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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770799/heart-type-fatty-acid-binding-protein-h-fabp-as-a-biomarker-for-acute-myocardial-injury-and-long-term-post-ischemic-prognosis
#1
REVIEW
Xiao-Dong Ye, Yi He, Sheng Wang, Gordon T Wong, Michael G Irwin, Zhengyuan Xia
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a life-threatening event. Even with timely treatment, acute ischemic myocardial injury and ensuing ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) can still be difficult issues to tackle. Apart from radiological and other auxiliary examinations, laboratory tests of applicable cardiac biomarkers are also necessary for early diagnosis and close monitoring of this disorder. Heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), which mainly exists inside cardiomyocytes, has recently emerged as a potentially promising biomarker for myocardial injury...
May 17, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768181/description-of-hot-debriefings-after-in-hospital-cardiac-arrests-in-an-international-pediatric-quality-improvement-collaborative
#2
Todd Sweberg, Anita I Sen, Paul C Mullan, Adam Cheng, Lynda Knight, Jimena Del Castillo, Takanari Ikeyama, Roopa Seshadri, Mary Fran Hazinski, Tia Raymond, Dana E Niles, Vinay Nadkarni, Heather Wolfe
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association recommends debriefing after attempted resuscitation from in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) to improve resuscitation quality and outcomes. This is the first published study detailing the utilization, process and content of hot debriefings after pediatric IHCA. METHODS: Using prospective data from the Pediatric Resuscitation Quality Collaborative (pediRES-Q), we analyzed data from 227 arrests occurring between February 1, 2016, and August 31, 2017...
May 13, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764278/eating-well-living-well-and-weight-management-a-co-produced-semi-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-experienced-by-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#3
A J Doherty, S P Jones, U Chauhan, Jme Gibson
Adults with intellectual disabilities in England experience health inequalities. They are more likely than their non-disabled peers to be obese and at risk of serious medical conditions such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. This semi-qualitative study engaged adults with intellectual disabilities in a co-production process to explore their perceived barriers and facilitators to eating well, living well and weight management. Nineteen participants with intellectual disabilities took part in four focus groups and one wider group discussion...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759615/enhancing-response-in-the-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-patient-the-3b-perspective-bench-bits-and-bedside
#4
REVIEW
Angelo Auricchio, Frits W Prinzen
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an established nonpharmacological treatment for patients with heart failure (HF), reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, and a wide QRS complex. Although the therapy was developed 30 years ago and approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2001, attempts to improve it have never stopped. Such improvements have been facilitated by combining knowledge from bench (basic science), bits (computer modeling), and bedside (clinical studies); these issues are addressed in the present review...
November 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759012/using-the-replicating-effective-programs-framework-to-adapt-a-heart-health-intervention
#5
Jessica E Ramsay, Mary R Janevic, Cainnear K Hogan, Dominique L Edwards, Cathleen M Connell
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. African Americans and people of low socioeconomic status suffer disproportionately from heart disease-related morbidity and mortality. In Detroit, Michigan, a primarily African American and low-income urban area, heart disease mortality is at twice the national rate. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of self-management support interventions in reducing chronic disease burden for older adults, few are adapted for communities most in need...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758356/the-influence-of-placebo-analgesia-manipulations-on-pain-report-the-nociceptive-flexion-reflex-and-autonomic-responses-to-pain
#6
Jamie L Rhudy, Yvette M Güereca, Bethany L Kuhn, Shreela Palit, Magne Arve Flaten
Expectations for pain relief and experience/conditioning are psychological factors that contribute to placebo analgesia, yet few studies have studied the physiological mechanisms underlying their effects. This study randomized 133 participants to 4 groups: an expectation only (E-only) group, a conditioning only (C-only) group, an expectation plus conditioning (E+C) group, and a natural history (NH) control group. Painful electric stimulations were delivered before and after an inert cream was applied to the site of stimulation...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757271/the-isolation-and-culture-of-primary-epicardial-cells-derived-from-human-adult-and-fetal-heart-specimens
#7
Esther Dronkers, Asja T Moerkamp, Tessa van Herwaarden, Marie-José Goumans, Anke M Smits
The epicardium, an epithelial cell layer covering the myocardium, has an essential role during cardiac development, as well as in the repair response of the heart after ischemic injury. When activated, epicardial cells undergo a process known as epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) to provide cells to the regenerating myocardium. Furthermore, the epicardium contributes via secretion of essential paracrine factors. To fully appreciate the regenerative potential of the epicardium, a human cell model is required...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755623/main-considerations-of-cardiogenic-shock-and-its-predictors-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Maria Christiane Valeria Braga Braile-Sternieri, Eliana Migliorini Mustafa, Victor Rodrigues Ribeiro Ferreira, Sofia Braile Sabino, Giovanni Braile Sternieri, Lucia Angelica Buffulin de Faria, Bethina Canaroli Sbardellini, Cibele Olegario Vianna Queiroz, Domingo Marcolino Braile, Idiberto Jose Zotarelli Filho
The mortality rate of post-infarction cardiogenic shock (CS) was 80.0-90.0%. Recent studies show a significant reduction of hospital mortality to approximately 50.0%. CS is defined as systemic tissue hypoperfusion resulting from systolic and/or diastolic heart dysfunction, the main cause of which is acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The main predictors are biological markers such as troponin, CKMB and lactate. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis is performed in order to present and correlate the main literary findings on CS and its evolution with possible changes in biomarkers such as troponin, lactate and CKMB...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754423/imaging-mass-spectrometry-for-characterization-of-atrial-fibrillation-subtypes
#9
Oliver Klein, Thorsten Hanke, Grit Nerbrich, Junfeng Yan, Benedikt Schubert, Patrick Giavalisco, Frank Noack, Herbert Thiele, Salah A Mohamed
PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia characterized by a rapid and irregular heart rhythm. AF types, paroxysmal (PX), persistent (PE) and long-lasting persistent (LSP), requires differences in clinical management. Unfortunately, a significant proportion of AF patients are clinical misclassified. Therefore, our study aim that MALDI-Imaging (IMS) is valuable as a diagnostic aid in AF subtypes assessment. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients were clinically classified according guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology...
May 13, 2018: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752846/it-s-like-balancing-on-a-slackline-a-description-of-how-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-describe-themselves-in-relation-to-physical-activity
#10
Annika Bay, Kristina Lämås, Malin Berghammer, Camilla Sandberg, Bengt Johansson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate how adults with CHD describe themselves in relation to physical activity. BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have reduced exercise capacity and do not reach the recommended daily level of physical activity. With this in view, it is of immense importance to investigate how this population experiences physical activity. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews analysed with qualitative content analysis...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751516/engineering-a-3d-bioprinted-model-of-human-heart-valve-disease-using-nanoindentation-based-biomechanics
#11
Dewy C van der Valk, Casper F T van der Ven, Mark C Blaser, Joshua M Grolman, Pin-Jou Wu, Owen S Fenton, Lang H Lee, Mark W Tibbitt, Jason L Andresen, Jennifer R Wen, Anna H Ha, Fabrizio Buffolo, Alain van Mil, Carlijn V C Bouten, Simon C Body, David J Mooney, Joost P G Sluijter, Masanori Aikawa, Jesper Hjortnaes, Robert Langer, Elena Aikawa
In calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD), microcalcifications originating from nanoscale calcifying vesicles disrupt the aortic valve (AV) leaflets, which consist of three (biomechanically) distinct layers: the fibrosa, spongiosa, and ventricularis. CAVD has no pharmacotherapy and lacks in vitro models as a result of complex valvular biomechanical features surrounding resident mechanosensitive valvular interstitial cells (VICs). We measured layer-specific mechanical properties of the human AV and engineered a three-dimensional (3D)-bioprinted CAVD model that recapitulates leaflet layer biomechanics for the first time...
May 3, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750818/accurate-face-alignment-and-adaptive-patch-selection-for-heart-rate-estimation-from-videos-under-realistic-scenarios
#12
Zhiwei Wang, Xin Yang, Kwang-Ting Cheng
Non-contact heart rate (HR) measurement from facial videos has attracted high interests due to its convenience and cost effectiveness. However, accurate and robust HR estimation under various realistic scenarios remain a very challenging problem. In this paper, we develop a novel system which can achieve a robust and accurate HR estimation under those challenging scenarios. First, to minimize tracking-artifacts arising from large head motions and facial expressions, we propose a joint face detection and alignment method which can produce alignment-friendly facial bounding boxes with reliable initial facial shapes, facilitating accurate and robust face alignment even in the presence of large pose variations and expressions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750227/facilitators-context-of-and-barriers-to-acute-coronary-syndrome-care-at-kenyatta-national-hospital-nairobi-kenya-a-qualitative-analysis
#13
Ehete Bahiru, Tecla Temu, Julia Mwanga, Kevin Ndede, Sophie Vusha, Bernard Gitura, Carey Farquhar, Frederick Bukachi, Mark D Huffman
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ischaemic heart disease and its acute manifestation, acute coronary syndrome (ACS), is growing throughout sub-Saharan Africa, including Kenya. To address this increasing problem, we sought to understand the facilitators, context of and barriers to ACS care at Kenyatta National Hospital, with the aim of improving the quality of care of ACS. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews with healthcare providers involved in the management of ACS patients from January to February 2017 at Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya...
April 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747050/long-non-coding-rna-chrf-facilitates-cardiac-hypertrophy-through-regulating-akt3-via-mir-93
#14
Yang Wo, Jie Guo, Peihui Li, Hongxia Yang, Jinshan Wo
BACKGROUND: Non-coding RNAs, including long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), have been demonstrated as central mediators in cardiac hypertrophy responses. LncRNA cardiac hypertrophy related factor (CHRF) has been reported to be implicated in cardiac hypertrophy. However, the underlying mechanisms of CHRF have not been thoroughly elucidated. METHODS: Expressions of CHRF and microRNA-93 (miR-93) in heart tissues and cardiomyocytes were detected by RT-qPCR assay...
April 11, 2018: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746186/what-does-sexual-arousal-mean-to-you-women-with-and-without-sexual-arousal-concerns-describe-their-experiences
#15
Ariel B Handy, Amelia M Stanton, Cindy M Meston
Sexual arousal is frequently characterized by both subjective (i.e., mental) and physiological (e.g., genital) components. The nuances of these components, however, are difficult to capture via self-report instruments. Asking women to describe sexual arousal in their own words may therefore enhance our understanding of this construct. In the present study, women with (n = 190) and without (n = 610) arousal concerns were recruited online and wrote about their experience of sexual arousal. Seven clusters of words were extracted using automated text analysis, and the prominence of these clusters was compared between groups of women...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742549/facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-mhealth-adoption-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#16
Maan Isabella Cajita, Nancy A Hodgson, Katherine Wai Lam, Sera Yoo, Hae-Ra Han
The purpose of this descriptive, exploratory study was to assess the perceptions of older adults with heart failure regarding the use of mobile technology and to identify potential facilitators of and barriers to mHealth adoption. Semistructured interviews were used to collect data. Transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The findings indicated that older adults do not base their intention to use mHealth solely on perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness, as outlined in the Technology Acceptance Model...
May 4, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742138/a-novel-early-risk-assessment-tool-for-detecting-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-heat-related-illness-j-erato-score-development-and-validation-in-independent-cohorts-in-japan
#17
Kei Hayashida, Yutaka Kondo, Toru Hifumi, Junya Shimazaki, Yasutaka Oda, Shinichiro Shiraishi, Tatsuma Fukuda, Junichi Sasaki, Keiki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: We sought to develop a novel risk assessment tool to predict the clinical outcomes after heat-related illness. METHODS: Prospective, multicenter observational study. Patients who transferred to emergency hospitals in Japan with heat-related illness were registered. The sample was divided into two parts: 60% to construct the score and 40% to validate it. A binary logistic regression model was used to predict hospital admission as a primary outcome. The resulting model was transformed into a scoring system...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742035/what-do-patients-talk-about-a-qualitative-analysis-of-online-chat-sessions-with-healthcare-specialists-during-a-virtual-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#18
Joanna Mendell, Joanna Bates, Davina Banner-Lukaris, Dan Horvat, Bindy Kang, Joel Singer, Andrew Ignaszewski, Scott A Lear
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac rehabilitation programs (CRPs) are effective at reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, yet attendance in these programs remains low due to geographic constraints. In a previously conducted randomized trial we demonstrated that a virtual CRP (vCRP) delivered over the Internet reduced risk for CVD. The current investigation has reviewed the online chat sessions between participants and healthcare providers (HCP) to describe the content of discussions during the vCRP intervention...
May 9, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736364/the-long-road-to-the-left-main-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-revascularization-of-complex-left-main-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Scott Donald, Hilary Bews, Chantal Asselin, Basem Elbarouni, David Allen, Malek Kass, Siuchan Sookhoo, Davinder S Jassal
Severe aortic stenosis (AS) is considered a contraindication to the use of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices, including the Impella heart pump (Abiomed, Aachen, Germany). We describe a case in which a 72-year-old female with severe AS and peripheral vascular disease (PVD) presented with retractable ischemia in the setting of a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Using a coordinated multidisciplinary approach, our case is the first to combine iliac angioplasty, balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV), and the insertion of an Impella CP device in the setting of severe AS to facilitate successful coronary artery revascularization in a non-surgical patient...
March 6, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736277/why-miltefosine-a-life-saving-drug-for-leishmaniasis-is-unavailable-to-people-who-need-it-the-most
#20
REVIEW
Temmy Sunyoto, Julien Potet, Marleen Boelaert
Miltefosine, the only oral drug approved for the treatment of leishmaniasis-a parasitic disease transmitted by sandflies-is considered as a success story of research and development (R&D) by a public-private partnership (PPP). It epitomises the multiple market failures faced by a neglected disease drug: patients with low ability to pay, neglect by authorities and uncertain market size. Originally developed as an anticancer agent in the 1990s, the drug was registered in India in 2002 to treat the fatal visceral leishmaniasis...
2018: BMJ Global Health
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