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Roberto Cirocchi, Stefano Trastulli, Eleonora Pressi, Eriberto Farinella, Stefano Avenia, Carlos Hernando Morales Uribe, Ana Maria Botero, Luis M Barrera
BACKGROUND: Surgery used to be the treatment of choice in cases of blunt hepatic injury, but this approach gradually changed over the last two decades as increasing non-operative management (NOM) of splenic injury led to its use for hepatic injury. The improvement in critical care monitoring and computed tomographic scanning, as well as the more frequent use of interventional radiology techniques, has helped to bring about this change to non-operative management. Liver trauma ranges from a small capsular tear, without parenchymal laceration, to massive parenchymal injury with major hepatic vein/retrohepatic vena cava lesions...
August 24, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Alexandr A Stekolnikov
The chigger mite genus Leptotrombidium Nagayo, Miyagawa, Mitamura and Imamura, 1916 is reviewed using literature data. For 340 larval species brief diagnoses, synonymy, data on type hosts and type localities are provided. The genus is divided into species-groups based on morphological evidence enabling easier establishment of group-membership of un-known specimens in the future. Some species groups are supported by a hierarchical cluster analysis with multiscale boot-strap resampling applied to a matrix including 335 species and geographic morphotypes and 19 standard quantitative characters...
2013: Zootaxa
Dao-Wei Zhang, Jing Chen
Neopoliocoris nom. n., a new substitute name is proposed for Poliocoris Slater, 1994 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Rhyparochromidae), preoccupied by Poliocoris Kirkaldy, 1910 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). A new combination, Neopoliocorisumbrosus (Slater, 1994), comb. n. is proposed for Poliocorisumbrosus Slater, 1994.
2015: ZooKeys
F Páez-Osuna, H Bojórquez-Leyva, M Bergés-Tiznado, O A Rubio-Hernández, J F Fierro-Sañudo, J Ramírez-Rochín, J A León-Cañedo
Concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), silver (Ag) and zinc (Zn) were evaluated in water and suspended sediments of the upper waters of San Lorenzo River in NW Mexico following a mine tailing spill. Except As (6.64-35.9 µg L(-1)), dissolved metal concentrations were low (Ag <0.06-0.22; Cd 0.01-0.34; Cu 4.71-10.2; Hg 0.02-0.24; Pb <0.15-0.65; Zn 86-1,080 µg L(-1)) and were less than the upper limits established by UNEP (Water quality for ecosystem and human health, 2nd edn...
May 2015: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Michel Sartori
The species Ecdyonurus sumatranus Ulmer, 1939 was described from Sumatra based on a female imago and a single nymph. It was designated as the type-species of the genus Ecdyonuroides Dang, 1967, erected because of the peculiar morphology of the nymph. This genus was put into synonymy later and the species is currently known as Thalerosphyrus sumatranus (Ulmer, 1939). The female imago holotype of Ecdyonurus sumatranus Ulmer, 1939 is reinvestigated and revealed to belong to the genus Rhithrogena Eaton, 1881. The combination Rhithrogena sumatrana (Ulmer, 1939) comb...
2014: Zootaxa
Matthew L Gimmel
A pre-phylogenetic revision of the family Phalacridae at the genus level is presented. Twenty-eight new generic synonymies are established as follows: Acylomus Sharp 1888 (=Liophalacrus Sharp 1888, syn. nov.; Ganyrus Guillebeau 1894, syn. nov.; Podocesus Guillebeau 1894, syn. nov.; Tinodemus Guillebeau 1894, syn. nov.; Ledorus Guillebeau 1895, syn. nov.; Astenulus Guillebeau 1896, syn. nov.; Afronyrus Švec 2006, syn. nov.), Apallodes Reitter 1873 (=Litolibrus Sharp 1889, syn. nov.; Sphaeropsis Guillebeau 1893, syn...
2013: Zootaxa
Hongliang Shi, Hongzhang Zhou, Hongbin Liang
Ten genera of Physoderina from the Oriental Region are diagnosed and described, and twenty six species representing eight genera (Paraphaea Bates, Anchista Nietner, Metallanchista gen. n., Diamella nom. n., Allocota Motschulsky, Orionella Jedlička, Endynomena Chaudoir and Dasiosoma Britton (Oriental species only)) are revised. Keys to genera and species are provided, along with distribution maps, habitus images, photographs of the name-bearing types, and illustrations of male and female genitalia of available species...
2013: ZooKeys
Abdel-Azeem S Abdel-Baki, Heba M Abdel-Haleem, Saleh Al-Quraishy
To date, three species of Isospora Schneider, 1881 have been described from lizards of the genus Acanthodactylus Wiegmann. Two of these, although representing separate species parasitizing two different hosts, Acanthodactylus boskianus Daudin in Egypt and A. schmidti Haas in Saudi Arabia, were described under the name Isospora acanthodactyli. The third species is Isospora abdallahi Modrý, Koudela et Slapeta, 1998 from A. boskianus in Egypt. In the present study, Isospora alyousifi nom. n. is proposed to accommodate Isospora acanthodactyli Alyousif et Al-Shawa, 1997 (homonym of I...
December 2012: Folia Parasitologica
Jorge Antonio Varela-Guerrero, Martin Talavera-Rojas, Adriana del Carmen Gutiérrez-Castillo, Nydia Edith Reyes-Rodríguez, Jesús Vázquez-Guadarrama
Salmonella is a public and animal health problem due to the generation of strains multiresistant to antimicrobial products. The objective of this study was to determine prevalence and antimicrobial phenotypic and genotypic resistance of Salmonella spp. isolated from beef cattle carcasses killed in slaughterhouses of the north central zone of the State of Mexico. Sampling was carried out according to the European Directive 2001/471/EC; isolation and identification of the strain was carried out according to the Mexican Official Standard NOM-114-SSA1-1994; resistance was established by CMI according to the National Committees for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCLS) and multiplex PCR according to Ahmed et al...
April 2013: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Jay A Requarth, Ralph B D'Agostino, Preston R Miller
BACKGROUND: Observation and splenic artery embolotherapy (SAE) are nonoperative management (NOM) modalities for adult blunt splenic injury; however, they are quite different, inconsistently applied, and controversial. This meta-analysis compares the known outcomes data for observational management versus SAE by splenic injury grade cohort. METHODS: Thirty-three blunt splenic injury outcomes articles, published between 1994 and 2009, comprising 24 unique data sets are identified...
October 2011: Journal of Trauma
S Garrido, M Aviles, A Ramirez, A Gonzalez, L Montellano, B Gonzalez, J de la Paz, R M Ramirez
The country of Mexico is facing serious problems with water quality and supply for human use and consumption in rural communities, mainly due to topographic and isolation. In Mexico the average annual precipitation is 1,500 cubic kilometers of water, if 3% of that amount were used, 13 million Mexicans could be supplied with drinking water that they currently do not have access. Considering the limited infrastructure and management in rural communities, which do not receive services from the centralized systems of large cities, a modified pilot multi-stage filtration (MMSF) system was designed, developed, and evaluated for treating collected rainwater in three rural communities, Ajuchitlan and Villa Nicolas Zapata (Morelos State) and Xacxamayo (Puebla State)...
2011: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Frantisek Moravec, Tomás Scholz, Anirban Ash, Pradip Kumar Kar
Specimens of three little-known species of Rhabdochona (Nematoda: Rhabdochonidae) were collected during occasional examinations of some freshwater fishes in India: R. (Rhabdochona) hellichi turkestanica (Skryabin, 1917) in Schizothorax sp. (Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes) from the Lodhomakhola and Rangit Rivers, West Bengal and Sikkim, respectively; R. (R.) hospeti Thapar, 1950 in Tor sp. (Cyprinidae) from the Rangit River; and R. (Globochona) mazeedi Prasad et Sahay, 1965 in Clupisoma garua (Hamilton) (Schilbeidae, Siluriformes) from the Farakka Dam Lake, West Bengal...
November 2010: Folia Parasitologica
Marcelino Aguirre, Adriana E Flores, Genoveva Alvarez, Alberto Molina, Iram Rodriguez, Gustavo Ponce
Resistance acquired by the tick Rhipicephalus microplus (Canestrini) to different types of ixodicides in Mexico has had a negative impact on national and local livestock, mainly due to the transmission of diseases such as babesiosis and anaplasmosis, among others. The technique used for the diagnosis of resistance was that in the bioassays noted in the Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM-006-ZOO-1994). The purpose of this investigation was the determination of resistance to pyrethroids through isoleucine-phenylalanine mutation in the gene KDR, in a population of ticks from Montemorelos, NL, Mexico...
December 2010: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Gustav Norrman, Bobby Tingstedt, Mikael Ekelund, Roland Andersson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-operative management (NOM) of blunt liver trauma is currently, if possible, the preferred treatment of choice. The present study evaluates the experience of blunt liver injury in adults in a Swedish university hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six patients with blunt liver trauma were treated from January 1994 through to December 2004. Patient charts were reviewed retrospectively to examine injury severity score (ISS), liver injury grade, diagnostics, treatment and outcome...
February 2009: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Gilberto Díaz, Rutilio Ortiz, Beatriz Schettino, Salvador Vega, Rey Gutiérrez
This work describes concentrations of organochlorine pesticides in bottled drinking water (BDW) in Mexico City. The results of 36 samples (1.5 and 19 L presentations, 18 samples, respectively) showed the presence of seven pesticides (HCH isomers, heptachlor, aldrin, and p,p'-DDE) in bottled water compared with the drinking water standards set by NOM-127-SSA1-1994, EPA, and World Health Organization. The concentrations of the majority of organochlorine pesticides were within drinking water standards (0.01 ng/mL) except for beta-HCH of BW 3, 5, and 6 samples with values of 0...
June 2009: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Roman Kuchta, Tomás Scholz, Rodney A Bray
The tapeworm order Bothriocephalidea Kuchta, Scholz, Brabec & Bray, 2008 (Platyhelminthes: Eucestoda), which has until recently formed part of the suppressed order Pseudophyllidea, is revised. Four new genera, namely Andycestus n. g. [type- and only species A. abyssmus (Thomas, 1953) n. comb.], Plicocestus n. g. [type- and only species P. janickii (Markowski, 1971) n. comb.] (both Bothriocephalidae), Mesoechinophallus n. g. [type-species M. hyperogliphe (Tkachev, 1979) n. comb.; other species M. major (Takao, 1986) n...
October 2008: Systematic Parasitology
Rosalba Gutiérrez Rojo, Edith Torres Chavolla
In Mexico, zero tolerance regulation is practiced regarding Salmonella in food products. the presence of which is verified by the procedure described in NOM 114-SSA-1994. During the period between August 2002 and March 2003, 245 food samples were tested using this procedure in the Central Laboratories of the Department of Health for the State of Jalisco (CEESLAB). Of these 245 samples, 35 showed presumptive colonies contaminated with Proteus swarm cells even after selective isolation. These swarm cells make Salmonella recovery and biochemical identification difficult due to the occurance of atypical biochemical profiles which generally correspond to that of Proteus...
January 2007: Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiología
Glennda Lucia Charles-Hernández, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Jesús Hernández-Romano
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of Salmonella sp. in foods obtained from Tamaulipas sanitary jurisdictions during 2005. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several kinds of foods were taken from the State of Tamaulipas from January to December 2005, which were analyzed in the Public Health State Laboratory of Tamaulipas. If the food fulfilled with the acceptance criteria, it was analyzed looking for Salmonella sp. in agreement with NOM-114-SSA1-1994. Positive foods were sent to the National Institute of Epidemiological Reference and Diagnostic (INDRE) to determine Salmonella species and serovariety...
November 2007: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Christian Letoublon, Yao Chen, Catherine Arvieux, David Voirin, Irene Morra, Christophe Broux, Olivier Risse
BACKGROUND: Nonoperative management (NOM) is considered standard treatment for 80% of blunt hepatic trauma (BHT). NOM is associated with some events that may require delayed operation (DO), usually considered a criterion of failure of NOM. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was performed on 257 consecutive patients with BHT, with a median age of 32.7 years, admitted from 1994 to 2005. We considered the 186 patients (72%) who had an initial indication of NOM, and focused on the 28 patients who were secondarily operated (DO), mainly on the 22 patients operated on for liver-related indications...
June 2008: World Journal of Surgery
Rolando García-Gómez, José Chávez-Espinosa, Adriana Mejía-Chávez, Carmen Duránde-Bazúa
Vegetables intake is widely recommended because of its high content of vitamins, minerals and fiber. However, the irrigation of these vegetables, using wastewaters that have received inadequate treatment often carries unseen microbial pollution that becomes a high risk potential for humans. In the present research, two of the most consumed fresh vegetables cultivated in Mexico City were analyzed, lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Mexican coriander (Eryngium foetidum). These vegetables are commonly consumed raw. The vegetable choice and the disinfection's method were carried out by the application of two tests to two hundred people in an aleatory form...
January 2002: Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiología
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