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P F Hemou, H D Sama, P Tchétikè, T Potkar
Le crush syndrome se définit comme l'ensemble des manifestations locales et générales secondaires à une rhabdomyolyse traumatique avec ischémie de grosses masses musculaires par compression prolongée, à l'origine d'un syndrome compartimental ou syndrome des loges. Rarement isolé, il peut passer inaperçu dans les 24 à 48 premières heures de la phase aiguë d'un traumatisme sévère quand les principales préoccupations médicales sont la sauvegarde des fonctions vitales. La souffrance musculaire liée au syndrome compartimental entraîne la libération de myoglobine dans la circulation générale...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Shailima Rampogu, Mary Rampogu Lemuel
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major metabolic disorders that is currently threatening the world. DM is seen associated with obesity and diabetic retinopathy (DR). In the present paper we tried to evaluate the relationship between the three aliments at the gene level and further performed the molecular docking to identify the common drug for all the three diseases. We have adopted several software programs such as Phenopedia, VennViewer, and CDOCKER to accomplish the objective. Our results revealed six genes that commonly associated and are involved in the signalling pathway...
2016: BioMed Research International
M M Hernández Ruiz de Eguilaz, M A Batlle, B Martínez de Morentin, R San-Cristóbal, S Pérez-Díez, S Navas-Carretero, J A Martínez
A high caloric intake in today's nutrition and a sedentary lifestyle are the main causes of the notable increase in obesity in our society. In turn, this results in an increase in associated pathologies, such as metabolic syndrome and diabetes type 2. In the present work we review most recent studies and programs, which are significant due to their sample size and geographical diversity. It clearly shows that changes in alimentation and lifestyles are an effective instrument for combatting or delaying the onset of these diseases...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
G Radaelli, A Piccirillo, M Birolo, D Bertotto, F Gratta, C Ballarin, M Vascellari, G Xiccato, A Trocino
To evaluate muscle fiber degeneration (MFD) associated with white striping and wooden breast, pectoralis major of 192 broilers differing for genotype (standard vs. high breast yield), gender, and feeding regime (ad libitum vs. restricted rate 80% from 13 to 21 d of age) were sampled at 14, 21, 28, 35, and 46 d of age for histological analyses by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining to evaluate tissue morphology, Masson's trichrome to identify collagen presence, and Oil red and Nile blue for lipid presence. Microvessels (diameter ≤15 μm), nuclei positive to anti-cleaved lamin A and monoclonal proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) antisera were counted to assess apoptotic and regenerative processes, respectively...
August 26, 2016: Poultry Science
Akiko Fuyuki, Hidenori Ohkubo, Takuma Higurashi, Hiroshi Iida, Yumi Inoh, Masahiko Inamori, Atsushi Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Although chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare and extremely severe functional digestive disorder, its clinical course and severity show various patterns. We assessed small bowel peristalsis in CIPO patients using cine-MRI (video-motion MRI) and their clinical characteristics to evaluate the clinical importance of performing cine-MRI in patients with this intractable disease. METHODS: The medical records of 131 patients referred to our institution with a suspected diagnosis of CIPO between 2010 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Mototaka Niwano
AIM: The Nutrition Support Team (NST) assessed the severity of dysphagia in elderly patients admitted to the internal medical department, and the appropriate nutritional treatment was determined. Patients were treated with either oral nutrition (enteral nutrition, EN) or artificial alimentation (parenteral nutrition, PN). The goal of this study was to analyze whether or not the route of nutrition affected the patient discharge rates. METHODS: We divided 290 elderly inpatients with dysphagia into 2 groups, the pneumonia group (200 patients) and the non-pneumonia group (90 patients)...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
James A Dickinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Karen van Hoeve, Ilse Hoffman, Fabio Fusaro, Jacques Pirenne, Ann Vander Auwera, Anne-Marie Dieltjens, Gert De Hertogh, Diethard Monbaliu, Marc Miserez
BACKGROUND: Microvillus inclusion disease (MVID) is a known congenital cause of intractable diarrhea resulting in permanent intestinal failure. There is need for a lifelong total parenteral nutrition (TPN) from diagnosis and the prognosis is poor. Most patients die by the second decade of life as a result of complications of parenteral alimentation including liver failure or sepsis. The only available treatment at this moment is a small bowel transplantation. But before that moment, the patients often suffer from a persistent failure to thrive and electrolyte disturbances despite continuous TPN...
August 1, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Dusica Maysinger, Issan Zhang
Microglia are the essential responders to alimentary, pharmacological, and nanotechnological immunomodulators. These neural cells play multiple roles as surveyors, sculptors, and guardians of essential parts of complex neural circuitries. Microglia can play dual roles in the central nervous system; they can be deleterious and/or protective. The immunomodulatory effects of alimentary components, gut microbiota, and nanotechnological products have been investigated in microglia at the single-cell level and in vivo using intravital imaging approaches, and different biochemical assays...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Sergio Gentilli, Alberto Oldani, Manuela Zanni, Erika Ferreri, Alfonso Terrone, Guido Valente, Pietro Occhipinti
AIM: Gastro-splenic fistula is a rare entity in which malignant tumors are the primary cause, followed by perforated peptic ulcers and Crohn's disease. CASE REPORT: A 66 years old patient undergoing chemotherapy for gastric large cells B lymphoma presented fever, fatigue and worsening of general conditions. A CT scan showed the presence of an abdominal abscess resulting from a pathological communication between stomach and spleen. RESULTS: En - bloc splenectomy and gastric wedge resection was performed; gastric wall was sutured with a linear stapler...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Michael S Putman, Hyo Jung Tak, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
OBJECTIVES: Physician recommendations for further medical treatment or palliative treatment only at the end of life may influence patient decisions. Little is known about the patient characteristics that affect physician-assessed quality of life or how such assessments are related to subsequent recommendations. DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS: A 2010 mailed survey of practicing U.S. physicians (1,156/1,878 or 62% of eligible physicians responded). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Measures included an end of life vignette with five experimentally varied patient characteristics: setting, alimentation, pain, cognition, and communication...
November 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Alexander Reinisch, Juliane Liese, Guido Woeste, Wolf Bechstein, Nils Habbe
Enteroatmospheric fistulas (EAFs) represent a challenging problem in patients with an open abdomen (OA). A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted to evaluate the effects of enteral alimentation on wound status and management and nutrition. All patients with an EAF in an OA treated between October 2012 and December 2014 at a university hospital in Germany were included without criteria for exclusions. Demographic and morbidity-related data collected included age, gender, surgeries, OA grading, body mass index (BMI), serum albumin, and serum creatinin...
July 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
Steven B Leder, Debra M Suiter, George O Agogo, Leo M Cooney
United States census data project dramatic increases in the geriatric population ageing demographics by 2060 with concomitant health-care consequences. The purpose of this replication and continuation study was to collect new 2014 demographic data relative to ageing, swallow evaluation referral rates, and oral feeding status in geriatric-hospitalized patients for comparison with published data from 2000 to 2007. This was a planned data acquisition study of consecutive hospitalized patients referred for swallow assessments...
October 2016: Dysphagia
Ürfettin Hüseyinoğlu, Kahraman Ülker
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and outcomes of preoperative prophylactic metoclopramide and dimenhydrinate use in elective cesarean births. METHODS: Participants (n = 84) scheduled for elective cesarean births were randomized equally into placebo (10 cc 0.9 % NaCl), 10-mg metoclopramide or 50-mg dimenhydrinate groups. Oral alimentation was prohibited 8 h before the surgery; however, patients continued drinking water until 4 h before surgery...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Vahid Shaygannejad, Nooshin Rezaie, Zamzam Paknahad, Freshteh Ashtari, Helia Maghzi
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating and degenerating disease which involves central nervous system. Environmental risk factors have a key role in MS susceptibility. Here we aim to investigate different risk factors effect on MS susceptibility in a large population of MS patients in Isfahan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional hospital-based study, which was conducted on a large group of MS patients registered in Kashani hospital and a control group from normal healthy population...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Deborah L O'Connor, Jennifer Blake, Rhonda Bell, Angela Bowen, Jeannie Callum, Shanna Fenton, Katherine Gray-Donald, Melissa Rossiter, Kristi Adamo, Kendra Brett, Nasreen Khatri, Nicole Robinson, Lindsay Tumback, Anthony Cheung
OBJECTIFS: Doter les professionnels de la santé du Canada de connaissances et d'outils de base, afin qu'ils puissent prodiguer des conseils nutritionnels aux femmes tout au long de leur cycle de vie. RéSULTATS: L'alimentation optimale a fait l'objet d'une évaluation tout au long du cycle de vie de la femme. Elle a porté en particulier sur l'adolescence, la préconception, la grossesse, la période post-partum, la ménopause et au-delà. Le présent guide fournit d'abord des directives abrégées à l'intention de toutes les femmes...
June 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Jennifer Blake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Onur Atali, Gokhan Gocmen, Sertac Aktop, Esin Ak, Selcuk Basa, Sule Cetinel
PURPOSE: To compare bone healing in mandibular vertical body osteotomies (MVBO) after fixation with a resorbable 2.0mm-profile fixation system in the first and third postoperative months in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty hemimandibles of ten rabbits were divided into two groups according to duration of resorbable fixation-one or three months. The MVBOs were performed and one four-hole, resorbable, 2.0mm mini-plate fixation system was used on each side. The computed tomography (CT) scans, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and histomorphometric outcomes of groups I and II were compared...
June 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Julio César López-Valdés, Rocío Escarcega-Servín
UNLABELLED: Nowadays appendicitis is the leading cause of acute surgical abdomen. It occurs mainly between the first and third decade of life and is very rare in the neonatal period. The pathophysiology and clinical manifestations differ from the typical signs and symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose, which is in mostly cases at the time of surgery, and 74% of them appear with perforation and peritonitis. During the first day there were no complications; however, antibiotic therapy was initiated due to the risk of sepsis...
May 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Toshiaki Shichinohe, Takeshi Sasaki, Shuji Kitashiro, Takayuki Morita, Koichi Ono, Naoto Senmaru, Junichi Ikeda, Tetsufumi Kojima, Noriaki Kyogoku, Hidehisa Yamada, Nagato Sato, Kentaro Kato, Soichi Murakami, Yuma Ebihara, Yo Kurashima, Eiji Tamoto, Takehiro Noji, Toru Nakamura, Keisuke Okamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Satoshi Hirano
PURPOSE: An amino acid-containing elemental diet (ED) does not require digestion for nutritional absorption, making it a good option for patients with gastrointestinal malabsorption. We conducted a randomized trial to confirm that perioperative ED enhanced the recovery of patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy. METHODS: Patients in the intervention arm received commercially available ED from the day prior to surgery until postoperative day (POD) 3, whereas patients in the control group received a conventional perioperative diet program...
June 21, 2016: Surgery Today
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