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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893919/health-literacy-competencies-for-registered-nurses-an-e-delphi-study
#1
Coleen E Toronto
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine's landmark report, Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion, recommends that health professionals be trained to effectively communicate with patients with limited health literacy. Nurse-specific competencies that explicitly address the needs of patients with low health literacy are lacking. METHOD: A national group of nurse health literacy experts (N = 41) participated in a three-round e-Delphi study to identify essential health literacy competencies for RNs in any work setting...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890982/towards-a-better-health-care-delivery-system-the-tamil-nadu-model
#2
R Parthasarathi, S P Sinha
The Tamil Nadu model of public health is renowned for its success in providing quality health services at an affordable cost especially to the rural people. Tamil Nadu is the only state with a distinctive public health cadre in the district level and also the first state to enact a Public Health Act in 1939. Tamil Nadu has gained significant ground in the various aspects of health in the last few decades largely because of the significant reforms in its health sector which dates back to 1980s which saw rigorous expansion of rural health infrastructure in the state besides deployment of thousands of multipurpose health workers as village health nurses in rural areas...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870763/the-effect-of-psychosocial-and-neuropsychiatric-factors-on-medication-adherence-in-a-cohort-of-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#3
Cindy Flower, Ian Hambleton, Mike Campbell
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) reduces disease activity and the risk of flares. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated adherence in women with SLE who exhibit high morbidity and mortality. We evaluated demographic data and 2 conventional adherence predictors: self-efficacy and health literacy, along with 2 potential neuropsychiatric SLE complications: cognitive dysfunction and depression. METHODS: One hundred six women randomly selected from the Barbados National Lupus Registry completed the Self-efficacy for Appropriate Medication Use Scale, Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Short Form, Cognitive Symptom Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory II, and Morisky's Medication Adherence Questionnaire (MAQ)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870322/information-literacy-advocates-developing-student-skills-through-a-peer-support-approach
#4
Ruth Curtis
Since 2013/2014, an Information Literacy Advocates (ILA) scheme has been running at the University of Nottingham as an extracurricular module on the Nottingham Advantage Award programme. The Information Literacy Advocates scheme, which recruits medicine and health sciences students in their second year or above, aims to facilitate development of information literacy skills and confidence, as well as communication, organisation and teamwork, through the provision of peer support. Previous research indicates peer assistance effectively enhances such skills and is valued by fellow students who welcome the opportunity to approach more experienced students for help...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817171/comparing-medication-adherence-tools-scores-and-number-of-controlled-diseases-among-low-literacy-patients-discharged-from-a-brazilian-cardiology-ward
#5
Patrícia Carvalho Baruel Okumura, Lucas Miyake Okumura, Wálleri Christini Torelli Reis, Rangel Ray Godoy, Bianca de Oliveira Cata-Preta, Thais Teles de Souza, Maria Luiza Drechsel Fávero, Cassyano Januário Correr
Background Adherence to prescribed drug therapy is associated with lower rates of cardiovascular causes of death. In view of the relevance for public health, it is important to understand the relation between medication adherence tools' scores, especially in low literacy patients discharged from a cardiology ward. Objectives We aimed to assess: (a) the association between number of controlled clinical conditions and adherence tools scores, and (b) the correlation between the scores of three instruments to assess adherence...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816544/low-health-literacy-flashcards-mobile-video-reinforcement-to-improve-medication-adherence-in-patients-on-oral-diabetes-heart-failure-and-hypertension-medications
#6
Denise L Yeung, Kristin S Alvarez, Marissa E Quinones, Christopher A Clark, George H Oliver, Carlos A Alvarez, Adeola O Jaiyeola
OBJECTIVE: To design and investigate a pharmacist-run intervention using low health literacy flashcards and a smartphone-activated quick response (QR) barcoded educational flashcard video to increase medication adherence and disease state understanding. DESIGN: Prospective, matched, quasi-experimental design. SETTING: County health system in Dallas, Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight primary care patients prescribed targeted heart failure, hypertension, and diabetes medications INTERVENTION: Low health literacy medication and disease specific flashcards, which were also available as QR-coded online videos, were designed for the intervention patients...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788790/health-literacy-knowledge-and-patient-satisfaction-before-kidney-transplantation
#7
J Jones, N Rosaasen, J Taylor, R Mainra, A Shoker, D Blackburn, J Wilson, H Mansell
BACKGROUND: Poor health literacy is associated with inferior outcomes in kidney transplant recipients, and knowledge remains suboptimal in this population. The goal of this study was to characterize the health literacy, kidney transplant knowledge, medication beliefs, and education satisfaction in a cohort of patients waiting to undergo kidney transplantation. METHODS: All patients on the wait-list in 1 Canadian center were invited to participate in the study. A research assistant administered the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults and its numeracy section, the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire, the Kidney Transplant Understanding Tool, and questions regarding satisfaction...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748248/implementation-of-sleep-and-circadian-science-recommendations-from-the-sleep-research-society-and-national-institutes-of-health-workshop
#8
Sairam Parthasarathy, Mary A Carskadon, Girardin Jean-Louis, Judith Owens, Adam Bramoweth, Daniel Combs, Lauren Hale, Elizabeth Harrison, Chantelle N Hart, Brant P Hasler, Sarah M Honaker, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Samuel Kuna, Clete Kushida, Jessica C Levenson, Caitlin Murray, Allan I Pack, Vivek Pillai, Kristi Pruiksma, Azizi Seixas, Patrick Strollo, Saurabh S Thosar, Natasha Williams, Daniel Buysse
A wealth of scientific knowledge is being generated in sleep and circadian science. In order for us to realize the return on investment for such scientific knowledge and to improve the health of the nation, we need to disseminate and implement research findings into practice. An implementation gap - termed a "quality chasm" by the Institutes of Medicine - separates the scientific knowledge we possess and the implementation of such knowledge into preventative interventions or healthcare treatments. It is frequently reported that a time lag of 17 years transpires before medical research reaches clinical practice...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731863/health-sciences-students-self-assessment-of-information-and-communication-technology-skills-and-attitude-toward-e-learning
#9
Ali Jassem Buabbas, Hamza Mohammad Hassan Al-Shawaf, Abdullah Abdulaziz Almajran
BACKGROUND: In medical education, information and communication technology (ICT) knowledge and skills have become a necessity and an integral part of preparing tomorrow's doctors to be sufficiently competent to use informatics resources effectively and efficiently for the best practice of medicine. OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to study the literacy of the preprofessional students in ICT before and after taking the basic informatics course at the Health Sciences Center at Kuwait University, to understand their potential and their attitudes toward using ICT, including e-learning...
June 20, 2016: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681748/radiation-oncology-and-online-patient-education-materials-deviating-from-nih-and-ama-recommendations
#10
Arpan V Prabhu, David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, David A Clump, Dwight E Heron
PURPOSE: Physicians encourage patients to be informed about their health care options, but much of the online health care-related resources can be beneficial only if patients are capable of comprehending it. This study's aim was to assess the readability level of online patient education resources for radiation oncology to conclude whether they meet the general public's health literacy needs as determined by the guidelines of the United States National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA)...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664312/cognitive-function-and-health-literacy-are-independently-associated-with-heart-failure-knowledge
#11
Misty A W Hawkins, Mary A Dolansky, Jennifer B Levin, Julie T Schaefer, John Gunstad, Joseph D Redle, Richard Josephson, Joel W Hughes
OBJECTIVES: Determine the relationship between cognitive function and health literacy in heart failure (HF) knowledge in patients with HF. BACKGROUND: HF requires extensive, complex treatment; thus, cognition and health literacy may contribute to understanding and self-management of HF. METHODS: Participants were 330 HF outpatients. Health literacy was assessed using the Medical Term Recognition Test and the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine...
September 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662117/implantable-medical-device-website-efficacy-in-informing-consumers-weighing-benefits-risks-of-health-care-options
#12
Teresa Wagner, Calandra Lindstadt, Yongwoog Jeon, Michael Mackert
As more individuals turn to the Internet for health-related information and technology increases the availability and use of implantable medical devices (IMDs), the websites marketing these devices will increase. Healthy People 2020 mandates increased understandability and usability of health-related websites. This project used social cognitive theory (SCT) and health literacy constructs from the Institute of Medicine and National Institutes of Health to analyze eight IMD websites. Despite current recommendations, none of the websites considered for this study offered content of an appropriate reading level in conjunction with the United States average of eighth grade, and 75% of the sites failed to satisfy more than one health literacy construct...
2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660917/postdischarge-falls-and-readmissions-associations-with-insufficient-vision-and-low-health-literacy-among-hospitalized-seniors
#13
Ethan G Jaffee, Vineet M Arora, Madeleine I Matthiesen, Seenu M Hariprasad, David O Meltzer, Valerie G Press
The role of patient-level risk factors such as insufficient vision has been understudied. Because insufficient vision may interfere with health literacy assessments, the full impact of low health literacy among older patients with impaired vision is unknown. We sought to determine whether senior inpatients' insufficient vision and low health literacy are associated with adverse outcomes postdischarge, specifically falls and readmissions. We conducted an observational study of adult medicine inpatients at an urban hospital...
2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640010/diet-and-blood-pressure-control-in-chinese-canadians-cultural-considerations
#14
Ping Zou
Hypertension is highly prevalent in Chinese Canadians and diet has been identified as an important modifiable risk factor for hypertension. The current anti-hypertensive dietary recommendations in hypertension care guidelines lack examination of cultural factors, are not culturally sensitive to ethnic populations, and cannot be translated to Chinese Canadian populations without cultural considerations. Guided by Leininger's Sunrise Model of culture care theory, this paper investigates how cultural factors impact Chinese Canadians' dietary practice...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636216/health-care-disparities-among-english-speaking-and-spanish-speaking-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-at-public-and-private-hospitals-what-are-the-barriers
#15
Alexandriah N Alas, Gena C Dunivan, Cecelia K Wieslander, Claudia Sevilla, Biatris Barrera, Rezoana Rashid, Sally Maliski, Karen Eilber, Rebecca G Rogers, Jennifer Tash Anger
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare perceptions and barriers between Spanish-speaking and English-speaking women in public and private hospitals being treated for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: Eight focus groups, 4 in English and 4 in Spanish, were conducted at 3 institutions with care in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery. Standardized questions were asked regarding patients' emotions to when they initially noticed the POP, if they sought family support, and their response to the diagnosis and treatment...
September 16, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633263/implementation-science-genomic-precision-medicine-and-improved-health-a-new-path-forward
#16
Janet K Williams, W Gregory Feero, Debra G B Leonard, Bernice Coleman
Implementation of genomic discoveries into health care optimally includes evaluation of outcomes for recipients of care, providers, payers, and health care systems. However, the influence of specific aspects of the implementation process on observed outcomes may be missed if assessment of implementation success is not built into the implementation design. The intersection of implementation science with genomics may provide new insights on how to maximize the benefits of emerging genomic technologies in health care...
August 20, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570660/my-cancer-genome-evaluating-an-educational-model-to-introduce-patients-and-caregivers-to-precision-medicine-information
#17
Sheila V Kusnoor, Taneya Y Koonce, Mia A Levy, Christine M Lovly, Helen M Naylor, Ingrid A Anderson, Christine M Micheel, Sheau-Chiann Chen, Fei Ye, Nunzia B Giuse
This study tested an innovative model for creating consumer-level content about precision medicine based on health literacy and learning style principles. "Knowledge pearl" videos, incorporating multiple learning modalities, were created to explain genetic and cancer medicine concepts. Cancer patients and caregivers (n=117) were randomized to view professional-level content directly from the My Cancer Genome (MCG) website (Group A; control), content from MCG with knowledge pearls embedded (Group B), or a consumer translation, targeted at the sixth grade level, with knowledge pearls embedded (Group C)...
2016: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566732/development-and-validation-of-the-patient-experience-with-treatment-and-self-management-pets-a-patient-reported-measure-of-treatment-burden
#18
David T Eton, Kathleen J Yost, Jin-Shei Lai, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Jason S Egginton, Jordan K Rosedahl, Mark Linzer, Deborah H Boehm, Azra Thakur, Sara Poplau, Laura Odell, Victor M Montori, Carl R May, Roger T Anderson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a new comprehensive patient-reported measure of treatment burden-the Patient Experience with Treatment and Self-management (PETS). METHODS: A conceptual framework was used to derive the PETS with items reviewed and cognitively tested with patients. A survey battery, including a pilot version of the PETS, was mailed to 838 multi-morbid patients from two healthcare institutions for validation. RESULTS: A total of 332 multi-morbid patients returned completed surveys...
August 26, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543930/insufficient-evidence-on-health-literacy-amongst-indigenous-people-with-cancer-a-systematic-literature-review
#19
Belinda Thewes, Kirsten McCaffery, Esther Davis, Gail Garvey
BACKGROUND: Indigenous people experience poorer cancer survival outcomes compared with non-Indigenous people. Currently, there is growing awareness of poor health literacy as a determinant of cancer outcomes. However, little attention has been given to researching cancer-related health literacy amongst Indigenous people. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review empirical studies of cancer health literacy amongst Indigenous people worldwide. METHODS: Articles were identified in Medline (1946-2013); Pre-Medline; CINAHL; PsycINFO (1967-2013); PubMed; Current Contents/All Editions (1993-2013); Allied Health and Complimentary Medicine (1985-2013), and in the reference lists of retrieved articles and by expert consultation...
August 20, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542666/a-patient-centered-prescription-drug-label-to-promote-appropriate-medication-use-and-adherence
#20
Michael S Wolf, Terry C Davis, Laura M Curtis, Stacy Cooper Bailey, JoAnn Pearson Knox, Ashley Bergeron, Mercedes Abbet, William H Shrank, Ruth M Parker, Alastair J J Wood
BACKGROUND: Patient misunderstanding of prescription drug label instructions is a common cause of unintentional misuse of medication and adverse health outcomes. Those with limited literacy and English proficiency are at greater risk. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a patient-centered drug label strategy, including a Universal Medication Schedule (UMS), to improve proper regimen use and adherence compared to a current standard. DESIGN: Two-arm, multi-site patient-randomized pragmatic trial...
December 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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