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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212787/application-of-a-pattern-of-incremental-haemodialysis-based-on-residual-renal-function-when-starting-renal-replacement-therapy
#1
José L Merino, Patricia Domínguez, Blanca Bueno, Yésika Amézquita, Beatriz Espejo, Vicente Paraíso
INTRODUCTION: The interest in the preservation of residual kidney function on starting renal replacement therapy (RRT) is very common in techniques such as peritoneal dialysis but less so in haemodialysis (HD). In our centre the pattern of incremental dialysis (2 HD/week) has been an option for a group of patients. Here we share our experience with this regimen from March 2008. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included incident patients with residual diuresis >1,000ml/24h, clinical stability, absence of oedema, absence of hyperkalaemia >6...
January 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212351/black-box%C3%A2-gastrointestinal%C3%A2-tract-needs%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-prospects%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-gaining%C3%A2-insights%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-fate%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-fat-%C3%A2-protein-%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-starch%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-case%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-exocrine%C3%A2-pancreatic%C3%A2-insufficiency%C3%A2-by%C3%A2-using%C3%A2-fistulated%C3%A2-pigs
#2
REVIEW
Anne Mößeler, Josef Kamphues
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) results in the maldigestion and malabsorption of nutrients. The digestive processes in humans and other monogastric species like rat and pig are characterized by a predominantly enzymatic digestion within the small intestine and microbial fermentation located in the hindgut. For protein, it is doctrine that only prececally absorbed amino acids can be transferred to the amino acid pool of the host, while postileal absorption of nitrogen-containing compounds occurs mainly in the form of ammonia, being a burden rather than a benefit for the organism...
February 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#3
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190656/living-status-and-frequency-of-eating-out-of-home-foods-in-relation-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-4-017-japanese-female-dietetic-students-aged-18-20-years-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#4
Satomi Kobayashi, Keiko Asakura, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Living status (e.g., living with family or alone) may affect dietary habits. We compared nutritional adequacy according to living status and the frequency of eating out-of-home foods in young Japanese women. METHODS: Female dietetic students (aged 18-20 years; n = 4,017) participated in a cross-sectional multicenter study, which was conducted in 85 dietetic schools in 35 of 47 prefectures in Japan. Habitual dietary intake was assessed with a validated diet history questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181844/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-transprofessional-healthcare-role-intervention-in-an-acute-medical-setting
#5
Melissa Kaltner, Doug Murtagh, Marguerite Bennetts, Alison Pighills, Julie James, Annette Scott
As demand for health services increases, attention has turned to the development of alternate models of service delivery that maximise efficiency. These include skill sharing models, in which cross-professional skills are delivered by appropriately trained professionals. The usage of skill sharing models is increasing in some professions, but little evidence on efficacy currently exists. This article reports on an intervention of the use of a transprofessional role, which involved delivery of services from a range of health providers, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, dietetics, speech pathology, podiatry, social work, and psychology, by a trained professional, developed and trialled in the acute medical setting in Toowoomba Hospital, Queensland, Australia...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178196/image-based-dietary-assessment-ability-of-dietetics-students-and-interns
#6
Erica Howes, Carol J Boushey, Deborah A Kerr, Emily J Tomayko, Mary Cluskey
Image-based dietary assessment (IBDA) may improve the accuracy of dietary assessments, but no formalized training currently exists for skills relating to IBDA. This study investigated nutrition and dietetics students' and interns' IBDA abilities, the training and experience factors that may contribute to food identification and quantification accuracy, and the perceived challenges to performing IBDA. An online survey containing images of known foods and serving sizes representing common American foods was used to assess the ability to identify foods and serving sizes...
February 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169211/toward-harmonization-of-the-nutrition-care-process-terminology-and-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-dietetics-results-of-a-mapping-exercise-and-implications-for-nutrition-and-dietetics-practice-and-research
#7
Gabriele Gäbler, Michaela Coenen, Claudia Bolleurs, Willy K Visser, Sytske Runia, Yvonne F Heerkens, Tanja A Stamm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145745/dietary-intake-of-dha-and-epa-in-a-group-of-pregnant-women-in-the-moncton-area
#8
Nicole Arsenault Bishop, Caroline P Leblanc
PURPOSE: To compare docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and fish intake of pregnant women at 30 weeks of gestation to current recommendations and to determine the factors associated with omega-3 (ω-3) intake. METHODS: A food frequency questionnaire was completed by 54 women (54/131 = 41%) at 30 ± 0.8 weeks gestation. Supplement intake, sociodemographic characteristics, and ω-3 food habits were evaluated. RESULTS: Among this high socioeconomic status (SES) group, 66...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139175/association-of-a-history-of-childhood-onset-obesity-and-dieting-with-eating-disorders
#9
Hellas Cena, Fatima Cody Stanford, Luana Ochner, Maria Luisa Fonte, Ginevra Biino, Rachele De Giuseppe, Elsie Taveras, Madhusmita Misra
This was a retrospective, observational chart review conducted on a convenience sample of 537 outpatients, aged 16-60 years, referred to an Italian Dietetic and Nutrition University Center. The study aimed to look at the association between a history of childhood obesity and dieting behaviors with development of eating disorders (EDs) at a later age. Subjects with a history of EDs (n = 118), assessed using both self-report and health records, were compared with those with no EDs (n = 419), who were attending the clinic mainly for primary prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular risk...
January 31, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138861/zinc-s-role-in-the-glycemic-control-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Gabrielli Barbosa de Carvalho, Paula Nascimento Brandão-Lima, Carla Soraya Costa Maia, Kiriaque Barra Ferreira Barbosa, Liliane Viana Pires
Past research has shown the importance of zinc in several metabolic processes, such as the glucidic metabolism. The present systematic review aims to discuss zinc's participation in the glycemic control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) patients. In order to accomplish that, a systematic search was performed in the Pubmed database using the following indexed and theme-related descriptors: "zinc" AND "type 2 diabetes mellitus", AND MeSH terms related to glycemic control combined with the boolean operator OR...
January 30, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134852/metabolomic-fingerprinting-in-the-comprehensive-study-of-liver-changes-associated-with-onion-supplementation-in-hypercholesterolemic-wistar-rats
#11
Diana González-Peña, Danuta Dudzik, Antonia García, Begoña de Ancos, Coral Barbas, Concepción Sánchez-Moreno
The consumption of functional ingredients has been suggested to be a complementary tool for the prevention and management of liver disease. In this light, processed onion can be considered as a source of multiple bioactive compounds with hepatoprotective properties. The liver fingerprint of male Wistar rats (n = 24) fed with three experimental diets (control (C), high-cholesterol (HC), and high-cholesterol enriched with onion (HCO) diets) was obtained through a non-targeted, multiplatform metabolomics approach to produce broad metabolite coverage...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133815/comparison-of-nutritional-and-antinutritional-traits-among-different-species-lupinus-albus-l-lupinus-luteus-l-lupinus-angustifolius-l-and-varieties-of-lupin-seeds
#12
N Musco, M I Cutrignelli, S Calabrò, R Tudisco, F Infascelli, R Grazioli, V Lo Presti, F Gresta, B Chiofalo
In order to promote the use of lupin in pig nutrition, in this research the nutritional characteristics (i.e. dietary fibre, alkaloid and fatty acid profile) and the in vitro gas production of 12 lupin varieties grown in the Mediterranean basin and belonging to three lupin species (Lupinus albus, Lupinus angustifolius and Lupinus luteus) were assessed. Four varieties of L. albus (Asfer, Lublanc, Lutteur and Multitalia) were grown in South Campania. Three varieties of L. luteus (Dukat, Mister and Taper), three of L...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131154/position-and-practice-paper-update-for-2017
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130829/inflammatory-potential-of-the-diet-and-mortality-in-the-spanish-cohort-of-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic-spain
#14
Antonio Agudo, Raquel Masegú, Catalina Bonet, Paula Jakszyn, J Ramon Quirós, Eva Ardanaz, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Aurelio Barricarte, Pilar Amiano, Larraitz Arriola, Saioa Chamosa, Miren Dorronsoro, Nerea Larrañaga, Carmen Navarro, María-Dolores Chirlaque, Lluís Cirera, Diana Gavrila, José-María Huertas, Miguel Rodriguez-Barranco, Elena Molina-Portillo, Maria-José Sánchez
SCOPE: Low-grade chronic inflammation is associated with several chronic conditions, and diet is known to play a role in chronic inflammation. We aimed to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet and mortality in the Spanish population from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Spain). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 41199 participants (62% female) aged 29-69 years from 5 Spanish regions. During 18 years of follow-up 3316 deaths were identified...
January 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125267/strengthening-the-rural-dietetics-workforce-examining-early-effects-of-the-northern-ontario-dietetic-internship-program-on-recruitment-and-retention
#15
Mary Ellen Hill, Denise Raftis, Pamela Wakewich
INTRODUCTION: As with other allied health professions, recruitment and retention of dietitians to positions in rural and isolated positions is challenging. The aim of this study was to examine the early effects of the Northern Ontario Dietetic Internship Program (NODIP) on recruitment and retention of dietitians to rural and northern dietetics practice. The program is unique in being the only postgraduate dietetics internship program in Canada that actively selects candidates who have a desire to live and work in northern and rural areas...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124489/patient-centred-care-to-improve-dietetic-practice-an-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
I Sladdin, L Ball, C Bull, W Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Patient-centred care (PCC) is associated with significant improvements in patients' health outcomes and healthcare systems. There is an opportunity to better understand PCC in dietetics. Thus, the present integrative review aims to critically synthesise literature relating to PCC in dietetics. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted between February and March 2016. Studies were included if they (i) involved dietitians and/or patients who had participated in an individual dietetic consultation; (ii) related to one or more components of PCC; and (iii) were empirical full-text studies in English, involving adult participants, published between 1997 and 2016...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116773/the-use-of-smartphone-health-apps-and-other-mobile-health-mhealth-technologies-in-dietetic-practice-a-three-country-study
#17
J Chen, J Lieffers, A Bauman, R Hanning, M Allman-Farinelli
BACKGROUND: Smartphone health applications (apps) and other mobile health (mHealth) technologies may assist dietitians in improving the efficiency of patient care. The present study investigated the use of health apps and text messaging in dietetic practice and formulated intervention recommendations for supporting app uptake by dietitians based on the behavioural 'COM-B' system, where interactions between capability, opportunity and motivation influence behaviour. METHODS: A 52-item online survey tool, taking 20 min to complete, was developed and piloted, with questions exploring the use of health apps and text messaging in dietetic practice, types of apps dietitians recommended and that patients used, and barriers and enablers to app use in dietetic practice...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095821/weighing-as-a-stand-alone-intervention-does-not-reduce-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-compared-to-routine-antenatal-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
Shanna M Fealy, Rachael M Taylor, Maralyn Foureur, John Attia, Lyn Ebert, Alessandra Bisquera, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain is associated with short and long-term adverse maternal and infant health outcomes, independent of pre-pregnancy body mass index. Weighing pregnant women as a stand-alone intervention during antenatal visits is suggested to reduce pregnancy weight gain. In the absence of effective interventions to reduce excessive gestational gain within the real world setting, this study aims to test if routine weighing as a stand-alone intervention can reduce total pregnancy weight gain and, in particular, excessive gestational weight gain...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090351/the-prevalence-and-practice-impact-of-weight-bias-amongst-australian-dietitians
#19
T M Diversi, R Hughes, K J Burke
OBJECTIVES: This study explored weight bias amongst Australian Accredited Practising Dietitians (APDs) and the effect of client weight status on dietetic practice. METHODS: Participants were 201 APDs, recruited using purposive sampling. A self-administered questionnaire, the fat phobia scale (FPS), was completed to assess explicit weight bias. Participants were then randomized to receive either a female within the healthy weight range or female with obesity, accompanied by an identical case study for a condition unrelated to weight...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069213/effect-of-ultrasound-assisted-osmotic-dehydration-pretreatment-on-the-convective-drying-of-strawberry
#20
Ezzeddine Amami, Wissal Khezami, Salma Mezrigui, Laxmikant S Badwaik, Asma Kammoun Bejar, Carmen Tellez Perez, Nabil Kechaou
The work was planned to produce dietetic dehydrated strawberries with application of ultrasound osmotic dehydration (UOD) as pretreatment. A Box-Behnken design (BBD) were employed to characterize the UOD strawberry process, optimize and investigate the effect of independent variables like ultrasound time (10, 20 and 30min), concentration of osmotic solution (distilled water, 32.5 and 65 °Brix) and temperature (20, 30 and 40°C) on the water loss (WL), solid gain (SG) and weight reduction (WR). The same BBD were used to estimate the main effects of OD without ultrasound treatment...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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