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phalanx fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409411/irreducible-volar-rotatory-subluxation-of-the-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-of-the-finger
#1
Masahiko Tohyama, Sadahiko Konishi
We describe 4 cases of irreducible volar rotatory subluxation of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint of the finger that required open reduction. All of the patients had radiographically proven (in lateral-view radiographs) volar rotatory subluxation of the PIP joint, without fracture. The causes of irreducibility were interposition of the lateral band about the condyle of the middle phalanx in 2 cases, interposition of the collateral ligament in 1 case, and scarring of the injured central slip in 1 case...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399000/outcomes-following-operative-treatment-of-adolescent-mallet-fractures
#2
Andrew T Chen, Keegan T Conry, Allison Gilmore, Jochen P Son-Hing, Raymond W Liu
Background: Many surgeons advocate for surgical intervention of adult mallet fractures that involve either subluxation of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint or those that involve more than one-third of the articular surface. However, the efficacy of operative treatment and complication rates are unclear regarding the adolescent population. Questions/Purposes: The goal of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes following operative fixation of bony mallet fractures in the adolescent population...
February 2018: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392111/stress-fracture-of-the-second-proximal-phalanx-of-the-foot-in-teenage-athletes-unrecognized-location-of-stress-fracture
#3
Satoshi Yamaguchi, Shuji Taketomi, Yusei Funakoshi, Kan Tsuchiya, Ryuichiro Akagi, Seiji Kimura, Aya Sadamasu, Seiji Ohtori
Background: Adolescent athletes are a high-risk population for stress fractures. We report four cases of stress fractures of the second proximal phalanx, which had not been previously diagnosed as the location of the stress fracture of the foot, in teenage athletes. Case report: All fractures were on the plantar side of the proximal phalangeal base, and the oblique images of the plain radiograph clearly depicted the fractures. Notably, three out of the four patients had histories of stress fracture of other locations...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319352/dual-antegrade-intramedullary-headless-screw-fixation-for-treatment-of-unstable-proximal-phalanx-fractures
#4
Michael P Gaspar, Shiv D Gandhi, Randall W Culp, Patrick M Kane
BACKGROUND: Although intramedullary headless screw (IMHS) fixation is a promising minimally invasive surgical treatment option for unstable proximal phalanx fractures, a single IMHS may provide inadequate fixation for certain fracture patterns. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes in a pilot series of patients with proximal phalanx fractures treated with dual antegrade IMHS fixation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of proximal phalanx fractures treated with dual antegrade IMHS fixation with a minimum 1 year of follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244687/pilon-fractures-of-the-base-of-the-proximal-phalanx-direct-intraosseous-joint-reduction-with-bone-grafting-and-mini-screws-a-case-report
#5
Iva Neshkova, Rainer H Meffert
CASE: A 31-year-old woman sustained a closed pilon fracture of the base of the second proximal phalanx. Computed tomography showed comminution, central depression, and splaying of the articular surface. We used a method of direct intraosseous joint reduction in combination with bone-grafting and mini-screws to treat the fracture. For reduction, a golf-club-shaped instrument was inserted into the medullary cavity through a drill-hole in the phalanx. CONCLUSION: The advantage of this technique is that it leaves the joint capsular complex and the extensor hood intact...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200490/management-of-nail-bed-injuries-associated-with-fingertip-injuries
#6
Alexander George, Reena Alexander, C Manju
Background: Management of nail injuries can often be a challenging experience, especially in presence of complex fingertips' injuries that include soft tissue loss and distal phalanx injury. Most studies found in the literature focus on individual injuries and describe methods to tackle those injuries, notwithstanding the fact that the nail, nailbed, distal phalanx, soft tissue and skin of the finger tip form a complex and often more than one element of this complex is injured. This retrospective study therefore focuses on the management of nail bed injuries as a part of the complex finger tip injury and outlines the surgical principles and techniques that were used in their management...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193820/osteology-and-radiological-anatomy-of-the-thoracic-limbs-of-temminck-s-ground-pangolin-smutsia-temminckii
#7
Christine Steyn, John T Soley, Martina R Crole
Temminck's ground pangolin is the only pangolin present in South Africa. It is a myrmecophagous mammal with a bipedal gait. The thoracic limbs are used to break open ant nests, dig for food, and expand previously occupied burrows. This study describes the osteology and radiological anatomy of the thoracic limbs of this threatened species. Thoracic limbs from four Temminck's ground pangolins, which succumbed from electrocution or natural causes, were digitally radiographed in situ. The individual bones were then cleaned, described and digitally radiographed...
November 28, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181346/phalangeal-fracture-during-attempted-dupuytrens-release-following-clostridial-collagenase-injection-case-report
#8
Laura W Lewallen, Marco Rizzo
Introduction: Dupuytren's disease can be a challenging condition for both patients and surgeons. Injectable collagen clostridium histolyticum was approved for clinical use by the Food and Drug Administration in 2010. A number of side effects have been described. In this case report, we present a complication of a proximal phalanx fracture which occurred during attempted release post injection. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of this particular complication...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146511/surgical-management-of-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-repetitive-stress-epiphyseal-fracture-nonunion-in-elite-sport-climbers
#9
Yasser El-Sheikh, Chris Lutter, Isabelle Schoeffl, Volker Schoeffl, Sascha Flohe
Repetitive stress fracture of the middle phalanx epiphysis is an injury specific to elite adolescent sport climbers. As sport climbing becomes increasingly popular in younger age groups, an increased number of these injuries have been reported in recent years. To date, treatment of these fractures has been nonsurgical, with strict rest and physiotherapy prescribed until fracture union. However, when these patients present in a delayed fashion with an established nonunion, nonsurgical treatment may fail, leading to disabling chronic pain and/or digital deformity in some cases...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117838/the-te-technique-for-restoring-fingertip-stability-post-traumatic-acro-osteolysis-a-report-and-review-of-management-options
#10
Yu-Te Lin, Charles Yuen Yung Loh
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the distal phalanx can result in bony non-union, resulting in acro-osteolysis and subsequent fingertip instability due to soft tissue dissociation from bone. Conventional methods of treating this involve osseous fixation, but do not address the laxity and lack of soft tissue stability with bone. Current techniques also do not address the management of such conditions if bony fragments are too small to reduce. We present a novel method that addresses both soft tissue and bony deformity in this condition...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117821/assessment-of-usefulness-of-anthropometric-data-for-predicting-the-scaphoid-and-the-screw-length-a-new-technique
#11
Darshan Kumar A Jain, Naresh Shetty, L Naveen Kumar, D C Sundaresh
BACKGROUND: Headless screw is frequently used for scaphoid fracture fixation. Aim of the study was to assess the correlation between the axial length of the scaphoid and the axial length of the middle phalanx of index, middle, ring and little finger so as to provide an indirect method to assess the length of the scaphoid and thereby the length of the screw. METHODS: Thirty five fresh frozen cadavers with seventy wrists and hands were dissected. The age, sex and side were recorded...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078727/proximal-phalanx-fracture-management
#12
Tim T Lögters, Hannah H Lee, Sebastian Gehrmann, Joachim Windolf, Robert A Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: The goal of proximal phalangeal fracture management is to allow for fracture healing to occur in acceptable alignment while maintaining gliding motion of the extensor and flexor tendons. METHODS: We reviewed the most current literature on various treatment methods of proximal phalanx fractures, focusing on the indications and outcomes of nonoperative as well as operative interventions. RESULTS: Stable fractures can be successfully treated nonoperatively, whereas unstable injuries benefit from surgery...
October 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076759/internal-fixation-of-displaced-intra-articular-fractures-of-the-hallux-through-a-dorsomedial-approach-a-technical-tip
#13
Danilo Ryuko Cândido Nishikawa, Fernando Aires Duarte, Cesar de Cesar Netto, Augusto César Monteiro, Rômulo Ballarin Albino, Fabio Corrêa Paiva Fonseca
Phalangeal fractures of the toes represent common injuries of the forefoot. In the hallux, most fractures occur at the distal phalanx and frequently result from a direct crushing type of injury. Intra-articular fractures of the hallux are usually treated nonoperatively, except when the fragments are displaced and the joint is incongruent. Displaced fractures treated nonoperatively can result in degenerative arthritis of the interphalangeal joint, causing pain and range of motion limitation, hindering gait and weightbearing...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066663/spontaneous-painful-subungual-thumb-haematoma
#14
Nihull Jakharia-Shah, Priyanka Chadha, Mahendra Kulkarni
We present the case of a 56-year-old man who presented to our accident and emergency department 15 years after a work-based injury to his left thumb.In January 2017, the patient was woken up acutely with excruciating pain in his left thumb with no preceding trauma. On clinical examination, only a subungual haematoma was noted. Radiographs of the effected thumb demonstrated a round, lytic lesion with an accompanying hairline fracture on the distal phalanx of the left thumb. The radiologist suggested a differential diagnosis of enchondroma should be considered...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056125/quantification-and-further-refinements-of-dorsal-metacarpal-artery-perforator-flap-for-reconstruction-of-wounds-of-fingers-upto-distal-interphalangeal-joints
#15
Muhammad Amin Yousaf, Zain Ul Abidin, Farrukh Aslam Khalid, Kamran Khalid, Muhammad Saleem, Muhammad Jibran Rabbani, Abdul Malik Mujahid, Moazzam Nazeer Tarrar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of dorsal metacarpal artery perforator flap for coverage of finger defects extending upto distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ). STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Centre, Lahore, from March 2015 to May 2017. METHODOLOGY: Our study was carried out in two parts. 1st part of study was to measure average flap length in our population...
October 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051884/curettage-using-soft-wire-for-enchondroma-in-the-hand-a-technical-note
#16
Akio Sakamoto, Shuichi Matsuda
INTRODUCTION: Enchondromas are benign bone cartilaginous lesions predominantly seen in the hand, possibly leading to a pathological fracture. When the lesion expands to the whole phalanx, curettage through a small fenestration is difficult. To overcome the problem, soft-wire (cerclage wire) was used as a curette. Soft-wire is commonly used for a tension band wiring method for patellar or olecranon fractures. TECHNIQUE: Two representative cases are presented: one is a 43-year-old male with enchondroma in the middle phalanx of the left index finger, and the other is a 28-year-old female with enchondroma in the distal phalanx of the right thumb...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024745/correlation-between-extension-block-k-wire-insertion-angle-and-postoperative-extension-loss-in-mallet-finger-fracture
#17
S K Lee, Y H Kim, K H Moon, W S Choy
INTRODUCTION: Extension-block pinning represents a simple and reliable surgical technique. Although this procedure is commonly performed successfully, some patients develop postoperative extension loss. To date, the relationship between extension-block Kirschner wire (K-wire) insertion angle and postoperative extension loss in mallet finger fracture remains unclear. HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to clarify this relationship and further evaluate how various operative and non-operative factors affect postoperative extension loss after extension-block pinning for mallet finger fracture...
October 9, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993565/a-retrospective-study-of-radiographic-abnormalities-in-the-repositories-for-thoroughbreds-at-yearling-sales-in-japan
#18
Daisuke Miyakoshi, Hiroyuki Senba, Mitsumori Shikichi, Masaya Maeda, Ryo Shibata, Kazuhiro Misumi
This study aimed to evaluate whether radiographic abnormalities at yearling sales were associated with the failure to start racing at 2-3 years of age. Radiographic abnormalities in the carpal (n=852), tarsal (n=976), metacarpophalangeal (n=1,055), and metatarsophalangeal joints (n=1,031) from 1,082 horses, recorded at yearling sale, were reviewed. Eighty-two horses (7.6%) failed to start racing. Radiographic abnormalities such as wedged or collapsed tarsal bones, irregular lucency of a sagittal ridge at the distal aspect of the distal third metatarsal bone, and proximal dorsal fragmentation of the first phalanx in metatarsophalangeal joints were associated with failure to start racing in these horses...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985979/feasibility-of-a-new-pulley-repair-a%C3%A2-cadaver-study
#19
Isabelle Schöffl, Julia Meisel, Christoph Lutter, Volker Schöffl
PURPOSE: In this study, the feasibility of a new pulley reconstruction in which the tendon graft is pulled through a tunnel in the proximal phalanx, was evaluated using a cadaver model, with particular attention paid to the weakening of the bone structure by the drill hole. METHODS: Nine fingers from 6 cadaver hands with intact pulley systems were compared with 9 fingers from 6 cadaver hands with missing A2 to A4 pulleys but that included a repair using the new surgical technique...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974346/retrospective-analysis-of-the-akin-osteotomy
#20
Steven M Douthett, Nathan K Plaskey, Lawrence M Fallat, John Kish
Hallux abductovalgus is one of the most common deformities addressed by foot and ankle surgeons. Surgically, it can be approached using a wide variety of procedures. After performing the first metatarsal osteotomy, the final step is often to realign the great toe in a rectus position. This is performed with an osteotomy of the proximal phalanx. The Akin osteotomy is a medially based closing wedge osteotomy of the proximal phalanx. When executing the osteotomy, the goal is not only to correct abduction, but also to keep the lateral cortex intact, which allows it to act as an additional point of fixation...
January 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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