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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832237/recent-transmission-of-drug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-a-prison-population-in-southern-brazil
#1
Ana Julia Reis, Simone Maria Martini de David, Luciana de Souza Nunes, Andreia Rosane de Moura Valim, Lia Gonçalves Possuelo
We conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective study, characterized by classical and molecular epidemiology, involving M. tuberculosis isolates from a regional prison in southern Brazil. Between January of 2011 and August of 2014, 379 prisoners underwent sputum smear microscopy and culture; 53 (13.9%) were diagnosed with active tuberculosis. Of those, 8 (22.9%) presented with isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis. Strain genotyping was carried out by 15-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable-number tandem-repeat analysis; 68...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807954/-documented-and-suspected-risk-factors-for-childhood-cancer-aetiology
#2
Corrado Magnani, Lucia Miligi, Stefano Parodi
We present an updated summary on risk factors for childhood malignancies, following to previous reviews published on Epidemiologia&Prevenzione and largely based on the monographs of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Ionizing radiations are certain carcinogens, with evidence in humans, from studies both on children and on adults. Evidence specifically regarding childhood cancers is available also for other carcinogens, such as tobacco smoking, some solvents, some occupational activities of parents, and some viruses (HIV and EBV)...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759821/comparative-study-of-knowledge-about-oral-cancer-among-undergraduate-dental-students
#3
Samara Ribeiro da Silva, Yara Juliano, Neil Ferreira Novo, Ilan Weinfeld
Objective: To evaluate and compare the knowledge of dental undergraduate students about oral cancer. Methods: The students were divided into two groups according to semester attended in the undergraduate course: Group A, the first semester; and Group B, seventh semester. They were asked to answer a questionnaire about epidemiology, risk factors, clinical aspects, therapeutic solutions and oral self-examination. For statistical analysis, the Fisher's exact test, the Cochran's G test and Kendall's concordance test were used, with significance level set at 0...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679944/clinical-epidemiological-profile-of-acute-appendicitis-retrospective-analysis-of-638-cases
#4
Amanda Pereira Lima, Felipe José Vieira, Gabriela Procópio DE Moraes Oliveira, Plínio Dos Santos Ramos, Marielle Elisa Avelino, Felipe Garcia Prado, Gilson Salomão, Francisco Campos Silva, João Vicente Linhares Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: to describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of acute appendicitis (AA) of the patients treated at a referral center in the Juiz de Fora macro-region, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. METHODS: we conducted a retrospective, observational study in the Dr. Mozart Geraldo TeixeiraEmergency Hospital. We selected 638 patients diagnosed with AA, and analyzed the variables gender, age, evolutionary phase, length of hospital stay, pathological diagnosis, use of antibiotics, use of drains, complications and mortality...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679943/mirizzi-syndrome-grades-iii-and-iv-surgical-treatment
#5
Ronald Reverdito, André DE Moricz, Tércio DE Campos, Adhemar Monteiro Pacheco, Rodrigo Altenfelder Silva
OBJECTIVE: : to evaluate the epidemiology and outcomes of surgical treatment of patients with Mirizzi Syndrome (MS) grades III and IV, the most advanced according to Csendes classification. METHODS: : we conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional study by reviewing records of thirteen patients with grades III and IV MS operated from December 2001 to September 2013, among the 3,691 cholecystectomies performed in the period. RESULTS: : the incidence of MS was 0...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532747/zika-virus-challenges-of-public-health-in-brazil
#6
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474488/-zika-virus-infection-a-new-public-health-emergency-with-great-media-impact
#7
Joan A Caylà, Ángela Domínguez, Elena Rodríguez Valín, Fernando de Ory, Ana Vázquez, Claudia Fortuny
Infection with Zika virus (ZV) has become a new epidemic, with great impact on the media, and is having a strong effect in Latin American countries. Its possible association with microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare on 1 February 2016 that this epidemic is a public health emergency of international concern. Epidemiological data show an increasing incidence in countries like Brazil and Colombia, and that the epidemic is still expanding in many other countries...
July 26, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462889/content-validity-of-the-geriatric-health-assessment-instrument
#8
Rhaine Borges Santos Pedreira, Saulo Vasconcelos Rocha, Clarice Alves Dos Santos, Lélia Renata Carneiro Vasconcelos, Martha Cerqueira Reis
OBJECTIVE: Assess the content validity of the Elderly Health Assessment Tool with low education. METHODS: The data collection instrument/questionnaire was prepared and submitted to an expert panel comprising four healthcare professionals experienced in research on epidemiology of aging. The experts were allowed to suggest item inclusion/exclusion and were asked to rate the ability of individual items in questionnaire blocks to encompass target dimensions as "not valid", "somewhat valid" or "valid", using an interval scale...
April 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310554/occupational-skin-cancer-systematic-review
#9
Jéssica Suellen Sena, Régio José Santiago Girão, Sionara Melo Figueiredo de Carvalho, Rosielly Melo Tavares, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Patrícia Barros Aquino Silva, Maria Clara Fortes Portela Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological profile, risk factors in the workplace environment and prevention methods for professionals at risk of skin cancer. METHOD: A systematic review of articles on occupational skin cancer, published in the Lilacs, Scielo, Medline and Cochrane Library from January 1st, 2008, to December 31st, 2013, was performed. The search included the following terms: "neoplasias cutâneas" (DeCS), "exposição ocupacional" (DeCS), "epidemiologia" (DeCS) as well as the keyword "prevenção", and their equivalents in English...
May 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305404/population-attributable-fraction-planning-of-diseases-prevention-actions-in-brazil
#10
Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende, José Eluf-Neto
Epidemiology is the study of occurrence, distribution and determinants of health-related events, including the application of that knowledge to the prevention and control of health problems. However, epidemiological studies, in most cases, have limited their research questions to determinants of health outcomes. Research related to the application of knowledge for prevention and control of diseases have been neglected. In this comment, we present a description of how population attributable fraction estimates can provide important elements for planning of prevention and control of diseases in Brazil...
June 10, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291202/-epidemiologia-prevenzione-for-research-and-public-health
#11
Eugenio Paci, Luigi Bisanti, Benedetto Terracini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290883/-epidemiology-for-national-health-service-reflections-upon-the-italian-association-of-epidemiology-to-support-reorganisation-in-place-in-central-agencies-and-regional-structure
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137775/-surveillance-in-spain-3-years-since-the-enactment-of-the-public-health-law
#13
Anxela Pousa, Pere Godoy, Nuria Aragonés, Rosa Cano, María José Sierra, Francisco González, José María Mayoral
In 2014, the Epidemiological Surveillance Working Group of the Sociedad Española de Epidemiología (Spanish Society of Epidemiology), carried out a descriptive study in order to evaluate the level of development of the Spanish Public Health Law since its enactment in 2011. A survey collecting data on the existence of information systems and other aspects pertaining to each surveillance section included in the law was sent to all 19 autonomous communities and cities. All regional authorities reported the presence of an information system for communicable diseases, and six also reported an information system for social factors...
July 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125608/-characteristics-and-epidemiological-changes-for-patients-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-the-emergency-department
#14
J L Gálvez San Román, C Jiménez Hidalgo, M M Portillo Cano, M O García Sánchez, C Navarro Bustos, A Julián-Jiménez, M Martínez Ortiz de Zárate, J González del Castillo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to determine both the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in the emergency department (ED) and the most relevant epidemiological changes in the last decade, as well as the profile and management of these patients. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional analysis at 49 Spanish ED during 12 months. All patients with infections and UTI diagnosis were included. All patients attended to in ED during the study were recorded as well...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914078/-recommendations-for-palivizumab-use-update-2015
#15
Silvia Fernández Jonusas, Deleys Albas Maubett, Daniela Satragno, Adriana Cattaino, Margarita Martin Alonso, Cecilia Rubio, Ricardo Nieto
This recommendation updates the Argentinean Pediatrics' Neonatal Committee (CEFEN) ones published in 2007. The respiratory syncytial virus is the most frequent agent for lower respiratory infection. Tiny premature, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and significant hemodynamic congenital heart disease babies are the most vulnerable populations. Palivizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody against respiratory syncytial virus used in the cold season. These recommendations are based on the scientific review of the literature published up to date...
February 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26879499/-not-available
#16
Carlina Colussi, Mariana Stafuza, Susana Denner, Marcelo Nepote, Diego Mendicino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26832857/-chronic-diseases-as-a-priority-for-the-public-health-surveillance-system-in-spain
#17
José María Mayoral Cortes, Nuria Aragonés Sanz, Pere Godoy, María José Sierra Moros, Rosa Cano Portero, Francisco González Moran, Ánxela Pousa Ortega
At present, epidemiological surveillance in Spain remains focused on the communicable diseases included in the list of notifiable diseases. However, there has been a change in epidemiological pattern that predominated until the last few decades of the twentieth century. Infectious diseases, which used to be the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, have given way to a predominance of chronic diseases. In this regard, progress has been made in the drafting and adoption of specific legal regulations on public health monitoring...
March 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26373322/iii-conferenza-di-consenso-italiana-sul-mesotelioma-maligno-della-pleura-aspetti-di-epidemiologia-sanit%C3%A3-pubblica-e-medicina-del-lavoro
#18
Corrado Magnani, Claudio Bianchi, Elisabetta Chellini, Dario Consonni, Bice Fubini, Valerio Gennaro, Alessandro Marinaccio, Massimo Menegozzo, Dario Mirabelli, Enzo Merler, Franco Merletti, Marina Musti, Enrico Oddone, Antonio Romanelli, Benedetto Terracini, Amerigo Zona, Carlo Zocchetti, Mariano Alessi, Antonio Baldassarre, Irma Dianzani, Milena Maule, Carolina Mensi, Stefano Silvestri
La III conferenza di consenso sul Mesotelioma Maligno della Pleura (MM) si è riunita il 29 Gennaio 2015. Questo rapporto presenta le conclusioni della sezione 'Epidemiologia, Sanità Pubblica e Medicina del Lavoro'. L'incidenza di MM nel 2011 in Italia è stata 3.64 per 100,000 persone/anno tra gli uomini e 1.32 tra le donne. I trends di incidenza nella popolazione sembrano non crescere ulteriormente. Dieci casi su cento sono associati ad esposizione non lavorativa. L'incidenza tra le donne è molto elevata in Italia, a causa sia di esposizione lavorativa sia non lavorativa...
November 2015: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26132247/epidemiology-and-health-services-the-trajectory-of-the-brazilian-national-health-system-journal
#19
Leila Posenato Garcia, Elisete Duarte
Epidemiology and Health Services - Brazilian National Health System Journal (Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde - RESS) is a scientific journal published by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. It is the continuation of the Brazilian National Health System Epidemiological Report (Informe Epidemiológico do SUS - IESUS), created in 1992. Its name changed to Epidemiology and Health Services in 2003. RESS is centred on epidemiology in health services. Its mission is to disseminate epidemiological knowledge applicable to the surveillance, prevention and control of diseases relevant to Public Health, aiming to improve the services offered by the Brazilian National Health System...
July 2015: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26132242/the-brazilian-journal-of-epidemiology-18-years-of-contributing-to-knowledge-dissemination
#20
Márcia Furquim de Almeida, Moisés Goldbaum, José da Rocha Carvalheiro
The Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia (RBE - Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology) is completing 18 years as a vehicle for the dissemination of knowledge in the area of health. This knowledge relates to theoretical perspectives, the analysis of the reality of existing health conditions, as well as practices within health services. Fitting within all the disciplines of the field of public health, the origins of this journal, and the concepts that it covers, reflect movements within the health sector and also shadow the areas of operation proposed in the "Master Plans for the Development of Epidemiology in Brazil"...
July 2015: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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