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(Andrew Rundle)

Alexander X Lo, Andrew G Rundle, David Buys, Richard E Kennedy, Patricia Sawyer, Richard M Allman, Cynthia J Brown
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics, life-space mobility, and incident falls in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study with a baseline in-home assessment and 6-month telephone follow-up. SETTING: Central Alabama. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older recruited from a random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (N = 1,000)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Victoria Frye, Vijay Nandi, James E Egan, Magdalena Cerda, Andrew Rundle, James W Quinn, Daniel Sheehan, Danielle C Ompad, Hong Van Tieu, Emily Greene, Beryl Koblin
Identifying neighborhood characteristics associated with sexual HIV risk behavior among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) living in urban areas may inform the development of policies and programs to reduce risk and subsequently HIV prevalence in urban areas. New York City M2M was a cross-sectional study designed to identify neighborhood-level characteristics associated with sexual risk behaviors among MSM living in New York City. This paper presents results of an analysis of neighborhood-level indicators of three distinct social theories of influence of the neighborhood environment on human behavior: physical disorder, social disorganization and social norms theories...
November 5, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Steven M Jorgensen, Andrew J Vercnocke, David S Rundle, Philip H Butler, Cynthia H McCollough, Erik L Ritman
We assessed the performance of a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-based Medipix3RX x-ray detector as a candidate for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging. This technology was developed at CERN for the Large Hadron Collider. It features an array of 128 by 128, 110 micrometer square pixels, each with eight simultaneous threshold counters, five of which utilize real-time charge summing, significantly reducing the charge sharing between contiguous pixels. Pixel response curves were created by imaging a range of x-ray intensities by varying x-ray tube current and by varying the exposure time with fixed x-ray current...
August 28, 2016: Proceedings of SPIE
M Teresa de la Morena, David Leonard, Troy R Torgerson, Otavio Cabral-Marques, Mary Slatter, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Sharat Chandra, Luis Murguia-Favela, Francisco Bonilla, Maria Kanariou, Rongras Damrongwatanasuk, Caroline Y Kuo, Christopher C Dvorak, Isabelle Meyts, Karin Chen, Lisa Kobrynski, Neena Kapoor, Darko Richter, Daniela DiGiovanni, Fatima Dhalla, Evangelia Farmaki, Carsten Speckmann, Teresa Espanol, Anna Shcherbina, Celine Hanson, Jiri Litzman, John Routes, Melanie Wong, Ramsay Fuleihan, Suranjith L Seneviratne, Trudy N Small, Ales Janda, Liliana Bezrodnik, Reinhard Seger, Andrea Gomez Raccio, J David M Edgar, Janet Chou, Jordan K Abbott, Joris van Montfrans, Luis Ignacio Gonzalez-Granado, Nancy Bunin, Necil Kutukculer, Paul Gray, Gisela Seminario, Srdjan Pasic, Victor Aquino, Christian Wysocki, Hassan Abolhassani, Eyal Grunebaum, Morna Dorsey, Beatriz Tavares Costa Carvalho, Antonio Condino-Neto, Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles, Alan P Knutsen, John Sleasman, Helen Chapel, Hans D Ochs, Alexandra Filipovich, Mort Cowan, Andrew Gennery, Andrew Cant, Luigi D Notarangelo, Chaim Roifman
BACKGROUND: X-linked hyper IgM syndrome (XHIGM) is a primary immunodeficiency with high morbidity and mortality compared to normal individuals. Hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) has been considered a curative therapy, but the procedure has inherent complications, and may not be available for all patients. OBJECTIVES: We sought to collect data on the clinical presentation, treatment, and follow-up of a large sample of patients with XHIGM in order to (1) compare long-term overall survival and general well-being of patients treated with or without HCT along with clinical factors associated with mortality, and (2) summarize clinical practice and risk factors in the subgroup of patients treated with HCT...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, Kyung Hwa Jung, Andrew G Rundle, Lori A Hoepner, Joshua B Bautista, Frederica P Perera, Steven N Chillrud, Matthew S Perzanowski, Rachel L Miller
OBJECTIVE: Regular physical activity can improve cardiopulmonary health; however, increased respiratory rates and tidal volumes during activity may increase the effective internal dose of air pollution exposure. Our objective was to investigate the impact of black carbon (BC) measured by personal sampler on the relationship between physical activity and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), a marker of airway inflammation. We hypothesized that higher personal BC would attenuate the protective effect of physical activity on airway inflammation...
November 2016: Environmental Research
Matthew M Graziose, Heewon Lee Gray, James Quinn, Andrew G Rundle, Isobel R Contento, Pamela A Koch
INTRODUCTION: The benefits of physical activity for health and well-being are well established, yet built environment characteristics in the school neighborhood may constrain students' ability to engage in physical activity and contribute to the considerable variation in physical activity among students at different schools. METHODS: Baseline data from the Food, Health and Choices obesity prevention trial were used to create multilevel linear models of the relationship between fifth-grade students' (n = 952) physical activity and related psychosocial factors and characteristics of the built environment of the school's neighborhood (park access, public transportation density, total crime, and walkability), controlling for age and body mass index z scores...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Heather Greenlee, Zaixing Shi, Christine L Sardo Molmenti, Andrew Rundle, Wei Yann Tsai
PURPOSE: Obesity after a diagnosis of specific cancers has been associated with worse prognosis. We examined the trend in obesity prevalence among cancer survivors in the United States in the past two decades and compared trends with those of adults without a history of cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a population-based nationally representative sample of 538,969 noninstitutionalized US adults 18 to 85 years old with and without a history of cancer who participated in annual cross-sectional National Health Interview Surveys from 1997 to 2014...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Andrew G Rundle, Steven B Heymsfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Lori A Hoepner, Robin M Whyatt, Elizabeth M Widen, Abeer Hassoun, Sharon E Oberfield, Noel T Mueller, Diurka Diaz, Antonia M Calafat, Frederica P Perera, Andrew G Rundle
BACKGROUND: Early-life exposure to the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA) may contribute to the development of obesity. Prospective evidence in humans on this topic is limited. OBJECTIVES: We examined prenatal and early-childhood BPA exposures in relation to childhood measures of adiposity in the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) New York City birth cohort. METHODS: BPA concentrations were measured in prenatal (n = 375) and child ages 3 (n = 408) and 5 years (n = 518) spot urine samples...
October 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Jeff Goldsmith, Xinyue Liu, Judith S Jacobson, Andrew Rundle
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Continuous monitoring of activity using accelerometers and other wearable devices provides objective, unbiased measurement of physical activity in minute-by-minute or finer resolutions. Accelerometers have already been widely deployed in studies of healthy aging, recovery of function after heart surgery, and other outcomes. Although common analyses of accelerometer data focus on single summary variables, such as the total or average activity count, there is growing interest in the determinants of diurnal profiles of activity...
September 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Qixuan Chen, Xiaobo Zhong, Luis Acosta, Adnan Divjan, Andrew Rundle, Inge F Goldstein, Rachel L Miller, Matthew S Perzanowski
BACKGROUND: Specific patterns of allergic sensitization to common allergens may provide relevant clinical insight into asthma risk. OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns of allergic sensitization based on multiple individual allergens and link these to current and persistent asthma using baseline and 3-year follow-up data. METHODS: Children 7 to 8 years old with (n = 196) and without (n = 136) asthma from the New York City Neighborhood Asthma and Allergy Study were studied...
March 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Stephen J Mooney, Daniel M Sheehan, Garazi Zulaika, Andrew G Rundle, Kevin McGill, Melika R Behrooz, Gina Schellenbaum Lovasi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate accuracy of distance measures computed from Global Positioning System (GPS) points in New York City. METHODS: We performed structured walks along urban streets carrying Globalsat DG-100 GPS Data Logger devices in highest and lowest quartiles of building height and tree canopy cover. We used ArcGIS version 10.1 to select walks and compute the straight-line distance (Geographic Information System-measured) and sum of distances between consecutive GPS waypoints (GPS-measured) for each walk...
April 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Benjamin A Rybicki, Andrew Rundle, Oleksandr N Kryvenko, Nicoleta Mitrache, Kieu C Do, Michelle Jankowski, Dhananjay A Chitale, Sheri Trudeau, Steven A Belinsky, Deliang Tang
In DNA from prostate tumors, methylation patterns in gene promoter regions can be a biomarker for disease progression. It remains unclear whether methylation patterns in benign prostate tissue--prior to malignant transformation--may provide similar prognostic information. To determine whether early methylation events predict prostate cancer outcomes, we evaluated histologically benign prostate specimens from 353 men who eventually developed prostate cancer and received "definitive" treatment [radical prostatectomy (58%) or radiation therapy (42%)]...
June 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Andrea E Cassidy-Bushrow, Ganesa Wegienka, Suzanne Havstad, Albert M Levin, Susan V Lynch, Dennis R Ownby, Andrew G Rundle, Kimberley J Woodcroft, Edward M Zoratti, Christine Cole Johnson
OBJECTIVE: African American children are at higher risk of obesity than White children and African American women are more likely to undergo caesarean-section (CS) delivery than White women. CS is associated with childhood obesity; however, little is known whether this relationship varies by race. We examined if the association of CS with obesity at age 2 years varied by race. DESIGN: Longitudinal birth cohort. SETTING: Birth cohort conducted in a health care system in metropolitan Detroit, Michigan with follow-up at age 2 years...
2016: Ethnicity & Disease
Michael D M Bader, Stephen J Mooney, Andrew G Rundle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Stephen J Mooney, Charles J DiMaggio, Gina S Lovasi, Kathryn M Neckerman, Michael D M Bader, Julien O Teitler, Daniel M Sheehan, Darby W Jack, Andrew G Rundle
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate an information technology-based approach to assess characteristics of streets and intersections associated with injuries that is less costly and time-consuming than location-based studies of pedestrian injury. METHODS: We used imagery captured by Google Street View from 2007 to 2011 to assess 9 characteristics of 532 intersections within New York City. We controlled for estimated pedestrian count and estimated the relation between intersections' characteristics and frequency of injurious collisions...
March 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Shakira F Suglia, Rachel C Shelton, Amber Hsiao, Y Claire Wang, Andrew Rundle, Bruce G Link
The continuing obesity epidemic in the USA calls for the examination of antecedents to the well-known risk factors of physical activity and diet. The neighborhood built environment has been extensively studied in relation to obesity noting an increased risk of development and prevalence of obesity in relation to numerous built environment characteristics (lack of green spaces, higher number of fast food restaurants, low walkability indices). The neighborhood social environment, however, has been less extensively studied but is perhaps an equally important component of the neighborhood environment...
February 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Spruha Joshi, Stephen J Mooney, Gary J Kennedy, Ebele O Benjamin, Danielle Ompad, Andrew G Rundle, John R Beard, Magdalena Cerdá
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: physical activity may be beneficial in reducing depression incidence among the elderly. A key unanswered question is whether certain types of physical activity are particularly associated with decreased depression incidence. We examined the relationship between quantity and type of physical activity and subsequent depression using longitudinal data from elderly adults in New York City (NYC). METHODS: we followed 3,497 adults aged 65-75 living in NYC for three years...
January 2016: Age and Ageing
Andrew G Rundle, Daniel M Sheehan, James W Quinn, Katherine Bartley, Donna Eisenhower, Michael M D Bader, Gina S Lovasi, Kathryn M Neckerman
INTRODUCTION: Urban form characteristics intended to support pedestrian activity, collectively referred to as neighborhood walkability, are thought to increase total physical activity. However, little is known about how neighborhood walkability influences utilization of neighborhood space by residents and their overall physical activity. METHODS: Sociodemographic information and data on mobility and physical activity over 1-week periods measured by GPS loggers and accelerometers were collected from 803 residents of New York City between November 2010 and November 2011...
March 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Kyle J Gaulton, Teresa Ferreira, Yeji Lee, Anne Raimondo, Reedik Mägi, Michael E Reschen, Anubha Mahajan, Adam Locke, N William Rayner, Neil Robertson, Robert A Scott, Inga Prokopenko, Laura J Scott, Todd Green, Thomas Sparso, Dorothee Thuillier, Loic Yengo, Harald Grallert, Simone Wahl, Mattias Frånberg, Rona J Strawbridge, Hans Kestler, Himanshu Chheda, Lewin Eisele, Stefan Gustafsson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Lu Qi, Lennart C Karssen, Elisabeth M van Leeuwen, Sara M Willems, Man Li, Han Chen, Christian Fuchsberger, Phoenix Kwan, Clement Ma, Michael Linderman, Yingchang Lu, Soren K Thomsen, Jana K Rundle, Nicola L Beer, Martijn van de Bunt, Anil Chalisey, Hyun Min Kang, Benjamin F Voight, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Peter Almgren, Damiano Baldassarre, Beverley Balkau, Rafn Benediktsson, Matthias Blüher, Heiner Boeing, Lori L Bonnycastle, Erwin P Bottinger, Noël P Burtt, Jason Carey, Guillaume Charpentier, Peter S Chines, Marilyn C Cornelis, David J Couper, Andrew T Crenshaw, Rob M van Dam, Alex S F Doney, Mozhgan Dorkhan, Sarah Edkins, Johan G Eriksson, Tonu Esko, Elodie Eury, João Fadista, Jason Flannick, Pierre Fontanillas, Caroline Fox, Paul W Franks, Karl Gertow, Christian Gieger, Bruna Gigante, Omri Gottesman, George B Grant, Niels Grarup, Christopher J Groves, Maija Hassinen, Christian T Have, Christian Herder, Oddgeir L Holmen, Astradur B Hreidarsson, Steve E Humphries, David J Hunter, Anne U Jackson, Anna Jonsson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, Wen-Hong L Kao, Nicola D Kerrison, Leena Kinnunen, Norman Klopp, Augustine Kong, Peter Kovacs, Peter Kraft, Jasmina Kravic, Cordelia Langford, Karin Leander, Liming Liang, Peter Lichtner, Cecilia M Lindgren, Eero Lindholm, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Jian'an Luan, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Olga McLeod, Julia Meyer, Evelin Mihailov, Ghazala Mirza, Thomas W Mühleisen, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Carmen Navarro, Markus M Nöthen, Nikolay N Oskolkov, Katharine R Owen, Domenico Palli, Sonali Pechlivanis, Leena Peltonen, John R B Perry, Carl G P Platou, Michael Roden, Douglas Ruderfer, Denis Rybin, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Bengt Sennblad, Gunnar Sigurðsson, Alena Stančáková, Gerald Steinbach, Petter Storm, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Qi Sun, Barbara Thorand, Emmi Tikkanen, Anke Tonjes, Joseph Trakalo, Elena Tremoli, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Roman Wennauer, Steven Wiltshire, Andrew R Wood, Eleftheria Zeggini, Ian Dunham, Ewan Birney, Lorenzo Pasquali, Jorge Ferrer, Ruth J F Loos, Josée Dupuis, Jose C Florez, Eric Boerwinkle, James S Pankow, Cornelia van Duijn, Eric Sijbrands, James B Meigs, Frank B Hu, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Kari Stefansson, Timo A Lakka, Rainer Rauramaa, Michael Stumvoll, Nancy L Pedersen, Lars Lind, Sirkka M Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Eeva Korpi-Hyövälti, Timo E Saaristo, Juha Saltevo, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Andres Metspalu, Raimund Erbel, Karl-Heinz Jöcke, Susanne Moebus, Samuli Ripatti, Veikko Salomaa, Erik Ingelsson, Bernhard O Boehm, Richard N Bergman, Francis S Collins, Karen L Mohlke, Heikki Koistinen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Kristian Hveem, Inger Njølstad, Panagiotis Deloukas, Peter J Donnelly, Timothy M Frayling, Andrew T Hattersley, Ulf de Faire, Anders Hamsten, Thomas Illig, Annette Peters, Stephane Cauchi, Rob Sladek, Philippe Froguel, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Andrew D Morris, Collin N A Palmer, Sekar Kathiresan, Olle Melander, Peter M Nilsson, Leif C Groop, Inês Barroso, Claudia Langenberg, Nicholas J Wareham, Christopher A O'Callaghan, Anna L Gloyn, David Altshuler, Michael Boehnke, Tanya M Teslovich, Mark I McCarthy, Andrew P Morris
We performed fine mapping of 39 established type 2 diabetes (T2D) loci in 27,206 cases and 57,574 controls of European ancestry. We identified 49 distinct association signals at these loci, including five mapping in or near KCNQ1. 'Credible sets' of the variants most likely to drive each distinct signal mapped predominantly to noncoding sequence, implying that association with T2D is mediated through gene regulation. Credible set variants were enriched for overlap with FOXA2 chromatin immunoprecipitation binding sites in human islet and liver cells, including at MTNR1B, where fine mapping implicated rs10830963 as driving T2D association...
December 2015: Nature Genetics
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