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Pediatric neurologic rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891405/long-term-outcomes-in-motor-and-cognitive-impairment-with-acute-encephalopathy
#1
Yuri Matsubara, Hitoshi Osaka, Takanori Yamagata, Ryusuke Ae, Jun Shimizu, Noriko Oguro
BACKGROUND: Acute encephalopathy causes various sequelae, including motor disabilities and intellectual delays. Previous studies reported that cognitive impairments can also occur after acute encephalitis. Although the incidence of acute encephalopathy is high in Japan, there have been few reports on its sequelae. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the neurological outcomes of pediatric patients who sought motor rehabilitation for motor dysfunction after acute encephalopathy...
June 8, 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845603/motor-function-daily-living-skills-5-years-after-paediatric-arterial-ischaemic-stroke-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#2
Anna N Cooper, Vicki Anderson, Mardee Greenham, Stephen Hearps, Rod W Hunt, Mark T Mackay, Michael Ditchfield, Lee Coleman, Paul Monagle, Anne L Gordon
AIM: To describe 5-year motor and functional outcomes after paediatric arterial ischaemic stroke (AIS) and to explore factors associated with poorer long-term outcome. METHOD: Thirty-three children (21 males, 12 females) with AIS were recruited to a single-site, cross-sectional study, from a previously reported prospective longitudinal stroke outcome study. Children were stratified according to age at diagnosis: neonates (≤30d), preschool (>30d-5y), and school age (≥5y)...
May 30, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803667/relationships-between-enteral-nutrition-facts-and-urinary-stones-in-a-cohort-of-pediatric-patients-in-rehabilitation-from-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#3
Marco Pozzi, Federica Locatelli, Sara Galbiati, Elena Beretta, Carla Carnovale, Emilio Clementi, Sandra Strazzer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Urolithiasis affects pediatric patients with severe acquired brain injury, in whom the role of several clinical variables and of the presence and composition of enteral nutrition has not been investigated. METHODS: Retrospective chart review on 371 pediatric patients with severe acquired brain injury. We used an essential electronic database to check the association between stones and enteral feeding. We then picked at random paper clinical records until we collected 20 and 20 complete records for patients with/without stones, not matched...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799906/chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-clinical-neurophysiological-functional-and-patient-reported-outcomes
#4
Tejaswi Kandula, Michelle Anne Farrar, Richard J Cohn, David Mizrahi, Kate Carey, Karen Johnston, Matthew C Kiernan, Arun V Krishnan, Susanna B Park
Importance: In light of the excellent long-term survival of childhood cancer patients, it is imperative to screen for factors affecting health, function, and quality of life in long-term survivors. Objective: To comprehensively assess chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in childhood cancer survivors to define disease burden and functional effect and to inform screening recommendations. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional observational study, cancer survivors who were treated with chemotherapy for extracranial malignancy before age 17 years were recruited consecutively between April 2015 and December 2016 from a single tertiary hospital-based comprehensive cancer survivorship clinic and compared with healthy age-matched controls...
May 14, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797651/sudden-spinal-hemorrhage-in-a-pediatric-case-with-total-body-irradiation-induced-cavernous-hemangioma
#5
Takashi Mikami, Itaru Kato, Fumihito Nozaki, Katsutsugu Umeda, Tatsuya Kamitori, Keiji Tasaka, Hideto Ogata, Hidefumi Hiramatsu, Yoshiki Arakawa, Souichi Adachi
Compared to cerebral radiation-induced cavernous hemangiomas (RICHs), little is known about intraspinal RICHs. A 13-year-old male suddenly developed symptomatic spinal hemorrhage eight years after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using a total body irradiation (TBI) based myeloablative regimen. A solitary small hemangioma was detected on follow-up T2 star weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the spine. His neurological symptoms gradually improved with supportive treatment and rehabilitation, although he experienced rebleeding 2 years later...
May 24, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774893/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-sensitivity-pattern-of-urinary-tract-infection-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-moshi-tanzania
#6
Amon Ryakitimbo, Rune Philemon, Festo Mazuguni, Levina Msuya
Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is a challenging yet common clinical condition. Children with CP bare the greatest risk of contracting UTI because of their difficulties in neuromotor control which lead to delay of bladder control, causing incomplete bladder emptying and urine retention. Method: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that was conducted from September 2016 to March 2017 at Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania - Moshi and Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre Neurological Pediatrics Outpatient Clinic...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718002/vertebral-artery-dissection-masquerading-as-concussion-in-an-adolescent
#7
Gogi Kumar, Bryan Ludwig, Vipul V Patel
OBJECTIVE: Educate providers about the clinical presentation and consequences of delaying diagnosis of traumatic vertebral artery dissection with thromboembolic ischemic strokes in the pediatric population. Vertebral artery dissection is often difficult to diagnose and can be a potentially devastating cause of ischemic stroke. METHODS: Review of the chart, peer review/discussion, and imaging interpretation. RESULTS: A 16-year-old boy was admitted with confusion after a head and neck trauma was sustained while wrestling...
May 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715597/a-systematic-review-of-game-technologies-for-pediatric-patients
#8
REVIEW
Sandra Jurdi, Jorge Montaner, Fernando Garcia-Sanjuan, Javier Jaen, Vicente Nacher
Children in hospital are subjected to multiple negative stimuli that may hinder their development and social interactions. Although game technologies are thought to improve children's experience in hospital, there is a lack of information on how they can be used effectively. This paper presents a systematic review of the literature on the existing approaches in this context to identify gaps for future research. A total of 1305 studies were identified, of which 75 were thoroughly analyzed according to our review protocol...
April 25, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697019/frontal-lobe-cavernous-malformations-in-pediatric-patients-clinical-features-and-surgical-outcomes
#9
Chengjun Wang, Meng Zhao, Jia Wang, Shuo Wang, Zhongli Jiang, Jizong Zhao
The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical manifestations, surgical treatment, and neurologic outcomes of frontal lobe cavernous malformations in children. A retrospective analysis of 23 pediatric frontal lobe cavernous malformation patients who underwent surgical treatment in Beijing Tiantan Hospital was performed. The case series included 16 boys and 7 girls. Gross total removal without surgical mortality was achieved in all patients. The mean follow-up period after surgery was 33.1 months. Two patients who left hospital with motor deficits gradually recovered after rehabilitative treatment, and other patients were considered to be in excellent clinical condition...
July 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685065/noninvasive-brain-stimulation-challenges-and-opportunities-for-a-new-clinical-specialty
#10
Aaron D Boes, Michael S Kelly, Nicholas T Trapp, Adam P Stern, Daniel Z Press, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
Noninvasive brain stimulation refers to a set of technologies and techniques with which to modulate the excitability of the brain via transcranial stimulation. Two major modalities of noninvasive brain stimulation are transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial current stimulation. Six TMS devices now have approved uses by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and are used in clinical practice: five for treating medication refractory depression and the sixth for presurgical mapping of motor and speech areas...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664874/traumatic-brain-injury-and-infectious-encephalopathy-in-children-from-four-resource-limited-settings-in-africa
#11
Ericka L Fink, Amelie von Saint Andre-von Arnim, Rashmi Kumar, Patrick T Wilson, Tigist Bacha, Abenezer Tirsit Aklilu, Tsegazeab Laeke Teklemariam, Shubhada Hooli, Lisine Tuyisenge, Easmon Otupiri, Anthony Fabio, John Gianakas, Patrick M Kochanek, Derek C Angus, Robert C Tasker
OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency, interventions, and outcomes of children presenting with traumatic brain injury or infectious encephalopathy in low-resource settings. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Four hospitals in Sub-Saharan Africa. PATIENTS: Children age 1 day to 17 years old evaluated at the hospital with traumatic brain injury or infectious encephalopathy. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We evaluated the frequency and outcomes of children presenting consecutively over 4 weeks to any hospital department with traumatic brain injury or infectious encephalopathy...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648486/physicians-attitudes-when-faced-with-life-threatening-events-in-children-with-severe-neurological-disabilities
#12
Benjy Wosinski, Christopher J Newman
PURPOSE: Children with severe neurological disabilities are at an increased risk of acute, life-threatening events. We assessed physicians' attitudes when making decisions in these situations. METHODS: We surveyed physicians in pediatric intensive care, neurology, and rehabilitation units in Swiss hospitals. The questionnaire explored participants' attitudes toward life-threatening situations in two scenarios: a child with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) and an infant with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) type I...
April 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559476/age-dependent-cellular-and-behavioral-deficits-induced-by-molecularly-targeted-drugs-are-reversible
#13
Joseph Scafidi, Jonathan Ritter, Brooke M Talbot, Jorge Edwards, Li-Jin Chew, Vittorio Gallo
Newly developed targeted anticancer drugs inhibit signaling pathways commonly altered in adult and pediatric cancers. However, as these pathways are also essential for normal brain development, concerns have emerged of neurologic sequelae resulting specifically from their application in pediatric cancers. The neural substrates and age dependency of these drug-induced effects in vivo are unknown, and their long-term behavioral consequences have not been characterized. This study defines the age-dependent cellular and behavioral effects of these drugs on normally developing brains and determines their reversibility with post-drug intervention...
April 15, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512478/pediatric-acute-severe-neurologic-illness-and-injury-in-an-urban-and-a-rural-hospital-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#14
Taty Tshimangani, Jean Pongo, Joseph Bodi Mabiala, Marcel Yotebieng, Nicole F O'Brien
Empirical knowledge suggests that acute neurologic disorders are common in sub-Saharan Africa, but studies examining the true burden of these diseases in children are scarce. We performed this prospective, observational study to evaluate the prevalence, clinical characteristics, treatment approaches, and outcomes of children suffering acute neurologic illness or injury (ANI) in an urban and rural site in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Over 12 months, 471 out of 6,563 children admitted met diagnostic criteria for ANI, giving a hospital-based prevalence of 72/1,000 admissions...
May 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394221/functional-recovery-in-critically-ill-children-the-weecover-multicenter-study
#15
Karen Choong, Douglas Fraser, Samah Al-Harbi, Asm Borham, Jill Cameron, Saoirse Cameron, Ji Cheng, Heather Clark, Tim Doherty, Nora Fayed, Jan-Willem Gorter, Margaret Herridge, Mary Khetani, Kusum Menon, Jamie Seabrook, Racquel Simpson, Lehana Thabane
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate functional outcomes and evaluate predictors of an unfavorable functional outcome in children following a critical illness. DESIGN: Prospective observational longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Two tertiary care, Canadian PICUs: McMaster Children's Hospital and London Health Sciences. PATIENTS: Children 12 months to 17 years old, admitted to PICU for at least 48 hours with one or more organ dysfunction, were eligible...
February 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334853/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-use-in-pediatric-neurologic-disorders-at-a-tertiary-care-center-a-10-year-review
#16
Sonika Agarwal, Jake R Keller, Chloe E Nunneley, Eyal Muscal, Michael C Braun, Poyyapakkam Srivaths, Timothy E Lotze
Pediatric neurologic conditions requiring therapeutic plasma exchange are rare in children and literature is sparse. The study aims to determine the outcomes, safety, and feasibility of therapeutic plasma exchange treatment in pediatric neurologic disorders. This retrospective analysis looked at the outcomes and safety of therapeutic plasma exchange in children (n = 50) with neurologic conditions. Patient age ranged <1 to 19 years old with a mean of 10.35 years. Of the 50 children treated with plasmapheresis, 26 patients received inpatient rehabilitation...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243974/pediatric-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-or-compression-in-the-setting-of-skull-fractures-from-blunt-head-trauma
#17
David S Hersh, Nir Shimony, Mari L Groves, Gerald F Tuite, George I Jallo, Ann Liu, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Thierry A G M Huisman, Ryan J Felling, Joseph A Kufera, Edward S Ahn
OBJECTIVE Pediatric cerebral venous sinus thrombosis has been previously described in the setting of blunt head trauma; however, the population demographics, risk factors for thrombosis, and the risks and benefits of detection and treatment in this patient population are poorly defined. Furthermore, few reports differentiate between different forms of sinus pathology. A series of pediatric patients with skull fractures who underwent venous imaging and were diagnosed with intrinsic cerebral venous sinus thrombosis or extrinsic sinus compression is presented...
March 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089196/immediate-effect-of-a-functional-wrist-orthosis-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-or-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak, Natasha Lannin, Claire Galea
STUDY DESIGN: Two-group randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Upper limb orthoses worn during functional tasks are commonly used in pediatric neurologic rehabilitation, despite a paucity of high-level evidence. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to investigate if a customized functional wrist orthosis, when placed on the limb, leads to an immediate improvement in hand function for children with cerebral palsy or brain injury...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930814/neurologic-and-functional-morbidity-in-critically-ill-children-with-bronchiolitis
#19
Steven L Shein, Katherine N Slain, Jason A Clayton, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta, Deanne Wilson-Costello
OBJECTIVES: Neurologic and functional morbidity occurs in ~30% of PICU survivors, and young children may be at particular risk. Bronchiolitis is a common indication for PICU admission among children less than 2 years old. Two single-center studies suggest that greater than 10-25% of critical bronchiolitis survivors have neurologic and functional morbidity but those estimates are 20 years old. We aimed to estimate the burden of neurologic and functional morbidity among more recent bronchiolitis patients using two large, multicenter databases...
December 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930813/temporal-changes-in-prescription-of-neuropharmacologic-drugs-and-utilization-of-resources-related-to-neurologic-morbidity-in-mechanically-ventilated-children-with-bronchiolitis
#20
Steven L Shein, Katherine Slain, Deanne Wilson-Costello, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta
OBJECTIVES: Critically ill children with bronchiolitis may require neuropharmacologic medications and support for neuro-functional sequelae, but current practices are not well described. We aimed to describe recent trends in neuropharmacology and utilization of neuro-rehabilitation resources in mechanically ventilated children with bronchiolitis. DESIGN: Analysis of the multicenter Pediatric Health Information System database. SETTING: Forty-seven U...
December 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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