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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527349/maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-pregnancy-associated-melanoma-report-of-two-cases-and-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Elsa Mendizábal, Juan De León-Luis, Natalia R Gómez-Hidalgo, Laura Joigneau, Pilar Pintado, Patricia Rincón, Virginia Ortega, Santiago Lizarraga
OBJETIVES: Melanoma is one of the most frequent malignancies during gestation. However, oncological and perinatal management is still challenging. Our first objective is to describe the cases of pregnancy-associated melanoma (PAM) diagnosed in our centre between January-2004 and May-2015. Secondly, to perform a systematic review of the published articles analysing the maternal-perinatal outcomes of patients diagnosed with PAM. DESIGN, POPULATION AND METHODS: Obstetrical, oncological and perinatal variables were recorded in the case series...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526672/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-e-mental-health-interventions-to-treat-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#2
Sara Simblett, Jennifer Birch, Faith Matcham, Lidia Yaguez, Robin Morris
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a stress disorder characterized by unwanted intrusive re-experiencing of an acutely distressing, often life-threatening, event, combined with symptoms of hyperarousal, avoidance, as well as negative thoughts and feelings. Evidence-based psychological interventions have been developed to treat these symptoms and reduce distress, the majority of which were designed to be delivered face-to-face with trained therapists. However, new developments in the use of technology to supplement and extend health care have led to the creation of e-Mental Health interventions...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525887/an-updated-meta-analysis-of-amantadine-for-treating-dyskinesia-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Min Kong, Maowen Ba, Chao Ren, Ling Yu, Shengjie Dong, Guoping Yu, Hui Liang
In recent years, a few of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about amantadine for treating dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease (PD) were completed. Here, we conducted a systematic literature review about the clinical research to provide the updated evidence for treating dyskinesia. Electronic search of Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and other databases up to May 2016 for relevant studies was performed. We selected the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale IV (UPDRS IV) and Dyskinesia Rating Scales (DRS) as efficacy outcomes of amantadine on dyskinesia...
May 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525385/do-histological-variants-in-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-portend-poor-prognosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Qingke Chen, Lei Li, Gongxian Wang, Jieping Hu, Ting Sun, Bin Fu
The clinical implications of histological variants in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder has been a subject of significant controversy with many unanswered questions that remain. To clarify whether histological variants presage poor prognosis for patients suffering from urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, we scoured through various electronic databases such as Medline, Web of Knowledge, and the Cochrane Library up to August 18, 2016. Experts were consulted, and references from relevant articles were scanned...
May 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524930/nutrition-support-in-hospitalised-adults-at-nutritional-risk
#6
REVIEW
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Steven Kwasi Korang, Kirstine Halberg Engell, Marie Skøtt Nielsen, Kang Zhang, Maria Didriksen, Lisbeth Lund, Niklas Lindahl, Sara Hallum, Ning Liang, Wenjing Xiong, Xuemei Yang, Pernille Brunsgaard, Alexandre Garioud, Sanam Safi, Jane Lindschou, Jens Kondrup, Christian Gluud, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in Western European hospitals is estimated to be about 30%. There is no consensus whether poor nutritional status causes poorer clinical outcome or if it is merely associated with it. The intention with all forms of nutrition support is to increase uptake of essential nutrients and improve clinical outcome. Previous reviews have shown conflicting results with regard to the effects of nutrition support. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of nutrition support versus no intervention, treatment as usual, or placebo in hospitalised adults at nutritional risk...
May 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524837/complications-following-radiofrequency-ablation-of-benign-thyroid-nodules-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Jin-Fen Wang, Tao Wu, Kun-Peng Hu, Wen Xu, Bo-Wen Zheng, Ge Tong, Zhi-Cheng Yao, Bo Liu, Jie Ren
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review examined whether radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a safe treatment modality for benign thyroid nodules (BTNs). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library database were searched for articles that (a) targeted human beings and (b) had a study population with BTNs that were confirmed by fine-needle aspiration cytology and/or core needle biopsy. STUDY SELECTION: Thirty-two studies relating to 3409 patients were included in this systematic review...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524365/revision-of-the-competency-standards-for-occupational-therapy-driver-assessors-an-overview-of-the-evidence-for-the-inclusion-of-cognitive-and-perceptual-assessments-within-fitness-to-drive-evaluations
#8
REVIEW
Sally M Fields, Carolyn A Unsworth
BACKGROUND/AIM: Determination of fitness-to-drive after illness or injury is a complex process typically requiring a comprehensive driving assessment, including off-road and on-road assessment components. The competency standards for occupational therapy driver assessors (Victoria, Australia) define the requirements for performance of a comprehensive driving assessment, and we are currently revising these. Assessment of cognitive and perceptual skills forms an important part of the off-road assessment...
May 19, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523370/use-of-tolvaptan-vs-furosemide-in-older-patients-with-heart-failure-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
W-L Huang, Y Yang, J Yang, J Yang, H-B Wang, X-L Xiong, Y-F Zhang
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether older patients with acute heart failure (HF) receiving tolvaptan have decreased mortality rates and a better long-term prognosis than patients who receive furosemide. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to address this issue. METHODS: The Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for English-language RCTs published before September 2016 comparing tolvaptan with furosemide treatment in older patients (>65 years old) after acute HF...
May 18, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523363/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-laparoscopic-mesh-versus-suture-repair-of-hiatus-hernia-objective-and-subjective-outcomes
#10
Chao Zhang, Diangang Liu, Fei Li, David I Watson, Xiang Gao, Jan H Koetje, Tao Luo, Chao Yan, Xing Du, Zhonggao Wang
BACKGROUND: Hiatus hernia (HH) contributes to the pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Mesh-augmentation of surgical repair might be associated with a reduced risk of recurrence and GERD. However, recurrence rates, mesh-associated complications and quality of life (QOL) after mesh versus suture repair are debated. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine HH recurrence following mesh-augmentation versus suture repair. Secondary aims were to compare complications, mortality, QOL and GERD symptoms following different repair techniques...
May 18, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523127/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-hifu-ablation-of-benign-thyroid-nodules-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Brian Hung-Hin Lang, Arnold L H Wu
BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of imaging studies being done nowadays, the number of incidentally discovered thyroid nodules is expected to rise. Although many of these nodules are small and benign in nature, some do grow and may cause pressure and/or thyrotoxic symptoms. Surgical resection has traditionally been recommended for symptomatic nodules but is associated with risk of hypothyroidism, bleeding, infection, and nerve damage. High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is one of the non-surgical thermal ablation techniques that may serve as an alternative in the treatment of benign thyroid nodules...
2017: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522928/systematic-review-of-open-versus-laparoscopic-versus-robot-assisted-nephroureterectomy
#12
Emma Mullen, Kamran Ahmed, Ben Challacombe
Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is a relatively uncommon malignancy. The gold standard treatment for this type of neoplasm is an open radical nephroureterectomy with excision of the bladder cuff. This systematic review compares the perioperative and oncologic outcomes for the open surgical method with the alternative surgical management options of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and robot-assisted nephroureterectomy (RANU). MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases were searched using a sensitive search strategy...
2017: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522141/venous-to-arterial-carbon-dioxide-difference-in-the-resuscitation-of-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-a-systematic-review
#13
J J Diaztagle Fernández, J C Rodríguez Murcia, J J Sprockel Díaz
INTRODUCTION: The way to assess tissue perfusion during the resuscitation of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock is a current subject of research and debate. Venous oxygen saturation and lactate concentration have been the most frequently used criteria, though they involve known limitations. The venous-to-arterial difference of carbon dioxide (pCO2 delta) is a parameter than can be used to indicate tissue perfusion, and its determination therefore may be useful in these patients...
May 15, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521963/does-local-delivery-of-bisphosphonates-influence-the-osseointegration-of-titanium-implants-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
M B Guimarães, T H Antes, M B Dolacio, D D Pereira, M Marquezan
The aim of this study was to systematically review the influence of the local delivery of bisphosphonates on the osseointegration of titanium implants in humans. A search of health sciences databases was performed (The Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, and SIGLE OpenGrey), including articles published until October 2016. A total of 679 articles were identified. Following the removal of duplicates, 278 were screened by title and abstract. The complete texts of seven studies were read, and of these, three met the inclusion criteria...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521801/why-are-some-people-more-fit-than-others-correlates-and-determinants-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#15
Nita Perumal, Gert B M Mensink, Thomas Keil, Jonas David Finger
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a physical condition that is now well established as a predictor of numerous adverse health outcomes, independent of physical activity levels. In order to be able to improve CRF at the population level and to develop effective interventions and public health programmes, it is important to understand why some people are more fit than others. Therefore, the primary aim of the systematic review described in this protocol is to examine individual and interpersonal factors that are correlated with or determine CRF among adults...
May 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521551/systematic-reviews-published-in-the-cochrane-library-january-march-2017
#16
Phillip J Wiffen
The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is now only published monthly online ( http://www.thecochranelibrary.com ). The methods for searching have changed and are in flux. This report attempted to identify all relevant reviews published in the last 3 months to March 30, 2017. The current version contains 7243 complete reviews and 2544 protocols for reviews in production. In addition, there are citations of 1,036,153 randomized controlled trials (first time passing the million mark) and 15,700 cited papers in the Cochrane Methodology Register...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521197/association-of-%C3%AE-3-adrenergic-receptor-rs4994-polymorphisms-with-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Jin Ah Ryuk, Xin Zhang, Byoung-Seob Ko, James W Daily, Sunmin Park
AIM: The association of ADRB3 polymorphism with the risk of T2DM remains unclear perhaps due to different ethnicities and small study sizes. We systemically evaluated the association of β3-adrenergic receptor(ADRB3)rs4994 and type 2 diabetes(T2DM) by pooling all of the case-control studies reported, and also elucidated the association according to the ethnicity and obesity of the subjects. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Korean scientific database, Chinese medical databases, and the Indian medical database to identify eligible studies for determining the association of ADRB3 rs4994 and T2DM risk...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516869/recommendations-for-infectious-disease-screening-in-migrants-to-western-europe-with-inflammatory-arthropathies-before-starting-biologic-agents-results-from-a-multidisciplinary-task-force-of-four-european-societies-sir-ser-simet-semtsi-facing-the-lar
#18
Filippo Bartalesi, Carlo Scirè, Ana Requena-Méndez, Miguel Angel Abad, Dora Buonfrate, Roberto Caporali, Fabrizio Conti, Federico Diaz-Gonzalez, Cruz Fernández-Espartero, Carmen Martinez-Fernandez, Marta Mascarello, Elena Generali, Giovanni Minisola, Aldo Morrone, Jose Muñoz, Patricia Richi, Gariffalia Sakellariou, Joaquin Salas Coronas, Michele Spinicci, Francesco Castelli, Alessandro Bartoloni, Zeno Bisoffi, Francisco Gimenez-Sanchez, Santiago Muñoz-Fernandez, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory arthritis needs infectious disease screening before starting a biologic agent, however, few data are known about migrant patients, who represent a peculiar population which requires a multidisciplinary approach among international health specialists and should also be considered by health authorities. For this reason, the Italian and Spanish Societies of Rheumatology (SIR and SER) and Tropical Medicine (SIMET and SEMTSI) promoted a multidisciplinary task force in order to produce specific recommendations about screening and advices to be considered in migrant patients with inflammatory arthritis candidate to receive biological therapy, according to their geographical origin...
May 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516472/nasal-decontamination-for-the-prevention-of-surgical-site-infection-in-staphylococcus-aureus-carriers
#19
REVIEW
Zhenmi Liu, Gill Norman, Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor, Jason Kf Wong, Emma J Crosbie, Peter Wilson
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection rates in the month following surgery vary from 1% to 5%. Due to the large number of surgical procedures conducted annually, the costs of these surgical site infections (SSIs) can be considerable in financial and social terms. Nasal decontamination using antibiotics or antiseptics is performed to reduce the risk of SSIs by preventing organisms from the nasal cavity being transferred to the skin where a surgical incision will be made. Staphylococcus aureus (S aureus) colonises the nasal cavity and skin of carriers and can cause infection in open or unhealed surgical wounds...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516372/does-thyroid-dysfunction-increase-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Y Fang, L Yao, J Sun, R Yang, Y Chen, J Tian, K Yang, L Tian
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid hormone replacement, and the risk of breast cancer. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science, and China Biology Medicine (CBM) databases through June 2016 to identify researches that assessed the relationship between thyroid dysfunction and the risk of breast cancer together with the impact of thyroid hormone substitution treatment on incidence of breast cancer...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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