keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gingiva

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226083/effects-of-o-methylated-epigallocatechin-gallate-egcg-on-lps-induced-osteoclastogenesis-bone-resorption-and-alveolar-bone-loss-in-mice
#1
Tsukasa Tominari, Ryota Ichimaru, Shosei Yoshinouchi, Chiho Matsumoto, Kenta Watanabe, Michiko Hirata, Florian M W Grundler, Masaki Inada, Chisato Miyaura
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), present in green tea, exhibits antioxidant and antiallergy effects. EGCG3″Me, a 3-O-methylated derivative of EGCG, has been reported to show similar biological functions; the inhibitory activity of EGCG3″Me in a mouse allergy model was more potent than that of EGCG, probably due to the efficiency of absorption from the intestine. However, the functional potency of these EGCGs is controversial in each disease model. We previously observed that EGCG suppressed inflammatory bone resorption and prevented alveolar bone loss in a mouse model of periodontosis...
December 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221795/comparison-of-local-anesthetic-efficiency-of-tramadol-hydrochloride-and-lidocaine-hydrochloride
#2
Bilal Ege, Metin Calisir, Yahya Al-Haideri, Miray Ege, Metin Gungormus
PURPOSE: This study investigated the local anesthetic efficiency of tramadol versus lidocaine hydrochloride in maxillary infiltration anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized double-blinded study involving 50 healthy volunteers. In the experimental part of this study, each volunteer received 1 buccal 0.5-mL injection of tramadol hydrochloride 25 mg on one side and 1 buccal 0.5-mL injection of vasoconstrictor-free lidocaine hydrochloride 20 mg on the other side...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207831/comparison-of-gingival-biotype-between-different-genders-based-on-measurement-of-dentopapillary-complex
#3
Aniruddha Joshi, Girish Suragimath, Sameer Anil Zope, S R Ashwinirani, Siddhartha A Varma
Introduction: Clinical and aesthetic outcomes after periodontal or implant surgical procedures are determined by anatomical and morphological characteristics of the gingiva like width of keratinized gingiva, thickness of gingiva and alveolar bone. Therefore, the knowledge of gingival biotype plays an important role in modifying the dental therapeutic procedures for the desired outcome and predictability. Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess and compare the gingival biotype among genders by clinical, photographic and radiographic parameters...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206324/ahns-series-do-you-know-your-guidelines-evidence-based-management-of-oral-cavity-cancers
#4
Amarbir Gill, Nilesh Vasan, Babak Givi, Arjun Joshi
Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) is the most common nonmelanoma head and neck cancer in the world, with an estimated 405 000 new cases expected each year. Subsites of the oral cavity include the alveolar ridge, buccal mucosa, anterior tongue, tonsillar pillar, retromolar trigone, hard palate, gingiva, and floor of the mouth. In this issue of the AHNS "Do you know your guidelines?" series, we review the evidence-based approach to the management of oral cavity carcinomas based on the framework provided by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology...
December 5, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202671/natural-lymphatic-atypical-actinobacillosis-in-cattle-caused-by-actinobacillus-lignieresii
#5
Rubén D Caffarena, Ana Rabaza, Laura Casaux, Melissa Macías Rioseco, Carlos O Schild, Cecilia Monesiglio, Martín Fraga, Federico Giannitti, Franklin Riet-Correa
Bovine actinobacillosis is typically characterized by pyogranulomatous glossitis (wooden tongue). The involvement of other tissues, generally the skin or lymph nodes, has been regarded as atypical or cutaneous. We describe herein 2 outbreaks of actinobacillosis affecting primarily the lymph nodes of the head and neck. The disease affected 40 of 540 lactating cows in a dairy herd and 5 of 335 two-y-old steers in a beef herd. Multiple or single, occasionally ulcerated nodules were observed in the region of the mandible, neck, and shoulder, including the parotid, submandibular, retropharyngeal, and prescapular lymph nodes...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195813/clinical-pathologic-conference-diffuse-papillomatous-lesions-of-the-gingiva-with-posterolateral-neck-skin-tags
#6
Susie I Lin, Joseph R Mort, Paul M Hinchey, James S Lewis, Jeffrey Zwerner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195664/-actinomycosis-revealed-by-ulceration-of-the-palate-and-gingiva
#7
F Dessirier, J-P Arnault, J Denamps, H Sevestre, C Attencourt, C Lok
BACKGROUND: Actinomycosis is a chronic and extensive granulomatous, bacterial infection. Revelation by oral ulceration is rare. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 76-year-old patient with diabetes was treated with dabrafenib for stage IV melanoma. A follow-up visit revealed two ulcerated, infiltrated and hyperalgesic lesions of the palate and gingiva. There were no associated signs. The laboratory findings were normal. The possibility of squamous cell carcinoma occurring with BRAF inhibitors was discussed, despite the rarity of such cases in the literature...
November 28, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192292/association-between-central-papilla-recession-and-gingival-and-interdental-smile-line
#8
Abhay P Kolte, Rajashri A Kolte, Anshuka A Agrawal, Tushar Shrirao, Kamal Mankar
OBJECTIVE: Interdental soft tissues play a critical role in pink esthetics. The presence and preservation of the interdental papillae in the esthetic zone is as crucial as the shape and contour of the anterior teeth in achieving an esthetically pleasing smile. The present study determines the association of central papilla recession with gingival and interdental smile line in periodontally healthy patients of different age groups. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The present study included 200 patients equally divided into 21 to 40 years and 41 to 60 years age groups...
November 30, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187175/standards-for-permanent-tooth-emergence-in-czech-children
#9
Romana Šindelářová, Lucie Žáková, Zdeněk Broukal
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to develop a population-specific reference for permanent tooth emergence among 4-15 years old Czech Republic children. The reference derived from this sample population are essential for pediatric dental diagnostics, orthodontic treatment planning, as well as anthropological and forensic applications. METHODS: In this cross-sectional epidemiological survey, dental examinations of 1,370 Czech children (696 girls (50,8%) and 674 boys (49,2%), whose parents or legal guardians all signed informed consent forms) from 11 elementary schools and kindergartens were performed in the classroom...
November 29, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184853/porphyromonas-gingivalis-derived-lipopolysaccharide-combines-hypoxia-to-induce-caspase-1-activation-in-periodontitis
#10
Ran Cheng, Wen Liu, Rui Zhang, Yuchao Feng, Neil A Bhowmick, Tao Hu
Periodontitis is defined as inflammation affecting the supporting tissue of teeth. Periodontal pathogens initiate the disease and induce inflammatory host response. Hypoxia may accelerate the process by producing pro-inflammatory factors. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) LPS in inducing caspase-1 activation in normoxic or hypoxic phases. The results showed that healthy gingiva was in a normoxic phase (HIF-1α negative)...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183344/oral-verruciform-xanthoma-and-erythroplakia-associated-with-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Giorgia Capocasale, Vera Panzarella, Pietro Tozzo, Rodolfo Mauceri, Vito Rodolico, Dorina Lauritano, Giuseppina Campisi
BACKGROUND: Oral verruciform xanthoma is an uncommon benign lesion. Although oral verruciform xanthoma occurs in healthy individuals, it has been also reported in association with some inflammatory conditions. The aim of this study is to report a case of oral verruciform xanthoma associated with chronic graft-versus-host disease and to review the literature on this topic. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old Caucasian male presented to the Sector of Oral Medicine "V...
November 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183323/cervical-metastasis-of-gingival-carcinoma-misdiagnosed-as-branchiogenic-carcinoma-a-rare-entity-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#12
Qingjia Sun, Mingxing Chen, Yuxin Sun, Xi Chen, Hongjun Xu, Lingjun Rong, Qiong Wu, Dongdong Zhu
BACKGROUND: A cervical cystic mass is associated with a number of pathologies that present with similar symptoms. These conditions are difficult to differentiate using fine-needle aspiration (FNA), ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Another dilemma in the differential diagnosis of cervical cystic masses is due to the controversies associated with the existence of branchiogenic carcinoma (BC). BC is an extremely rare disease that must be differentiated from other conditions presenting with cervical cystic masses, especially cystic metastasis from occult primary lesions...
November 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169626/intra-oral-sebaceous-gland-tumours-in-two-dogs
#13
D-M Go, S-H Lee, S-H Woo, D-Y Kim
A 12-year-old female miniature schnauzer and a 12-year-old neutered female cocker spaniel each had a grey-yellow nodular lesion arising from the gingiva. Microscopical examination showed that both nodules were composed of varied proportions of sebocytes and basal-type reserve cells with few ducts lined by stratified squamous epithelium. Based on the histopathological findings, the cases were diagnosed as sebaceous adenoma and sebaceous epithelioma, respectively. In man, the occurrence of sebaceous neoplasms in the oral cavity has been reported to some extent, but these lesions are very rare in animals...
November 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166809/the-relationship-of-obesity-to-the-timing-of-permanent-tooth-emergence-in-czech-children
#14
Romana Šindelářová, Petr Soukup, Zdeněk Broukal
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of BMI on the timing of permanent tooth emergence in Czech children. OBJECTIVES: In this cross-sectional study, 1370 Czech children were examined. The age, gender, weight, height, all emerged permanent teeth (except third molars) of each child were all recorded. A tooth is defined as having emerged when at least any part of it has penetrated the gingiva. METHODS: A logistic regression model was used to calculate the median emergence age per tooth for both genders separately and BMI was used as a factor variable to detect statistically significant differences in the times of tooth emergence within pairs of BMI groups...
November 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166538/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-associated-with-conventional-endodontic-treatment-a-clinical-and-molecular-microbiological-study
#15
Caroline C da Silva, Sérgio P Chaves Júnior, Gabriela L D Pereira, Karla B F C da Fontes, Lívia A A Antunes, Helvécio C C Póvoa, Leonardo S Antunes, Natalia L P Póvoa Iorio
This study evaluated antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) as an adjunct to endodontic treatment. Ten uniradicular teeth (control group (CG)= 4 (2 and test group (TG)= 6) with primary endodontic infections, from both genders, between 17 and 65 years old, were analyzed. Microbiological samples were collected before and after chemical-mechanical instrumentation (CMI), after aPDT (for the TG), and after the removal of the temporary restorations (second session). In TG, the aPDT was performed with 100 μg/mL methylene blue and irradiated with low power laser (InGaAIP, 660 nm; 100 mW; 40 sec) with a fiber-coupled optical laser...
November 22, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164473/clinicopathological-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-head-and-neck-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-from-latin-america
#16
Natália Rocha Bedran, Román Carlos, Bruno Augusto Benevenuto de Andrade, Ana Paula Silva Bueno, Mário José Romañach, Cristiane Bedran Milito
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplastic proliferation with variable clinical behavior caused by the accumulation of CD1a(+)/CD207(+) histiocytes, associated with a variable number of eosinophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells and multinucleated giant cells, most commonly observed in male children. LCH is uncommon in the head and neck region, occurring as ulcerated and reddened plaques or nodules that cause destruction of adjacent soft tissues and bone. The exact etiology of LCH is still unknown and controversial, with possible etiologic role of viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)...
November 21, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160349/average-interradicular-sites-for-miniscrew-insertion-should-dental-crowding-be-considered
#17
Michele Tepedino, Paolo M Cattaneo, Francesco Masedu, Claudio Chimenti
OBJECTIVE: To define a map of interradicular spaces where miniscrew can be likely placed at a level covered by attached gingiva, and to assess if a correlation between crowding and availability of space exists. METHODS: Panoramic radiographs and digital models of 40 patients were selected according to the inclusion criteria. Interradicular spaces were measured on panoramic radiographs, while tooth size-arch length discrepancy was assessed on digital models. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate if interradicular spaces are influenced by the presence of crowding...
September 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156176/management-of-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-devices-requiring-teeth-extraction-is-halting-anticoagulation-appropriate
#18
Visakha Suresh, Muath Bishawi, Michael W Manning, Chetan Patel, Joseph Rogers, Carmelo Milano, Jacob Schroder, Mani Daneshmand, David Powers
PURPOSE: An increasing number of patients with end-stage heart failure are supported with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation and must be maintained on a consistent anticoagulation regimen. Pre-emptive extraction of carious teeth in these patients is necessary to prevent seeding of the implanted device and endocarditis. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate bleeding complications after minor oral surgery, specifically teeth extractions, in this unique patient population requiring long-term anticoagulation...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154818/microrna-21-promotes-wound-healing-via-the-smad7-smad2-3-elastin-pathway
#19
Xiaoyan Li, Lijia Guo, Yitong Liu, Yingying Su, Yongmei Xie, Juan Du, Songling Wang, Hao Wang, Yi Liu
Wound healing is regulated by a complex network of cells, molecules, and cytokines, as well as microRNAs (miRNAs). miRNAs were confirmed to influence the wound healing process, and miR-21, an important member of the miRNA family, was also shown to regulate wound healing. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR-21 in the wound healing process and the possible underlying cell signaling pathways. We isolated GMSCs from WT and miR-21-KO mouse gingiva. Flow cytometric analysis and immunocytofluorescense staining were used to identify the GMSCs acquired from WT and miR-21-KO mice...
November 14, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153538/oral-paracoccidioidomycosis-in-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis-from-a-brazilian-southeastern-population
#20
Laís Moreira Dutra, Thiago Humberto Mendonça Silva, Aloísio Falqueto, Paulo Mendes Peçanha, Lucia Renata Meireles Souza, Sarah Santos Gonçalves, Tânia Regina Grão Velloso
BACKGROUND: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is the most prevalent endemic systemic fungal infection in Latin America. In Brazil, it stands out as the eighth-highest cause of mortality among chronic or recurrent infections and has the highest mortality rate among systemic mycoses. Oral mucosal lesions may be the first visible physical manifestation of the disease. This study traced the epidemiological and clinical profiles of patients with oral lesions treated at the University Hospital Cassiano Antonio Moraes, Federal University of Espirito Santo...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
keyword
keyword
7242
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"