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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333769/the-incidence-of-low-seroimmunity-to-hepatitis-b-virus-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Abhishek Watts, William E Bennett, Jean P Molleston, Sandeep K Gupta, Joseph M Croffie, Shamaila Waseem, Brian A McFerron, Steven J Steiner, Sanjay Kumar, Charles P Vanderpool, Emily C Hon, Molly A Bozic, Girish C Subbarao, Marian D Pfefferkorn
OBJECTIVES: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often receive immunosuppressive therapy which may make them vulnerable to infections such as hepatitis B. We hypothesized that hepatitis B virus (HBV) titers are low in the vaccinated pediatric IBD population. The aims of our study were to identify the incidence of lower titers of hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) and determine which patient factors may be associated with lower HBsAb titers. METHODS: Patients with diagnosis of IBD, ages 5-18 years, were prospectively enrolled...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301429/results-at-up-to-30-years-after-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-chronic-ulcerative-colitis
#2
Amy L Lightner, Kellie L Mathis, Eric J Dozois, Dieter Hahnsloser, Edward V Loftus, Laura E Raffals, John H Pemberton
BACKGROUND: Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) has become the surgical procedure of choice for patients with chronic ulcerative colitis. No study to date has examined functional and quality-of-life outcomes 30 years after pouch construction. METHODS: Using data from a prospectively maintained database with annually distributed questionnaires, functional outcomes, pouch complications, and quality of life after IPAA were determined. RESULTS: Overall, 93...
March 15, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222619/seasonal-variation-in-occurrence-of-ischemic-colitis-a-retrospective-study
#3
Satoshi Yamanouchi, Sayaka Ogawa, Ryusaku Kusunoki, Youichi Miyaoka, Hirofumi Fujishiro, Naruaki Kohge, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
Objectives We aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of ischemic colitis (IC) and to investigate the occurrence of seasonal variation. Methods From January 2008 to December 2014, 368 had IC as the reason for their admission. A total of 364 patients were enrolled in this study. We investigated patient characteristics and seasonal variations in incidence. Results The mean age (±standard deviation) of patients with IC at diagnosis was 66.8 (±16.9) years. Most patients had abdominal pain (341 cases), hematochezia (337 cases), and diarrhea (199 cases) as their chief complaints...
February 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092305/prevalence-and-impact-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-irritable-bowel-syndrome-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-ccfa-partners
#4
Maisa I Abdalla, Robert S Sandler, Michael D Kappelman, Christopher F Martin, Wenli Chen, Kristen Anton, Millie D Long
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients with persistent symptoms despite no or minimal inflammation are frequently described as having an overlap of IBD and irritable bowel syndrome (IBD-IBS). Limited data are available on how IBS impacts the individual patient with IBD. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of IBD-IBS and investigate its impact on patient-reported outcomes. METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional analysis within the CCFA Partners Study...
February 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832426/long-term-outcomes-in-indeterminate-colitis-patients-undergoing-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-function-quality-of-life-and-complications
#5
Katharine L Jackson, Luca Stocchi, Leonardo Duraes, Ahmet Rencuzogullari, Ana E Bennett, Feza H Remzi
INTRODUCTION: It is uncertain whether the outcomes of patients with indeterminate colitis (IC) undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) deteriorate over time. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term pouch function, quality of life, complications, and incidence of Crohn's disease after IPAA for patients with IC compared to ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: A case matched analysis was performed on patients undergoing IPAA for pathologically confirmed IC or UC, between 1985 and 2014...
January 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824653/physical-activity-habits-limitations-and-predictors-in-people-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-large-cross-sectional-online-survey
#6
Garry A Tew, Katherine Jones, Antonina Mikocka-Walus
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence suggests that physical activity has beneficial effects in people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aimed to determine the physical activity habits of adults with IBD, the limitations to physical activity they experience because of their disease, and the extent to which their physical activity is affected by various demographic, clinical, and psychological factors. METHODS: Data were collected on 859 adult participants (52% with Crohn's disease, 75% women) through an online survey conducted between May and June 2016...
December 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812084/nutrition-oxidative-stress-and-intestinal-dysbiosis-influence-of-diet-on-gut-microbiota-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#7
Giovanni Tomasello, Margherita Mazzola, Angelo Leone, Emanuele Sinagra, Giovanni Zummo, Felicia Farina, Provvidenza Damiani, Francesco Cappello, Alice Gerges Geagea, Abdo Jurjus, Tarek Bou Assi, Massimiliano Messina, Francesco Carini
BACKGROUND: Microbiota refers to the population of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses and fungi) that inhabit the entire gastrointestinal tract, more particularly the colon whose role is to maintain the integrity of the intestinal mucosa and control the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria. Alteration in the composition of the gut microbiota is called dysbiosis. Dysbiosis redisposes to inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease and indeterminate colitis. METHODS: The purpose of this literature review is to elucidate the influence of diet on the composition of the gastrointestinal microbiota in the healthy gut and the role of diet in the development of dysbiosis...
December 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807551/recurrent-obstructive-giant-inflammatory-polyposis-of-the-colon
#8
Gaurav Syal, Vikram Budhraja
Inflammatory polyps are relatively common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The term giant inflammatory polyposis is used to describe inflammatory polyps greater than 1.5 cm in any dimension. Their clinical presentation can be varied, ranging from asymptomatic, with incidental detection on radiological or endoscopic testing, to symptomatic, with rectal bleeding and colonic obstruction. Although giant inflammatory polyposis is a rare finding, it is of clinical importance, since it is easily mistaken for colon cancer, with patients sometimes undergoing radical surgeries...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779987/de-novo-crohn-s-disease-after-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-ulcerative-colitis-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-unclassified-long-term-follow-up-of-a-prospective-inflammatory-bowel-disease-registry
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Karen Zaghiyan, Jan P Kamiński, Galinos Barmparas, Phillip Fleshner
The risk of de novo Crohn's disease (CD) after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis (UC) versus inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBDU) or indeterminate colitis (IC) remains debatable. Here, we present updated results after long-term follow-up of a previously studied cohort of 334 patients with UC, IBDU, or IC who underwent IPAA during a 10-year period ending 2007. Of 334 study patients, 56 per cent were male and median age was 38 years (range: 8-81). Patients were classified as UC (n = 237) or IBDU (n = 97) preoperatively and UC (n = 236) or IC (n = 98) postoperatively...
October 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638834/patients-perceive-clinical-benefit-with-the-specific-carbohydrate-diet-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
David L Suskind, Ghassan Wahbeh, Stanley A Cohen, Christopher J Damman, Jani Klein, Kim Braly, Michele Shaffer, Dale Lee
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that dietary therapy may be effective for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but limited published data exist on the usage and efficacy of dietary therapy. AIM: To evaluate the perspective of IBD patients using the specific carbohydrate diet (SCD). METHODS: An anonymous online survey was conducted using REDCap, a Web-based survey tool. Survey links were sent to known Web sites as well as support groups in an attempt to characterize patient utilization of the SCD and perception of efficacy of the SCD...
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619393/impact-of-low-immunoglobulin-g-levels-on-disease-outcomes-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#11
Nicholas Horton, Xianrui Wu, Jessica Philpott, Ari Garber, Jean-Paul Achkar, Aaron Brzezinski, Bret A Lashner, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are considered immune-mediated disorders with dysregulated innate and adaptive immunities. Secondary immunogloblin deficiency can occur in IBD and its impact on the disease course of IBD is not clear. AIMS: We sought to determine associations between low IgG/G1 levels and poor clinical outcomes in IBD patients. METHODS: This historic cohort study was performed on IBD patients with obtained IgG/IgG1 levels...
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613257/low-rate-of-dysplasia-detection-in-mucosa-surrounding-dysplastic-lesions-in-patients-undergoing-surveillance-for-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#12
Joren R Ten Hove, Erik Mooiweer, Evelien Dekker, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong, G Johan A Offerhaus, Cyriel Y Ponsioen, Peter D Siersema, Bas Oldenburg
BACKGROUND & AIMS: When dysplastic lesions are encountered during surveillance colonoscopy of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), guidelines recommend collection of additional biopsies from the surrounding mucosa to ensure the lesion has been adequately circumscribed. We aimed to determine the rate of dysplasia in mucosa biopsies collected from tissues surrounding dysplastic lesions during IBD surveillance. METHODS: In a retrospective study, we collected endoscopy and pathology reports from 1065 patients undergoing colonoscopic surveillance for IBD from 2000 through 2015 at 3 centers in the Netherlands...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580384/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-is-safe-and-efficacious-for-recurrent-or-refractory-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Monika Fischer, Dina Kao, Colleen Kelly, Aishwarya Kuchipudi, Syed-Mohammed Jafri, Mark Blumenkehl, Douglas Rex, Mark Mellow, Nirmal Kaur, Harry Sokol, Gwen Cook, Matthew J Hamilton, Emmalee Phelps, Brian Sipe, Huiping Xu, Jessica R Allegretti
BACKGROUND: New treatments are needed as Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is becoming increasingly formidable. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has a 90% success rate in the treatment of recurrent CDI. However, evidence regarding its safety, efficacy, and effect on disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is lacking. METHODS: This cohort study used data from 8 national and international academic centers. Patients with established IBD who underwent FMT for recurrent CDI were followed for a minimum of 3 months...
October 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557706/many-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-are-not-immune-to-measles-or-pertussis
#14
Noa Krugliak Cleveland, Dylan Rodriquez, Alana Wichman, Isabella Pan, Gil Y Melmed, David T Rubin
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines emphasize vaccination for influenza and pneumococcus for IBD patients and the avoidance of live virus vaccines for those who are on immunosuppressive (ISS) therapy. Given the recent resurgence of measles and pertussis infections, we assessed the immune status of our IBD population in order to advise about these risks. METHODS: We prospectively collected measles and pertussis titers in our IBD patients from February 1-May 1, 2015. Immune status based on standard threshold values was determined: measles antibodies ≤0...
October 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504812/the-natural-history-of-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-in-children-a-large-single-center-longitudinal-cohort-study
#15
Pamela L Valentino, Shanna Wiggins, Sarah Harney, Roshan Raza, Christine K Lee, Maureen M Jonas
OBJECTIVES: Data regarding pediatric primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) natural history are limited. We describe a large pediatric PSC cohort with longitudinal follow-up. METHODS: The present study records review of pediatric patients with PSC diagnosed between 1984 and 2014. RESULTS: N = 120 (63% M) ages 1 to 21 years (median 14 years) at diagnosis. 27% (31/113) had autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC), 24% had exclusive small duct PSC, METAVIR stage was F3-F4 in 41%...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433148/change-in-the-diagnosis-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-hospital-based-cohort-study-from-korea
#16
Ho-Su Lee, Jaewon Choe, Hyo Jeong Lee, Sung Wook Hwang, Sang Hyoung Park, Dong-Hoon Yang, Kyung-Jo Kim, Byong Duk Ye, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Seung-Jae Myung, Yong Sik Yoon, Chang Sik Yu, Jin-Ho Kim, Suk-Kyun Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Accurately diagnosing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains a challenge, but is crucial for providing proper management for affected patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of change in diagnosis in Korean patients who were referred to our institution with a diagnosis of IBD. METHODS: We enrolled 1,444 patients diagnosed with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 1,452 diagnosed with Crohn's disease (CD), who had been referred to the Asan Medical Center between January 2010 and December 2014...
July 2016: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416044/emerging-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-and-monitoring-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#17
Anet A Soubières, Andrew Poullis
There is currently no single test available to confidently diagnose cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Physicians rely on a number of diagnostic tools, including clinical evaluation, serum testing, and imaging, which are used on conjunction with endoscopic evaluation. It is often difficult to determine whether patients with abdominal pain and change in bowel habit have functional bowel symptoms or whether they have a true diagnosis of IBD. Even once a diagnosis of IBD has been made, a significant proportion of patients are labeled with the term "indeterminate colitis" where histological sampling cannot confidently subclassify patients as either Crohn's or ulcerative colitis...
August 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279644/recurrence-and-survival-rates-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-associated-colorectal-cancer-following-postoperative-chemotherapy-a-comparative-study
#18
Mohannad Dugum, Jingmei Lin, Rocio Lopez, Bassam Estfan, Elena Manilich, Luca Stocchi, Bo Shen, Xiuli Liu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Studies have shown tumorigenetic and histomorphological differences between IBD-associated CRC and non-IBD CRC, suggesting differences in tumor behavior and response to treatment. We aimed to compare tumor recurrence and survival rates following postoperative chemotherapy in CRC patients with and without IBD. METHODS: Search of the Cleveland Clinic's CRC database revealed 65 patients who had IBD-associated CRC and received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy between 1994 and 2010...
June 8, 2016: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110305/demographic-characteristics-of-children-with-early-clinical-manifestation-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Edyta Szymańska, Sylwia Szymańska, Michał Szczepański, Piotr Landowski, Grażyna Czaja-Bulsa, Elżbieta Jarocka-Cyrta, Bartosz Korczowski, Elżbieta Krzesiek, Jarosław Kierkuś
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is a chronic condition of the colon and small intestine. The disease is common in young people (children and young adults), but it is rare in children younger than five years of age. Therefore, IBD developing during the first years of life (under the age of 5) is known as an early-onset IBD (EO-IBD), and it is considered to be a specific entity with a distinct phenotype. However, the available data on that issue are still insufficient...
2016: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034838/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-skin-cancer-an-assessment-of-patient-risk-factors-knowledge-and-skin-practices
#20
Jessica N Kimmel, Tiffany H Taft, Laurie Keefer
Objective. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk from skin cancer. Aims include assessing IBD patients' risk factors and knowledge of skin cancer and current skin protection practices to identify gaps in patient education regarding skin cancer prevention in IBD. Methods. IBD patients ≥ 18 years were recruited to complete an online survey. Results. 164 patients (mean age 43.5 years, 63% female) with IBD (67% Crohn's disease, 31% ulcerative colitis, and 2% indeterminate colitis) were included...
2016: Journal of Skin Cancer
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