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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930801/findings-from-the-national-machine-guarding-program-safety-climate-hazard-assessment-and-safety-leadership-in-small-metal-fabrication-businesses
#1
David L Parker, Samuel Yamin, Min Xi, Robert Gordon, Ivan Most, Rod Stanley
OBJECTIVES: This manuscript assesses safety climate data from the National Machine Guarding Program (NMGP)-a nationwide intervention to improve machine safety. METHODS: Baseline safety climate surveys were completed by 2161 employees and 341 owners or managers at 115 businesses. A separate onsite audit of safety management practices and machine guarding equipment was conducted at each business. RESULTS: Safety climate measures were not correlated with machine guarding or safety management practices...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930638/use-of-telehealth-for-health-care-of-indigenous-peoples-with-chronic-conditions-a-systematic-review
#2
Sarah Fraser, Tamara Mackean, Julian Grant, Kate Hunter, Kurt Towers, Rebecca Ivers
INTRODUCTION: Telehealth may be a cost effective modality in healthcare delivery, but how well used or how appropriate it is for the care of Indigenous peoples is unclear. This review examines the evidence for telehealth in facilitating chronic conditions management with Indigenous peoples. METHODS: Databases were systematically searched for qualitative or quantitative primary research studies that investigated telehealth use for chronic conditions management with Indigenous peoples worldwide...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930591/lipoprotein-a-and-cardiovascular-disease-current-state-and-future-directions-for-an-enigmatic-lipoprotein
#3
Anum Saeed, Salim S Virani
Lipoprotein (a) (Lp (a)) is a complex polymorphic lipoprotein. Although structurally similar to low-density lipoprotein, Lp(a) has a glycoprotein, apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)), attached to the apolipoprotein B-100 component. Several unique properties of Lp(a) can be attributed to the presence of apo(a). Several decades of research has improved our understanding of the structure, biochemistry, and pathophysiology of Lp(a) associated diseases. Genetic, epidemiological, and translational data indicate that elevated Lp(a) levels are likely in the causal pathway for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases as well as calcification of the aortic valves...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930104/liver-transplantation-in-the-obese-cirrhotic-patient
#4
Erin K Spengler, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Helen S Te, Shari Rogal, Anjana A Pillai, Abdullah Al-Osaimi, Archita Desai, James N Fleming, Daniel Ganger, Anil Seetharam, Georgios Tsoulfas, Martin Montenovo, Jennifer C Lai
Despite the rapidly increasing prevalence of obesity in the transplant population, the optimal management of obese liver transplant candidates remains undefined. Setting strict body mass index cutoffs for transplant candidacy remains controversial, with limited data to guide this practice. Body mass index is an imperfect measure of surgical risk in this population, partly due to volume overload and variable visceral adiposity. Weight loss before transplantation may be beneficial, but it remains important to avoid protein calorie malnutrition and sarcopenia...
October 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929570/impacts-of-human-induced-environmental-change-in-wetlands-on-aquatic-animals
#5
Michael Sievers, Robin Hale, Kirsten M Parris, Stephen E Swearer
Many wetlands harbour highly diverse biological communities and provide extensive ecosystem services; however, these important ecological features are being altered, degraded and destroyed around the world. Despite a wealth of research on how animals respond to anthropogenic changes to natural wetlands and how they use created wetlands, we lack a broad synthesis of these data. While some altered wetlands may provide vital habitat, others could pose a considerable risk to wildlife. This risk will be heightened if such wetlands are ecological traps - preferred habitats that confer lower fitness than another available habitat...
September 19, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929091/thrombosis-of-the-abdominal-veins-in-childhood
#6
REVIEW
Riten Kumar, Bryce A Kerlin
Abdominal venous thrombosis is a rare form of venous thromboembolic disease in children. While mortality rates are low, a significant proportion of affected children may suffer long-term morbidity. Additionally, given the infrequency of these thrombi, there is lack of stringent research data and evidence-based treatment guidelines. Nonetheless, pediatric hematologists and other subspecialists are likely to encounter these problems in practice. This review is therefore intended to provide a useful guide on the clinical diagnosis and management of children with these rare forms of venous thromboembolic disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929009/meta-analysis-of-biomarkers-for-severe-dengue-infections
#7
Kuan-Meng Soo, Bahariah Khalid, Siew-Mooi Ching, Chau Ling Tham, Rusliza Basir, Hui-Yee Chee
BACKGROUND: Dengue viral infection is an acute infection that has the potential to have severe complications as its major sequela. Currently, there is no routine laboratory biomarker with which to predict the severity of dengue infection or monitor the effectiveness of standard management. Hence, this meta-analysis compared biomarker levels between dengue fever (DF) and severe dengue infections (SDI) to identify potential biomarkers for SDI. METHODS: Data concerning levels of cytokines, chemokines, and other potential biomarkers of DF, dengue hemorrhagic fever, dengue shock syndrome, and severe dengue were obtained for patients of all ages and populations using the Scopus, PubMed, and Ovid search engines...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928183/assessing-the-extent-of-drug-interactions-among-patients-with-multimorbidity-in-primary-and-secondary-care-in-the-west-midlands-uk-a-study-protocol-for-the-mixed-methods-multimorbidity-study-mimms
#8
Ruth Backman, Philip Weber, Alice M Turner, Mark Lee, Ian Litchfield
INTRODUCTION: The numbers of patients with three or more chronic conditions (multimorbidity) are increasing, and will rise to 2.9 million by 2018 in the UK alone. Currently in the UK, conditions are mainly managed using over 250 sets of single-condition guidance, which has the potential to generate conflicting recommendations for lifestyle and concurrent medication for individual patients with more than one condition. To address some of these issues, we are developing a new computer-based tool to help manage these patients more effectively...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927701/an-epileptologist-s-view-seizure-related-outcomes-after-radiofrequency-ablation-for-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#9
REVIEW
Zdeněk Vojtěch, Michaela Stará
In this article, we provide an overview of the reasons for the introduction of less invasive treatment modalities in the management of intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). We summarize our published research on stereotactic amygdalohippocampectomy (SAHE) and recalculate our data for the patients' last visit. In our previous work, we found that patients achieved long-term seizure-free outcomes in 70.5%. Re-analysis of results in a subgroup of patient who were diagnosed and followed-up at Epilepsy Center, Na Homolce Hospital, Prague, indicate that these outcomes are durable...
September 12, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927443/towards-achieving-semantic-interoperability-of-clinical-study-data-with-fhir
#10
Hugo Leroux, Alejandro Metke-Jimenez, Michael J Lawley
BACKGROUND: Observational clinical studies play a pivotal role in advancing medical knowledge and patient healthcare. To lessen the prohibitive costs of conducting these studies and support evidence-based medicine, results emanating from these studies need to be shared and compared to one another. Current approaches for clinical study management have limitations that prohibit the effective sharing of clinical research data. METHODS: The objective of this paper is to present a proposal for a clinical study architecture to not only facilitate the communication of clinical study data but also its context so that the data that is being communicated can be unambiguously understood at the receiving end...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927428/current-status-of-insecticide-resistance-among-malaria-vectors-in-kenya
#11
Benyl M Ondeto, Christopher Nyundo, Luna Kamau, Simon M Muriu, Joseph M Mwangangi, Kiambo Njagi, Evan M Mathenge, Horace Ochanda, Charles M Mbogo
BACKGROUND: Insecticide resistance has emerged as one of the major challenges facing National Malaria Control Programmes in Africa. A well-coordinated national database on insecticide resistance (IRBase) can facilitate the development of effective strategies for managing insecticide resistance and sustaining the effectiveness of chemical-based vector control measures. The aim of this study was to assemble a database on the current status of insecticide resistance among malaria vectors in Kenya...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927228/management-of-chronic-pain-through-pain-management-programmes
#12
I R Wilson
Introduction: Chronic pain carries significant impact and is difficult to treat with limited success. Pain management programmes (PMPs) use cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based multidisciplinary rehabilitative approaches to drive functional improvement. Sources of data: A search was conducted using Medline and the Cochrane Library to identify published literature about PMPs or CBT to treat chronic pain. Areas of agreement: PMPs have significant benefit on functioning for some patients but relatively little impact on the pain...
September 13, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927181/relationship-of-depression-screening-in-cardiometabolic-disease-with-vascular-events-and-mortality-findings-from-a-large-primary-care-cohort-with-4-years-follow-up
#13
Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Charles Boachie, Colin McCowan, Sarah J E Barry, Jonathan Cavanagh, Frances S Mair
Aims: Benefits of routine depression screening for cardiometabolic disease patients remain unclear. We examined the association between depression screening and all-cause mortality and vascular events in cardiometabolic disease patients. Methods and results: 125 143 patients with cardiometabolic diseases (coronary heart disease, diabetes or previous stroke) in the UK participated in primary care chronic disease management in 2008/09, which included depression screening using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926940/stress-exposure-and-physical-mental-and-behavioral-health-among-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Melissa L Walls, Kelley J Sittner, Benjamin D Aronson, Angie K Forsberg, Les B Whitbeck, Mustafa al'Absi
American Indian (AI) communities experience disproportionate exposure to stressors and health inequities including type 2 diabetes. Yet, we know little about the role of psychosocial stressors for AI diabetes-related health outcomes. We investigated associations between a range of stressors and psychological, behavioral, and physical health for AIs with diabetes. This community-based participatory research with 5 AI tribes includes 192 AI adult type 2 diabetes patients recruited from clinical records at tribal clinics...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926811/towards-better-monitoring-of-technology-critical-elements-in-europe-coupling-of-natural-and-anthropogenic-cycles
#15
Philip Nuss, Gian Andrea Blengini
The characterization of elemental cycles has a rich history in biogeochemistry. Well known examples include the global carbon cycle, or the cycles of the 'grand nutrients' nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. More recently, efforts have increased to better understand the natural cycling of technology critical elements (TCEs), i.e. elements with a high supply risk and economic importance in the EU. On the other hand, tools such as material-flow analysis (MFA) can help to understand how substances and goods are transported and accumulated in man-made technological systems ('anthroposphere')...
September 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926808/active-pharmaceutical-ingredients-entering-the-aquatic-environment-from-wastewater-treatment-works-a-cause-for-concern
#16
Sean Comber, Mike Gardner, Pernilla Sörme, Dean Leverett, Brian Ellor
This work reports on the variation in wastewater treatment works (WwTW) influent concentrations of a wide variety of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), their removal efficiency, effluent concentrations and potential risks to the aquatic environment. The research is based on data generated from two large UK-wide WwTW monitoring programmes. Taking account of removal of parent compound from the aqueous phase during treatment in combination with estimates of dilution available it is possible to prioritise the APIs of greatest risk of exceeding estimates of predicted no effect concentrations (PNEC) in receiving waters for all WwTW in the UK...
September 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926725/association-between-x-ray-repair-cross-complementing-group-1-xrcc1-arg399gln-polymorphism-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Mo-Qi Lv, Jin Wang, Xiao-Qing Yu, Hui-Hui Hong, Wen-Juan Ren, Pang Ge, Dang-Xia Zhou
OBJECTIVE(S): X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1(XRCC1) gene is one of the DNA repair pathway genes playing a vital role in endometriosis risk. Various studies have explored the association between them, however, the results remained inconsistent. So to confirm the association between XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism and the risk of endometriosis, a meta-analysis was conducted. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed, Web of Science, Science Director, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang Data databases were searched to identify the all relevant studies before Sep...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926617/hidden-biodiversity-in-entomological-collections-the-overlooked-co-occurrence-of-dipteran-and-hymenopteran-ant-parasitoids-in-stored-biological-material
#18
Gabriela Pérez-Lachaud, Jean-Paul Lachaud
Biological collections around the world are the repository of biodiversity on Earth; they also hold a large quantity of unsorted, unidentified, or misidentified material and can house behavioral information on species that are difficult to access or no longer available to science. Among the unsorted, alcohol-preserved material stored in the Formicidae Collection of the 'El Colegio de la Frontera Sur' Research Center (Chetumal, Mexico), we found nine colonies of the ponerine ant Neoponera villosa, that had been collected in bromeliads at Calakmul (Campeche, Mexico) in 1999...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925604/epidemiology-and-prognosis-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-utah
#19
Hari Shanmugam, Luca Brunelli, Lorenzo D Botto, Sergey Krikov, Marcia L Feldkamp
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a relatively frequent and severe malformation. Population-based data on clinical presentation and associated mortality are scarce. We examined a state-wide cohort of infants with a clinically validated diagnosis of CDH to assess their clinical profile, sociodemographic patterns, and infant mortality. METHODS: We identified CDH cases from Utah's statewide population-based surveillance program among the cohort of all pregnancy outcomes (live births, stillbirths, and pregnancy terminations) delivered from 1999 to 2011...
September 19, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#20
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
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