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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240799/inappropriate-self-medication-among-adolescents-and-its-association-with-lower-medication-literacy-and-substance-use
#1
Chun-Hsien Lee, Fong-Ching Chang, Sheng-Der Hsu, Hsueh-Yun Chi, Li-Jung Huang, Ming-Kung Yeh
BACKGROUND: While self-medication is common, inappropriate self-medication has potential risks. This study assesses inappropriate self-medication among adolescents and examines the relationships among medication literacy, substance use, and inappropriate self-medication. METHOD: In 2016, a national representative sample of 6,226 students from 99 primary, middle, and high schools completed an online self-administered questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors related to inappropriate self-medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236095/health-literacy-and-hospital-length-of-stay-an-inpatient-cohort-study
#2
Ethan G Jaffee, Vineet M Arora, Madeleine I Matthiesen, David O Meltzer, Valerie G Press
BACKGROUND: Associations between low health literacy (HL) and adverse health outcomes have been well documented in the outpatient setting; however, few studies have examined associations between low HL and in-hospital outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare hospital length of stay (LOS) among patients with low HL and those with adequate HL. DESIGN: Hospital-based cohort study. SETTING: Academic urban tertiary-care hospital. PATIENTS: Hospitalized general medicine patients...
December 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226458/communicating-risk-in-dementia-care-survey-of-health-and-social-care-professionals
#3
Brian J Taylor, Mabel Stevenson, Michelle McDowell
Supporting people to live at home in line with community care policies requires increasing attention to assessing, communicating and managing risks. There is a challenge in supporting client choices that include risk-taking while demonstrating professional accountability. Risk communication becomes increasingly important with the need to engage clients and families in meaningful shared decision-making. This presents particular challenges in dementia services. This survey of risk communication in dementia care was administered to all health and social care professionals in community dementia services in Northern Ireland: June-September 2016...
December 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214832/tailored-educational-approaches-for-consumer-health-a-model-to-address-health-promotion-in-an-era-of-personalized-medicine
#4
Wendy F Cohn, Jason Lyman, Donna K Broshek, Thomas M Guterbock, David Hartman, Mable Kinzie, David Mick, Aaron Pannone, Vanessa Sturz, Jane Schubart, Arthur T Garson
PURPOSE: To develop a model, based on market segmentation, to improve the quality and efficiency of health promotion materials and programs. DESIGN: Market segmentation to create segments (groups) based on a cross-sectional questionnaire measuring individual characteristics and preferences for health information. Educational and delivery recommendations developed for each group. SETTING: General population of adults in Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of 1201 Virginia residents...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210557/improving-patient-safety-improving-communication
#5
Heather Bittner-Fagan, Joshua Davis, Margot Savoy
Communication among physicians, staff, and patients is a critical element in patient safety. Effective communication skills can be taught and improved through training and awareness. The practice of family medicine allows for long-term relationships with patients, which affords opportunities for ongoing, high-quality communication. There are many barriers to effective communication, including patient factors, clinician factors, and system factors, but tools and strategies exist to address these barriers, improve communication, and engage patients in their care...
December 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198996/the-relationship-of-health-literacy-to-diabetes-status-differs-by-sex-in-older-adults
#6
Michael Quartuccio, Eleanor M Simonsick, Susan Langan, Tamara Harris, Rebecca L Sudore, Roland Thorpe, Caterina Rosano, Felicia Hill-Briggs, Sherita Golden, Rita R Kalyani
OBJECTIVE: Lower health literacy is associated with higher rates of mortality and chronic disease. It remains unclear whether health literacy is associated with diabetes and/or hyperglycemia in older adults, and if this relationship differs by sex. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 2510 older adults in the Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study who had both a Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM) measurement and diabetes status available...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197036/cancer-genetic-counseling-communication-with-low-income-chinese-immigrants
#7
Janice Ka Yan Cheng, Claudia Guerra, Rena J Pasick, Dean Schillinger, Judith Luce, Galen Joseph
As genetics and genomics become part of mainstream medicine, these advances have the potential to either reduce or exacerbate health disparities. Relatively, little research has explored the quality of genetic counseling communication experienced by limited English proficiency patients, especially Chinese Americans. We observed and audio recorded genetic counseling appointments (n = 40) of low-income, limited English-proficient Chinese patients (n = 25) and conducted post-visit interviews (n = 17) using stimulated recall to examine patient understanding of the communication...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190142/biomedical-science-undergraduate-major-a-new-pathway-to-advance-research-and-the-health-professions
#8
John S Gunn, Cynthia H Ledford, Steven J Mousetes, Michael R Grever
PROBLEM: Many students entering professional degree programs, particularly M.D., Ph.D., and M.D./Ph.D., are not well prepared regarding the breadth of scientific knowledge required, communication skills, research experience, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and significant shadowing (for M.D.-related professions). In addition, physician scientists are a needed and necessary part of the academic research environment but are dwindling in numbers. INTERVENTION: In response to predictions of critical shortages of clinician investigators and the lack of proper preparation as undergraduates for these professions, the Biomedical Science (BMS) undergraduate major was created at The Ohio State University to attract incoming college freshmen with interests in scientific research and the healthcare professions...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188553/sociodemographic-factors-mediate-race-and-ethnicity-associated-childhood-asthma-health-disparities-a-longitudinal-analysis
#9
David M Washington, Laura M Curtis, Katherine Waite, Michael S Wolf, Michael K Paasche-Orlow
BACKGROUND: Race and ethnicity-based disparities in childhood asthma are well established. We characterized the longitudinal effects associated with being African-American/Black or Hispanic/Latino on a range of asthma outcomes, and the extent to which sociodemographic factors, caregiver health literacy, education level, and asthma knowledge mediate these associations. METHODS: Children ages 8-15 and their caregivers (n = 544) in the Chicago Initiative to Raise Asthma Health Equity (CHIRAH) cohort completed interviews every 3 months for 1...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172607/social-isolation-health-literacy-and-mortality-risk-findings-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#10
Samuel G Smith, Sarah E Jackson, Lindsay C Kobayashi, Andrew Steptoe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between social isolation, health literacy, and all-cause mortality, and the modifying effect of social isolation on the latter relationship. METHODS: Data were from 7731 adults aged ≥50 years participating in Wave 2 (2004/2005) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Social isolation was defined according to marital/cohabiting status and contact with children, relatives, and friends, and participation in social organizations...
November 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125435/health-literacy-among-medically-underserved-the-role-of-demographic-factors-social-influence-and-religious-beliefs
#11
Shannon M Christy, Clement K Gwede, Steven K Sutton, Enmanuel Chavarria, Stacy N Davis, Rania Abdulla, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D Meade
The current study examined the sociodemographic and psychosocial variables that predicted being at risk for low health literacy among a population of racially and ethnically diverse patients accessing primary care services at community-based clinics. Participants (N = 416) were aged 50-75 years, currently not up-to-date with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, at average CRC risk, and enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at promoting CRC screening. Participants completed a baseline interview that assessed health literacy as measured by Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Revised, sociodemographic factors, and psychosocial variables (e...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065780/health-literacy-and-current-cd4-cell-count-in-a-multiethnic-u-s-sample-of-adults-living-with-hiv-infection
#12
Rheeda L Walker, Judy H Hong, David C Talavera, Marizela Verduzco, Steven Paul Woods
Hispanic and Black adults are disproportionately affected by HIV and experience poorer HIV-related health outcomes relative to non-Hispanic White adults. The current study adopted Sørensen's integrated model to test the hypothesis that lower functional and critical health literacy competencies contribute to poorer HIV-related health and CD4 cell count for Hispanic and Black individuals. Eighty-one non-Hispanic White, Hispanic, and Black HIV seropositive individuals from a large, Southwestern metropolitan area were administered measures of health literacy, including the Expanded Numeracy Scale, Newest Vital Sign, Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine, Test of Functional Health Literacy (TOHFLA)-numeracy, and TOHFLA-reading...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063419/understanding-cultural-influences-on-dietary-habits-in-asian-middle-eastern-and-latino-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-review-of-current-literature-and-future-directions
#13
REVIEW
Natalie Mora, Sherita Hill Golden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on evaluating and identifying gaps in the current literature regarding culturally specific dietary influences for patients with type 2 diabetes. As this topic has previously been examined in African American populations, we chose to focus on four other distinct populations (Hispanic, Middle Eastern, Western Pacific, South Asian). Given the rapid increase in global rates of type 2 diabetes and high rates of diabetes among certain ethnic groups, it is important to understand how culturally adapted strategies in diabetes management have been described in different regions and populations...
October 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052485/health-literacy-among-danish-university-students-enrolled-in-health-related-study-programmes
#14
Lea Elsborg, Fie Krossdal, Lars Kayser
AIMS: It is important to address people's health literacy when providing health care. Health professionals should be aware of, and have insight into, people's health literacy when they provide health services. Health professionals need to be health literate themselves. We examined the level of health literacy in students in Denmark attending one of four full university programmes related to health and investigated how their health literacy was associated with their sociodemographic background...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#15
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016895/the-accuracy-of-a-fibromyalgia-diagnosis-in-general-practice
#16
Rosalind Gittins, Molly Howard, Ameer Ghodke, Timothy J Ives, Paul Chelminski
Objective: To compare the characteristics of people with fibromyalgia (FM) with those with other forms of nonmalignant chronic pain. Design: A prospective cohort study conducted in a chronic pain management clinic within an academic medical center. Setting. : Many symptoms of the chronic pain syndrome FM are common to other pain or musculoskeletal syndromes. FM may be misdiagnosed by clinicians. Subjects: Thirty-three patients with a working diagnosis of FM were identified: 26 (78...
July 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990667/the-%C3%A3-ndice-flesch-szigriszt-and-spanish-lexile-analyzer-to-evaluate-spanish-patient-education-materials-in-otolaryngology
#17
Samih J Nassif, Kevin Wong, Jessica R Levi
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate the reading difficulty of Spanish patient education materials using the validated Índice Flesch-Szigriszt (INFLESZ) and Spanish Lexile Analyzer, and to identify relationships between English and Spanish readability formulas. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: All otolaryngology-related patient education articles written in Spanish from the health libraries of the top 10 US News & World Report-ranked hospitals, top 10 Doximity-ranked otolaryngology residencies, the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery website, and the US National Library of Medicine online section on ears, nose and throat were collected...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990637/qualitative-study-of-depression-literacy-among-korean-american-parents-of-adolescents
#18
Yoo Mi Jeong, Linda L McCreary, Tonda L Hughes
Lack of depression literacy is associated with low help-seeking behaviors for mental health care in adolescents. As parents generally determine adolescents' health care, ensuring parents can recognize depressive symptoms is crucial. The current study explored depression literacy among Korean American parents of adolescents ages 12 to 19 using a qualitative descriptive design. Semantic content analysis was performed using data from three focus group interviews conducted in 2015 with Korean American parents (10 mothers, four fathers) of adolescents...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972531/libraries-and-librarians-key-partners-for-progress-in-health-literacy-research-and-practice
#19
Wanda Whitney, Alla Keselman, Betsy Humphreys
The field of librarianship has a history of involvement in patient education, general literacy and information literacy efforts. This history and prominent placement in communities make libraries and librarians an excellent resource in advancing health literacy practice and research. This chapter provides an overview of health literacy and health information literacy efforts in US libraries over the past two decades. The chapter begins with the description of the role of the US National Library of Medicine in developing resources, programs, and partnerships serving health information needs of the public...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972519/the-journey-to-become-a-health-literate-organization-a-snapshot-of-health-system-improvement
#20
Cindy Brach
A health literate health care organization is one that makes it easy for people to navigate, understand, and use information and services to take care of their health. This chapter explores the journey that a growing number of organizations are taking to become health literate. Health literacy improvement has increasingly been viewed as a systems issue, one that moves beyond siloed efforts by recognizing that action is required on multiple levels. To help operationalize the shift to a systems perspective, members of the U...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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