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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331600/a-real-world-study-on-the-genetic-cognitive-and-psychopathological-differences-of-obese-patients-clustered-according-to-eating-behaviours
#1
Mariarita Caroleo, Amedeo Primerano, Marianna Rania, Matteo Aloi, Valentina Pugliese, Fabio Magliocco, Gilda Fazia, Andrea Filippo, Flora Sinopoli, Marco Ricchio, Franco Arturi, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Considering that specific genetic profiles, psychopathological conditions and neurobiological systems underlie human behaviours, the phenotypic differentiation of obese patients according to eating behaviours should be investigated. The aim of this study was to classify obese patients according to their eating behaviours and to compare these clusters in regard to psychopathology, personality traits, neurocognitive patterns and genetic profiles. METHODS: A total of 201 obese outpatients seeking weight reduction treatment underwent a dietetic visit, psychological and psychiatric assessment and genotyping for SCL6A2 polymorphisms...
December 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325664/results-of-the-clinician-apps-survey-how-clinicians-working-with-patients-with-diabetes-and-obesity-use-mobile-health-apps
#2
Justine Karduck, Karen Chapman-Novakofski
OBJECTIVE: To develop and administer a questionnaire to determine what factors may be associated with app use (including frequency of use, reasons to recommend to clients/patients, perceived effectiveness on health, health aspects used, features, and types of apps) by clinicians working in diabetes and weight management patient care settings. METHODS: The Clinician Apps Survey was developed and contained 3 question domains (smartphone apps use, behavior theory in counseling sessions, and demographics) to explore frequency, types, preferred features, benefits/barriers of using apps, counseling techniques used, and clinician demographics...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315948/a-patient-specific-approach-to-developing-an-exclusion-diet-to-manage-food-allergy-in-infants-and-children
#3
Carina Venter, Marion Groetch, Merryn Netting, Rosan Meyer
Food allergy is becoming increasingly common in infants and young children. This paper set out to explain the different factors that should be taken into account during an individualized allergy consultation: Foods to avoid and degree of avoidance, suitable alternatives, self-management skills, co-and cross-reactive allergens and novel allergens alongside the role of the industry in allergen avoidance, importance of nutritional aspects of the diet and the future directions that nutritional guidance make take...
January 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314662/development-and-validation-of-a-written-credentialing-examination-for-overseas-educated-dietitians
#4
Neville G Chiavaroli, Eleanor J Beck, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Paul Wilkinson, Kay Gibbons, Claire Palermo
AIM: Health professionals seeking employment in foreign countries are commonly required to undertake competency assessment in order to practice. The present study aims to outline the development and validation of a written examination for Dietetic Skills Recognition (DSR), to assess the knowledge, skills, capabilities and professional judgement of overseas-educated dietitians against the competency standards applied to dietetic graduates in Australia. METHODS: The present study reviews the design, rationale, validation and outcomes of a multiple choice question (MCQ) written examination for overseas-educated dietitians based on 5 years of administration...
January 4, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305245/home-parenteral-nutrition-increases-fat-free-mass-in-patients-with-incurable-gastrointestinal-cancer-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Sine Roelsgaard Obling, Benedicte Vibjerg Wilson, Per Pfeiffer, Jens Kjeldsen
OBJECTIVE: Preventing loss of muscle mass and function is an enduring challenge in malnourished patients with incurable cancer. The benefit of supplemental home parenteral nutrition has not been firmly established. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of supplemental home parenteral nutrition, the primary endpoint being fat free mass (FFM) and secondary: muscle function, quality of life and overall survival. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a single centre open-label randomised controlled trial, patients with incurable gastrointestinal cancer, nutritionally at risk, were randomly assigned to either; a) best practice nutritional care and dietetic counselling (non-sHPN) or b) dietetic counselling and supplemental home parenteral nutrition (sHPN group)...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303961/individualizing-treatment-approaches-for-epileptic-patients-with-glucose-transporter-type1-glut-1-deficiency
#6
REVIEW
Armond Daci, Adnan Bozalija, Fisnik Jashari, Shaip Krasniqi
Monogenic and polygenic mutations are important contributors in patients suffering from epilepsy, including metabolic epilepsies which are inborn errors of metabolism with a good respond to specific dietetic treatments. Heterozygous variation in solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 1 (SLC2A1) and mutations of the GLUT1/SLC2A2 gene results in the failure of glucose transport, which is related with a glucose type-1 transporter (GLUT1) deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS). GLUT1 deficiency syndrome is a treatable disorder of glucose transport into the brain caused by a variety of mutations in the SLC2A1 gene which are the cause of different neurological disorders also with different types of epilepsy and related clinical phenotypes...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298740/-the-danish-history-of-rehabilitation-and-what-is-the-doctor-s-role-in-the-future
#7
Fin Biering-Sørensen, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Claus Vinther Nielsen
Not least tuberculosis caused the growth of many spas. In Denmark, the Society for Physical Therapy and Dietetic was formed in 1902, and in 1921 it changed its name to the Danish Physiatrists Society, later the Danish Society for Physiatrists and Rehabilitation. In the early 1980's the National Board of Health decided, that all specialties should rehabilitate patients within their own area, and the specialty for rehabilitation was abolished. Therefore, all doctors need to have knowledge of the biopsychosocial model and the involvement of other professional groups and sectors...
January 1, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289548/nutrition-and-cancer-research-resources-for-the-nutrition-and-dietetics-practitioner
#8
Nancy J Emenaker, Ashley J Vargas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288173/population-level-impact-of-diabetes-integrated-care-on-commissioner-payments-for-inpatient-care-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-cambridgeshire-a-postintervention-cohort-follow-up-study
#9
Dahai Yu, Wei Yang, Yamei Cai, Zhanzheng Zhao, David Simmons
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have estimated the effect of diabetes integrated care at a population level. We have assessed the impact of introducing a community service-led diabetes integrated care programme on commissioner payments (tariff) for inpatient care in rural England. METHODS: The Diabetes Integrated Care Initiative was delivered by a separate enhanced community diabetes service, increasing specialist nursing, dietetic, podiatry and medical support to primary care and patients, while linking into other diabetes specialist services...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284224/application-of-dietetics-in-reproductive-medicine
#10
Michal Skrzypek, Artur Wdowiak, Agnieszka Marzec
In the light of up-to-date epidemiological data concerning the prevalence of infertility, and also considering the scale of the problem of obesity and proven cause-effect relationship between abnormal body weight and infertility, it is justifiable to undertake the task of systematization of the state of knowledge concerning nutritional correlates of infertility, in order to create a scientific basis for the formulation of the assumptions of a fertility diet. The study is an attempt to systematize the current state of knowledge concerning the importance of energy and structural (qualitative) aspects of nutrition in the prevention and treatment of infertility...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279267/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-standards-of-practice-in-nutrition-care-and-standards-of-professional-performance-for-nutrition-and-dietetics-technicians-registered
#11
(no author information available yet)
Nutrition and dietetics technicians, registered (NDTRs) face complex situations every day. Competently addressing the unique needs of each situation and applying standards appropriately are essential to providing safe, timely patient-/client-/customer-centered quality nutrition and dietetics care and services. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) leads the profession by developing standards that can be used by NDTRs (who are credentialed by the Commission on Dietetic Registration) for self-evaluation to assess quality of practice and performance...
December 23, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279266/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-scope-of-practice-for-the-nutrition-and-dietetics-technician-registered
#12
Denise Andersen, Shari Baird, Denise L Chapel, Alana D Cline, Shyamala N Ganesh, Margaret Garner, Barbara L Grant, Kathryn K Hamilton, Krista Jablonski, Sherri L Jones, Alexandra G Kazaks, Susan H Konek, Kelly K Leonard, Kimi G McAdam, Beth N Ogata, Egondu M Onuoha, Gretchen Y Robinson, Darrin W Schmidt, Nancy G Walters, Pauline Williams, Pamela Wu, Karen Hui, Carol Gilmore, Mujahed Khan, Dana Buelsing, Sharon M McCauley
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) is the world's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals and the association that represents credentialed nutrition and dietetics practitioners-nutrition and dietetics technicians, registered (NDTRs) and registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs). An NDTR's scope of practice in nutrition and dietetics has flexible boundaries to capture the depth and breadth of the individual's practice. The NDTR's practice expands with advances in many areas, including nutrition, food production, food safety, food systems management, health care, public health, community health, and information and communication technology...
December 23, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279265/adolescent-anorexia-guiding-principles-and-skills-for-the-dietetic-support-of-family-based-treatment
#13
Bryan Lian, Sarah E Forsberg, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278531/nutritional-implications-of-dietary-interventions-for-managing-gastrointestinal-disorders
#14
Heidi M Staudacher, Matthew Kurien, Kevin Whelan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to summarize some of the key dietary interventions recommended for common gastrointestinal disorders and to discuss recent evidence regarding their nutritional implications. RECENT FINDINGS: The gluten-free diet has been shown to negatively influence overall diet quality. The gluten-free diet is essential in celiac disease, although it is increasingly used for other perceived health benefits for which an analysis of perceived benefit should be weighed against any nutritional risks...
December 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238132/implementing-evidence-based-nutrition-practice-guidelines-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-lebanon
#15
Najat Yahia, Maya Khoury, Tania Salloum, Rita Younes, Mounzer Saleh, Esther Myers
Lebanon is a Middle Eastern country experiencing a surge in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among adults. This pilot study evaluated the feasibility and outcomes of implementing the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guidelines (EBNPGs) as part of medical care for patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Seventy-five patients were recruited from 3 Lebanese hospitals, received nutrition care according to EBNPGs, and were followed up for 12 months. Patients achieved significant improvement in clinical outcomes between baseline and 3, 6, and 12 months...
October 2017: Topics in Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233677/alzheimer-s-disease-and-gut-microbiota-modifications-the-long-way-between-preclinical-studies-and-clinical-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Cesare Mancuso, Rosaria Santangelo
Recent studies have suggested the role of an infectious component in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In light of this, research has focused on some bacteria constituting the intestinal microbial flora which can produce amyloid. Once generated, the latter hypothetically triggers a systemic inflammatory response which compromises complex brain functions, such as learning and memory. Clinical studies have shown that, in cognitively impaired elderly patients with brain amyloidosis, there is lower abundance in the gut of E...
December 9, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226712/-risk-stratification-before-thoracic-surgery-perioperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#17
Attila Vágvölgyi, Zsolt Rozgonyi, Pál Vadász, János Tamás Varga
INTRODUCTION: Besides the oncology and operative surgical technics, functional aspects influence the operability of lung cancer. Preoperative risk stratification, evaluation of postoperative complications needs to be considered. AIM: To review international literature and experiences of our institute. METHOD: We focused the literature of risk stratification of thoracic surgery. Lung function, lung mechanics, chest kinematics, exercise physiology were considered...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222881/development-and-validation-of-a-pediatric-nutritional-screening-score-pnss-for-hospitalized-children
#18
Lina Lu, Xiaomeng Mao, Jinye Sheng, Jianhu Huang, Ying Wang, Qingya Tang, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is no evidence on the most effective nutritional screening tool for hospitalized children. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a pediatric nutritional screening tool to assess undernutrition risk upon hospital admission. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study had a two-phase prospective observational design. A novel pediatric nutritional screening score (PNSS) was developed and sensitivity, specificity, and reliability were evaluated by comparing with a complete dietetic assessment...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217123/food-insecurity-and-the-nutrition-care-process-practical-applications-for-dietetics-practitioners
#19
Marianna S Wetherill, Kayla Castleberry White, Christine Rivera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208036/informal-care-and-health-behaviors-among-elderly-people-with-chronic-diseases
#20
Hong Wu, Naiji Lu
BACKGROUND: The mechanism by which social relationships influence health can be interpreted as a social network regulating one's health behaviors. Based on the hypothesis that relatives, friends, or neighbors are sources of social support and may monitor one's health behaviors, researchers have gotten significant and consistent results that a social network can regulate health behaviors. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to examine the role of informal care in the regulation of health behaviors, especially for elderly individuals with chronic diseases that can be controlled by healthy behaviors...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
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