keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cerebrovascular stroke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930181/ambient-air-pollution-and-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-short-term-exposure-assessment-in-south-china
#1
Pi Guo, Yulin Wang, Wenru Feng, Jiagang Wu, Chuanxi Fu, Hai Deng, Jun Huang, Li Wang, Murui Zheng, Huazhang Liu
Data on the association between air pollution and risk of ischemic stroke in China are still limited. This study aimed to investigate the association between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and risk of ischemic strokes in Guangzhou, the most densely-populated city in south China, using a large-scale multicenter database of stroke hospital admissions. Daily counts of ischemic stroke admissions over the study years 2013-2015 were obtained from the Guangzhou Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease Event Surveillance System...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929560/minocycline-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-inhibition-in-acute-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-pilot-study
#2
J J Chang, M Kim-Tenser, B A Emanuel, G M Jones, K Chapple, A Alikhani, N Sanossian, W J Mack, G Tsivgoulis, A V Alexandrov, T Pourmotabbed
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating cerebrovascular disorder with high morbidity and mortality. Minocycline is a matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) inhibitor that may attenuate secondary mechanisms of injury in ICH. The feasibility and safety of minocycline in ICH patients were evaluated in a pilot, double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Patients with acute onset (<12 h from symptom onset) ICH and small initial hematoma volume (<30 ml) were randomized to high-dose (10 mg/kg) intravenous minocycline or placebo...
September 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928981/association-of-neovascular-glaucoma-with-risk-of-stroke-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Cheng-Wen Su, Yue-Cune Chang, Cheng-Li Lin, Hsin-Yi Chen
Neovascular glaucoma (NVG), caused by ocular ischemia, is a serious ocular disease complicated by intractably increased intraocular pressure. Cerebrovascular accidents are classified into ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Based on the similar pathogenic mechanisms of NVG and ischemic stroke, we investigated the relationship between NVG and stroke by using a nationally representative sample. This study included 416 NVG patients and 4160 controls. Medical comorbidities were also evaluated. The cumulative incidence of ischemic stroke was 15...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928659/brain-pharmacokinetics-and-the-pharmacological-effects-on-striatal-neurotransmitter-levels-of-pueraria-lobata-isoflavonoids-in-rat
#4
Bingxin Xiao, Zengxian Sun, Fangrui Cao, Lisha Wang, Yonghong Liao, Xinmin Liu, Ruile Pan, Qi Chang
Isoflavonoids are putatively active components of Pueraria lobata and has been demonstrated prominent neuro-protection effect against cerebrovascular disorders, hypertension or Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the molecular basis for the beneficial effect of Pueraria lobata on nervous systems has not been well revealed. The present study aims to assess striatum exposure to main active isoflavonoids and changes of striatal extracellular neurotransmitters levels in rat brain after intravenous administration of Pueraria lobata isoflavonoids extracts (PLF), to further elucidate its' substantial bases for neuro activities...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928186/recombinant-human-tnk-tissue-type-plasminogen-activator-rhtnk-tpa-versus-alteplase-rt-pa-as-fibrinolytic-therapy-for-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-china-tnk-stemi-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-non-inferiority-trial
#5
Hai-Bo Wang, Ping Ji, Xing-Shan Zhao, Haiyan Xu, Xiao-Yan Yan, Qin Yang, Chen Yao, Run-Lin Gao, Yang-Feng Wu, Shu-Bin Qiao
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human TNK tissue-type plasminogen activator (rhTNK-tPA) in lowering major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in Chinese acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study is designed as a multicentre, randomised, controlled non-inferiority phase IV trial with balanced randomisation (1:1) in patients with STEMI. The planned sample size is 6200 participants (or 3100 per arm)...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923026/dementia-and-cognitive-disorder-identified-at-a-forensic-psychiatric-examination-a-study-from-sweden
#6
Anette Ekström, Marianne Kristiansson, Karin Sparring Björkstén
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed the relationship between dementia and crime. We conducted a study of persons who got a primary or secondary diagnosis of dementia or cognitive disorder in a forensic psychiatric examination. METHODS: In Sweden, annually about 500 forensic psychiatric examinations are carried out. All cases from 2008 to 2010 with the diagnoses dementia or cognitive disorder were selected from the database of the Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine...
September 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922154/atrial-fibrillation-is-independently-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-after-ischemic-stroke
#7
Russell Jude Chander, Levinia Lim, Sagarika Handa, Shaun Hiu, Angeline Choong, Xuling Lin, Rajinder Singh, Daniel Oh, Nagaendran Kandiah
BACKGROUND: While atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important risk factor for ischemic strokes and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Alzheimer's disease, the association between AF and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI), and the factors mediating this association, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of AF in PSCI, especially in relation to other markers of cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: 445 subjects with mild ischemic stroke without pre-stroke cognitive decline were assessed 3-6 months post-stroke for cognitive deficits...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921837/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-versus-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-non-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Yushu Wang, Meiqin Wen, Junteng Zhou, Yucheng Chen, Qing Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes and prognosis of revascularization by either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-insulin treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (NITDM) have not yet been well established. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified by searching Pubmed, EMBASE and Cochrane library from inception until May 2016. Heterogeneity was evaluated and the pooled hazard ratio (HR) was calculated using a fixed-effect model...
September 15, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919704/secondary-prevention-of-major-cerebrovascular-events-with-seven-different-statins-a-multi-treatment-meta-analysis
#9
Ping Zhong, Danhong Wu, Xiaofei Ye, Ying Wu, Tuming Li, Shuwen Tong, Xueyuan Liu
BACKGROUND: Statins have been recommended for the use in atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, but different statins have distinct pharmacological characteristics. This multi-treatment meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy of seven statins in the secondary prevention of major cerebrovascular events (CVEs). METHODS AND ANALYSES: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched to identify studies published between January 1, 2011, and June 30, 2016...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918088/evaluation-of-cerebrovascular-reactivity-in-subjects-with-and-without-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Clodagh M Ryan, Anne Battisti-Charbonney, Olivia Sobczyk, David J Mikulis, James Duffin, Joseph A Fisher, Lashmi Venkatraghavan
BACKGROUND: Both obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and altered cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) are associated with increased stroke risk. Nevertheless, the incidence of abnormal CVR in patients with OSA is uncertain due to the high variability in the way CVR is measured both within and between studies. We hypothesized that a standardized CVR with a consistent vasoactive stimulus and cerebral blood flow (CBF) measure would be reduced in patients with severe OSA compared with healthy controls...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917024/decreased-percentage-of-peripheral-na%C3%A3-ve-t-cells-is-independently-associated-with-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-on-hemodialysis
#11
Rongyi Chen, Jiachang Hu, Fangfang Xiang, Xiao Tan, Bo Shen, Zhonghua Liu, Wenlv Lv, Xiaoqiang Ding, Xuesen Cao, Jianzhou Zou
PURPOSE: Cerebrovascular complications, including ischemic stroke, account for poor outcomes in patients on hemodialysis. T cell responses may be involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. We aimed to evaluate the role of naïve T cells in development of ischemic stroke in patients on hemodialysis. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 156 patients on hemodialysis in our blood purification center were included. These patients were divided into the ischemic stroke (IS) group (61 cases) and non-ischemic stroke (non-IS) group (95 cases) according to a new diagnosis after initiation of hemodialysis...
September 15, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916668/procedural-requirements-and-certification-paradigms-for-stroke-care-delivery-perspective-of-neurointerventional-professional-societies
#12
Nicholas C Bambakidis, Kevin Cockroft, Yin C Hu, Joshua A Hirsch, Don Heck, Anthony J Furlan, Tudor Jovin, J D Mocco, Jonathan Pace, Adnan Siddiqui, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Gregory Zipfel, Brian Hoh, Peter Nakaji, Sean Lavine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915508/preoperative-intraaortic-balloon-pump-improves-early-outcomes-following-high-risk-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials-and-prospective-study-design
#13
Penelope P Rampersad, Jacob A Udell, Rami Zawi, Maral Ouzounian, Christopher B Overgaard, Vinoda Sharma, Vivek Rao, Michael E Farkouh, Vladimír Džavík
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use, evidence to support preemptive intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion for patients undergoing high-risk coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery remains sparse, and in need of a well-defined clinical trial. To inform the design of a prospective trial, we sought to review outcomes in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of anticipatory IABP use vs control in patients undergoing high-risk CABG through meta-analysis. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality within 30 days of surgery...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914186/viral-and-parasitic-pathogen-burden-and-the-association-with-stroke-in-a-population-based-cohort
#14
Brad D Pearce, Anna Bracher, Jeffrey L Jones, Deanna Kruszon-Moran
Background Higher cumulative burden of viral and bacterial pathogens may increase the risk of stroke, but the contribution of parasitic infections in relation to cumulative pathogen burden and risk of stroke has rarely been examined. Aim To estimate the association of multiple persistent viral and parasitic infections with stroke in a representative sample of adults in the United States. Methods Serological evidence of prior infection was categorized as positive for 0-1, 2, 3, or 4-5 infections based on immunoglobulin G seropositivity to cytomegalovirus, hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, Toxoplasma gondii, and Toxocara spp...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913687/non-atherosclerotic-vascular-disease-in-women
#15
REVIEW
Lee Joseph, Esther S H Kim
Takayasu arteritis, fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), spontaneous arterial dissection, Raynaud's phenomenon, and chilblains are vascular conditions that are associated with an increased predisposition in women and are often underdiagnosed. Takayasu arteritis has an incidence rate of 2.6 cases per million individuals per year in the USA and predominantly affects women of childbearing age. HLA-B5 genetic locus is linked with Takayasu arteritis susceptibility. Methods to determine active disease are limiting; currently utilized clinical and imaging findings and laboratory tests are of limited value for this purpose...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912716/a-meta-analysis-of-folic-acid-in-combination-with-anti-hypertension-drugs-in-patients-with-hypertension-and-hyperhomocysteinemia
#16
REVIEW
Wen-Wen Wang, Xin-Shi Wang, Zeng-Rui Zhang, Jin-Cai He, Cheng-Long Xie
Folic acid is generally used to lower homocysteine concentrations and prevent stroke and cardiovascular disease (CVD) at present. However, the efficacy of therapies that lower homocysteine concentrations in reducing the risk of CVD and stroke remains controversial. Our objective was to do a meta-analysis of relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy of folic acid supplementation among patients with hypertension and Hyperhomocysteinemia (HT/HHcy). We included RCTs examining the effects of folic acid plus antihypertensive therapy compared to antihypertensive alone...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912642/nox-inhibitors-a-promising-avenue-for-ischemic-stroke
#17
REVIEW
Jong Youl Kim, Joohyun Park, Jong Eun Lee, Midori A Yenari
NADPH-oxidase (NOX) mediated superoxide originally found on leukocytes, but now recognized in several types of cells in the brain. It has been shown to play an important role in the progression of stroke and related cerebrovascular disease. NOX is a multisubunit complex consisting of 2 membrane-associated and 4 cytosolic subunits. NOX activation occurs when cytosolic subunits translocate to the membrane, leading to transport electrons to oxygen, thus producing superoxide. Superoxide produced by NOX is thought to function in long-term potentiation and intercellular signaling, but excessive production is damaging and has been implicated to play an important role in the progression of ischemic brain...
August 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912212/risk-stratification-using-the-cha2ds2-vasc-score-in-takotsubo-syndrome-data-from-the-takotsubo-italian-network
#18
Guido Parodi, Fernando Scudiero, Rodolfo Citro, Angelo Silverio, Benedetta Bellandi, Concetta Zito, Francesco Antonini-Canterin, Fausto Rigo, Chiara Zocchi, Eduardo Bossone, Jorge Salerno-Uriarte, Federico Piscione, Carlo Di Mario
BACKGROUND: The CHA2DS2-VASc score predicts stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation and has been reported to have a prognostic role even in acute coronary syndrome patients. The Takotsubo syndrome is a condition that mimics acute coronary syndrome and may present several complications including stroke. We sought to assess the ability of CHA2DS2-VASc score to predict adverse events in Takotsubo syndrome patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overall, 371 Takotsubo syndrome patients were enrolled in a prospective registry...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911508/relationship-of-pcsk9-and-urinary%C3%A2-thromboxane-excretion-to%C3%A2-cardiovascular-events-in-patients%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Daniele Pastori, Cristina Nocella, Alessio Farcomeni, Simona Bartimoccia, Maria Santulli, Fortunata Vasaturo, Roberto Carnevale, Danilo Menichelli, Francesco Violi, Pasquale Pignatelli
BACKGROUND: Soluble proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has been shown to be predictive of cardiovascular events (CVEs) in patients who are at high cardiovascular risk. No data on the effect of PCSK9 levels in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are available. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between PCSK9 and CVEs in AF as well as the relationship between PCSK9 and urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 (11-dh-TxB2), a marker of platelet activation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911268/apathy-not-depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-semantic-and-phonemic-fluency-task-performance-in-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack
#20
Keera N Fishman, Andrea R Ashbaugh, Krista L Lanctôt, Megan L Cayley, Nathan Herrmann, Brian J Murray, Michelle Sicard, Karen Lien, Demetrios J Sahlas, Richard H Swartz
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between apathy and cognition in patients with cerebrovascular disease. Apathy may result from damage to frontal subcortical circuits causing dysexecutive syndromes, but apathy is also related to depression. We assessed the ability of apathy to predict phonemic fluency and semantic fluency performance after controlling for depressive symptoms in 282 individuals with stroke and/or transient ischemic attack. METHOD: Participants (N = 282) completed the Phonemic Fluency Test, Semantic Fluency Test, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, and Apathy Evaluation Scale...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
keyword
keyword
72414
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"