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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558403/has-the-digital-health-divide-widened-trends-of-health-related-internet-use-among-older-adults-from-2003-to-2011
#1
Y Alicia Hong, Jinmyoung Cho
OBJECTIVES: To examine the trend of health-related Internet use (HRIU) among older adults. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2003, 2005, and 2011-2012 iterations of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-sponsored Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). HRIU was measured by 4 online behaviors: seeking health information, buying medicine, connecting with people with similar health problems, and communicating with doctors. RESULTS: Internet use and HRIU among older adults increased substantially from 2003 to 2011 with more significant increases in seeking health information and communicating with doctors online...
August 24, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000167/shared-decision-making-and-medication-therapy-management-with-the-use-of-an-interactive-template
#2
Katherine Montag Schafer, Michael R Gionfriddo, Deborah H Boehm
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the preliminary efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of a template-based intervention to facilitate shared decision making (SDM) in medication therapy management (MTM) consultations; and to examine the type and number of drug therapy problems (DTPs) discussed and how resolution was communicated to patients' primary care providers (PCPs). SETTING: An internal medicine clinic at a large safety-net hospital. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Hennepin County Medical Center is an urban safety net hospital serving an ethnically-diverse population with about 50 percent of patients enrolled in Medicaid...
March 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26758646/long-term-conditions-self-management-and-systems-of-support-an-exploration-of-health-beliefs-and-practices-within-the-sikh-community-birmingham-uk
#3
Manbinder S Sidhu, Laura Griffith, Kate Jolly, Paramjit Gill, Tom Marshall, Nicola K Gale
OBJECTIVE: The global prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease, continues to rise. Internationally, people of South Asian origin (i.e. by birth or heritage) are much more likely to develop and live with NCDs compared to the general population. The South Asian diaspora population is highly heterogeneous, varying by socioeconomic status, migration history, religion and ethnicity. This article reports the findings of a study to explore the types of support accessed by Punjabi Sikhs living in Birmingham and the Black Country, UK, who were living with NCDs...
October 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26312251/provision-of-pharmaceutical-care-in-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-preliminary-findings
#4
Devinder Singh Arora, Amary Mey, Satish Maganlal, Sohil Khan
OBJECTIVE: Overcoming language and cultural barriers is becoming ever challenging for pharmacists as the patient population grows more ethnically diverse. To evaluate the current practices used by the pharmacists for communicating with patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) and to assess pharmacists' knowledge of, attitude toward, and satisfaction with accessing available services for supporting LEPs patients within their current practice settings. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five pharmacists employed in pharmacies representing multiple practice settings Queensland, Australia...
July 2015: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25622079/introduction-to-the-special-series-on-health-disparities-in-genomic-medicine
#5
Kristi D Graves, Kenneth P Tercyak
Given the importance of minority health and health-disparities research in addressing our nation's health-care objectives, Health Psychology encourages manuscripts that reflect a range of themes in this topic. This special section focuses on genomic medicine and continues the journal's effort to highlight behavioral research in disparities. Genomics is a rapidly evolving science and is becoming ubiquitous throughout health care. Researchers and clinicians are increasingly turning their attention to the human genome and its interaction with the environment to understand root causes of many chronic diseases...
February 2015: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25193266/a-culturally-competent-education-program-to-increase-understanding-about-medicines-among-ethnic-minorities
#6
Lourdes Cantarero-Arévalo, Dumoue Kassem, Janine Marie Traulsen
BACKGROUND: It has been previously suggested that the risk of medicine-related problems-i.e., negative clinical outcomes, adverse drug reactions or adverse drug events resulting from the use (or lack of use) of medicines, and human error including that caused by healthcare personnel-is higher among specific ethnic minority groups compared to the majority population. OBJECTIVE: The focus of this study was on reducing medicine-related problems among Arabic-speaking ethnic minorities living in Denmark...
October 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25186789/cultural-barriers-encountered-by-norwegian-community-pharmacists-in-providing-service-to-non-western-immigrant-patients
#7
Helle Håkonsen, Karine Lees, Else-Lydia Toverud
BACKGROUND: Western societies' need for knowledge about how to meet the challenges in health care following increased immigration has emerged as studies have showed that non-Western immigrants tend to experience more obstacles to drug use and poorer communication with health professionals. OBJECTIVES: To identify the cultural barriers encountered by Norwegian community pharmacists in providing service to non-Western immigrant patients and to outline how they are being addressed...
December 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25056149/east-west-differences-in-perception-of-brain-death-review-of-history-current-understandings-and-directions-for-future-research
#8
Qing Yang, Geoffrey Miller
The concept of brain death as equivalent to cardiopulmonary death was initially conceived following developments in neuroscience, critical care, and transplant technology. It is now a routine part of medicine in Western countries, including the United States. In contrast, Eastern countries have been reluctant to incorporate brain death into legislation and medical practice. Several countries, most notably China, still lack laws recognizing brain death and national medical standards for making the diagnosis...
June 2015: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24647377/self-reported-sleep-difficulties-and-self-care-strategies-among-rural-older-adults
#9
Joanne C Sandberg, Cynthia K Suerken, Sara A Quandt, Kathryn P Altizer, Ronny A Bell, Wei Lang, Ha T Nguyen, Joseph G Grzywacz, Thomas A Arcury
This study examined the use of self-care strategies to address difficulty sleeping among community-dwelling older adults. Data were collected from a series of 18 questionnaires administered to 195 rural African American and white older adults in North Carolina. Participants reported whether they had experienced difficulty sleeping and strategies used to respond to the symptom. The most widely used strategies included ignoring the symptom, staying in bed or resting, and praying. Herb and supplement use were not reported...
January 2014: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24644523/perceptions-of-prescription-warning-labels-within-an-underserved-population
#10
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Brittney A Meyer, Michelle R Locke, Sara Wettergreen
OBJECTIVE: To understand how underserved populations attend to prescription warning label (PWL) instructions, examine the importance of PWL instructions to participants and describe the challenges associated with interpreting the information on PWLs. METHODS: Adults from an underserved population (racial and ethnic minorities, individuals with low income, older adults) who had a history of prescription medication use and were able to understand English took part in semi-structured interviews...
January 2014: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24434412/predictors-of-public-attitude-toward-living-organ-donation-in-kano-northern-nigeria
#11
Zubairu Iliyasu, Isa S Abubakar, Umar M Lawan, Mustapha Abubakar, Bappa Adamu
Organ shortage is a major public health challenge for transplant programs globally. The sustenance of such programs as an effective therapy for end-stage organ failure (ESOF) requires an exploration of public awareness and willingness to donate organs. This is imperative, especially in developing countries where ESOF is highly prevalent. We studied the awareness and predictors of public attitude toward organ donation in Kano city in northern Nigeria. Using interviewer-administered questionnaires, we assessed the awareness and willingness to donate solid organs among 400 adults in the Kano metropolis...
January 2014: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24355416/hbv-related-health-behaviors-in-a-socio-cultural-context-perspectives-from-khmers-and-koreans
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Haeok Lee, Peter Kiang, Phala Chea, Sonith Peou, Shirley S Tang, Jinhwang Yang, Jacqueline Fawcett, Hie-Won Hann
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore factors influencing health and health care within the sociocultural context of Cambodian Americans (CAs or Khmers) and Korean Americans (KA) and to examine intergroup similarities and differences between CAs and KAs, focusing on hepatitis B virus (HBV) and liver cancer prevention behaviors. METHODS: The study used a qualitative design guided by the revised Network Episode Model (NEM) and informed by ethnographic analysis...
May 2014: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24029249/ethnomedicinal-plants-used-for-treating-epilepsy-by-indigenous-communities-of-sub-himalayan-region-of-uttarakhand-india
#13
Jyotsana Sharma, Sumeet Gairola, R D Gaur, R M Painuli, T O Siddiqi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Although many plants are claimed to possess anticonvulsant/antiepileptic (AC/AE) properties, but there is very little information available about plants used by various ethnic communities in different parts of India to treat epilepsy, one of the most common disorders of central nervous system (CNS); this communication provides significant ethnomedicinal information on the plants used by indigenous communities: Bhoxa, Tharu and nomadic Gujjars of sub-Himalayan region, Uttarakhand, India to treat epilepsy, so that it could be used as a baseline data for studying chemical constituents and biological activities of these promising plants...
October 28, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24025591/ethical-issues-in-research-involving-minority-populations-the-process-and-outcomes-of-protocol-review-by-the-ethics-committee-of-the-faculty-of-tropical-medicine-mahidol-university-thailand
#14
Pornpimon Adams, Waranya Wongwit, Krisana Pengsaa, Srisin Khusmith, Wijitr Fungladda, Warissara Chaiyaphan, Chanthima Limphattharacharoen, Sukanya Prakobtham, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
BACKGROUND: Recruiting minorities into research studies requires special attention, particularly when studies involve "extra-vulnerable" participants with multiple vulnerabilities, e.g., pregnant women, the fetuses/neonates of ethnic minorities, children in refugee camps, or cross-border migrants. This study retrospectively analyzed submissions to the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Tropical Medicine (FTM-EC) in Thailand. Issues related to the process and outcomes of proposal review, and the main issues for which clarification/revision were requested on studies, are discussed extensively...
2013: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23552201/standardizing-race-ethnicity-and-preferred-language-data-collection-in-hospital-information-systems-results-and-implications-for-healthcare-delivery-and-policy
#15
Rohit Bhalla, Brandon G Yongue, Brian P Currie
The Institute of Medicine has identified the need for healthcare organizations to collect standardized demographic data as a step toward reducing healthcare disparities. This observational study of patients discharged from a large academic medical center between 2005 and 2009, evaluates an organizational effort to standardize demographic data collection, characterizes limitations of the implementation, and assesses its utility in quality improvement and disparity reduction efforts. Primary measures include percentages of inpatient discharges with unknown race, ethnicity, and language data...
March 2012: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23418849/medicine-use-and-medicine-related-problems-experienced-by-ethnic-minority-patients-in-the-united-kingdom-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Faten Alhomoud, Soraya Dhillon, Zoe Aslanpour, Felicity Smith
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to establish type(s) and possible cause(s) of medicine-related problems (MRPs) experienced by ethnic minorities in the UK and to identify recommendations to support these patients in the effective use of medicines. METHODS: A systematic search of studies related to problems with medicine use experienced by ethnic minorities in the UK was performed using the following databases: PubMed, Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstract and Scopus from 1990 to 2011...
October 2013: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23359584/management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
REVIEW
Shelley C Springer, Janet Silverstein, Kenneth Copeland, Kelly R Moore, Greg E Prazar, Terry Raymer, Richard N Shiffman, Vidhu V Thaker, Meaghan Anderson, Stephen J Spann, Susan K Flinn
OBJECTIVE: Over the last 3 decades, the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased dramatically in North America, ushering in a variety of health problems, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which previously was not typically seen until much later in life. This technical report describes, in detail, the procedures undertaken to develop the recommendations given in the accompanying clinical practice guideline, "Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Children and Adolescents," and provides in-depth information about the rationale for the recommendations and the studies used to make the clinical practice guideline's recommendations...
February 2013: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23117100/tailored-dvds-a-novel-strategy-for-educating-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-older-adults-about-their-medicines
#18
Kate L Lapane, Roberta E Goldman, Brian J Quilliam, Anne L Hume, Charles B Eaton
INTRODUCTION: The availability of comprehensive and accurate medication history information in electronic medical records and through electronic prescribing provides the opportunity to create tailored interventions based on individuals' particular medication information needs. To meet the challenges of providing medication information to low-literate English and Spanish speaking older adults, we sought to create individualized, culturally and linguistically inclusive medication education materials for older adults from diverse backgrounds...
December 2012: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22752639/ethical-issues-in-communication-of-diagnosis-and-end-of-life-decision-making-process-in-some-of-the-romanian-roma-communities
#19
Gabriel Roman, Angela Enache, Andrada Pârvu, Rodica Gramma, Ştefana Maria Moisa, Silvia Dumitraş, Beatrice Ioan
Medical communication in Western-oriented countries is dominated by concepts of shared decision-making and patient autonomy. In interactions with Roma patients, these behavioral patterns rarely seem to be achieved because the culture and ethnicity have often been shown as barriers in establishing an effective and satisfying doctor-patient relationship. The study aims to explore the Roma's beliefs and experiences related to autonomy and decision-making process in the case of a disease with poor prognosis. Forty-eight Roma people from two Romanian counties participated in semi-structured interviews, conducted by a research team from the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi...
August 2013: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22707644/empathy-in-osteopathic-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marilyn Kimmelman, Jackie Giacobbe, Justin Faden, Geetha Kumar, Charlyene C Pinckney, Robert Steer
CONTEXT: Empathy is fundamental to patient care. Research studies of allopathic medical students have found a statistically significant decrease in empathy levels by the third year. Levels of empathy in osteopathic medical students have not been evaluated to determine whether a similar decline occurs in this group. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there were differences according to year of schooling in mean levels of empathy among osteopathic medical students, as assessed with the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy-Student Version (JSPE-S), and, secondarily, to compare these measures of empathy in osteopathic medical students with those reported elsewhere for allopathic medical students...
June 2012: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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