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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527747/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-nutrition-practice-guideline-for-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-in-adults-nutrition-intervention-evidence-reviews-and-recommendations
#1
Janice MacLeod, Marion J Franz, Deepa Handu, Erica Gradwell, Catherine Brown, Alison Evert, Adam Reppert, Megan Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525312/evaluation-of-the-introduction-of-an-e-health-skills-component-for-dietetics-students
#2
Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
BACKGROUND: Appropriate and effective use of technology within practice is a key competency outlined in Australian dietetics training standards. An e-health skills component (lecture and workshop) was introduced to undergraduate students enrolled in an Australian nutrition and dietetics program. METHODS: The lecture orientated students to key e-health terms and concepts relating to telehealth and m-health technologies, while the workshop provided an opportunity to apply knowledge...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524384/patient-reported-dietetic-care-post-hospital-for-free-living-patients-a-canadian-malnutrition-task-force-study
#3
H Keller, H Payette, M Laporte, P Bernier, J Allard, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND: Transitions out of hospital can influence recovery. Ideally, malnourished patients should be followed by someone with nutrition expertise, specifically a dietitian, post discharge from hospital. Predictors of dietetic care post discharge are currently unknown. The present study aimed to determine the patient factors independently associated with 30-days post hospital discharge dietetic care for free-living patients who transitioned to the community. METHODOLOGY: Nine hundred and twenty-two medical or surgical adult patients were recruited in 16 acute care hospitals in eight Canadian provinces on admission...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499379/diet-with-a-combination-of-high-protein-and-high-total-antioxidant-capacity-is-strongly-associated-with-low-prevalence-of-frailty-among-old-japanese-women-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#4
Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The intake of protein and antioxidants has been inversely associated with frailty, individually. However, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated these associations in considering antioxidants or protein intakes as respective confounders. Further, the cooperative effect of dietary protein and antioxidants on frailty has not been investigated. Therefore, we examined the association of high protein and high dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with frailty under the adjustment for dietary TAC or protein intake, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489673/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#5
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The prevalence of paediatric NAFLD continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483452/nutrition-care-process-implementation-experiences-in-various-dietetics-environments-in-sweden
#6
Elin Lövestam, Anne-Marie Boström, Ylva Orrevall
BACKGROUND: The Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) are currently being implemented by nutrition and dietetics practitioners all over the world. Several advantages have been related to this implementation, such as consistency and clarity of dietetics-related health care records and the possibility to collect and research patient outcomes. However, little is known about dietitians' experiences of the implementation process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore Swedish dietitians' experiences of the NCP implementation process in different dietetics environments...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479722/influence-of-capsaicin-on-inflammatory-cytokines-induced-by-lipopolysaccharide-in-myoblast-cells-under-in-vitro-environment
#7
Ke Shang, Touseef Amna, Musarat Amina, Nawal M Al-Musayeib, Salem S Al-Deyab, Inho Hwang
BACKGROUND: ellular damage initiated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the main cause of numerous severe diseases and therefore for this reason, the natural antioxidants have note worthy significance in human health. Capsaicin possesses noteworthy analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. It also possesses healing effects for treatment of arthritis, diabetic neuropathy, gastric lesions, and cardiac excitability that is why it is incorporated in creams and gels. OBJECTIVE: The present study was carried out to estimate the in vitro antioxidant and ROS scavenging activities of capsaicin against muscle precursor cells...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479137/crossover-designs-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-research
#8
Jeffrey E Harris, Hollie A Raynor
This article is the 12th installment in a statistical series exploring the importance of research design, epidemiologic methods, and statistical analysis as applied to nutrition and dietetics research. The purpose of this series is to assist registered dietitian nutritionists in interpreting nutrition research and aid nutrition researchers in applying scientific principles to produce high-quality nutrition research. This article focuses on the use of crossover designs in nutrition and dietetics research. The purpose is to distinguish the crossover design from the randomized clinical trial, define important terms, illustrate a 2×2 crossover design, discuss potential confounding variables in the crossover design, describe the analysis and interpretation of crossover data, present sample size considerations, provide examples of the use of the crossover design in nutrition and dietetics, and discuss additional considerations when the independent variable has more than two levels...
May 4, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464765/functional-chemical-groups-that-may-likely-become-source-for-synthesis-of-novel-central-nervous-system-cns-acting-drugs
#9
Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan
Central nervous system (CNS) disorders are on increase perhaps due to genetic, enviromental, social and dietetic factors. Unfortunately, a large number of CNS drugs have adverse effects such as addiction, tolerance, psychological and physical dependence. In view of this, literature search was carried out with a view to identifying functional chemical groups that may serve as lead molecule for synthesis of compounds that may have CNS activity. The search revealed that heterocycles that have heteroatoms such as nitrogen (N), sulphur (S) and oxygen (O) form the largest class of organic compounds...
May 2, 2017: Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464296/is-it-possible-to-enhance-the-confidence-of-student-dietitians-prior-to-professional-placements-a-design-based-research-model
#10
L J Ross, L J Mitchell, L T Williams
BACKGROUND: Student confidence is an important contributor to a successful professional placement experience. The present study aimed to evaluate a placement preparation program for student dietitians and to assess the impact on self-rated confidence with respect to commencing placements. METHODS: The present study is part of a design-based research approach that involves students in a cyclic enquiry to evaluate and improve curricula. Nutrition and Dietetics students at an Australian university participated in a 1-week mandatory workshop - Pre-Placement week (PrePW), N = 98 students: in 2015 (n = 54) and 2016 (n = 44)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462808/current-practices-and-perceived-barriers-to-diagnosing-documenting-and-coding-for-malnutrition-a-survey-of-the-dietitians-in-nutrition-support-dietetic-practice-group
#11
Stephanie Dobak, Sarah J Peterson, Mandy L Corrigan, Jennifer Lefton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452292/body-weight-and-body-composition-changes-during-military-training-and-deployment-involving-the-use-of-combat-rations-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Eliza C Tassone, Bradley A Baker
Dismounted military personnel operate in physically and psychologically demanding environments, with energy intake from combat rations often falling short of their requirements, leading to reductions in body weight and changes in body composition, which can impact both their health and performance. This review systematically investigated the effects of the continual use of combat rations for periods of 3-40 d on body weight and/or body composition in military personnel engaged in training or deployment. In all, ten databases were searched from their inception until October 2016...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446244/ketogenic-diet-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-in-children-under-the-age-of-2-years-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Siobhan Titre-Johnson, Natasha Schoeler, Christin Eltze, Ruth Williams, Katharina Vezyroglou, Helen McCullagh, Nick Freemantle, Simon Heales, Rachel Kneen, Louise Marston, Tim Martland, Irwin Nazareth, Elizabeth Neal, Andrew Lux, Alasdair Parker, Shakti Agrawal, Penny Fallon, J Helen Cross
BACKGROUND: The incidence of epilepsy is greatest in the first 2 years of life, an age group where there is generally a poor prognosis for both seizure control and neurodevelopmental outcome. Early control of seizures can be associated with better developmental outcome but many of the epilepsies presenting in infancy are poorly responsive to antiepileptic medication. The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet designed to mimic the effects of starvation on the body. Dietary fat is converted into ketones in the body and used as an energy source by the brain...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423928/engaging-parents-to-promote-children-s-nutrition-and-health
#14
Dipti A Dev, Courtney Byrd-Williams, Samantha Ramsay, Brent McBride, Deepa Srivastava, Ashleigh Murriel, Chrisa Arcan, Anna M Adachi-Mejia
PURPOSE: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics benchmarks as a framework, this study examined childcare providers' (Head Start [HS], Child and Adult Care Food Program [CACFP] funded, and non-CACFP) perspectives regarding communicating with parents about nutrition to promote children's health. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: State-licensed center-based childcare programs. PARTICIPANTS: Full-time childcare providers (n = 18) caring for children 2 to 5 years old from varying childcare contexts (HS, CACFP funded, and non-CACFP), race, education, and years of experience...
March 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385399/informatics-initiatives-at-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics
#15
L Steven Molinar, Ann F Childers, Lindsey Hoggle, Sue Kent, Holly Porter, Sarah Rusnak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383492/translation-of-nutritional-genomics-into-nutrition-practice-the-next-step
#16
Chiara Murgia, Melissa M Adamski
Genetics is an important piece of every individual health puzzle. The completion of the Human Genome Project sequence has deeply changed the research of life sciences including nutrition. The analysis of the genome is already part of clinical care in oncology, pharmacology, infectious disease and, rare and undiagnosed diseases. The implications of genetic variations in shaping individual nutritional requirements have been recognised and conclusively proven, yet routine use of genetic information in nutrition and dietetics practice is still far from being implemented...
April 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381865/detection-of-dietetically-absorbed-maize-derived-micrornas-in-pigs
#17
Yi Luo, Pengjun Wang, Xun Wang, Yuhao Wang, Zhiping Mu, Qingzhi Li, Yuhua Fu, Juan Xiao, Guojun Li, Yao Ma, Yiren Gu, Long Jin, Jideng Ma, Qianzi Tang, Anan Jiang, Xuewei Li, Mingzhou Li
MicroRNAs are a class of small RNAs that are important in post-transcriptional gene regulation in animals and plants. These single-stranded molecules are widely distributed in organisms and influence fundamental biological processes. Interestingly, recent studies have reported that diet-derived plant miRNAs could regulate mammalian gene expression, and these studies have broadened our view of cross-kingdom communication. In the present study, we evaluated miRNA levels in cooked maize-containing chow diets, and found that plant miRNAs were resistant to the harsh cooking conditions to a certain extent...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372210/a-rapid-atr-ftir-spectroscopic-method-for-detection-of-sibutramine-adulteration-in-tea-and-coffee-based-on-hierarchical-cluster-and-principal-component-analyses
#18
Nur Cebi, Mustafa Tahsin Yilmaz, Osman Sagdic
Sibutramine may be illicitly included in herbal slimming foods and supplements marketed as "100% natural" to enhance weight loss. Considering public health and legal regulations, there is an urgent need for effective, rapid and reliable techniques to detect sibutramine in dietetic herbal foods, teas and dietary supplements. This research comprehensively explored, for the first time, detection of sibutramine in green tea, green coffee and mixed herbal tea using ATR-FTIR spectroscopic technique combined with chemometrics...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371686/investigating-the-management-of-diabetes-in-nursing-homes-using-a-mixed-methods-approach
#19
L Hurley, M O'Donnell, R O'Caoimh, S F Dinneen
AIMS: As populations age there is an increased demand for nursing home (NH) care and a parallel increase in the prevalence of diabetes. Despite this, there is growing evidence that the management of diabetes in NHs is suboptimal. The reasons for this are complex and poorly understood. This study aimed to identify the current level of diabetes care in NHs using a mixed methods approach. METHODS: The nursing managers at all 44 NHs in County Galway in the West of Ireland were invited to participate...
March 21, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366810/a-nutritional-perspective-of-ketogenic-diet-in-cancer-a-narrative-review
#20
Camila L P Oliveira, Stephanie Mattingly, Ralf Schirrmacher, Michael B Sawyer, Eugene J Fine, Carla M Prado
The predominant use of glucose anaerobically by cancer cells (Warburg effect) may be the most important characteristic the majority of these cells have in common and, therefore, a potential metabolic pathway to be targeted during cancer treatment. Because this effect relates to fuel oxidation, dietary manipulation has been hypothesized as an important strategy during cancer treatment. As such, the concept of a ketogenic diet (KD) in cancer emerged as a metabolic therapy (ie, targeting cancer cell metabolism) rather than a dietary approach...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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