keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical gait analysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638854/autoimmune-episodic-ataxia-in-patients-with-anti-caspr2-antibody-associated-encephalitis
#1
Bastien Joubert, Florent Gobert, Laure Thomas, Margaux Saint-Martin, Virginie Desestret, Philippe Convers, Véronique Rogemond, Géraldine Picard, François Ducray, Dimitri Psimaras, Jean-Christophe Antoine, Jean-Yves Delattre, Jérôme Honnorat
OBJECTIVE: To report paroxysmal episodes of cerebellar ataxia in a patient with anti-contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) antibody-related autoimmune encephalitis and to search for similar paroxysmal ataxia in a cohort of patients with anti-CASPR2 antibody-associated autoimmune encephalitis. METHODS: We report a patient with paroxysmal episodes of cerebellar ataxia observed during autoimmune encephalitis with anti-CASPR2 antibodies. In addition, clinical analysis was performed in a retrospective cohort of 37 patients with anti-CASPR2 antibodies to search for transient episodes of ataxia...
July 2017: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638365/motor-impairments-in-transient-ischemic-attack-increase-the-odds-of-a-subsequent-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#2
Neha Lodha, Jane Harrell, Stephan Eisenschenk, Evangelos A Christou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transient ischemic attack (TIA) increases the risk for a subsequent stroke. Typical symptoms include motor weakness, gait disturbance, and loss of coordination. The association between the presence of motor impairments during a TIA and the chances of a subsequent stroke has not been examined. In the current meta-analysis, we examine whether the odds of a stroke are greater in TIA individuals who experience motor impairments as compared with those who do not experience motor impairments...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634449/electromyography-data-processing-impacts-muscle-synergies-during-gait-for-unimpaired-children-and-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Benjamin R Shuman, Michael H Schwartz, Katherine M Steele
Muscle synergies calculated from electromyography (EMG) data identify weighted groups of muscles activated together during functional tasks. Research has shown that fewer synergies are required to describe EMG data of individuals with neurologic impairments. When considering potential clinical applications of synergies, understanding how EMG data processing impacts results and clinical interpretation is important. The aim of this study was to evaluate how EMG signal processing impacts synergy outputs during gait...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633788/fluoroscopic-and-gait-analyses-for-the-functional-performance-of%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-custom-made-total-talonavicular-replacement
#4
Claudio Belvedere, Matteo Cadossi, Antonio Mazzotti, Sandro Giannini, Alberto Leardini
The present study evaluated the restoration of joint function in a special clinical case: a professional rock climber who underwent an original total talonavicular replacement with a custom-made prosthesis after a complex articular fracture. Full body gait analysis and 3-dimensional joint kinematics using single-plane fluoroscopy were performed on the same day at the 30-month follow-up examination. Gait analysis was performed using stereophotogrammetric, dynamometric, electromyographic, and baropodometric systems...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632106/speed-interactive-treadmill-training-using-smartphone-based-motion-tracking-technology-improves-gait-in-stroke-patients
#5
Junyoung Lee, Kyeongjin Lee, Changho Song
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of speed-interactive treadmill training (SITT) using smartphone-based motion tracking technology on gait in stroke patients. Thirty-four chronic stroke patients were randomly divided into a SITT group (n = 18) and a standard treadmill training (control) group (n = 16). The SITT group underwent smartphone-based SSIT while the control group underwent standard treadmill training. Both groups performed the training for 35 min per session, 3 times per week, for 6 weeks...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628523/effectiveness-of-surgery-for-adults-with-hallux-valgus-deformity-a-systematic-review
#6
Jitka Klugarova, Victoria Hood, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Miloslav Klugar, Jana Mareckova, Zuzana Kelnarova
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus (HV) is a common foot deformity. In severe stages of this condition, surgery is often necessary. Currently, there is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of surgery over conservative treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to establish the effectiveness of surgery compared to conservatory management for adults with HV. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review included adults (18 years or over) with HV deformity, excluding adults with neurological problems causing foot deformities, for example, cerebral palsy, neuropathy, stroke and multiple sclerosis...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623760/gait-dynamics-in-pisa-syndrome-and-camptocormia-the-role-of-stride-length-and-hip-kinematics
#7
C Tramonti, S Di Martino, E Unti, D Frosini, U Bonuccelli, B Rossi, R Ceravolo, C Chisari
This is an observational cross-sectional study evaluating gait dynamics in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) and severe postural deformities, PD without axial deviations and healthy subjects. Ten PS individuals with Pisa syndrome (PS) and nine subjects with Camptocormia (CC) performed 3-D Gait Analysis and were evaluated with walking and balance scales. Correlations with clinical and functional scales were investigated. Spatio-temporal and kinematic data were compared to ten PD subjects without postural deformities (PP) and ten healthy matched individuals (CG)...
June 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622692/motor-deficits-are-independent-of-axonopathy-in-an-alzheimer-s-disease-mouse-model-of-tgcrnd8-mice
#8
Qiuju Yuan, Jian Yang, Wutian Wu, Zhi-Xiu Lin
There have been an increasing number of reports of non-cognitive symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Some symptoms are associated with the loss of motor functions, e.g. gait disturbances, disturbed activity level and balance. Consistent with clinical findings, several AD mouse models harboring amyloid pathology develop motor impairment. Although the factors that contribute to the motor deficits have not yet been determined, it has been suggested that axonopathy is one of the key factors that may contribute to this particular feature of the disease...
June 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619310/dance-for-parkinson-s-the-effects-on-whole-body-co-ordination-during-turning-around
#9
Sophia Hulbert, Ann Ashburn, Lisa Roberts, Geert Verheyden
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ballroom and Latin American dancing classes on turning in people with Parkinson's. DESIGN: This study employed a randomised, controlled, experimental design. SETTING: Dance classes were performed in a community dance centre in Southern England and all assessments took place a gait laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-seven people with mild-moderate Parkinson's participated. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly allocated to receive either 20, 1-h dancing classes over 10 weeks (n=15), or a 'usual care' control group (n=12)...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617842/intra-individual-gait-patterns-across-different-time-scales-as-revealed-by-means-of-a-supervised-learning-model-using-kernel-based-discriminant-regression
#10
Fabian Horst, Alexander Eekhoff, Karl M Newell, Wolfgang I Schöllhorn
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally, gait analysis has been centered on the idea of average behavior and normality. On one hand, clinical diagnoses and therapeutic interventions typically assume that average gait patterns remain constant over time. On the other hand, it is well known that all our movements are accompanied by a certain amount of variability, which does not allow us to make two identical steps. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in the intra-individual gait patterns across different time-scales (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608776/short-term-effectiveness-of-a-community-implemented-falls-prevention-referral-service
#11
Andrea Christoforou, Marietta L van der Linden, Pelagia Koufaki
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the 16-week evidence-based Steady Steps exercise referral scheme at improving physical function, balance confidence, and quality of life (QoL) of community-dwelling older adults at risk of falling. METHOD: A non-experimental, practice-based study involving a retrospective analysis of participant outcomes. Pre-post comparisons of three performance-based measures of gait and balance and of person-reported outcomes for balance confidence and QoL were performed...
June 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607801/quantitative-analysis-of-motor-status-in-parkinson-s-disease-using-wearable-devices-from-methodological-considerations-to-problems-in-clinical-applications
#12
REVIEW
Masahiko Suzuki, Hiroshi Mitoma, Mitsuru Yoneyama
Long-term and objective monitoring is necessary for full assessment of the condition of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent advances in biotechnology have seen the development of various types of wearable (body-worn) sensor systems. By using accelerometers and gyroscopes, these devices can quantify motor abnormalities, including decreased activity and gait disturbances, as well as nonmotor signs, such as sleep disturbances and autonomic dysfunctions in PD. This review discusses methodological problems inherent in wearable devices...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602121/frailty-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-older-persons-the-age-gene-environment-susceptibility-reykjavik-study
#13
Nicola Veronese, Kristin Sigeirsdottir, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Elisa Marques, Didier Chalhoub, Caroline Phillips, Lenore Launer, Stefania Maggi, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris
Frailty is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but the studies available have not considered the presence of sub-clinical atherosclerotic disease as potential confounders. We investigated the association between frailty and the onset of CVD independently of sub-clinical atherosclerotic disease. For this reason, a sample of 3818 older participants participating in the Age, Gene/Environment SusceptibilityReykjavik Study (AGESReykjavik) without CVD at baseline was followed for a median of 8...
June 10, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598292/effects-of-primary-and-recurrent-sacral-chordoma-on-the-motor-and-nociceptive-function-of-hindlimbs-in-rats-an-orthotopic-spine-model
#14
Rachel Sarabia-Estrada, Alejandro Ruiz-Valls, Sagar R Shah, A Karim Ahmed, Alvaro A Ordonez, Fausto J Rodriguez, Hugo Guerrero-Cazares, Ismael Jimenez-Estrada, Esteban Velarde, Betty Tyler, Yuxin Li, Neil A Phillips, C Rory Goodwin, Rory J Petteys, Sanjay K Jain, Gary L Gallia, Ziya L Gokaslan, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Daniel M Sciubba
OBJECTIVE Chordoma is a slow-growing, locally aggressive cancer that is minimally responsive to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy and has high local recurrence rates after resection. Currently, there are no rodent models of spinal chordoma. In the present study, the authors sought to develop and characterize an orthotopic model of human chordoma in an immunocompromised rat. METHODS Thirty-four immunocompromised rats were randomly allocated to 4 study groups; 22 of the 34 rats were engrafted in the lumbar spine with human chordoma...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597471/gabapentin-for-chronic-neuropathic-pain-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
Philip J Wiffen, Sheena Derry, Rae F Bell, Andrew Sc Rice, Thomas Rudolf Tölle, Tudor Phillips, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: Gabapentin is commonly used to treat neuropathic pain (pain due to nerve damage). This review updates a review published in 2014, and previous reviews published in 2011, 2005 and 2000. OBJECTIVES: To assess the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of gabapentin in chronic neuropathic pain in adults. SEARCH METHODS: For this update we searched CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase for randomised controlled trials from January 2014 to January 2017...
June 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596965/the-fibularis-peroneus-tertius-muscle-in-humans-a-meta-analysis-of-anatomical-studies-with-clinical-and-evolutionary-implications
#16
REVIEW
Kaissar Yammine, Mirela Erić
Being considered an exclusive human structure for a long time, fibularis tertius (FT) is believed to have a secondary function of foot dorsiflexion and eversion. This study is an attempt to approach the issue from an anatomical perspective. A systematic literature search identified 35 studies (7601 legs) which met the inclusion criteria. The weighted results of FT presence were as follows: an "adult cadaveric" frequency of 93.2% and a clinical frequency of 80%. The most common FT origin and insertion sites were the distal half of fibula and the base of the 5th metatarsal, respectively...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591061/effects-of-elastic-resistance-exercise-on-body-composition-and-physical-capacity-in-older-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity-a-consort-compliant-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Li-Fong Lin, Shih-Wei Huang, Jan-Wen Ku, Lin-Chuan Chou, Tsan-Hon Liou
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is associated with loss of muscle mass and an increased risk of physical disability in elderly people. However, the prevalence of sarcopenia has increased in obese elderly populations. The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical efficacy of elastic resistance exercise training (RET) in patients with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: This study was conducted at the rehabilitation center of a university-based teaching hospital and was designed as a prospective and randomized controlled trial with an intention-to-treat analysis...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589334/are-there-differences-in-gait-mechanics-in-patients-with-a-fixed-versus-mobile-bearing-total-ankle-arthroplasty-a-randomized-trial
#18
Robin M Queen, Christopher T Franck, Daniel Schmitt, Samuel B Adams
BACKGROUND: Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is an alternative to arthrodesis, but no randomized trial has examined whether a fixed bearing or mobile bearing implant provides improved gait mechanics. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We wished to determine if fixed- or mobile-bearing TAA results in a larger improvement in pain scores and gait mechanics from before surgery to 1 year after surgery, and to quantify differences in outcomes using statistical analysis and report the standardized effect sizes for such comparisons...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588671/multiple-sclerosis-pathology-diagnosis-and-treatments
#19
Wen-Juan Huang, Wei-Wei Chen, Xia Zhang
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex neurodegenerative disease affecting the central nervous system (CNS). The onset of MS has been typically observed in individuals aged from 20 to 40-years, with the female to male ratio of 1:2. MS appears as abrupt onset of focal sensory disturbances that is accompanied by unilateral painless damage of vision, double vision, limb weakness, unsteadiness of gait, and bowel or bladder symptoms. Whereas the exact etiology of the disease is unknown, observational research has suggested genetic and environment influences through an underlined pathophysiology widely believed to be autoimmune in nature...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586243/falls-functioning-and-disability-among-women-with-persistent-symptoms-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#20
Kerri M Winters-Stone, Fay Horak, Peter G Jacobs, Phoebe Trubowitz, Nathan F Dieckmann, Sydnee Stoyles, Sara Faithfull
Purpose Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) may persist after treatment ends and may lead to functional decline and falls. This study compared objective and self-report measures of physical function, gait patterns, and falls between women cancer survivors with and without symptoms of CIPN to identify targets for functional rehabilitation. Methods A secondary data analysis of 512 women cancer survivors (age, 62 ± 6 years; time since diagnosis, 5.8 ± 4.1 years) categorized and compared women self-reporting symptoms of CIPN (CIPN+) with asymptomatic women (CIPN-) on the following: maximal leg strength, timed chair stand, physical function battery, gait characteristics (speed; step number, rate, and length; base of support), self-report physical function and disability, and falls in the past year...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
72493
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"