keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Autism prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441171/prevalence-of-psychopathology-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-and-or-addiction-an-up-to-date-narrative-review
#1
Sophie Leijdesdorff, Karin van Doesum, Arne Popma, Rianne Klaassen, Therese van Amelsvoort
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children of parents with a mental illness and/or addiction are at high risk for developing a mental illness themselves. Parental mental illness is highly prevalent leading to a serious number of children at high risk. The aim of this review is to give an up-to-date overview of psychopathology in children of parents with various mental illnesses and/or addiction, based on recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Worldwide, 15-23% of children live with a parent with a mental illness...
April 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438881/prevalence-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-assessed-through-viral-genome-detection-in-dried-blood-spots-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Ivan Gentile, Emanuela Zappulo, Maria Pia Riccio, Sandro Binda, Laura Bubba, Laura Pellegrinelli, Domenico Scognamiglio, Francesca Operto, Lucia Margari, Guglielmo Borgia, Carmela Bravaccio
BACKGROUND/AIM: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders without a definitive etiology in most cases. Environmental factors, such as viral infections, have been linked with anomalies in brain growth, neuronal development, and functional connectivity. Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has been associated with the onset of ASD in several case reports. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of congenital CMV infection in children with ASD and in healthy controls...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396640/vitamin-d-deficiency-as-a-potential-environmental-risk-factor-in-multiple-sclerosis-schizophrenia-and-autism
#3
REVIEW
Eva Kočovská, Fiona Gaughran, Amir Krivoy, Ute-Christiane Meier
In this short review, we want to summarize the current findings on the role of vitamin-D in multiple sclerosis (MS), schizophrenia, and autism. Many studies have highlighted hypovitaminosis-D as a potential environmental risk factor for a variety of conditions such as MS, asthma, cardiovascular disease, and, more recently, psychiatric diseases. However, whether hypovitaminosis-D is a potential causative factor for the development or activity in these conditions or whether hypovitaminosis-D may be due to increased vitamin-D consumption by an activated immune system (reverse causation) is the focus of intense research...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389841/an-initial-case-series-of-intensive-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Marina Iniesta-Sepúlveda, Joshua M Nadeau, Amaya Ramos, Brian Kay, Bradley C Riemann, Eric A Storch
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is prevalent among youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with ASD-specific modifications has support for treating OCD in this population; however, use of intensive CBT in youth with ASD and severe OCD has not been tested. The current study examined the preliminary effectiveness of an individualized intensive CBT protocol for OCD in adolescents with ASD. Nine adolescents (aged 11-17 years) completed a regimen of intensive CBT (range 24-80 daily sessions) incorporating exposure with response prevention (ERP)...
April 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376888/daily-administration-of-yokukansan-and-keishito-prevents-social-isolation-induced-behavioral-abnormalities-and-down-regulation-of-phosphorylation-of-neuroplasticity-related-signaling-molecules-in-mice
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hironori Fujiwara, Yaoyu Han, Ken Ebihara, Suresh Awale, Ryota Araki, Takeshi Yabe, Kinzo Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies demonstrated that post-weaning social isolation (ISO) in mice induces behavior abnormalities such as deficits of sociability- and attention-like behaviors. These deficits can be attenuated by methylphenidate (MPH), a drug used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), suggesting that ISO mice offer a potential animal model of comorbid developmental disorder with ADHD and autism spectrum disorder symptoms. This study investigated the effects of Kampo formulae, yokukansan (YKS) and keishito (KST), on the neuropsychiatric symptoms of ISO mice to clarify the therapeutic or preventive/delaying potential of these formulae for the treatment of neurodevelopmental disorders...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373204/dtb-select-4-april-2017
#6
(no author information available yet)
Renal function monitoring of ACE inhibitors/AIIRAs ● Combating falsified medicines ● NHS England issues guidelines on conflicts of interest ● C difficile control interventions and fluoroquinolone prescribing ● NHS Scotland booklet for young people with autism ● Accuracy of asthma diagnosis in adults ● Continuity of care and reduced hospital admissions ● Screen and treat approaches for diabetes prevention.
April 3, 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357154/vaccine-hesitancy-in-search-of-the-risk-communication-comfort-zone
#7
Joshua Greenberg, Eve Dubé, Michelle Driedger
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports the findings of a national online survey to parents of children aged 5 and younger. The objectives of the study were to assess parental understanding of childhood immunizations, identify sources of information that they trust for vaccine-related content, assess where parents with young children stand on the key issues in the public debate about vaccination, and identify which risk communication messages are most effective for influencing the behaviours of vaccine hesitant parents...
March 3, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335879/are-social-and-communication-difficulties-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-social-anxiety
#8
Hannah Pickard, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Francesca Happé, William Mandy
OBJECTIVE: Social anxiety (SA) is a common condition associated with social and communication (SC) difficulties in typically developing young people, as well as those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Whether SC difficulties place children at risk for developing SA is unclear. Using a longitudinal design, the present study aimed to disentangle the relationship between SA symptoms and SC difficulties using a population-based sample of 9,491 children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326463/relationship-between-selenium-lead-and-mercury-in-red-blood-cells-of-saudi-autistic-children
#9
Afaf El-Ansary, Geir Bjørklund, Alexey A Tinkov, Anatoly V Skalny, Hussain Al Dera
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. Environmental contribution to ASD is due in large part to the sensitivity of the developing brain to external exposures such as lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) as toxic heavy metals or due to a poor detoxification ability as the phenotype of this disorder. Selenium (Se) as an antioxidant element that counteracts the neurotoxicity of Hg, and Pb, presumably through the formation of nontoxic complexes...
March 21, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316773/vitamin-d-treatment-during-pregnancy-prevents-autism-related-phenotypes-in-a-mouse-model-of-maternal-immune-activation
#10
Stephanie Vuillermot, Wei Luan, Urs Meyer, Darryl Eyles
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to infection is a recognized environmental risk factor for neuropsychiatric disorders of developmental origins such as autism or schizophrenia. Experimental work in animals indicates that this link is mediated by maternal immune activation (MIA) involving interactions between cytokine-associated inflammatory events, oxidative stress, and other pathophysiological processes such as hypoferremia and zinc deficiency. Maternal administration of the viral mimic polyriboinosinic-polyribocytidylic acid (poly(I:C)) in mice produces several behavioral phenotypes in adult offspring of relevance to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other neurodevelopmental disorders...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301083/age-specific-autistic-like-behaviors-in-heterozygous-fmr1-ko-female-mice
#11
Manon Gauducheau, Valerie Lemaire-Mayo, Francesca R D'Amato, Diego Oddi, Wim E Crusio, Susanna Pietropaolo
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a major developmental disorder and the most frequent monogenic cause of autism. Surprisingly, most existing studies on the Fmr1-KO mouse model for FXS have focused on males, although FX women, who are mostly heterozygous for the Fmr1 mutation, are known to exhibit several behavioral deficits, including autistic-like features. Furthermore, most animal research has been carried out on adults only; so that little is known about the age progression of the behavioral phenotype of Fmr1 mutants, which is a crucial issue to optimize the impact of therapeutic interventions...
March 16, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298276/early-life-nutritional-programming-of-cognition-the-fundamental-role-of-epigenetic-mechanisms-in-mediating-the-relation-between-early-life-environment-and-learning-and-memory-process
#12
REVIEW
Laura Moody, Hong Chen, Yuan-Xiang Pan
The perinatal period is a window of heightened plasticity that lays the groundwork for future anatomic, physiologic, and behavioral outcomes. During this time, maternal diet plays a pivotal role in the maturation of vital organs and the establishment of neuronal connections. However, when perinatal nutrition is either lacking in specific micro- and macronutrients or overloaded with excess calories, the consequences can be devastating and long lasting. The brain is particularly sensitive to perinatal insults, with several neurologic and psychiatric disorders having been linked to a poor in utero environment...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287497/role-of-genetics-in-the-etiology-of-autistic-spectrum-disorder-towards-a-hierarchical-diagnostic-strategy
#13
REVIEW
Cyrille Robert, Laurent Pasquier, David Cohen, Mélanie Fradin, Roberto Canitano, Léna Damaj, Sylvie Odent, Sylvie Tordjman
Progress in epidemiological, molecular and clinical genetics with the development of new techniques has improved knowledge on genetic syndromes associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The objective of this article is to show the diversity of genetic disorders associated with ASD (based on an extensive review of single-gene disorders, copy number variants, and other chromosomal disorders), and consequently to propose a hierarchical diagnostic strategy with a stepwise evaluation, helping general practitioners/pediatricians and child psychiatrists to collaborate with geneticists and neuropediatricians, in order to search for genetic disorders associated with ASD...
March 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276079/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effects-of-the-tackling-teenage-psychosexual-training-program-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Kirsten Visser, Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Nouchka T Tick, Frank C Verhulst, Athanasios Maras, Esther J M van der Vegt
BACKGROUND: Previous research underscores the importance of psychosexual guidance for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Such guidance is provided in the Tackling Teenage Training (TTT) program, in which adolescents with ASD receive psycho-education and practice communicative skills regarding topics related to puberty, sexuality, and intimate relationships. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of the TTT program on (a) cognitive outcomes (i.e. psychosexual knowledge, and insight in interpersonal boundaries) and (b) behavioral outcomes (i...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264474/wearsense-detecting-autism-stereotypic-behaviors-through-smartwatches
#15
Amir Mohammad Amiri, Nicholas Peltier, Cody Goldberg, Yan Sun, Anoo Nathan, Shivayogi V Hiremath, Kunal Mankodiya
Autism is a complex developmental disorder that affects approximately 1 in 68 children (according to the recent survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-CDC) in the U.S., and has become the fastest growing category of special education. Each student with autism comes with her or his own unique needs and an array of behaviors and habits that can be severe and which interfere with everyday tasks. Autism is associated with intellectual disability, impairments in social skills, and physical health issues such as sleep and abdominal disturbances...
February 28, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259062/the-association-between-parents-ratings-of-asd-symptoms-and-anxiety-in-a-sample-of-high-functioning-boys-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley
BACKGROUND: The relationship between symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is complex and sometimes confounding. However, exploration of that relationship has significant potential to assist in treatment or avoidance of GAD by identifying ASD-related behaviours as 'targets' for intervention with anxious children as well as for preventative treatments that could be implemented into daily routines before children become anxious. To further understanding of this relationship, the association between parent-ratings of their sons' ASD symptoms and GAD symptoms was investigated in two samples of boys with high-functioning ASD...
March 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256684/-models-for-intervention-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-denver-and-scerts
#17
C Forment-Dasca
INTRODUCTION: Given the increased prevalence of diagnoses of autism in recent years, the growing amount of research on models with which to work with people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has led to the development of different techniques and methods enabling better results to be obtained. As a result, it has become possible to help improve many of the symptoms that prevent people with this diagnosis and their families from leading a normal life. AIMS: To review two intervention models specifically designed for working with persons with ASD...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256683/-autism-the-importance-of-dysmorphology-in-the-identification-of-associated-medical-conditions
#18
V L Ruggieri, C L Arberas
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by deficits in communication and social interaction, associated with restricted interests and stereotyped behaviors. Considered as a neurodepelopment disorders, they present a recognized neurobiological basis. Genetic causes as chromosomes abnormalities, or genetic defects are the most recognized etiologies, followed by the environmental factors. DEVELOPMENT: Dysmorphia are congenital alterations of the shape of a part of a living being, produced during its development...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238791/selol-an-organic-selenium-donor-prevents-lipopolysaccharide-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-reaction-in-the-rat-brain
#19
Agnieszka Dominiak, Anna Wilkaniec, Henryk Jęśko, Grzegorz A Czapski, Anna M Lenkiewicz, Eliza Kurek, Piotr Wroczyński, Agata Adamczyk
Neuroinflammation and oxidative stress are key intertwined pathological factors in many neurological, particularly neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disorders as well as autism. The present study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of Selol, an organic selenium donor, against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated inflammation in rat brain. The results demonstrated that the peripheral administration of LPS in a dose of 100 μg/kg b.w. evoked typical pathological reaction known as systemic inflammatory response...
February 23, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220358/potential-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-self-injurious-behavior-among-infants-at-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Adele F Dimian, Kelly N Botteron, Stephen R Dager, Jed T Elison, Annette M Estes, John R Pruett, Robert T Schultz, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Joseph Piven, Jason J Wolff
Prevalence of self-injurious behavior (SIB) is as high as 50% among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Identification of risk factors for the development of SIB is critical to early intervention and prevention. However, there is little empirical research utilizing a prospective design to identify early risk factors for SIB. The purpose of this study was to evaluate behavioral characteristics predicting SIB at age 2 years among 235 infants at high familial risk for ASD. Logistic regression results indicated that presence of SIB or proto-SIB and lower developmental functioning at age 12 months significantly predicted SIB at 24 months...
May 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
keyword
keyword
72344
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"