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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719965/living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-giant-hepatic-hemangioma-with-diffuse-hemangiomatosis-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#1
Ju Hyun Lee, Chang Jin Yoon, Young Hoon Kim, Ho-Seong Han, Jai Young Cho, Jai Young Cho, Haeryoung Kim, Eun Sun Jang, Jin-Wook Kim, Sook-Hyang Jeong
Hepatic hemangioma represents the most common benign primary hepatic neoplasm. Although most such tumors are small and asymptomatic, giant hepatic hemangioma is frequently symptomatic, and requires intervention. Moreover, diffuse multiple hepatic hemangiomatosis occupying almost the entire liver is extremely rare in adults, and the optimal management for this condition is unclear. We report a case of a rapidly growing, symptomatic giant hepatic hemangioma with diffuse hepatic hemangiomatosis in a 50-year-old female patient who was treated by living-donor liver transplantation...
July 19, 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719947/efficient-liquid-media-for-encystation-of-pathogenic-free-living-amoebae
#2
Hae-Jin Sohn, Heekyoung Kang, Ga-Eun Seo, Jong-Hyun Kim, Suk-Yul Jung, Ho-Joon Shin
Pathogenic Naegleria fowleri, Acanthamoeba castellanii, and Acanthamoeba polyphaga, are distributed worldwide. They are causative agents of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis or acanthamoebic keratitis in humans, respectively. Trophozoites encyst in unfavorable environments, such as exhausted food supply and desiccation. Until recently, the method of N. fowleri encystation used solid non-nutrient agar medium supplemented with heat-inactivated Escherichia coli; however, for the amoebic encystment of Acanthamoeba spp...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719946/cell-assisted-lipotransfer-friend-or-foe-in-fat-grafting-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
J Laloze, A Varin, J Gilhodes, N Bertheuil, J L Grolleau, J Brie, J Usseglio, L Sensebe, T Filleron, B Chaput
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat grafting is a common procedure for soft-tissue reconstruction but is associated with a graft resorption rate ranging from 20% to 80%. To improve the fat graft survival rate, a new technique, called cell-assisted lipotransfer (CAL), was developed. With CAL, fat is injected along with adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) that are assumed to improve fat survival rate. We conducted an evidence-based meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CAL as compared with conventional autologous fat grafting (non-CAL)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719914/the-significance-of-antibodies-against-domain-i-of-beta-2-glycoprotein-i-in-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#4
Hilde Kelchtermans, Walid Chayouâ, Bas de Laat
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by vascular thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity with the persistent presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs). Progress is being made in understanding the pathogenesis of the syndrome, but difficulties persist in the identification of patients at risk for thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity. Beta-2 glycoprotein I (β2GPI), a plasma protein consisting of five sushi domains, is thought to be the main antigenic target of aPLs. Antibodies recognizing domain I of β2GPI are predominantly present in patients with an elevated risk of thrombosis, whereas antidomain IV/V antibodies are found in nonthrombotic autoimmune diseases...
July 18, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719893/treatment-of-copd-exacerbation-in-switzerland-results-and-recommendations-of-the-european-copd-audit
#5
Michael Buess, Daniel Schilter, Tino Schneider, Marc Maurer, Heinz Borer, Robert Thurnheer, Erich Köhler, Lilian Junker, Kathleen Jahn, Michael Grob, Jochen Rüdiger, Thomas Geiser, Erich Helfenstein, Markus Solèr, René Fiechter, Thomas Sigrist, Patrick Brun, Jürg Barandun, Eva Koltai, José Luis López-Campos, Sylvia Hartl, Michael Roberts, Desiree M Schumann, Michael Tamm, Daiana Stolz
BACKGROUND: The European COPD Audit initiated by the European Respiratory Society (ERS) evaluated the management of hospital admissions due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in several European countries. Data on the treatment of severe acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPDs) in Switzerland are scarce. OBJECTIVES: In light of the GOLD 2010 guidelines, this work aims to examine the quality of care for AECOPD and to provide specific recommendations for the management of severe AECOPD in Switzerland...
July 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719880/a-scheme-to-scientifically-and-accurately-assess-cadmium-pollution-of-river-sediments-through-consideration-of-bioavailability-when-assessing-ecological-risk
#6
Zhixin Song, Wenzhong Tang, Baoqing Shan
Evaluating heavy metal pollution status and ecological risk in river sediments is a complex task, requiring consideration of contaminant pollution levels, as well as effects of biological processes within the river system. There are currently no simple or low-cost approaches to heavy metal assessment in river sediments. Here, we introduce a system of assessment for pollution status of heavy metals in river sediments, using measurements of Cd in the Shaocun River sediments as a case study. This system can be used to identify high-risk zones of the river that should be given more attention...
July 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719864/in-vivo-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-pancreatic-tumors-using-iron-oxide-nanoworms-targeted-with-ptr86-peptide
#7
Yasaman Ahmadi, Genady Kostenich, Mor Oron-Herman, Wolfgang Wadsak, Markus Mitterhauser, Arie Orenstein, Siroos Mirzaei, Peter Knoll
To cut the high mortality rate of malignant disease such as pancreatic cancer, development of newly diagnostic probes for early stage detection of tumor lesions is required. Multimodal imaging nanoprobes allowing targeted and real time functional/anatomical imaging of tumors meet the demands. For this purpose, a MRI/optical dual-modality probe based on biodegradable magnetic iron oxide nanoworms has been developed. The cross-linked surface of nanoworms were anchored to fluorescent dyes and to FITC.PTR86; a novel synthetic peptide with high affinity towards somatostatin receptors...
July 6, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719837/prescription-trends-and-the-selection-of-initial-oral-antidiabetic-agents-for-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-a-nationwide-study
#8
C-H Liu, S-T Chen, C-H Chang, L-M Chuang, M-S Lai
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of patients, physicians, and medical facilities, and their association with prescriptions that do not include metformin as the initial oral antidiabetic agent. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Patients with incident type 2 diabetes between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2010, were identified from the Taiwan National Insurance Research Database...
July 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719818/insights-into-the-unique-functionality-of-inorganic-micro-nanoparticles-for-versatile-ultrasound-theranostics
#9
REVIEW
Xiaoqin Qian, Xiaoxia Han, Yu Chen
The clinical ultrasound (US)-based theranostic biomedicine suffers from the critical issue that traditional microbubbles (MBs) have lots of drawbacks such as low stability, large particle size, difficult structural control, etc. The unique composition, structure and functionality of inorganic micro/nanoplatforms have shown their great prospect for solving these critical issues and drawbacks of traditional organic MBs. This review summarizes and discusses the state-of-art development on exploring inorganic micro/nanoparticles for versatile US-based biomedical applications, ranging from US imaging, photoacoustic imaging, sonodynamic therapy, high intensity-focused US ablation and US-triggered chemotherapy...
July 11, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719806/effect-of-cage-design-supplemental-posterior-instrumentation-and-approach-on-primary-stability-of-a-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-biomechanical-in-vitro-study
#10
Werner Schmoelz, Sabrina Sandriesser, Oded Loebl, Marlies Bauer, Dietmar Krappinger
BACKGROUND: There are various techniques and approaches for lumbar interbody fusion differing in access, cage type and type of supplemental posterior instrumentation. While a transforaminal access usually includes a hemifacetectomy, the facet joint can be preserved with a more lateral extraforaminal access. The supplemental posterior instrumentation required for both fusion techniques is still debated. The purpose of the present study was to compare primary stability of the two accesses for two different cage types with none, unilateral and bilateral supplemental posterior instrumentation...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719792/hepatitis-requires-public-health-action
#11
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719791/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-and-educational-prenatal-and-postnatal-care-interventions-for-married-immigrant-women-in-korea-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Sun Kyung Kim, Seyeon Park, Sukhee Ahn
The rapid influx of married immigrant women from low-income Asian countries is a concern in South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. In South Korea, 1 in 10 couples includes a Korean man and a migrant woman, increasing the need for prenatal and postnatal care interventions. Studies published in English or Korean after 2000 were retrieved from 8 databases and reviewed via a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of prenatal and postnatal psychosocial and educational interventions in Korea. Of 3583 records, 10 studies (1 randomized controlled trial [RCT] and 9 non-RCTs) involving 408 married immigrant women fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719763/two-equals-one-two-human-actions-during-social-interaction-are-grouped-as-one-unit-in-working-memory
#13
Xiaowei Ding, Zaifeng Gao, Mowei Shen
Every day, people perceive other people performing interactive actions. Retaining these actions of human agents in working memory (WM) plays a pivotal role in a normal social life. However, whether the semantic knowledge embedded in the interactive actions has a pervasive impact on the storage of the actions in WM remains unknown. In the current study, we investigated two opposing hypotheses: (a) that WM stores the interactions individually (the individual-storage hypothesis) and (b) that WM stores the interactions as chunks (the chunk-storage hypothesis)...
July 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719756/medialization-laryngoplasty-in-the-elderly-outcomes-and-expectations
#14
Andrew Jay Bowen, Tiffany L Huang, Michael S Benninger, Paul C Bryson
Objective To describe the profile and outcomes of elderly patients undergoing medialization laryngoplasty for vocal cord paralysis. Study Design Case series with retrospective review. Setting Tertiary care hospital. Subjects and Methods Patients were included in the study if they were >65 years old at the time of medialization laryngoplasty between 2008 and 2015. Patient comorbidities, anticoagulation status, disease etiology, and physical examination findings were recorded with postoperative length of stay, complications, pre- and posttreatment voice outcomes with the Voice Handicap Index (at 6 weeks, 4 months, 8 months, and 1 year), and postprocedural interventions (revision injections, surgery, therapy)...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719743/machine-learning-on-samdi-mass-spectrometry-signal-to-noise-ratio-improves-peptide-array-designs
#15
Albert Yan Xue, Lindsey C Szymczak, Milan Mrksich, Neda Bagheri
Emerging peptide array technologies are able to profile molecular activities within cell lysates. However, the structural diversity of peptides leads to inherent differences in peptide signal to noise ratios (S/N). These complex effects can lead to potentially unrepresentative signal intensities and can bias subsequent analyses. Within mass spectrometry-based peptide technologies, the relation between a peptide's amino acid sequence and S/N remains largely non-quantitative. To address this challenge, we present a method to quantify and analyze mass spectrometry S/N of two peptide arrays, and we use this analysis to portray quality of data and to design future arrays for SAMDI mass spectrometry...
July 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719723/de-novo-hhv-8-tumors-induced-by-rituximab-in-autoimmune-or-inflammatory-systemic-diseases
#16
Amandine Perier, Léa Savey, Anne-Geneviève Marcelin, Philippe Serve, David Saadoun, Stéphane Barete
OBJECTIVES: HHV-8, also known as Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) associated herpesvirus is involved in KS and other tumors comprising multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). Rituximab is currently used for treatment of several autoimmune or inflammatory diseases and humoral organ rejection. De novo HHV-8 induced tumors by rituximab used for autoimmune or inflammatory diseases or humoral organ rejection have not been reported. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we report clinical, virological and pathology of five HIV-negative male patients with HHV-8-induced tumors following rituximab therapy...
July 18, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719712/post-tonsillectomy-hemorrhage-rates-in-children-compared-by-surgical-technique
#17
Nicole M Reusser, Robert W Bender, Nikhil A Agrawal, James T Albright, Newton O Duncan, Joseph L Edmonds
Despite the sheer number of pediatric tonsillectomies performed in the United States annually, there is no clear consensus as to which surgical technique is superior. One way to compare surgical techniques is to study the morbidity associated with each. We report postoperative hemorrhage rates, one of the frequently encountered major adverse events, as part of a retrospective chart review across four different surgical techniques. These surgeries involved either (1) Coblation, (2) Co-blation with partial suture closure of the tonsillar fossa, (3) diathermy, or (4) partial intracapsular tonsillectomy (PIT)...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719710/conservative-management-of-postoperative-chylous-fistula-with-octreotide-and-peripheral-total-parenteral-nutrition
#18
Jason Y Chan, Eddy W Wong, S K Ng, C Andrew van Hasselt, Alexander C Vlantis
Postoperative chylous fistula after neck dissection is an uncommon complication associated with significant patient morbidity. Octreotide acetate is a somatostatin analogue established in the treatment of chylothorax; however, its utility in the management of cervical chylous fistulae has not been fully evaluated. The investigators hypothesized that chylous fistula can be managed by a combination of octreotide and peripheral total parenteral nutrition (TPN). A retrospective review of cases compiled at our institution from 2009 to 2015 was conducted...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719708/plasmablade-vs-cold-dissection-tonsillectomy-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-controlled-study-in-adults
#19
Rasim Yilmazer, Zahide Mine Yazici, Meliksah Balta, Ibrahim Erdim, Omer Erdur, Fatma Tulin Kayhan
We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical study to compare the efficacy and safety of the PlasmaBlade device and cold dissection for adult tonsillectomy. Our study group was made up of 20 patients-12 men and 8 women, aged 18 to 50 years (mean: 27.1)-who were undergoing a bilateral tonsillectomy. Each patient had one randomly chosen tonsil removed by the PlasmaBlade and the other by cold instrumentation. We compared the duration of surgery, the amount of intraoperative blood loss, the number of sutures required, the status of tonsillar fossa wound healing at 7 and 14 days postoperatively, the amount of postoperative pain, and postoperative complications...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719707/community-triage-of-otology-patients-using-a-store-and-forward-telemedicine-device-a-feasibility-study
#20
Nishi Gupta, Neeraj Chawla, Digant Gupta, Nidhi Dhawan, Vidya R Janaki
Chronic otitis media is a major contributor to acquired hearing loss in developing countries. Developing countries such as India, with huge populations and poor health infrastructures, have always felt the shortage of trained specialists who can provide quality care to meet the enormous demand for treatment of this disease. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of empowering trained health workers equipped with ENTraview, a store-and-forward telemedicine device that integrates a camera- enabled smart phone with an otoscope...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
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