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sperm fragmentation genetic decondensation

A Ghosh, K Jana, B P Pakhira, D Ghosh
This study was designed to focus the genetic regulation of diabetes-induced testicular hypofunction and its amelioration by ethyl acetate fraction of seed of Eugenia jambolana. In this regard, we have assessed relevant biosensors such as biochemical, spermiological, histological and gene expression of antioxidant enzymes, germ cell apoptosis and androgenic key enzymes along with in situ end labelling and DNA fragmentation study. After 60 days administration of said fraction, significant recovery in the glycated haemoglobin, serum testosterone, sperm viability, hypo-osmotic swelling and nuclear chromatin decondensation were noted in fraction-treated diabetic group in comparison with diabetic control...
April 2016: Andrologia
Vanesa García-Macías, Felipe Martínez-Pastor, Mercedes Alvarez, Santiago Borragan, Cesar A Chamorro, Ana J Soler, Luis Anel, Paulino de Paz
The effect of seasonality (temperate environment, Spain) on the chromatin status of ovine (Churra breed), Iberian red deer, and brown bear spermatozoa was studied. This work aims to improve genetic resource banks (GRBs) by enhancing existing knowledge of the effect of season on sperm quality. Samples were obtained by electroejaculation in Iberian red deer and brown bear and by artificial vagina in ram. We used the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) to study the level of chromatin condensation of the spermatozoa in each studied period...
November 2006: Journal of Andrology
D S Irvine, J P Twigg, E L Gordon, N Fulton, P A Milne, R J Aitken
The literature contains conflicting evidence regarding the existence of DNA damage in spermatozoa from infertile male patients. To examine this phenomenon, we have studied ejaculated spermatozoa from normozoospermic semen donors and from a group of the unselected male partners of couples attending an infertility clinic for initial investigation. Classical semen analysis according to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines was undertaken with computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA). Spermatozoa were prepared by sequential washing and centrifugation and were analyzed for DNA fragmentation using three assays: 1) a single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet) assay, 2) in situ nick translation with prior chemical decondensation (ISNT-decondensed), and 3) in situ nick translation without prior chemical decondensation (ISNT-condensed)...
January 2000: Journal of Andrology
M Imschenetzky, M I Oliver, S Gutiérrez, V Morín, C Garrido, A Bustos, M Puchi
To determine the changes in chromatin organization during male pronucleus remodeling, we have compared the composition of nucleoprotein particles (NP-ps) resulting from digestion with endogenous nuclease (ENase) and with micrococcal nuclease (MNase). Whole nuclei were isolated from sea urchin gametes and zygotes containing partially decondensed (15 min postinsemination, p.i.) or a fully decondensed (40 min p.i.) male pronucleus and digested with nucleases. The NP-ps generated were analyzed in agarose gels, and their histone composition was determined...
December 15, 1996: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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