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(Andrew Rundle)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154108/contextual-correlates-of-physical-activity-among-older-adults-a-neighborhood-environment-wide-association-study-ne-was
#1
Stephen J Mooney, Spruha Joshi, Magdalena Cerdá, Gary J Kennedy, John R Beard, Andrew G Rundle
Background Few older adults achieve recommended physical activity levels. We conducted a 'Neighborhood Environment-Wide Association Study (NE-WAS)' of neighborhood influences on physical activity among older adults, analogous, in a genetic context, to a Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS). Methods Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and socio-demographic data were collected via telephone survey of 3,497 residents of New York City aged 65-75. Using Geographic Information Systems, we created 337 variables describing each participant's residential neighborhood's built, social, and economic context...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116590/relationship-between-recreational-resources-in-the-school-neighborhood-and-changes-in-fitness-in-new-york-city-public-school-students
#2
Carla P Bezold, James H Stark, Andrew Rundle, Kevin Konty, Sophia E Day, James Quinn, Kathryn Neckerman, Ana V Diez Roux
Physical fitness in children has many beneficial effects, including the maintenance of a healthy weight. The built environment may influence youths' physical fitness by encouraging physical activity. This paper assessed whether higher density of parks, playgrounds, and sports facilities around a school is related to improvements in fitness in middle school boys and girls. Fitness scores and other student covariates collected as part of NYC FITNESSGRAM between the 2006-2007 and 2010-2011 school years were linked with school neighborhood data on characteristics of the built environment for NYC public school students in grades 6-8...
February 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108872/neighborhood-disorder-and-physical-activity-among-older-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Stephen J Mooney, Spruha Joshi, Magdalena Cerdá, Gary J Kennedy, John R Beard, Andrew G Rundle
Neighborhood physical disorder-the visual indications of neighborhood deterioration-may inhibit outdoor physical activity, particularly among older adults. However, few previous studies of the association between neighborhood disorder and physical activity have focused on this sensitive population group, and most have been cross-sectional. We examined the relationship between neighborhood physical disorder and physical activity, measured using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), in a three-wave longitudinal study of 3497 New York City residents aged 65-75 at baseline weighted to be representative of the older adult population of New York City...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049071/pathways-from-neighborhood-poverty-to-depression-among-older-adults
#4
Spruha Joshi, Stephen J Mooney, Andrew G Rundle, James W Quinn, John R Beard, Magdalena Cerdá
The pathways through which neighborhood poverty can affect resident depression are still unknown. We investigated mechanisms through which neighborhood poverty may influence depression among older adults. Participants were drawn from the New York City Neighborhood and Mental Health in the Elderly Study II, a 3-wave study of adults aged 65-75 (n=3,497) at baseline. Neighborhood poverty and homicide were associated with depressive symptoms at follow-up waves (RR:1.20, 95%CI: 1.05, 1.36; RR: 1.09, 95%CI: 1.02, 1...
January 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987434/disparities-in-self-rated-health-across-generations-and-through-the-life-course
#5
Bruce G Link, Ezra S Susser, Pam Factor-Litvak, Dana March, Katrina L Kezios, Gina S Lovasi, Andrew G Rundle, Shakira F Suglia, Kim M Fader, Howard F Andrews, Eileen Johnson, Piera M Cirillo, Barbara A Cohn
Extensive evidence leads us to expect that health disparities by race and socioeconomic status found in one generation might be reproduced in the next. To the extent that this occurs it is important to assess life course processes responsible for the reproduction. Prospective evidence concerning such life course processes is hard to come by as it requires long-term follow-up of individuals from childhood through adult life. We present data from the Child Health and Development Disparities study that provides evidence relevant to this issue with respect to self-rated health...
February 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869994/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-life-space-mobility-are-associated-with-incident-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#6
Alexander X Lo, Andrew G Rundle, David Buys, Richard E Kennedy, Patricia Sawyer, Richard M Allman, Cynthia J Brown
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics, life-space mobility, and incident falls in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study with a baseline in-home assessment and 6-month telephone follow-up. SETTING: Central Alabama. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older recruited from a random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (N = 1,000)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817101/associations-among-neighborhood-characteristics-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-black-and-white-msm-living-in-a-major-urban-area
#7
Victoria Frye, Vijay Nandi, James E Egan, Magdalena Cerda, Andrew Rundle, James W Quinn, Daniel Sheehan, Danielle C Ompad, Hong Van Tieu, Emily Greene, Beryl Koblin
Identifying neighborhood characteristics associated with sexual HIV risk behavior among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) living in urban areas may inform the development of policies and programs to reduce risk and subsequently HIV prevalence in urban areas. New York City M2M was a cross-sectional study designed to identify neighborhood-level characteristics associated with sexual risk behaviors among MSM living in New York City. This paper presents results of an analysis of neighborhood-level indicators of three distinct social theories of influence of the neighborhood environment on human behavior: physical disorder, social disorganization and social norms theories...
November 5, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795606/evaluation-of-a-photon-counting-medipix3rx-czt-spectral-x-ray-detector
#8
Steven M Jorgensen, Andrew J Vercnocke, David S Rundle, Philip H Butler, Cynthia H McCollough, Erik L Ritman
We assessed the performance of a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-based Medipix3RX x-ray detector as a candidate for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging. This technology was developed at CERN for the Large Hadron Collider. It features an array of 128 by 128, 110 micrometer square pixels, each with eight simultaneous threshold counters, five of which utilize real-time charge summing, significantly reducing the charge sharing between contiguous pixels. Pixel response curves were created by imaging a range of x-ray intensities by varying x-ray tube current and by varying the exposure time with fixed x-ray current...
August 28, 2016: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697500/long-term-outcomes-of-176-patients-with-x-linked-hyper-igm-syndrome-treated-with-or-without-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#9
M Teresa de la Morena, David Leonard, Troy R Torgerson, Otavio Cabral-Marques, Mary Slatter, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Sharat Chandra, Luis Murguia-Favela, Francisco A Bonilla, Maria Kanariou, Rongras Damrongwatanasuk, Caroline Y Kuo, Christopher C Dvorak, Isabelle Meyts, Karin Chen, Lisa Kobrynski, Neena Kapoor, Darko Richter, Daniela DiGiovanni, Fatima Dhalla, Evangelia Farmaki, Carsten Speckmann, Teresa Español, Anna Shcherbina, Imelda Celine Hanson, Jiri Litzman, John M Routes, Melanie Wong, Ramsay Fuleihan, Suranjith L Seneviratne, Trudy N Small, Ales Janda, Liliana Bezrodnik, Reinhard Seger, Andrea Gomez Raccio, J David M Edgar, Janet Chou, Jordan K Abbott, Joris van Montfrans, Luis Ignacio González-Granado, Nancy Bunin, Necil Kutukculer, Paul Gray, Gisela Seminario, Srdjan Pasic, Victor Aquino, Christian Wysocki, Hassan Abolhassani, Morna Dorsey, Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles, Alan P Knutsen, John Sleasman, Beatriz Tavares Costa Carvalho, Antonio Condino-Neto, Eyal Grunebaum, Helen Chapel, Hans D Ochs, Alexandra Filipovich, Mort Cowan, Andrew Gennery, Andrew Cant, Luigi D Notarangelo, Chaim M Roifman
BACKGROUND: X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIGM) is a primary immunodeficiency with high morbidity and mortality compared with those seen in healthy subjects. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has been considered a curative therapy, but the procedure has inherent complications and might not be available for all patients. OBJECTIVES: We sought to collect data on the clinical presentation, treatment, and follow-up of a large sample of patients with XHIGM to (1) compare long-term overall survival and general well-being of patients treated with or without HCT along with clinical factors associated with mortality and (2) summarize clinical practice and risk factors in the subgroup of patients treated with HCT...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694044/physical-activity-black-carbon-exposure-and-airway-inflammation-in-an-urban-adolescent-cohort
#10
Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, Kyung Hwa Jung, Andrew G Rundle, Lori A Hoepner, Joshua B Bautista, Frederica P Perera, Steven N Chillrud, Matthew S Perzanowski, Rachel L Miller
OBJECTIVE: Regular physical activity can improve cardiopulmonary health; however, increased respiratory rates and tidal volumes during activity may increase the effective internal dose of air pollution exposure. Our objective was to investigate the impact of black carbon (BC) measured by personal sampler on the relationship between physical activity and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), a marker of airway inflammation. We hypothesized that higher personal BC would attenuate the protective effect of physical activity on airway inflammation...
November 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536902/association-between-the-built-environment-in-school-neighborhoods-with-physical-activity-among-new-york-city-children-2012
#11
Matthew M Graziose, Heewon Lee Gray, James Quinn, Andrew G Rundle, Isobel R Contento, Pamela A Koch
INTRODUCTION: The benefits of physical activity for health and well-being are well established, yet built environment characteristics in the school neighborhood may constrain students' ability to engage in physical activity and contribute to the considerable variation in physical activity among students at different schools. METHODS: Baseline data from the Food, Health and Choices obesity prevention trial were used to create multilevel linear models of the relationship between fifth-grade students' (n = 952) physical activity and related psychosocial factors and characteristics of the built environment of the school's neighborhood (park access, public transportation density, total crime, and walkability), controlling for age and body mass index z scores...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458295/trends-in-obesity-prevalence-in-adults-with-a-history-of-cancer-results-from-the-us-national-health-interview-survey-1997-to-2014
#12
Heather Greenlee, Zaixing Shi, Christine L Sardo Molmenti, Andrew Rundle, Wei Yann Tsai
PURPOSE: Obesity after a diagnosis of specific cancers has been associated with worse prognosis. We examined the trend in obesity prevalence among cancer survivors in the United States in the past two decades and compared trends with those of adults without a history of cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a population-based nationally representative sample of 538,969 noninstitutionalized US adults 18 to 85 years old with and without a history of cancer who participated in annual cross-sectional National Health Interview Surveys from 1997 to 2014...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218628/can-walkable-urban-design-play-a-role-in-reducing-the-incidence-of-obesity-related-conditions
#13
EDITORIAL
Andrew G Rundle, Steven B Heymsfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187982/bisphenol-a-and-adiposity-in-an-inner-city-birth-cohort
#14
Lori A Hoepner, Robin M Whyatt, Elizabeth M Widen, Abeer Hassoun, Sharon E Oberfield, Noel T Mueller, Diurka Diaz, Antonia M Calafat, Frederica P Perera, Andrew G Rundle
BACKGROUND: Early-life exposure to the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA) may contribute to the development of obesity. Prospective evidence in humans on this topic is limited. OBJECTIVES: We examined prenatal and early-childhood BPA exposures in relation to childhood measures of adiposity in the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) New York City birth cohort. METHODS: BPA concentrations were measured in prenatal (n = 375) and child ages 3 (n = 408) and 5 years (n = 518) spot urine samples...
October 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183122/new-insights-into-activity-patterns-in-children-found-using-functional-data-analyses
#15
Jeff Goldsmith, Xinyue Liu, Judith S Jacobson, Andrew Rundle
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Continuous monitoring of activity using accelerometers and other wearable devices provides objective, unbiased measurement of physical activity in minute-by-minute or finer resolutions. Accelerometers have already been widely deployed in studies of healthy aging, recovery of function after heart surgery, and other outcomes. Although common analyses of accelerometer data focus on single summary variables, such as the total or average activity count, there is growing interest in the determinants of diurnal profiles of activity...
September 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26945495/allergic-sensitization-patterns-identified-through-latent-class-analysis-among-children-with-and-without-asthma
#16
Qixuan Chen, Xiaobo Zhong, Luis Acosta, Adnan Divjan, Andrew Rundle, Inge F Goldstein, Rachel L Miller, Matthew S Perzanowski
BACKGROUND: Specific patterns of allergic sensitization to common allergens may provide relevant clinical insight into asthma risk. OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns of allergic sensitization based on multiple individual allergens and link these to current and persistent asthma using baseline and 3-year follow-up data. METHODS: Children 7 to 8 years old with (n = 196) and without (n = 136) asthma from the New York City Neighborhood Asthma and Allergy Study were studied...
March 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890178/quantifying-distance-overestimation-from-global-positioning-system-in-urban-spaces
#17
Stephen J Mooney, Daniel M Sheehan, Garazi Zulaika, Andrew G Rundle, Kevin McGill, Melika R Behrooz, Gina Schellenbaum Lovasi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate accuracy of distance measures computed from Global Positioning System (GPS) points in New York City. METHODS: We performed structured walks along urban streets carrying Globalsat DG-100 GPS Data Logger devices in highest and lowest quartiles of building height and tree canopy cover. We used ArcGIS version 10.1 to select walks and compute the straight-line distance (Geographic Information System-measured) and sum of distances between consecutive GPS waypoints (GPS-measured) for each walk...
April 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26860439/methylation-in-benign-prostate-and-risk-of-disease-progression-in-men-subsequently-diagnosed-with-prostate-cancer
#18
Benjamin A Rybicki, Andrew Rundle, Oleksandr N Kryvenko, Nicoleta Mitrache, Kieu C Do, Michelle Jankowski, Dhananjay A Chitale, Sheri Trudeau, Steven A Belinsky, Deliang Tang
In DNA from prostate tumors, methylation patterns in gene promoter regions can be a biomarker for disease progression. It remains unclear whether methylation patterns in benign prostate tissue--prior to malignant transformation--may provide similar prognostic information. To determine whether early methylation events predict prostate cancer outcomes, we evaluated histologically benign prostate specimens from 353 men who eventually developed prostate cancer and received "definitive" treatment [radical prostatectomy (58%) or radiation therapy (42%)]...
June 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26843797/race-specific-association-of-caesarean-section-delivery-with-body-size-at-age-2-years
#19
Andrea E Cassidy-Bushrow, Ganesa Wegienka, Suzanne Havstad, Albert M Levin, Susan V Lynch, Dennis R Ownby, Andrew G Rundle, Kimberley J Woodcroft, Edward M Zoratti, Christine Cole Johnson
OBJECTIVE: African American children are at higher risk of obesity than White children and African American women are more likely to undergo caesarean-section (CS) delivery than White women. CS is associated with childhood obesity; however, little is known whether this relationship varies by race. We examined if the association of CS with obesity at age 2 years varied by race. DESIGN: Longitudinal birth cohort. SETTING: Birth cohort conducted in a health care system in metropolitan Detroit, Michigan with follow-up at age 2 years...
2016: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26794375/protecting-personally-identifiable-information-when-using-online-geographic-tools-for-public-health-research
#20
EDITORIAL
Michael D M Bader, Stephen J Mooney, Andrew G Rundle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: American Journal of Public Health
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