keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychological disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817418/neuromodulation-and-neurofeedback-treatments-in-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#1
Bethan Dalton, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychological interventions are the treatment of choice for most eating disorders; however, significant proportions of patients do not recover with these. Advances in understanding of the neurobiology of eating disorders have led to the development of targeted treatments, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and neurofeedback. We review the emerging clinical evidence for the use of these interventions in eating disorders and obesity, together with their theoretical rationale...
August 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816563/highlighting-the-differences-in-post-traumatic-symptoms-between-patients-with-complicated-and-uncomplicated-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-injured-controls
#2
J Julien, S Tinawi, K Anderson, L C Frenette, H Audrit, M C Ferland, M Feyz, E De Guise
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study is to explore the difference in acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), headaches, sleep and mood complaints between groups of patients with complicated and uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) and a comparable group of injured controls. Interactions among the following four factors were studied: presence of (1) PCS; (2) headaches; (3) sleep disorders; and (4) psychological status. METHODS: A total of 198 patients, followed at the outpatient mTBI clinic of the MUHC-MGH, completed questionnaires and a brief neurological assessment two weeks post-trauma...
August 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816501/problematic-gaming-exists-and-is-an-example-of-disordered-gaming
#3
Mark D Griffiths, Daria J Kuss, Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Halley M Pontes
Background The recent paper by Aarseth et al. (2016) questioned whether problematic gaming should be considered a new disorder particularly because "Gaming Disorder" (GD) has been identified as a disorder to be included in the next (11th) revision of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Methods This study uses contemporary literature to argue why GD should be included in the ICD-11. Results Aarseth and colleagues acknowledge that there is much literature (including papers by some of the authors themselves) that some individuals experience serious problems with video gaming...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815985/sticking-with-it-psychotherapy-outcomes-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-university-counseling-center-setting
#4
Emily Anderberg, Jonathan C Cox, E Shannon Neeley Tass, David M Erekson, Terisa P Gabrielsen, Jared S Warren, Jared Cline, Devin Petersen, Mikle South
Young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience high rates of comorbid mental health concerns in addition to distress arising from the core symptoms of autism. Many adults with ASD seek psychological treatment in outpatient facilities in their communities that are not specifically geared toward individuals with ASD. However, few studies have looked at the effectiveness of standard psychotherapeutic care in adults with ASD. This study aimed to discover how individuals with ASD fare in psychotherapy within a college counseling setting, compared to their neurotypical peers...
August 17, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815744/identifying-prebariatric-subtypes-based-on-temperament-traits-emotion-dysregulation-and-disinhibited-eating-a-latent-profile-analysis
#5
Lisa Schäfer, Claudia Hübner, Thomas Carus, Beate Herbig, Florian Seyfried, Stefan Kaiser, Tatjana Schütz, Arne Dietrich, Anja Hilbert
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of bariatric surgery has been proven; however, a subset of patients fails to achieve expected long-term weight loss postoperatively. As differences in surgery outcome may be influenced by heterogeneous psychological profiles in prebariatric patients, previous subtyping models differentiated patients based on temperament traits. The objective of this study was to expand these models by additionally considering emotion dysregulation and disinhibited eating behaviors for subtyping, as these factors were associated with maladaptive eating behaviors and poor postbariatric weight loss outcome...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815331/meta-analysis-of-the-long-term-treatment-effects-of-psychological-interventions-in-youth-with-ptsd-symptoms
#6
REVIEW
Jana Gutermann, Laura Schwartzkopff, Regina Steil
To date, the long-term effectiveness of psychological treatments in reducing post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in children and adolescents has not been investigated extensively. This meta-analysis quantifies the long-term effects of psychological interventions in children and adolescents with PTSD symptoms and examines the period-dependent follow-up (FU) effects based on 47 studies. The mean FU effect sizes (ESs) for PTSD symptoms ranged from medium (between treatment ESs for controlled studies) to large (within treatment ESs for uncontrolled studies; pooled analysis including all studies)...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814874/la-belle-indiff%C3%A3-rence-revisited-a-case-report-on-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-misdiagnosed-as-conversion-disorder
#7
Petra J van Meerkerk-Aanen, Lars de Vroege, David Khasho, Aziza Foruz, J Thies van Asseldonk, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans, neurological disorders have less often been falsely labeled as conversion disorder (CD). However, misdiagnosis of a neurological disorder as CD still occurs, especially in cases with insidious onset. Misinterpretation of la belle indifférence may contribute to such misdiagnosis. Here, we describe a case of progressive supranuclear palsy/Richardson's syndrome (PSPS) misdiagnosed as a case of CD. CASE: A 62-year-old woman consulted two different neurologists in 2012 because of falling spells since 2009 and was diagnosed with CD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814330/novel-remote-electronic-medication-supply-model-for-opioid-dependent-outpatients-with-polypharmacy-first-long-term-case-study
#8
Samuel S Allemann, Kenneth M Dürsteler, Johannes Strasser, Marc Vogel, Marcel Stoeckle, Kurt E Hersberger, Isabelle Arnet
BACKGROUND: Patients with substance use disorders grow older thanks to effective treatments. Together with a high prevalence of comorbidities, psychological problems, and low social support, these patients are at high risk for medication non-adherence. Established treatment facilities face challenges to accommodate these complex patients within their setting. Electronic medication management aids (e-MMAs) might be appropriate to simultaneously monitor and improve adherence for these patients...
August 16, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#9
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814317/collaborative-care-for-panic-disorder-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-social-phobia-in-general-practice-study-protocol-for-three-cluster-randomised-superiority-trials
#10
Nadja Kehler Curth, Ursula Ødum Brinck-Claussen, Annette Sofie Davidsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Merete Lundsteen, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Claudio Csillag, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: People with anxiety disorders represent a significant part of a general practitioner's patient population. However, there are organisational obstacles for optimal treatment, such as a lack of coordination of illness management and limited access to evidence-based treatment such as cognitive behavioral therapy. A limited number of studies suggest that collaborative care has a positive effect on symptoms for people with anxiety disorders. However, most studies are carried out in the USA and none have reported results for social phobia or generalised anxiety disorder separately...
August 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813475/evaluation-of-the-adaptogenic-potential-exerted-by-ginsenosides-rb1-and-rg1-against-oxidative-stress-mediated-neurotoxicity-in-an-in-vitro-neuronal-model
#11
Carlos Fernández-Moriano, Elena González-Burgos, Irene Iglesias, Rafael Lozano, M Pilar Gómez-Serranillos
BACKGROUND: Ginseng (Panax sp.) is a drug with multiple pharmacological actions that has been largely used in traditional medicines for the treatment of many health problems. In the therapy of neurodegenerative disorders, it has been employed due to its capacity to strengthen mental processes by enhancing cognitive performance and psychological function. Current work aimed at evaluating the adaptogenic potential of Rb1 and Rg1 against oxidative-stress mediated degeneration in a model of nervous cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813346/current-opinion-in-clinical-sport-psychology-from-athletic-performance-to-psychological-well-being
#12
REVIEW
Zella E Moore, Kehana Bonagura
Clinical sport psychology (CSP) is a contemporary, empirically informed model that employs a scope, style, and mode of practice built upon cutting-edge findings from both clinical and sport sciences, and that follows the sound methodological traditions of clinical psychology [1(••)]. Conceptualizing athletic performance and well-being through the context of empirical research in both athletic and nonathletic domains of functioning, CSP practice can involve the enhancement of athletic performance, and also the personal development and psychological well-being of performers...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813317/mindfulness-in-ptsd-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Ariel J Lang
In recent years, the field has witnessed considerable enthusiasm for the ancient practice of mindfulness. The skills derived from this experience, including focused attention, nonjudgmental acceptance of internal experiences and reduced autonomic reactivity, may be helpful in counteracting pathological responses to trauma. Several types of interventions that incorporate principles of mindfulness have been examined for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This nascent literature is inconsistent and methodologically limited but does suggest that mindfulness is a potentially important tool for creating psychological change...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813306/telehealth-and-ehealth-interventions-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Leslie A Morland, Carolyn J Greene, Craig S Rosen, Eric Kuhn, Julia Hoffman, Denise M Sloan
This paper presents existing research describing how telehealth and eHealth technologies can be used to improve mental health services for trauma survivors, either by enhancing existing treatment approaches or as a stand-alone means of delivering trauma-relevant information and interventions. The potential ways in which telemedicine technologies aide in overcoming barriers to care is first addressed in terms of providing mental health treatment. We then outline how different telehealth and eHealth tools can be used for key therapeutic tasks, including the provision of self-guided interventions, remote delivery of psychotherapy, and augmentation of psychological treatments...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813285/cognitive-behavioral-couple-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Norman B Epstein, Le Zheng
This article describes how cognitive-behavioral couple therapy (CBCT) provides a good fit for intervening with a range of stressors that couples experience from within and outside their relationship. It takes an ecological perspective in which a couple is influenced by multiple systemic levels. We provide an overview of assessment and intervention strategies used to modify negative behavioral interaction patterns, inappropriate or distorted cognitions, and problems with the experience and regulation of emotions...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813188/cannabis-related-problems-and-social-anxiety-the-mediational-role-of-post-event-processing
#16
Anthony H Ecker, Julia D Buckner
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in the US, and is associated with a range of psychological, social, and physical health-related problems. Individuals who endorse elevated levels of social anxiety are especially at risk for experiencing cannabis-related problems, including cannabis use disorder, despite not using cannabis more often than those with more normative social anxiety. Identification of mechanisms that underlie the relationship between social anxiety and cannabis-related problems may inform treatment and prevention efforts...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811835/mental-health-care-providers-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-suicide-prevention-amongst-people-with-substance-use-disorders-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#17
Daniel Goldstone, Jason Bantjes
BACKGROUND: Substance use is a well-established, and potentially modifiable, risk factor for suicide. Suicide prevention interventions are typically framed within the biomedical paradigm and focus on addressing individual risk factors, improving access to psychiatric care, and improving the skills of medical personnel to recognise at-risk individuals. Few studies have focused on contextual factors that hinder suicide prevention in people with substance use disorders, particularly in low-resource settings...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#18
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810973/the-influence-of-combat-experience-on-psychologically-healthy-soldiers-attentiveness-to-environmental-threats
#19
Bethany Ranes, Chris P Long, Stephanie Traynham, Amanda Hayes
INTRODUCTION: In contrast to previous research that has primarily examined how psychological disorders (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD], anxiety) are affected by and affect individuals' threat perceptions, this study examines the relationship between combat experience and threat-monitoring in psychologically healthy Soldiers. Existing research has established how prolonged or intense experiences with war-related stressors can lead individuals to undergo an unconscious fear-conditioning process that affects the circuitry of the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and anterior cingulate cortex regions of the brain...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810970/completion-of-a-veteran-focused-civic-service-program-improves-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Karen A Lawrence, Monica M Matthieu, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
INTRODUCTION: Volunteering as a health promotion intervention is positively related to improved health and well-being in civilians and older adults. Yet, the impacts of participating in a community-based volunteering program on returning military veterans have not been studied, nor have the outcomes for veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, pre-post survey examines health, psychological, and social outcomes from a cohort of post-9/11/01 veterans with (N = 67) and without a reported TBI history (N = 273) who completed a 6-month, 20-hour per week veteran-focused civic service program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
keyword
keyword
72459
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"