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conflict management styles

Lorie L Geryk, Susan J Blalock, Robert F DeVellis, Joanne M Jordan, Paul K J Han, Delesha M Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the attentional coping styles (monitoring and blunting) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) patients and: (a) receipt of medication information; (b) receipt of conflicting medication information; (c) ambiguity aversion; (d) medication-related discussions with doctors and spouse/partners; and (e) medication adherence. METHOD: A sample of 328 adults with a self-reported diagnosis of arthritis (RA n=159; OA n=149) completed an Internet-based survey...
2016: Open Rheumatology Journal
L Guillod, S Habersaat, M Suter, T Jeanneret, C Bertoni, P Stéphan, S Urben
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a stressful period where important biological, psychological and social changes occur. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable during this developmental period and can use various strategies to deal with daily stress, such as substance use or externalizing behaviors. In previous studies, stress in adolescents with externalizing behaviors was often linked to ineffective cognitive coping strategies (i.e., constructive thinking) and overlooking the biological aspects involved in stress management such as neuroendocrine regulation...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
Inger Sundström Poromaa, Jan Roar Mellembakken, Laure Morin Papunen, Terhi Piltonen, Johanna Puurunen, Juha S Tapanainen, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Eszter Vanky, Pernille Ravn, Dorte Glintborg, Marianne Andersen
STUDY QUESTION: Is it necessary to monitor lipid profiles in all young women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lipid profiling is required when women with PCOS develop type 2 diabetes (T2D) or hypertension, but rarely changes clinical care before the age of 35 years. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PCOS consensus statements and guidelines recommend that women with PCOS should be screened for dyslipidaemia every second year or annually...
September 22, 2016: Human Reproduction
(no author information available yet)
: Reports an error in "Resilience in Palestinian Adolescents Living in Gaza" by Rozanna J. Aitcheson, Soleman H. Abu-Bader, Mary K. Howell, Deena Khalil and Salman Elbedour (Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Advanced Online Publication, May 30, 2016, np). In the original article, there were grammatical errors to the Method section of the abstract and the Method subsection Participants. Corrections are provided in the erratum. All versions of this article have been corrected...
July 25, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Johannes Bükki, Petra M Neuhaus, Piret Paal
Therapeutic options for nursing home residents focus on functional improvement, while inadequate hospital admissions in the dying phase are frequent. The aim of this study was to explore views, attitudes, and concerns among staff and to embark on a process that facilitates end-of-life care on an institutional level. Three focus group interviews were conducted with nursing home staff (nurses, care managers, physicians). The discussants (22) expressed the following issues: workload; ethical conflicts; additional resources; "living palliative care"; deleterious effect of restorative aims; lack of training; fear; knowledge and skills; rituals; lack of attachment, frustration, and abuse; team; discouragement; resilience enhanced by good care; style of communication; avoidance; the "palliative status"; legal concerns and hospital admissions...
July 9, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Daniel A Friess, Benjamin S Thompson, Ben Brown, A Aldrie Amir, Clint Cameron, Heather J Koldewey, Sigit D Sasmito, Frida Sidik
Many drivers of mangrove forest loss operate over large scales and are most effectively addressed by policy interventions. However, conflicting or unclear policy objectives exist at multiple tiers of government, resulting in contradictory management decisions. To address this, we considered four approaches that are being used increasingly or could be deployed in Southeast Asia to ensure sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation. First, a stronger incorporation of mangroves into marine protected areas (that currently focus largely on reefs and fisheries) could resolve some policy conflicts and ensure that mangroves do not fall through a policy gap...
October 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Trisha Greenhalgh, Claire Jackson, Sara Shaw, Tina Janamian
POLICY POINTS: Co-creation-collaborative knowledge generation by academics working alongside other stakeholders-is an increasingly popular approach to aligning research and service development. It has potential for "moving beyond the ivory towers" to deliver significant societal impact via dynamic, locally adaptive community-academic partnerships. Principles of successful co-creation include a systems perspective, a creative approach to research focused on improving human experience, and careful attention to governance and process...
June 2016: Milbank Quarterly
I García-Romera, A Danet, J C March-Cerdà
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception and self-assessment on leadership among health care team leaders in Andalusia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Design: Exploratory descriptive study using quantitative and qualitative methodology, developed between 2013 and 2015, using a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. PLACE: Andalusia. PARTICIPANTS: All health managers from the Primary Care Management Units and Health Management Areas of the Departments of Paediatrics, Emergency and Internal Medicine, for the quantitative study...
June 2, 2016: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
Rozanna J Aitcheson, Soleman H Abu-Bader, Mary K Howell, Deena Khalil, Salman Elbedour
: [Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported online in on Jul 25 2016 (see record ). In the original article, there were grammatical errors to the Method section of the abstract and the Method subsection Participants. Corrections are provided in the erratum. All versions of this article have been corrected.] Objective: The pathogenic impact of ongoing political conflict on children and adolescents has been well-documented in the literature. The present study, by contrast, examined the factors that support adolescent health and utilized a salutogenic model to examine prevalence of depression and anxiety and predictors of resilience in a group of adolescents attending secondary school in Gaza...
May 30, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Paula Hopeck, Tyler R Harrison
Many problems can occur between family members at the end of a patient's life, resulting in conflict that others-the nurses, patient advocates, clergy, and social workers involved in the case-must resolve. This article explores the strategies used by those individuals to resolve conflict. Using grounded practical theory as a theoretical and methodological framework, qualitative interviews (n = 71) revealed how they manage family conflict at the end of life. The management styles include reframing, refocusing, referring, reconciling, and reflecting (the "5 Rs")...
May 13, 2016: Health Communication
Kerry Gibson, Claire Cartwright, John Read
While men's experiences of depression and help seeking are known to be shaped by gender, there is little research which examines their experience of using antidepressants to treat this. This study is based on in-depth, narrative-style interviews with 20 New Zealand men who had used antidepressants. The analysis identified a number of areas of conflict in the men's accounts of using this medication. Conflict centered on the way taking antidepressants was seen as undermining personal control while also allowing users to take charge of their problems; facilitating general functioning while undermining sexual functioning; relieving emotional distress while undermining emotional vitality; and the tension participants felt between making autonomous judgments about the value of antidepressants and relying on the "expertise" of others...
March 18, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Marie-Anne Durand, Hilary L Bekker, Anna Casula, Robert Elias, Alastair Ferraro, Amy Lloyd, Sabine N van der Veer, Wendy Metcalfe, Andrew Mooney, Richard G Thomson, Charles R V Tomson
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making is considered an important aspect of chronic disease management. We explored the feasibility of routinely measuring kidney patients' involvement in making decisions about renal replacement therapy (RRT) in National Health Service settings. METHODS: We disseminated a 17-item paper questionnaire on involvement in decision-making among adult patients with established kidney failure who made a decision about RRT in the previous 90 days (Phase 1) and patients who had been receiving RRT for 90-180 days (Phase 2)...
April 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
Edit Czeglédi
Overeating and physical inactivity are of great importance in the etiology of obesity. Psychological factors are often found in the background of life style. Chronic stress can contribute to physical inactivity and behaviors that hinder the keeping of a diet (e.g., irregular eating pattern, emotional eating). Results of randomized controlled trials show that relaxation can reduce emotional eating, improve cognitive restraint, and thereby reduce weight. However, stress management is more than relaxation. It consists of adaptive emotion-focused and problem-focused coping strategies and skills to improve relationships...
February 14, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Joan Almost, Angela C Wolff, Althea Stewart-Pyne, Loretta G McCormick, Diane Strachan, Christine D'Souza
AIM: To review empirical studies examining antecedents (sources, causes, predictors) in the management and mitigation of interpersonal conflict. BACKGROUND: Providing quality care requires positive, collaborative working relationships among healthcare team members. In today's increasingly stress-laden work environments, such relationships can be threatened by interpersonal conflict. Identifying the underlying causes of conflict and choice of conflict management style will help practitioners, leaders and managers build an organizational culture that fosters collegiality and create the best possible environment to engage in effective conflict management...
July 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Neha A John-Henderson, Thomas W Kamarck, Matthew F Muldoon, Stephen B Manuck
OBJECTIVE: Conflict in early life family environments is known to affect psychosocial functioning and coping styles into adulthood and is reported to negatively affect access to psychosocial resources that are critical to the management of stress. However, it remains unknown whether early life family conflict similarly affects subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adulthood. We predicted that family conflict in early life would be associated with greater mean intima-media thickness (IMT), a subclinical marker of CVD risk, in adulthood...
April 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Jared Chiarchiaro, Douglas B White, Natalie C Ernecoff, Praewpannarai Buddadhumaruk, Rachel A Schuster, Robert M Arnold
OBJECTIVES: Conflict is common between physicians and surrogate decision makers around end-of-life care in ICU. Involving experts in conflict management improve outcomes, but little is known about what differences in conflict management styles may explain the benefit. We used simulation to examine potential differences in how palliative care specialists manage conflict with surrogates about end-of-life treatment decisions in ICUs compared with intensivists. DESIGN: Subjects participated in a high-fidelity simulation of conflict with a surrogate in an ICU...
May 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Elizabeth A Bertran, Heather Fritz, Malak Abbas, Sandra Tarakji, Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Fredrick D Pociask, Catherine L Lysack, Judith Arnetz, Linda A Jaber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to better understand barriers and facilitators of diabetes self-management education (DSME) among Arab American patients with diabetes. Little is known about the impact of Arab culture on DSME. METHODS: Arab American adults (N = 23) with medically managed diabetes participated in 1 of 3 focus groups. An Arabic-speaking, trained moderator conducted video-recorded sessions. Verbatim Arabic transcripts were translated into English...
December 2015: Diabetes Educator
Mark Nelson, Kathelin Gray, John P Allen
Successfully managing group dynamics of small, physically isolated groups is vital for long duration space exploration/habitation and for terrestrial CELSS (Controlled Environmental Life Support System) facilities with human participants. Biosphere 2 had important differences and shares some key commonalities with both Antarctic and space environments. There were a multitude of stress factors during the first two year closure experiment as well as mitigating factors. A helpful tool used at Biosphere 2 was the work of W...
July 2015: Life Sciences in Space Research
Jeffrey E Pettit
BACKGROUND: Many departments have multiple chief residents. How these coleaders relate to each other could affect their performance, the residency program, and the department. OBJECTIVE: This article reports on how co-chiefs work together during the chief year, and what may allow them to be more effective coleaders. METHODS: A phenomenological research design was used to investigate experiences of outgoing chief residents from 13 specialties at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics over a 2-year period from 2012 through 2013...
June 2015: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Maite Garaigordobil, Vanesa Martínez-Valderrey
PURPOSE: In recent years, the problem of youth violence has been a cause of increasing concern for educational and mental health professionals worldwide. The main objective of the study was to evaluate experimentally the effects of an anti-bullying/cyberbullying program (Cyberprogram 2.0; Pirámide Publishing, Madrid, Spain) on conflict resolution strategies and self-esteem. METHODS: A randomly selected sample of 176 Spanish adolescents aged 13-15 years (93 experimental, 83 control) was employed...
August 2015: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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