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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125435/health-literacy-among-medically-underserved-the-role-of-demographic-factors-social-influence-and-religious-beliefs
#1
Shannon M Christy, Clement K Gwede, Steven K Sutton, Enmanuel Chavarria, Stacy N Davis, Rania Abdulla, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D Meade
The current study examined the sociodemographic and psychosocial variables that predicted being at risk for low health literacy among a population of racially and ethnically diverse patients accessing primary care services at community-based clinics. Participants (N = 416) were aged 50-75 years, currently not up-to-date with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, at average CRC risk, and enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at promoting CRC screening. Participants completed a baseline interview that assessed health literacy as measured by Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Revised, sociodemographic factors, and psychosocial variables (e...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683579/communication-disability-in-fiji-community-self-help-and-help-seeking-support
#2
Suzanne C Hopf, Sharynne McLeod, Sarah H McDonagh, Cen Wang, Epenisa N Rakanace
PURPOSE: To understand how a Fijian community supports people with communication disability (PWCD) and whether their support is associated with participant demographics. METHOD: Thematic analysis of 144 questionnaires that asked about participants' actions to support a fictional child and adult with communication disability. RESULT: Participant responses fell into two categories: what they would do directly (self-help) and people and places where they would seek assistance (help-seeking)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618140/how-does-the-side-effect-information-in-patient-information-leaflets-influence-peoples-side-effect-expectations-a-cross-sectional-national-survey-of-18-to-65-year-olds-in-england
#3
Rebecca K Webster, John Weinman, G James Rubin
OBJECTIVES: To establish how the terms recommended by the European Commission to describe side-effect risk in patient information leaflets (PILs) influences expectations of side-effects and to identify factors associated with these side-effect expectations. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey was carried out by a market research company. SETTING: Data were collected in England between 18th March and 1st April 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1003 adults aged between 18 and 65...
December 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406110/effectiveness-of-cross-cultural-education-for-medical-residents-caring-for-burmese-refugees
#4
Megan Song McHenry, Kavitha Nutakki, Nancy L Swigonski
BACKGROUND: Limited resources are available to educate health professionals on cultural considerations and specific healthcare needs of Burmese refugees. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a module focused on cross-cultural considerations when caring for Burmese refugees. METHODS: A brief educational module using anonymously tracked pre- and post-intervention, self-administered surveys was developed and studied. The surveys measured pediatric and family medicine residents' knowledge, attitudes, and comfort in caring for Burmese refugees...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#5
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
March 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988402/traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-wild-banana-musa-acuminata-colla-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Nimisha Sarah Mathew, Pradeep Singh Negi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Musa acuminata, the wild species of banana is a plant of the tropical and subtropical regions. Over the past few decades, the health benefits of M. acuminata have received much attention. All parts of the plant including fruits, peel, pseudostem, corm, flowers, leaves, sap and roots have found their use in the treatment of many diseases in traditional medicine. Literature review have indicated use of M. acuminata in the treatment of various diseases such as fever, cough, bronchitis, dysentery, allergic infections, sexually transmitted infections, and some of the non-communicable diseases...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558403/has-the-digital-health-divide-widened-trends-of-health-related-internet-use-among-older-adults-from-2003-to-2011
#7
Y Alicia Hong, Jinmyoung Cho
Objectives: To examine the trend of health-related Internet use (HRIU) among older adults. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2003, 2005, and 2011-2012 iterations of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-sponsored Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). HRIU was measured by 4 online behaviors: seeking health information, buying medicine, connecting with people with similar health problems, and communicating with doctors. Results: Internet use and HRIU among older adults increased substantially from 2003 to 2011 with more significant increases in seeking health information and communicating with doctors online...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000167/shared-decision-making-and-medication-therapy-management-with-the-use-of-an-interactive-template
#8
Katherine Montag Schafer, Michael R Gionfriddo, Deborah H Boehm
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the preliminary efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of a template-based intervention to facilitate shared decision making (SDM) in medication therapy management (MTM) consultations; and to examine the type and number of drug therapy problems (DTPs) discussed and how resolution was communicated to patients' primary care providers (PCPs). SETTING: An internal medicine clinic at a large safety-net hospital. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Hennepin County Medical Center is an urban safety net hospital serving an ethnically-diverse population with about 50 percent of patients enrolled in Medicaid...
March 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26758646/long-term-conditions-self-management-and-systems-of-support-an-exploration-of-health-beliefs-and-practices-within-the-sikh-community-birmingham-uk
#9
Manbinder S Sidhu, Laura Griffith, Kate Jolly, Paramjit Gill, Tom Marshall, Nicola K Gale
OBJECTIVE: The global prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease, continues to rise. Internationally, people of South Asian origin (i.e. by birth or heritage) are much more likely to develop and live with NCDs compared to the general population. The South Asian diaspora population is highly heterogeneous, varying by socioeconomic status, migration history, religion and ethnicity. This article reports the findings of a study to explore the types of support accessed by Punjabi Sikhs living in Birmingham and the Black Country, UK, who were living with NCDs...
October 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26312251/provision-of-pharmaceutical-care-in-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-preliminary-findings
#10
Devinder Singh Arora, Amary Mey, Satish Maganlal, Sohil Khan
OBJECTIVE: Overcoming language and cultural barriers is becoming ever challenging for pharmacists as the patient population grows more ethnically diverse. To evaluate the current practices used by the pharmacists for communicating with patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) and to assess pharmacists' knowledge of, attitude toward, and satisfaction with accessing available services for supporting LEPs patients within their current practice settings. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five pharmacists employed in pharmacies representing multiple practice settings Queensland, Australia...
July 2015: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25622079/introduction-to-the-special-series-on-health-disparities-in-genomic-medicine
#11
Kristi D Graves, Kenneth P Tercyak
Given the importance of minority health and health-disparities research in addressing our nation's health-care objectives, Health Psychology encourages manuscripts that reflect a range of themes in this topic. This special section focuses on genomic medicine and continues the journal's effort to highlight behavioral research in disparities. Genomics is a rapidly evolving science and is becoming ubiquitous throughout health care. Researchers and clinicians are increasingly turning their attention to the human genome and its interaction with the environment to understand root causes of many chronic diseases...
February 2015: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25193266/a-culturally-competent-education-program-to-increase-understanding-about-medicines-among-ethnic-minorities
#12
Lourdes Cantarero-Arévalo, Dumoue Kassem, Janine Marie Traulsen
BACKGROUND: It has been previously suggested that the risk of medicine-related problems-i.e., negative clinical outcomes, adverse drug reactions or adverse drug events resulting from the use (or lack of use) of medicines, and human error including that caused by healthcare personnel-is higher among specific ethnic minority groups compared to the majority population. OBJECTIVE: The focus of this study was on reducing medicine-related problems among Arabic-speaking ethnic minorities living in Denmark...
October 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25186789/cultural-barriers-encountered-by-norwegian-community-pharmacists-in-providing-service-to-non-western-immigrant-patients
#13
Helle Håkonsen, Karine Lees, Else-Lydia Toverud
BACKGROUND: Western societies' need for knowledge about how to meet the challenges in health care following increased immigration has emerged as studies have showed that non-Western immigrants tend to experience more obstacles to drug use and poorer communication with health professionals. OBJECTIVES: To identify the cultural barriers encountered by Norwegian community pharmacists in providing service to non-Western immigrant patients and to outline how they are being addressed...
December 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25056149/east-west-differences-in-perception-of-brain-death-review-of-history-current-understandings-and-directions-for-future-research
#14
REVIEW
Qing Yang, Geoffrey Miller
The concept of brain death as equivalent to cardiopulmonary death was initially conceived following developments in neuroscience, critical care, and transplant technology. It is now a routine part of medicine in Western countries, including the United States. In contrast, Eastern countries have been reluctant to incorporate brain death into legislation and medical practice. Several countries, most notably China, still lack laws recognizing brain death and national medical standards for making the diagnosis...
June 2015: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24647377/self-reported-sleep-difficulties-and-self-care-strategies-among-rural-older-adults
#15
Joanne C Sandberg, Cynthia K Suerken, Sara A Quandt, Kathryn P Altizer, Ronny A Bell, Wei Lang, Ha T Nguyen, Joseph G Grzywacz, Thomas A Arcury
This study examined the use of self-care strategies to address difficulty sleeping among community-dwelling older adults. Data were collected from a series of 18 questionnaires administered to 195 rural African American and white older adults in North Carolina. Participants reported whether they had experienced difficulty sleeping and strategies used to respond to the symptom. The most widely used strategies included ignoring the symptom, staying in bed or resting, and praying. Herb and supplement use were not reported...
January 2014: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24644523/perceptions-of-prescription-warning-labels-within-an-underserved-population
#16
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Brittney A Meyer, Michelle R Locke, Sara Wettergreen
OBJECTIVE: To understand how underserved populations attend to prescription warning label (PWL) instructions, examine the importance of PWL instructions to participants and describe the challenges associated with interpreting the information on PWLs. METHODS: Adults from an underserved population (racial and ethnic minorities, individuals with low income, older adults) who had a history of prescription medication use and were able to understand English took part in semi-structured interviews...
January 2014: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24434412/predictors-of-public-attitude-toward-living-organ-donation-in-kano-northern-nigeria
#17
Zubairu Iliyasu, Isa S Abubakar, Umar M Lawan, Mustapha Abubakar, Bappa Adamu
Organ shortage is a major public health challenge for transplant programs globally. The sustenance of such programs as an effective therapy for end-stage organ failure (ESOF) requires an exploration of public awareness and willingness to donate organs. This is imperative, especially in developing countries where ESOF is highly prevalent. We studied the awareness and predictors of public attitude toward organ donation in Kano city in northern Nigeria. Using interviewer-administered questionnaires, we assessed the awareness and willingness to donate solid organs among 400 adults in the Kano metropolis...
January 2014: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24355416/hbv-related-health-behaviors-in-a-socio-cultural-context-perspectives-from-khmers-and-koreans
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Haeok Lee, Peter Kiang, Phala Chea, Sonith Peou, Shirley S Tang, Jinhwang Yang, Jacqueline Fawcett, Hie-Won Hann
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore factors influencing health and health care within the sociocultural context of Cambodian Americans (CAs or Khmers) and Korean Americans (KA) and to examine intergroup similarities and differences between CAs and KAs, focusing on hepatitis B virus (HBV) and liver cancer prevention behaviors. METHODS: The study used a qualitative design guided by the revised Network Episode Model (NEM) and informed by ethnographic analysis...
May 2014: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24029249/ethnomedicinal-plants-used-for-treating-epilepsy-by-indigenous-communities-of-sub-himalayan-region-of-uttarakhand-india
#19
Jyotsana Sharma, Sumeet Gairola, R D Gaur, R M Painuli, T O Siddiqi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Although many plants are claimed to possess anticonvulsant/antiepileptic (AC/AE) properties, but there is very little information available about plants used by various ethnic communities in different parts of India to treat epilepsy, one of the most common disorders of central nervous system (CNS); this communication provides significant ethnomedicinal information on the plants used by indigenous communities: Bhoxa, Tharu and nomadic Gujjars of sub-Himalayan region, Uttarakhand, India to treat epilepsy, so that it could be used as a baseline data for studying chemical constituents and biological activities of these promising plants...
October 28, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24025591/ethical-issues-in-research-involving-minority-populations-the-process-and-outcomes-of-protocol-review-by-the-ethics-committee-of-the-faculty-of-tropical-medicine-mahidol-university-thailand
#20
Pornpimon Adams, Waranya Wongwit, Krisana Pengsaa, Srisin Khusmith, Wijitr Fungladda, Warissara Chaiyaphan, Chanthima Limphattharacharoen, Sukanya Prakobtham, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
BACKGROUND: Recruiting minorities into research studies requires special attention, particularly when studies involve "extra-vulnerable" participants with multiple vulnerabilities, e.g., pregnant women, the fetuses/neonates of ethnic minorities, children in refugee camps, or cross-border migrants. This study retrospectively analyzed submissions to the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Tropical Medicine (FTM-EC) in Thailand. Issues related to the process and outcomes of proposal review, and the main issues for which clarification/revision were requested on studies, are discussed extensively...
2013: BMC Medical Ethics
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