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microrna MSC

Carmela Nardelli, Ilaria Granata, Laura Iaffaldano, Valeria D'Argenio, Valentina Del Monaco, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Luigi Del Vecchio, Pasquale Martinelli, Francesco Salvatore, Mario Rosario Guarracino, Lucia Sacchetti, Lucio Pastore
Experimental evidence indicates differences between women and men in several medical areas, including susceptibility to metabolic diseases. Sexual dimorphism could be influenced by microRNA (miRNA)-mediated regulation of gene expression, and miRNAs have also been implicated in fetal programming of obesity. Our previous finding of altered proteome in human amniotic stem cells (hA-MSCs) during obesity (Ob-) prompted us to look for gender-related differences in the miRNA regulation of gene expression in Ob-hA-MSCs that might be involved in metabolic changes...
October 5, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Chen Tian, Guoguang Zheng, Hongqing Zhuang, Xubin Li, Dongzhi Hu, Lei Zhu, Wang Tengteng, M James You, Yizhuo Zhang
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not sensitive to chemotherapy partially because of the protection of AML cells by mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Our previous studies found that MSCs protected AML cells from apoptosis through the c-Myc-dependent pathway. However, the mechanism by which MSCs regulate c-Myc in AML cells is still unknown. To elucidate the mechanism, we performed microRNA array analysis of AML cell lines and validated by TaqMan realtime PCR. The results showed that the expression of microRNA-494 (miR-494) in AML cells after coculture with MSCs was down-regulated...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Hongqi Xin, Fengjie Wang, Yanfeng Li, Qing-E Lu, Wing Lee Cheung, Yi Zhang, Zheng Gang Zhang, Michael Chopp
We previously demonstrated that multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) with overexpressed microRNA 133b (miR-133b) significantly improve functional recovery in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) compared with naive MSCs, and that exosomes generated from naive MSCs mediate the therapeutic benefits of MSC therapy for stroke. Here, we investigated whether exosomes isolated from miR-133b(-)overexpressed MSCs (Ex-miR-133b(+)) exert amplified therapeutic effects. Rats subjected to 2 hours (h) of MCAO were intra-arterially injected with Ex-miR-133b(+), exosomes from MSCs infected by blank vector (Ex-Con), or phosphate-buffered solution (PBS), and were sacrificed 28 days post MCAO...
September 26, 2016: Cell Transplantation
Sylwia Bobis-Wozowicz, Katarzyna Kmiotek, Karolina Kania, Elzbieta Karnas, Anna Labedz-Maslowska, Malgorzata Sekula, Sylwia Kedracka-Krok, Jacek Kolcz, Dariusz Boruczkowski, Zbigniew Madeja, Ewa K Zuba-Surma
: Growing evidence indicates that intracellular signaling mediated by extracellular vesicles (EVs) released by stem cells plays a considerable role in triggering the regenerative program upon transplantation. EVs from umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSC-EVs) have been shown to enhance tissue repair in animal models. However, translating such results into clinical practice requires optimized EV collection procedures devoid of animal-originating agents. Thus, in this study, we analyzed the influence of xeno-free expansion media on biological properties of UC-MSCs and UC-MSC-EVs for future applications in cardiac repair in humans...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Heidi R Hofer, Rocky S Tuan
Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a subject of intense experimental and biomedical interest. Recently, trophic activities of MSCs have become the topic of a number of revealing studies that span both basic and clinical fields. In this review, we focus on recent investigations that have elucidated trophic mechanisms and shed light on MSC clinical efficacy relevant to musculoskeletal applications. Innate differences due to MSC sourcing may play a role in the clinical utility of isolated MSCs. Pain management, osteochondral, nerve, or blood vessel support by MSCs derived from both autologous and allogeneic sources have been examined...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Ahmed Saad, Xiang-Yang Zhu, Sandra Herrmann, LaTonya Hickson, Hui Tang, Allan B Dietz, Andre J van Wijnen, Lilach Lerman, Stephen Textor
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived MSC (AMSCs) possess angiogenic and immunomodulatory properties that may modulate kidney regeneration. Whether these properties are retained in older patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease is poorly understood. Hypoxic conditions are known to modify properties and growth characteristics of AMSCs. We tested the hypothesis that AMSCs from older patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (RVD) differ from normal kidney donors, and whether hypoxia changes their functional and molecular properties to promote angiogenesis...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Sara Gallo, Maddalena Gili, Giusy Lombardo, Alberto Rossetti, Arturo Rosso, Patrizia Dentelli, Gabriele Togliatto, Maria Chiara Deregibus, Daniela Taverna, Giovanni Camussi, Maria Felice Brizzi
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) that are derived from stem cells are proving to be promising therapeutic options. We herein investigate the therapeutic potential of EVs that have been derived from different stem cell sources, bone-marrow (MSC) and human liver (HLSC), on mesangial cells (MCs) exposed to hyperglycaemia. By expressing a dominant negative STAT5 construct (ΔNSTAT5) in HG-cultured MCs, we have demonstrated that miR-21 expression is under the control of STAT5, which translates into Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGFβ) expression and collagen production...
2016: PloS One
Orazio Fortunato, Carla Verri, Ugo Pastorino, Gabriella Sozzi, Mattia Boeri
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Many studies have reported that alterations in miRNA expression are involved in several human tumors. We have previously identified a circulating miRNA signature classifier (MSC) able to discriminate lung cancer with more aggressive features. In the present work, microarray miRNA profiling of tumor tissues collected from 19 lung cancer patients with an available MSC result were perform in order to find a possible association between miRNA expression and the MSC risk level...
July 5, 2016: Microarrays
X Han, H Bai, J J Yin, K Yang, Y X Han, J F Ou, C B Wang, T Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of miR-155 on immune-factors and its mechanism in mesenchymal stem cells under hypoxia. METHODS: The microRNA sequences targeting miR-155 mimic and mimic NC gene was designed and transfected into MSC by lipofectamineTM 2000. Lipopolysaccharide was used to stimulate the immunity of MSC under hypoxic environment. Transfection efficiency of miR- 155 and immune-related genes (IL-6, IL-8, iNOS, TGF-β, HIF-1α) were detected by real-time RT-PCR...
August 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Masaaki Yoshizuka, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Yoshitaka Kawanishi, Susumu Hachisuka, Taisuke Furuta, Shigeru Miyaki, Nobuo Adachi, Mitsuo Ochi
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to achieve bone union in case of non-union with non-invasive techniques. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNAs that act as repressors of gene expression at the level of post-transcriptional regulation. This study focuses on microRNA (miR)-222 as it is known to be a negative modulator of angiogenesis, an essential component of fracture healing. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of miR-222 on osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation in human mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)s in vitro, and to determine whether local administration of miR-222 inhibitor into the fracture site could achieve bone union in vivo...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Weiwei Zhao, Shanxing Zhang, Baoli Wang, Jian Huang, William W Lu, Di Chen
The homeostasis of skeletal tissues requires tight regulation of a variety of signaling pathways, and the onset and progression of skeletal diseases are often caused by signaling abnormalities. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNA molecules that have emerged as a new dimension of gene regulation. MiRNAs have been shown to play an important role in the regulation of the differentiation of embryonic and hematopoietic stem cells. However, the role of specific miRNAs and their target genes has not been fully defined in the regulation of mesenchymal stem cells...
August 15, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Xiangyu Zou, Di Gu, Guangyuan Zhang, Liang Zhong, Zhongliang Cheng, Guohua Liu, Yingjian Zhu
Immunomodulation has been regarded as an important therapeutic aspect of mesenchymal stromal cell-derived extracellular vesicles (MSC-EVs) in renal ischemic reperfusion injury (IRI), and the specific mechanism still unclear. Here, we attempt to test the function of human MSC-EVs on renal IRI by targeting the natural killer (NK) cells and to investigate the possible mechanism. Data indicated that EVs decreased NK cells in spleen and ischemic kidney. Both the EVs and antibody-dependent depletion of NK cells displayed a protective role in IRI rats...
August 10, 2016: Human Gene Therapy
Taisuke Furuta, Shigeru Miyaki, Hiroyuki Ishitobi, Toshihiko Ogura, Yoshio Kato, Naosuke Kamei, Kenji Miyado, Yukihito Higashi, Mitsuo Ochi
: : Paracrine signaling by bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) plays a major role in tissue repair. Although the production of regulatory cytokines by MSC transplantation is a critical modulator of tissue regeneration, we focused on exosomes, which are extracellular vesicles that contain proteins and nucleic acids, as a novel additional modulator of cell-to-cell communication and tissue regeneration. To address this, we used radiologic imaging, histological examination, and immunohistochemical analysis to evaluate the role of exosomes isolated from MSC-conditioned medium (CM) in the healing process in a femur fracture model of CD9(-/-) mice, a strain that is known to produce reduced levels of exosomes...
July 26, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Jia Sun, Jintao Chen, Juan Cao, Tianxiang Li, Shaoxia Zhuang, Xiufeng Jiang
Considerable attentions have been focused on the treatment of lung injury using mesenchymal stem cells that can replenish damaged tissues including the blood vessels. In human lung-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hL-MSC), we investigated the potential role of an IL-1β-stimulated miR-433 pathway in angiogenesis in vitro. The expressions of miR-433 and its target genes were examined in cells treated with IL-1β. The angiogenic activity of hL-MSC was studied by cell migration and tube formation assays in which miR-433 levels were manipulated...
July 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Maryam Pajoohesh, Hossein Naderi-Manesh, Masoud Soleimani
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of microRNA-145, that regulates gene expression of genes related to differentiation, proliferation and the phenotype of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), in the differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs) to SMCs. RESULTS: Real-time PCR analysis indicated significant upregulation of SMC markers, including SM-α-actin, calponin, caldesmon and SMMHC, in SMCs compared to hBM-MSCs. Conversely, Krüppel-like factor 4, the direct target of microRNA-145 and the suppressor of smooth muscle differentiation, was suppressed in hBM-MSC-derived SMCs...
November 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Giulia Chiabotto, Stefania Bruno, Federica Collino, Giovanni Camussi
Mesenchymal-epithelial interactions play an important role in renal tubular morphogenesis and in maintaining the structure of the kidney. The aim of this study was to investigate whether extracellular vesicles (EVs) produced by human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTECs) may induce mesenchymal-epithelial transition of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). To test this hypothesis, we characterized the phenotype and the RNA content of EVs and we evaluated the in vitro uptake and activity of EVs on MSCs...
2016: PloS One
Yuan Zhu, Jing Yu, Lei Yin, Ying Zhou, Zixuan Sun, Haoyuan Jia, Yang Tao, Wanzhu Liu, Bin Zhang, Jiao Zhang, Mei Wang, Xu Zhang, Yongmin Yan, Jianguo Xue, Hongbin Gu, Fei Mao, Wenrong Xu, Hui Qian
: : The role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in kidney injury repair has been studied widely. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. We profiled the altered microRNAs in renal tissues from cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) rats treated with or without rat bone marrow MSCs (rMSCs). We observed that microRNA-146b (miR-146b) expression was considerably upregulated in renal tissues from AKI rats compared with that in healthy rats, and the expression decreased following MSC treatment after cisplatin administration...
July 8, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Shuo Fang, Chen Xu, Yuntong Zhang, Chunyu Xue, Chao Yang, Hongda Bi, Xijing Qian, Minjuan Wu, Kaihong Ji, Yunpeng Zhao, Yue Wang, Houqi Liu, Xin Xing
: : Excessive scar formation caused by myofibroblast aggregations is of great clinical importance during skin wound healing. Studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can promote skin regeneration, but whether MSCs contribute to scar formation remains undefined. We found that umbilical cord-derived MSCs (uMSCs) reduced scar formation and myofibroblast accumulation in a skin-defect mouse model. We found that these functions were mainly dependent on uMSC-derived exosomes (uMSC-Exos) and especially exosomal microRNAs...
July 7, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Qing Yue, Yu Zhang, Xianyang Li, Lihong He, Ya'nan Hu, Xianyao Wang, Xiaojing Xu, Yixin Shen, Huanxiang Zhang
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exhibit the potential to repair a wide variety of injured adult tissues. The migration capability of MSCs is an important determinant of the efficiency of MSC transplant therapy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly implicated in regulating the migration of MSCs. Herein, we show that the expression of miR-124 was downregulated in rat MSCs (rMSCs) treated with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Overexpression of miR-124 significantly reduced the chemotactic migration of rMSCs toward HGF, while inhibition of endogenous miR-124 promoted the chemotactic migration...
September 2016: European Journal of Cell Biology
Xin Yan, Yurong Cen, Qin Wang
Previous studies have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation reduces the severity of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice, which is a model for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in humans. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain ill-defined. Here, we showed that MSC transplantation reduced the activities of NF-κB signaling and decreased microRNA-548e (miR-548e) levels in the joint tissue in CIA-mice, seemingly through activation of transforming growth factor β receptor signaling...
2016: Scientific Reports
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