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Evidence base practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161254/lansoprazole-use-and-tuberculosis-incidence-in-the-united-kingdom-clinical-practice-research-datalink-a-population-based-cohort
#1
Tom A Yates, Laurie A Tomlinson, Krishnan Bhaskaran, Sinead Langan, Sara Thomas, Liam Smeeth, Ian J Douglas
BACKGROUND: Recent in vitro and animal studies have found the proton pump inhibitor (PPI) lansoprazole to be highly active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Omeprazole and pantoprazole have no activity. There is no evidence that, in clinical practice, lansoprazole can treat or prevent incident tuberculosis (TB) disease. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We studied a cohort of new users of lansoprazole, omeprazole, or pantoprazole from the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink to determine whether lansoprazole users have a lower incidence of TB disease than omeprazole or pantoprazole users...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161174/the-telescoping-phenomenon-origins-in-gender-bias-and-implications-for-contemporary-scientific-inquiry
#2
Katherine R Marks, Claire D Clark
BACKGROUND: In an article published in International Journal of the Addictions in 1989, Nick Piazza and his coauthors described "telescoping," an accelerated progression through "landmark symptoms" of alcoholism, among a sample of recovering women. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this critical analysis is to apply a feminist philosophy of science to examine the origins of the framework of telescoping research and its implications for contemporary scientific inquiry. METHODS: A feminist philosophy of science framework is outlined and applied to key source publications of telescoping literature drawn from international and United States-based peer-reviewed journals published beginning in 1952...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161170/examining-the-implementation-of-collaborative-competencies-in-a-critical-care-setting-key-challenges-for-enacting-competency-based-education
#3
Joanne Goldman, Simon Kitto, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional collaboration is recognised as an important factor in improving patient care in intensive care units (ICUs). Competency frameworks, and more specifically interprofessional competency frameworks, are a key strategy being used to support the development of attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviours needed for an interprofessional approach to care. However, evidence for the application of competencies is limited. This study aimed to extend our empirically based understanding of the significance of interprofessional competencies to actual clinical practice in an ICU...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161155/the-use-of-virtual-communities-of-practice-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-education-findings-from-an-integrated-review
#4
Clodagh McLoughlin, Kunal D Patel, Tom O'Callaghan, Scott Reeves
The recent growth in online technology has led to a rapid increase in the sharing of health related information globally. Health and social care professionals are now using a wide range of virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) for learning, support, continuing professional education, knowledge management and information sharing. In this article, we report the findings from a review of the literature that explored the use of VCoPs by health and social care professionals to determine their potential for interprofessional education and collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160977/using-evidence-based-practice-and-an-educational-intervention-to-improve-vascular-access-management-a-pilot-project
#5
Stephanie Wright
Abstract.
September 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160024/a-conceptual-framework-for-understanding-the-perspectives-on-the-causes-of-the-science-practice-gap-in-ecology-and-conservation
#6
Diana Bertuol-Garcia, Carla Morsello, Charbel N El-Hani, Renata Pardini
Applying scientific knowledge to confront societal challenges is a difficult task, an issue known as the science-practice gap. In Ecology and Conservation, scientific evidence has been seldom used directly to support decision-making, despite calls for an increasing role of ecological science in developing solutions for a sustainable future. To date, multiple causes of the science-practice gap and diverse approaches to link science and practice in Ecology and Conservation have been proposed. To foster a transparent debate and broaden our understanding of the difficulties of using scientific knowledge, we reviewed the perceived causes of the science-practice gap, aiming to: (i) identify the perspectives of ecologists and conservation scientists on this problem, (ii) evaluate the predominance of these perspectives over time and across journals, and (iii) assess them in light of disciplines studying the role of science in decision-making...
November 20, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159919/smart-phone-accessibility-and-mhealth-use-in-a-limited-resource-setting
#7
Shelby L Garner, Tanya Sudia, Spurgeon Rachaprolu
AIM: To determine smartphone access and use including future opportunities for mHealth and potential ethical implications among health care professionals practicing at a health care facility in Bengaluru, India. BACKGROUND: The evolution of smart phones can provide convenient, portable, and rapid access to resources for health care professionals. While mobile phone accessibility has improved in recent years in many low and middle-income countries, the use of smart phones to address health priorities remains limited in some limited resource settings...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159548/applicability-of-the-aaos-appropriate-use-criteria-for-distal-radius-fractures-in-surgical-practice
#8
Talal Ibrahim, Osama M S Aldahamsheh, Abdelsalam Hegazy, Hassan M K Ghomrawi
PURPOSE: The appropriate-use criteria (AUC) for distal radius fracture (DRF) was developed by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) to aid surgeons in making evidence-based treatment decisions for DRFs. The aim of our study was to cross-reference the management of operatively treated DRFs with the web-based AAOS published AUC recommendations. METHODS: The AUC for DRF evaluates the appropriateness of ten treatment options for each of 240 mutually exclusive patient scenarios based on the combination of five factors...
November 20, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158731/routine-drainage-of-colorectal-anastomoses-an-evidence-based-review-of-the-current-literature
#9
REVIEW
Sameh Hany Emile, Tito M Abd El-Hamed
Background: The use of prophylactic drainage after colorectal anastomoses has been long debated. This report aimed to review the current literature discussing routine drainage of colorectal anastomoses highlighting two opposite perspectives (prodrainage and antidrainage) to demonstrate the clinical utility of prophylactic drainage and its proper indications. Methods: An organized literature search was conducted querying electronic databases and Google Scholar. Articles evaluating the role of routine prophylactic drainage after colorectal anastomosis were included and divided into two categories: articles supporting the use of drains (prodrainage) and articles disputing routine drainage (antidrainage)...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158574/immunogenicity-and-loss-of-response-to-tnf-inhibitors-implications-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Joachim R Kalden, Hendrik Schulze-Koops
The availability of monoclonal antibodies has revolutionized the treatment of an increasingly broad spectrum of diseases. Inflammatory diseases are among those most widely treated with protein-based therapeutics, termed biologics. Following the first large-scale clinical trials with monoclonal antibodies performed in the 1990s by rheumatologists and clinical immunologists, the approval of these agents for use in daily clinical practice led to substantial progress in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. Despite this progress, however, only a proportion of patients achieve a long-term clinical response...
November 21, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157779/what-s-the-big-deal-about-evidence-based-practice
#11
EDITORIAL
Myrna E Mamaril
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157662/evaluation-of-guideline-adherence-in-colorectal-cancer-treatment-in-the-netherlands-a-survey-among-medical-oncologists-by-the-dutch-colorectal-cancer-group
#12
Lotte Keikes, Martijn G H van Oijen, Valery E P P Lemmens, Miriam Koopman, Cornelis J A Punt
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines are generated to preserve high-quality evidence-based care. Data on the implementation of guidelines into clinical practice are scarce, despite that guideline adherence prevents over- and undertreatment and correlates with survival. Therefore, we investigated guideline adherence for the systemic treatment in high-risk stage II and stage III colon cancer and metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all Dutch hospitals (n = 88) 1 medical oncologist involved in colorectal cancer care was approached to participate...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157645/law-based-arguments-and-messages-to-advocate-for-later-school-start-time-policies-in-the-united-states
#13
REVIEW
Clark J Lee, Dennis M Nolan, Steven W Lockley, Brent Pattison
The increasing scientific evidence that early school start times are harmful to the health and safety of teenagers has generated much recent debate about changing school start times policies for adolescent students. Although efforts to promote and implement such changes have proliferated in the United States in recent years, they have rarely been supported by law-based arguments and messages that leverage the existing legal infrastructure regulating public education and child welfare in the United States. Furthermore, the legal bases to support or resist such changes have not been explored in detail to date...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157574/teaching-evidence-based-practice-to-undergraduate-nursing-students
#14
Mo-Kyung Sin, Rebecca Bliquez
Considering the heightened importance of evidence-based practice in healthcare settings, incorporating evidence-based practice into the nursing curriculum, especially in baccalaureate programs is essential because this is a first step to prepare students for their professional role as an RN, and the undergraduate nursing students are the ones who will spend the most time with patients at their bedside providing direct care. Teaching evidence-based practice at the undergraduate level, however, can be challenging...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157569/a-regional-consortium-for-doctor-of-nursing-practice-education-integrating-improvement-science-into-the-curriculum
#15
Shea Polancich, Linda Roussel, Barbara Ann Graves, Pamela V O'Neal
The DNP curriculum prepares the graduate for evidence informed improvement translation through coursework integrating improvement, safety, and translation sciences. Innovative leadership skills are necessary to lead inter-professional unit-based and health system opportunities. Equipping the DNP with the necessary skills and competencies to accomplish any type of improvement translation requires exposure to the tools and techniques of these sciences with an emphasis in didactic content. With a foundational knowledge of the principles for improvement, translation and application will follow...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157513/antipsychotic-augmentation-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-review-of-clinical-practice-guidelines
#16
REVIEW
Peter Simons, Lisa Cosgrove, Allen F Shaughnessy, Harold Bursztajn
Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) are seen as the gold standard of evidence-based care. Because of their influence, these guidelines can have profound legal and economic effects. Despite their proliferation and influence, the trustworthiness and quality of guidelines have been seriously questioned and they have been implicated as drivers of overtreatment. In the U.S, augmentation with second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) is becoming an increasingly common strategy for treating major depressive disorder (MDD) when initial antidepressant treatment does not result in remission of symptoms...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157469/model-validity-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials-of-non-individualised-homeopathic-treatment
#17
Robert T Mathie, Michel Van Wassenhoven, A L B Rutten, Christien T Klein-Laansma, José Eizayaga, Anna Pla I Castellsagué, Miek C Jong, Raj K Manchanda, Flávio Dantas, Menachem Oberbaum, Joyce Frye, Helmut Roniger, Stephan Baumgartner, Robbert van Haselen, Ton Nicolai, Peter Fisher
BACKGROUND: The comprehensive systematic review of randomised placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) in homeopathy requires examination of a study's model validity of homeopathic treatment (MVHT) as well as its risk of bias (extent of reliable evidence). OBJECTIVE: To appraise MVHT in those RCTs of non-individualised homeopathy that an associated investigation had judged as 'not at high risk of bias'. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: An assessment of MVHT was ascribed to each of 26 eligible RCTs...
November 2017: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157363/detecting-structural-progression-in-glaucoma-with-optical-coherence-tomography
#18
Andrew J Tatham, Felipe A Medeiros
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is increasingly used to obtain objective measurements of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), optic nerve head, and macula for assessing glaucoma progression. Although OCT has been adopted widely in clinical practice, uncertainty remains concerning its optimal role. Questions include: What is the best structure to measure? What quantity of change is significant? Are structural changes relevant to the patient? How are longitudinal measurements affected by aging? How can changes resulting from aging be differentiated from true progression? How best should OCT be used alongside visual fields, and how often should OCT be performed? Recent studies have addressed some of these questions...
December 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157340/mindful-application-of-aviation-practices-in-healthcare
#19
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Peter A Brennan, Mohammad Farhad Peerally, Narinder Kapur, Jonny M Hynes, Peter D Hodkinson
INTRODUCTION: Evidence supports the efficacy of incorporating select recognized aviation practices and procedures into healthcare. Incident analysis, debrief, safety brief, and crew resource management (CRM) have all been assessed for implementation within the UK healthcare system, a world leader in aviation-based patient safety initiatives. Mindful application, in which aviation practices are specifically tailored to the unique healthcare setting, show promise in terms of acceptance and long-term sustainment...
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157248/implementation-and-use-of-standardized-outcome-measures-by-physical-therapists-in-saudi-arabia-barriers-facilitators-and-perceptions
#20
Tahani N Al-Muqiren, Einas S Al-Eisa, Ahmad H Alghadir, Shahnawaz Anwer
BACKGROUND: The use of standardized outcome measures (SOMs) has been recommended in the physical therapy practice guidelines to improve the patient's management and encourage the evidence based practice. However, the extent of the use of SOMs by physical therapists (PTs) in Saudi Arabia was not investigated. The present study aimed to (1) evaluate the extent of the use of SOMs by PTs in routine daily practice in Saudi Arabia; (2) explore the barriers, facilitators and perceptions in the use of SOMs during physical therapy services; (3) examine the relationship between facility settings and the PTs characteristics and the use of SOMs...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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