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food culture Pacific

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821852/bac-pool-sequencing-and-analysis-confirms-growth-associated-qtls-in-the-asian-seabass-genome
#1
Xueyan Shen, Si Yan Ngoh, Natascha May Thevasagayam, Sai Rama Sridatta Prakki, Pranjali Bhandare, Andy Wee Kiat Tan, Gui Quan Tan, Siddharth Singh, Norman Chun Han Phua, Shubha Vij, László Orbán
The Asian seabass is an important marine food fish that has been cultured for several decades in Asia Pacific. However, the lack of a high quality reference genome has hampered efforts to improve its selective breeding. A 3D BAC pool set generated in this study was screened using 22 SSR markers located on linkage group 2 which contains a growth-related QTL region. Seventy-two clones corresponding to 22 FPC contigs were sequenced by Illumina MiSeq technology. We co-assembled the MiSeq-derived scaffolds from each FPC contig with error-corrected PacBio reads, resulting in 187 sequences covering 9...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590662/a-full-body-transcriptome-and-proteome-resource-for-the-european-common-carp
#2
I C R M Kolder, S J van der Plas-Duivesteijn, G Tan, G F Wiegertjes, M Forlenza, A T Guler, D Y Travin, M Nakao, T Moritomo, I Irnazarow, J T den Dunnen, S Y Anvar, H J Jansen, R P Dirks, M Palmblad, B Lenhard, C V Henkel, H P Spaink
BACKGROUND: The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is the oldest, most domesticated and one of the most cultured fish species for food consumption. Besides its economic importance, the common carp is also highly suitable for comparative physiological and disease studies in combination with the animal model zebrafish (Danio rerio). They are genetically closely related but offer complementary benefits for fundamental research, with the large body mass of common carp presenting possibilities for obtaining sufficient cell material for advanced transcriptome and proteome studies...
2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467390/rapid-extraction-and-identification-of-maitotoxin-and-ciguatoxin-like-toxins-from-caribbean-and-pacific-gambierdiscus-using-a-new-functional-bioassay
#3
Richard J Lewis, Marco Inserra, Irina Vetter, William C Holland, D Ransom Hardison, Patricia A Tester, R Wayne Litaker
BACKGROUND: Ciguatera is a circumtropical disease produced by polyether sodium channel toxins (ciguatoxins) that enter the marine food chain and accumulate in otherwise edible fish. Ciguatoxins, as well as potent water-soluble polyethers known as maitotoxins, are produced by certain dinoflagellate species in the genus Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa spp. in the Pacific but little is known of the potential of related Caribbean species to produce these toxins. METHODS: We established a simplified procedure for extracting polyether toxins from Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa spp...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349260/understanding-pasifika-youth-and-the-obesogenic-environment-auckland-and-wellington-new-zealand
#4
Ridvan Tupai-Firestone, Hana Tuisano, Moana Manukia, Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Sunia Foliaki, Te Kani Kingi, Rozanne Kruger, Bernhard Breier, Angelique O'Connell, Rozanne Kruger, Barry Borman, Lis Ellison-Loschmann
AIM: In New Zealand, the burden of obesity is greatest among Pacific people, especially in children and adolescents. We investigated the factors of the obesogenic environment that were indigenous to Pasifika youths' social-cultural context, their food purchasing behaviours, and associated anthropometric measures. METHODS: An exploratory study of 30 Pasifika youth aged 16-24 years in Wellington and Auckland, New Zealand. RESULTS: A large proportion of the participants were obese (mean body mass index: 31...
2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009072/fish-food-security-and-health-in-pacific-island-countries-and-territories-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Karen E Charlton, Joanna Russell, Emma Gorman, Quentin Hanich, Aurélie Delisle, Brooke Campbell, Johann Bell
BACKGROUND: Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) face a double burden of disease, with a high prevalence of household food insecurity and childhood micronutrient deficiencies, accompanied by a burgeoning increase in adult obesity, diabetes and heart disease. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to assess whether increased availability of, and access to, fish improves a) household food security and b) individual nutritional status. RESULTS: A total of 29 studies were reviewed...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26590959/genetic-diversity-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-strains-isolated-from-farmed-pacific-white-shrimp-and-ambient-pond-water-affected-by-acute-hepatopancreatic-necrosis-disease-outbreak-in-thailand
#6
Kaknokrat Chonsin, Shigeaki Matsuda, Chonchanok Theethakaew, Toshio Kodama, Jiraphan Junjhon, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Orasa Suthienkul, Tetsuya Iida
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is an emerging shrimp disease that causes massive die-offs in farmed shrimps. Recent outbreaks of AHPND in Asia have been causing great losses for shrimp culture and have become a serious socioeconomic problem. The causative agent of AHPND is Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which is typically known to cause food-borne gastroenteritis in humans. However, there have been few reports of the epidemiology of V. parahaemolyticus AHPND strains, and the genetic relationship among AHPND strains is unclear...
January 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26519805/acute-toxicity-uptake-and-accumulation-kinetics-of-nickel-in-an-invasive-copepod-species-pseudodiaptomus-marinus
#7
Sofiène Tlili, Julien Ovaert, Anissa Souissi, Baghdad Ouddane, Sami Souissi
Pseudodiaptomus marinus is a marine calanoid copepod originating of the Indo-Pacific region, who has successfully colonized new areas and it was recently observed in the European side of the Mediterranean Sea as well as in the North Sea. Actually, many questions were posed about the invasive capacity of this copepod in several non-native ecosystems. In this context, the main aim of this study was to investigate the tolerance and the bioaccumulation of metallic stress in the invasive copepod P. marinus successfully maintained in mass culture at laboratory conditions since 2 years...
February 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26303643/dietary-habits-of-samoan-adults-in-an-urban-australian-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Kym C Perkins, Robert Ware, Lemalu Felise Tautalasoo, Ranandy Stanley, Lote Scanlan-Savelio, Lisa Schubert
OBJECTIVE: To describe key characteristics of the dietary habits of Samoans residing in Logan, Queensland and to compare these characteristics with comparable populations. DESIGN: Dietary intake was measured using a self-administered structured questionnaire between December 2012 and March 2013. Demographic characteristics included age and sex. Questionnaire results were compared with data from samples of Brisbane residents of similar social and economic characteristics and Pacific Islanders in New Zealand...
April 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25981093/improving-access-to-healthy-foods-for-asian-americans-native-hawaiians-and-pacific-islanders-lessons-learned-from-the-strive-program
#9
Simona C Kwon, Catlin Rideout, Shilpa Patel, Pedro Arista, Edward Tepporn, Jesse Lipman, Sarah Kunkel, Daniel Q Le, Kathy Ko Chin, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders (AANHPIs) experience a large burden from certain chronic disease-related risk factors. The STRIVE Program funded four AANHPI community-based organizations (CBOs) to implement culturally adapted community gardens and farmers' markets to increase access to healthy foods. Key CBO informant interviews were conducted to understand processes and lessons learned.
May 2015: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25931028/rapid-infection-and-proliferation-of-dactylogyrid-monogeneans-on-gills-of-spotted-rose-snapper-lutjanus-guttatus-after-transfer-to-a-sea-cage
#10
Lilia C Soler-Jiménez, Francisco N Morales-Serna, Emma J Fajer-Ávila
Finfish mariculture is typically threatened by parasite and disease outbreaks. Therefore, it is important to identify parasite species of potential risk for this activity. Snappers are valuable food fish worldwide. In the Eastern Pacific, spotted rose snapper (Lutjanus guttatus [Steindachner, 1869]) is a firm candidate for sea-cage aquaculture. In the current study, the parasitism of caged L. guttatus by dactylogyrids was evaluated for the first time during a complete farming period. Twenty five thousand juvenile fish produced at the Research Center for Food and Development (CIAD, Mazatlan Unit) were reared in a sentinel sea-cage from February to November 2012 in Mazatlan Bay, Mexico...
June 15, 2015: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25928990/fat-storage-syndrome-in-pacific-peoples-a-combination-of-environment-and-genetics
#11
REVIEW
R J Johnson, M A Lanaspa, L G Sanchez-Lozada, C J Rivard, P S Bjornstad, T Merriman, G Sundborn
Pacific people (especially Micronesian and Polynesian) have some of the highest rates of obesity and diabetes in the world that largely developed since the introduction of western culture and diet. Recent studies suggest that much of the risk relates to the excessive intake of sugar (sucrose) and carbohydrates, leading to a type of fat storage syndrome (metabolic syndrome). Here we discuss some of the environmental. genetic and epigenetic reasons why this group might be especially prone to developing obesity and diabetes compared to other ethnic groups...
March 2014: Pacific Health Dialog
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25905839/using-evidence-based-policy-systems-and-environmental-strategies-to-increase-access-to-healthy-food-and-opportunities-for-physical-activity-among-asian-americans-native-hawaiians-and-pacific-islanders
#12
Shilpa Patel, Simona Kwon, Pedro Arista, Ed Tepporn, Marianne Chung, Kathy Ko Chin, Catlin Rideout, Nadia Islam, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
Recent initiatives have focused on the dissemination of evidence-based policy, systems, and environmental (EBPSE) strategies to reduce health disparities. Targeted, community-level efforts are needed to supplement these approaches for comparable results among Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPIs).The STRIVE Project funded 15 Asian American and NHPI community-based organizations (CBOs) to implement culturally adapted strategies. Partners reached more than 1.4 million people at a cost of $2...
July 2015: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25634092/formative-research-to-inform-nutrition-interventions-in-chuuk-and-the-us-pacific
#13
Nia Aitaoto, Shelly Campo, Linda G Snetselaar, Kathleen F Janz, Karen B Farris, Edith Parker, Tayna Belyeu-Camacho, Ryan P Jimenez
The type 2 diabetes epidemic is a global health issue, and it is especially severe in the US Pacific. Although there are nutrition interventions in Hawaii and the Pacific, success is limited, in part, because of the lack of tailoring for the Pacific context. The Pacific context is inclusive of environment, political, and economic situation; historical (precontact, colonial, and post colonial) background; cultural practices; and spiritual orientation. This study used Grounded Theory and Community-Based Participatory Research processes to identify influences that hinder or facilitate adherence to nutrition recommendations...
June 2015: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25505357/love-thy-neighbour-or-opposites-attract-patterns-of-spatial-segregation-and-association-among-crested-penguin-populations-during-winter
#14
Norman Ratcliffe, Sarah Crofts, Ruth Brown, Alastair M M Baylis, Stacey Adlard, Catharine Horswill, Hugh Venables, Phil Taylor, Philip N Trathan, Iain J Staniland
AIM: Competition for food among populations of closely related species and conspecifics that occur in both sympatry and parapatry can be reduced by interspecific and intraspecific spatial segregation. According to predictions of niche partitioning, segregation is expected to occur at habitat boundaries among congeners and within habitats among conspecifics, while negative relationships in the density of species or populations will occur in areas of overlap. We tested these predictions by modelling the winter distributions of two crested penguin species from three colonies in the south-western Atlantic...
June 2014: Journal of Biogeography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24885057/tuberculosis-patients-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-tuberculosis-a-mixed-methods-study-from-the-pacific-island-nation-of-vanuatu
#15
Kerri A Viney, Penelope Johnson, Markleen Tagaro, Saen Fanai, Nguyen N Linh, Paul Kelly, David Harley, Adrian Sleigh
BACKGROUND: The setting for this study was the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu, an archipelago of 82 islands, located in the South Pacific Ocean. Our objective was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of tuberculosis (TB) patients towards TB. METHODS: This was a descriptive study using qualitative and quantitative methods. Quantitative analysis was based on the responses provided to closed questions, and we present frequencies to describe the TB patients' knowledge, attitudes and practice relating to TB...
May 17, 2014: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24772567/tolerance-of-wheat-poales-poaceae-seedlings-to-wireworm-coleoptera-elateridae
#16
Ryan W Higginbotham, Paul S Froese, Arron H Carter
Wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae), the subterranean larval stage of the click beetle, are becoming more prevalent in many cropping systems and posing an increasing economic threat to wheat growers in the Pacific Northwest following the cancellation of the insecticide lindane in 2006. Current insecticide seed treatments alone are not adequate for wireworm control. The objective of this study was to evaluate a diverse set of 163 wheat genotypes for tolerance to wireworm feeding. Entries were planted in replicated field trials over 3 yr and evaluated for their performance when grown in the presence of wireworms...
April 2014: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24759862/cultural-transmission-of-tool-use-by-indo-pacific-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-sp-provides-access-to-a-novel-foraging-niche
#17
Michael Krützen, Sina Kreicker, Colin D MacLeod, Jennifer Learmonth, Anna M Kopps, Pamela Walsham, Simon J Allen
Culturally transmitted tool use has important ecological and evolutionary consequences and has been proposed as a significant driver of human evolution. Such evidence is still scarce in other animals. In cetaceans, tool use has been inferred using indirect evidence in one population of Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.), where particular dolphins ('spongers') use marine sponges during foraging. To date, evidence of whether this foraging tactic actually provides access to novel food items is lacking...
June 7, 2014: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24758174/traditional-healers-and-the-potential-for-collaboration-with-the-national-tuberculosis-programme-in-vanuatu-results-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Kerri Viney, Penelope Johnson, Markleen Tagaro, Saen Fanai, Nguyen N Linh, Paul Kelly, David Harley, Adrian Sleigh
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted in the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu. Our objective was to assess knowledge, attitudes and practice of traditional healers who treat lung diseases and tuberculosis (TB), including their willingness to collaborate with the national TB programme. METHODS: This was a descriptive study using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Quantitative analysis was based on the responses provided to closed-ended questions, and we used descriptive analysis (frequencies) to describe the knowledge, attitudes and practice of the traditional healers towards TB...
April 23, 2014: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24626282/the-relationship-between-select-demographic-characteristics-and-body-mass-index-among-native-hawaiian-and-other-pacific-islander-caregiving-adults
#19
Katrina L Duncan, Jane H Lassetter, Gwen VanServellen, Lora Beth Brown, Lauren Clark, Sharla Morgan, Samantha Curtis, Brooke Alleger, Jaclyn Coleman, Arielle Muffler, Shemnon Miyamoto, Va Mounga, Roger Goodwill, Jonathan Cummings, Barbara Hanohano
PURPOSE: Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islanders (NHOPIs) have the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity in the world. We identified the proportion of our NHOPI sample in each body mass index (BMI) category and explored relationships between BMI and demographic characteristics. DESIGN/METHOD: Our descriptive correlational study included 364 NHOPI caregiver adults in Utah (n = 155) and Hawaii (n = 209). We gathered demographic information with a questionnaire...
January 2015: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24598939/lapita-diet-in-remote-oceania-new-stable-isotope-evidence-from-the-3000-year-old-teouma-site-efate-island-vanuatu
#20
Rebecca Kinaston, Hallie Buckley, Frederique Valentin, Stuart Bedford, Matthew Spriggs, Stuart Hawkins, Estelle Herrscher
Remote Oceania was colonized ca. 3000 BP by populations associated with the Lapita Cultural Complex, marking a major event in the prehistoric settlement of the Pacific Islands. Although over 250 Lapita sites have been found throughout the Western Pacific, human remains associated with Lapita period sites are rare. The site of Teouma, on Efate Island, Vanuatu has yielded the largest burial assemblage (n=68 inhumations) of Lapita period humans ever discovered, providing a unique opportunity for assessing human adaptation to the environment in a colonizing population...
2014: PloS One
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