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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130717/effect-of-the-implementation-of-the-mixed-cafeteria-system-in-a-hospital-nutrition-and-dietetic-service
#1
Kamila Pires de Carvalho, Flaviana Pereira de Oliveira Martins, Isis Danyelle Dias Custódio, Emanuelle Do Nascimento Santos Lima, Daniela Nogueira Prado de Souza, Yara Cristina de Paiva Maia
INTRODUCTION: The type of service offered by the nutrition and dietetics service (NDS) of a hospital has a direct impact on food waste. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate waste in the transition from a simple to a mixed cafeteria service. METHODOLOGY: The study was carried out in a NDS of a University Hospital during 60 days (30 days for each type of service). The meals prepared and distributed and the leftovers of lunch and dinner were weighed. RESULTS: Per capita values of non-usable leftovers were below the acceptable range (7-25 g), not varying with the service transition (p = 0...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130295/bridging-the-gap-in-paediatric-nutrition-dietetic-practice-research-to-improve-knowledge-translation
#2
EDITORIAL
Rebecca K Golley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129976/using-odd-alkanes-as-a-carbon-source-to-increase-the-content-of-nutritionally-important-fatty-acids-in-candida-krusei-trichosporon-cutaneum-and-yarrowia-lipolytica
#3
Olga Matatkova, Lucia Gharwalova, Michal Zimola, Tomas Rezanka, Jan Masak, Irena Kolouchova
We investigated the possibility of utilizing unusual carbon sources by three yeast strains: Candida krusei DBM 2136, Trichosporon cutaneum CCY 30-5-10, and Yarrowia lipolytica CCY 30-26-36. These strains are characterized by high biomass yield, ability to accumulate high amounts of lipids, and their potential as producers of dietetically important fatty acids. The aim of this work was the production of nutritionally important fatty acids by utilization of n-alkanes with an odd number of carbon atoms, alone and in combination with glucose and subsequent analysis of microbial lipids accumulation and fatty acid profile...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128080/-crossed-perceptions-about-malnutrition-in-patients-and-their-doctors-in-oncology
#4
Bruno Raynard, Xavier Hébuterne, François Goldwasser, Ali Ait Hssain, Pascale Dubray Longeras, Philippe Barthélémy, Edoardo Rosso, Valérie Phoutthasang, Camille Bories, Laurence Digue, David Laharie, Jean-Claude Desport, Sabrina Falkowski, Jean Lacau Saint Guily, Emmanuel Gyan
Malnutrition is common in oncology. However, it is often detected too late and nutritional support is sub-optimal. The patient's opinion, although often sought in therapeutic decisions in oncology, does not appear to be frequently taken into account in dietetic management. In NutriCancer2012 study, we interviewed patients, relatives and doctors about their perceptions of the impact of malnutrition and its quality of care. Of the 2209 patients questioned, majority said they were concerned about nutrition with 75% considering it essential to take appropriate nutritional care but only 19% self-reported link between malnutrition and fatigue...
November 8, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117929/a-fully-automated-web-based-program-improves-lifestyle-habits-and-hba1c-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-abdominal-obesity-randomized-trial-of-patient-e-coaching-nutritional-support-the-anode-study
#5
Boris Hansel, Philippe Giral, Laetitia Gambotti, Alexandre Lafourcade, Gilbert Peres, Claude Filipecki, Diana Kadouch, Agnes Hartemann, Jean-Michel Oppert, Eric Bruckert, Michel Marre, Arnaud Bruneel, Emilie Duchene, Ronan Roussel
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a public health challenge. New solutions need to be developed to help patients implement lifestyle changes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate a fully automated Web-based intervention designed to help users improve their dietary habits and increase their physical activity. METHODS: The Accompagnement Nutritionnel de l'Obésité et du Diabète par E-coaching (ANODE) study was a 16-week, 1:1 parallel-arm, open-label randomized clinical trial...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112178/efficacy-and-effectiveness-of-carnitine-supplementation-for-cancer-related-fatigue-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Wolfgang Marx, Laisa Teleni, Rachelle S Opie, Jaimon Kelly, Skye Marshall, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Elizabeth Isenring
BACKGROUND: Carnitine deficiency has been implicated as a potential pathway for cancer-related fatigue that could be treated with carnitine supplementation. The aim of this systematic literature review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the literature regarding the use of supplemental carnitine as a treatment for cancer-related fatigue. METHODS: Using the PRISMA guidelines, an electronic search of the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and reference lists was conducted...
November 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111089/benefits-barriers-and-motivators-to-training-dietetic-interns-in-clinical-settings-a-comparison-between-preceptors-and-nonpreceptors
#7
Rayane AbuSabha, Colette Muller, Jacqueline MacLasco, Mary George, Erica Houghton, Alison Helm
BACKGROUND: The shortage of supervised practice sites in dietetics is associated with fewer numbers of preceptors available to supervise interns, especially in the clinical setting. OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical dietitians' perceived benefits and challenges of training dietetic interns and to determine key motivators that would entice nonpreceptors to volunteer for the role. DESIGN: Registered dietitian nutritionists working in clinical settings completed a semi-structured, audiotaped interview followed by a brief questionnaire...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107587/women-s-perceptions-of-usefulness-and-ease-of-use-of-four-healthy-eating-blog-characteristics-a-qualitative-study-of-33-french-canadian-women
#8
Véronique Bissonnette-Maheux, Audrée-Anne Dumas, Véronique Provencher, Annie Lapointe, Marilyn Dugrenier, Sharon Straus, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Healthy eating blogs are knowledge translation tools used by nutrition and dietetics practitioners for helping people improve their health behaviors and food choices. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore women's perceptions of the usefulness and ease of use of healthy eating blog (HEB) characteristics that might increase potential users' intention to use them as tools to improve their dietary habits. DESIGN: We conducted qualitative research using semi-structured individual interviews...
October 26, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090119/a-review-on-the-toxicology-and-dietetic-role-of-bacterial-cellulose
#9
REVIEW
Fernando Dourado, Miguel Gama, Ana Cristina Rodrigues
Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a biopolymer synthesized by certain acetic acid bacteria strains. The safety of BC regarding its potential use in food applications is here reviewed. The acute, sub-acute and subchronic oral toxicity assays showed that consumption of BC had no adverse effects in rats. Several studies demonstrated that BC is not genotoxic, did not induce chromosomal aberrations in CHO cells under both non-activating and metabolic activating conditions, is inactive in the in vitro Rat Primary Hepatocyte Unscheduled DNA Synthesis Assay, had no reproductive toxicity in mice and exerted no embryotoxicity and teratogenicity effects in rats...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082683/-historical-evolution-and-change-of-differentiation-on-dried-ginger-fresh-ginger-and-baked-ginger
#10
Wen-Tao Fang, Zhi-Lai Zhan, Hua-Sheng Peng, Lu-Qi Huang
Ginger is commonly used as dietetic Chinese herbs, medicinal ginger mainly divided into dried ginger, fresh ginger and baked ginger. In this article, by sorting and studying literature of Chinese materia medica, textual criticism the historical evolution and change of differentiation on dried ginger, fresh ginger and baked ginger. Results indicate that, as the changes of the dynasty, dried ginger, fresh ginger and baked ginger gradually differentiation in producing area and processing method. Dried ginger beginning in Shennong Bencao Jing(Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica), Mingyi Bielu(Records of Famous Physicians) respectively included fresh ginger and dried ginger for the first time...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081270/home-based-telehealth-service-for-swallowing-and-nutrition-management-following-head-and-neck-cancer-treatment
#11
Annette Collins, Clare L Burns, Elizabeth C Ward, Tracy Comans, Claire Blake, Lizbeth Kenny, Phil Greenup, Daniel Best
Introduction Following (chemo)radiotherapy (C/RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC), patients return to hospital for regular outpatient reviews with speech pathology (SP) and nutrition and dietetics (ND) for acute symptom monitoring, nutritional management, and swallowing and communication rehabilitation. The aim of the current study was to determine the feasibility of a home-based telehealth model for delivering SP and ND reviews, to provide patients with more convenient access to these appointments. Methods Service outcomes, costs, and consumer satisfaction were examined across 30 matched participants: 15 supported via the standard model of care (SMOC), and 15 via the home-based telehealth model of care (TMOC)...
December 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073653/the-state-of-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-teaching-in-health-professional-education-in-new-zealand
#12
Gillian Robb, Iwona Stolarek, Susan Wells, Gillian Bohm
AIM: To investigate how quality and patient safety domains are being taught in the pre-registration curricula of health profession education programmes in New Zealand. METHODS: All tertiary institutions providing training for medicine, nursing, midwifery, dentistry, pharmacy, physiotherapy, dietetics and 11 other allied health professions in New Zealand were contacted and a person with relevant curriculum knowledge was invited to participate. Interviews were conducted using a semi-structured interview guide to explore nine quality and safety domains; improvement science, patient safety, quality and safety culture, evidence-based practice, patient-centred care, teamwork and communication, leadership for change, systems thinking and use of information technology (IT)...
October 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066177/barriers-and-strategies-for-healthy-food-choices-among-american-indian-tribal-college-students-a-qualitative-analysis
#13
Jill F Keith, Sherri Stastny, Ardith Brunt, Wanda Agnew
BACKGROUND: American Indian and Alaskan Native individuals experience disproportionate levels of chronic health conditions such as type 2 diabetes and overweight and obesity that are influenced by dietary patterns and food choices. Understanding factors that influence healthy food choices among tribal college students can enrich education and programs that target dietary intake. OBJECTIVE: To build an understanding of factors that influence healthy food choices among tribal college students at increased risk for college attrition...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064180/a-service-review-to-assess-if-innovative-intensive-phosphate-dietary-education-can-help-reduce-phosphate-levels-to-the-recommended-range-in-a-hemodialysis-population
#14
Eileen A Duff, Fiona M Chawke
INTRODUCTION: Studies suggest that hemodialysis (HD) patients are less likely to adhere to phosphate dietary restriction than to potassium, sodium, or fluid restriction. It is particularly important that dietary education is provided appropriately, consistently, and reinforced regularly to encourage compliance with diet and phosphate-binder regimens. Patient awareness of the consequences of a chronically raised phosphate and its treatment is associated with lower serum phosphate levels...
October 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064141/the-role-of-dietary-phosphate-restriction-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Grahame J Elder, Avya Malik, Kelly Lambert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) develop positive phosphate balance that is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and mortality. Modification of dietary phosphate is a commonly used strategy to improve outcomes but is complicated by the need for adequate dietary protein. Surprisingly, the evidence for patient-level benefits from phosphate restriction is tenuous, and the justification for using any phosphate binder for pre-dialysis patients is questionable...
October 24, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061163/an-integrative-review-of-the-methodology-and-findings-regarding-dietary-adherence-in-end-stage-kidney-disease
#16
Kelly Lambert, Judy Mullan, Kylie Mansfield
BACKGROUND: Dietary modification is an important component of the management of end stage kidney disease (ESKD). The diet for ESKD involves modifying energy and protein intake, and altering sodium, phosphate, potassium and fluid intake. There have been no comprehensive reviews to date on this topic. The aims of this integrative review were to (i) describe the methods used to measure dietary adherence (ii) determine the rate of dietary adherence and (iii) describe factors associated with dietary adherence in ESKD...
October 23, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055722/study-of-insulin-vascular-sensitivity-in-aortic-rings-and-endothelial-cells-from-aged-rats-subjected-to-caloric-restriction-role-of-perivascular-adipose-tissue
#17
S Amor, B Martín-Carro, C Rubio, J M Carrascosa, W Hu, Y Huang, A L García-Villalón, M Granado
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is dramatically increasing among elderly population. Metabolic syndrome in aged individuals is associated with hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance both in metabolic tissues and in the cardiovascular system, with this fact being associated with the cardiometabolic alterations associated to this condition. Caloric restriction (CR) improves insulin sensitivity and is one of the dietetic strategies most commonly used to enlarge life and to prevent aging induced cardiovascular alterations...
October 18, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053338/disaccharides-determination-a-review-of-analytical-methods
#18
Marta Pokrzywnicka, Robert Koncki
Disaccharides are determined mainly for dietetic purposes, hence the most analyses are carried out for food and drink samples. Its content can also be used to profile groceries in order to identify the origin and quality of the products. They also can be an indicator of the rate of metabolism as well as for the control of some technological and biotechnological processes. Unfortunately most of technological analysis are performed with nonselective polarimetry methods. Sugars due to specific physicochemical properties of compounds are difficult to determine with classical analytical techniques...
October 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035404/-biological-significance-of-chromium-iii-for-the-human-organism
#19
REVIEW
Anna Piotrowska, Wanda Pilch, Łukasz Tota, Gabriel Nowak
Currently, chromium is probably the most controversial transition metal. In recent publications it is clearly stated that it is not an essential micronutrient and should be considered to have a pharmacological effect. Conflicting scientific reports along with a huge amount of dietary supplements, as well as dietary and sports nutrients available on the market have prompted the authors to investigate the available information on the range of possible application, efficacy and safety of products containing salts or chelates of chromium III...
October 12, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029892/the-expert-s-guide-to-mealtime-interventions-a-delphi-method-survey
#20
Simone Conchin, Sharon Carey
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of malnutrition and a myriad of barriers to adequate oral diet in hospitalised patients warrants further investment to improve the patient mealtime experience. The aim of this study was to explore barriers and enablers to implementing effective mealtime interventions and develop a process framework to guide clinicians and researchers in the area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Potential experts in the area of hospital mealtime intervention were identified as having published in this field of work within the Australasian setting...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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