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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215172/the-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-pde-5i-for-erectile-dysfunction-ed-a-therapeutic-challenge-for-psychiatrists
#1
Chong Siew Koon, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Ong Wan Xi, Muhammad Hizri Hatta, Cesar Alfonso
Erectile function (EF) is a prerequisite for satisfactory sexual intercourse (SI) and central to male sexual functioning. Satisfactory SI eventually leads to orgasm - a biopsychophysiological state of euphoria - leading to a sense of bliss, enjoyment and positive mental well being. For a psychiatrist, treating ED is self-propelled to harmonize these pleasurable experiences alongside with encouragement of physical wellness and sensuality. Hence, the role of PDE-5i is pivotal in the context of treating ED constitutes a therapeutic challenge...
February 15, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101747/adolescents-conflict-management-styles-with-mothers-longitudinal-associations-with-parenting-and-reactance
#2
Lies Christine Missotten, Koen Luyckx, Susan Branje, Stijn Van Petegem
Adolescents' conflict management styles with parents are assumed to have an important impact on the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship and on adolescents' psychosocial development. Longitudinal research investigating possible determinants of these conflict management skills is scarce. The parenting context and adolescents' tendency to reject maternal authority are expected to shape adolescents' conflict management styles. Therefore, the present three-wave longitudinal study focuses on how parenting and adolescents' reactance relates to adolescents' conflict management styles and conflict frequency with mothers over time, and whether reactance may also explain the associations between parenting and certain conflict variables...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045884/a-study-of-interpersonal-conflict-among-operating-room-nurses
#3
Tsui-Fen Chang, Chung-Kuang Chen, Ming-Jia Chen
BACKGROUND: Team collaboration is an important factor that affects the performance of the operating room (OR). Therefore, the ability of OR nurses to adapt to and manage interpersonal conflict incidents properly is very important. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to investigate the interpersonal conflict management capabilities of OR nursing staffs and to find the relationships among the demographics of OR nurses and the following: work-related variables, interpersonal conflict management style, and target of interpersonal conflict...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936944/adolescents-and-best-friend-s-depressive-symptoms-and-conflict-management-intraindividual-and-interpersonal-processes-over-time
#4
Elise Boersma-van Dam, Bill Hale, Hans Koot, Wim Meeus, Susan Branje
This 6-year longitudinal study examined the relation between 3 conflict management styles (i.e., problem solving, conflict engagement, and compliance) and depressive symptoms in adolescent-best friend relationships. Participants were 479 Dutch adolescents and their best friend who reported annually on depressive symptoms and conflict management styles toward each other. Bidirectional effects between conflict management styles and depressive symptoms were studied both within adolescents (intraindividual) and between adolescent best friends (interpersonal)...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843510/medication-related-self-management-behaviors-among-arthritis-patients-does-attentional-coping-style-matter
#5
Lorie L Geryk, Susan J Blalock, Robert F DeVellis, Joanne M Jordan, Paul K J Han, Delesha M Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the attentional coping styles (monitoring and blunting) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) patients and: (a) receipt of medication information; (b) receipt of conflicting medication information; (c) ambiguity aversion; (d) medication-related discussions with doctors and spouse/partners; and (e) medication adherence. METHOD: A sample of 328 adults with a self-reported diagnosis of arthritis (RA n=159; OA n=149) completed an Internet-based survey...
2016: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745723/-psychological-processes-of-stress-management-and-neuroendocrine-regulation-in-incarcerated-adolescent-offenders-a-pilot-study
#6
L Guillod, S Habersaat, M Suter, T Jeanneret, C Bertoni, P Stéphan, S Urben
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a stressful period where important biological, psychological and social changes occur. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable during this developmental period and can use various strategies to deal with daily stress, such as substance use or externalizing behaviors. In previous studies, stress in adolescents with externalizing behaviors was often linked to ineffective cognitive coping strategies (i.e., constructive thinking) and overlooking the biological aspects involved in stress management such as neuroendocrine regulation...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664213/should-we-individualize-lipid-profiling-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
Inger Sundström Poromaa, Jan Roar Mellembakken, Laure Morin Papunen, Terhi Piltonen, Johanna Puurunen, Juha S Tapanainen, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Eszter Vanky, Pernille Ravn, Dorte Glintborg, Marianne Andersen
STUDY QUESTION: Is it necessary to monitor lipid profiles in all young women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lipid profiling is required when women with PCOS develop type 2 diabetes (T2D) or hypertension, but rarely changes clinical care before the age of 35 years. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PCOS consensus statements and guidelines recommend that women with PCOS should be screened for dyslipidaemia every second year or annually...
September 22, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455139/-resilience-in-palestinian-adolescents-living-in-gaza-correction-to-aitcheson-et-al-2016
#8
(no author information available yet)
: Reports an error in "Resilience in Palestinian Adolescents Living in Gaza" by Rozanna J. Aitcheson, Soleman H. Abu-Bader, Mary K. Howell, Deena Khalil and Salman Elbedour (Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Advanced Online Publication, May 30, 2016, np). There were grammatical errors to the Method section of the abstract and the Method subsection Participants. Corrected versions are provided. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-26488-001...
January 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406626/end-of-life-care-in-nursing-homes-translating-focus-group-findings-into-action
#9
Johannes Bükki, Petra M Neuhaus, Piret Paal
Therapeutic options for nursing home residents focus on functional improvement, while inadequate hospital admissions in the dying phase are frequent. The aim of this study was to explore views, attitudes, and concerns among staff and to embark on a process that facilitates end-of-life care on an institutional level. Three focus group interviews were conducted with nursing home staff (nurses, care managers, physicians). The discussants (22) expressed the following issues: workload; ethical conflicts; additional resources; "living palliative care"; deleterious effect of restorative aims; lack of training; fear; knowledge and skills; rituals; lack of attachment, frustration, and abuse; team; discouragement; resilience enhanced by good care; style of communication; avoidance; the "palliative status"; legal concerns and hospital admissions...
November 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341487/policy-challenges-and-approaches-for-the-conservation-of-mangrove-forests-in-southeast-asia
#10
Daniel A Friess, Benjamin S Thompson, Ben Brown, A Aldrie Amir, Clint Cameron, Heather J Koldewey, Sigit D Sasmito, Frida Sidik
Many drivers of mangrove forest loss operate over large scales and are most effectively addressed by policy interventions. However, conflicting or unclear policy objectives exist at multiple tiers of government, resulting in contradictory management decisions. To address this, we considered four approaches that are being used increasingly or could be deployed in Southeast Asia to ensure sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation. First, a stronger incorporation of mangroves into marine protected areas (that currently focus largely on reefs and fisheries) could resolve some policy conflicts and ensure that mangroves do not fall through a policy gap...
October 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265562/achieving-research-impact-through-co-creation-in-community-based-health-services-literature-review-and-case-study
#11
Trisha Greenhalgh, Claire Jackson, Sara Shaw, Tina Janamian
POLICY POINTS: Co-creation-collaborative knowledge generation by academics working alongside other stakeholders-is an increasingly popular approach to aligning research and service development. It has potential for "moving beyond the ivory towers" to deliver significant societal impact via dynamic, locally adaptive community-academic partnerships. Principles of successful co-creation include a systems perspective, a creative approach to research focused on improving human experience, and careful attention to governance and process...
June 2016: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265383/-self-perception-of-health-care-team-leaders-in-andalusia-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-study
#12
I García-Romera, A Danet, J C March-Cerdà
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception and self-assessment on leadership among health care team leaders in Andalusia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Design: Exploratory descriptive study using quantitative and qualitative methodology, developed between 2013 and 2015, using a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. PLACE: Andalusia. PARTICIPANTS: All health managers from the Primary Care Management Units and Health Management Areas of the Departments of Paediatrics, Emergency and Internal Medicine, for the quantitative study...
November 2016: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243568/resilience-in-palestinian-adolescents-living-in-gaza
#13
Rozanna J Aitcheson, Soleman H Abu-Bader, Mary K Howell, Deena Khalil, Salman Elbedour
: [Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 9(1) of Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy (see record 2016-36102-001). There were grammatical errors to the Method section of the abstract and the Method subsection Participants. Corrected versions are provided.] Objective: The pathogenic impact of ongoing political conflict on children and adolescents has been well-documented in the literature. The present study, by contrast, examined the factors that support adolescent health and utilized a salutogenic model to examine prevalence of depression and anxiety and predictors of resilience in a group of adolescents attending secondary school in Gaza...
January 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177189/reframing-refocusing-referring-reconciling-and-reflecting-exploring-conflict-resolution-strategies-in-end-of-life-situations
#14
Paula Hopeck, Tyler R Harrison
Many problems can occur between family members at the end of a patient's life, resulting in conflict that others-the nurses, patient advocates, clergy, and social workers involved in the case-must resolve. This article explores the strategies used by those individuals to resolve conflict. Using grounded practical theory as a theoretical and methodological framework, qualitative interviews (n = 71) revealed how they manage family conflict at the end of life. The management styles include reframing, refocusing, referring, reconciling, and reflecting (the "5 Rs")...
February 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993998/conflict-in-men-s-experiences-with-antidepressants
#15
Kerry Gibson, Claire Cartwright, John Read
While men's experiences of depression and help seeking are known to be shaped by gender, there is little research which examines their experience of using antidepressants to treat this. This study is based on in-depth, narrative-style interviews with 20 New Zealand men who had used antidepressants. The analysis identified a number of areas of conflict in the men's accounts of using this medication. Conflict centered on the way taking antidepressants was seen as undermining personal control while also allowing users to take charge of their problems; facilitating general functioning while undermining sexual functioning; relieving emotional distress while undermining emotional vitality; and the tension participants felt between making autonomous judgments about the value of antidepressants and relying on the "expertise" of others...
March 18, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985377/can-we-routinely-measure-patient-involvement-in-treatment-decision-making-in-chronic-kidney-care-a-service-evaluation-in-27-renal-units-in-the-uk
#16
Marie-Anne Durand, Hilary L Bekker, Anna Casula, Robert Elias, Alastair Ferraro, Amy Lloyd, Sabine N van der Veer, Wendy Metcalfe, Andrew Mooney, Richard G Thomson, Charles R V Tomson
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making is considered an important aspect of chronic disease management. We explored the feasibility of routinely measuring kidney patients' involvement in making decisions about renal replacement therapy (RRT) in National Health Service settings. METHODS: We disseminated a 17-item paper questionnaire on involvement in decision-making among adult patients with established kidney failure who made a decision about RRT in the previous 90 days (Phase 1) and patients who had been receiving RRT for 90-180 days (Phase 2)...
April 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26853727/-options-for-stress-management-in-obesity-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Edit Czeglédi
Overeating and physical inactivity are of great importance in the etiology of obesity. Psychological factors are often found in the background of life style. Chronic stress can contribute to physical inactivity and behaviors that hinder the keeping of a diet (e.g., irregular eating pattern, emotional eating). Results of randomized controlled trials show that relaxation can reduce emotional eating, improve cognitive restraint, and thereby reduce weight. However, stress management is more than relaxation. It consists of adaptive emotion-focused and problem-focused coping strategies and skills to improve relationships...
February 14, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26822008/managing-and-mitigating-conflict-in-healthcare-teams-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Joan Almost, Angela C Wolff, Althea Stewart-Pyne, Loretta G McCormick, Diane Strachan, Christine D'Souza
AIM: To review empirical studies examining antecedents (sources, causes, predictors) in the management and mitigation of interpersonal conflict. BACKGROUND: Providing quality care requires positive, collaborative working relationships among healthcare team members. In today's increasingly stress-laden work environments, such relationships can be threatened by interpersonal conflict. Identifying the underlying causes of conflict and choice of conflict management style will help practitioners, leaders and managers build an organizational culture that fosters collegiality and create the best possible environment to engage in effective conflict management...
July 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26809109/early-life-family-conflict-social-interactions-and-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-in-adulthood
#19
Neha A John-Henderson, Thomas W Kamarck, Matthew F Muldoon, Stephen B Manuck
OBJECTIVE: Conflict in early life family environments is known to affect psychosocial functioning and coping styles into adulthood and is reported to negatively affect access to psychosocial resources that are critical to the management of stress. However, it remains unknown whether early life family conflict similarly affects subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adulthood. We predicted that family conflict in early life would be associated with greater mean intima-media thickness (IMT), a subclinical marker of CVD risk, in adulthood...
April 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26765500/conflict-management-strategies-in-the-icu-differ-between-palliative-care-specialists-and-intensivists
#20
Jared Chiarchiaro, Douglas B White, Natalie C Ernecoff, Praewpannarai Buddadhumaruk, Rachel A Schuster, Robert M Arnold
OBJECTIVES: Conflict is common between physicians and surrogate decision makers around end-of-life care in ICU. Involving experts in conflict management improve outcomes, but little is known about what differences in conflict management styles may explain the benefit. We used simulation to examine potential differences in how palliative care specialists manage conflict with surrogates about end-of-life treatment decisions in ICUs compared with intensivists. DESIGN: Subjects participated in a high-fidelity simulation of conflict with a surrogate in an ICU...
May 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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