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Holistic addiction treatment

Daria J Kuss, Olatz Lopez-Fernandez
AIM: To provide a comprehensive overview of clinical studies on the clinical picture of Internet-use related addictions from a holistic perspective. A literature search was conducted using the database Web of Science. METHODS: Over the last 15 years, the number of Internet users has increased by 1000%, and at the same time, research on addictive Internet use has proliferated. Internet addiction has not yet been understood very well, and research on its etiology and natural history is still in its infancy...
March 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
David Miller, Merlene Miller, Kenneth Blum, Rajendra D Badgaiyan, Marcelo Febo
There are approximately 14,500 clinics and programs in America that provide treatment for all types of addictive behaviors we call "Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS)". While most of these have good intentions to provide needed help to the victims of RDS, we propose herein that most of their efforts, especially during periods of aftercare, are not based on the existing scientific evidence. We use "aftercare" to refer to any form of program or therapy following primary treatment including 12-Step programs. Very few programs actually provide any evidenced-based treatment approaches during this most vulnerable period in recovery...
October 21, 2015: Journal of Reward Deficiency Syndrome
Cindy Adams, Cheryl Arratoon, Janice Boucher, Gail Cartier, Darlene Chalmers, Colleen Anne Dell, Debra Dell, Dominique Dryka, Randy Duncan, Kathryn Dunn, Carol Hopkins, Loni Longclaws, Tamara MacKinnon, Ernie Sauve, Serene Spence, Mallory Wuttunee
There has been recent interest in Canada exploring the benefits of equine assisted interventions in the treatment of First Nations youth who misuse volatile substances. Using the richness of an exploratory case study involving the White Buffalo Youth Inhalant Treatment Centre and the Cartier Equine Learning Center, our community-based study examined the question of how an Equine Assisted Learning (EAL) program contributes to the wellbeing of First Nations female youth who misuse volatile substances. Both programs are grounded in a holistic bio-psycho-social-spiritual framework of healing...
June 2015: Human-animal Interaction Bulletin
Patricia Byrne, Kevin Ducray, Bobby P Smyth
BACKGROUND: Best practice models are calling for a holistic, needs-led, and sex-informed treatment approach to substance misuse treatment. To date, research into the impact of sex on needs and quality of life within methadone-treatment populations using validated research tools is limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of sex upon self-rated unmet need and quality of life among people on methadone treatment. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of adults attending a specialist methadone treatment clinic, in Dublin, Ireland...
January 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Roman Shrestha, Archana Krishnan, Frederick L Altice, Michael Copenhaver
BACKGROUND: Real-world clinical settings like addiction treatment programs are ill-equipped to deploy and sustain the existing resource-demanding evidence-based interventions (EBIs) that target HIV-infected people who use drugs (PWUDs), and this has left a critical void in current HIV prevention efforts. In response to this unmet need, we have conducted formative research in addiction treatment settings that has resulted in Holistic Health for HIV (3H+) - an empirically adapted, substantially abbreviated version of Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP+), a CDC-recommended EBI targeting HIV-infected PWUDs...
August 5, 2015: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Flora I Matheson, Nihaya Daoud, Sarah Hamilton-Wright, Heidi Borenstein, Cheryl Pedersen, Patricia O'Campo
BACKGROUND: Discussions on intimate partner violence (IPV) often focus on physical abuse, ignoring psychological and sexual abuse and controlling behaviors. The damage of varied forms of IPV on mental well-being in its broader form have been far less explored, especially among low-income women. Our aim was to improve our understanding of self-perceptions of mental well-being among low-income women who have experienced IPV by considering a broader definition of mental well-being that includes self-esteem and self-identity as core components...
September 2015: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Teresa Naseba Marsh, Diana Coholic, Sheila Cote-Meek, Lisa M Najavits
As with many Indigenous groups around the world, Aboriginal communities in Canada face significant challenges with trauma and substance use. The complexity of symptoms that accompany intergenerational trauma and substance use disorders represents major challenges in the treatment of both disorders. There appears to be an underutilization of substance use and mental health services, substantial client dropout rates, and an increase in HIV infections in Aboriginal communities in Canada. The aim of this paper is to explore and evaluate current literature on how traditional Aboriginal healing methods and the Western treatment model "Seeking Safety" could be blended to help Aboriginal peoples heal from intergenerational trauma and substance use disorders...
2015: Harm Reduction Journal
Mansur A Ghani, Shan-Estelle Brown, Farrah Khan, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Sin How Lim, Sangeeth K Dhaliwal, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: In Malaysia, compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) hold suspected drug users for two years without adjudication. Acute detoxification without healthcare access has been documented. CDDCs are criticized globally due to ineffectiveness in treating addiction and human rights violations. In response, the Malaysian government began transitioning these facilities into voluntary drug treatment centres known as "Cure and Care" (C&C) centres that embrace a holistic treatment-based approach to drug addiction rehabilitation...
February 2015: International Journal on Drug Policy
Nadjme Jadidi, Nouzar Nakhaee
Introduction and Aim. Further gains in the prevention of drug abuse disorders require in-depth and holistic understanding of the risk factors of addiction from different perspectives. Lay persons and experts have different concepts of risk which could complement each other. The purpose of this study was to elaborate drug abuse risk factors through the story of individuals who had become drug dependent. Design and Methods. In this qualitative research, 33 individuals attending treatment centres for drug abuse were interviewed about the story of their addiction in Kerman, Iran...
2014: Journal of Addiction
Kenneth Blum, Stephen J Schoenthaler, Marlene Oscar-Berman, John Giordano, Margaret A Madigan, Eric R Braverman, David Han
It is well known that athletes and other individuals who have suffered painful injuries are at increased risk for all reward deficiency syndrome (RDS) behaviors, including substance use disorder (SUD). Comparing patient demographics and relapse rates in chemical dependence programs is pertinent because demographics may affect outcomes. Increased risk for relapse and lower academic achievement were found to have a significant association in recent outcome data from a holistic treatment center (HTC) located in North Miami Beach, FL...
May 2014: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Hiroharu Kamioka, Shinpei Okada, Kiichiro Tsutani, Hyuntae Park, Hiroyasu Okuizumi, Shuichi Handa, Takuya Oshio, Sang-Jun Park, Jun Kitayuguchi, Takafumi Abe, Takuya Honda, Yoshiteru Mutoh
The objectives of this review were to summarize the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of animal-assisted therapy (AAT). Studies were eligible if they were RCTs. Studies included one treatment group in which AAT was applied. We searched the following databases from 1990 up to October 31, 2012: MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Ichushi Web, GHL, WPRIM, and PsycINFO. We also searched all Cochrane Database up to October 31, 2012. Eleven RCTs were identified, and seven studies were about "Mental and behavioral disorders"...
April 2014: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Jake Rance, Carla Treloar
AIMS: To explore identity transformation among service users attending opiate substitution therapy (OST) clinics following the introduction of hepatitis C (HCV) care and treatment. DESIGN: An interview-based substudy of the Australian ETHOS (Enhancing Treatment for Hepatitis C in Opiate Substitution Settings) project. SETTING: Three OST clinics and one community health centre (operating a public OST) in New South Wales, Australia. Participants were interviewed at the recruitment sites...
March 2014: Addiction
Daria J Kuss
In the 2000s, online games became popular, while studies of Internet gaming addiction emerged, outlining the negative consequences of excessive gaming, its prevalence, and associated risk factors. The establishment of specialized treatment centers in South-East Asia, the US, and Europe reflects the growing need for professional help. It is argued that only by understanding the appeal of Internet gaming, its context, and neurobiologic correlates can the phenomenon of Internet gaming addiction be understood comprehensively...
2013: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Vanessa Morgan
The purpose of this project was to examine the feasibility of an ongoing holistic wellness program in a residential facility treating persons with HIV/AIDS. The goal was to create a voluntary, four week holistic wellness intensive within the established inpatient behavioral health treatment program. Participants were given practicable holistic self care tools to effectively manage HIV related symptoms, general medical issues, addiction, depression, stress and anxiety. The program incorporated evidence-based holistic activities including yoga, therapeutic dance, meditation, Reiki, and reflective journaling...
March 2014: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Stephanie Maxine Ross
Substance use disorders are exceedingly complicated as is the treatment. In order to increase positive outcomes an understanding of all facets; bio, psycho/social/spiritual, economic, and interdisciplinary aspects are essential to successful treatment. There are an increasing number of integrative addictions treatment centers across the United States, and disciplines that care for this population who are committed to a holistic, integrative approach to addictions treatment. Whole-person interventions, the foundational underpinnings of complementary and integrative therapies that attend to mind, body, and spirit simultaneously, in combination with traditional health care, will serve to provide the most effective treatment and patient outcomes...
May 2013: Holistic Nursing Practice
K Blum, M Oscar-Berman, J Giordano, Bw Downs, T Simpatico, D Han, John Femino
Work from our laboratory in both in-patient and outpatient facilities utilizing the Comprehensive Analysis of Reported Drugs (CARD)(™) found a significant lack of compliance to prescribed treatment medications and a lack of abstinence from drugs of abuse during active recovery. This unpublished, ongoing research provides an impetus to develop accurate genetic diagnosis and holistic approaches that will safely activate brain reward circuitry in the mesolimbic dopamine system. This editorial focuses on the neurogenetics of brain reward systems with particular reference to genes related to dopaminergic function...
October 17, 2012: Journal of Genetic Syndrome & Gene Therapy
Stuart J Lee, Elizabeth Crowther, Charlotte Keating, Jayashri Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: Innovative models of care for people with a severe mental illness have been developed across Australia to more effectively address comorbidity and disability by enhancing the collaboration between clinical and non-clinical services. In particular, this review paper focuses on collaboration that has occurred to address comorbidities affecting the following domains: homelessness; substance addiction; physical ill-health; unemployment; and forensic issues. METHOD: The identification of relevant collaborative care models was facilitated by carrying out a review of the published peer-reviewed literature and policy or other published reports available on the Internet...
April 2013: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Susan Kaiser
Practicing within the paradigm of compartmentalized specially treatment without a collaborative practice is ineffective for the chemical dependency and dual diagnosis population. Chemical dependency is not well understood as a disease, evidenced by barriers cited from the 2005 Survey on Drug Use and Health. Recovery from addiction and dual diagnosis logically demands an integrated and science-based treatment approach with unified standards for care and improved educational standards for preparation of care providers...
March 2012: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
K Kenny, A O'Carroll
BACKGROUND: The methadone protocol placed responsibility on general practitioners (GPs) for the methadone treatment of stabilised drug-addicted patients. The protocol emphasised a medico-pharmacological model with minor reference to psychotherapeutic treatment. AIM: This qualitative study investigated how primary care GPs in Ireland use psychotherapeutic interventions in the treatment of methadone patients. METHOD: A grounded theory methodology was used...
March 2012: Irish Journal of Medical Science
M S Abdool-Gaffar, A Ambaram, G M Ainslie, C T Bolliger, C Feldman, L Geffen, E M Irusen, J Joubert, U G Lalloo, T T Mabaso, K Nyamande, J O'Brien, W Otto, R Raine, G Richards, C Smith, D Stickells, A Venter, S Visser, M Wong
OBJECTIVE: To revise the South African Guideline for the Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) based on emerging research that has informed updated recommendations. KEY POINTS: (1) Smoking is the major cause of COPD, but exposure to biomass fuels and tuberculosis are important additional factors. (2) Spirometry is essential for the diagnosis and staging of COPD. (3) COPD is either undiagnosed or diagnosed too late, so limiting the benefit of therapeutic interventions; performing spirometry in at-risk individuals will help to establish an early diagnosis...
January 2011: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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