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orofacial myofunctional

Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
Amanda Pagliotto da Silva, Fernanda Chiarion Sassi, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
Purpose: To characterize the oral-motor system of adults with mandibular condyle facture comparing the performance of individuals submitted to open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) and closed reduction with mandibulomaxillary fixation (CRMMF). Methods: Study participants were 26 adults divided into three groups: G1 - eight individuals submitted to ORIF for correction of condyle fracture; G2 - nine individuals submitted to CRMMF for correction of condyle fracture; CG - nine healthy volunteers with no alterations of the orofacial myofunctional system...
September 2016: CoDAS
Haewon Byeon
[Purpose] Measurement of the diadochokinetic rate can provide useful information on swallowing rehabilitation in the oral phase by elucidating the speed and regularity of movement of muscles related to the lips, tongue, and chin. This study investigated the effect of a three-week period of orofacial myofunctional exercise on the improvement of cheek, tongue, and lip muscle strength and diadochokinetic rate in dysphagia patients. [Subjects and Methods] This study employed a pretest-posttest control group design...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
G Aubertin, C Schröder, F Sevin, F Clouteau, M-D Lamblin, M-F Vecchierini
The French Society of Research and Sleep Medicine (SFRMS) organized a meeting on obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children. A multidisciplinary group of specialists (pulmonologist, ENT surgeons, pediatricians, orofacial myofunctional therapists, neurophysiologists, and sleep specialists) reached a consensus on the value of isolated or clustered clinical symptoms and of questionnaires completed by parents in the clinical diagnosis and in assessing the severity of OSAS. Are clinical history with validated questionnaires and a rigorous physical examination sufficient to suspect OSAS, to appreciate its severity, and finally to confirm the diagnosis? Usually, a sleep recording of respiratory parameters remains mandatory for the diagnosis of OSAS to be made...
October 18, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Cláudia Maria de Felício, Franciele Voltarelli da Silva Dias, Gislaine Aparecida Folha, Leila Azevedo de Almeida, Jaqueline Freitas de Souza, Wilma Terezinha Anselmo-Lima, Luciana Vitaliano Voi Trawitzki, Fabiana Cardoso Pereira Valera
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were (1) to identify possible differences in muscular and orofacial functions between children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and with primary snoring (PS); (2) to examine the standardized difference between normal values of myofunctional scores and those of subjects with OSA or PS; and (3) to identify the features associated with OSA. METHODS: Participants were 39 children (mean age 8 ± 1.2 years) of which, 27 had a diagnosis of OSA and 12 had PS...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Tomasa Pastor-Vera, Paula Rodríguez-Alessi, Eduard Ferrés-Amat, Javier Mareque-Bueno, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
The problems of suction in newborns give rise to multiple consequences for both the mother and the newborn. The objective of this paper is to present a case of ankyloglossia ("tongue-tie") and the suction problems that were treated by a multidisciplinary team. The subject is a 17-day-old male patient, with ankyloglossia and suction problems during breastfeeding (pain in the breastfeeding mother, poor weight gain, and long breastfeeds). The patient followed the circuit established in our centre between the services of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Breastfeeding and Speech Therapy and Orofacial Rehabilitation (CELERE)...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Claudia Lúcia Pimenta Ferreira, Giuseppe Bellistri, Stefano Montagna, Claudia Maria de Felício, Chiarella Sforza
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to investigate if changes in the oxygen saturation of masseter muscle during a chewing task can differentiate patients with myogenic temporomandibular disorders (TMD) from healthy subjects and if these differences are related to the gravity of the disorder and to the orofacial myofunctional status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve women with moderate TMD (TMD group; 37 ± 16 years) and ten healthy control women (CTRL group 24 ± 5 years) participated...
July 21, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Yasuyo Sugawara, Yoshihito Ishihara, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto, Takashi Yamashiro, Hiroshi Kamioka
The orofacial muscle is an important factor in the harmony of the occlusion, and its dysfunction significantly influences a patient's occlusion after craniofacial growth and development. In this case report, we describe the successful orthodontic treatment of a patient with unilateral orofacial muscle dysfunction. A boy, 10 years 0 months of age, with a chief complaint of anterior open bite, was diagnosed with a Class III malocclusion with facial musculoskeletal asymmetry. His maxillomandibular relationships were unstable, and he was unable to lift the right corner of his mouth upon smiling because of weak right orofacial muscles...
July 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Adrian J Palencar
An anterior open bite is one of the most difficult occlusal abnormalities to treat. Quite often this aberration entails dental component and/or skeletal component. The skeletal open bite will require intrusion of the posterior sextants with the assistance of bite blocks, temporary anchorage devices, high pull headgear, and as a last resort - orthognathic surgery. The orthodontic treatment should be augmented with the orofacial myofunctional therapy. In this article, the author describes 3 different variations of treatment of the dental anterior open bite, first on acrylic models, and then on the actual patients...
2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Silmara Rondon-Melo, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2016: CoDAS
Kelly Guedes de Oliveira Scudine, Aline Pedroni-Pereira, Darlle Santos Araujo, Daniela Galvão de Almeida Prado, Ana Claudia Rossi, Paula Midori Castelo
Chewing behavior may show sex differences; thus, the present study aimed to compare the masticatory aspects and the prediction of masticatory performance between male and female adolescents. Ninety-one healthy subjects (47 girls, 44 boys), caries-free and aged 14-17years, were included. Masticatory performance and maximal bite force were evaluated using a color-changeable chewing gum and digital gnathodynamometer, respectively. Masticatory behavior was assessed by the subjective aspect of the quality of the masticatory function (validated questionnaire) and the Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation with Scores expanded (OMES-e) was used to determine chewing time, frequency of chewing cycles and other aspects...
September 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Barbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto, Marco Antonio M Rodrigues Da Silva, Cláudia Maria de Felício
This study investigated the efficacy of combining low-level laser therapy (LLLT) with oral motor exercises (OM-exercises) for rehabilitation of patients with chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Eighty-two patients with chronic TMD and 20 healthy subjects (control group) participated in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment groups: GI (LLLT + OM exercises), GII (orofacial myofunctional therapy-OMT-which contains pain relief strategies and OM-exercises), and GIII (LLLT placebo + OM-exercises) and GIV (LLLT)...
July 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Cláudia M de Felício, Gislaine A Folha, Claudia Lucia Pimenta Ferreira, Licia Coceani Paskay, Chiarella Sforza
UNLABELLED: The protocol of orofacial myofunctional evaluation with scores (OMES-protocol or AMIOFE in Portuguese language) is a validated instrument for the diagnosis of orofacial myofunctional disorders that can be used in clinical practice for speech-language pathologists. Because in the Italian language there is no validated tool for such purpose, this study was developed. PURPOSES: To translate and culturally adapt the OMES-protocol for Italian language and determine the normal score value in a group of young Italian adults...
November 2015: CoDAS
Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Tomasa Pastor-Vera, Eduard Ferrés-Amat, Javier Mareque-Bueno, Jordi Prats-Armengol, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
BACKGROUND: Partial ankyloglossia is a limitation which restricts the possibility of protrusion and elevation of the tip of the tongue due to the shortness of either the lingual frenulum or the genioglossus muscles or both. The principal objective of this paper is to present our protocol of action for the treatment of ankyloglossia. The specific objectives are to study patients with ankyloglossia treated by the Service of Maxillofacial Surgery and the Service of Speech Therapy of our pediatric Hospital, describe the diagnostic procedures, the pre-surgical intervention, the surgical technique undertaken and the post-surgical rehabilitation taking into account the level of collaboration of the patients, and finally, describe the surgical complications and the referral of patients...
January 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Alessandra Terra Vasconcelos Rabelo, Fernanda Rodrigues Campos, Clarice Passos Friche, Bárbara Suelen Vasconcelos da Silva, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche, Claudia Regina Lindgren Alves, Lúcia Maria Horta de Figueiredo Goulart
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of oral language, orofacial motor skill and auditory processing disorders in children aged 4-10 years old and verify their association with age and gender. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with stratified, random sample consisting of 539 students. The evaluation consisted of three protocols: orofacial motor skill protocol, adapted from the Myofunctional Evaluation Guidelines; the Child Language Test ABFW - Phonology, and a simplified auditory processing evaluation...
December 2015: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Claire Van Dyck, Aline Dekeyser, Elien Vantricht, Eric Manders, Ann Goeleven, Steffen Fieuws, Guy Willems
OBJECTIVES: Insufficient attention is given in the literature to the early treatment of anterior open bite (AOB) subjects receiving orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT), which aims to harmonize the orofacial functions. This prospective pilot study investigates the effects of OMT on tongue behaviour in children with AOB and a visceral swallowing pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised of 22 children (11 boys, 11 girls; age range: 7.1-10.6 years). They were randomly assigned into OMT and non-OMT subjects...
June 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
Andréia Fernandes Graziani, Ana Paula Fukushiro, Katia Flores Genaro
PURPOSE: To create and validate the content of an orofacial myofunctional assessment protocol for individuals with cleft lip and palate. METHODS: The first version of an orofacial myofunctional assessment protocol for individuals with cleft lip and palate was created by two speech-language pathologists, who contemplated the structural and functional aspects of the stomatognathic system. This version was analyzed by other two speech-language pathologists experienced in cleft lip and palate assessment, who suggested changes that led to the second version of the protocol...
March 2015: CoDAS
Dicarla Motta Magnani, Fernanda Chiarion Sassi, Luiz Philipe Molina Vana, Nivaldo Alonso, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of oral-motor movements and facial mimic in patients with head and neck burns. METHODS: An observational descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with patients who suffered burns to the head and neck and who were referred to the Division of Orofacial Myology of a public hospital for assessment and rehabilitation. Only patients presenting deep partial-thickness and full-thickness burns to areas of the face and neck were included in the study...
May 2015: Clinics
Camila de Castro Corrêa, Deborah Viviane Ferrari, Giédre Berretin-Felix
Introduction Plenty of information about health is available on the Internet; however, quality and legibility are not always evaluated. Knowledge regarding orofacial functions can be considered important for the population because it allows proper stimulus, early diagnosis, and prevention of the oral myofunctional alterations during early infancy. Objective The aim was evaluate the quality, legibility, and range of Web sites available in Brazilian Portuguese regarding the orofacial functions. Methods Selected Web sites with information directed to parents/caregivers of babies regarding breast-feeding, feeding after 6 months, deleterious oral habits, and breathing and speech were studied...
October 2013: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Marion Girard, Claire Leroux
Can we hope to dispense with muscle and function management in orthodontic and orthodonto-surgical treatment plans? How can the specialized physiotherapist assist, facilitate and stabilize the work done by the orthodontist and maxillo-facial surgeon and help avoid relapses? Treatment aims to achieve dental alignment and occlusal balance in direct association with balance of the tongue muscles, cutaneous muscles, masticatory and postural muscles and functions in the orofacial region. Restoration of balance between agonist and antagonist muscles is achieved by relaxing contracted muscles and by gradually building up weak muscle tone...
March 2015: L' Orthodontie Française
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