keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blinded

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346843/analgesic-effect-of-maternal-human-milk-odor-on-premature-neonates
#1
Audrey Baudesson de Chanville, Véronique Brevaut-Malaty, Aurélie Garbi, Barthelemy Tosello, Karine Baumstarck, Catherine Gire
BACKGROUND: Two studies have demonstrated an analgesic effect of maternal milk odor in preterm neonates, without specifying the method of olfactory stimulation. Research aim: This study aimed to assess the analgesic effect of maternal milk odor in preterm neonates by using a standardized method of olfactory stimulation. METHODS: This trial was prospective, randomized, controlled, double blinded, and centrally administered. The inclusion criteria for breastfed infants included being born between 30 and 36 weeks + 6 days gestational age and being less than 10 days postnatal age...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346590/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-large-scale-teleretinal-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-program-in-the-los-angeles-county-department-of-health-services
#2
Lauren P Daskivich, Carolina Vasquez, Carlos Martinez, Chi-Hong Tseng, Carol M Mangione
Importance: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness in adults of working age in the United States. In the Los Angeles County safety net, a nonvertically integrated system serving underinsured and uninsured patients, the prevalence of DR is approximately 50%, and owing to limited specialty care resources, the average wait times for screening for DR have been 8 months or more. Objective: To determine whether a primary care-based teleretinal DR screening (TDRS) program reduces wait times for screening and improves timeliness of needed care in the Los Angeles County safety net...
March 27, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346570/tolerance-and-long-term-efficacy-of-polyethylene-glycol-4000-forlax%C3%A2-compared-to-lactulose-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-constipation
#3
P Chassagne, P Ducrotte, P Garnier, H Mathiex-Fortunet
OBJECTIVES: To assess the tolerance and potential nutritional consequences of long-term repeated doses of PEG 4000 (10 to 30 g/day) in elderly patients with chronic constipation as compared to lactulose (10-30 g/day). DESIGN: Single blind, randomised, multicentre, parallel group comparative study. SETTING: Community-dwelling patients and nursing homes residents aged 70 years and older with a history of chronic constipation. Treatment intervention: PEG 4000 (10-30 g/day) or lactulose (10-30 g/day) for six months...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346569/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-nursing-home-residents-randomized-single-cholecalciferol-loading-protocol-vs-individualized-loading-dose-regimen
#4
C Delomas, M Hertzog, T Vogel, P O Lang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of a single cholecalciferol loading protocol in nursing home (NH) residents taking no VitD supplementation at regular basis. DESIGN: Randomized single-blind controlled study. SETTING: One NH. PARTICIPANTS: All residents. INTERVENTION: From March 21st to May 19th, 2015, NH residents were randomly assigned to either 4x100'000IU to be taken every 2 weeks (treatment group) or an individualized regimen according to baseline 25(OH)VitD level (control group)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346568/impact-of-3-monthly-vitamin-d-supplementation-plus-exercise-on-survival-after-surgery-for-osteoporotic-hip-fracture-in-adult-patients-over-50-years-a-pragmatic-randomized-partially-blinded-controlled-trial
#5
A Laiz, J Malouf, A Marin, V Longobardi, J de Caso, J Farrerons, J Casademont
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 3-monthly supplementation of an oral vitamin D widely used in Spain (calcifediol) plus daily exercise could influence survival at one and four years after surgery for osteoporotic hip fracture. DESIGN: A pragmatic, randomized, partially single-blind placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Patients admitted to a tertiary university hospital for acute hip fracture. PARTICIPANTS: 675 healthy adult patients undergoing surgery for osteoporotic hip fracture were recruited from January 2004 to December 2007...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346567/effect-of-a-low-glycemic-index-mediterranean-diet-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinici-trial
#6
G Misciagna, M Del Pilar Díaz, D V Caramia, C Bonfiglio, I Franco, M R Noviello, M Chiloiro, D I Abbrescia, A Mirizzi, M Tanzi, M G Caruso, M Correale, R Reddavide, R Inguaggiato, A M Cisternino, A R Osella
INTRODUCTION: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common form of liver disease worldwide affecting all ages and ethnic groups and it has become a consistent threat even in young people. Our aim was to estimate the effect of a Low Glycemic Index Mediterranean Diet (LGIMD) on the NAFLD score as measured by a Liver Ultrasonography (LUS). DESIGN: NUTRIzione in EPAtologia (NUTRIEPA) is a population-based Double-Blind RCT. Data were collected in 2011 and analyzed in 2013-14...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346251/histological-mohs-maps-improve-the-accuracy-of-dermatology-residents-interpretations-of-mohs-slides-a-pilot-study
#7
Jeffrey B Tiger, Zai Ganesh, John Mouzakis, Satori Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: Effective Mohs surgery depends on accurate histopathological identification and mapping of tumor burden to ensure complete removal of tumor. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether using a photograph of the histopathological slide as the Mohs map improves mapping accuracy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Single-blinded pilot study. Five dermatology residents at one academic institution mapped 11 cases of basal cell carcinoma using both traditional hand-drawn maps and color photographic maps...
March 23, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346038/recruitment-and-testing-protocol-in-the-national-eye-health-survey-a-population-based-eye-study-in-australia
#8
Joshua Foreman, Stuart Keel, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
PURPOSE: To present the recruitment and testing methodology of the National Eye Health Survey (NEHS), a population-based study that aimed to determine the prevalence and causes of vision impairment and blindness in Australia. METHODS: Non-Indigenous Australians aged 50 years and older and Indigenous Australians aged 40 years and older were recruited using a door-to-door approach from 30 randomly selected geographical areas, stratified by remoteness. Participants underwent a vision examination, anterior segment assessment, intraocular pressure testing, perimetry, and fundus photography...
March 27, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346000/assessment-of-the-potential-efficacy-of-blind-perineural-injection-techniques-for-blockade-of-the-saphenous-obturator-and-lateral-cutaneous-femoral-nerves-in-dog-cadavers
#9
Diego F Echeverry-Bonilla, Jessica T Pelaez, Edwin F Buriticá, Francisco G Laredo
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the potential efficacy of blind perineural injection techniques to provide nerve blockade of the saphenous, obturator, and lateral cutaneous femoral nerves by assessing the distribution along those nerves of 3 volumes of an injected staining solution in dog cadavers. ANIMALS 18 canine cadavers. PROCEDURES The anatomic characteristics of the target nerves were evaluated by dissection in 3 cadavers. The saphenous nerve was located by the use of superficial anatomic landmarks and a loss-of-resistance test...
April 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345997/evaluation-of-a-new-method-to-determine-the-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-distance-required-to-reduce-the-patellar-tendon-tibial-plateau-angle-to-90%C3%A2-with-the-modified-maquet-technique-in-dogs
#10
Paul Pillard, Veronique Livet, Quentin Cabon, Camille Bismuth, Juliette Sonet, Denise Remy, Didier Fau, Claude Carozzo, Eric Viguier, Thibaut Cachon
OBJECTIVE To assess use of a new radiographic method to determine the distance by which the tibial tuberosity should be advanced to reduce the patellar tendon-tibial plateau angle (PTA) to 90° by means of the modified Maquet technique (MMT) in dogs. SAMPLE 24 pelvic limbs from 12 adult medium-sized to large-breed canine cadavers. PROCEDURES Radiographs of stifle joints at 135° extension in true lateral position were used to determine tibial tuberosity advancement distances for use in the MMT. A method was devised to incorporate the planned osteotomy axis; distal patellar translations of 0, 3, 5, or 10 mm; and advancement cage implant application level along the osteotomy site in advancement planning measurements...
April 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345973/patient-satisfaction-with-clinicians-in-colorectal-2-week-wait-clinics
#11
Karen Cock, Bridie Kent
AIM: To determine if patient satisfaction is affected by the clinician (nurse or doctor), conducting the colorectal 2-week wait (2ww) clinics. METHODS: A prospective non-randomised comparative cohort study of 339 consecutive patients (divided by blind allocation into nurse-led (n=216) and doctor-led (n=123) cohorts) conducted over a 3-month period. Patient satisfaction in both cohorts was assessed by an adapted version of the Grogan et al validated patient satisfaction questionnaire...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345814/dapagliflozin-once-daily-plus-exenatide-once-weekly-in-obese-adults-without-diabetes-sustained-reductions-in-bodyweight-glycaemia-and-blood-pressure-over-1-year
#12
Per Lundkvist, Maria J Pereira, Petros Katsogiannos, C David Sjöström, Eva Johnsson, Jan W Eriksson
AIMS: Dapagliflozin and exenatide reduce bodyweight by differing mechanisms. Dual therapy with these agents reduces bodyweight, adipose tissue volume, glycaemia, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) over 24 weeks. Here, we examined these effects over 1 year in obese adults without diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Obese adults without diabetes (N = 50; aged 18-70 years; body mass index 30-45 kg/m(2) ) initially randomized to double-blind oral dapagliflozin 10 mg once daily plus subcutaneous long-acting exenatide 2 mg once weekly or placebo entered an open-label extension from 24-52 weeks during which all participants received active treatment...
March 27, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345782/red-cell-distribution-width-as-a-novel-predictor-of-postoperative-respiratory-adverse-events-after-adenotonsillectomy
#13
Betul Kozanhan, Mehmet S Iyisoy
BACKGROUND: Respiratory adverse events are commonly observed after adenotonsillectomy in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Preoperative prediction of these events enhances quality of care and resource management in facilities while encouraging precautions against them. Red cell distribution width, a measure of erythrocyte size variability, has recently been linked to adverse outcomes in a variety of disorders. Red cell distribution width has also been found to be associated with severity of obstructive sleep apnea in adults due to hypoxia-mediated inflammation...
March 27, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345574/differential-cataract-blindness-by-sex-in-india-evidence-from-two-large-national-surveys
#14
Hira B Pant, Souvik Bandyopadhyay, Neena John, Anil Chandran, Murthy Venkata S Gudlavalleti
AIMS: Women suffer disproportionately more from cataract blindness compared to males in low- and middle-income countries. Two large population-based surveys have been undertaken in India at an interval of 7 years and data from these surveys provided an opportunity to assess the trends in gender differentials in cataract blindness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were extracted from the surveys to discern sex differences in cataract blindness. Multivariate analysis was performed to adjust for confounders and their impact on gender differences in cataract blindness...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345570/appraising-the-spectrum-of-firework-trauma-and-the-related-laws-during-diwali-in-north-india
#15
Ramesh Venkatesh, Prachi Gurav, Shailja Tibrewal, Manisha Agarwal, Suneeta Dubey, Umang Mathur, Suma Ganesh, Sima Das
PURPOSE: To evaluate the epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of ocular injuries resulting from the use of firecrackers during the Diwali festival in all age groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center, retrospective, hospital-based case series presenting with ocular trauma consequent to fireworks usage in a tertiary eye care center in North India during the 5 days of Diwali festival from 2011 to 2015 was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 53 eyes of 45 patients were included in the study, out of which the vast majority (39/87%) were males...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345564/innovations-in-glaucoma-surgery-from-dr-rajendra-prasad-centre-for-ophthalmic-sciences
#16
Tanuj Dada, Neha Midha, Pooja Shah, Talvir Sidhu, Dewang Angmo, Ramanjit Sihota
Trabeculectomy surgery is the current standard of care in glaucoma for achieving a low target intraocular pressure if medical therapy is not adequate. Augmentation of trabeculectomy with antimetabolites brought a revolutionary change in the long-term success rates of trabeculectomy, but along with it came a plethora of complications. There still is a big window for therapeutic innovations on this subject. The foremost target for these innovations is to modulate the wound healing response after glaucoma drainage surgery...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345563/chlamydial-eye-infections-current-perspectives
#17
Gita Satpathy, Himanshu Sekhar Behera, Nishat Hussain Ahmed
Chlamydia trachomatis, an obligate intraocular bacteria causing trachoma, adult and neonatal inclusion conjunctivitis, was the leading cause of blindness in the last century worldwide. Improvement in socioeconomic and living conditions, availability of antibiotics, and introduction of National Trachoma Control Programmes reduced the prevalence in developed countries, but it persisted in resource-poor settings of Africa and Asia, including India. In 2016, as per the WHO report, trachoma is restricted to 42 countries, causing blindness/visual impairment in ~1...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345562/definition-of-blindness-under-national-programme-for-control-of-blindness-do-we-need-to-revise-it
#18
Praveen Vashist, Suraj Singh Senjam, Vivek Gupta, Noopur Gupta, Atul Kumar
A review appropriateness of the current definition of blindness under National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB), Government of India. Online search of peer-reviewed scientific published literature and guidelines using PubMed, the World Health Organization (WHO) IRIS, and Google Scholar with keywords, namely blindness and visual impairment, along with offline examination of reports of national and international organizations, as well as their cross-references was done until December 2016, to identify relevant documents on the definition of blindness...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345499/synbiotic-supplementation-in-lean-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-pilot-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Fatemeh Mofidi, Hossein Poustchi, Zahra Yari, Babak Nourinayyer, Shahin Merat, Maryam Sharafkhah, Reza Malekzadeh, Azita Hekmatdoost
Although non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the leading aetiology of liver disorders in the world, there is no proven treatment for NAFLD patients with normal or low BMI. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of synbiotics supplementation in NAFLD patients with normal or low BMI. In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial, fifty patients with NAFLD were assigned to take either a synbiotic supplement or a placebo capsule for 28 weeks. Both groups were advised to follow a healthy lifestyle...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345494/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-alzheimer-s-disease-assessment-scale-cognitive-adas-cog-in-a-low-literacy-setting-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
Stella-Maria Paddick, Aloyce Kisoli, Sarah Mkenda, Godfrey Mbowe, William Keith Gray, Catherine Dotchin, Adesola Ogunniyi, John Kisima, Olaide Olakehinde, Declare Mushi, Richard William Walker
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of a low-literacy adaptation of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive (ADAS-Cog) for use in rural sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) for interventional studies in dementia. No such adaptations currently exist. METHODS: Tanzanian and Nigerian health professionals adapted the ADAS-Cog by consensus. Validation took place in a cross-sectional sample of 34 rural-dwelling older adults with mild/moderate dementia alongside 32 non-demented controls in Tanzania...
March 27, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
keyword
keyword
72489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"