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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977229/critical-incidents-connected-to-nurses-leadership-in-intensive-care-units
#1
Elaine Cantarella Lima, Andrea Bernardes, Priscila Lapaz Baldo, Vanessa Gomes Maziero, Silvia Helena Henriques Camelo, Alexandre Pazetto Balsanelli
Objective: The goal of this study is to analyze nurses' leadership in intensive care units at hospitals in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, in the face of positive and negative critical incidents. Method: Exploratory, descriptive study, conducted with 24 nurses by using the Critical Incident Technique as a methodological benchmark. Results: Results were grouped into 61 critical incidents distributed into categories. Researchers came to the conclusion that leadership-related situations interfere with IC nurses' behaviors...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938098/an-integrative-review-on-conflict-management-styles-among-nursing-students-implications-for-nurse-education
#2
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte
OBJECTIVES: Nurse education plays a critical role in the achievement of conflict management skills in nursing students. However, a wider perspective on this concept has not been explored. This paper is a report of a review appraising and synthesizing existing empirical studies describing conflict management styles among nursing students. DESIGN: An integrative review method guided this review. DATA SOURCES: Five (5) bibliographic databases (CINAHL, Medline, Psych Info, Embase and SCOPUS) were searched to locate relevant articles...
September 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523116/obstacles-and-problems-of-ethical-leadership-from-the-perspective-of-nursing-leaders-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#3
Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad, Tahereh Ashktorab, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh
In the nursing profession, leadership plays a significant role in creating motivation and thus enabling nurses to provide high quality care. Ethics is an essential component of leadership qualifications and the ethical leader can help create an ethical atmosphere, offer ethical guidance, and ensure the occupational satisfaction of personnel through prioritizing moralities. However, some issues prevent the implementation of this type of leadership by nursing leaders. The aim of this study was to identify and describe some problems and obstacles in ethical leadership faced by nursing leaders, and to help them achieve more accurate information and broader perspective in this field...
2017: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377811/perceptions-of-work-stress-causes-and-effective-interventions-in-employees-working-in-public-private-and-non-governmental-organisations-a-qualitative-study
#4
Kamaldeep Bhui, Sokratis Dinos, Magdalena Galant-Miecznikowska, Bertine de Jongh, Stephen Stansfeld
Aims and method To identify causes of stress at work as well as individual, organisational and personal interventions used by employees to manage stress in public, private and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Qualitative interviews were conducted with 51 employees from a range of organisations. Results Participants reported adverse working conditions and management practices as common causes of work stress. Stress-inducing management practices included unrealistic demands, lack of support, unfair treatment, low decision latitude, lack of appreciation, effort-reward imbalance, conflicting roles, lack of transparency and poor communication...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286591/conflict-in-community-pharmacy-practice-the-experience-of-pharmacists-technicians-and-assistants
#5
Paul A M Gregory, Zubin Austin
BACKGROUND: Intraprofessional conflict among pharmacists, regulated technicians and assistants may undermine attempts to advance patient care in community pharmacy. There is no available research examining this issue in light of the evolution of the profession and roles within the profession. METHODS: A combination of interviews and focus groups involving pharmacists, technicians and assistants was undertaken. Each participant completed the Conflict Management Scale as a way of identifying conflict management style...
January 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276847/individual-interpersonal-and-organisational-factors-of-healthcare-conflict-a-scoping-review
#6
Sara Kim, Naike Bochatay, Annemarie Relyea-Chew, Elizabeth Buttrick, Chris Amdahl, Laura Kim, Elise Frans, Matthew Mossanen, Azhar Khandekar, Ryan Fehr, Young-Mee Lee
Unresolved conflicts among healthcare professionals can lead to difficult patient care consequences. This scoping review examines the current healthcare literature that reported sources and consequences of conflict associated with individual, interpersonal, and organisational factors. We identified 99 articles published between 2001 and 2015 from PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Excerpta Medical Database. Most reviewed studies relied on healthcare professionals' perceptions and beliefs associated with conflict sources and consequences, with few studies reporting behavioural or organisational change outcomes...
May 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215172/the-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-pde-5i-for-erectile-dysfunction-ed-a-therapeutic-challenge-for-psychiatrists
#7
Chong Siew Koon, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Ong Wan Xi, Muhammad Hizri Hatta, Cesar Alfonso
Erectile function (EF) is a prerequisite for satisfactory sexual intercourse (SI) and central to male sexual functioning. Satisfactory SI eventually leads to orgasm - a biopsychophysiological state of euphoria - leading to a sense of bliss, enjoyment and positive mental well being. For a psychiatrist, treating ED is self-propelled to harmonize these pleasurable experiences alongside with encouragement of physical wellness and sensuality. Hence, the role of PDE-5i is pivotal in the context of treating ED constitutes a therapeutic challenge...
February 15, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101747/adolescents-conflict-management-styles-with-mothers-longitudinal-associations-with-parenting-and-reactance
#8
Lies Christine Missotten, Koen Luyckx, Susan Branje, Stijn Van Petegem
Adolescents' conflict management styles with parents are assumed to have an important impact on the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship and on adolescents' psychosocial development. Longitudinal research investigating possible determinants of these conflict management skills is scarce. The parenting context and adolescents' tendency to reject maternal authority are expected to shape adolescents' conflict management styles. Therefore, the present three-wave longitudinal study focuses on how parenting and adolescents' reactance relates to adolescents' conflict management styles and conflict frequency with mothers over time, and whether reactance may also explain the associations between parenting and certain conflict variables...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045884/a-study-of-interpersonal-conflict-among-operating-room-nurses
#9
Tsui-Fen Chang, Chung-Kuang Chen, Ming-Jia Chen
BACKGROUND: Team collaboration is an important factor that affects the performance of the operating room (OR). Therefore, the ability of OR nurses to adapt to and manage interpersonal conflict incidents properly is very important. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to investigate the interpersonal conflict management capabilities of OR nursing staffs and to find the relationships among the demographics of OR nurses and the following: work-related variables, interpersonal conflict management style, and target of interpersonal conflict...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936944/adolescents-and-best-friend-s-depressive-symptoms-and-conflict-management-intraindividual-and-interpersonal-processes-over-time
#10
Elise Boersma-van Dam, Bill Hale, Hans Koot, Wim Meeus, Susan Branje
This 6-year longitudinal study examined the relation between 3 conflict management styles (i.e., problem solving, conflict engagement, and compliance) and depressive symptoms in adolescent-best friend relationships. Participants were 479 Dutch adolescents and their best friend who reported annually on depressive symptoms and conflict management styles toward each other. Bidirectional effects between conflict management styles and depressive symptoms were studied both within adolescents (intraindividual) and between adolescent best friends (interpersonal)...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843510/medication-related-self-management-behaviors-among-arthritis-patients-does-attentional-coping-style-matter
#11
Lorie L Geryk, Susan J Blalock, Robert F DeVellis, Joanne M Jordan, Paul K J Han, Delesha M Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the attentional coping styles (monitoring and blunting) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) patients and: (a) receipt of medication information; (b) receipt of conflicting medication information; (c) ambiguity aversion; (d) medication-related discussions with doctors and spouse/partners; and (e) medication adherence. METHOD: A sample of 328 adults with a self-reported diagnosis of arthritis (RA n=159; OA n=149) completed an Internet-based survey...
2016: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745723/-psychological-processes-of-stress-management-and-neuroendocrine-regulation-in-incarcerated-adolescent-offenders-a-pilot-study
#12
L Guillod, S Habersaat, M Suter, T Jeanneret, C Bertoni, P Stéphan, S Urben
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a stressful period where important biological, psychological and social changes occur. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable during this developmental period and can use various strategies to deal with daily stress, such as substance use or externalizing behaviors. In previous studies, stress in adolescents with externalizing behaviors was often linked to ineffective cognitive coping strategies (i.e., constructive thinking) and overlooking the biological aspects involved in stress management such as neuroendocrine regulation...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664213/should-we-individualize-lipid-profiling-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#13
Inger Sundström Poromaa, Jan Roar Mellembakken, Laure Morin Papunen, Terhi Piltonen, Johanna Puurunen, Juha S Tapanainen, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Eszter Vanky, Pernille Ravn, Dorte Glintborg, Marianne Andersen
STUDY QUESTION: Is it necessary to monitor lipid profiles in all young women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lipid profiling is required when women with PCOS develop type 2 diabetes (T2D) or hypertension, but rarely changes clinical care before the age of 35 years. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PCOS consensus statements and guidelines recommend that women with PCOS should be screened for dyslipidaemia every second year or annually...
December 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455139/-resilience-in-palestinian-adolescents-living-in-gaza-correction-to-aitcheson-et-al-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Resilience in Palestinian Adolescents Living in Gaza" by Rozanna J. Aitcheson, Soleman H. Abu-Bader, Mary K. Howell, Deena Khalil and Salman Elbedour (Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Advanced Online Publication, May 30, 2016, np). There were grammatical errors to the Method section of the abstract and the Method subsection Participants. Corrected versions are provided. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-26488-001.) Objective: The pathogenic impact of ongoing political conflict on children and adolescents has been well-documented in the literature...
January 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406626/end-of-life-care-in-nursing-homes-translating-focus-group-findings-into-action
#15
Johannes Bükki, Petra M Neuhaus, Piret Paal
Therapeutic options for nursing home residents focus on functional improvement, while inadequate hospital admissions in the dying phase are frequent. The aim of this study was to explore views, attitudes, and concerns among staff and to embark on a process that facilitates end-of-life care on an institutional level. Three focus group interviews were conducted with nursing home staff (nurses, care managers, physicians). The discussants (22) expressed the following issues: workload; ethical conflicts; additional resources; "living palliative care"; deleterious effect of restorative aims; lack of training; fear; knowledge and skills; rituals; lack of attachment, frustration, and abuse; team; discouragement; resilience enhanced by good care; style of communication; avoidance; the "palliative status"; legal concerns and hospital admissions...
November 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341487/policy-challenges-and-approaches-for-the-conservation-of-mangrove-forests-in-southeast-asia
#16
Daniel A Friess, Benjamin S Thompson, Ben Brown, A Aldrie Amir, Clint Cameron, Heather J Koldewey, Sigit D Sasmito, Frida Sidik
Many drivers of mangrove forest loss operate over large scales and are most effectively addressed by policy interventions. However, conflicting or unclear policy objectives exist at multiple tiers of government, resulting in contradictory management decisions. To address this, we considered four approaches that are being used increasingly or could be deployed in Southeast Asia to ensure sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation. First, a stronger incorporation of mangroves into marine protected areas (that currently focus largely on reefs and fisheries) could resolve some policy conflicts and ensure that mangroves do not fall through a policy gap...
October 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265562/achieving-research-impact-through-co-creation-in-community-based-health-services-literature-review-and-case-study
#17
REVIEW
Trisha Greenhalgh, Claire Jackson, Sara Shaw, Tina Janamian
POLICY POINTS: Co-creation-collaborative knowledge generation by academics working alongside other stakeholders-is an increasingly popular approach to aligning research and service development. It has potential for "moving beyond the ivory towers" to deliver significant societal impact via dynamic, locally adaptive community-academic partnerships. Principles of successful co-creation include a systems perspective, a creative approach to research focused on improving human experience, and careful attention to governance and process...
June 2016: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265383/-self-perception-of-health-care-team-leaders-in-andalusia-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-study
#18
I García-Romera, A Danet, J C March-Cerdà
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception and self-assessment on leadership among health care team leaders in Andalusia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Design: Exploratory descriptive study using quantitative and qualitative methodology, developed between 2013 and 2015, using a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. PLACE: Andalusia. PARTICIPANTS: All health managers from the Primary Care Management Units and Health Management Areas of the Departments of Paediatrics, Emergency and Internal Medicine, for the quantitative study...
November 2016: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243568/resilience-in-palestinian-adolescents-living-in-gaza
#19
Rozanna J Aitcheson, Soleman H Abu-Bader, Mary K Howell, Deena Khalil, Salman Elbedour
[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 9(1) of Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy (see record 2016-36102-001). There were grammatical errors to the Method section of the abstract and the Method subsection Participants. Corrected versions are provided.] Objective: The pathogenic impact of ongoing political conflict on children and adolescents has been well-documented in the literature. The present study, by contrast, examined the factors that support adolescent health and utilized a salutogenic model to examine prevalence of depression and anxiety and predictors of resilience in a group of adolescents attending secondary school in Gaza...
January 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177189/reframing-refocusing-referring-reconciling-and-reflecting-exploring-conflict-resolution-strategies-in-end-of-life-situations
#20
Paula Hopeck, Tyler R Harrison
Many problems can occur between family members at the end of a patient's life, resulting in conflict that others-the nurses, patient advocates, clergy, and social workers involved in the case-must resolve. This article explores the strategies used by those individuals to resolve conflict. Using grounded practical theory as a theoretical and methodological framework, qualitative interviews (n = 71) revealed how they manage family conflict at the end of life. The management styles include reframing, refocusing, referring, reconciling, and reflecting (the "5 Rs")...
February 2017: Health Communication
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