical staff while they are deployed and few occupationally-related factors associated with decreased burnout have been identified in this population. PURPOSE: To assess work-related variables accounting for burnout over and above rank, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and professional stressors in the deployed environment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290938/postconcussive-symptoms-ptsd-and-medical-disease-burden-in-treatment-seeking-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#7
Joah L Williams, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, James G Murphy, Ellen M Crouse
INTRODUCTION: The most common psychological and cognitive sequelae associated with deployments to Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom) are mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). High rates of PTSD are often observed among Veterans with a history of mTBI, and persistent postconcussive symptoms commonly endorsed after mTBI are known to be associated with PTSD. Therefore, this study examined whether PTSD mediates relations between postconcussive symptoms and 2 indices of medical disease burden: 1) the number of disease categories positive for a diagnosis, or system disease burden, and 2) total number of physical diagnoses, or cumulative disease burden...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268256/cannabidiol-regulation-of-emotion-and-emotional-memory-processing-relevance-for-treating-anxiety-related-and-substance-abuse-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Jonathan L C Lee, Leandro J Bertoglio, Francisco S Guimarães, Carl W Stevenson
Learning to associate cues or contexts with potential threats or rewards is adaptive and enhances survival. Both aversive and appetitive memories are therefore powerful drivers of behaviour, but the inappropriate expression of conditioned responding to fear- and drug-related stimuli can develop into anxiety-related and substance abuse disorders respectively. These disorders are associated with abnormally persistent emotional memories and inadequate treatment, often leading to symptom relapse. Studies show that cannabidiol, the main non-psychotomimetic phytocannabinoid found in Cannabis sativa, reduces anxiety via 5-HT1A and (indirect) cannabinoid receptor activation in paradigms assessing innate responses to threat...
March 7, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243582/medically-related-post-traumatic-stress-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects
#9
REVIEW
Maya G Meentken, Ingrid M van Beynum, Jeroen S Legerstee, Willem A Helbing, Elisabeth M W J Utens
Children and adolescents with a congenital heart defect (ConHD) frequently undergo painful or frightening medical procedures and hospitalizations. They often need multiple invasive procedures at a very young age and require regular checkups during their entire life. From other pediatric populations, it is known that these kinds of experiences can result in acute stress reactions and even in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the long-term. PTSD and also subthreshold PTSD can lead to serious (psychosocial) impairment...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242808/correction-to-poststroke-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-review
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242325/genetic-approaches-for-the-study-of-ptsd-advances-and-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Sunayana B Banerjee, Filomene G Morrison, Kerry J Ressler
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly debilitating stress and anxiety-related disorder that occurs in response to specific trauma or abuse. Genetic risk factors may account for up to 30-40% of the heritability of PTSD. Understanding the gene pathways that are associated with PTSD, and how those genes interact with the fear and stress circuitry to mediate risk and resilience for PTSD will enable the development of targeted therapies to prevent the occurrence of or decrease the severity of this complex multi-gene disorder...
February 24, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240187/the-endocannabinoid-system-modulating-levels-of-consciousness-emotions-and-likely-dream-contents
#12
Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, José Carlos Pastrana-Trejo, Mireille Salas-Crisóstomo, Miriel de-la-Cruz
Cannabinoids are derivatives that are either compounds occurring naturally in the plant, Cannabis sativa or synthetic analogs of these molecules. The first and most widely investigated of the cannabinoids is ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), which is the main psychotropic constituent of cannabis and undergoes significant binding to cannabinoid receptors. These cannabinoid receptors are seven-transmembrane receptors that received their name from the fact that they respond to cannabinoid compounds, including Δ9-THC...
February 23, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237537/neurocognitive-and-psychiatric-issues-post-cardiac-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Ben Indja, Michael Seco, Richard Seamark, Jason Kaplan, Paul G Bannon, Stuart M Grieve, Michael P Vallely
Neurocognitive and psychiatric complications are common following cardiac surgery and impact on patient quality of life, recovery from surgery, participation in rehabilitation and long-term mortality. Postoperative cognitive decline, depressive disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder and neurocognitive impairment related to silent brain infarcts have all been linked to the perioperative period of cardiac surgery, and potentially have serious consequences. The accurate assessment of these conditions, particularly in determining the aetiology, and impact on patients is difficult due to the poorly recognised nature of these complications as well as similarities in presentation with postoperative delirium...
February 6, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237074/systematic-review-predicting-adverse-psychological-outcomes-after-hand-trauma
#14
Emma Ladds, Nathalie Redgrave, Matthew Hotton, Michael Lamyman
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: After traumatic hand injury, extensive physical and psychological adaptation is required following surgical reconstruction. Recovery from injury can understandably be emotionally challenging, which may result in impaired quality of life and delayed physical recovery. However, the evidence base for identifying high-risk patients is limited. METHODS: A PROSPERO-registered literature search of MEDLINE (1946-present), EMBASE (1980-present), PsychInfo, and CINAHL electronic databases identified 5156 results for studies reporting psychological outcomes after acute hand trauma...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214175/the-traumatic-experience-of-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Rebecca Rodrigues, Kelly K Anderson
INTRODUCTION: A psychotic episode may be sufficiently traumatic to induce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which could impact outcomes in first-episode psychosis (FEP). The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to estimate the prevalence of PTSD symptoms in relation to psychosis in FEP and to identify risk factors for the development of PTSD symptoms. METHODS: We searched electronic databases and conducted manual searching of reference lists and tables of contents to identify relevant studies...
February 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214073/older-adults-with-ptsd-brief-state-of-research-and-evidence-based-psychotherapy-case-illustration
#16
Joan M Cook, Elissa McCarthy, Steven R Thorp
Although lifetime exposure to potentially traumatic events among older adults is fairly high, rates of full-blown post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are estimated at about 4.5%, a rate lower than that for middle-aged and young adults. Nevertheless, PTSD seems to be an under-recognized and under-treated condition in older adults. Assessment and treatment can be challenging in this population for various reasons, including potential cognitive or sensory decline and comorbid mental and physical disorders. This article provides highlights of the empirical research on PTSD in late life, including information on its effects on cognition and physical health...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164288/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-depression-or-anxiety-disorders-in-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Adegoke Adelufosi, Bassey Edet, Dachi Arikpo, Ememobong Aquaisua, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is associated with psychological consequences such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD), depression, and anxiety disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an empirically supported form of psychotherapy, may be an effective treatment for these psychological sequelae of FGM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of CBT among individuals living with any type of FGM and diagnosed to have PTSD, depression, or anxiety disorders...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161034/impact-of-social-determinants-of-health-on-medical-conditions-among-transgender-veterans
#18
John R Blosnich, Mary C Marsiglio, Melissa E Dichter, Shasha Gao, Adam J Gordon, Jillian C Shipherd, Michael R Kauth, George R Brown, Michael J Fine
INTRODUCTION: Transgender individuals experience pronounced disparities in health (e.g., mood disorders, suicide risk) and in the prevalence of social determinants of housing instability, financial strain, and violence. The objectives of this study were to understand the prevalence of social determinants among transgender veterans and assess their associations with medical conditions. METHODS: This project was a records review using administrative data from the U...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153930/psychological-interventions-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-young-survivors-of-mass-violence-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Nexhmedin Morina, Mina Malek, Angela Nickerson, Richard A Bryant
BACKGROUND: The majority of survivors of mass violence live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). AIMS: To synthesise empirical findings for psychological interventions for children and adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or depression in LMICs affected by mass violence. METHOD: Randomised controlled trials with children and adolescents with symptoms of PTSD and/or depression in LMICs were identified. Overall, 21 812 records were found through July 2016 in the Medline, PsycINFO and PILOTS databases; 21 met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed according to recommended guidelines...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151992/psychosocial-interventions-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-resettled-in-high-income-countries-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Michela Nosè, Francesca Ballette, Irene Bighelli, Giulia Turrini, Marianna Purgato, Wietse Tol, Stefan Priebe, Corrado Barbui
Treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in refugees and asylum seekers resettled in high-income countries presents specific challenges. This systematic review examined the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for this group. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of randomised trials, CINAHL, EMBASE, PILOTS, PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science up to July 2016. Studies included randomised and controlled clinical trials comparing psychosocial interventions with waiting list or treatment as usual in adult refugees and asylum seekers with PTSD resettled in high-income countries...
2017: PloS One
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