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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332264/the-role-of-affect-and-coping-in-diabetes-self-management-in-rural-adults-with-uncontrolled-diabetes-and-depressive-symptoms
#1
Shannon R Miles, Tasneem Khambaty, Nancy J Petersen, Aanand D Naik, Jeffrey A Cully
Many patients with diabetes have poorly controlled blood sugar levels and remain at risk for serious diabetes complications, despite access to effective diabetes treatments and services. Using the transactional model of stress and coping framework, the study investigated the contributions of affect (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule) and coping (maladaptive and adaptive coping from the Brief Cope) on diabetes self-management behaviors, namely diet and exercise. One hundred seventy-eight rural adults with uncontrolled diabetes and moderate depressive symptoms completed the measures...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332005/impact-of-a-negative-emotional-antitobacco-mass-media-campaign-on-french-smokers-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Romain Guignard, Karine Gallopel-Morvan, Ute Mons, Karin Hummel, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh
BACKGROUND: Mass media campaigns to encourage smoking cessation have been shown to be effective in a context of comprehensive tobacco control programme. The effectiveness of antismoking ads that evoke negative emotions remains unclear, in particular in countries with high smoking prevalence and among smokers with low perceived susceptibility, low self-efficacy or who are not users of smoking cessation services. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short-term and long-term effects of a 1-month French national highly emotional media campaign, with a focus on these specific targets...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330992/client-satisfaction-and-decision-making-amongst-females-visiting-family-planning-clinics-in-hyderabad-pakistan
#3
Arbia Memon, Saima Hamid, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Family Planning is the basic right of the human being. It involves decision regarding the number of children and desired space between children by the couple themselves. Quality services involving multiple dimensions build the confidence of the clients and lack of quality is one of the constraints behind incomplete coverage of family planning. Objectives of the current study were to determine the client satisfaction, decision-making process and various influences on clients in adopting family planning methods...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330101/telephone-based-weight-loss-support-for-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Kate M O'Brien, John Wiggers, Amanda Williams, Elizabeth Campbell, Rebecca K Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Emma K Robson, Robin Haskins, Steven J Kamper, Chris Rissel, Christopher M Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of telephone-based weight loss support in reducing the intensity of knee pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis, who are overweight or obese, compared to usual care. DESIGN: We conducted a parallel randomized controlled trial (RCT), embedded within a cohort multiple RCT of patients on a waiting list for outpatient orthopaedic consultation at a tertiary referral hospital in NSW, Australia. Patients with knee osteoarthritis, classified as overweight or obese (body mass index between ≥27kg/m2 and <40kg/m2) were randomly allocated to receive referral to an existing non-disease specific government funded 6-month telephone-based weight management and healthy lifestyle service or usual care...
January 9, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329576/spontaneous-prematurity-in-fetuses-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-about-prenatal-predictive-factors
#5
Bruna Maria Lopes Barbosa, Agatha S Rodrigues, Mario Henrique Burlacchini Carvalho, Roberto Eduardo Bittar, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Lisandra Stein Bernardes
BACKGROUND: To evaluate possible predictive factors of spontaneous prematurity in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Inclusion criteria were presence of CDH; absence of fetoscopy; absence of karyotype abnormality; maximum of one major malformation associated with diaphragmatic hernia; ultrasound monitoring at the Obstetrics Clinic of Clinicas Hospital at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine, from January 2001 to October 2014...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328680/insomnia-and-motor-vehicle-accident-related-injuries-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2007-2016
#6
Elizabeth A Erickson, Shauna Stahlman, Mark G McNellis
Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder in adults, and its incidence is increasing in the U.S. Armed Forces. A potential consequence of insomnia (including medications used to treat it) is increased risk of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs), which cause significant morbidity and mortality in service members. To examine the relationship between insomnia and MVA-related injuries in the U.S. Armed Forces, this retrospective cohort study compared incidence rates of MVA-related injuries from 2007 through 2016 between service members with diagnosed insomnia and an unexposed cohort...
December 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327358/opioid-medication-use-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-diagnoses-vs-unexplained-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-the-us-veterans-health-administration
#7
G S Sayuk, N Kanuri, C P Gyawali, B M Gott, B D Nix, R A Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: While opioid prescriptions have increased alarmingly in the United States (US), their use for unexplained chronic gastrointestinal (GI) pain (eg, irritable bowel syndrome) carries an especially high risk for adverse effects and questionable benefit. AIM: To compare opioid use among US veterans with structural GI diagnoses (SGID) and those with unexplained GI symptoms or functional GI diagnoses (FGID), a group for whom opioids have no accepted role. METHODS: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) administrative data from fiscal year 2012 were used to identify veterans with diagnostic codes recorded for SGID and FGID...
January 12, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325552/health-care-access-for-rural-youth-on-equal-terms-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol-in-northern-sweden
#8
Isabel Goicolea, Dean Carson, Miguel San Sebastian, Monica Christianson, Maria Wiklund, Anna-Karin Hurtig
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to propose a protocol for researching the impact of rural youth health service strategies on health care access. There has been no published comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of youth health strategies in rural areas, and there is no clearly articulated model of how such assessments might be conducted. The protocol described here aims to gather information to; i) Assess rural youth access to health care according to their needs, ii) Identify and understand the strategies developed in rural areas to promote youth access to health care, and iii) Propose actions for further improvement...
January 11, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325478/catatonia-under-diagnosis-in-the-general-hospital
#9
Joan Roig Llesuy, Michel Medina, Kristen C Jacobson, Joseph J Cooper
Catatonia is under-diagnosed in psychiatric settings. No studies have explored the under-diagnosis of catatonia in general hospitals. The authors conducted a retrospective chart review using DSM-5 criteria to diagnose catatonia in medical inpatients between 2011 and 2013. Of 133 case subjects meeting DSM-5 criteria for catatonia retrospectively, 79 had never been diagnosed and 54 had a documented diagnosis. Multiple logistic regression revealed that psychiatry consultation significantly decreased the odds of under-diagnosis of catatonia, whereas presence of agitation, grimacing, or echolalia increased the likelihood of under-diagnosis...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324066/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-caffeine-in-fatigued-shift-workers-implications-for-emergency-medical-services-personnel
#10
Jennifer L Temple, David Hostler, Christian Martin-Gill, Charity G Moore, Patricia M Weiss, Denisse J Sequeira, Joseph P Condle, Eddy S Lang, J Stephen Higgins, P Daniel Patterson
BACKGROUND: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) workers may experience fatigue as a consequence of shift work. We reviewed the literature to determine the impact of caffeine as a countermeasure to fatigue in EMS personnel and related shift workers. METHODS: We employed the GRADE methodology to perform a systematic literature review and search multiple databases for research that examined the impact of caffeine on outcomes of interest, such as patient and EMS personnel safety...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324053/systematic-review-methodology-for-the-fatigue-in-emergency-medical-services-project
#11
P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Patricia M Weiss, Eddy Lang, Christian Martin-Gill
BACKGROUND: Guidance for managing fatigue in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) setting is limited. The Fatigue in EMS Project sought to complete multiple systematic reviews guided by seven explicit research questions, assemble the best available evidence, and rate the quality of that evidence for purposes of producing an Evidence Based Guideline (EBG) for fatigue risk management in EMS operations. METHODS: We completed seven systematic reviews that involved searches of six databases for literature relevant to seven research questions...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320908/psychiatric-diagnoses-and-their-influencing-factors-in-patients-complaining-of-sleep-problems-a-study-of-a-psychiatric-consultation-liaison-service
#12
Yan Chen, Enyan Yu, Zhengluan Liao, Yunfei Tan, Yaju Qiu, Junpeng Zhu, Sisi Lin, Minghao Wu
Objective This study aimed to identify misdiagnosed or undiagnosed psychiatric disorders and the factors associated with these disorders in patients with sleep problems who are referred to a consultation-liaison service. Method Records of all inpatients receiving a consultation from the Psychiatry Department between January and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Psychiatric diagnoses were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the factors associated with the risk of these disorders in patients with sleep problems were determined by multiple logistic regression analysis...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320140/using-community-partnerships-to-integrate-health-and-social-services-for-high-need-high-cost-patients
#13
Ruben Amarashingham, Bin Xie, Albert Karam, Nam Nguyen, Bianca Kapoor
Issue: Our health care and social services delivery systems are not well-equipped to effectively manage patients with multiple chronic diseases and complex social needs such as food, housing, or substance abuse services. Community-level efforts have emerged across the nation to integrate the activities of disparate social service organizations with local health care delivery systems. Evidence on the experiences and outcomes of these programs is emerging, and there is much to learn about their approaches and challenges...
January 1, 2018: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319573/identifying-sources-of-funding-that-contribute-to-scholastic-productivity-in-academic-plastic-surgeons
#14
Qing Zhao Ruan, Justin B Cohen, Yoonji Baek, Austin D Chen, Andres F Doval, Dhruv Singhal, Eugene Y Fukudome, Samuel J Lin, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Scholastic productivity has previously been shown to be positively associated with National Institute of Health (NIH) grants and industry funding. This study examines whether society, industry, or federal funding contributes toward academic productivity as measured by scholastic output of academic plastic surgeons. METHODS: Institution Web sites were used to acquire academic attributes of full-time academic plastic surgeons. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services Open Payment database, NIH reporter, the Plastic Surgery Foundation (PSF), and American Association of Plastic Surgeons (AAPS) Web sites were accessed for funding and endowment details...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317420/perceptions-of-the-uses-of-routine-general-practice-data-beyond-individual-care-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#15
David Wyatt, Jenny Cook, Christopher McKevitt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how different lay and professional groups perceive and understand the use of routinely collected general practice patient data for research, public health, service evaluation and commissioning. DESIGN, METHOD, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: We conducted a multimethod, qualitative study. This entailed participant observation of the design and delivery of a series of deliberative engagement events about a local patient database made of routine primary care data...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316267/elderly-patients-with-suspected-chronic-digoxin-toxicity-a-comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-receiving-and-not-receiving-digoxin-fab
#16
Hooman Arbabian, Hwee Min Lee, Andis Graudins
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare clinical features of patients with elevated serum digoxin concentrations who were treated with digoxin-Fab with those where the immunotherapy was not given by a tertiary hospital toxicology service. METHODS: This was a retrospective series of patients with supratherapeutic serum digoxin concentrations referred to the toxicology service from August 2013 to October 2015. Data collected included demographics, presenting complaint, digoxin dose, other medications taken, serum digoxin, potassium and creatinine concentration on presentation and initial and post-digoxin-Fab heart rate...
January 8, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314751/emergency-airway-and-ventilator-procedures-for-community-based-home-care-staff-validation-of-an-educational-program
#17
Ann Marie Ramsey, Sarah Brennan, Adam Stricker, Kurt Riek, Dana Brown, Rachel Gurtowsky, Julie Sturza, Amy Goldstein Filbrun
BACKGROUND: Children discharged home with tracheostomy and chronic mechanical ventilator support are at high risk for complications and adverse events. Private duty nursing and home respiratory care services are a critical support necessary for successful discharge. The literature suggests that there are opportunities for home care staff (HCS) to improve upon the skills necessary to assess and intervene in an emergency thereby increasing the likelihood of improving long-term outcomes...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314427/comprehensive-unmet-needs-and-correlations-with-quality-of-life-in-chinese-cancer-patients
#18
Y P Zhang, Y Zhang, W H Liu, Y T Yan, H H Wei
Increasing evidence indicates unmet supportive need as a detrimental effect on patients' well-being. However, the unmet needs and correlations with quality of life (QOL) in mainland Chinese cancer patients remain unclear. This study aimed to assess the unmet needs and QOL in Chinese cancer patients, and further explore the influencing factors. A cross-sectional descriptive study design was applied. Using a convenience sampling method, 300 cancer patients, including 176 females and 124 males were recruited from five tertiary hospitals in Xi'an city during April to July 2015...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313281/eating-disorders-substance-use-disorders-and-multiple-symptoms-three-clinical-vignettes
#19
Graziella Fava Vizziello, Laura Bellin
During the longitudinal study of three patients, referred to services at 3, 13, 15 years for eating disorders, reduced food intake and anorexia nervosa, other symptoms appeared depending on difficult development, relational and personality problems. The patients showed the interweaving of symptoms at different times: they were dealing with modified developmental needs and contexts, included new possibilities of attachment that might produce different internal organizations. These changes required different treatments...
January 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312567/b-can-a-resource-sharing-platform-to-improve-the-operation-visualization-and-integrated-analysis-of-tcga-breast-cancer-data
#20
Can-Hong Wen, Shao-Min Ou, Xiao-Bo Guo, Chen-Feng Liu, Yan-Bo Shen, Na You, Wei-Hong Cai, Wen-Jun Shen, Xue-Qin Wang, Hai-Zhu Tan
Breast cancer is a high-risk heterogeneous disease with myriad subtypes and complicated biological features. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) breast cancer database provides researchers with the large-scale genome and clinical data via web portals and FTP services. Researchers are able to gain new insights into their related fields, and evaluate experimental discoveries with TCGA. However, it is difficult for researchers who have little experience with database and bioinformatics to access and operate on because of TCGA's complex data format and diverse files...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
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