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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#1
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355293/understanding-the-genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-of-yam-dioscorea-alata-l-using-microsatellite-markers
#2
Gemma Arnau, Ranjana Bhattacharjee, Sheela Mn, Hana Chair, Roger Malapa, Vincent Lebot, Abraham K, Xavier Perrier, Dalila Petro, Laurent Penet, Claudie Pavis
Yams (Dioscorea sp.) are staple food crops for millions of people in tropical and subtropical regions. Dioscorea alata, also known as greater yam, is one of the major cultivated species and most widely distributed throughout the tropics. Despite its economic and cultural importance, very little is known about its origin, diversity and genetics. As a consequence, breeding efforts for resistance to its main disease, anthracnose, have been fairly limited. The objective of this study was to contribute to the understanding of D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273353/do-larvae-from-deep-sea-hydrothermal-vents-disperse-in-surface-waters
#3
Takuya Yahagi, Hiromi Kayama Watanabe, Shigeaki Kojima, Yasunori Kano
Larval dispersal significantly contributes to the geographic distribution, population dynamics and evolutionary processes of animals endemic to deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Little is known as to the extent that their larvae migrate vertically to shallower waters and experience stronger currents and richer food supplies. Here, we first provide evidence from early life-history traits and population genetics for the surface dispersal of a vent species. Planktotrophic larvae of a red blood limpet, Shinkailepas myojinensis (Gastropoda: Neritimorpha: Phenacolepadidae), were cultured to observe their swimming behavior and to evaluate the effects of temperature on survival and growth...
March 8, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212462/climate-change-contaminant-interactions-in-marine-food-webs-toward-a-conceptual-framework
#4
REVIEW
Juan José Alava, William W L Cheung, Peter S Ross, U Rashid Sumaila
Climate change is reshaping the way in which contaminants move through the global environment, in large part by changing the chemistry of the oceans and affecting the physiology, health, and feeding ecology of marine biota. Climate change-associated impacts on structure and function of marine food webs, with consequent changes in contaminant transport, fate, and effects, are likely to have significant repercussions to those human populations that rely on fisheries resources for food, recreation, or culture...
February 17, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086843/evaluation-of-the-good-start-program-a-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-maori-and-pacific-islander-children-living-in-queensland-australia
#5
Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione, Lisa Schubert
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Australian population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the Good Start program, which aims to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity amongst Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Queensland. METHODS: The intervention was delivered to children aged 6-19 years (N = 375) in schools by multicultural health workers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073526/prevalence-of-algal-toxins-in-alaskan-marine-mammals-foraging-in-a-changing-arctic-and-subarctic-environment
#6
Kathi A Lefebvre, Lori Quakenbush, Elizabeth Frame, Kathy Burek Huntington, Gay Sheffield, Raphaela Stimmelmayr, Anna Bryan, Preston Kendrick, Heather Ziel, Tracey Goldstein, Jonathan A Snyder, Tom Gelatt, Frances Gulland, Bobette Dickerson, Verena Gill
Current climate trends resulting in rapid declines in sea ice and increasing water temperatures are likely to expand the northern geographic range and duration of favorable conditions for harmful algal blooms (HABs), making algal toxins a growing concern in Alaskan marine food webs. Two of the most common HAB toxins along the west coast of North America are the neurotoxins domoic acid (DA) and saxitoxin (STX). Over the last 20 years, DA toxicosis has caused significant illness and mortality in marine mammals along the west coast of the USA, but has not been reported to impact marine mammals foraging in Alaskan waters...
May 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068981/factors-affecting-evidence-use-in-food-policy-making-processes-in-health-and-agriculture-in-fiji
#7
Gade Waqa, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon, Marj Moodie
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on the use of evidence to inform policy-making in the Pacific. This study aims to identify and describe factors that facilitate or limit the use of evidence in food-related policy-making in the Health and Agriculture Ministries in Fiji. METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with selected policy-makers in two government ministries that were instrumental in the development of food-related policies in Fiji designed to prevent Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027626/developments-in-clinical-food-and-nutrition-science-in-indonesia
#8
REVIEW
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Indonesia, as a major population in the Asia Pacific region, threatened with food and health insecurity through climate change and rapid economic development, faces the challenge to build capacity among its science-based food and health professionals and institutions. The nutrition research agenda is now being more actively set within the region, rather than by external imposition. A series of papers emanating from a new generation of public health and clinical nutrition scientists is reported in this issue of APJCN...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821852/bac-pool-sequencing-and-analysis-confirms-growth-associated-qtls-in-the-asian-seabass-genome
#9
Xueyan Shen, Si Yan Ngoh, Natascha May Thevasagayam, Sai Rama Sridatta Prakki, Pranjali Bhandare, Andy Wee Kiat Tan, Gui Quan Tan, Siddharth Singh, Norman Chun Han Phua, Shubha Vij, László Orbán
The Asian seabass is an important marine food fish that has been cultured for several decades in Asia Pacific. However, the lack of a high quality reference genome has hampered efforts to improve its selective breeding. A 3D BAC pool set generated in this study was screened using 22 SSR markers located on linkage group 2 which contains a growth-related QTL region. Seventy-two clones corresponding to 22 FPC contigs were sequenced by Illumina MiSeq technology. We co-assembled the MiSeq-derived scaffolds from each FPC contig with error-corrected PacBio reads, resulting in 187 sequences covering 9...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590662/a-full-body-transcriptome-and-proteome-resource-for-the-european-common-carp
#10
I C R M Kolder, S J van der Plas-Duivesteijn, G Tan, G F Wiegertjes, M Forlenza, A T Guler, D Y Travin, M Nakao, T Moritomo, I Irnazarow, J T den Dunnen, S Y Anvar, H J Jansen, R P Dirks, M Palmblad, B Lenhard, C V Henkel, H P Spaink
BACKGROUND: The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is the oldest, most domesticated and one of the most cultured fish species for food consumption. Besides its economic importance, the common carp is also highly suitable for comparative physiological and disease studies in combination with the animal model zebrafish (Danio rerio). They are genetically closely related but offer complementary benefits for fundamental research, with the large body mass of common carp presenting possibilities for obtaining sufficient cell material for advanced transcriptome and proteome studies...
2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467390/rapid-extraction-and-identification-of-maitotoxin-and-ciguatoxin-like-toxins-from-caribbean-and-pacific-gambierdiscus-using-a-new-functional-bioassay
#11
Richard J Lewis, Marco Inserra, Irina Vetter, William C Holland, D Ransom Hardison, Patricia A Tester, R Wayne Litaker
BACKGROUND: Ciguatera is a circumtropical disease produced by polyether sodium channel toxins (ciguatoxins) that enter the marine food chain and accumulate in otherwise edible fish. Ciguatoxins, as well as potent water-soluble polyethers known as maitotoxins, are produced by certain dinoflagellate species in the genus Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa spp. in the Pacific but little is known of the potential of related Caribbean species to produce these toxins. METHODS: We established a simplified procedure for extracting polyether toxins from Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa spp...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349260/understanding-pasifika-youth-and-the-obesogenic-environment-auckland-and-wellington-new-zealand
#12
Ridvan Tupai-Firestone, Hana Tuisano, Moana Manukia, Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Sunia Foliaki, Te Kani Kingi, Rozanne Kruger, Bernhard Breier, Angelique O'Connell, Rozanne Kruger, Barry Borman, Lis Ellison-Loschmann
AIM: In New Zealand, the burden of obesity is greatest among Pacific people, especially in children and adolescents. We investigated the factors of the obesogenic environment that were indigenous to Pasifika youths' social-cultural context, their food purchasing behaviours, and associated anthropometric measures. METHODS: An exploratory study of 30 Pasifika youth aged 16-24 years in Wellington and Auckland, New Zealand. RESULTS: A large proportion of the participants were obese (mean body mass index: 31...
May 6, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009072/fish-food-security-and-health-in-pacific-island-countries-and-territories-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Karen E Charlton, Joanna Russell, Emma Gorman, Quentin Hanich, Aurélie Delisle, Brooke Campbell, Johann Bell
BACKGROUND: Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) face a double burden of disease, with a high prevalence of household food insecurity and childhood micronutrient deficiencies, accompanied by a burgeoning increase in adult obesity, diabetes and heart disease. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to assess whether increased availability of, and access to, fish improves a) household food security and b) individual nutritional status. RESULTS: A total of 29 studies were reviewed...
March 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26590959/genetic-diversity-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-strains-isolated-from-farmed-pacific-white-shrimp-and-ambient-pond-water-affected-by-acute-hepatopancreatic-necrosis-disease-outbreak-in-thailand
#14
Kaknokrat Chonsin, Shigeaki Matsuda, Chonchanok Theethakaew, Toshio Kodama, Jiraphan Junjhon, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Orasa Suthienkul, Tetsuya Iida
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is an emerging shrimp disease that causes massive die-offs in farmed shrimps. Recent outbreaks of AHPND in Asia have been causing great losses for shrimp culture and have become a serious socioeconomic problem. The causative agent of AHPND is Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which is typically known to cause food-borne gastroenteritis in humans. However, there have been few reports of the epidemiology of V. parahaemolyticus AHPND strains, and the genetic relationship among AHPND strains is unclear...
January 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26519805/acute-toxicity-uptake-and-accumulation-kinetics-of-nickel-in-an-invasive-copepod-species-pseudodiaptomus-marinus
#15
Sofiène Tlili, Julien Ovaert, Anissa Souissi, Baghdad Ouddane, Sami Souissi
Pseudodiaptomus marinus is a marine calanoid copepod originating of the Indo-Pacific region, who has successfully colonized new areas and it was recently observed in the European side of the Mediterranean Sea as well as in the North Sea. Actually, many questions were posed about the invasive capacity of this copepod in several non-native ecosystems. In this context, the main aim of this study was to investigate the tolerance and the bioaccumulation of metallic stress in the invasive copepod P. marinus successfully maintained in mass culture at laboratory conditions since 2 years...
February 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26303643/dietary-habits-of-samoan-adults-in-an-urban-australian-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kym C Perkins, Robert Ware, Lemalu Felise Tautalasoo, Ranandy Stanley, Lote Scanlan-Savelio, Lisa Schubert
OBJECTIVE: To describe key characteristics of the dietary habits of Samoans residing in Logan, Queensland and to compare these characteristics with comparable populations. DESIGN: Dietary intake was measured using a self-administered structured questionnaire between December 2012 and March 2013. Demographic characteristics included age and sex. Questionnaire results were compared with data from samples of Brisbane residents of similar social and economic characteristics and Pacific Islanders in New Zealand...
April 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25981093/improving-access-to-healthy-foods-for-asian-americans-native-hawaiians-and-pacific-islanders-lessons-learned-from-the-strive-program
#17
Simona C Kwon, Catlin Rideout, Shilpa Patel, Pedro Arista, Edward Tepporn, Jesse Lipman, Sarah Kunkel, Daniel Q Le, Kathy Ko Chin, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders (AANHPIs) experience a large burden from certain chronic disease-related risk factors. The STRIVE Program funded four AANHPI community-based organizations (CBOs) to implement culturally adapted community gardens and farmers' markets to increase access to healthy foods. Key CBO informant interviews were conducted to understand processes and lessons learned.
May 2015: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25931028/rapid-infection-and-proliferation-of-dactylogyrid-monogeneans-on-gills-of-spotted-rose-snapper-lutjanus-guttatus-after-transfer-to-a-sea-cage
#18
Lilia C Soler-Jiménez, Francisco N Morales-Serna, Emma J Fajer-Ávila
Finfish mariculture is typically threatened by parasite and disease outbreaks. Therefore, it is important to identify parasite species of potential risk for this activity. Snappers are valuable food fish worldwide. In the Eastern Pacific, spotted rose snapper (Lutjanus guttatus [Steindachner, 1869]) is a firm candidate for sea-cage aquaculture. In the current study, the parasitism of caged L. guttatus by dactylogyrids was evaluated for the first time during a complete farming period. Twenty five thousand juvenile fish produced at the Research Center for Food and Development (CIAD, Mazatlan Unit) were reared in a sentinel sea-cage from February to November 2012 in Mazatlan Bay, Mexico...
June 15, 2015: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25928990/fat-storage-syndrome-in-pacific-peoples-a-combination-of-environment-and-genetics
#19
REVIEW
R J Johnson, M A Lanaspa, L G Sanchez-Lozada, C J Rivard, P S Bjornstad, T Merriman, G Sundborn
Pacific people (especially Micronesian and Polynesian) have some of the highest rates of obesity and diabetes in the world that largely developed since the introduction of western culture and diet. Recent studies suggest that much of the risk relates to the excessive intake of sugar (sucrose) and carbohydrates, leading to a type of fat storage syndrome (metabolic syndrome). Here we discuss some of the environmental. genetic and epigenetic reasons why this group might be especially prone to developing obesity and diabetes compared to other ethnic groups...
March 2014: Pacific Health Dialog
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25905839/using-evidence-based-policy-systems-and-environmental-strategies-to-increase-access-to-healthy-food-and-opportunities-for-physical-activity-among-asian-americans-native-hawaiians-and-pacific-islanders
#20
Shilpa Patel, Simona Kwon, Pedro Arista, Ed Tepporn, Marianne Chung, Kathy Ko Chin, Catlin Rideout, Nadia Islam, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
Recent initiatives have focused on the dissemination of evidence-based policy, systems, and environmental (EBPSE) strategies to reduce health disparities. Targeted, community-level efforts are needed to supplement these approaches for comparable results among Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPIs).The STRIVE Project funded 15 Asian American and NHPI community-based organizations (CBOs) to implement culturally adapted strategies. Partners reached more than 1.4 million people at a cost of $2...
July 2015: American Journal of Public Health
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