keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antenatal testing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076637/a-five-year-review-of-vertical-hiv-transmission-in-a-specialized-service-cross-sectional-study
#1
Izabel Cristina Hoffmann, Wendel Mombaque Dos Santos, Stela Maris de Mello Padoin, Sonia Maria Oliveira de Barros
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Healthcare professionals need to instill the process of prevention, control and treatment of people infected with HIV into care practice. Through maintaining preventive treatment among HIV-infected pregnant women, it has been demonstrated that prophylactic antiretroviral therapy, scheduled cesarean section and the prohibition of breastfeeding significantly reduce vertical HIV transmission. This study aimed to assess the rates of vertical HIV transmission in a specialized service and identify the factors associated with it...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072476/aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-correlation-between-fetal-and-neonatal-abnormalities-and-abnormal-genetic-screening-or-testing
#2
Angela C Ranzini, Francine Hyman, Emily Jamaer, Tim van Mieghem
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether fetuses with an isolated aberrant course of the right subclavian artery (ARSA) have increased risk for chromosomal abnormalities, including trisomy 21 or 22q11 deletion. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all fetuses with antenatally diagnosed ARSA. Data were collected from fetal anatomic surveys, fetal echocardiograms, noninvasive trisomy 21 screening programs, invasive genetic studies, and neonatal records. RESULTS: Seventy-nine fetuses with ARSA were identified at 20...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063749/symmetrical-thalamic-calcification-a-trio-whole-exome-sequencing-negative-series
#3
Kathleen Mary Gorman, John James Aird, Judith Conroy, Deirdre Devaney, Michael Farrell, Mary Dolores King
Symmetrical thalamic calcification or bilateral symmetrical thalamic gliosis presents at delivery with hypertonia, fixed flexion contractures and prominent bulbar signs, without preceding perinatal asphyxia. At post-mortem, there is evidence of bilateral symmetrical selective thalamic neuronal encrustation and gliosis. To date, 27 cases are published with no underlying diagnosis identified. Two affected children from singleton pregnancies were reported and therefore, a genetic cause proposed. No previous reports have performed genetic testing to confirm or reject this hypothesis...
January 4, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056877/antenatal-care-trial-interventions-a-systematic-scoping-review-and-taxonomy-development-of-care-models
#4
Andrew Symon, Jan Pringle, Soo Downe, Vanora Hundley, Elaine Lee, Fiona Lynn, Alison McFadden, Jenny McNeill, Mary J Renfrew, Mary Ross-Davie, Edwin van Teijlingen, Heather Whitford, Fiona Alderdice
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care models vary widely around the world, reflecting local contexts, drivers and resources. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have tested the impact of multi-component antenatal care interventions on service delivery and outcomes in many countries since the 1980s. Some have applied entirely new schemes, while others have modified existing care delivery approaches. Systematic reviews (SRs) indicate that some specific antenatal interventions are more effective than others; however the causal mechanisms leading to better outcomes are poorly understood, limiting implementation and future research...
January 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056829/seroprevalence-and-determinants-of-toxoplasmosis-in-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-at-the-university-teaching-hospital-lusaka-zambia
#5
Christiana Frimpong, Mpundu Makasa, Lungowe Sitali, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is a neglected zoonotic disease which is prevalent among pregnant women especially in Africa. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence and determinants of the disease among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH). METHOD: A cross-sectional study was employed where 411 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at UTH were interviewed using closed ended questionnaires. Their blood was also tested for Toxoplasma gondii IgG and IgM antibodies using the OnSite Toxo IgG/IgM Combo Rapid test cassettes by CTK Biotech, Inc, USA...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056822/the-first-occurrence-of-a-ctx-m-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-outbreak-mediated-by-mother-to-neonate-transmission-in-an-irish-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#6
Ciara O'Connor, Roy K Philip, John Kelleher, James Powell, Alan O'Gorman, Barbara Slevin, Neil Woodford, Jane F Turton, Elaine McGrath, Cathriona Finnegan, Lorraine Power, Nuala H O'Connell, Colum P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli (E. coli) comprise part of the normal vaginal microflora. Transfer from mother to neonate can occur during delivery resulting, sometimes, in neonatal bacterial disease. Here, we aim to report the first outbreak of CTX-M ESBL-producing E. coli with evidence of mother-to-neonate transmission in an Irish neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) followed by patient-to-patient transmission. METHODS: Investigation including molecular typing was conducted...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049451/feasibility-study-of-hiv-sentinel-surveillance-using-pmtct-data-in-cameroon-from-scientific-success-to-programmatic-failure
#7
Serge C Billong, Jacob Dee, Joseph Fokam, Georges Nguefack-Tsague, Gabriel L Ekali, Raoul Fodjo, Edith S Temgoua, Edson-Joan Billong, Samuel M Sosso, Jembia J Mosoko, Francisca Monebenimp, Alexis Ndjolo, Anne-Cecile Z-K Bissek, Omotayo Bolu, Jean-Bosco N Elat
BACKGROUND: In low-income countries (LICs), HIV sentinel surveillance surveys (HIV-SSS) are recommended in between two demographic and health surveys, due to low-cost than the latter. Using the classical unlinked anonymous testing (UAT), HIV-SSS among pregnant women raised certain ethical and financial challenges. We therefore aimed at evaluating how to use prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) routine data as an alternative approach for HIV-SSS in LICs. METHODS: A survey conducted through 2012 among first antenatal-care attendees (ANC1) in the ten regions of Cameroon...
January 3, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042822/enduring-sexually-dimorphic-impact-of-in-utero-exposure-to-elevated-levels-of-glucocorticoids-on-midbrain-dopaminergic-populations
#8
REVIEW
Glenda E Gillies, Kanwar Virdee, Ilse Pienaar, Felwah Al-Zaid, Jeffrey W Dalley
Glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) released from the fetal/maternal glands during late gestation are required for normal development of mammalian organs and tissues. Accordingly, synthetic glucocorticoids have proven to be invaluable in perinatal medicine where they are widely used to accelerate fetal lung maturation when there is risk of pre-term birth and to promote infant survival. However, clinical and pre-clinical studies have demonstrated that inappropriate exposure of the developing brain to elevated levels of GCs, either as a result of clinical over-use or after stress-induced activation of the fetal/maternal adrenal cortex, is linked with significant effects on brain structure, neurological function and behaviour in later life...
December 30, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029583/acr-appropriateness-criteria-assessment-of-fetal-well-being
#9
Lynn Simpson, Nadia J Khati, Sandeep P Deshmukh, Kika M Dudiak, Mukesh G Harisinghani, Tara L Henrichsen, Benjamin J Meyer, David A Nyberg, Liina Poder, Thomas D Shipp, Carolyn M Zelop, Phyllis Glanc
Although there is limited evidence that antepartum testing decreases the risk for fetal death in low-risk pregnancies, women with high-risk factors for stillbirth should undergo antenatal fetal surveillance. The strongest evidence supporting antepartum testing pertains to pregnancies complicated by intrauterine fetal growth restriction secondary to uteroplacental insufficiency. The main ultrasound-based modalities to determine fetal health are the biophysical profile, modified biophysical profile, and duplex Doppler velocimetry...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029229/on-site-test-to-detect-syphilis-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-test-accuracy-studies
#10
REVIEW
E Rogozińska, L Kara-Newton, J R Zamora, K S Khan
BACKGROUND: Syphilis in pregnancy can lead to fetal and neonatal death or congenital anomalies. Accurate on-site tests are an essential part of effective prevention of mother-to-child transmission of the disease. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review assessed the accuracy of on-site tests to detect infection with Treponema pallidum in pregnant women. SEARCH STRATEGY: Major databases were searched from inception to January 2016 using terms: 'pregnancy', 'antenatal', 'syphilis', 'Treponema pallidum' with their variations, and the search limit for the relevant study design...
December 28, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012405/an-assessment-of-mode-of-delivery-in-history-indicated-versus-ultrasound-indicated-vaginally-placed-cervical-cerclage
#11
Lisa Story, Andrew Shennan
OBJECTIVE: Treatment modalities to reduce the incidence of preterm birth are currently limited. Cerclage, is a common and established intervention in most obstetrics units worldwide, however, many questions regarding its efficacy, with respect to pregnancy outcomes remain unanswered. This study aims to investigate whether an antenatal placed cerclage affects the subsequent mode of delivery in women at high risk of preterm birth who labour. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case controlled study was performed at St Thomas's Hospital London...
November 27, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008343/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-in-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-in-honiara-solomon-islands-2015
#12
Aneley Getahun, Margaret Baekalia, Nixon Panda, Alice Lee, Elliot Puiahi, Sabiha Khan, Donald Tahani, Doris Manongi
AIM: To determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Honiara, Solomon Islands. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in seven area health centers in Honiara. From March to June 2015, identification of eligible pregnant women in each site was conducted using systematic random sampling technique. A total of 243 pregnant women who gave written informed consent were enrolled...
December 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008284/implementation-of-co-trimoxazole-preventive-therapy-policy-for-malaria-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-the-public-health-facilities-in-tanzania
#13
Appolinary Ar Kamuhabwa, Richard Gordian, Ritah F Mutagonda
BACKGROUND: In 2011, Tanzania adopted a policy for provision of daily co-trimoxazole prophylaxis to HIV-infected pregnant women for prevention of malaria and other opportunistic infections. As per the policy, HIV-infected pregnant women should not be given sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for intermittent preventive therapy. The challenges associated with this policy change and the extent to which the new policy for prevention of malaria in pregnant women coinfected with HIV was implemented need to be assessed...
2016: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006001/detectable-viral-load-in-late-pregnancy-among-women-in-the-rwanda-option-b-pmtct-program-enrollment-results-from-the-kabeho-study
#14
Michelle M Gill, Heather J Hoffman, Emily A Bobrow, Placidie Mugwaneza, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Gilles F Ndayisaba, Cyprien Baribwira, Laura Guay, Anita Asiimwe
There are limited viral load (VL) data available from programs implementing "Option B+," lifelong antiretroviral treatment (ART) to all HIV-positive pregnant and postpartum women, in resource-limited settings. Extent of viral suppression from a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV program in Rwanda was assessed among women enrolled in the Kigali Antiretroviral and Breastfeeding Assessment for the Elimination of HIV (Kabeho) Study. ARV drug resistance testing was conducted on women with VL>2000 copies/ml...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005588/chronic-hypertension-in-pregnancy-diagnosis-management-and-outcomes
#15
Nana-Ama E Ankumah, Baha M Sibai
Chronic hypertension affects up to 5% of pregnancies. Women can be stratified into low-risk or high-risk chronic hypertension based on baseline laboratory and diagnostic work-up, comorbid conditions, and outcomes in prior pregnancies. Pregnancies complicated by chronic hypertension are at risk for increased adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes including superimposed preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, placental abruption, and perinatal death. Mainstays of management include blood pressure control, close monitoring for development of superimposed preeclampsia, serial ultrasound assessment of fetal growth, and antenatal testing after 32 weeks...
December 21, 2016: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002994/implementation-of-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-pmtct-program-in-the-northern-cape-south-africa
#16
Bianca Myburgh, Riette Nel, Ronette Lategan-Potgieter
BACKGROUND: South Africa's Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) program has been implemented for over ten years. This has led to a considerable reduction in mother-to-child transmissions. In 2010, the Northern Cape Province had a 1.4% transmission rate, being the lowest in the country. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of the PMTCT program in the Frances Baard district, Northern Cape Province; South Africa and identify factors that may influence the effectiveness of this program...
December 21, 2016: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994105/awareness-of-sickle-cell-trait-status-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-antenatal-women-in-ghana
#17
Samuel Amenyi Obed, Kwaku Asah-Opoku, Serwah Aboagye, Magdalene Torto, Samuel Antwi Oppong, Mercy Anna Nuamah
This study was conducted to evaluate pregnant women's awareness of sickle cell disease and sickle cell trait and the factors that contribute to it. Two hundred and six pregnant women with at least 20 weeks gestation answered a questionnaire regarding awareness of their trait status and questions to test their knowledge of sickle cell disease. Although the majority of patients were aware of their trait status (87.4%), only 29% of knowledge questions were answered correctly; patients who self-identified as having sickle cell trait did not do better...
December 19, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981447/the-differential-effects-of-an-opt-out-hiv-testing-policy-for-pregnant-women-in-ethiopia-when-accounting-for-stigma-secondary-analysis-of-dhs-data
#18
Michelle R Kaufman, Alyssa Mooney, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Morankar N Sudhakar, Rachel Rieder, Rupali J Limaye, Eshetu Girma, Rajiv N Rimal
Individual factors associated with HIV testing have been studied across multiple populations; however, testing is not just an individual-level phenomenon. This secondary analysis of 2005 and 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey data was conducted to determine the extent to which the 2007 institution of an opt-out policy of HIV testing during antenatal care increased testing among women, and whether effects differed by women's stigmatizing beliefs about HIV. A logit model with interaction between pre-/post-policy year and policy exposure (birth in the past year) was used to estimate the increased probability of past-year testing, which may be attributable to the policy...
December 15, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973923/prevention-and-control-of-malaria-in-pregnancy-new-threats-new-opportunities
#19
Stephen J Rogerson, Holger W Unger
Over 100 million women and their babies are at risk of malaria in pregnancy each year. Malaria prevention in pregnancy relies on long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs), and, in Africa, intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp). Increasing resistance of malaria parasites to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, the only drug endorsed for IPTp, and increasing mosquito resistance to pyrethroids used in LLINs, threaten the efficacy of these proven strategies, while operational challenges restrict their implementation in areas of great need...
December 23, 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965829/the-challenge-of-mothers-learning-about-secondhand-smoke-mlass-a-quasi-experimental-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#20
Rachel Mann, Heather Thomson, Becky Reynolds, Amanda Amos, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in the antenatal and postnatal period is associated with a detrimental health impact to the foetus and newborn baby and is recognised as a preventable public health challenge. The aim of the mother's learning about secondhand smoke (MLASS) study was to test the feasibility of delivering and evaluating the effectiveness of a smoke-free homes (SFH) health education intervention in the antenatal and postnatal period to reduce foetal and newborn exposure to SHS...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
keyword
keyword
72355
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"