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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535558/evaluation-of-depression-in-subacute-low-back-pain-a-case-control-study
#1
Daniel Lopez-Lopez, Juan M Vilar-Fernandez, Cesar Calvo-Lobo, Marta E Losa-Iglesias, David Rodriguez-Sanz, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is the most common musculoskeletal disorder affecting the general population and it is believed to be associated with depression. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to describe and compare the impact in a sample of people with subacute LBP (SLBP) and patients without LBP with normalized reference values in the light of the scores obtained with regard using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). STUDY DESIGN: This was a case-control study...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535550/high-voltage-pulsed-radiofrequency-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-neuralgia-of-the-infraorbital-nerve-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Fang Luo, Tao Wang, Ying Shen, Lan Meng, Jingjing Lu, Nan Ji
BACKGROUND: A recent study showed that 50% of patients who suffered from refractory neuralgia of the infraorbital nerve obtained satisfactory efficacy after pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) treatment. A pilot study showed that increasing the output voltage of PRF significantly improved the efficacy for trigeminal neuralgia; however, whether increasing the output voltage of PRF can improve the treatment outcomes for neuralgia of the infraorbital nerve is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of high voltage PRF treatment in comparison with standard voltage PRF for neuralgia of the infraorbital nerve...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535549/epidural-dexamethasone-influences-postoperative-analgesia-after-major-abdominal-surgery
#3
Jeong-Min Hong, Kyung-Hoon Kim, Hyeon Jeong Lee, Jae-Young Kwon, Hae-Kyu Kim, Hyae-Jin Kim, Ah-Reum Cho, Wang-Seok Do, Hyo Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: Epidurally administered dexamethasone might reduce postoperative pain. However, the effect of epidural administration of dexamethasone on postoperative epidural analgesia in major abdominal surgery has been doubtful. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects and optimal dose of epidural dexamethasone on pain after major abdominal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized, double-blind study. SETTING: University hospital...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535498/can-dmco-detect-visual-field-loss-in-neurological-patients-a-secondary-validation-study
#4
Ane Sophie Olsen, Alvilda Thougaard Steensberg, Morten la Cour, Troels Wesenberg Kjaer, Bertil Damato, Lars Hageman Pinborg, Miriam Kolko
Unrecognized visual field loss is caused by a range of blinding eye conditions as well as serious brain diseases. The commonest cause of asymptomatic visual field loss is glaucoma. No screening tools have been proven cost-effective. Damato Multifixation Campimetry Online (DMCO), an inexpensive online test, has been evaluated as a future cost-beneficial tool to detect glaucoma. To further validate DMCO, this study aimed to test DMCO in a preselected population with neurological visual field loss. METHODS: The study design was an evaluation of a diagnostic test...
May 24, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535320/effectiveness-of-a-labor-cervical-exam-model-in-family-medicine-and-ob-gyn-residents
#5
Joshua F Nitsche, Nora F Fino, Jose M Palomo, Abraham Portillo Perdomo, Brian C Brost
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Labor cervical exam accuracy is an essential skill for family medicine and OB-GYN residents to master. To determine the effectiveness of simulation on labor cervical exam training, family medicine and OB-GYN residents were trained using a self-constructed PVC pipe-based cervical exam model during a short and intensive simulation workshop or "boot camp." METHODS: A task trainer was constructed that allows for the blind examination of cervical dilation and effacement...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535281/the-relationship-between-surface-area-and-volume-of-common-blow-fly-diptera-calliphoridae-oviposition-sites-and-carrion-body-mass
#6
V A Pacheco, K R Hans, S L VanLaerhoven
Female blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) demonstrate site preferences when ovipositing on carrion. Preference for oviposition sites is believed to reflect the suitability of the site such that the most preferred locations provide offspring with the greatest chance of survival. A number of factors might influence female choice, including area available for oviposition. For species known to aggregate during oviposition, the surface area of oviposition sites may be a key factor in the decision-making process...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535237/effect-of-intravenous-ferric-carboxymaltose-on-hemoglobin-response-among-patients-with-acute-isovolemic-anemia-following-gastrectomy-the-fairy-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Young-Woo Kim, Jae-Moon Bae, Young-Kyu Park, Han-Kwang Yang, Wansik Yu, Jeong Hwan Yook, Sung Hoon Noh, Mira Han, Keun Won Ryu, Tae Sung Sohn, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Oh Kyoung Kwon, Seung Yeob Ryu, Jun-Ho Lee, Sung Kim, Hong Man Yoon, Bang Wool Eom, Min-Gew Choi, Beom Su Kim, Oh Jeong, Yun-Suhk Suh, Moon-Won Yoo, In Seob Lee, Mi Ran Jung, Ji Yeong An, Hyoung-Il Kim, Youngsook Kim, Hannah Yang, Byung-Ho Nam
Importance: Acute isovolemic anemia occurs when blood loss is replaced with fluid. It is often observed after surgery and negatively influences short-term and long-term outcomes. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ferric carboxymaltose to treat acute isovolemic anemia following gastrectomy. Design, Setting, and Participants: The FAIRY trial was a patient-blinded, randomized, phase 3, placebo-controlled, 12-week study conducted between February 4, 2013, and December 15, 2015, in 7 centers across the Republic of Korea...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535235/effect-of-cephalexin-plus-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-vs-cephalexin-alone-on-clinical-cure-of-uncomplicated-cellulitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Gregory J Moran, Anusha Krishnadasan, William R Mower, Fredrick M Abrahamian, Frank LoVecchio, Mark T Steele, Richard E Rothman, David J Karras, Rebecca Hoagland, Stephanie Pettibone, David A Talan
Importance: Emergency department visits for skin infections in the United States have increased with the emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). For cellulitis without purulent drainage, β-hemolytic streptococci are presumed to be the predominant pathogens. It is unknown if antimicrobial regimens possessing in vitro MRSA activity provide improved outcomes compared with treatments lacking MRSA activity. Objective: To determine whether cephalexin plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole yields a higher clinical cure rate of uncomplicated cellulitis than cephalexin alone...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535076/intraarticular-injection-of-a-cross-linked-sodium-hyaluronate-combined-with-triamcinolone-hexacetonide-cingal-to-provide-symptomatic-relief-of-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-clinical-trial
#9
Laszlo Hangody, Robert Szody, Piotr Lukasik, Wojciech Zgadzaj, Endre Lénárt, Eva Dokoupilova, Daniela Bichovsk, Agnes Berta, Gabor Vasarhelyi, Andrea Ficzere, György Hangody, Gary Stevens, Miklos Szendroi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of an intraarticular injection of Cingal (Anika Therapeutics, Inc., Bedford, MA) compared with Monovisc (Anika Therapeutics, Inc., Bedford, MA) or saline for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: This multicenter, double-blind, saline-controlled clinical trial randomized subjects with knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grades I-III) to a single injection of Cingal (4 mL, 88 mg hyaluronic acid [HA] plus 18 mg triamcinolone hexacetonide [TH]), Monovisc (4 mL, 88 mg HA), or saline (4 mL, 0...
May 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534875/dose-dependent-social-cognitive-effects-of-intranasal-oxytocin-delivered-with-novel-breath-powered-device-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-trial
#10
D S Quintana, L T Westlye, S Hope, T Nærland, T Elvsåshagen, E Dørum, Ø Rustan, M Valstad, L Rezvaya, H Lishaugen, E Stensønes, S Yaqub, K T Smerud, R A Mahmoud, P G Djupesland, O A Andreassen
The neuropeptide oxytocin has shown promise as a treatment for symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, clinical research progress has been hampered by a poor understanding of oxytocin's dose-response and sub-optimal intranasal delivery methods. We examined two doses of oxytocin delivered using a novel Breath Powered intranasal delivery device designed to improve direct nose-to-brain activity in a double-blind, crossover, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. In a randomized sequence of single-dose sessions, 17 male adults with ASD received 8 international units (IU) oxytocin, 24IU oxytocin or placebo followed by four social-cognitive tasks...
May 23, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534762/aiding-the-eye-watching-the-brain-james-weiland-ieee-fellow-explores-the-unique-challenges-of-retinal-prostheses
#11
Kristina Grifantini
The retina is a sophisticated neural network that provides humans with high-resolution vision. And for those who suffer from retinal disease or deterioration, particularly age-related macular degeneration (the leading cause of blindness among people over the age of 50 in the United States), a better understanding of how to stimulate the retina or completely override its path to the area of the brain that processes vision may offer hope to restore sight.
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534761/to-see-anew-new-technologies-are-moving-rapidly-toward-restoring-or-enabling-vision-in-the-blind
#12
Kristina Grifantini
Humans have been using technology to improve their vision for many decades. Eyeglasses, contact lenses, and, more recently, laser-based surgeries are commonly employed to remedy vision problems, both minor and major. But options are far fewer for those who have not seen since birth or who have reached stages of blindness in later life.
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534723/evaluation-of-a-jugular-venipuncture-alpaca-model-to-teach-the-technique-of-blood-sampling-in-adult-alpacas
#13
Marjolaine Rousseau, Guy Beauchamp, Sylvain Nichols
The effectiveness of teaching aids in veterinary medical education is not often assessed rigorously. The objective in the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a commercially available jugular venipuncture alpaca model as a complementary tool to teach veterinary students how to perform venipuncture in adult alpacas. We hypothesized that practicing on the model would allow veterinary students to draw blood in alpacas more rapidly with fewer attempts than students without previous practice on the model...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534446/blood-fatty-acid-changes-in-healthy-young-americans-in-response-to-a-10-week-diet-that-increased-n-3-and-reduced-n-6-fatty-acid-consumption-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Andrew J Young, Bernadette P Marriott, Catherine M Champagne, Michael R Hawes, Scott J Montain, Neil M Johannsen, Kevin Berry, Joseph R Hibbeln
Military personnel generally under-consume n-3 fatty acids and overconsume n-6 fatty acids. In a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study, we investigated whether a diet suitable for implementation in military dining facilities and civilian cafeterias could benefit n-3/n-6 fatty acid status of consumers. Three volunteer groups were provided different diets for 10 weeks. Control (CON) participants consumed meals from the US Military's Standard Garrison Dining Facility Menu. Experimental, moderate (EXP-Mod) and experimental-high (EXP-High) participants consumed the same meals, but high n-6 fatty acid and low n-3 fatty acid containing chicken, egg, oils and food ingredients were replaced with products having less n-6 fatty acids and more n-3 fatty acids...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534014/primiparous-singleton-women-with-endometriosis-have-an-increased-risk-of-preterm-birth-meta-analyses
#15
Sun-Gyeong Kim, Hui-Gyeong Seo, Yun-Sook Kim
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the association between women with endometriosis and risk of preterm birth. METHODS: Two reviewers independently determined all prospective cohort study, retrospective cohort study, large population based cohort study, retrospective secondary analysis, and double blinded, multicentric, observational and cohort study, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial published using PubMed, Medline, Korea Education and Research Information Service, and Scopus from March 1994 through February 2016 without language restrictions comparing obstetric outcomes women with endometriosis and women without endometriosis...
May 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533938/radionuclide-bone-scan-spect-ct-lowering-the-dose-of-ct-significantly-reduces-radiation-dose-without-impacting-ct-image-quality
#16
Sandeep Kumar Gupta, Scott Trethewey, Bree Brooker, Natalie Rutherford, Jenny Diffey, Suresh Viswanathan, John Attia
The CT component of SPECT-CT is required for attenuation correction and anatomical localization of the uptake on SPECT but there is no guideline about the optimal CT acquisition parameters. In our department, a standard CT acquisition protocol was changed in 2013 to give lower radiation dose to the patient. In this study, we retrospectively compared the effects on patient dose as well as the CT image quality with current versus older CT protocols. Ninety nine consecutive patients [n=51 Standard dose 'old' protocol (SDP); n=48 lower dose 'new' protocol (LDP)] with lumbar spine SPECT-CT for bone scan were examined...
2017: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533925/low-dose-oral-curcumin-is-not-effective-in-induction-of-remission-in-mild-to-moderate-ulcerative-colitis-results-from-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Saurabh Kedia, Vikram Bhatia, Sandeep Thareja, Sushil Garg, Venigalla Pratap Mouli, Sawan Bopanna, Veena Tiwari, Govind Makharia, Vineet Ahuja
AIM: To evaluate the role of oral curcumin in inducing clinical remission in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: A prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial comparing the remission inducing effect of oral curcumin and mesalamine 2.4 g with placebo and mesalamine 2.4 g in patients of ulcerative colitis with mild to moderate severity was conducted from January 2003 to March 2005. The included patients received 1 capsule thrice a day of placebo or curcumin (150 mg) for 8 wk...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533916/pediatric-intensive-care-stress-ulcer-prevention-pic-up-a-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#18
Mark Duffett, Karen Choong, Jennifer Foster, Elaine Gilfoyle, Jacques Lacroix, Nikhil Pai, Lehana Thabane, Deborah J Cook
BACKGROUND: Despite sparse pediatric data on effectiveness, the majority of critically ill children receive medications to prevent gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Stress ulcer prophylaxis may have unintended consequences-increasing the risk of nosocomial infections-which may be more serious and common than the bleeding which these drugs are prescribed to prevent. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in pediatric critical care are exceptionally challenging to complete, thus a rigorous pilot RCT is crucial...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533826/a-novel-triage-tool-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-in-traumatic-brain-injury-and-its-correlation-to-rotterdam-computed-tomography-ct-scoring
#19
Sudha Kiran Das, Sachin P Shetty, Kamal Kumar Sen
BACKGROUND: Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) evaluated in CT imaging as well as Rotterdam CT Score (RCTS) are proven independent predictors of outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). To date, no study has correlated ONSD on admission CT scan with RCTS. MATERIAL/METHODS: Retrospective cohort study comprised of consecutive patients undergoing CT imaging for traumatic brain injury recruited between January and October 2015. Bilateral ONSD was measured 3 mm behind the eyeball in axial and sagittal planes and mean value was calculated...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533694/the-improved-quality-of-postoperative-analgesia-after-intrathecal-morphine-does-not-result-in-improved-recovery-and-quality-of-life-in-the-first-6-months-after-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#20
Nilufar Foadi, Matthias Karst, Anika Frese-Gaul, Niels Rahe-Meyer, Stefan Krömer, Christian Weilbach
OBJECTIVE: In orthopedic surgery, it is well known that the use of intrathecal morphine (ITM) leads to an improved quality of postoperative analgesia. Little is known how this improved analgesia affects the long-term course after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind trial. SETTING: Academic medical center. SUBJECTS: Forty-nine patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement surgery in spinal anesthesia...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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