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post traumatic stress disorder review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708415/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-yoga-as-a-complementary-and-alternative-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-review-and-synthesis
#1
Nicole A Sciarrino, Christian DeLucia, Kaitlin O'Brien, Kristen McAdams
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition that affects many who have experienced trauma. In addition to skills-focused treatments, exposure-based treatments, cognitive therapy, combination treatments, and EMDR, a number of alternative treatments for PTSD have emerged in recent years. The search for alternative treatments is justified based on the empirical observation that a large percentage of individuals fail to benefit optimally from existing treatments (e...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698828/a-case-of-pediatric-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-presenting-as-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-report
#2
Muhammad A Tahir, Nida R Gujar, Nusrat Jahan
In the past few years, there has been increased recognition that children, who have faced traumatic incidences, can develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), just like in adults. We present a case of PTSD in a 6-year-old child who endured three surgical procedures because he was suffering from a congenital cranial stenosis (Pfeiffer) syndrome. Because of repetitive painful episodes, resulting from the syndrome, and then post-surgical complications, the child developed behavioral outbursts, hypervigilence, concentration problems, and irritability...
May 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681619/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-patients-with-ovarian-cancer
#3
Camilla Gesi, Claudia Carmassi, Federica Sancassiani, Angiolo Gadducci, Liliana Dell'Osso
Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the deadliest malignancies. The impact of this diagnosis is, therefore, highly traumatic, and affected women are prone to significant distress during the whole course of the disease. The present paper is aimed to review extant literature about the relationship between OC and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680693/the-incorporation-of-emotion-regulation-skills-into-couple-and-family-based-treatments-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Deborah A Perlick, Frederic J Sautter, Julia J Becker-Cretu, Danielle Schultz, Savannah C Grier, Alexander V Libin, Manon Maitland Schladen, Shirley M Glynn
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling, potentially chronic disorder that is characterized by re-experience and hyperarousal symptoms as well as the avoidance of trauma-related stimuli. The distress experienced by many veterans of the Vietnam War and their partners prompted a strong interest in developing conjoint interventions that could both alleviate the core symptoms of PTSD and strengthen family bonds. We review the evolution of and evidence base for conjoint PTSD treatments from the Vietnam era through the post-911 era...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670837/analytical-methodologies-for-the-stereoselective-determination-of-fluoxetine-an-overview
#5
REVIEW
Gabriel Hancu, Melania Cârcu-Dobrin, Monica Budău, Aura Rusu
Fluoxetine is a widely used antidepressant belonging to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class; used in the treatment of major depression, obsessive compulsive, premenstrual dysphoric, panic and post-traumatic stress disorders. Fluoxetine is an optical active pharmaceutical substance, which is used as a racemate in therapy, but stereospecific interactions associated with the serotonin-reuptake carrier, for both the parent drug and its active metabolite, norfluoxetine, has been described in the literature...
July 3, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667201/study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-japanese-patients-the-safety-power-intimacy-esteem-trust-spinet-study
#6
Masaya Ito, Masaru Horikoshi, Patricia A Resick, Akiko Katayanagi, Mitsuhiro Miyamae, Yuriko Takagishi, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Ayako Kanie, Naotsugu Hirabayashi, Toshiaki A Furukawa
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is widely regarded as a safe and effective first-line treatment for individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, no comparative studies have been conducted to examine the treatment outcomes in an Asian population. The aim of the present trial is to investigate the efficacy of CPT (individual format) as a treatment for PTSD in a population of Japanese patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A 16-week, single-centre, assessor-masked, randomised, parallel-group superiority trial has been designed to compare the efficacy of CPT in conjunction with treatment as usual (mostly pharmacotherapy and clinical monitoring) versus treatment as usual alone...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659041/teaching-end-of-life-communication-in-intensive-care-medicine-review-of-the-existing-literature-and-implications-for-future-curricula
#7
Bjoern Zante, Joerg C Schefold
OBJECTIVES: End-of-life (EOL) situations are common in the intensive care unit (ICU). Poor communication in respective situations may result in conflict and/or post-traumatic stress disorder in patients' next of kin. Thus, training for EOL communication seems pivotal. Primary objective of the current report was to identify approaches for educational programs in the ICU with regard to EOL communication as well as to conclude on implications for future curricula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsychINFO was performed...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653665/circulating-endocannabinoids-from-whence-do-they-come-and-where-are-they-going
#8
Cecilia J Hillard
The goal of this review is to summarize studies in which concentrations of circulating endocannabinoids in humans have been examined in relationship to physiological measurements and pathological status. The roles of endocannabinoids in the regulation of energy intake and storage have been well studied and the data obtained consistently support the hypothesis that endocannabinoid signaling is associated with increased consumption and storage of energy. Physical exercise mobilizes endocannabinoids, which could contribute to refilling of energy stores and also to the analgesic and mood-elevating effects of exercise...
June 27, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649868/early-eye-movement-desensitisation-and-reprocessing-emdr-intervention-in-a-disaster-mental-health-care-context
#9
Anna Saltini, Daniela Rebecchi, Chiara Callerame, Isabel Fernandez, Elisa Bergonzini, Fabrizio Starace
'Early psychological intervention' is defined as commencing treatment within three months of the traumatic event, with the aim to prevent or treat posttraumatic stress disorder, ongoing distress or acute stress disorder. In natural disaster situations, specific issues may limit the amount of time available for treatment and the possibility of interventions. Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) can be used without regard to these limits. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of EMDR, Recent Traumatic Episode Protocol (R-TEP) provided within three months of the traumatic event to a large sample of individuals exposed to the earthquake that hit Emilia Romagna Region (Northern Italy) in 2012...
June 25, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629393/the-effect-of-an-elective-cesarean-section-on-maternal-request-on-peripartum-anxiety-and-depression-in-women-with-childbirth-fear-a-systematic-review
#10
Renske M Olieman, Femke Siemonsma, Margaux A Bartens, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Fedde Scheele, Adriaan Honig
BACKGROUND: Obstetricians are often reluctant to grant requests for an elective cesarean section (ECS) due to childbirth fear. To date, it is unknown if an ECS on request improves mental well-being in the mother in the peripartum period and if possible beneficial effects on anxiety and depression could outweigh the increased risk of complications associated with a surgical delivery. A systematic review was conducted to explore the effect of ECS on request on peripartum anxiety and depression...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627447/pain-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-psychological-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Samar Khoury, Rodrigo Benavides
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the cause for long-term disability in more than 3 million patients in the US alone, with chronic pain being the most frequently reported complain. To date, predisposing mechanisms for chronic pain in TBI patients are largely unknown. Psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety following TBI are commonly reported comorbidities to post-traumatic pain. Long term consequences can be debilitating and affect quality of life even when the injury is mild...
June 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624761/factors-influencing-psychological-social-and-health-outcomes-after-major-burn-injuries-in-adults-cohort-study-protocol
#12
Martha Druery, Peter A Newcombe, Cate M Cameron, Jeffrey Lipman
INTRODUCTION: The goal of burn care is that 'the quality of the outcome must be worth the pain of survival'. More research is needed to understand how best to deliver care for patients with burns to achieve this aim. Loss of independence, function as well as loss of income for patients with burns and carers cause a significant burden at both individual and societal levels. Much is being done to advance knowledge in the clinical care field; however, there has been a paucity of research exploring psychosocial outcomes...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620339/the-stress-acceleration-hypothesis-of-nightmares
#13
Tore Nielsen
Adverse childhood experiences can deleteriously affect future physical and mental health, increasing risk for many illnesses, including psychiatric problems, sleep disorders, and, according to the present hypothesis, idiopathic nightmares. Much like post-traumatic nightmares, which are triggered by trauma and lead to recurrent emotional dreaming about the trauma, idiopathic nightmares are hypothesized to originate in early adverse experiences that lead in later life to the expression of early memories and emotions in dream content...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579965/neural-correlates-of-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Kathrin Malejko, Birgit Abler, Paul L Plener, Joana Straub
OBJECTIVES: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric disease with changes in neural circuitries. Neurobiological models conceptualize the symptoms of PTSD as correlates of a dysfunctional stress reaction to traumatic events. Functional imaging studies showed an increased amygdala and a decreased prefrontal cortex response in PTSD patients. As psychotherapeutic approaches represent the gold standard for PTSD treatment, it is important to examine its underlying neurobiological correlates...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570791/patients-with-co-occurring-bipolar-disorder-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Joseph M Cerimele, Amy M Bauer, John C Fortney, Mark S Bauer
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the current literature on epidemiology, clinical correlates, and treatment of individuals with co-occurring bipolar disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DATA SOURCES: We conducted a focused, time-sensitive review called "rapid review" in November 2015, using keyword searches (including keywords bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD, and others) in PubMed for studies of adults with co-occurring bipolar disorder and PTSD...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551446/intimate-partner-violence-and-pregnancy-epidemiology-and-impact
#16
Christian A Chisholm, Linda Bullock, James E Jef Ferguson
Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem in our society, affecting women disproportionately. Intimate partner violence takes many forms, including physical violence, sexual violence, stalking, and psychological aggression. While the scope of intimate partner violence is not fully documented, nearly 40% of women in the United States are victims of sexual violence in their lifetimes and 20% are victims of physical intimate partner violence. Other forms of intimate partner violence are likely particularly underreported...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512692/virtual-reality-enhanced-extinction-of-phobias-and-post-traumatic-stress
#17
REVIEW
Jessica L Maples-Keller, Carly Yasinski, Nicole Manjin, Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
Virtual reality (VR) refers to an advanced technological communication interface in which the user is actively participating in a computer-generated 3-dimensional virtual world that includes computer sensory input devices used to simulate real-world interactive experiences. VR has been used within psychiatric treatment for anxiety disorders, particularly specific phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder, given several advantages that VR provides for use within treatment for these disorders. Exposure therapy for anxiety disorder is grounded in fear-conditioning models, in which extinction learning involves the process through which conditioned fear responses decrease or are inhibited...
July 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502781/checks-and-balances-the-glucocorticoid-receptor-and-nf%C3%A4-b-in-good-times-and-bad
#18
REVIEW
Mandakh Bekhbat, Sydney A Rowson, Gretchen N Neigh
Mutual regulation and balance between the endocrine and immune systems facilitate an organism's stress response and are impaired following chronic stress or prolonged immune activation. Concurrent alterations in stress physiology and immunity are increasingly recognized as contributing factors to several stress-linked neuropsychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Accumulating evidence suggests that impaired balance and crosstalk between the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NFκB) - effectors of the stress and immune axes, respectively - may play a key role in mediating the harmful effects of chronic stress on mood and behavior...
July 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498299/machine-learning-for-predicting-outcomes-in-trauma
#19
Nehemiah T Liu, Jose Salinas
To date, there are no reviews on machine learning (ML) for predicting outcomes in trauma. Consequently, it remains unclear as to how ML-based prediction models compare in the triage and assessment of trauma patients. The objective of this review was to survey and identify studies involving ML for predicting outcomes in trauma, with the hypothesis that models predicting similar outcomes may share common features but the performance of ML in these studies will differ greatly. MEDLINE and other databases were searched for studies involving trauma and ML...
May 11, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486180/the-association-between-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-shorter-telomere-length-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Xuemei Li, Jiang Wang, Jianghua Zhou, Pan Huang, Jiping Li
OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric disorder, which may accelerate aging. Many study have investigated the association between telomeres length and PTSD, but results from published studies are contradictory. Therefore, Meta-analysis approaches were conducted to give more precise estimate of relationship between telomere length and PTSD. METHOD: We systematically reviewed the databases of PUBMED, PsycINFO, Medline(Ovid SP) and EMBASE for all articles on the association between telomere length and PTSD...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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