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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748745/histamine-poisoning-from-insect-consumption-an-outbreak-investigation-from-thailand
#1
Summon Chomchai, Chulathida Chomchai
BACKGROUND: Insect consumption is a common practice in the Asian culture and all over the world. We are reporting an outbreak investigation of histamine poisoning from ingestion of fried insects. METHODS: On 24 July 2014, a group of students at a seminar presented to Angthong Provincial Hospital, Thailand, with pruritic rash after ingesting snacks consisting of fried insects from a vendor. We initiated an outbreak investigation with retrospective cohort design and collected samples of remaining foods for analyses...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748738/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-eating-and-disease-self-management-among-older-adults-residing-in-subsidized-housing
#2
Katherine Petroka, Rania Campbell-Bussiere, Dan K Dychtwald, Brandy-Joe Milliron
BACKGROUND: As adults transition into older ages, meeting age-specific dietary recommendations can become increasingly challenging, especially for low-income seniors who reside in publicly subsidized rental housing. AIM: The primary objectives of this study were to: 1) identify barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and self-management of nutrition-related chronic illnesses experienced by low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting; and 2) assess the interest in community nutrition programming among low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747934/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-an-11-year-old-south-american-boy-medical-and-cultural-challenges
#3
Jonah Schermbrucker, Melissa Kimber, Natasha Johnson, Sarah Kearney, Jennifer Couturier
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is new in the DSM-5, replacing the DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of Feeding Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood. ARFID has no age criterion, and therefore addresses eating disturbances across the lifespan. This report illustrates the case of an 11-year-old boy of Colombian ancestry with ARFID and explores the role of culture in the diagnosis of ARFID. To date, literature describing this disorder is limited. ARFID is often seen in the child and adolescent population and can have significant medical consequences, including weight loss, hemodynamic instability, and growth retardation...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747905/from-ecological-stoichiometry-to-biochemical-composition-variation-in-n-and-p-supply-alters-key-biosynthetic-rates-in-marine-phytoplankton
#4
Julia Grosse, Amanda Burson, Maayke Stomp, Jef Huisman, Henricus T S Boschker
One of the major challenges in ecological stoichiometry is to establish how environmental changes in resource availability may affect both the biochemical composition of organisms and the species composition of communities. This is a pressing issue in many coastal waters, where anthropogenic activities have caused large changes in riverine nutrient inputs. Here we investigate variation in the biochemical composition and synthesis of amino acids, fatty acids (FA), and carbohydrates in mixed phytoplankton communities sampled from the North Sea...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746825/differential-expression-of-glucagon-like-peptide-2-glp-2-is-involved-in-pancreatic-islet-cell-adaptations-to-stress-and-beta-cell-survival
#5
Dawood Khan, Srividya Vasu, R Charlotte Moffett, Nigel Irwin, Peter R Flatt
Recent studies have confirmed that locally released proglucagon derived gene products, other than glucagon, have a major influence on pancreatic endocrine function. We assessed the impact of glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) on beta-cell secretory function, proliferation and apoptosis, as well as glucose tolerance, feeding behaviour and islet adaptions to chemically-induced insulin deficiency and resistance. The GLP-2 receptor was evidenced on cultured rodent and human beta-cells, rodent alpha-cells and isolated mouse islets...
July 23, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744990/biotechnological-application-of-yeasts-in-food-science-starter-cultures-probiotics-and-enzyme-production
#6
REVIEW
María Arevalo-Villena, Ana Briones-Perez, Maria Rosaria Corbo, Milena Sinigaglia, Antonio Bevilacqua
This review is an account of experiences of two research teams (from Italy and Spain); the leading idea is the following: yeasts represent valuable sources in food science and microbiology and are a kind of food factories, because of the potentiality of whole cells or for their produced compounds. The review covers three major areas: the first section addresses the role of yeasts as starter cultures with a special focus on wine. The second section is an update on probiotic yeasts. Finally, the focus of the last section is on enzymes produced by yeasts, with a short description of the removal of mycotoxin...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744834/extra-adrenal-glucocorticoids-contribute-to-the-postprandial-increase-of-circulating-leptin-in-mice
#7
Yuka Tomabechi, Takeshi Tsuruta, Shinichi Saito, Martin Wabitsch, Kei Sonoyama
Leptin, an adipokine secreted by white adipocytes, is known for its function in regulating food intake and energy expenditure, but the mechanisms regulating its circulating levels is not fully understood. Our previous findings suggest that as yet unidentified humoral factors released from enterocytes are involved. The present study tested glucocorticoids (GCs) as candidate factors. Supplementation of corticosterone and cortisol promoted leptin production in murine adipocytes from the 3T3-L1 cell strain and human adipocytes from the Simpson Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) cell strain, respectively...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742538/anaphylaxis-and-intimate-behaviour
#8
Gennaro Liccardi, Marco Caminati, Gian Enrico Senna, Luigino Calzetta, Paola Rogliani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intimate behaviours may represent an unusual way of exposure to a culprit allergen, or the frame for sex-related allergies due to triggers typically linked to that situation. The present review aims at summarizing the state of the art about the topic, in order to spread the awareness and the basic know-how in the field of sexual-related allergies. RECENT FINDINGS: Kiss-related IgE-mediated reactions are caused in sensitized partners mainly by the passive transport of allergenic molecules through saliva, skin or oral mucosa...
July 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738912/changes-in-dietary-intake-following-a-culturally-adapted-lifestyle-intervention-among-iraqi-immigrants-to-sweden-at-high-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-trial
#9
Faiza Siddiqui, Vicky Winther, Azra Kurbasic, Emily Sonestedt, Katarina Balcker Lundgren, Staffan Lindeberg, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of a culturally adapted lifestyle intervention for changing dietary intake, particularly energy, fat and fibre intakes, in the intervention group (IG) compared with the control group (CG). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: IG (n 50) and CG (n 46). The IG was offered seven group sessions, including one cooking class, over a period of 4 months. The participants filled out 4 d food diaries at the start, mid and end of the study...
July 25, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736146/lipid-accumulation-potential-of-oleaginous-yeasts-a-comparative-evaluation-using-food-waste-leachate-as-a-substrate
#10
Davidraj Johnravindar, Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, Ammaiyappan Selvam, Kumarasamy Murugesan, Jonathan W C Wong
In present study, the efficiency of three oleaginous yeasts i.e., Yarrowia lipolytica, Rhodotorula glutinis and Cryptococcus curvatus were compared for their lipid assimilation capacities using three different FW-leachates as a medium. The FW-leachates were collected from dry anaerobic digesters and diluted to achieve carbohydrate content of 25gL(-1) prior to yeast inoculations. Around 5% of yeast cultures were individually mixed in three different FW-leachate mediums and incubated under 30°C and 150rpm agitation for 6days...
June 29, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735580/high-protein-goat-s-milk-diet-identified-through-newborn-screening-clinical-warning-of-a-potentially-dangerous-dietetic-practice
#11
Evelina Maines, Giorgia Gugelmo, Elisa Tadiotto, Angelo Pietrobelli, Natascia Campostrini, Andrea Pasini, Florina Ion-Popa, Monica Vincenzi, Francesca Teofoli, Marta Camilot, Andrea Bordugo
OBJECTIVE: Breast-feeding is an unequalled way of providing optimal food for infants' healthy growth and development and the WHO recommends that infants should be exclusively breast-fed for the first 6 months of life. For mothers who are unable to breast-feed or who decide not to, infant formulas are the safest alternative. Despite recommendations, it is possible that parents make potentially harmful nutritional choices for their children because of cultural beliefs or misinformation on infant nutrition...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#12
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731471/changes-in-nutrient-stoichiometry-elemental-homeostasis-and-growth-rate-of-aquatic-litter-associated-fungi-in-response-to-inorganic-nutrient-supply
#13
Vladislav Gulis, Kevin A Kuehn, Louie N Schoettle, Desiree Leach, Jonathan P Benstead, Amy D Rosemond
Aquatic fungi mediate important energy and nutrient transfers in freshwater ecosystems, a role potentially altered by widespread eutrophication. We studied the effects of dissolved nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) concentrations and ratios on fungal stoichiometry, elemental homeostasis, nutrient uptake and growth rate in two experiments that used (1) liquid media and a relatively recalcitrant carbon (C) source and (2) fungi grown on leaf litter in microcosms. Two monospecific fungal cultures and a multi-species assemblage were assessed in each experiment...
July 21, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730143/long-term-temporal-trends-of-nosema-spp-infection-prevalence-in-northeast-germany-continuous-spread-of-nosema-ceranae-an-emerging-pathogen-of-honey-bees-apis-mellifera-but-no-general-replacement-of-nosema-apis
#14
Sebastian Gisder, Vivian Schüler, Lennart L Horchler, Detlef Groth, Elke Genersch
The Western honey bee (Apis mellifera) is widely used as commercial pollinator in worldwide agriculture and, therefore, plays an important role in global food security. Among the parasites and pathogens threatening health and survival of honey bees are two species of microsporidia, Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. Nosema ceranae is considered an emerging pathogen of the Western honey bee. Reports on the spread of N. ceranae suggested that this presumably highly virulent species is replacing its more benign congener N...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729382/recommended-clinical-trial-end-points-for-dialysis-catheters
#15
Michael Allon, Deborah J Brouwer-Maier, Kenneth Abreo, Kevin M Baskin, Kay Bregel, Deepa H Chand, Andrea M Easom, Leonard Mermel, Michele H Mokrzycki, Priti R Patel, Prabir Roy-Chaudhury, Surendra Shenoy, Rudolph P Valentini, Haimanot Wasse
Central venous catheters are used frequently in patients on hemodialysis as a bridge to a permanent vascular access. They are prone to frequent complications, including catheter-related bloodstream infection, catheter dysfunction, and central vein obstruction. There is a compelling need to develop new drugs or devices to prevent central venous catheter complications. We convened a multidisciplinary panel of experts to propose standardized definitions of catheter end points to guide the design of future clinical trials seeking approval from the Food and Drug Administration...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729072/recycling-of-food-waste-for-fuel-precursors-using-an-integrated-bio-refinery-approach
#16
O P Karthikeyan, H T Nguyen Hao, Ali Razaghi, Kirsten Heimann
The main aim was to integrate FW-recycling with cultivation of Rhodotorula glutinis and anaerobic digestion (AD) for bio-energy and -fuel recovery. Mixed FW was mechanically macerated (Pcon) and hydrolysed (at 250gL(-1) water) via chemical (Ch), thermal (Th) and TCh (combined Ch and Th) treatments. Cleared hydrolysates from individual pre-treatment processes were used as culture medium for cultivation of R. glutinis, while the residual solids (RS) were subjected to AD. Pcon cultivation yielded maximal R. glutinis dry weight biomass (5...
June 26, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726757/characterization-of-essential-oil-composition-in-different-basil-species-and-pot-cultures-by-a-gc-ms-method
#17
Andrea Muráriková, Anton Ťažký, Jarmila Neugebauerová, Alexandra Planková, Josef Jampílek, Pavel Mučaji, Peter Mikuš
Basil (Ocimum L.) species are used as medicinal plants due to their essential oils exhibiting specific biological activity. The present work demonstrated that both the variety and season/conditions of cultivation had a significant effect on (i) the produced amount (extraction yield), (ii) qualitative, as well as (iii) quantitative profile of basil essential oil. Among studied basil varieties, a new variety, 'Mánes', was characterized for the first time. Based on our quantitative evaluation of GC-MS profiles, the following chemotypes and average concentrations of a main component were detected in the studied basil varieties: 'Ohře', 'Lettuce Leaf', 'Purple Opaal', 'Dark Green' (linalool, 5...
July 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725632/medicinal-importance-pharmacological-activities-and-analytical-aspects-of-hispidulin-a-concise-report
#18
REVIEW
Kanika Patel, Dinesh Kumar Patel
Herbal medicines have been played an important role in the human civilization since very ancient time as a food, cloth, medicine and other aspects. Some of the important drugs in the modern medicine were derived from the natural sources such as aspirin, digitalis, quinine, vincristine, vinblastine etc. Hispidulin (4', 5, 7-trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavone) is a flavones derivative found in plant such as Grindelia argentina, Arrabidaea chica, Saussurea involucrate, Crossostephium chinense, Artemisia and Salvia species...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725217/metagenomics-the-next-culture-independent-game-changer
#19
REVIEW
Jessica D Forbes, Natalie C Knox, Jennifer Ronholm, Franco Pagotto, Aleisha Reimer
A trend towards the abandonment of obtaining pure culture isolates in frontline laboratories is at a crossroads with the ability of public health agencies to perform their basic mandate of foodborne disease surveillance and response. The implementation of culture-independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs) including nucleic acid and antigen-based assays for acute gastroenteritis is leaving public health agencies without laboratory evidence to link clinical cases to each other and to food or environmental substances...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725198/3d-reconstruction-of-the-digestive-system-in-octopus-vulgaris-cuvier-1797-embryos-and-paralarvae-during-the-first-month-of-life
#20
Raquel Fernández-Gago, Martin Heß, Heidemarie Gensler, Francisco Rocha
Octopus vulgaris aquaculture is limited due to poor biological knowledge of the paralarval stages (e.g., digestive system functionality), their nutritional requirements (e.g., adequate live diet) and standardization of rearing techniques. These factors are important in explaining the high mortality rate observed in this developmental stage under culture conditions. For a better understanding of nutrition biology of this species, we investigated the 3D microanatomy of the digestive tract of the embryo and paralarvae during the first month of life...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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