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William P Sheffield, Louise J Eltringham-Smith, Varsha Bhakta
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Kunitz Protease Inhibitor (KPI) domain of protease nexin 2 (PN2) potently inhibits coagulation factor XIa. Recombinant KPI has been shown to inhibit thrombosis in mouse models, but its clearance from the murine circulation remains uncharacterized. The present study explored the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of fusing KPI to human serum albumin (HSA) in fusion protein KPIHSA. METHODS: Hexahistidine-tagged KPI (63 amino acids) and KPIHSA (656 amino acids) were expressed in Pichia pastoris yeast and purified by nickel-chelate chromatography...
February 1, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
B Pintea, J A Kandenwein, H Lorenzen, J P Boström, F Daher, V Velazquez, R A Kristof
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient's self assessed health related quality of life (saHRQoL) based upon the medical outcome study 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) as well as the factors of influence upon the saHRQoL following surgery for petroclival (PCM) and lateral posterior surface of the pyramid (LPPM) meningiomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a series of 78 patients operated consecutively for PCM (n = 46) or LPPM (n = 32) the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative data were collected retrospectively...
January 26, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Christopher E Wing, Anthony N Turner, Chris J Bishop
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the importance of strength and power in relation to key performance indicators (KPI's) within competitive soccer match play. This was achieved through using an experimental approach where fifteen subjects were recruited from a professional soccer club's scholarship squad during the 2013/14 season. Following anthropometric measures, power and strength were assessed across a range of tests which included the squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), 20 metre (m) sprint and arrowhead change of direction test...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Peng-Hao Su, Gregg T Tomy, Chun-Yan Hou, Fang Yin, Dao-Lun Feng, Yong-Sheng Ding, Yi-Fan Li
A size-segregated gas/particle partitioning coefficient KPi was proposed and evaluated in the predicting models on the basis of atmospheric polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) field data comparing with the bulk coefficient KP. Results revealed that the characteristics of atmospheric PBDEs in southeast Shanghai rural area were generally consistent with previous investigations, suggesting that this investigation was representative to the present pollution status of atmospheric PBDEs. KPi was generally greater than bulk KP, indicating an overestimate of TSP (the mass concentration of total suspended particles) in the expression of bulk KP...
January 4, 2018: Chemosphere
Huaichao Luo, Xiaoying Quan, Xiao-Yu Song, Li Zhang, Yilin Yin, Qiao He, Shaolei Cai, Shi Li, Jian Zeng, Qing Zhang, Yu Gao, Sisi Yu
We retrospectively enrolled 191 nasal-type, extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) patients newly diagnosed from 2008 to 2016 at the Sichuan Cancer Hospital, in order to evaluate the relationship between disease outcomes, demographic and clinical factors, and red blood cell distribution width (RDW). C-index, fisher's exact test, univariate analysis, and cox regression analysis were applied. The median age of patients was 44 years and 134 (70%) were men. The cutoff of RDW was 46.2 fL determined by Cutoff Finder...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
Bogdan Pintea, Brigitta Baumert, Thomas Mehari Kinfe, Konstantinos Gousias, Yaroslav Parpaley, Jan Patrick Boström
BACKGROUND: We compared the functional outcome and influential factors of two standard treatment modalities for central cerebral metastases: electrophysiological-controlled microsurgical resection (MSR) and stereotactic radiotherapy/stereotactic radiosurgery (SRT/SRS). METHODS: We performed a database search for central metastasis treatments during the period from January 2008 to September 2012 in two clinical registers: 1) register for intraoperative neuromonitoring (Department of Neurosurgery), and 2) prospective database for SRT/SRS (Department of Radiotherapy)...
November 13, 2017: Radiation Oncology
Xiaomin Yin, Chen Chen, Ting Xu, Lin Li, Lan Zhang
Alternative splicing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) exon 7 generates the isoforms containing a Kunitz protease inhibitor (KPI) domain. APP-KPI levels in the brain are correlated with amyloid beta (Aβ) production. Here, we determined the effect of TSG on the AKT-GSK3β pathway. We found GSK3β increased APP-KPI inclusion level and interacted with the splicing factor ASF. TSG was intragastrically administered to 5-month-old APP/PS1 transgenic mice for 12 months. We found that the activated the AKT-GSK3β signaling pathway suppressed APP-KPI inclusion...
November 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Erwan Lanchec, Antoine Désilets, François Béliveau, Anthony Flamier, Shaimaa Mahmoud, Gilbert Bernier, Denis Gris, Richard Leduc, Christine Lavoie
Recent studies have reported that many proteases, besides the canonical α-, β-, and γ-secretases, cleave the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and modulate β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide production. Moreover, specific APP isoforms contain Kunitz protease-inhibitory domains, which regulate the proteolytic activity of serine proteases. This prompted us to investigate the role of matriptase, a member of the type II transmembrane serine protease family, in APP processing. Using quantitative RT-PCR, we detected matriptase mRNA in several regions of the human brain with an enrichment in neurons...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Afsana Islam, Susanna Leung, Aluh Nikmatullah, Paul P Dijkwel, Michael T McManus
The response of plants to water deficiency or drought is a complex process, the perception of which is triggered at the molecular level before any visible morphological responses are detected. It was found that different groups of plant proteinase inhibitors (PIs) are induced and play an active role during abiotic stress conditions such as drought. Our previous work with the white clover (Trifolium repens L.) Kunitz Proteinase Inhibitor (Tr-KPI) gene family showed that Tr-KPIs are differentially regulated to ontogenetic and biotic stress associated cues and that, at least some members of this gene family may be required to maintain cellular homeostasis...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Claire E Murphy, Kinsey A McCormick, Veena Shankaran, Deepti M Reddi, Paul E Swanson, Melissa P Upton, Antonios Papanicolau-Sengos, Sara Khor, Maria Westerhoff
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the concordance in grade assignment for gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors using mitotic count (MC), Ki-67 proliferative index (KPI), and phosphohistone H3 count (PHH3C). METHODS: Resected gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors were graded based on MC, KPI, and PHH3C. Concordance was determined using a weighted κ statistic. Median survival across each grade category was determined using Kaplan-Meier methods...
November 2017: Pancreas
Zaki N Zahran, Eman A Mohamed, Yoshinori Naruta, Ashraf Haleem
A cofacial iron porphyrin hetero-dimer, Fe2TPFPP-TMP showed high electro-catalytic activity, selectivity, and stability for the O2 reduction to H2O both in homogeneous non-aqueous and heterogeneous neutral aqueous solutions. Moreover, when it is integrated to FTO/p-CuBi2O4 (FTO = fluorine doped tin oxide) photocathode prepared by a simple novel method, a remarkable efficient solar-assisted O2 reduction is achieved in neutral potassium phosphate (KPi) or basic NaOH solutions saturated with O2.
October 4, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Christina Karatzaferi, Nancy Adamek, Michael A Geeves
The muscle types present with variable fatigue tolerance, in part due to the myosin isoform expressed. However, the critical steps that define 'fatigability' in vivo of fast vs slow myosin isoforms, at the molecular level, are not yet fully understood. We examined the modulation of the ATP-induced myosin sub-fragment 1 (S1) dissociation from pyrene-actin by inorganic phosphate (Pi), pH and temperature using a specially modified stopped-flow system that allowed fast kinetics measurements at physiological temperature...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Qi Wan, Dan Wang, HongQuan Ye, Jing Tang, Yu Han
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review the safety and stability of cornea cross-linking (CXL) for the treatment of keratectasia after Excimer Laser Refractive Surgery. METHODS: Eligible studies were identified by systematically searching PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and reference lists. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 12.1 software. The primary outcome parameters included the changes of corrected distant visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), the maximum keratometry value (Kmax) and minimum keratometry value (Kmin), the surface regularity index (SRI), the surface asymmetry index (SAI), the keratoconus prediction index (KPI), corneal thickness, and endothelial cell count...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Mark J Ablowitz, Gino Biondini, Qiao Wang
The genus-1 Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP)-Whitham system is derived for both variants of the KP equation; namely the KPI and KPII equations. The basic properties of the KP-Whitham system, including symmetries, exact reductions and its possible complete integrability, together with the appropriate generalization of the one-dimensional Riemann problem for the Korteweg-de Vries equation are discussed. Finally, the KP-Whitham system is used to study the linear stability properties of the genus-1 solutions of the KPI and KPII equations; it is shown that all genus-1 solutions of KPI are linearly unstable, while all genus-1 solutions of KPII are linearly stable within the context of Whitham theory...
August 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Marco Favaro, Fatwa F Abdi, Marlene Lamers, Ethan J Crumlin, Zhi Liu, Roel van de Krol, David E Starr
Bismuth vanadate has recently drawn significant research attention as a light-absorbing photoanode due to its performance for photoelectrochemical water splitting. In this study, we use in situ ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy with "Tender" X-rays (4.0 keV) to investigate a polycrystalline bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) electrode in contact with an aqueous potassium phosphate (KPi) solution at open circuit potential under both dark and light conditions. This is facilitated by the creation of a 25 to 30 nanometers thick electrolyte layer using the "dip-and-pull" method...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Ya-Jun Li, Ping-Yong Yi, Ji-Wei Li, Xian-Ling Liu, Tian Tang, Pei-Ying Zhang, Wen-Qi Jiang
BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of ABO blood type for lymphoma is largely unknown. We evaluated the prognostic role of ABO blood type in patients with extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 697 patients with newly diagnosed ENKTL from three cancer centers. The prognostic value of ABO blood type was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazard models. The prognostic values of the International Prognostic Index (IPI) and the Korean Prognostic Index (KPI) were also evaluated...
July 31, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
Rafael Zaragoza, Ricard Ferrer, Pedro Llinares, Emilio Maseda, Alejandro Rodríguez, Santiago Grau, Guillermo Quindós
BACKGROUND: A high quality integrated process in the clinical setting of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk for invasive candidiasis is a necessary tool to improve the management of these patients. AIMS: To identify the key points on invasive candidiasis in order to develop a set of recommendations with a high level of consensus required for the creation of a total quality integrated process for the management of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk of invasive candidiasis...
July 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
Rohit Shetty, Harsha Rao, Pooja Khamar, Kanchan Sainani, Krishnapoojita Vunnava, Chaitra Jayadev, Luci Kaweri
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic ability of 3 Scheimpflug devices in differentiating normal from ectatic corneas. DESIGN: Comparison of diagnostic instrument accuracy. METHODS: This study included 42 normal, 37 subclinical keratoconic, and 51 keratoconic eyes seen in a tertiary eye care institute. Keratoconus screening indices were evaluated using the Pentacam (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany), Galilei (Ziemer, Biel, Switzerland), and Sirius (Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici, Florence, Italy)...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Theodoros P Horikis, Dimitrios J Frantzeskakis
Shallow water wave phenomena find their analogue in optics through a nonlocal nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) model in 2+1 dimensions. We identify an analogue of surface tension in optics, namely, a single parameter depending on the degree of nonlocality, which changes the sign of dispersion, much like surface tension does in the shallow water wave problem. Using multiscale expansions, we reduce the NLS model to a Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equation, which is of the KPII (KPI) type, for strong (weak) nonlocality...
June 16, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Chun-Xiang Shang, Ji-Cheng Ma, Zheng Nan, Ye Li, Wen-Cai He, Xian-Ying Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of interleukin-17 (IL-17) level in patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma(ENKTL). METHODS: Eighty patients with nasal ENKTL who received radiotherapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy from January 2011 to January 2012 were enrolled in the study. Eighty healthy volunteers were selected as the controls (control group). About 5 ml of peripheral blood was collected from all patients and controls...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
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