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Xianming Zhang

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723123/a-both-end-blocked-peroxidase-mimicking-dnazyme-for-low-background-chemiluminescent-sensing-of-mirna
#1
Xianming Li, Houchun Zhang, Yurong Tang, Peng Wu, Shuxia Xu, Xinfeng Zhang
G-quadruplex DNAzymes that exhibited peroxidase-like activity have been shown to be appealing reporters for amplified readout of biosensing events simply by their formation or dissociation in the presence of analytes. For low background signaling, the efficient preblock of DNAzymes is critically important. Herein, we report a both-end blocked DNAzyme beacon strategy for chemiluminescent biosensing. The catalytic activity of peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme can be inactivated fully by fixing both ends of the DNAzyme sequence, and easily recovered via a strand displace reaction between the miRNA and the block DNA...
June 23, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720501/numb-positively-regulates-autophagic-flux-via-regulating-lysosomal-function
#2
Haiyan Sun, Yi Liu, Lei Zhang, Ximing Shao, Ke Liu, Zhihao Ding, Xianming Liu, Huashun Li, Hongchang Li
Autophagy is a lysosome-dependent catabolic process involving in the degradation and recycling of unnecessary or damaged proteins and organelles. Emerging evidence indicates that autophagy dysfunction is closely related to various human diseases including cancer, aging, myopathies and neurodegenerative disorders. Here, using genetic knockdown, we uncover the role of Numb, an endocytic adaptor protein, in regulating the late steps of autophagy. We found that Numb depletion led to the accumulation of autophagic vacuole, as verified by RFP-LC3 staining combined with transmission electron microscopy...
July 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682792/performance-of-a-high-resolution-depth-encoding-pet-detector-using-barium-sulfate-reflector
#3
Zhonghua Kuang, Xiaohui Wang, Cheng Li, Xinhan Deng, Kai Feng, Zhanli Hu, Xin Fu, Ning Ren, Xianming Zhang, Yunfei Zheng, Dong Liang, Xin Liu, Hairong Zheng, Yongfeng Yang
Small animal positron emission tomography (PET) is a well-established imaging modality in preclinical biomedical research. The performance of current small animal PET scanners is mainly limited by the detector performance and depth-encoding detectors are required to simultaneously achieve high spatial resolution and high sensitivity. In this work, the performance of a high-resolution dual-ended readout lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate (LYSO) array using barium sulfate powder (BaSO4) as the inter-crystal reflector was measured for the first time and compared to that of a LYSO array using the most commonly used enhanced specular reflector (ESR)...
July 6, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629007/upconverting-and-persistent-luminescent-nanocarriers-for-accurately-imaging-guided-photothermal-therapy
#4
Peiqi Zhao, Wei Ji, Shiyong Zhou, Lihua Qiu, Lanfang Li, Zhengzi Qian, Xianming Liu, Huilai Zhang, Xuchen Cao
The fluorescence-guided photothermal therapy (FPTT) has great potential in cancer treatment. However, the conventional FPTT has to be stimulated by external light, which tends to increase background noise and leads to the inaccurate infrared light irradiation for PTT. In this study, upconverting and persistent luminescent nanocarriers (UPLNs) loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (UPLNs@mSiO2) were first designed to solve the problem mentioned above. The UPLNs cores can effectively reduce the short-lived autofluorescence interference by exerting the delay time between signal acquisition and pulsed excitation light...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614959/the-effects-of-triptolide-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-sorafenib-in-rats-and-its-potential-mechanism
#5
Xianming Wang, Xin Zhang, Fei Liu, Minghai Wang, Shiyong Qin
CONTEXT: Combining sorafenib with triptolide could inhibit tumour growth with greater efficacy than single-agent treatment. However, their herb-drug interaction remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the herb-drug interaction between triptolide and sorafenib. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of triptolide (10 mg/kg) on the pharmacokinetics of different doses of sorafenib (20, 50 and 100 mg/kg) in rats, and blood samples were collected within 48 h and evaluated using LC-MS/MS...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591489/association-of-microalbuminuria-with-diabetes-is-stronger-in-people-with-prehypertension-compared-to-those-with-ideal-blood-pressure
#6
Qing Wang, Jingjing Huang, Yuemin Sun, Wenjuan Zhang, Yuxia Gao, Wei Yao, Bo Bian, Yongle Li, Xianming Wu, Kaijun Niu
AIM: Microalbuminuria (MA) has been demonstrated as a biomarker for microvascular dysfunction. This study is aimed to evaluate the association of glycemic status with MA in prehypertensive and ideal BP subjects and to evaluate the interaction between glycemic and blood pressure status as risk factors for MA prevalence. METHODS: 1059 subjects aged 40-70 with non-hypertension who were recruited from 6 districts of Tianjin were divided into prehypertensive group (622 cases) and ideal blood BP (437 cases)...
June 7, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513149/vertical-profiles-sources-and-transport-of-pfass-in-the-arctic-ocean
#7
Leo W Y Yeung, Clifton Dassuncao, Scott Mabury, Elsie M Sunderland, Xianming Zhang, Rainer Lohmann
The relative importance of atmospheric versus oceanic transport for poly- and perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs) reaching the Arctic Ocean is not well understood. Vertical profiles from the Central Arctic Ocean and shelf water, snow and meltwater samples were collected in 2012; 13 PFASs (C6-C12 PFCAs; C6, 8, 10 PFSAs; MeFOSAA and EtFOSAA; and FOSA) were routinely detected (range: <5-343 pg/L). PFASs were only detectable above 150 m depth in the polar mixed layer (PML) and halocline. Enhanced concentrations were observed in snow and meltpond samples, implying atmospheric deposition as an important source of PFASs...
June 5, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486106/hippo-signaling-suppresses-cell-ploidy-and-tumorigenesis-through-skp2
#8
Shihao Zhang, Qinghua Chen, Qingxu Liu, Yuxi Li, Xiufeng Sun, Lixin Hong, Suyuan Ji, Chengyan Liu, Jing Geng, Weiji Zhang, Zhonglei Lu, Zhen-Yu Yin, Yuanyuan Zeng, Kwang-Huei Lin, Qiao Wu, Qiyuan Li, Keiko Nakayama, Keiich I Nakayama, Xianming Deng, Randy L Johnson, Liang Zhu, Daming Gao, Lanfen Chen, Dawang Zhou
Polyploidy can lead to aneuploidy and tumorigenesis. Here, we report that the Hippo pathway effector Yap promotes the diploid-polyploid conversion and polyploid cell growth through the Akt-Skp2 axis. Yap strongly induces the acetyltransferase p300-mediated acetylation of the E3 ligase Skp2 via Akt signaling. Acetylated Skp2 is exclusively localized to the cytosol, which causes hyper-accumulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27, leading to mitotic arrest and subsequently cell polyploidy. In addition, the pro-apoptotic factors FoxO1/3 are overly degraded by acetylated Skp2, resulting in polyploid cell division, genomic instability, and oncogenesis...
May 8, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454544/attenuation-of-acute-lung-injury-in-a-rat-model-by-semen-cassiae
#9
Xiuqing Chen, Xianming Zhang, Jie Zhang, Yang Gao, Zhaohui Yang, Shanshan Li, Haiwen Dai
BACKGROUND: Acute lung injury (ALI) is an inflammatory disorder. Semen Cassiae has potent anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of our study was to investigate whether Semen Cassiae plays a protective effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI and, if so, to elucidate its potential mechanism. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rat lungs were injured by intratracheal instillation of LPS. Rats were treated with Semen Cassiae or vehicle 3 h after LPS challenge. Samples were harvested 24 h post-LPS administration...
April 28, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429101/human-circulating-and-tissue-gastric-cancer-stem-cells-display-distinct-epithelial-mesenchymal-features-and-behaviors
#10
Shengliang Zhang, Yanna Shang, Tie Chen, Xin Zhou, Wengtong Meng, Chuanwen Fan, Ran Lu, Qiaorong Huang, Xue Li, Xu Hong, Zongguang Zhou, Jiankun Hu, Xianming Mo
INTRODUCTION: Metastasis is a leading cause of cancer-related-deaths worldwide. Recently, cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been believed to be responsible for tumor initiation and metastasis, but till now, difference of cellular features and behaviors between CSCs from tumor tissues (TCSCs) and circulation (CCSCs) remains largely unknown, which hinders the progression of targeted therapies for metastasis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we provide the features of circulating gastric cancer stem cells (CGCSCs) isolated from human gastric adenocarcinoma...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428307/draft-genome-sequences-of-three-listeria-monocytogenes-isolates-from-foods-in-china
#11
Xudong Su, Guojie Cao, Dai Kuang, Jianmin Zhang, Yi Chen, Marc Allard, Eric Brown, Xianming Shi, Jianghong Meng, Xuebin Xu
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen of global concern because of the high mortality rate among patients. The draft genome sequences of three L. monocytogenes strains isolated from foods are reported here. The availability of these genomes should provide useful information on the genomic diversity of L. monocytogenes isolated from foods in China.
April 20, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421697/endothelium-originated-from-colorectal-cancer-stem-cells-constitute-cancer-blood-vessels
#12
Wenqi Shangguan, Chuanwen Fan, Xiaolong Chen, Ran Lu, Yuan Liu, Yu Li, Yanna Shang, Dongqin Yin, Shengliang Zhang, Qiaorong Huang, Xue Li, Wentong Meng, Hong Xu, Zongguang Zhou, Jiankun Hu, Xianming Mo
Tumor growth depends on the formation of blood vessels that provide the supply of nutrients and oxygen. Previous data have shown that glioblastoma stem cells are able to give rise to vascular cells to constitute the functional vessels in tumor tissues. However, which kinds of vascular cells are generated from glioblastoma stem cells is largely debated. In addition, there is little evidence showing that the stem cells from other kinds of tumors can produce vascular cells to constitute the functional blood vessels in tumor tissues...
July 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366764/in%C3%A2-vivo-excision-of-hiv-1-provirus-by-sacas9-and-multiplex-single-guide-rnas-in-animal-models
#13
Chaoran Yin, Ting Zhang, Xiying Qu, Yonggang Zhang, Raj Putatunda, Xiao Xiao, Fang Li, Weidong Xiao, Huaqing Zhao, Shen Dai, Xuebin Qin, Xianming Mo, Won-Bin Young, Kamel Khalili, Wenhui Hu
CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9)-mediated genome editing provides a promising cure for HIV-1/AIDS; however, gene delivery efficiency in vivo remains an obstacle to overcome. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of excising the HIV-1 provirus in three different animal models using an all-in-one adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector to deliver multiplex single-guide RNAs (sgRNAs) plus Staphylococcus aureus Cas9 (saCas9). The quadruplex sgRNAs/saCas9 vector outperformed the duplex vector in excising the integrated HIV-1 genome in cultured neural stem/progenitor cells from HIV-1 Tg26 transgenic mice...
May 3, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350446/temporal-shifts-in-poly-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-in-north-atlantic-pilot-whales-indicate-large-contribution-of-atmospheric-precursors
#14
Clifton Dassuncao, Xindi C Hu, Xianming Zhang, Rossana Bossi, Maria Dam, Bjarni Mikkelsen, Elsie M Sunderland
Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are persistent, bioaccumulative anthropogenic compounds associated with adverse health impacts on humans and wildlife. PFAS production changed in North America and Europe around the year 2000, but impacts on wildlife appear to vary across species and location. Unlike other mammal species, cetaceans lack the enzyme for transforming an important intermediate precursor (perfluorooctane sulfonamide: FOSA), into a prevalent compound in most wildlife (perfluorooctanesulfonate: PFOS)...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333981/lipopolysaccharide-induced-endotoxemia-in-corn-oil-preloaded-mice-causes-an-extended-course-of-lung-injury-and-repair-and-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-translational-mouse-model-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#15
Chaomin Wu, Colin E Evans, Zhiyu Dai, Xiaojia Huang, Xianming Zhang, Hua Jin, Guochang Hu, Yuanlin Song, You-Yang Zhao
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by acute hypoxemia respiratory failure, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, and pulmonary edema of non-cardiac origin. Effective treatments for ARDS patients may arise from experimental studies with translational mouse models of this disease that aim to delineate the mechanisms underlying the disease pathogenesis. Mouse models of ARDS, however, can be limited by their rapid progression from injured to recovery state, which is in contrast to the course of ARDS in humans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294998/economic-burden-for-lung-cancer-survivors-in-urban-china
#16
Xin Zhang, Shuai Liu, Yang Liu, Jian Du, Wenqi Fu, Xiaowen Zhao, Weidong Huang, Xianming Zhao, Guoxiang Liu, Zhengzhong Mao, Teh-Wei Hu
BACKGROUND: With the rapid increase in the incidence and mortality of lung cancer, a growing number of lung cancer patients and their families are faced with a tremendous economic burden because of the high cost of treatment in China. This study was conducted to estimate the economic burden and patient responsibility of lung cancer patients and the impact of this burden on family income. METHODS: This study uses data from a retrospective questionnaire survey conducted in 10 communities in urban China and includes 195 surviving lung cancer patients diagnosed over the previous five years...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280321/transdiaphragmatic-pressure-and-neural-respiratory-drive-measured-during-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-stable-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Weiliang Wu, Xianming Zhang, Lin Lin, Yonger Ou, Xiaoying Li, Lili Guan, Bingpeng Guo, Luqian Zhou, Rongchang Chen
PURPOSE: Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) is a rehabilitation therapy for stable patients with COPD. However, its therapeutic effect remains undefined due to the unclear nature of diaphragmatic mobilization during IMT. Diaphragmatic mobilization, represented by transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi), and neural respiratory drive, expressed as the corrected root mean square (RMS) of the diaphragmatic electromyogram (EMGdi), both provide vital information to select the proper IMT device and loads in COPD, therefore contributing to the curative effect of IMT...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230150/an-experimental-study-on-the-impacts-of-inspiratory-and-expiratory-muscles-activities-during-mechanical-ventilation-in-ards-animal-model
#18
Xianming Zhang, Juan Du, Weiliang Wu, Yongcheng Zhu, Ying Jiang, Rongchang Chen
In spite of intensive investigations, the role of spontaneous breathing (SB) activity in ARDS has not been well defined yet and little has been known about the different contribution of inspiratory or expiratory muscles activities during mechanical ventilation in patients with ARDS. In present study, oleic acid-induced beagle dogs' ARDS models were employed and ventilated with the same level of mean airway pressure. Respiratory mechanics, lung volume, gas exchange and inflammatory cytokines were measured during mechanical ventilation, and lung injury was determined histologically...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218703/phenolic-acid-profiling-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-and-mirna-regulation-in-the-polyphenols-of-16-blueberry-samples-from-china
#19
Xianming Su, Jian Zhang, Hongqing Wang, Jing Xu, Jiuming He, Liying Liu, Ting Zhang, Ruoyun Chen, Jie Kang
To investigate the anti-atherosclerosis related mechanism of blueberries, the phenolic acids (PAs) content, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, as well as the microRNA (miRNA) regulation of polyphenol fractions in blueberry samples from China were studied. Sixteen batches of blueberries including 14 commercialized cultivars (Reka, Patriot, Brigitta, Bluecrop, Berkeley, Duke, Darrow, Northland, Northblue, Northcountry, Bluesource, Southgood, O'Neal, and Misty) were used in this study. Seven PAs in the polyphenol fractions from 16 blueberry samples in China were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS²)...
February 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217711/source-attribution-of-poly-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-in-surface-waters-from-rhode-island-and-the-new-york-metropolitan-area
#20
Xianming Zhang, Rainer Lohmann, Clifton Dassuncao, Xindi C Hu, Andrea K Weber, Chad D Vecitis, Elsie M Sunderland
Exposure to poly and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) has been associated with adverse health effects in humans and wildlife. Understanding pollution sources is essential for environmental regulation but source attribution for PFASs has been confounded by limited information on industrial releases and rapid changes in chemical production. Here we use principal component analysis (PCA), hierarchical clustering, and geospatial analysis to understand source contributions to 14 PFASs measured across 37 sites in the Northeastern United States in 2014...
September 13, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology Letters
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