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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913372/an-ehealth-project-on-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-comprehensive-evaluation-of-a-promotional-campaign
#1
Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Roberto Gasparini, Paolo Bonanni, Giancarlo Icardi, Daniela Amicizia, Lucia Arata, Stefano Carozzo, Alessio Signori, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini
BACKGROUND: The recently launched Pneumo Rischio eHealth project, which consists of an app, a website, and social networking activity, is aimed at increasing public awareness of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). The launch of this project was prompted by the inadequate awareness of IPD among both laypeople and health care workers, the heavy socioeconomic burden of IPD, and the far from optimal vaccination coverage in Italy, despite the availability of safe and effective vaccines. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of our study were to analyze trends in Pneumo Rischio usage before and after a promotional campaign, to characterize its end users, and to assess its user-rated quality...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872662/similar-compounds-versus-similar-conformers-complementarity-between-pubchem-2-d-and-3-d-neighboring-sets
#2
Sunghwan Kim, Evan E Bolton, Stephen H Bryant
BACKGROUND: PubChem is a public repository for biological activities of small molecules. For the efficient use of its vast amount of chemical information, PubChem performs 2-dimensional (2-D) and 3-dimensional (3-D) neighborings, which precompute "neighbor" relationships between molecules in the PubChem Compound database, using the PubChem subgraph fingerprints-based 2-D similarity and the Gaussian-shape overlay-based 3-D similarity, respectively. These neighborings allow PubChem to provide the user with immediate access to the list of 2-D and 3-D neighbors (also called "Similar Compounds" and "Similar Conformers", respectively) for each compound in PubChem...
2016: Journal of Cheminformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872345/hazards-of-cigarettes-smokeless-tobacco-and-waterpipe-in-a-middle-eastern-population-a-cohort-study-of-50%C3%A2-000-individuals-from-iran
#3
Arash Etemadi, Hooman Khademi, Farin Kamangar, Neal D Freedman, Christian C Abnet, Paul Brennan, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the hazards of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and waterpipe in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to determine the association between different types of tobacco use and earlier death in the Golestan Cohort Study. METHODS: The Study includes 50 045 adults (aged 40-75 years) from north eastern Iran. The baseline questionnaire (2004-2008) assessed information about use of cigarettes, chewing tobacco (nass) and waterpipe...
November 21, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865039/alcohol-consumption-during-adolescence-is-associated-with-reduced-grey-matter-volumes
#4
Noora Heikkinen, Eini Niskanen, Mervi Könönen, Tommi Tolmunen, Virve Kekkonen, Petri Kivimäki, Heikki Tanila, Eila Laukkanen, Ritva Vanninen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cognitive impairment has been associated with excessive alcohol use but its neural basis is poorly understood. Chronic excessive alcohol use in adolescence may lead to neuronal loss and volumetric changes in the brain. Our objective was to compare the grey matter volumes of heavy-drinking and light-drinking adolescents. DESIGN: Longitudinal study: heavy-drinking adolescents without an alcohol use disorder and their light-drinking controls were followed up using questionnaires at three time points over ten years...
November 19, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865015/cannabis-use-during-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-predicts-alcohol-treatment-outcomes
#5
Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman, Jane Metrik, Deidre Patterson, Robert Swift
AIMS: (1) Compare post-treatment alcohol use between those who use cannabis and those who abstain during treatment for alcohol use disorders (AUD). (2) Examine potential cannabis use thresholds by comparing post-treatment alcohol use between four frequency groups of cannabis users relative to abstainers. DESIGN: Secondary analyses of the COMBINE Study, a randomized control trial of AUD treatments. The current study compares longitudinal drinking data between those who used cannabis vs...
November 19, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856361/reprint-of-adolescent-cortical-thickness-pre-and-post-marijuana-and-alcohol-initiation
#6
REVIEW
Joanna Jacobus, Norma Castro, Lindsay M Squeglia, M J Meloy, Ty Brumback, Marilyn A Huestis, Susan F Tapert
Cortical thickness abnormalities have been identified in youth using both alcohol and marijuana. However, limited studies have followed individuals pre- and post initiation of alcohol and marijuana use to help identify to what extent discrepancies in structural brain integrity are pre-existing or substance-related. Adolescents (N=69) were followed from ages 13 (pre-initiation of substance use, baseline) to ages 19 (post-initiation, follow-up). Three subgroups were identified, participants that initiated alcohol use (ALC, n=23, >20 alcohol use episodes), those that initiated both alcohol and marijuana use (ALC+MJ, n=23, >50 marijuana use episodes) and individuals that did not initiate either substance regularly by follow-up (CON, n=23, <3 alcohol use episodes, no marijuana use episodes)...
November 14, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855325/-not-human-dead-already-perceptions-and-experiences-of-drug-related-stigma-among-opioid-using-young-adults-from-the-former-soviet-union-living-in-the-u-s
#7
Alana Gunn, Honoria Guarino
BACKGROUND: Young people from the former Soviet Union (FSU) in the U.S. are engaging in opioid and injection drug use (IDU) in substantial numbers, paralleling nationwide trends. Yet opioid-using FSU immigrants face distinctive acculturation challenges, including perceived stigmatisation as drug users within their immigrant communities, which may exacerbate the negative health and psychosocial consequences of such use. METHODS: This qualitative study draws on semi-structured interviews with 26 FSU immigrant young adults (ages 18-29) living in New York City who reported opioid use in the past month and/or were currently in treatment for opioid use disorder...
November 14, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853947/prior-video-game-utilization-is-associated-with-improved-performance-on-a-robotic-skills-simulator
#8
Andrew C Harbin, Kumar S Nadhan, James H Mooney, Daohai Yu, Joshua Kaplan, Nora McGinley-Hence, Andrew Kim, Yiming Gu, Daniel D Eun
Laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery, two forms of minimally invasive surgery (MIS), have recently experienced a large increase in utilization. Prior studies have shown that video game experience (VGE) may be associated with improved laparoscopic surgery skills; however, similar data supporting a link between VGE and proficiency on a robotic skills simulator (RSS) are lacking. The objective of our study is to determine whether volume or timing of VGE had any impact on RSS performance. Pre-clinical medical students completed a comprehensive questionnaire detailing previous VGE across several time periods...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849405/psychiatric-symptoms-parental-attachment-and-reasons-for-use-as-correlates-of-heavy-substance-use-among-treatment-seeking-hispanic-adolescents
#9
Karina A Gattamorta, Alberto Varela, Brian E McCabe, Maite P Mena, Daniel A Santisteban
: In early adolescence, Hispanics self-report higher drug use rates compared to White and African American peers. Among adolescent users, heavy users have more negative behavioral and health consequences. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine whether psychiatric symptoms, parental attachment, and reasons for use predict heavy alcohol and illicit drug use (more than 10 times in the past three months) among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: This study examines baseline data from a study evaluating a family based substance abuse treatment program for Hispanic adolescents...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845667/walking-with-a-backpack-using-load-distribution-and-dynamic-load-compensation-reduces-metabolic-cost-and-adaptations-to-loads
#10
Joon-Hyuk Park, Paul Stegall, Haohan Zhang, Sunil Agrawal
In this study, we showed a way of reducing the metabolic cost of walking with a backpack using load distribution and dynamic load compensation, provided by a wearable upper body device. This device distributes the backpack load between the shoulders and the pelvis, senses the vertical motion of the pelvis, and provides gait synchronized compensatory forces to reduce the dynamic loads from a backpack. It was hypothesized that by reducing dynamic loads from a backpack during load carriage, the users gait and postural adaptation, muscular effort and metabolic cost would be reduced...
November 9, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831756/the-facebook-experiment-quitting-facebook-leads-to-higher-levels-of-well-being
#11
Morten Tromholt
Most people use Facebook on a daily basis; few are aware of the consequences. Based on a 1-week experiment with 1,095 participants in late 2015 in Denmark, this study provides causal evidence that Facebook use affects our well-being negatively. By comparing the treatment group (participants who took a break from Facebook) with the control group (participants who kept using Facebook), it was demonstrated that taking a break from Facebook has positive effects on the two dimensions of well-being: our life satisfaction increases and our emotions become more positive...
November 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812377/use-of-social-networking-sites-and-perception-and-intentions-regarding-body-weight-among-adolescents
#12
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, J-P Chaput, H A Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: Social networking sites (SNSs) not only offer users an opportunity to link with others but also allow individuals to compare themselves with other users. However, the link between the use of SNSs and the dissatisfaction with body weight is largely unknown. We investigated the associations between the use of SNSs and the perception of body weight and related behaviours among adolescent men and women. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 4,468 (48.5% women) 11-19-year-old Canadian students in grades 7 to 12 who participated in the 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771475/the-safety-of-intrauterine-devices-among-young-women-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Tara C Jatlaoui, Halley E M Riley, Kathryn M Curtis
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the association between use of intrauterine devices (IUDs) by young women and risk of adverse outcomes. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, CINAHL, Embase, Popline and the Cochrane Library for articles from inception of database through December 2015. For outcomes specific to IUD use (IUD expulsion and perforation), we examined effect measures for IUD users generally aged 25 years or younger compared with older IUD users. For outcomes of pregnancy, infection, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and heavy bleeding or anemia, we examined young IUD users compared with young users of other contraceptive methods or no method...
October 19, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771200/assessment-of-by-products-of-bioenergy-systems-anaerobic-digestion-and-gasification-as-potential-crop-nutrient
#14
Sampriti Kataki, Samarendra Hazarika, D C Baruah
Alternative fertilizer resources have drawn attention in recent times in order to cope up with ever increasing demand for fertilizer. By-products of bioenergy system are considered favourable as organic fertilizer due to their ability to recycle plant nutrients. Present study evaluates fertilizer suitability of by-products of two bioenergy systems viz. 3 types of anaerobic digestion by-products (digestate) from local surplus biomass such as cowdung, Ipomoea carnea:cowdung (60:40) and ricestraw:green gram stover:cowdung (30:30:40) and one gasification by-product (biochar) from rice husk...
October 19, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770484/medical-therapies-for-heavy-menstrual-bleeding-in-women-with-uterine-fibroids-a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-large-commercially-insured-population-in-the-usa
#15
X Yao, E A Stewart, S K Laughlin-Tommaso, H C Heien, B J Borah
OBJECTIVES: To report patterns and patient characteristics associated with initiation of and persistence with medical therapies for uterine fibroid-related heavy menstrual bleeding. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: US commercial insurance claims database. POPULATION: 41 561 women aged 18-54 years with uterine fibroids and heavy menstrual bleeding who initiated medical therapies from January 2000 through December 2013...
October 21, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765732/text-message-based-intervention-targeting-alcohol-consumption-among-university-students-findings-from-a-formative-development-study
#16
Kristin Thomas, Catharina Linderoth, Marcus Bendtsen, Preben Bendtsen, Ulrika Müssener
BACKGROUND: Drinking of alcohol among university students is a global phenomenon; heavy episodic drinking is accepted despite several potential negative consequences. There is emerging evidence that short message service (SMS) text messaging interventions are effective to promote behavior change among students. However, it is still unclear how effectiveness can be optimized through intervention design or how user interest and adherence can be maximized. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop an SMS text message-based intervention targeting alcohol drinking among university students using formative research...
October 20, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757963/monitoring-of-lawsone-p-phenylenediamine-and-heavy-metals-in-commercial-temporary-black-henna-tattoos-sold-in-turkey
#17
Ayca Aktas Sukuroglu, Dilek Battal, Sema Burgaz
BACKGROUND: Henna has a very low allergic potential, and severe allergic contact dermatitis is mainly caused by p-phenylenediamine (PPD), which is added to temporary black 'henna tattoos', and potentially also by some heavy metals. OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence of, and quantify, Lawsone, PPD and heavy metal contaminants (cobalt, nickel, lead, and chromium) in commercial temporary black henna tattoo mixtures (n = 25) sold in Turkey. METHODS: Lawsone and PPD concentrations were analysed with high-performance liquid chromatography, and heavy metal quantification was performed with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
October 19, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751907/assessment-of-an-electronic-intervention-in-young-women-with-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#18
J E Dietrich, D L Yee, X M Santos, J L Bercaw-Pratt, J Kurkowski, H Soni, Y J Lee-Kim, M D Shah, D Mahoney, L V Srivaths
BACKGROUND: Bleeding disorders (BD) occur in up to 50% of adolescents with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). This presents unique challenges to healthcare providers given the complexity of treating the condition and such complexity can result in difficulty with patients understanding basic information about their condition, limit communication with medical providers, and patient compliance. SPECIFIC AIMS: To use an electronic approach to enhance patient compliance with medications used to treat their HMB...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732768/assessing-cannabis-consumption-frequency-is-the-combined-use-of-free-and-glucuronidated-thccooh-blood-levels-of-diagnostic-utility
#19
Marianne Hädener, Marie Martin Fabritius, Stefan König, Christian Giroud, Wolfgang Weinmann
Heavy cannabis consumption is considered incompatible with safe driving. In Swiss traffic policy, drivers suspected of regular cannabis use are therefore required to undergo medical assessment of their long-term fitness to drive. A whole blood concentration of the cannabis metabolite 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol (THCCOOH) of 40 µg/L is currently used by Swiss forensic experts as decision limit for regular cannabis consumption. The present study aimed to investigate the suitability of THCCOOH-glucuronide blood levels as an additional and/or better marker for the frequency of cannabis use...
October 12, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732078/enhancing-primary-school-children-s-knowledge-of-online-safety-and-risks-with-the-catz-cooperative-cross-age-teaching-intervention-results-from-a-pilot-study
#20
Michael J Boulton, Louise Boulton, Eleonora Camerone, James Down, Joanna Hughes, Chloe Kirkbride, Rachel Kirkham, Peter Macaulay, Jessica Sanders
Children are heavy users of the Internet and prior studies have shown that many of them lack a good understanding of the risks of doing so and how to avoid them. This study examined if the cross-age teaching zone (CATZ) intervention could help children acquire important knowledge of online risks and safety. It allowed older students to act as CATZ tutors to design and deliver a lesson to younger schoolmates (tutees), using content material about online risks and safety provided by adults. Students in Year 6 (mean age = 11...
October 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
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