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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#1
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182803/patient-level-exclusions-from-mhealth-in-a-safety-net-health-system
#2
Keiki Hinami, Bhrandon A Harris, Ricardo Uriostegui, Wilnise Jasmin, Mario Lopez, William E Trick
Excitement about mobile health (mHealth) for improving care transitions is fueled by widespread adoption of smartphones across all social segments, but new disparities can emerge around nonadopters of technology-based communications. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of urban low-income adults to assess inadequate reading health literacy and limited English proficiency as factors affecting access to and engagement with mHealth. Although the proportion owning smartphones were comparable to national figures, adjusted analysis showed fewer patients with inadequate reading health literacy having Internet access (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156469/edmonton-symptom-assessment-scale-esas-time-duration-of-self-completion-versus-assisted-completion-in-palliative-care-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Alfredo Rodriguez-Nunez, Supakarn Tayjasanant, Minjeong Park, Diane D Liu, Julio Allo, Susan Frisbee-Hume, Eduardo Bruera
: 67 Background: ESAS is a multidimensional assessment tool for self-reporting of symptom intensity. Unfortunately, ESAS is not used often in clinical care due to the perception that it may be time consuming. Our aim was to compare the time duration of self-completion (SC) of ESAS for the first time by patients with advanced cancer vs. assisted-completion (AC) with a health care professional (HCP). METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, patients with advanced cancer who have never completed the ESAS at MD Anderson were allocated (1:1) with a web-based system to either to self-completion of the ESAS form vs assisted completion by the research assistant...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093057/if-it-works-for-pills-can-it-work-for-skills-direct-to-consumer-social-marketing-of-evidence-based-psychological-treatments
#4
Robert D Friedberg, Hasan Bayar
The emergence of evidence-based psychological treatments (EVPTs) is a scientific success story, but unfortunately the application of these empirically supported procedures has been slow to gain ground in treatment-as-usual settings. This Open Forum commentary argues that direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing, which has worked well in communicating the advantages of various medicines, should perhaps be considered for use in social marketing of EVPTs. DTC marketing of pharmaceuticals is a long-standing advertising strategy in the United States...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093024/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-dentistry-treald-30
#5
Kadriye Peker, Taha Emre Köse, Beliz Güray, Ömer Uysal, Tamer Lütfi Erdem
OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt the Turkish version of Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (TREALD-30) for Turkish-speaking adult dental patients and to evaluate its psychometric properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, TREALD-30 was tested in a sample of 127 adult patients who attended a dental school clinic in Istanbul. Data were collected through clinical examinations and self-completed questionnaires, including TREALD-30, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), two health literacy screening questions, and socio-behavioral characteristics...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#6
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064508/assessing-the-effect-of-pharmacist-care-on-diabetes-related-outcomes-in-a-rural-outpatient-clinic
#7
Cynthia Moreau, Karen R Sando, Daniel H Zambrano
BACKGROUND: The care of diabetic patients in rural areas is complicated by factors such as poor health literacy, cultural barriers, and primary care provider (PCP) shortages. Integrating pharmacist care in diabetes management in these settings may increase access to care and improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in diabetes-related outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) managed by a pharmacist diabetes clinic compared with patients only managed by PCPs in a rural family medicine clinic...
December 1, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043712/pharmaceutical-pictograms-for-low-literate-patients-understanding-risk-of-false-confidence-and-evidence-based-design-strategies
#8
Mara M van Beusekom, Anne M Land-Zandstra, Mark J W Bos, Jos M van den Broek, Henk-Jan Guchelaar
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to (1) evaluate ten pharmaceutical pictograms for low-literate patients on understandability, (2) assess the risk of false confidence in understanding, and (3) identify how the design can be improved to increase understandability. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with n=197 pharmacy visitors in the Netherlands. Additional qualitative discussions were held with n=30 adequately and n=25 low-literate participants (assessed with REALM-D)...
December 19, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992491/survivorship-care-plan-information-needs-perspectives-of-safety-net-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Nancy J Burke, Tessa M Napoles, Priscilla J Banks, Fern S Orenstein, Judith A Luce, Galen Joseph
PURPOSE: Despite the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) 2005 recommendation, few care organizations have instituted standard survivorship care plans (SCPs). Low health literacy and low English proficiency are important factors to consider in SCP development. Our study aimed to identify information needs and survivorship care plan preferences of low literacy, multi-lingual patients to support the transition from oncology to primary care and ongoing learning in survivorship. METHODS: We conducted focus groups in five languages with African American, Latina, Russian, Filipina, White, and Chinese medically underserved breast cancer patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923368/what-do-beginning-students-in-a-rurally-focused-medical-course-think-about-rural-practice
#10
Louise Young, Daniel B Lindsay, Robin A Ray
BACKGROUND: Medical schools may select students for their attitudes towards rural medical practice, yet the rural-urban disparity in availability of medical practitioners and services has not diminished in recent times despite government initiatives and increasing numbers being trained for a career in medicine. One medical school, with a focus on rural and remote medicine, aims to select students with positive perceptions for rural medical practice. A research project collected data on the perceptions of these medical students in the first week of their medical studies...
December 7, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893919/health-literacy-competencies-for-registered-nurses-an-e-delphi-study
#11
Coleen E Toronto
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine's landmark report, Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion, recommends that health professionals be trained to effectively communicate with patients with limited health literacy. Nurse-specific competencies that explicitly address the needs of patients with low health literacy are lacking. METHOD: A national group of nurse health literacy experts (N = 41) participated in a three-round e-Delphi study to identify essential health literacy competencies for RNs in any work setting...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890982/towards-a-better-health-care-delivery-system-the-tamil-nadu-model
#12
R Parthasarathi, S P Sinha
The Tamil Nadu model of public health is renowned for its success in providing quality health services at an affordable cost especially to the rural people. Tamil Nadu is the only state with a distinctive public health cadre in the district level and also the first state to enact a Public Health Act in 1939. Tamil Nadu has gained significant ground in the various aspects of health in the last few decades largely because of the significant reforms in its health sector which dates back to 1980s which saw rigorous expansion of rural health infrastructure in the state besides deployment of thousands of multipurpose health workers as village health nurses in rural areas...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870763/the-effect-of-psychosocial-and-neuropsychiatric-factors-on-medication-adherence-in-a-cohort-of-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#13
Cindy Flower, Ian Hambleton, Mike Campbell
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) reduces disease activity and the risk of flares. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated adherence in women with SLE who exhibit high morbidity and mortality. We evaluated demographic data and 2 conventional adherence predictors: self-efficacy and health literacy, along with 2 potential neuropsychiatric SLE complications: cognitive dysfunction and depression. METHODS: One hundred six women randomly selected from the Barbados National Lupus Registry completed the Self-efficacy for Appropriate Medication Use Scale, Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Short Form, Cognitive Symptom Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory II, and Morisky's Medication Adherence Questionnaire (MAQ)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870322/information-literacy-advocates-developing-student-skills-through-a-peer-support-approach
#14
Ruth Curtis
Since 2013/2014, an Information Literacy Advocates (ILA) scheme has been running at the University of Nottingham as an extracurricular module on the Nottingham Advantage Award programme. The Information Literacy Advocates scheme, which recruits medicine and health sciences students in their second year or above, aims to facilitate development of information literacy skills and confidence, as well as communication, organisation and teamwork, through the provision of peer support. Previous research indicates peer assistance effectively enhances such skills and is valued by fellow students who welcome the opportunity to approach more experienced students for help...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817171/comparing-medication-adherence-tools-scores-and-number-of-controlled-diseases-among-low-literacy-patients-discharged-from-a-brazilian-cardiology-ward
#15
Patrícia Carvalho Baruel Okumura, Lucas Miyake Okumura, Wálleri Christini Torelli Reis, Rangel Ray Godoy, Bianca de Oliveira Cata-Preta, Thais Teles de Souza, Maria Luiza Drechsel Fávero, Cassyano Januário Correr
Background Adherence to prescribed drug therapy is associated with lower rates of cardiovascular causes of death. In view of the relevance for public health, it is important to understand the relation between medication adherence tools' scores, especially in low literacy patients discharged from a cardiology ward. Objectives We aimed to assess: (a) the association between number of controlled clinical conditions and adherence tools scores, and (b) the correlation between the scores of three instruments to assess adherence...
December 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816544/low-health-literacy-flashcards-mobile-video-reinforcement-to-improve-medication-adherence-in-patients-on-oral-diabetes-heart-failure-and-hypertension-medications
#16
Denise L Yeung, Kristin S Alvarez, Marissa E Quinones, Christopher A Clark, George H Oliver, Carlos A Alvarez, Adeola O Jaiyeola
OBJECTIVE: To design and investigate a pharmacist-run intervention using low health literacy flashcards and a smartphone-activated quick response (QR) barcoded educational flashcard video to increase medication adherence and disease state understanding. DESIGN: Prospective, matched, quasi-experimental design. SETTING: County health system in Dallas, Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight primary care patients prescribed targeted heart failure, hypertension, and diabetes medications INTERVENTION: Low health literacy medication and disease specific flashcards, which were also available as QR-coded online videos, were designed for the intervention patients...
January 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788790/health-literacy-knowledge-and-patient-satisfaction-before-kidney-transplantation
#17
J Jones, N Rosaasen, J Taylor, R Mainra, A Shoker, D Blackburn, J Wilson, H Mansell
BACKGROUND: Poor health literacy is associated with inferior outcomes in kidney transplant recipients, and knowledge remains suboptimal in this population. The goal of this study was to characterize the health literacy, kidney transplant knowledge, medication beliefs, and education satisfaction in a cohort of patients waiting to undergo kidney transplantation. METHODS: All patients on the wait-list in 1 Canadian center were invited to participate in the study. A research assistant administered the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults and its numeracy section, the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire, the Kidney Transplant Understanding Tool, and questions regarding satisfaction...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748248/implementation-of-sleep-and-circadian-science-recommendations-from-the-sleep-research-society-and-national-institutes-of-health-workshop
#18
Sairam Parthasarathy, Mary A Carskadon, Girardin Jean-Louis, Judith Owens, Adam Bramoweth, Daniel Combs, Lauren Hale, Elizabeth Harrison, Chantelle N Hart, Brant P Hasler, Sarah M Honaker, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Samuel Kuna, Clete Kushida, Jessica C Levenson, Caitlin Murray, Allan I Pack, Vivek Pillai, Kristi Pruiksma, Azizi Seixas, Patrick Strollo, Saurabh S Thosar, Natasha Williams, Daniel Buysse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731863/health-sciences-students-self-assessment-of-information-and-communication-technology-skills-and-attitude-toward-e-learning
#19
Ali Jassem Buabbas, Hamza Mohammad Hassan Al-Shawaf, Abdullah Abdulaziz Almajran
BACKGROUND: In medical education, information and communication technology (ICT) knowledge and skills have become a necessity and an integral part of preparing tomorrow's doctors to be sufficiently competent to use informatics resources effectively and efficiently for the best practice of medicine. OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to study the literacy of the preprofessional students in ICT before and after taking the basic informatics course at the Health Sciences Center at Kuwait University, to understand their potential and their attitudes toward using ICT, including e-learning...
June 20, 2016: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681748/radiation-oncology-and-online-patient-education-materials-deviating-from-nih-and-ama-recommendations
#20
Arpan V Prabhu, David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, David A Clump, Dwight E Heron
PURPOSE: Physicians encourage patients to be informed about their health care options, but much of the online health care-related resources can be beneficial only if patients are capable of comprehending it. This study's aim was to assess the readability level of online patient education resources for radiation oncology to conclude whether they meet the general public's health literacy needs as determined by the guidelines of the United States National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA)...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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