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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920091/implication-on-significance-of-the-dietary-compatibility-based-on-the-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-interactions-with-different-ratios-of-hydrophilic-and-lipophilic-antioxidants-among-four-daily-agricultural-crops
#1
Yao Pan, Hongyan Li, Shi-Lian Zheng, Bing Zhang, Zeyuan Deng
The hydrophilic extracts of eggplant peel (HEEP) and purple sweet potato (HEPP), lipophilic extracts of tomato (LET) and carrot (LEC) were mixed in different ratios to assess the significance on the compatibility of aliments, based on their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory interactions in H9c2 cells. The results indicated that groups of some combinational extracts (HEPP-HEEP: F1/10, LEC-HEEP: F3/10, LEC-HEPP: F3/10) showed stronger synergistic antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects than individual groups...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844947/surgical-technical-evidence-review-of-hip-fracture-surgery-conducted-for-the-ahrq-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery
#2
REVIEW
Anaar Siletz, Christopher P Childers, Claire Faltermeier, Emily S Singer, Q Lina Hu, Clifford Y Ko, Stephen L Kates, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Elizabeth Wick
Background: Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) have been shown to improve patient outcomes in a variety of contexts. This review summarizes the evidence and defines a protocol for perioperative care of patients with hip fracture and was conducted for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality safety program for improving surgical care and recovery. Study Design: Perioperative care was divided into components or "bins." For each bin, a semisystematic review of the literature was conducted using MEDLINE with priority given to systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and randomized controlled trials...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746423/total-pharyngo-esophageal-stenosis-a-new-surgical-procedure-using-modified-retrograde-transillumination-approach
#3
Jerome R Lechien, Giovanni Dapri, Sven Saussez
We performed a modified combined anterograde-retrograde dilatation in a 60-year-old woman with complete pharyngo-esophageal stricture (PES). With a large endoscopic view from the upper (laryngoscope) and lower (pediatric gastroscope introduced via gastrostomy tube) parts of the PES, the approach consisted of a retrograde puncture of the complete PES by transillumination to take the guide coming from the pediatric endoscope. The guide was pulled through the mouth and the PES dilatation was made using successive boogies of various diameters through the guide...
May 9, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701767/development-of-full-sweet-umami-and-bitter-taste-responsiveness-requires-regulator-of-g-protein-signaling-21-rgs21
#4
Adam B Schroer, Joshua D Gross, Shane W Kaski, Kim Wix, David P Siderovski, Aurelie Vandenbeuch, Vincent Setola
The mammalian tastes of sweet, umami, and bitter are initiated by activation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) of the T1R and T2R families on taste receptor cells. GPCRs signal via nucleotide exchange and hydrolysis, the latter hastened by GTPase-accelerating proteins (GAPs) that include the Regulators of G protein Signaling (RGS) protein family. We previously reported that RGS21, uniquely expressed in Type II taste receptor cells, decreases the potency of bitter-stimulated T2R signaling in cultured cells, consistent with its in vitro GAP activity...
May 23, 2018: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669486/diet-the-keystone-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
S Peretti, M Mariano, C Mazzocchetti, M Mazza, M C Pino, A Verrotti Di Pianella, M Valenti
Children with autism are characterized by an impairment of social interaction and repetitive patterns of behaviour. Autism is a heterogeneous span of disorders with unknown aetiology. Research has grown significantly and has suggested that environmental risk factors acting during the prenatal period could influence the neurodevelopment of offspring. The literature suggests that the maternal diet during pregnancy has a fundamental role in the etiopathogenesis of autism. Indeed, a maternal diet that is high in some nutrients has been associated with an increase or reduction in the risk of develop Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)...
April 19, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669265/modification-of-ige-binding-to-%C3%AE-s1-casein-by-proteolytic-activity-of-enterococcus-faecium-isolated-from-iranian-camel-milk-samples
#6
Reihane Kordesedehi, Asghar Taheri-Kafrani, Mohammad Rabbani-Khorasgani, Rezvan Kazemi, Daniel Mutangadura, Thomas Haertle
Milk is a perfect source of nutrients for neonates. When breast feeding cannot be done, an infant's alimentation is usually initiated to cow's milk, among the primary foods. It has been reported that about 2.5% of juveniles under the age of 3 years manifest allergic reactions to cow's milk proteins. Among the cow's milk proteins, casein fractions are considered as the strongest allergenic proteins. The proteolytic enzymes of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), during fermentation of dairy products, can break down milk proteins especially caseins and subsequently reduce the immune reactivity of allergenic proteins...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614102/does-growth-path-influence-beef-lipid-deposition-and-fatty-acid-composition
#7
Ana S H Costa, Paulo Costa, Susana P Alves, Cristina M Alfaia, José A M Prates, Veronica Vleck, Isabelle Cassar-Malek, Jean-François Hocquette, Rui J B Bessa
Despite the recent advances in transcriptomics, gene expression studies addressing cattle´s skeletal muscle adaptations in response to compensatory growth are warranted, particularly regarding lipid metabolism due to its impact in meat sensory and nutritional traits. In the present study, in comparison to ad libitum feeding, a period of feed restriction was used in order to understand the changes in bull´s lipid metabolism and gene expression of the adipogenic and lipogenic pathways after re-alimentation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608434/food-tolerance-and-quality-of-alimentation-following-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-calibrated-with-a-50-fr-bougie-long-term-results
#8
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Maryana Bozhychko, Jone Miren Del-Campo, Lorea Zubiaga, Carolina Llavero
BACKGROUND: Adjustable gastric banding and vertical banded gastroplasty are associated with the worst postoperative food tolerance of all bariatric techniques. However, food tolerance tends to improve over time. The aim of this study was to assess food tolerance and diet quality in patients undergoing a sleeve gastrectomy, 1 and 5 years after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study of all the morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy was performed...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556726/new-treatment-options-for-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Bram Verstockt, Marc Ferrante, Séverine Vermeire, Gert Van Assche
The advent of anti-TNF agents has dramatically changed the treatment algorithms for IBD in the last 15 years, but primarily and more importantly secondary loss of response is often observed. Fortunately , new treatment options have been actively explored and some have already entered our clinical practice. In the class of anti-cytokine agents, the anti-IL12/IL23 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have entered clinical practice with the anti-p40 mAb ustekinumab in Crohn's disease (CD). Also, more selective anti-IL23 agents (anti-p19) have shown efficacy and are being further developed, in contrast to agents inhibiting IL-17 downstream which have failed in clinical trials despite their clear efficacy in psoriasis (Verstockt et al...
May 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554113/effect-of-dietary-restriction-and-subsequent-re-alimentation-on-the-transcriptional-profile-of-bovine-jejunal-epithelium
#10
Kate Keogh, Sinead M Waters, Paul Cormican, Alan K Kelly, David A Kenny
Compensatory growth (CG), an accelerated growth phenomenon which occurs following a period of dietary restriction is utilised worldwide in animal production systems as a management practise to lower feed costs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of jejunal epithelial to CG in cattle through transcriptional profiling following a period of dietary restriction as well as subsequent re-alimentation induced CG. Sixty Holstein Friesian bulls were separated into two groups; RES and ADLIB, with 30 animals in each...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525802/respiratory-syncytial-virus-bronchiolitis-and-hypertransaminasemia
#11
Salvatore Giordano, Maria Di Gangi, Maria Concetta Failla, Lucrezia Bruno, Veronica Falcone, Piera Dones
Bronchiolitis is the most common disease of the lower respiratory tract occurring in children during their first year of life, becoming the most frequent cause of hospitalization. Although the disease can also be caused by other viruses, more than 70% of bronchiolitis cases are caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). RSV bronchiolitis clinically presents rhinitis, coughing, increased breathing and eating difficulties; the symptoms are usually mild, but in some cases may be so severe as to require hospitalization...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510657/tangential-flow-filtration-technique-an-overview-on-nanomedicine-applications
#12
Teresa Musumeci, Antonio Leonardi, Angela Bonaccorso, Rosario Pignatello, Giovanni Puglisi
Purification is a key step for different types of approaches, ranging from food, biotechnology to pharmaceutical fields. In biotechnology, tangential flow filtration (TFF) allows obtaining the separation of different components of cells without instability phenomena. In the food industry, TFF ensures the removal of contaminants or other substances that negatively affect visual appearance, organoleptic attributes, nutritional value and/or safety of ailments. In the pharmaceutical area, purification is also an important and necessary step controlling the quality of final product...
2018: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482271/carmelo-giordano-1930-2016-uremia-therapy-by-low-protein-alimentation-and-sorbents
#13
Natale G De Santo, Ernesto Quarto, Malcolm E Phillips, Carlo de Pascale, Biagio R Di Iorio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473900/qualification-of-food-intake-by-the-roma-population-in-the-region-of-south-bohemia
#14
Lenka Sedova, Valerie Tothova, Dita Novakova, Vera Olisarova, Sylva Bartlova, Frantisek Dolak, Alena Kajanova, Radka Prokesova, Vera Adamkova
The article presents the results of a correlation study, aimed at quantifying the food intake of the Roma population in the South Bohemian Region. To achieve the goal, we applied the method of one-day dietary recall and frequency food analysis (non-standardized). The quantification was carried out by analysis in the Nutridan program. The study involved 302 Roma persons and 298 persons in the control group. Both groups had the same representation of males and females (50:50). The age categories of both sets differed; the average age of the Roma was lower (39...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468091/surgical-technical-evidence-review-for-elective-total-joint-replacement-conducted-for-the-ahrq-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery
#15
REVIEW
Christopher P Childers, Anaar E Siletz, Emily S Singer, Claire Faltermeier, Q Lina Hu, Clifford Y Ko, Gregory J Golladay, Stephen L Kates, Elizabeth C Wick, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons
Background: Use of enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) can improve patient outcomes, yet national implementation of these pathways remains low. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ; funder), the American College of Surgeons, and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patent Safety and Quality have developed the Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery-a national effort to catalyze implementation of practices to improve perioperative care and enhance recovery of surgical patients...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466809/an-update-on-the-biological-activities-of-euterpe-edulis-ju%C3%A3-ara
#16
Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Sheyla de Liz, Débora Kurrle Rieger, Ana Carolina Aguiar Farah, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
The palm tree Euterpe edulis , known as juçara, produces spherical and purple fruits, similar to those of the Euterpe oleracea and Euterpe precatoria palm trees, from which the common name açaí originates. Juçara fruit has been gaining prominence in the scientific world for its interesting nutritional composition, which is rich in antioxidants, and for its sustainable production model. Recently, relevant biological activities have been associated with the juçara fruit, and its use in alimentation has become an important nutritional, environmental, and economic alternative...
May 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408310/phytochemical-characterization-and-biological-activity-evaluation-of-ethanolic-extract-of-cinnamomum-zeylanicum
#17
Ishrat Husain, Rumana Ahmad, Anu Chandra, Syed Tasleem Raza, Yogeshwer Shukla, Farzana Mahdi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: India being a multicultural nation, every region of the country offers a distinct culinary flavor and taste. These flavors are attributed to spices and condiments which form the mainstay of Indian cuisine. Most of these spices and condiments are derived from various biodiversity hotspots in India and form the crux of India's multidiverse and multicultural cuisine. Apart from their varying aromas, flavors and tastes, these spices and condiments are known to possess several medicinal properties also...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408269/aedes-aegypti-antiviral-adaptive-response-against-denv-2
#18
Javier Serrato-Salas, Javier Izquierdo-Sánchez, Martha Argüello, Renáud Conde, Alejandro Alvarado-Delgado, Humberto Lanz-Mendoza
Priming is the conceptual term defining memory phenomenon in innate immune response. Numerous examples of enhanced secondary immune response have been described in diverse taxa of invertebrates; which naturally lacks memory response. In mosquitoes, a previous non-lethal challenge with some specific pathogens modify their immune response against the same microorganism; developing an improved antimicrobial reaction. In this work, we explore the ability of Aedes aegypti to mount a higher antiviral response upon a second oral DENV challenge...
July 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320416/eating-patterns-in-patients-with-compensated-cirrhosis-a-case-control-study
#19
Camille Buscail, Valérie Bourcier, Léopold K Fezeu, Dominique Roulot, Séverine Brulé, Zahia Ben-Abdesselam, Carole Cagnot, Serge Hercberg, Pierre Nahon, Nathalie Ganne-Carrié, Chantal Julia
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence suggesting that maintaining an adequate nutritional status for patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) is relevant to prevent complications. The present study aimed to describe dietary behaviours of patients with compensated and non-complicated LC and comparing them with those of subjects from the general population. METHODS: In this case-control study, patients were volunteers enrolled in the ALICIR (ALImentation et CIRrhose) study, an observational survey nested in two French prospective cohorts of patients with biopsy-proven compensated cirrhosis related either to excessive alcohol consumption (CIRRAL) or to hepatitis B or C virus infection (CirVir)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199838/evaluating-the-eight-item-patient-health-questionnaire-s-psychometric-properties-with-mexican-and-central-american-descent-university-students
#20
David Alpizar, Luciana Laganá, Scott W Plunkett, Brian F French
Depression can be a serious aliment influencing the lives of millions of persons. Person's health conditions worsen and daily functioning declines in the presence of depression. However, little attention has been given to how depression is accurately assessed in diverse populations from other countries residing in the United States. Thus, this study examined the factor structure, factorial invariance, concurrent validity, and convergent validity of the widely used 8-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8) among emerging adults of Mexican and Central American (e...
June 2018: Psychological Assessment
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