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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678184/perceptions-on-male-involvement-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-masasi-district-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#1
Stephen Oswald Maluka, Apollonia Kasege Peneza
BACKGROUND: Despite the efforts to promote male involvement in maternal and child health, studies in low and middle income countries have reported that male participation is still low. While factors that hinder male partners from participating in maternal and child healthcare are well documented, there is dearth of studies on local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and delivery care. The main objective of this study was to explore local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and childbirth in Tanzania...
April 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676728/detection-of-candida-species-in-pregnant-chinese-women-with-a-molecular-beacon-method
#2
Yanhong Zhai, Jing Liu, Li Zhou, Tongzhen Ji, Lingxin Meng, Yang Gao, Ran Liu, Xiao Wang, Lin Li, Binghuai Lu, Zheng Cao
PURPOSE: Candida pathogens are commonly found in women and can cause vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), whose infection rate is further increased during pregnancy. We aimed to study the Candida prevalence and strain distribution in pregnant Chinese women with a molecular beacon assay. METHODOLOGY: From March 2016 to February 2017, a total of 993 pregnant women attending routine antenatal visits at the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were enrolled. For Candida detection and identification, a unique molecular beacon assay was presented and compared with a traditional phenotypic method...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676341/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-trichomonas-vaginalis-infection-amongst-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-pregnant-women-attending-the-antenatal-clinics-of-a-university-teaching-hospital-in-lagos-south-western-nigeria
#3
Olaolopin Ijasan, Kehinde Sharafadeen Okunade, Ayodeji Ayotunde Oluwole
Background: Trichomonas vaginalis infection is the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Interactions between this infection and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm labour, premature rupture of membranes, chorioamnionitis, low birth weight and post-abortal sepsis. Aims: This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of T. vaginalis infection amongst HIV-positive pregnant women attending antenatal care at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Lagos, Nigeria...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676338/psychoactive-substance-use-and-psychiatric-morbidity-among-pregnant-women-attending-an-ante-natal-clinic-in-benin-city-nigeria
#4
Oluyemisi O Adebowale, Bawo O James
Objective: This study sought to determine the prevalence, patterns and feasibility of screening for psychoactive substance use among pregnant women in an antenatal clinic in Nigeria. It also aimed to determine the relationship between psychoactive substance use risk severity and psychiatric morbidity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 395 pregnant women previously booked for ante-natal care. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Test (ASSIST) and the 20-item self-reporting questionnaire-20 were interviewer administered...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673373/chorioamnionitis-neuroinflammation-and-injury-timing-is-key-in-the-preterm-ovine-fetus
#5
Ruth Gussenhoven, Rob J J Westerlaken, Daan R M G Ophelders, Alan H Jobe, Matthew W Kemp, Suhas G Kallapur, Luc J Zimmermann, Per T Sangild, Stanislava Pankratova, Pierre Gressens, Boris W Kramer, Bobbi Fleiss, Tim G A M Wolfs
BACKGROUND: Antenatal infection (i.e., chorioamnionitis) is an important risk factor for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes after preterm birth. Destructive and developmental disturbances of the white matter are hallmarks of preterm brain injury. Understanding the temporal effects of antenatal infection in relation to the onset of neurological injury is crucial for the development of neurotherapeutics for preterm infants. However, these dynamics remain unstudied. METHODS: Time-mated ewes were intra-amniotically injected with lipopolysaccharide at 5, 12, or 24 h or 2, 4, 8, or 15 days before preterm delivery at 125 days gestational age (term ~ 150 days)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671666/psychiatric-admission-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-schizophrenia-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#6
Elly Lorraine Harris, Jacqueline Frayne, Suzanna Allen, Kanni Renganathan, Thinh Ngoc Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: The mental health and wellbeing of pregnant women with schizophrenia is an area of research interest. We aim to explore this relationship particularly in regards to psychiatric admission rates, timing and their associated contributing factors. METHODS: A total of 98 pregnancies to women with schizophrenia, who attended a specialist antenatal clinic and delivered from July 2007 to February 2016, were retrospectively examined. The cohort was divided into two groups based on psychiatric admission...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669538/predictors-of-women-s-utilization-of-primary-health-care-for-skilled-pregnancy-care-in-rural-nigeria
#7
Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo, Julius Ogungbangbe, Seun Anjorin, Wilson Imongan, Sanni Yaya
BACKGROUND: Although Primary Health Care (PHC) was designed to provide universal access to skilled pregnancy care for the prevention of maternal deaths, very little is known of the factors that predict the use of PHC for skilled maternity care in rural parts of Nigeria - where its use is likely to have a greater positive impact on maternal health care. The objective of this study was to identify the factors that lead pregnant women to use or not use existing primary health care facilities for antenatal and delivery care...
April 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668725/comparison-of-mental-health-screening-tools-for-detecting-antenatal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-in-south-african-women
#8
Thandi van Heyningen, Simone Honikman, Mark Tomlinson, Sally Field, Landon Myer
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in low and middle-income countries. Screening of pregnant women in primary care antenatal settings provides an opportunity for entry to care, but data are needed on the performance of different screening tools. We compared five widely-used questionnaires in a sample of pregnant women in urban South Africa. METHOD: Pregnant women attending a primary care antenatal clinic were administered five tools by trained research assistants: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Kessler Psychological Distress scale (K10) and a shortened 6-item version (K6), the Whooley questions and the two-item Generalised Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-2)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663452/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-health-facilities-of-tigray-northern-ethiopia
#9
Selam Niguse, Haftamu Hailekiros, Gerezgiher Buruh, Tadese Dejene, Nega Berhe, Tsehaye Asmelash
Existing literatures from developing countries show an increased mortality and morbidity related to hepatitis E virus during pregnancy as compared to the general population. Studies focusing on pregnant women are required for policy makers to improve maternal and child health. Therefore this study is aimed at determining the prevalence and associated risk factors of hepatitis E virus infection among pregnant women attending the health facilities of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia. In this cross sectional study 846 pregnant women were included consecutively from April 2014 to February 2016...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662698/not-just-a-number-examining-coverage-and-content-of-antenatal-care-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#10
Lenka Benova, Özge Tunçalp, Allisyn C Moran, Oona Maeve Renee Campbell
Introduction: Antenatal care (ANC) provides a critical opportunity for women and babies to benefit from good-quality maternal care. Using 10 countries as an illustrative analysis, we described ANC coverage (number of visits and timing of first visit) and operationalised indicators for content of care as available in population surveys, and examined how these two approaches are related. Methods: We used the most recent Demographic and Health Survey to analyse ANC related to women's most recent live birth up to 3 years preceding the survey...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656927/pontocerebellar-hypoplasia-type-1-for-the-neuropediatrician-genotype-phenotype-correlations-and-diagnostic-guidelines-based-on-new-cases-and-overview-of-the-literature
#11
I Ivanov, D Atkinson, I Litvinenko, L Angelova, S Andonova, H Mumdjiev, I Pacheva, M Panova, R Yordanova, V Belovejdov, A Petrova, M Bosheva, T Shmilev, A Savov, A Jordanova
Pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1 (PCH1) is a major cause of non-5q spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). We screened 128 SMN1-negative SMA patients from Bulgaria for a frequent mutation -p.G31A in EXOSC3, and performed a literature review of all genetically verified PCH1 cases. Homozygous p.G31A/EXOSC3 mutation was identified in 14 Roma patients, representing three fourths of all our SMN1-negative Roma SMA cases. The phenotype of the p.G31A/EXOSC3 homozygotes was compared to the clinical presentation of all reported to date genetically verified PCH1 cases...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628842/correlation-of-different-parity-and-school-education-with-acceptance-of-labor-analgesia-among-antenatal-women-a-questionnaire-based-study
#12
Anita Yadav, Habib Md Reazaul Karim, Avinash Prakash, Pinky Jena, Kumar Aman
Background and Aim: Pain relief is nearly regarded as the right of patients in modern day health care. Women undergo excruciating pain during normal vaginal delivery (NVD). However, the acceptance of labor analgesia (LA) has remained very poor. The present study was aimed to assess the correlation of previous exposure to such pain (parity) and school education with LA acceptance. Methods: The present comparative study was conducted with a total 400 consented participants...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628769/antifungal-susceptibility-testing-of-vulvovaginal-candida-species-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-in-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-peshawar
#13
Maria Khan, Jawad Ahmed, Amina Gul, Aamer Ikram, Farida Khurram Lalani
Background: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is considered as a pervasive gynecological problem among women worldwide. Owing to this fact, in the current study, we aimed at assessing the prevalence rate of Candida spp. causing VVC in symptomatic pregnant women and their antifungal susceptibility pattern. Methods: This study was carried out in the tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar during the period of July 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. The study group included 450 pregnant women in the age group of 17-44 years with symptoms of excessive vaginal discharge, pain and pruritis...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628552/ultrasonographic-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-as-a-surrogate-measure-of-raised-intracranial-pressure-in-severe-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-patients
#14
Shiv Kumar Singh, Kiran Bhatia
Context: It is a well-known fact that severe pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) can be disastrous at times as it can cause a lot of complications to both pregnant women and her baby. Hence, it is always desirable to know the extent of severity by a real-time and easily accessible modality like ultrasound. Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in severe preeclampsia and eclampsia patients using ocular ultrasonography with optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624560/sexual-behaviors-of-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-and-factors-associated-with-sexual-transmitted-infection-in-south-africa
#15
Dvora Joseph Davey, Remco P H Peters, Noah Kojima, Maanda Mudau, Lindsey De Vos, Dawie Olivier, James A McIntyre, Jeffrey D Klausner, Andrew Medina-Marino
BACKGROUND: Sexual behaviors in HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa are not well understood. METHODS: HIV-infected pregnant women were recruited into a prospective cohort at first antenatal care visit. Sociodemographic information and self-collected vulvovaginal swab samples were collected from participants. Vulvovaginal swab samples were tested for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoea (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) using GeneXpert®. We investigated sexual behaviors, alcohol use and factors associated with condomless sex during pregnancy and prevalent sexually transmitted infection (STI) among our cohort...
April 5, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618484/evaluating-the-process-and-outcomes-of-child-death-review-in-the-solomon-islands
#16
Mathew Sandakabatu, Titus Nasi, Carol Titiulu, Trevor Duke
While maternal and perinatal mortality auditing has been strongly promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO), there has been very limited promotion or evaluation of child death auditing in low/middle-income settings. In 2017, a standardised child death review process was introduced in the paediatric department of the National Hospital in Honiara, Solomon Islands. We evaluated the process and outcomes of child death reviews. The child death auditing process was assessed through systematic observations made at each of the weekly meetings using the following standards for evaluation: (1) adapted WHO tools for paediatric auditing; (2) the five stages of the audit cycle; (3) published principles of paediatric audit; and (4) WHO and Solomon Islands national clinical standards of Hospital Care for Children...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618359/women-s-perspectives-on-antenatal-breast-expression-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Frankie J Fair, Helen Watson, Rachel Gardner, Hora Soltani
BACKGROUND: The practice of antenatal breast expression (ABE) has been proposed as a strategy to promote successful breastfeeding. Although there has been some focus on the evaluation of the effects of ABE in promotion of breastfeeding, little or no evidence exists on women's experiences of ABE or opinions on ABE, particularly amongst overweight or obese women. METHODS: This study aimed to explore women's knowledge, practices and opinions of ABE, and any differences within the overweight and obese subgroups...
April 4, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616835/lessons-learned-from-the-implementation-of-non-invasive-fetal-rhd-screening
#18
Frederik Banch Clausen
In the fight against hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, pregnant RhD negative women are offered antenatal and postnatal anti-D immunoglobulin prophylaxis to prevent the development of antibodies against the fetal D antigen. Antenatal prophylaxis has traditionally been provided to all D negative pregnant women, as the fetal RhD type remains unknown until birth. With noninvasive prenatal testing of cell-free DNA, predicting the fetal RhD type has become highly feasible based on analysis of the fetal RHD gene...
April 19, 2018: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614083/optimizing-prevention-of-hiv-mother-to-child-transmission-duration-of-antiretroviral-therapy-and-viral-suppression-at-delivery-among-pregnant-malawian-women
#19
Maganizo B Chagomerana, William C Miller, Jennifer H Tang, Irving F Hoffman, Bryan C Mthiko, Jacob Phulusa, Mathias John, Allan Jumbe, Mina C Hosseinipour
BACKGROUND: Effective antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy minimizes the risk of vertical HIV transmission. Some women present late in their pregnancy for first antenatal visit; whether these women achieve viral suppression by delivery and how suppression varies with time on ART is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of HIV-infected pregnant women initiating antiretroviral therapy for the first time at Bwaila Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi from June 2015 to November 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606026/strategies-for-preventing-early-onset-sepsis-and-for-managing-neonates-at-risk-wide-variability-across-six-western-countries
#20
Alberto Berardi, Cecilia Rossi, Caterina Spada, Giulia Vellani, Isotta Guidotti, Angela Lanzoni, Milena Azzalli, Irene Papa, Chiara Giugno, Laura Lucaccioni
OBJECTIVE: Group B streptococcus (GBS) early-onset sepsis (EOS) has declined after widespread intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis. However, strategies for preventing EOS may differ across countries. The analysis of their strategies allows to compare the effectiveness of prevention in different countries and suggests opportunities for improvement. METHODS: We compared six western countries. Prevention strategies, incidence rates of EOS and approaches for managing neonates at-risk were analysed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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