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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879495/assessing-barriers-to-diabetes-medication-adherence-using-the-information-motivation-behavioral-skills-model
#1
Lyndsay A Nelson, Kenneth A Wallston, Sunil Kripalani, Lauren M LeStourgeon, Sarah E Williamson, Lindsay S Mayberry
AIMS: Medication nonadherence is a prevalent and costly problem among patients with type 2 diabetes. Applications of theory can inform and improve adherence promotion interventions. We used a new assessment based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral skills (IMB) model of adherence to assess patient-reported barriers and test the theoretical model. METHODS: Participants (N = 237) completed a card sorting task to identify barriers to adherence, a survey, and a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test...
June 4, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876716/training-community-clergy-in-serious-illness-balancing-faith-and-medicine
#2
Sarah E Koss, Ross Weissman, Vinca Chow, Patrick T Smith, Bethany Slack, Vitaliy Voytenko, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
Community-based clergy are highly engaged in helping seriously ill patients address spiritual concerns at the end of life (EOL). While they desire EOL training, no data exist in guiding how to conceptualize a clergy-training program. The objective of this study was used to identify best practices in an EOL training program for community clergy. As part of the National Clergy Project on End-of-Life Care, the project conducted key informant interviews and focus groups with active clergy in five US states (California, Illinois, Massachusetts, New York, and Texas)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852491/assessing-genetic-literacy-awareness-and-knowledge-gaps-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-health-information-national-trends-survey
#3
Melinda Krakow, Chelsea L Ratcliff, Bradford W Hesse, Alexandra J Greenberg-Worisek
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Public understanding of the role of genetics in disease risk is key to appropriate disease prevention and detection. This study assessed the current extent of awareness and use of genetic testing in the US population. Additionally, the study identified characteristics of subgroups more likely to be at risk for low genetic literacy. METHODS: The study used data from the National Cancer Institute's 2017 Health Information National Trends Survey, including measures of genetic testing awareness, genetic testing applications and genetic testing usage...
May 31, 2018: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844661/quick-screen-of-patients-numeracy-and-document-literacy-skills-the-factor-structure-of-the-newest-vital-sign
#4
Yen-Ming Huang, Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Paul D Smith, Hsun-Yu Chan
Introduction: The Newest Vital Sign (NVS) is a survey designed to measure general health literacy whereby an interviewer asks six questions related to information printed on a nutritional label from an ice cream container. It enables researchers to evaluate several health literacy dimensions in a short period of time, including document literacy, comprehension, quantitative literacy (numeracy), application, and evaluation. No study has empirically examined which items belong to which latent dimensions of health literacy in the NVS using factor analysis...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805071/validation-of-a-combined-health-literacy-and-numeracy-instrument-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Huabin Luo, Shivajirao P Patil, Qiang Wu, Ronny A Bell, Doyle M Cummings, Alyssa D Adams, Bertha Hambidge, Kay Craven, Fei Gao
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to validate a new consolidated measure of health literacy and numeracy (health literacy scale [HLS] plus the subjective numeracy scale [SNS]) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: A convenience sample (N = 102) of patients with T2DM was recruited from an academic family medicine center in the southeastern US between September-December 2017. Participants completed a questionnaire that included the composite HLS/SNS (22 questions) and a commonly used objective measure of health literacy-S-TOFHLA (40 questions)...
May 20, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785094/association-of-health-literacy-and-medication-self-efficacy-with-medication-adherence-and-diabetes-control
#6
Yen-Ming Huang, Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Paul D Smith
Introduction: The exact pathway linking health literacy, self-efficacy, medication adherence, and glycemic control for type 2 diabetes remains unclear. Understanding the relationship between patient factors, medication adherence, and lower glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) may help patients better manage their disease. This study examined the association of health literacy and medication self-efficacy with self-reported diabetes medication adherence, and the association of health literacy, medication self-efficacy, and self-reported diabetes medication adherence with HbA1c of patients with type 2 diabetes...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757928/understanding-of-information-about-medicines-use-among-parents-of-pre-school-children-in-serbia-parental-pharmacotherapy-literacy-questionnaire-pthl-sr
#7
Stana Ubavić, Nataša Bogavac-Stanojević, Aleksandra Jović-Vraneš, Dušanka Krajnović
Parental health literacy plays an important role in children’s health, Experiences from pharmacy practice show that is necessary to check if parents understand instructions about use of medicines for children. This study aimed to assess pharmacotherapy literacy of parents of pre-school children and to examine association of parental pharmacotherapy literacy level with parent’s socio-demographic characteristics. The study was cross-sectional, conducted among parents of pre-school children (1⁻7 years of age), in kindergartens in several municipalities of Belgrade, Serbia, during regular parents meetings, from May to October 2016...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705754/novel-augmented-reality-solution-for-improving-health-literacy-around-antihypertensives-in-people-living-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-protocol-of-a-technology-evaluation-study
#8
Alireza Ahmadvand, Judy Drennan, Jean Burgess, Michele Clark, David Kavanagh, Kara Burns, Sarah Howard, Fleur Kelly, Chris Campbell, Lisa Nissen
INTRODUCTION: Low health literacy is common in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (up to 40%), associated with decreased self-efficacy in managing T2DM and its important complications, mainly hypertension. This study introduces, for the first time, an easy-to-use solution based on augmented reality (AR) on smartphones, to enhance health literacy around antihypertensive medicines. It assesses the feasibility of the solution for improving health literacy, oriented specifically to angiotensin II receptor blockers; embedding the health literacy improvement into the use cycle of angiotensin II receptor blockers and providing continuous access to information as a form of patient engagement...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678029/how-can-information-and-communication-technology-improve-healthcare-inequalities-and-healthcare-inequity-the-concept-of-context-driven-care
#9
Kwang Chien Yee, Silvana Bettiol, Rosie Nash, Kate Macintyrne, Ming Chao Wong, Christian Nøhr
Advances in medicine have improved health and healthcare for many around the world. The challenge is achieving the best outcomes of health via healthcare delivery to every individual. Healthcare inequalities exist within a country and between countries. Health information technology (HIT) has provided a mean to deliver equal access to healthcare services regardless of social context and physical location. In order to achieve better health outcomes for every individual, socio-cultural factors, such as literacy and social context need to consider...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677034/functional-somatic-symptoms-across-cultures-perceptual-and-health-care-issues
#10
Bernd Löwe, Christian Gerloff
Functional neurological disorders are conceptualized as patterns of neurological symptoms that cannot be attributed to a clear organic etiology. The study by Wilkins et al. in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine reveals that 8.2% of patients who were initially presented with suspected stroke were later diagnosed with functional disorders, i.e., "functional stroke mimics." However, the percentage of functional stroke mimics varied substantially with patients' nationality, age, and sex. In this editorial comment, we discuss potential reasons for the intercultural variation of the frequency of functional stroke mimics...
June 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663619/new-directions-in-health-sciences-libraries-in-china
#11
Zhiyun Xie, Jianjing Zhang
This article briefly describes the services provided by Chinese health science libraries and the factors which influence service provision. Driven by new technologies and national initiatives, the key services delivered by Chinese health libraries in the last 10 years have been research support services (such as research impact assessment, support for data management), evidence-based medicine, systematic reviews, the promotion of health information literacy, and the development of institutional repositories...
June 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660383/dosage-form-modification-and-oral-drug-delivery-in-older-people
#12
Esther T L Lau, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie A Y Cichero, Lisa M Nissen
Many people cannot swallow whole tablets and capsules. The cause ranges from difficulties overriding the natural instinct to chew solids/foodstuff before swallowing, to a complex disorder of swallowing function affecting the ability to manage all food and fluid intake. Older people can experience swallowing difficulties because of co-morbidities, age-related physiological changes, and polypharmacy. To make medicines easier to swallow, many people will modify the medication dosage form e.g. split or crush tablets, and open capsules...
April 13, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658377/the-use-of-the-newest-vital-sign-health-literacy-instrument-in-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-disease
#13
Elizabeth Perry Caldwell, Patricia Carter, Heather Becker, Michael Mackert
The purpose of this article is to discuss the use of the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) health literacy instrument in adolescents with sickle cell disease. The NVS evaluates both literacy and numeracy (the ability to understand and work with numbers) as well as the ability to locate and apply information. It is important to validate the NVS for use in adolescents, as the only currently validated instrument, the Rapid Estimate of Adolescent Literacy in Medicine-Teen (REALM-Teen), does not measure numeracy or the ability to locate or apply information...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608433/effects-of-education-and-health-literacy-on-postoperative-hospital-visits-in-bariatric-surgery
#14
Stephen T Mahoney, Dahlia Tawfik-Sexton, Paula D Strassle, Timothy M Farrell, Meredith C Duke
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmissions following bariatric surgery are high and it is necessary to identify modifiable risk factors to minimize this postoperative cost. We hypothesize that lower levels of education and health literacy are associated with increased risks of nonadherence, thus leading to increased emergency department (ED) visits and preventable readmissions postoperatively. METHODS: Bariatric surgery patients presenting between October 2015 and December 2016 were administered a preoperative questionnaire that measured education level and the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Short Form (REALM-SF) health literacy test...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608246/the-global-landscape-of-nursing-and-genomics
#15
Kathleen A Calzone, Maggie Kirk, Emma Tonkin, Laurie Badzek, Caroline Benjamin, Anna Middleton
PURPOSE: Nurses have a pivotal role in bringing the benefits of genomics and precision medicine to everyday health care, but a concerted global effort is needed to transform nursing policy and practice to address widely acknowledged deficits in nurses' genomic literacy. The purpose was to conduct a global country and organization review of nursing engagement with genomics, informing a landscape analysis to assess readiness for integration of genomics into nursing. DESIGN: Global nursing leaders and nursing organizations were recruited using a purposive sampling strategy to complete an online survey that assessed the scope of genomic integration in practice and education, challenges and barriers, and priorities for action...
May 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600232/geographical-distribution-of-cervical-cancer-in-odisha-a-5-year-retrospective-study-at-a-regional-cancer-center
#16
Pradeep Kumar Hota, Niharika Panda, Bhagyalaxmi Nayak, Sagarika Samantaray
Background: Cancer cervix and breast are the two major female health problems in India. A hospital-based, 5-year (2010-2014) retrospective study was conducted at a regional cancer center of Odisha to analyze the present burden of cancer cervix in this state, which has a population of more than 45.5 million at present. Materials and Methods: All the patients suffering from cancer cervix that was treated by radiotherapy during 2010-2014 at this center were analyzed year wise for age, stage of disease, and native area...
January 2018: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596034/postdischarge-correlates-of-health-literacy-among-medicaid-inpatients
#17
Laurel A Copeland, John E Zeber, Lorie V Thibodeaux, Raphael T McIntyre, Eileen M Stock, Angela K Hochhalter
Health literacy may represent a target for intervention to improve hospital transitions. This study analyzed the association of health literacy with postdischarge utilization among Medicaid patients treated in an integrated health care system. Discharged inpatients covered by Medicaid (N = 112) participated in this observational study set in a single 600-bed hospital in a private, nonprofit, integrated health care system in the southwestern United States. Participants completed surveys within 15 days of discharge, self-reporting demographics, self-care behaviors, and 2 measures of health literacy (REALM-SF [Short Form of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine] and Chew [health literacy screen from Chew et al])...
March 29, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564920/advancing-health-literacy-among-hispanic-immigrants-the-intersection-between-education-and-health
#18
Francisco Soto Mas, Holly E Jacobson
Health literacy is a priority issue in both medicine and public health, as it refers to the capacity to obtain and understand basic health information and services and to make appropriate health decisions. Health literacy has been associated with a variety of health care and health outcomes such as hospital admissions, use of preventive services, management of chronic conditions, and mortality. There is also evidence of the connection between low health literacy and health disparities. Despite federal and private efforts, improving health literacy has proven to be an enormous challenge...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561461/a-randomized-controlled-study-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-pharmacist-led-educational-intervention-on-glycemic-control-self-care-activities-and-disease-knowledge-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-consort-compliant-study-protocol
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Allah Bukhsh, Muhammad Sarfraz Nawaz, Hafiz Sajjad Ahmed, Tahir Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-care activities, like, healthy diet, regular exercise, self-monitoring of blood glucose, and rational use of medicines are considered to play a vital role in establishing euglycemia. Health literacy among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in Pakistan is very low, which is the most likely cause for poor clinical outcomes. This study is designed to investigate the impact of pharmacist-led educational intervention on glycemic control, self-care activities and disease knowledge among T2DM patients in Pakistan...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558330/integrating-information-literacy-and-evidence-based-medicine-content-within-a-new-school-of-medicine-curriculum-process-and-outcome
#20
Joanne M Muellenbach, Kathryn M Houk, Dana E Thimons, Bredny Rodriguez
This column describes a process for integrating information literacy (IL) and evidence-based medicine (EBM) content within a new school of medicine curriculum. The project was a collaborative effort among health sciences librarians, curriculum deans, directors, and faculty. The health sciences librarians became members of the curriculum committees, developed a successful proposal for IL and EBM content within the curriculum, and were invited to become course instructors for Analytics in Medicine. As course instructors, the librarians worked with the other faculty instructors to design and deliver active learning class sessions based on a flipped classroom approach using a proprietary Information Mastery curriculum...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
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