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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641228/relationships-between-past-and-present-pesticide-applications-and-pollution-at-a-watershed-outlet-the-case-of-a-horticultural-catchment-in-martinique-french-west-indies
#1
Charles Mottes, Magalie Lesueur Jannoyer, Marianne Le Bail, Mathilde Guéné, Céline Carles, Eric Malézieux
The understanding of factors affecting pesticide transfers to catchment outlet is still at a very early stage in tropical context, and especially on tropical volcanic context. We performed on-farm pesticide use surveys during 87 weeks and monitored pesticides in water weekly during 67 weeks at the outlet of a small catchment in Martinique. We identified three types of pollution. First, we showed long-term chronic pollution by chlordecone, diuron and metolachlor resulting from horticultural practices applied 5-20 years ago (quantification frequency higher than 80%)...
June 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611254/patterns-of-genetic-structure-and-linkage-disequilibrium-in-a-large-collection-of-pea-germplasm
#2
Mathieu Siol, Françoise Jacquin, Marianne Chabert-Martinello, Petr Smýkal, Marie-Christine Le Paslier, Grégoire Aubert, Judith Burstin
Pea (Pisum sativum, L.) is a major pulse crop used both for animal and human alimentation. Owing to its association with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, it is also a valuable component for low-input cropping systems. To evaluate the genetic diversity and the scale of linkage disequilibrium (LD) decay in pea, we genotyped a collection of 917 accessions gathering elite cultivars, landraces and wild relatives using an array of ~13,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). Genetic diversity is broadly distributed across three groups corresponding to wild/landraces peas, winter types and spring types...
June 13, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590896/social-representation-of-loud-music-in-young-adults-a-cross-cultural-study
#3
Vinaya Manchaiah, Fei Zhao, Stephen Widen, Jasmin Auzenne, Eldré W Beukes, Tayebeh Ahmadi, David Tomé, Deepthi Mahadeva, Rajalakshmi Krishna, Per Germundsson
BACKGROUND: Exposure to recreational noise, particularly music exposure, is considered one of the biggest public health hazards of our time. Some important influencing factors such as socioeconomic status, educational background, and cross-cultural perspectives have previously been found to be associated with attitudes toward loud music and the use of hearing protection. Although culture seems to play an important role, there is relatively little known about how it influences perceptions regarding loud music exposure in young adults...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545102/effect-of-dietary-restriction-and-subsequent-re-alimentation-on-the-transcriptional-profile-of-bovine-ruminal-epithelium
#4
Kate Keogh, Sinead M Waters, Paul Cormican, Alan K Kelly, Emma O'Shea, David A Kenny
Compensatory growth (CG) is utilised worldwide in beef production systems as a management approach to reduce feed costs. However the underlying biology regulating the expression of CG remains to be fully elucidated. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of dietary restriction and subsequent re-alimentation induced CG on the global gene expression profile of ruminal epithelial papillae. Holstein Friesian bulls (n = 60) were assigned to one of two groups: restricted feed allowance (RES; n = 30) for 125 days (Period 1) followed by ad libitum access to feed for 55 days (Period 2) or (ii) ad libitum access to feed throughout (ADLIB; n = 30)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535591/effect-of-water-stage-and-tree-stand-composition-on-spatiotemporal-differentiation-of-spring-water-chemistry-draining-carpathian-flysch-slopes-gorce-mts
#5
Michał Jasik, Stanisław Małek, Mirosław Żelazny
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting spring water chemistry in different tree stands and to measure the influence of water stage on the physicochemical parameters of spring waters in a small Carpathian catchment. Water samples were collected three times per year at various stages of the water: after the spring thaw, after a period of heavy rain and after a dry period in 2011 and 2012. Water samples were left in the laboratory to reach room temperature (19-20°C) and analyzed for EC (reference T=25°C) and pH...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481841/a-system-wide-enhanced-recovery-program-focusing-on-two-key-process-steps-reduces-complications-and-readmissions-in-patients-undergoing-bowel-surgery
#6
Terrence J Loftus, Susan Stelton, Brett W Efaw, Joshua Bloomstone
Enhanced recovery programs (ERPs) can improve outcomes following bowel surgery, but implementing an ERP across a large healthcare system remains challenging. In this study, a simplified ERP that focused on two process steps, early and frequent ambulation and early alimentation, was evaluated to determine its impact on outcomes. Data were collected on 5,000 adult patients undergoing elective small and large bowel operations over a 3-year period. Complication, readmission, and mortality rates were evaluated before and after ERP implementation...
May 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479733/medicinal-plants-used-by-traditional-healers-in-jordan-the-tafila-region
#7
Abeer Abdelhalim, Talal Aburjai, Jane Hanrahan, Heba Abdel-Halim
BACKGROUND: The reporting of the medicinal plants and their traditional uses is important in order to prevent this knowledge from being lost. The aims of this study were to collect information concerning the traditional use of medicinal plants in the region of Tafila; identify the most important medicinal plants; determine the relative importance of the species surveyed; and calculate the informant consensus factor (Fic) in relation to medicinal plant use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on the traditional medicinal uses of local plants were collected using qualitative tools...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454800/rationale-and-design-of-family-based-approach-in-a-minority-community-integrating-systems-biology-for-promotion-of-health-familia
#8
Sameer Bansilal, Rajesh Vedanthan, Jason C Kovacic, Ana Victoria Soto, Jacqueline Latina, Johan L M Björkegren, Risa Jaslow, Maribel Santana, Samantha Sartori, Chiara Giannarelli, Venkatesh Mani, Roger Hajjar, Eric Schadt, Andrew Kasarskis, Zahi A Fayad, Valentin Fuster
BACKGROUND: The 2020 American Heart Association Impact Goal aims to improve cardiovascular health of all Americans by 20% while reducing deaths from cardiovascular disease and stroke by 20%. A large step toward this goal would be to better understand and take advantage of the significant intersection between behavior and biology across the entire life-span. In the proposed FAMILIA studies, we aim to directly address this major knowledge and clinical health gap by implementing an integrated family-centric health promotion intervention and focusing on the intersection of environment and behavior, while understanding the genetic and biologic basis of cardiovascular disease...
May 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431170/early-total-enteral-feeding-in-stable-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-before-and-after-study
#9
Sushma Nangia, Amit Bishnoi, Ankita Goel, Piali Mandal, Soumya Tiwari, Arvind Saili
Background: Fear of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has perpetuated delayed initiation and slow advancement of enteral feeding in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with inherent risks of parenteral alimentation. The objective of this study was to assess effect of early total enteral feeding (ETEF) on day of achievement of full enteral feeds, feed intolerance, NEC and sepsis. Methods: In total, 208 stable VLBW neonates (28-34 weeks) admitted during 6 month periods of three consecutive years were enrolled...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394304/the-diet-and-haemodialysis-dyad-three-eras-four-open-questions-and-four-paradoxes-a-narrative-review-towards-a-personalized-patient-centered-approach
#10
REVIEW
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Maria Rita Moio, Antioco Fois, Andreea Sofronie, Lurlinys Gendrot, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Claudia D'Alessandro, Adamasco Cupisti
The history of dialysis and diet can be viewed as a series of battles waged against potential threats to patients' lives. In the early years of dialysis, potassium was identified as "the killer", and the lists patients were given of forbidden foods included most plant-derived nourishment. As soon as dialysis became more efficient and survival increased, hyperphosphatemia, was identified as the enemy, generating an even longer list of banned aliments. Conversely, the "third era" finds us combating protein-energy wasting...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380145/-representation-of-self-care-of-health-at-work-among-urban-bus-drivers-in-guadalajara-mexico
#11
Mercedes Gabriela Orozco-Solis, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, María de Lourdes Preciado-Serrano, Mario Ángel-González, Julio César Vázquez-Colunga, Bertha Alicia Colunga-Rodríguez
This study aimed to analyze the social representations of health self-care at work among urban bus drivers in Guadalajara, Mexico. The methodology was qualitative, with a multi-method design based on the theory of social representations. The first stage involved active observation sessions with the information recorded in field notes; in the second stage, the associative letter technique and successively hierarchized trees technique were applied to 20 drivers, submitting the data to a classical analysis of the free associations; a third stage involved semi-structured interviews with 4 drivers, submitted to content analysis...
April 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300048/cardiovascular-responses-to-millet-pounding-activity-among-women-in-a-rural-community-in-northeastern-nigeria
#12
Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi, Fati Jajimaji, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Abdul-Hameed A Jabbo
BACKGROUND: Pounding food items in a wooden mortal is a common home chore in many communities in African and Asian countries. However, no empirical data exist on energy expenditure during this activity, and whether the activity can be considered a light, moderate, or vigorous intensity physical activity is unknown. PURPOSE: This study was aimed at gaining insights into energy expenditure during millet pounding through cardiovascular responses to millet pounding activity, and to explore possible differences in response between women who pound millet as their occupation (habitual millet pounders) and those who pound millet only for their own home cooking but not as a job (nonhabitual pounders)...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177326/supracricoid-laryngectomy-for-recurrent-laryngeal-cancer-after-chemoradiotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
C A Leone, P Capasso, D Topazio, G Russo
Residual or recurrent laryngeal cancer after irradiation is a difficult clinical problem with a rate that ranges from 13% to 36% of cases. Supracricoid laryngectomy (SCL) with cricohyoidopexy (CHP) or cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) provide reliable oncological and functional results for selected primary and recurrent patients with glottic and supraglottic carcinomas. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the oncological and functional outcomes of patients treated with open partial horizontal laryngectomy types IIa and IIb (CHEP, CHP) in terms of the recurrence of squamocellular cancer of the larynx after radiotherapy failure...
December 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#14
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122160/physicochemical-properties-antioxidant-and-anti-proliferative-capacities-of-dried-leaf-and-its-extract-from-xao-tam-phan-paramignya-trimera
#15
Van Tang Nguyen, Jennette A Sakoff, Christopher J Scarlett
Xao tam phan (Paramignya trimera) has been used for the treatment of cancer and cancer-like aliments. Among different parts of the P. trimera plant, leaf is considered as a residual part after harvesting of the root. This study aimed to determine the physiochemical properties and the antioxidant and anti-proliferative capacities of P. trimera leaf (PTL) using microwave drying for the preparation of dry sample; MeOH and microwave-assisted extraction for the preparation of crude extract; and freeze-drying for the preparation of powdered extract...
January 25, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116591/prism-a-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-accurately-measures-symptom-change-in-refractory-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#16
Garth Fuller, Roger Bolus, Cynthia Whitman, Jennifer Talley, M Haim Erder, Alain Joseph, Debra G Silberg, Brennan Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Most patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) experience relief following treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) (Vakil et al. in Am J Gastroenterol 101:1900-1920, 2006; Everhart and Ruhl in Gastroenterology 136:376-386, 2009). As many as 17-44% of patients, however, exhibit only partial response to therapy. Most extant GERD patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments fail to meet development best practices as described by the FDA (Talley and Wiklund in Qual Life Res 14:21-33, 2005; Van Pinxteren et al...
March 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027573/defects-in-myosin-vb-are-associated-with-a-spectrum-of-previously-undiagnosed-low-%C3%AE-glutamyltransferase-cholestasis
#17
Yi-Ling Qiu, Jing-Yu Gong, Jia-Yan Feng, Ren-Xue Wang, Jun Han, Teng Liu, Yi Lu, Li-Ting Li, Mei-Hong Zhang, Jonathan A Sheps, Neng-Li Wang, Yan-Yan Yan, Jia-Qi Li, Lian Chen, Christoph H Borchers, Bence Sipos, A S Knisely, Victor Ling, Qing-He Xing, Jian-She Wang
Hereditary cholestasis in childhood and infancy with normal serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity is linked to several genes. Many patients, however, remain genetically undiagnosed. Defects in myosin VB (MYO5B; encoded by MYO5B) cause microvillus inclusion disease (MVID; MIM251850) with recurrent watery diarrhea. Cholestasis, reported as an atypical presentation in MVID, has been considered a side effect of parenteral alimentation. Here, however, we report on 10 patients who experienced cholestasis associated with biallelic, or suspected biallelic, mutations in MYO5B and who had neither recurrent diarrhea nor received parenteral alimentation...
May 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002520/clinical-immunological-and-pathological-profile-of-infants-suffering-from-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy
#18
Elena Tătăranu, Smaranda Diaconescu, Camelia Geanina Ivănescu, Ioan Sârbu, Maria Stamatin
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most frequently encountered form of food allergy in pediatric patients and occurs secondary to cow's milk proteins (CMP) ingestion. The aim of this study is to define the profile of children suffering from CMPA and to describe the associated pathological findings. The authors performed a retrospective case-control study on 160 infants that presented with CMPA symptoms at "Sf. Maria" Emergency Clinical Hospital for Children, Iassy, Romania, between January 2013 and January 2015...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981459/taste-enjoyment-and-desire-of-flavors-change-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-short-term-results
#19
Michele A Janse Van Vuuren, Esben Strodl, Katherine M White, Philip David Lockie
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) incidence continues to increase worldwide because of its efficacy and low surgical risks. This study aimed to investigate satisfaction with eating and the change in taste perception, desire, and enjoyment of flavor changes and associations with extent of percentage excess weight loss (%excess weight loss (EWL)) post-LSG. METHODS: One hundred six participants completed an online questionnaire 4 to 6 weeks as well as 6 to 8 months post-LSG bariatric surgery...
June 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975019/usefulness-of-the-clavien-dindo-classification-in-understanding-the-limitations-and-indications-of-larynx-preserving-esophageal-reconstruction
#20
Hiroki Umezawa, Junichi Nakao, Takeshi Matsutani, Hiroaki Kuwahara, Marie Taga, Rei Ogawa
BACKGROUND: The Clavien-Dindo (CD) classification is used to evaluate the severity of surgical complications. However, its usefulness in esophageal reconstruction has not been reported. To address this, this case series study used the CD classification to evaluate the complications after cervical esophageal reconstruction with free jejunum transfer or supercharged pedicled intestinal transfer. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent esophageal cancer surgery with larynx-preserving free jejunum or pedicled ileocolic transfer in June 2012-December 2015 were identified...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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