keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mood disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535448/bipolar-postpartum-depression-an-update-and-recommendations
#1
REVIEW
Verinder Sharma, Minakshi Doobay, Christine Baczynski
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years there has been a surge of interest in the study of bipolar postpartum depression (PPD); however, questions remain about its prevalence, screening, clinical features, and treatment. METHODS: Three electronic databases, MEDLINE/PubMed (1966-2016), PsycINFO (1806-2016), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, were searched using a combination of the keywords bipolar, depression, postpartum, peripartum, prevalence, screening, diagnosis, treatment, drugs, and psychotherapy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535407/a-prospective-study-of-bipolar-disorder-vulnerability-in-relation-to-behavioural-activation-behavioural-inhibition-and-dysregulation-of-the-behavioural-activation-system
#2
R C Dempsey, P A Gooding, S H Jones
BACKGROUND: The weak regulation, or "dysregulation", of the Behavioural Activation System (BAS) is implicated in the development and recurrence of bipolar disorder. However, there has been a lack of prospective studies investigating the predictive role of BAS dysregulation in relation to bipolar-vulnerability. Furthermore, no studies have tested the prospective predictive utility of the DYS self-report measure of BAS dysregulation in an analogue sample. The goal of the current study was to redress this gap...
March 31, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534656/early-development-in-rett-syndrome-the-benefits-and-difficulties-of-a-birth-cohort-approach
#3
Peter B Marschik, Sanne Lemcke, Christa Einspieler, Dajie Zhang, Sven Bölte, Gillian S Townend, Marlene B Lauritsen
PURPOSES: Typically, early (pre-diagnostic) development in individuals later diagnosed with Rett syndrome (RTT) has been investigated retrospectively using parent reports, medical records and analysis of home videos. In recent years, prospective research designs have been increasingly applied to the investigation of early development in individuals with late phenotypical onset disorders, for example, autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: In this study, data collected by the Danish National Birth Cohort lent itself to prospective exploration of the early development of RTT, in particular early motor-, speech-language, and socio-communicative behaviors, mood, and sleep...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534301/effects-of-acetyl-l-carnitine-in-diabetic-neuropathy-and-other-geriatric-disorders
#4
REVIEW
G Sergi, S Pizzato, F Piovesan, C Trevisan, N Veronese, E Manzato
A long history of diabetes mellitus and increasing age are associated with the onset of diabetic neuropathy, a painful and highly disabling complication with a prevalence peaking at 50% among elderly diabetic patients. Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) is a molecule derived from the acetylation of carnitine in the mitochondria that has an essential role in energy production. It has recently been proposed as a therapy to improve the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. ALC is widely distributed in mammalian tissues, including the brain, blood-brain barrier, brain neurons, and astrocytes...
May 22, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534048/the-first-report-of-cadasil-in-peru-olfactory-dysfunction-on-initial-presentation
#5
Anastasia Vishnevetsky, Miguel Inca-Martinez, Karina Milla-Neyra, Danny Moises Barrientos-Iman, Ivan Cornejo-Herrera, Carlos Cosentino, Mario Cornejo-Olivas
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a rare, heritable, small vessel vascular disease caused by mutations in the Notch3 gene that is characterized by migraines, subcortical vascular events, cognitive decline, and mood disturbances. However, many CADASIL cases present with unusual symptoms such as status epilepticus, a movement disorder, or sensory dysfunction. This study describes the clinical, genetic, and radiologic characteristics of a Peruvian family with CADASIL in which multiple family members presented with severe olfactory deficits...
December 2016: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533888/neuroprotective-effects-of-melatonin-administration-against-chronic-immobilization-stress-in-rats
#6
Asmaa Ms Gomaa, Heba M Galal, Amal T Abou-Elgait
Chronic stress can impair brain functions and play a well-known role in the development of stress-related disorders such as anxiety. Melatonin (Mel) is a neurohormone which regulate several physiological processes including mood and behavior. This experimental study was designed to evaluate the effect of Mel on chronic immobilization stress (CIS) for 6 weeks in rats and to elucidate its possible underlying mechanisms. Twenty-eight adult male Wistar albino rats were divided into four equal groups: the control group, the Mel-treated group which was injected daily with Mel (10 mg/kg/day; IP) for 6 weeks, the stressed group which was subjected to CIS protocol daily for 6 weeks, and the Mel-treated stressed group which was injected with Mel and concurrently exposed to CIS protocol for 6 weeks...
2017: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533148/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-right-dorsal-lateral-prefrontal-cortex-in-the-treatment-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-sham-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Dancho Dilkov, Emily R Hawken, Emil Kaludiev, Roumen Milev
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of people with GAD fail to respond to first-line pharmacotherapies for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), partly due to poor treatment compliance rates and partly due to the complex physiology underlying GAD. Thus, new non-invasive techniques, like repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are being investigated. METHODS: Participants were recruited from two different mood disorder sites: Kingston, Ontario, Canada and Sofia, Bulgaria...
May 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533042/-social-and-mood-enhancement-benefits-of-a-cognitive-remediation-workshop
#8
Karine Auffret, Céline Jacolot
A workshop focused on memory aimed at people with degenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease can evolve into a social-therapeutic group for people also suffering from mood disorders. Cognitive remediation is therefore orientated towards social-mood mediation.
May 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532905/choreatic-side-effects-of-deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-anteromedial-subthalamic-nucleus-for-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-case-report
#9
A E P Mulders, A F G Leentjens, K Schruers, A Duits, L Ackermans, Y Temel
BACKGROUND: Patients with treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are potential candidates for deep brain stimulation (DBS). The anteromedial subthalamic nucleus (STN) is amongst the most commonly used targets for DBS in OCD. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a patient with a 30-year history of treatment-resistant OCD who underwent anteromedial STN-DBS. Despite a clear mood-enhancing effect, stimulation caused motor side-effects including bilateral hyperkinesia, dyskinesias and sudden large amplitude choreatic movements of arms and legs when stimulating at voltages above circa 1...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532711/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-new-onset-epilepsy-should-they-be-always-investigated
#10
REVIEW
Andres M Kanner
The new definition of epilepsy establishes that epilepsy is not only a disorder presenting with epileptic seizures but it can be often associated with cognitive and psychiatric comorbidities. In fact, the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities is relatively high in patients with epilepsy (PWE), as one in three patients will have experienced a psychiatric disorder in the course of their life, with mood and anxiety disorders being the most frequent. Psychiatric comorbidities often precede the onset of the seizure disorder, and affect the life of these patients and the course of the seizure disorder at several levels, including a worse tolerance of pharmacotherapy with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), in particular the development of iatrogenic psychiatric symptoms from pharmacologic and surgical treatments, an increased mortality risk, a worse quality of life and higher economic burdens of the patient, family and society as a hole...
April 14, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532221/antiphospholipid-antibodies-are-associated-with-positive-screening-for-common-mental-disorders-in-women-with-previous-pregnancy-loss-the-noha-psy-observational-study
#11
Jean-Christophe Gris, Fabienne Cyprien, Sylvie Bouvier, Eva Cochery-Nouvellon, Géraldine Lavigne-Lissalde, Erick Mercier, Jean-Pierre Balducchi
OBJECTIVE: Case reports describe neuropsychiatric manifestations associated with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPlAbs). In patients sharing the same symptoms fulfilling the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) clinical criteria, the prevalence of common mental disorders has however never been studied. METHOD: We observed women with three consecutive abortions before the 10(th) week of gestation or one fetal loss at or beyond the 10(th) week. We compared the prevalence of common psychiatric disorders detected through screening using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, 10 years after inclusion, in women with APS (n = 506), women negative for aPlAbs but carrying the F5rs6025 or F2rs1799963 thrombogenic polymorphism (n = 269), and women with negative thrombophilia screening results as controls (n = 764)...
May 22, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531873/randomized-control-trial-investigating-the-efficacy-of-a-computer-based-intolerance-of-uncertainty-intervention
#12
Mary E Oglesby, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is an important transdiagnostic variable within various anxiety and mood disorders. Theory suggests that individuals high in IU interpret ambiguous information in a more threatening manner. A parallel line of research has shown that interpretive biases can be modified through cognitive training and previous research aimed at modifying negative interpretations through Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM-I) has yielded promising results. Despite these findings, no research to date has examined the efficacy of an IU-focused CBM-I paradigm...
May 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531836/trauma-exposure-incident-psychiatric-disorders-and-disorder-transitions-in-a-longitudinal-population-representative-sample
#13
Kate Walsh, Katie A McLaughlin, Ava Hamilton, Katherine M Keyes
Heterotypic continuity, whereby individuals transition from one disorder to another, is common; however, longitudinal studies examining transdiagnostic predictors of heterotypic continuity are lacking. The current study examined whether trauma exposure during childhood (maltreatment) and adulthood (interpersonal and non-interpersonal trauma) is associated with heterotypic continuity in a national sample. Men and women (N = 34,653) who participated in Waves 1 (2001-2002) and 2 (2004-2005) of the National Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) completed face-to-face interviews about trauma exposure and psychopathology...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529805/physical-activity-modulates-common-neuroplasticity-substrates-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Cristy Phillips
Mood disorders (MDs) are chronic, recurrent mental diseases that affect millions of individuals worldwide. Although the biogenic amine model has provided some clinical utility, a need remains to better understand the interrelated mechanisms that contribute to neuroplasticity deficits in MDs and the means by which various therapeutics mitigate them. Of those therapeutics being investigated, physical activity (PA) has shown clear and consistent promise. Accordingly, the aims of this review are to (1) explicate key modulators, processes, and interactions that impinge upon multiple susceptibility points to effectuate neuroplasticity deficits in MDs; (2) explore the putative mechanisms by which PA mitigates these features; (3) review protocols used to induce the positive effects of PA in MDs; and (4) highlight implications for clinicians and researchers...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529394/positive-emotion-specificity-and-mood-symptoms-in-an-adolescent-outpatient-sample
#15
June Gruber, Anna Van Meter, Kirsten E Gilbert, Eric A Youngstrom, Jennifer Kogos Youngstrom, Norah C Feeny, Robert L Findling
Research on positive emotion disturbance has gained increasing attention, yet it is not clear which specific positive emotions are affected by mood symptoms, particularly during the critical period of adolescence. This is especially pertinent for identifying potential endophenotypic markers associated with mood disorder onset and course. The present study examined self-reported discrete positive and negative emotions in association with clinician-rated manic and depressive mood symptoms in a clinically and demographically diverse group of 401 outpatient adolescents between 11-18 years of age...
June 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529360/twelve-month-prevalence-and-treatment-gap-for-common-mental-disorders-findings-from-a-large-scale-epidemiological-survey-in-india
#16
Rajesh Sagar, Raman Deep Pattanayak, R Chandrasekaran, Pranit K Chaudhury, Balbir S Deswal, R K Lenin Singh, Savita Malhotra, S Haque Nizamie, Bharat N Panchal, T P Sudhakar, J K Trivedi, Mathew Varghese, Jagdish Prasad, Somnath Chatterji
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders, such as mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders, are significant contributors to disability globally, including India. Available research is, however, limited by methodological issues and heterogeneities. AIM: The present paper focuses on the 12-month prevalence and 12-month treatment for anxiety, mood, and substance use disorders in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative, in India, the study was conducted at eleven sites...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528244/heart-rate-variability-of-chronic-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-korean-veterans
#17
Joo Eon Park, Ji Yeon Lee, Suk-Hoon Kang, Jin Hee Choi, Tae Yong Kim, Hyung Seok So, In-Young Yoon
Patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have lower heart rate variability (HRV) than the general population, but findings in this area have been inconsistent. This study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of HRV in patients with PTSD and to evaluate associations between PTSD symptoms and HRV indices. Sixty-eight patients with PTSD and 73 controls without PTSD were evaluated. HRV was measured in all subjects after they completed self-reported questionnaires. Patients with PTSD had significantly more depressed moods, anxiety, and poorer sleep quality than individuals in the non-PTSD group...
May 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528241/peripheral-zinc-and-neopterin-concentrations-are-associated-with-mood-severity-in-bipolar-disorder-in-a-gender-specific-manner
#18
Caitlin E Millett, Dahlia Mukherjee, Aubrey Reider, Adem Can, Maureen Groer, Dietmar Fuchs, Teodor T Postolache, Shannon L Kelleher, Erika F H Saunders
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a recurrent, episodic mood disorder for which there are no current diagnostic, prognostic or theranostic biomarkers. Two peripheral markers of the acute phase immune response, zinc and neopterin, are consistently associated with severity of depression in literature. Given gender differences in clinical presentation of BD and in inflammatory processes, we aimed to explore the interaction between gender and immune biomarkers to predict mood severity in BD. Participants with DSM IV BD I and II were recruited through the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute during an acute mood episode...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528079/the-lateral-habenula-and-the-serotonergic-system
#19
REVIEW
Martin Metzger, Debora Bueno, Leandro B Lima
The habenula (Hb) is an epithalamic structure differentiated into two nuclear complexes, medial (MHb) and lateral habenula (LHb). After decades of relative neglect, interest in the Hb resurged when it was demonstrated that LHb neurons play a key role in encoding disappointments and expectation of punishments. Consistent with such a role, the LHb has been implicated in a broad array of functions and pathologic conditions, notably in mechanisms of stress and pain, as well as in the pathophysiology of mood disorders...
May 17, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527694/voluntary-wheel-running-ameliorates-depression-like-behaviors-and-brain-blood-oxygen-level-dependent-signals-in-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-mice
#20
Peng Huang, Zhaoyang Dong, Weiliang Huang, Chuying Zhou, Weichao Zhong, Peiqian Hu, Ge Wen, Xuegang Sun, Heyu Hua, Huihui Cao, Lei Gao, Zhiping Lv
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has been long recognized for its therapeutic effects on depressive disorders, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In the study, we investigated whether the physical exercise by voluntary wheel running (VWR) alters depression-like behaviors and its impact on brain blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signals in mice. METHODS: Adult male C57BL/6 mice were assigned to one of the following groups; (1) no exercise control (noEx), housed in a standard cage; (2) exercise (Ex), 2hours/day in a running wheel apparatus; (3) chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), which was imitating adult stress; and (4) CUMS+Ex...
May 17, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
keyword
keyword
724
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"