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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431170/early-total-enteral-feeding-in-stable-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-before-and-after-study
#1
Sushma Nangia, Amit Bishnoi, Ankita Goel, Piali Mandal, Soumya Tiwari, Arvind Saili
Background: Fear of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has perpetuated delayed initiation and slow advancement of enteral feeding in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with inherent risks of parenteral alimentation. The objective of this study was to assess effect of early total enteral feeding (ETEF) on day of achievement of full enteral feeds, feed intolerance, NEC and sepsis. Methods: In total, 208 stable VLBW neonates (28-34 weeks) admitted during 6 month periods of three consecutive years were enrolled...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394304/the-diet-and-haemodialysis-dyad-three-eras-four-open-questions-and-four-paradoxes-a-narrative-review-towards-a-personalized-patient-centered-approach
#2
REVIEW
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Maria Rita Moio, Antioco Fois, Andreea Sofronie, Lurlinys Gendrot, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Claudia D'Alessandro, Adamasco Cupisti
The history of dialysis and diet can be viewed as a series of battles waged against potential threats to patients' lives. In the early years of dialysis, potassium was identified as "the killer", and the lists patients were given of forbidden foods included most plant-derived nourishment. As soon as dialysis became more efficient and survival increased, hyperphosphatemia, was identified as the enemy, generating an even longer list of banned aliments. Conversely, the "third era" finds us combating protein-energy wasting...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380145/-representation-of-self-care-of-health-at-work-among-urban-bus-drivers-in-guadalajara-mexico
#3
Mercedes Gabriela Orozco-Solis, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, María de Lourdes Preciado-Serrano, Mario Ángel-González, Julio César Vázquez-Colunga, Bertha Alicia Colunga-Rodríguez
This study aimed to analyze the social representations of health self-care at work among urban bus drivers in Guadalajara, Mexico. The methodology was qualitative, with a multi-method design based on the theory of social representations. The first stage involved active observation sessions with the information recorded in field notes; in the second stage, the associative letter technique and successively hierarchized trees technique were applied to 20 drivers, submitting the data to a classical analysis of the free associations; a third stage involved semi-structured interviews with 4 drivers, submitted to content analysis...
April 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300048/cardiovascular-responses-to-millet-pounding-activity-among-women-in-a-rural-community-in-northeastern-nigeria
#4
Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi, Fati Jajimaji, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Abdul-Hameed A Jabbo
BACKGROUND: Pounding food items in a wooden mortal is a common home chore in many communities in African and Asian countries. However, no empirical data exist on energy expenditure during this activity, and whether the activity can be considered a light, moderate, or vigorous intensity physical activity is unknown. PURPOSE: This study was aimed at gaining insights into energy expenditure during millet pounding through cardiovascular responses to millet pounding activity, and to explore possible differences in response between women who pound millet as their occupation (habitual millet pounders) and those who pound millet only for their own home cooking but not as a job (nonhabitual pounders)...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177326/supracricoid-laryngectomy-for-recurrent-laryngeal-cancer-after-chemoradiotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
C A Leone, P Capasso, D Topazio, G Russo
Residual or recurrent laryngeal cancer after irradiation is a difficult clinical problem with a rate that ranges from 13% to 36% of cases. Supracricoid laryngectomy (SCL) with cricohyoidopexy (CHP) or cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) provide reliable oncological and functional results for selected primary and recurrent patients with glottic and supraglottic carcinomas. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the oncological and functional outcomes of patients treated with open partial horizontal laryngectomy types IIa and IIb (CHEP, CHP) in terms of the recurrence of squamocellular cancer of the larynx after radiotherapy failure...
December 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#6
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122160/physicochemical-properties-antioxidant-and-anti-proliferative-capacities-of-dried-leaf-and-its-extract-from-xao-tam-phan-paramignya-trimera
#7
Van Tang Nguyen, Jennette A Sakoff, Christopher J Scarlett
Xao tam phan (P. trimera) has been used for the treatment of cancer and cancer-like aliments. Among different parts of P. trimera plant, leaf is considered as a residual part after harvesting of the root. This study aimed to determine the physiochemical properties, antioxidant and anti-proliferative capacities of P. trimera leaf (PTL) using microwave drying for the preparation of dry sample; methanol and microwave-assisted extraction for the preparation of crude extract; and freeze drying for the preparation of powdered extract...
January 25, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116591/prism-a-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-accurately-measures-symptom-change-in-refractory-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#8
Garth Fuller, Roger Bolus, Cynthia Whitman, Jennifer Talley, M Haim Erder, Alain Joseph, Debra G Silberg, Brennan Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Most patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) experience relief following treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) (Vakil et al. in Am J Gastroenterol 101:1900-1920, 2006; Everhart and Ruhl in Gastroenterology 136:376-386, 2009). As many as 17-44% of patients, however, exhibit only partial response to therapy. Most extant GERD patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments fail to meet development best practices as described by the FDA (Talley and Wiklund in Qual Life Res 14:21-33, 2005; Van Pinxteren et al...
March 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027573/defects-in-myosin-vb-are-associated-with-a-spectrum-of-previously-undiagnosed-low-%C3%AE-glutamyltransferase-cholestasis
#9
Yi-Ling Qiu, Jing-Yu Gong, Jia-Yan Feng, Ren-Xue Wang, Jun Han, Teng Liu, Yi Lu, Li-Ting Li, Mei-Hong Zhang, Jonathan A Sheps, Neng-Li Wang, Yan-Yan Yan, Jia-Qi Li, Lian Chen, Christoph H Borchers, Bence Sipos, A S Knisely, Victor Ling, Qing-He Xing, Jian-She Wang
Hereditary cholestasis in childhood and infancy with normal serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity is linked to several genes. Many patients, however, remain genetically undiagnosed. Defects in myosin VB (MYO5B; encoded by MYO5B) cause microvillus inclusion disease (MVID; MIM251850) with recurrent watery diarrhea. Cholestasis, reported as an atypical presentation in MVID, has been considered a side effect of parenteral alimentation. Here, however, we report on 10 patients who experienced cholestasis associated with biallelic, or suspected biallelic, mutations in MYO5B and who had neither recurrent diarrhea nor received parenteral alimentation...
May 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002520/clinical-immunological-and-pathological-profile-of-infants-suffering-from-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy
#10
Elena Tătăranu, Smaranda Diaconescu, Camelia Geanina Ivănescu, Ioan Sârbu, Maria Stamatin
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most frequently encountered form of food allergy in pediatric patients and occurs secondary to cow's milk proteins (CMP) ingestion. The aim of this study is to define the profile of children suffering from CMPA and to describe the associated pathological findings. The authors performed a retrospective case-control study on 160 infants that presented with CMPA symptoms at "Sf. Maria" Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children, Iassy, Romania, between January 2013 and January 2015...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981459/taste-enjoyment-and-desire-of-flavors-change-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-short-term-results
#11
Michele A Janse Van Vuuren, Esben Strodl, Katherine M White, Philip David Lockie
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) incidence continues to increase worldwide because of its efficacy and low surgical risks. This study aimed to investigate satisfaction with eating and the change in taste perception, desire, and enjoyment of flavor changes and associations with extent of percentage excess weight loss (%excess weight loss (EWL)) post-LSG. METHODS: One hundred six participants completed an online questionnaire 4 to 6 weeks as well as 6 to 8 months post-LSG bariatric surgery...
December 15, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975019/usefulness-of-the-clavien-dindo-classification-in-understanding-the-limitations-and-indications-of-larynx-preserving-esophageal-reconstruction
#12
Hiroki Umezawa, Junichi Nakao, Takeshi Matsutani, Hiroaki Kuwahara, Marie Taga, Rei Ogawa
BACKGROUND: The Clavien-Dindo (CD) classification is used to evaluate the severity of surgical complications. However, its usefulness in esophageal reconstruction has not been reported. To address this, this case series study used the CD classification to evaluate the complications after cervical esophageal reconstruction with free jejunum transfer or supercharged pedicled intestinal transfer. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent esophageal cancer surgery with larynx-preserving free jejunum or pedicled ileocolic transfer in June 2012-December 2015 were identified...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951464/compensatory-growth-in-crossbred-aberdeen-angus-and-belgian-blue-steers-effects-on-the-colour-shear-force-and-sensory-characteristics-of-longissimus-muscle
#13
S M Keady, S M Waters, R M Hamill, P G Dunne, M G Keane, R I Richardson, D A Kenny, A P Moloney
The effect of feed restriction (99days) followed by compensatory growth during a 200day re-alimentation period on the colour and sensory characteristics of meat from Aberdeen Angus×Holstein-Friesian (AN) and Belgian Blue×Holstein-Friesian (BB) steers was examined. Compensatory growth had no effect on muscle pH and temperature decline, chemical composition, drip loss, fat colour, or juiciness, but increased (P=0.009) Warner-Bratzler shear force and decreased tenderness (P=0.08) and overall liking (P=0.09)...
March 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928446/gastrostomy-with-peritoneal-collar-versus-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
C Tudor, C Branescu, C Savlovschi, A El-Khatib, H Pantu, A Nica, A M Dascalu, B Masoumeh, A S Tudor, S M Oprescu, D Serban
Aim. The present study aimed to perform a medico-surgical comparative analysis of the 2 most widely used techniques: gastrostomy with peritoneal collar versus percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, based on the vast clinical experience in an Upper Digestive Surgery Clinic. Materials and method. A retrospective study was carried out between January 2010 and January 2015 on the patients admitted for a surgical solution for feeding. The indications, preoperative preparation, surgical techniques, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785098/single-shot-lamina-thoracic-paravertebral-block-with-ketofol-for-modified-radical-mastectomy
#15
Ambrose Rukewe, Oludolapo O Afuwape, Austin Ugheoke, Akinola A Fatiregun
We describe the use of single-shot lamina thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) with sedation for a 56-year-old female patient who had modified radical mastectomy with axillary clearance. Two years ago, she suffered vocal cord palsy post thyroidectomy, which was managed with tracheostomy. The tracheostomy tube was removed 8 months later, leaving the patient with persistent hoarseness of voice and left vocal cord palsy. She declined general anesthesia and consented for TPVB. The surgery lasted 95 minutes and was successfully completed with TPVB...
2016: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777548/crush-syndrome-chez-l%C3%A2-adulte-et-problematique-de-sa-prise-en-charge-a-la-phase-aigu%C3%A3
#16
P F Hemou, H D Sama, P Tchétikè, T Potkar
Le crush syndrome se définit comme l'ensemble des manifestations locales et générales secondaires à une rhabdomyolyse traumatique avec ischémie de grosses masses musculaires par compression prolongée, à l'origine d'un syndrome compartimental ou syndrome des loges. Rarement isolé, il peut passer inaperçu dans les 24 à 48 premières heures de la phase aiguë d'un traumatisme sévère quand les principales préoccupations médicales sont la sauvegarde des fonctions vitales. La souffrance musculaire liée au syndrome compartimental entraîne la libération de myoglobine dans la circulation générale...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699170/network-based-approach-in-the-establishment-of-the-relationship-between-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-complications-at-the-molecular-level-coupled-with-molecular-docking-mechanism
#17
Shailima Rampogu, Mary Rampogu Lemuel
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major metabolic disorders that is currently threatening the world. DM is seen associated with obesity and diabetic retinopathy (DR). In the present paper we tried to evaluate the relationship between the three aliments at the gene level and further performed the molecular docking to identify the common drug for all the three diseases. We have adopted several software programs such as Phenopedia, VennViewer, and CDOCKER to accomplish the objective. Our results revealed six genes that commonly associated and are involved in the signalling pathway...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599954/-alimentary-and-lifestyle-changes-as-a-strategy-in-the-prevention-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-milestones-and-perspectives
#18
M M Hernández Ruiz de Eguilaz, M A Batlle, B Martínez de Morentin, R San-Cristóbal, S Pérez-Díez, S Navas-Carretero, J A Martínez
A high caloric intake in today's nutrition and a sedentary lifestyle are the main causes of the notable increase in obesity in our society. In turn, this results in an increase in associated pathologies, such as metabolic syndrome and diabetes type 2. In the present work we review most recent studies and programs, which are significant due to their sample size and geographical diversity. It clearly shows that changes in alimentation and lifestyles are an effective instrument for combatting or delaying the onset of these diseases...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566729/effect-of-age-on-the-occurrence-of-muscle-fiber-degeneration-associated-with-myopathies-in-broiler-chickens-submitted-to-feed-restriction
#19
G Radaelli, A Piccirillo, M Birolo, D Bertotto, F Gratta, C Ballarin, M Vascellari, G Xiccato, A Trocino
To evaluate muscle fiber degeneration (MFD) associated with white striping and wooden breast, pectoralis major of 192 broilers differing for genotype (standard vs. high breast yield), gender, and feeding regime (ad libitum vs. restricted rate 80% from 13 to 21 d of age) were sampled at 14, 21, 28, 35, and 46 d of age for histological analyses by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining to evaluate tissue morphology, Masson's trichrome to identify collagen presence, and Oil red and Nile blue for lipid presence. Microvessels (diameter ≤15 μm), nuclei positive to anti-cleaved lamin A and monoclonal proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) antisera were counted to assess apoptotic and regenerative processes, respectively...
August 26, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549243/clinical-importance-of-cine-mri-assessment-of-small-bowel-motility-in-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-a-retrospective-study-of-33-patients
#20
Akiko Fuyuki, Hidenori Ohkubo, Takuma Higurashi, Hiroshi Iida, Yumi Inoh, Masahiko Inamori, Atsushi Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Although chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare and extremely severe functional digestive disorder, its clinical course and severity show various patterns. We assessed small bowel peristalsis in CIPO patients using cine-MRI (video-motion MRI) and their clinical characteristics to evaluate the clinical importance of performing cine-MRI in patients with this intractable disease. METHODS: The medical records of 131 patients referred to our institution with a suspected diagnosis of CIPO between 2010 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
May 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
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