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health literacy medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428177/caregiver-and-adolescent-factors-associated-with-delayed-completion-of-the-three-dose-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-series
#1
Lea E Widdice, Rebecca Hoagland, S Todd Callahan, Jessica A Kahn, Christopher J Harrison, Barbara A Pahud, Sharon E Frey, Andrea A Berry, Karen L Kotloff, Kathryn M Edwards, Mark J Mulligan, Jon Sudman, Aya Nakamura, David I Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Delayed completion of human papillomavirus vaccination (4vHPV) series is common. We sought to identify factors associated with delay. METHODS: This substudy was part of a large prospective, multi-site study recruiting 9-17 year old girls at the time of their third 4vHPV dose to assess immunogenicity associated with prolonged dosing intervals. At participating sites, parents/legal guardians (caregivers) of all enrolled girls (9-17 years old) and enrolled girls aged 14-17 years were approached for participation...
February 7, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417022/a-study-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-administration-of-pediatric-dosage-forms-and-allied-health-literacy-of-caregivers-for-children
#2
Amrita Sil, Chaitali Sengupta, Alak Kumar Das, Puspita Das Sil, Supratim Datta, Avijit Hazra
Context: Caregivers of sick children have to be careful with medicine dosing and giving medicines to a reluctant child can be challenging. Aim: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of caregivers regarding pediatric medicine administration and health literacy allied to this task. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was carried out on outpatient and inpatient basis in the pediatrics department of a teaching hospital over 6 months...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416578/a-brief-survey-of-public-knowledge-and-stigma-towards-depression
#3
Shoji Yokoya, Takami Maeno, Naoto Sakamoto, Ryohei Goto, Tetsuhiro Maeno
Background: The burden from depression is affected by the public's beliefs, stigma, and resulting behavior. Lack of knowledge, misunderstanding, and stigma about depressed people and their surroundings are barriers to improving their mental health. This study aimed to examine public beliefs regarding depression, especially how to recognize depression, treatment, and stigma. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to participants receiving an annual health checkup...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403617/general-health-literacy-assessment-of-iranian-women-in-mashhad
#4
Lida Jarahi, Reza Asadi, Hamid Reza Hakimi
Background: In women's health, literacy determines their participation in self and family health promotion. Low health literacy is as barrier for understanding medical recommendations, disease prevention and health care. Aim: To assess women's health literacy and relative factors in Mashhad (Iran). Methods: Women referring to healthcare centers in Mashhad in 2012 and 2013, participated in this cross-sectional study by stratified sampling method...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398404/recognizing-pharmaceutical-illiteracy-in-community-pharmacy-agreement-between-a-practice-based-interview-guide-and-questionnaire-based-assessment
#5
Ellen S Koster, Daphne Philbert, Liset van Dijk, Jany Rademakers, Peter A G M de Smet, Marcel L Bouvy, Marcia Vervloet
BACKGROUND: Patients with limited pharmaceutical literacy are at increased risk of drug-related problems. Recognizing these patients in daily practice is difficult. The Recognition and Addressing of Limited Pharmaceutical Literacy (RALPH) interview guide was developed as practical set of questions to recognize patients with limited pharmaceutical literacy in daily pharmacy practice. OBJECTIVE: To compare agreement between pharmaceutical literacy measured with the RALPH guide and a validated general health literacy questionnaire...
February 2, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385592/communication-of-cancer-related-genetic-and-genomic-information-a-landscape-analysis-of-reviews
#6
Emily B Peterson, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou, Anna Gaysynsky, Melinda Krakow, Ashley Elrick, Muin J Khoury, Kimberly A Kaphingst
Cancer-related genetic and genomic testing (CGT) is changing cancer care by personalizing care options, leading to an era of precision medicine. Advances in and increased use of CGT add complexity to clinical communication. This landscape analysis assessed published reviews of communication issues related to CGT and discusses implications for practice and behavioral research. A comprehensive electronic literature search was conducted of peer-reviewed literature reviews on studies related to CGT communication published between January 2010 and January 2017, resulting in a final sample of 24 reviews...
January 29, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377041/use-of-a-web-portal-among-adult-clinic-patients-seen-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Steven S Coughlin, Vahé Heboyan, Lovoria B Williams, Christos Hatzigeorgiou
Background: To determine the number of adult clinic patients seen for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at an academic medical center and to examine characteristics of those who had or had not registered for a web portal. Methods: Electronic records were reviewed to identify web portal registration by patients treated for T2DM by age, sex, race and Hispanic ethnicity, and service (General Internal Medicine, Endocrinology). Results: A total of 1,401 patients with T2DM were seen in General Internal Medicine and Endocrinology outpatient clinics...
January 2018: J Hosp Manag Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374389/community-action-research-track-community-based-participatory-research-and-service-learning-experiences-for-medical-students
#8
Nora Gimpel, Tiffany Kindratt, Alvin Dawson, Patti Pagels
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) and service-learning are unique experiential approaches designed to train medical students how to provide individualized patient care from a population perspective. Medical schools in the US are required to provide support for service-learning and community projects. Despite this requirement, few medical schools offer structured service-learning. We developed the Community Action Research Track (CART) to integrate population medicine, health promotion/disease prevention and the social determinants of health into the medical school curriculum through CBPR and service-learning experiences...
January 26, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346690/using-standardized-patient-assessments-to-evaluate-a-health-literacy-curriculum
#9
Gail S Marion, Jade M Hairston, Stephen W Davis, Julienne K Kirk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients' health literacy is a growing concern as patients are expected to perform more self-care. While many US schools implement health literacy in their curricula, time spent on the topic ranges from 0 to 8 hours and is largely didactic. Evaluation of health literacy skills is not well defined. The effectiveness of a health literacy curriculum for third-year medical students was evaluated by two standardized patients assessments (SPAs). METHODS: All third-year medical students complete a required 4-week clerkship in family medicine...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336168/dementia-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-a-systematic-review
#10
Sara Mahmoud Yaghmour, Ruth Bartlett, Tula Brannelly
Globally, there is an increase in the older population, whose lives are affected by local cultural norms. In Eastern Mediterranean countries, dementia is conventionally hidden from view with few dedicated services or recognition for diagnosis. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the limited literature on dementia and cognitive impairment among older people in Eastern Mediterranean countries to present an evaluation of current practices and to consolidate knowledge for future planning. Thirty-three studies were identified for inclusion in the review, and four themes were apparent...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317189/the-association-of-health-literacy-with-illness-perceptions-medication-beliefs-and-medication-adherence-among-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Elizabeth Unni, Yen-Ming Huang, Cameron Lanier
BACKGROUND: Beliefs in medications and illness perceptions is associated with medication adherence among individuals with diabetes and several adherence interventions focus on patients' beliefs in medicines and illnesses. Though health literacy is important in medication adherence, the relationship between health literacy and medication adherence remains inconclusive; thus raising the question as to whether health literacy has an amplifying or reducing effect on the relationship between beliefs and adherence...
December 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304032/community-engaged-cumulative-risk-assessment-of-exposure-to-inorganic-well-water-contaminants-crow-reservation-montana
#12
Margaret J Eggers, John T Doyle, Myra J Lefthand, Sara L Young, Anita L Moore-Nall, Larry Kindness, Roberta Other Medicine, Timothy E Ford, Eric Dietrich, Albert E Parker, Joseph H Hoover, Anne K Camper
An estimated 11 million people in the US have home wells with unsafe levels of hazardous metals and nitrate. The national scope of the health risk from consuming this water has not been assessed as home wells are largely unregulated and data on well water treatment and consumption are lacking. Here, we assessed health risks from consumption of contaminated well water on the Crow Reservation by conducting a community-engaged, cumulative risk assessment. Well water testing, surveys and interviews were used to collect data on contaminant concentrations, water treatment methods, well water consumption, and well and septic system protection and maintenance practices...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302552/complementary-feeding-practices-among-children-aged-6-23-months-in-aligarh-uttar-pradesh
#13
Istiyaq Ahmad, Najam Khalique, Salman Khalil, Urfi, Mohd Maroof
Context: Complementary feeding practices play an important role in the growth and development of the children. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of complementary feeding practices among children aged 6-23 months and its association with various sociodemographic factors. Settings and Design: The study was a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted at field practice area of Urban Health Training Centre and Rural Health Training Centre, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300382/proposed-outcomes-measures-for-state-public-health-genomic-programs
#14
Debra Lochner Doyle, Mindy Clyne, Juan L Rodriguez, Deborah L Cragun, Laura Senier, Georgia Hurst, Kee Chan, David A Chambers
PurposeTo assess the implementation of evidence-based genomic medicine and its population-level impact on health outcomes and to promote public health genetics interventions, in 2015 the Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine formed an action collaborative, the Genomics and Public Health Action Collaborative (GPHAC). This group engaged key stakeholders from public/population health agencies, along with experts in the fields of health disparities, health literacy, implementation science, medical genetics, and patient advocacy...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240799/inappropriate-self-medication-among-adolescents-and-its-association-with-lower-medication-literacy-and-substance-use
#15
Chun-Hsien Lee, Fong-Ching Chang, Sheng-Der Hsu, Hsueh-Yun Chi, Li-Jung Huang, Ming-Kung Yeh
BACKGROUND: While self-medication is common, inappropriate self-medication has potential risks. This study assesses inappropriate self-medication among adolescents and examines the relationships among medication literacy, substance use, and inappropriate self-medication. METHOD: In 2016, a national representative sample of 6,226 students from 99 primary, middle, and high schools completed an online self-administered questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors related to inappropriate self-medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236095/health-literacy-and-hospital-length-of-stay-an-inpatient-cohort-study
#16
Ethan G Jaffee, Vineet M Arora, Madeleine I Matthiesen, David O Meltzer, Valerie G Press
BACKGROUND: Associations between low health literacy (HL) and adverse health outcomes have been well documented in the outpatient setting; however, few studies have examined associations between low HL and in-hospital outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare hospital length of stay (LOS) among patients with low HL and those with adequate HL. DESIGN: Hospital-based cohort study. SETTING: Academic urban tertiary-care hospital. PATIENTS: Hospitalized general medicine patients...
December 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226458/communicating-risk-in-dementia-care-survey-of-health-and-social-care-professionals
#17
Brian J Taylor, Mabel Stevenson, Michelle McDowell
Supporting people to live at home in line with community care policies requires increasing attention to assessing, communicating and managing risks. There is a challenge in supporting client choices that include risk-taking while demonstrating professional accountability. Risk communication becomes increasingly important with the need to engage clients and families in meaningful shared decision-making. This presents particular challenges in dementia services. This survey of risk communication in dementia care was administered to all health and social care professionals in community dementia services in Northern Ireland: June-September 2016...
December 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214832/tailored-educational-approaches-for-consumer-health-a-model-to-address-health-promotion-in-an-era-of-personalized-medicine
#18
Wendy F Cohn, Jason Lyman, Donna K Broshek, Thomas M Guterbock, David Hartman, Mable Kinzie, David Mick, Aaron Pannone, Vanessa Sturz, Jane Schubart, Arthur T Garson
PURPOSE: To develop a model, based on market segmentation, to improve the quality and efficiency of health promotion materials and programs. DESIGN: Market segmentation to create segments (groups) based on a cross-sectional questionnaire measuring individual characteristics and preferences for health information. Educational and delivery recommendations developed for each group. SETTING: General population of adults in Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of 1201 Virginia residents...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210557/improving-patient-safety-improving-communication
#19
Heather Bittner-Fagan, Joshua Davis, Margot Savoy
Communication among physicians, staff, and patients is a critical element in patient safety. Effective communication skills can be taught and improved through training and awareness. The practice of family medicine allows for long-term relationships with patients, which affords opportunities for ongoing, high-quality communication. There are many barriers to effective communication, including patient factors, clinician factors, and system factors, but tools and strategies exist to address these barriers, improve communication, and engage patients in their care...
December 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198996/the-relationship-of-health-literacy-to-diabetes-status-differs-by-sex-in-older-adults
#20
Michael Quartuccio, Eleanor M Simonsick, Susan Langan, Tamara Harris, Rebecca L Sudore, Roland Thorpe, Caterina Rosano, Felicia Hill-Briggs, Sherita Golden, Rita R Kalyani
OBJECTIVE: Lower health literacy is associated with higher rates of mortality and chronic disease. It remains unclear whether health literacy is associated with diabetes and/or hyperglycemia in older adults, and if this relationship differs by sex. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 2510 older adults in the Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study who had both a Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM) measurement and diabetes status available...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
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