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frenulum and ankyloglossia

Phoebus Tsaousoglou, Nikolaos Topouzelis, Ioannis Vouros, Anton Sculean
BACKGROUND: Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie is a congenital oral anomaly with short, tight, and thick lingual frenulum. It may be asymptomatic or can cause movement limitations of the tongue, speech and articulation difficulties, breastfeeding difficulties in neonates, as well as periodontal and malocclusion problems. The etiopathogenesis of ankyloglossia is unknown; it can occur either as a sole anomaly in the vast majority or in association with other craniofacial anomalies. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this paper were (1) to provide a comprehensive review on the criteria for clinical assessment and diagnosis, etiology and inheritance, and the therapeutic options of ankyloglossia; and (2) to demonstrate the treatment of ankyloglossia by means of frenuloplasty in three cases...
2016: Quintessence International
Kritika Jangid, Aurelian Jovita Alexander, Nadathur Doraiswamy Jayakumar, Sheeja Varghese, Pratibha Ramani
Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie is a congenital anomaly affecting the tongue, which is characterized by thick, short lingual frenulum. This condition causes many difficulties such as limited tongue protrusion, breastfeeding difficulties, speech impairment and lack of self-confidence. It is very rarely associated with any other congenital craniofacial disorders such as cleft lip, X-linked cleft palate, Van der Woude syndrome, Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome, Orofacial digital syndrome, Beckwith Weidman syndrome or Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome...
November 2015: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Tomasa Pastor-Vera, Eduard Ferrés-Amat, Javier Mareque-Bueno, Jordi Prats-Armengol, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
BACKGROUND: Partial ankyloglossia is a limitation which restricts the possibility of protrusion and elevation of the tip of the tongue due to the shortness of either the lingual frenulum or the genioglossus muscles or both. The principal objective of this paper is to present our protocol of action for the treatment of ankyloglossia. The specific objectives are to study patients with ankyloglossia treated by the Service of Maxillofacial Surgery and the Service of Speech Therapy of our pediatric Hospital, describe the diagnostic procedures, the pre-surgical intervention, the surgical technique undertaken and the post-surgical rehabilitation taking into account the level of collaboration of the patients, and finally, describe the surgical complications and the referral of patients...
January 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
A Veyssiere, J D Kun-Darbois, C Paulus, A Chatellier, A Caillot, H Bénateau
Ankyloglossia is a common condition. Its prevalence is between 3.2% and 4.8% depending on the series and is largely underestimated given the fact of non-diagnosis when the symptoms are limited. It is defined as a short lingual frenulum resulting in a limitation of the lingual mobility. It is due to a defect in cellular apoptosis embryogenesis between the floor of the mouth and tongue. The result is a fibrous and short lingual frenulum. Several classifications were used to make the diagnosis. However, these are the clinical implications, particularly on food and primarily breastfeeding in the baby and phonation in older children that will motivate the management...
September 2015: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Anne Rowan-Legg
Ankyloglossia ('tongue-tie') is a relatively common congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenulum, which may restrict tongue tip mobility. There is considerable controversy regarding its diagnosis, clinical significance and management, and there is wide variation in practice in this regard. Most infants with ankyloglossia are asymptomatic and do not exhibit feeding problems. Based on available evidence, frenotomy cannot be recommended for all infants with ankyloglossia. There may be an association between ankyloglossia and significant breastfeeding difficulties in some infants...
May 2015: Paediatrics & Child Health
Simona Tecco, Aberto Baldini, Stefano Mummolo, Enrico Marchetti, Maria Rita Giuca, Giuseppe Marzo, Enrico Felice Gherlone
This study aimed to assess by surface electromyography (sEMG) the changes in sub-mental, orbicularis oris, and masticatory muscle activity after a lingual frenulectomy. Rehabilitation exercises in subjects with ankyloglossia, characterized by Class I malocclusion, were assessed as well. A total of 24 subjects were selected. Thirteen subjects (mean age 7±2.5years) with Class I malocclusion and ankyloglossia were treated with lingual frenulectomy and rehabilitation exercises, while 11 subjects (mean age 7±0...
August 2015: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Sivakumar Chinnadurai, David O Francis, Richard A Epstein, Anna Morad, Sahar Kohanim, Melissa McPheeters
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Children with ankyloglossia, an abnormally short, thickened, or tight lingual frenulum, may have restricted tongue mobility and sequelae, such as speech and feeding difficulties and social concerns. We systematically reviewed literature on feeding, speech, and social outcomes of treatments for infants and children with ankyloglossia. METHODS: Medline, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Embase were searched...
June 2015: Pediatrics
David O Francis, Shanthi Krishnaswami, Melissa McPheeters
OBJECTIVE: Ankyloglossia is a congenital condition characterized by an abnormally short, thickened, or tight lingual frenulum that restricts tongue mobility. The objective of this study was to systematically review literature on surgical and nonsurgical treatments for infants with ankyloglossia. METHODS: Medline, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Embase were searched up to August 2014. Two reviewers independently assessed studies against predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
June 2015: Pediatrics
Jamshid Yousefi, Fariba Tabrizian Namini, Seyed Mohammad Ali Raisolsadat, Rowan Gillies, Azar Ashkezari, John G Meara
INTRODUCTION: Ankyloglossia is a congenital anomaly in which the lingual frenulum is unusually short and thick, thus decreasing tongue mobility. In the context of the newborn or young infant it is a subject of ongoing controversy within and between medical specialties. The controversy involves not only the definition but also the management of this anomaly. A tight lingual frenulum is considered a minor malformation by some investigators. Usual treatments for ankyloglossia include speech therapy, as well as simple frenulotomy and frenuloplasty...
March 2015: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mayur Khairnar, Babita Pawar, Darshana Khairnar
Ankyloglossia or "tongue-tie" is a congenital anomaly caused by tight lingual frenulum that abnormally connects the tongue base to the floor of the mouth. Ankyloglossia can results in difficulty during speech and deglutition. This case series presents a novel surgical technique in the management of ankyloglossia in using presuturing technique in which different sets of sutures are given on lingual frenum before severing it. This results in reduced opening of the wound, minimal bleeding, pain and discomfort...
July 2014: Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report
Varshal J Barot, Shivlal L Vishnoi, Sarath Chandran, Gaurav V Bakutra
The tongue is an important oral structure that affects speech, position of teeth, periodontal tissues, nutrition, swallowing, nursing, and certain social activities. Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie, is a congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenulum, which restricts mobility of the tongue. Though the ankyloglossia is not a serious condition, it may lead to a host of problems including infant feeding difficulties, speech disorders, and various mechanical and social issues related to the inability of the tongue to protrude...
September 2014: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
R F Power, J F Murphy
AIMS: Currently there is debate on how best to manage young infants with tongue-tie who have breastfeeding problems. One of the challenges is the subjectivity of the outcome variables used to assess efficacy of tongue-tie division. This structured review documents how the argument has evolved. It proposes how best to assess, inform and manage mothers and their babies who present with tongue-tie related breastfeeding problems. METHODS: Databases were searched for relevant papers including Pubmed, Medline, and the Cochrane Library...
May 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Giselle Cuestas, Victoria Demarchi, María Pía Martínez Corvalán, Juan Razetti, Carlos Boccio
Ankyloglossia is a congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenulum resulting in varying degrees of difficulty of tongue mobility. It may be asymptomatic or it may present with breastfeeding difficulties, speech and dentition disorders, and social problems related to the functional limitation of the tongue. While it is a common and known pathology, controversies and diversity of opinions persist regarding the indication, timing and method of surgical correction. We describe our experience with 35 children presenting this condition; they underwent successful surgical treatment...
December 2014: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Katie Rose, Anand V Kasbekar, Alison Flynn, Sujata De
OBJECTIVES: Tongue tie (ankyloglossia) describes a short lingual frenulum that can lead to breastfeeding difficulties. It affects between 4% and 10% of infants and can be treated by frenulotomy. We developed a nurse-delivered frenulotomy service at a tertiary pediatric hospital and audited our results. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Tertiary pediatric hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: An outpatient tongue tie clinic was set up by an ear, nose, and throat consultant...
January 2015: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Alastair Brookes, Douglas M Bowley
Tongue tie or ankyloglossia is a congenital variation characterised by a short lingual frenulum which may result in restriction of tongue movement and thus impact on function. Tongue tie division (frenotomy) in affected infants with breastfeeding problems yields objective improvements in milk production and breastfeeding characteristics, including objective scoring measures, weight gain and reductions in maternal pain. For the majority of mothers, frenotomy appears to enhance maintenance of breastfeeding. Tongue tie division is a safe procedure with minimal complications...
November 2014: Early Human Development
Pavithra M Bai, Anna C Vaz
BACKGROUND: Tongue-tie (more formally known as ankyloglossia) is a congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenulum, which may restrict the mobility of the tongue tip impairing its ability to fulfil its functions. Ankyloglossia is uncommon, but not rare. Incidence figures reported in the literature vary widely, ranging from 0.02% to 4.8%. Incidences of upto 10.7% have been reported. Since the literature provides no uniformity of information with regard to the incidence of tongue tie...
June 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Marina Azevedo Junqueira, Nayara Nery Oliveira Cunha, Lidiane Lucas Costa e Silva, Leandro Borges Araújo, Ana Beatriz Silveira Moretti, Carlos Eduardo Gomes Couto Filho, Vivien Thiemy Sakai
This paper reports a series of clinical cases of ankyloglossia in children, which were approached by different techniques: frenotomy and frenectomy with the use of one hemostat, two hemostats, a groove director or laser. Information on the indications, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages of the techniques was also presented. Children diagnosed with ankyloglossia were subjected to different surgical procedures. The choice of the techniques was based on the age of the patient, length of the frenulum and availability of the instruments and equipment...
June 2014: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Elif Sepet, Cagla Yildiz, Arzu Pinar Erdem, Goksen Ikikarakayali, Feyza Nur Gorken, Sinem Kuru
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between the lingual frenulum length with mandibular incisor irregularity and type of occlusion in children with ankyloglossia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty children aged between 7 and 12 years with ankyloglossia enrolled in the study. The patients were classified according to Kotlow's classification. Mandibular incisor crowding was measured and the molar relationship was determined. The data were analysed statistically using Fisher's exact test, X2 and Pearson's correlation...
2015: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Vikrant Dilip Sane, Sudhir Pawar, Sachin Modi, Rashmi Saddiwal, Mayur Khade, Hrishikesh Tendulkar
Ankyloglossia, or tongue-tie, is a congenital condition characterized by a short, thickened, or abnormally tight lingual frenulum. This anomaly can cause a varying degree of reduced tongue mobility and has been associated with functional limitations including breastfeeding difficulties, atypical swallowing habits, speech articulation problems, mechanical problems such as inability to clean the oral cavity, and psychosocial stress. In this article, we report a 50-year-old female patient with tongue-tie having difficulty in speech and maintenance of oral hygiene due to high attachment of lingual frenum...
May 2014: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
D De Santis, R Gerosa, P F Graziani, G Zanotti, N Rossini, R Castellani, G Bissolotti, L Chiarini, P F Nocini, D Bertossi
Aim: Ankyloglossia, commonly known as tongue-tie, is a congenital oral anomaly characterized by a short lingual frenulum that may contribute to feeding, speech and mechanical problems. The purpose of this study is to compare the advantages of laser vis-à-vis conventional frenectomy in both intra- and post-surgical phases. Methods: This study took into consideration two patients, who were respectively 9 and 10-year-old. The first one underwent a common surgical procedure. A Nd:Yap laser device with a micropulsed wavelength of 1340 nm and power of 8 watts was used for the second...
August 1, 2013: Minerva Stomatologica
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