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indeterminate colitis

Fabiola Trejo-Vazquez, Idalia Garza-Veloz, Gabriela Alejandra Villela-Ramirez, Yolanda Ortiz-Castro, Panfilo Mauricio-Saucedo, Edith Cardenas-Vargas, Mariana Diaz-Baez, Miguel A Cid-Baez, Rodrigo Castañeda-Miranda, Jose Manuel Ortiz-Rodriguez, Luis Octavio Solis-Sanchez, Margarita L Martinez-Fierro
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD) and indeterminate colitis. As these subtypes of IBD display important differences in the behavior of the natural course of the disease, the identification of non-invasive markers for IBD is important. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the serum levels of 10 adipokines and their association with endoscopic activity in IBD. The 10-protein profile (C-peptide, ghrelin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide, glucagon-like peptide-1, glucagon, insulin, leptin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, resistin and visfatin) was evaluated using serum from 53 participants (23 UC and 11 CD patients, as well as 19 controls) from Zacatecas (Mexico) by using the Bio-Plex Pro Human Diabetes 10-Plex Panel (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Edyta Zagórowicz, Agnieszka Przybysz, Jakub Szlak, Agnieszka Magdziak, Paulina Wieszczy, Andrzej Mróz
OBJECTIVES: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) often reactivates in ulcerative colitis (UC). In diagnostics, along with immunohistochemistry (IHC) of colonic biopsies, blood CMV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is gaining increasing application. We aimed to assess agreement between the density of infected colonic cells by IHC and the viral load in the blood by PCR. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with active UC or indeterminate colitis in whom blood CMV PCR had been performed while biopsies had been taken simultaneously...
March 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
José M Cabrera, Thomas T Sato
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) describes a spectrum of idiopathic, lifelong, and progressive intestinal inflammatory conditions that includes Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and indeterminate colitis. A worldwide increase in the incidence of IBD has been observed. In comparison to adults, IBD occurring during childhood and adolescence has several unique clinical characteristics and surgical management issues. In this article, we provide an overview contrasting these important differences.
March 2018: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Christopher J Kiely, Angela Clark, Joya Bhattacharyya, Gordon W Moran, James C Lee, Miles Parkes
BACKGROUND: Management of proctitis refractory to conventional therapies presents a common clinical problem. The use of acetarsol suppositories, which are derived from organic arsenic, was first described in 1965. Data concerning clinical efficacy and tolerability are very limited. AIM: To examine the efficacy of acetarsol suppositories for the treatment of refractory proctitis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on patients with inflammatory bowel disease treated with acetarsol suppositories between 2008 and 2014 at Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom...
February 19, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Elisa K Boden, Donna M Shows, Michael V Chiorean, James D Lord
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vedolizumab is an anti-α4β7 monoclonal antibody approved for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This exploratory study aimed to identify biomarkers associated with vedolizumab response. METHODS: Twenty-six IBD patients (15 with Crohn's, 11 with ulcerative or indeterminate colitis) initiating vedolizumab at a single center between 2014 and 2016 underwent sampling of serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) before and during vedolizumab therapy...
January 25, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Alka Goyal, Andrew Yeh, Brian R Bush, Brian A Firek, Leah M Siebold, Matthew Brian Rogers, Adam D Kufen, Michael J Morowitz
Background: The role of fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) in the treatment of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unknown. The aims of this study were to assess safety, clinical response, and gut microbiome alterations in children with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), or indeterminate colitis (IC). Methods: In this open-label, single-center prospective trial, patients with IBD refractory to medical therapy underwent a single FMT by upper and lower endoscopy...
January 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Uri Netz, Norman J Galbraith, Stephen O'Brien, Jane Carter, Stephen Manek, Robert E Petras, Susan Galandiuk
BACKGROUND: The advisability of performing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for patients with indeterminate colitis is debated. Indeterminate colitis is found in up to 15% of inflammatory bowel disease colectomy specimens. We determined long-term outcomes in patients diagnosed with indeterminate colitis undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. METHODS: Fifty-six patients were included with a mean follow-up of 14 ± 7 years. Long-term behavior was defined based on surgeon assessment as "Crohn disease-like" in patients who subsequently developed clear signs of Crohn disease and as "non-Crohn disease-like...
January 8, 2018: Surgery
Matteo Rottoli, Carlo Vallicelli, Eleonora Bigonzi, Paolo Gionchetti, Fernando Rizzello, Massimo P Di Simone, Gilberto Poggioli
Background and Aims: There is a lack in the literature about prepouch ileitis [PI], in particular regarding risk factors associated with failure of the medical treatment. Aim of the study is to analyse the characteristics of PI patients and to compare those who required surgery with those who were successfully treated with conservative therapy. Methods: All cases presenting a diagnosis of PI were included and analysed. Patients eventually requiring surgery were compared with those who were managed conservatively, for symptoms of presentation, endoscopic characteristics, and rate of response to medical treatment...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Milton Mui, Vinna An, Jane Lovell, Basil D'Souza, Rodney Woods
PURPOSE: The study aimed to determine whether patients are receiving adequate counselling about elective bowel resection and timely surgery for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Patients with IBD who underwent an elective bowel resection in a tertiary referral centre between April 2012 and Dec 2014 were identified from a prospective database. Patients under the age of 16 years were excluded from the study. Patients were contacted over the phone to complete a questionnaire regarding their perspective on their surgery, including the consultations that took place, preparedness and timing of surgery, as well as patient attitude towards bowel resection and satisfaction with post-operative outcomes...
February 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Manreet Kaur, Prianka Singapura, Neeharika Kalakota, Guillermina Cruz, Richa Shukla, Sidra Ahsan, Aylin Tansel, Aaron P Thrift, Hashem B El-Serag
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The QuantiFERON-Tuberculosis Gold In-Tube (QTF-GIT) (Cellestis Limited, Carnegie, Australia) test is widely used to screen for latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) before treatment with a tumor necrosis factor antagonist. The test frequently produces indeterminate results, prompting additional testing. We evaluated factors associated with indeterminate results from the QTF-GIT test among patients with IBD...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
H Yu, D MacIsaac, J J Wong, Z M Sellers, A A Wren, R Bensen, C Kin, K T Park
BACKGROUND: Real-world data quantifying the costs of increasing use of biologics in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are unknown. AIM: To determine the outpatient IBD drug utilization trends, relative market share, and costs in the USA during a 9-year period. METHODS: The Truven MarketScan(®) Database was analysed for patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) during 2007-2015. National drug codes were used to identify prescription drugs; Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System J-codes were used to capture biologic out-patient infusions...
November 22, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Yangyang R Yu, J Ruben Rodriguez
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rising with 25% of IBD diagnosed in children under 18 years of age. The clinical presentation of IBD in children is often vague leading to initial misdiagnosis as infectious colitis or irritable bowel syndrome. When IBD is identified, overlap in histologic and endoscopic features may lead to difficulty distinguishing Crohn's disease from ulcerative colitis, resulting in a higher frequency of the diagnosis indeterminate colitis or IBD unspecified. Recognizing the common and the atypical presentation of pediatric IBD and extraintestinal manifestations will aid in expeditious referral and early diagnosis...
December 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Lieke M Spekhorst, Floris Imhann, Eleonora A M Festen, Ad A van Bodegraven, Nanne K H de Boer, Gerd Bouma, Herma H Fidder, Geert d'Haens, Frank Hoentjen, Daan W Hommes, Dirk J de Jong, Mark Löwenberg, P W Jeroen Maljaars, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong, Bas Oldenburg, Marieke J Pierik, Cyriel Y Ponsioen, Pieter C Stokkers, Hein W Verspaget, Marijn C Visschedijk, C Janneke van der Woude, Gerard Dijkstra, Rinse K Weersma
PURPOSE: The Dutch IBD Biobank aims to facilitate the discovery of predictors for individual disease course and treatment response in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this paper, we aim to describe the establishment of the Dutch IBD Biobank, including the facilitators and barriers to establishment. Moreover, we aim to provide a complete overview of the content of the Dutch IBD Biobank. PARTICIPANTS: Since 2007, every patient with IBD treated in one of the eight Dutch university medical centres is asked to participate in the Dutch IBD Biobank in which 225 standardised IBD-related data items and biomaterials, such as serum, DNA, biopsies and a stool sample, are collected...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
Ross D Cranston, Miguel Regueiro, Jana Hashash, Jonathan R Baker, Nicola Richardson-Harman, Laura Janocko, Ian McGowan
BACKGROUND: Defective cell-mediated immunity increases the risk of human papillomavirus-associated anal dysplasia and cancer. There is limited information on anal canal disease in patients with IBD. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess anal/vaginal human papillomavirus and anal dysplasia prevalence in patients with IBD. DESIGN: Patients had an anal examination before routine colonoscopy. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a tertiary IBD referral center...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Eun-Young Karen Choi, Henry D Appelman
Chronic colitis, regardless of type, is defined histologically by chronic inflammation, mainly plasmacytosis, in the lamina propria. Specific diagnosis of chronic colitides in biopsies can be challenging for practicing pathologists. This article focuses on discussing specific histologic features in biopsies of the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), including ulcerative colitis, Crohn colitis, and colitis of indeterminate type. It also offers suggestions as to how to separate the IBDs from other chronic colitides, such as lymphocytic colitis, collagenous colitis, diverticular disease-associated colitis, diversion colitis, and chronic colitides that are due to drugs...
December 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
Danish Abdul Aziz, Maryum Moin, Atif Majeed, Kamran Sadiq, Abdul Gaffar Biloo
OBJECTIVE: To determine different clinical presentationsand disease location demarcatedby upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopyand relevant histopathologyin children diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: This is 5 years (2010 to 2015) retrospective studyconducted at the Aga Khan University Hospitalenrolling65admitted children between 6 months to 15years from either gender, diagnosed with IBD on clinical presentation, endoscopy and biopsy...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Eleonora Druve Tavares Fagundes, Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira, Caroline Caldeira Hosken, Thaís Costa Nascentes Queiroz
BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a rare disease, but its prevalence has been underestimated in children and adolescents due to broad variation in clinical presentation as well as diagnostic challenges in this life period. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate children and adolescents with primary sclerosing cholangitis and to describe their clinical, laboratorial, histopathological, and cholangiography conditions. METHODS: This is an observational descriptive research that took place from 2005 to 2016 and included all the patients seen in the Outpatient Unit for Pediatric Hepatology of Hospital das Clinicas of UFMG who had been diagnosed with primary sclerosing cholangitis before the age of 18...
December 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Mohamad Tufail Sheikh, Mohd Tafazul Sheikh, Masrat Jan, Hayat A Khan, Guru P Vashisht, Mohd L Wani
INTRODUCTION: Multi-Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT) has revealed excellent results in various systems of the body. Its role in abdominal imaging for solid viscera has been proved beyond doubt. It is an emerging non invasive tool for evaluation of bowel diseases. AIM: To see the efficacy of MDCT in evaluation of various bowel diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Delhi, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Motoi Uchino, Hiroki Ikeuchi, Akira Sugita, Kitaro Futami, Toshiaki Watanabe, Kouhei Fukushima, Kenji Tatsumi, Kazutaka Koganei, Hideaki Kimura, Keisuke Hata, Kenichi Takahashi, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuji Funayama, Daijiro Higashi, Toshimitsu Araki, Masato Kusunoki, Takeshi Ueda, Fumikazu Koyama, Michio Itabashi, Riichiro Nezu, Yasuo Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Although several complications capable of causing pouch failure may develop after restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) for ulcerative colitis (UC), the incidences and causes are conflicting and vary according to country, race and institution. To avoid pouch failure, this study aimed to evaluate the rate of pouch failure and its risk factors in UC patients over the past decade via a nationwide cohort study. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational, multicenter study that included 13 institutions in Japan...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
Shannon Chang, Bo Shen, Feza Remzi
Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the preferred surgical treatment for patients who undergo colectomy and wish to avoid a permanent ileostomy. The overall outcomes are positive, with an improved quality of life and stable long-term pouch retention. However, certain conditions or disease states may be at a higher risk of pouch dysfunction or failure. For example, obese patients have an increased risk for postoperative complications. In addition, women with a history of obstetric complications and elderly patients with a history of sphincter damage or dysfunction may be at an increased risk for postoperative incontinence, although quality-of-life indices do not necessarily correlate with incontinence scores...
August 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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