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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923690/dicranostiga-leptopodu-maxim-fedde-extracts-attenuated-ccl4-induced-acute-liver-damage-in-mice-through-increasing-anti-oxidative-enzyme-activity-to-improve-mitochondrial-function
#1
Deping Tang, Fang Wang, Jinzhou Tang, Aihong Mao, Shiqi Liao, Qin Wang
Dicranostiga Leptodu (Maxim.) fedde (DLF), a poppy plant, has been reported have many benefits and medicinal properties, including free radicals scavenging and detoxifying. However, the protective effect of DLF extracts against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced damage in mice liver has not been elucidated. Here, we demonstrated that DLF extracts attenuated CCl4-induced liver damage in mice through increasing anti-oxidative enzyme activity to improve mitochondrial function. In this study, the mice liver damage evoked by CCl4 was marked by morphology changes, significant rise in lipid peroxidation, as well as alterations of mitochondrial respiratory function...
December 3, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901506/squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-a-wild-european-bullhead-cottus-gobio
#2
F Quaglio, V Zappulli, L Poppi, P Capovilla, F Capparucci, F Marino
A pharyngeal tumor was found in a wild European bullhead. The tumor mass appeared underneath the operculum and was bilobed. The major neoplastic component showed diffuse epithelial squamous differentiation. Crossmonn's trichrome allowed identification of connective tissues whereas no neoplastic cells were stained. Periodic acid-Schiff was negative within the mass, and Giemsa did not show any further diagnostic significance. Immunohistochemistry showed diffuse positive cytoplasmic staining of the neoplastic population with an anti-human pancytokeratin antibody...
November 22, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895286/pyrolysis-of-poppy-capsule-pulp-for-bio-oil-production
#3
Derya Yeşim Hopa, Nazan Yılmaz, Oğuzhan Alagöz, Meltem Dilek, Ahmet Helvacı, Ümit Durupınar
The feasibility of biofuel production via the pyrolysis of poppy capsule pulp, the main waste product of Afyon Alkoloid Factory, was investigated. The poppy capsule pulp was shown to have a high volatile matter content (ca. 76%). Pyrolysis experiments were carried out in the temperature range 400-550°C (heating rate 18°C min(-1) and holding time 20 min) under a nitrogen atmosphere. The chemical components of the bio-oil were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
December 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882891/a-comparative-mass-spectrometric-study-of-fatty-acids-and-metals-in-some-seed-extracts
#4
Sonia Niculina Suvar, R Bleiziffer, P Podea, A Iordache, C Voica, R Zgavarogea, M Culea
A major cause of cardiovascular diseases and cancer is diet content, so the optimization of micronutrients in food is very important. Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation for patients had beneficial effects on subjective global assessment score and metabolic profiles. Fatty acids content and the metal ions in different seeds (e.g. linseed, poppy, grape, hemp, nuts, pumpkin, sesame, watermelon, chia) recommended as food supplements, purchased on the Romanian market, were compared. Gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used as an excellent technique for fatty acids identification and quantitation, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) for analytical measurements of metals...
2016: European Journal of Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848430/poppy-ambassador
#5
(no author information available yet)
Army nurse Ben Poku (pictured) is featuring in a Royal British Legion campaign for this year's poppy appeal.
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837372/development-of-newly-sanguinarine-biosynthetic-capacity-in-in-vitro-rootless-shoots-of-argemone-mexicana-l-mexican-prickly-poppy
#6
Jorge Xool-Tamayo, Germán Serrano-Gamboa, Miriam Monforte-González, Gumersindo Mirón-López, Felipe Vázquez-Flota
OBJECTIVE: To analyze berberine and sanguinarine biosynthetic capacities of both in vitro shoot and root cultures of Argemone mexicana and tissues from entire plants at different developmental stages. RESULTS: Berberine and sanguinarine were equally distributed in roots and aerial tissues of developing plantlet whereas, in juvenile plants, sanguinarine was only detected in roots. This alkaloid distribution was consistent with that of biosynthetic transcripts in juvenile plants...
November 11, 2016: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830833/noscapine-targets-egfr-p-tyr1068-to-suppress-the-proliferation-and-invasion-of-mg63-cells
#7
Ming He, Linlin Jiang, Zhaozhou Ren, Guangbin Wang, Jiashi Wang
Osteosarcoma, the most common primary malignant bone tumor, usually arises in the metaphysis of long bones. Amplification and mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene represent signature genetic abnormalities encountered in osteosarcoma. Noscapine is a benzylisoquinoline alkaloid derived from the opium poppy Papaver somniferum. Recently several studies have suggested its anti-cancer effect in melanoma, ovarian cancer, gliomas, breast cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer. However, the underlying molecular mechanism for its anti-cancer effect still remains unclear...
November 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809967/prevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-pet-dogs-in-mainland-china-a-meta-analysis
#8
Yu-Meng Gao, Huan Ding, Poppy H L Lamberton, Da-Bing Lu
Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is one of the most common zoonosis in the world, and can cause severe adverse consequences in pregnant women and immunosuppressed people. Throughout the world dogs are popular companion animals, however they are also important intermediate host of T. gondii and may play an instrumental role in mechanically transmitting Toxoplasma infection to humans. Therefore, an assessment of the level of T. gondii infection in pet dogs is of public health importance. To estimate the overall serological prevalence of toxoplasmosis in pet dogs in mainland China, we performed a meta-analysis using five bibliographic databases: CNKI, WanFang, VIP Chinese Journal Databases, PubMed and Google Scholar...
October 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808606/compassion-in-action
#9
Poppy Butler
A 94-year-old patient came into clinic by himself for a routine appointment. It was immediately apparent that he was struggling with his personal hygiene - he had a strong odour and his clothes were soiled.
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808289/importance-of-the-structural-integrity-of-a-carbon-conjugated-mediator-for-photocatalytic-hydrogen-generation-from-water-over-a-cds-carbon-nanotube-mos2-composite
#10
Molly Meng-Jung Li, Poppy Mills, Simon M Fairclough, Alex Robertson, Yung-Kang Peng, Jamie Warner, Chunyang Nie, Emmanuel Flahaut, Shik Chi Edman Tsang
Incorporation of CdS quantum dots is shown to significantly promote photocatalytic hydrogen production from water over single-layer MoS2 in a remote manner via their dispersions on a carbon nanotube as a nanocomposite: the hydrogen evolution rate is found to be critically dependent on the content and structural integrity of the carbon nanotube such that the double-walled carbon nanotube shows superior H2 production to a single-walled carbon nanotube because the inner carbon tubules survive from the structural damage during functionalization...
November 3, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803501/medication-therapy-management-for-patients-receiving-oral-chemotherapy-agents-at-a-community-oncology-center-a-pilot-study
#11
Nathan S Bertsch, Ross J Bindler, Poppy L Wilson, Anne P Kim, Beverly Ward
Purpose: To determine the impact of a pharmacist-driven medication therapy management (MTM) program for patients receiving oral chemotherapy agents. Methods: We assessed the impact of MTM consultations with a pharmacist for patients who were receiving a new prescription for an oral chemotherapy agent. Data were assessed for outcomes including (1) number of medication errors identified in electronic medical records (EMRs), (2) number of interventions performed by the pharmacist, (3) time spent on the MTM process, and (4) patient satisfaction...
October 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798031/the-environmental-footprint-of-morphine-a-life-cycle-assessment-from-opium-poppy-farming-to-the-packaged-drug
#12
Scott McAlister, Yanjun Ou, Elise Neff, Karen Hapgood, David Story, Philip Mealey, Forbes McGain
OBJECTIVE: To examine the environmental life cycle from poppy farming through to production of 100 mg in 100 mL of intravenous morphine (standard infusion bag). DESIGN: 'Cradle-to-grave' process-based life cycle assessment (observational). SETTINGS: Australian opium poppy farms, and facilities for pelletising, manufacturing morphine, and sterilising and packaging bags of morphine. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The environmental effects (eg, CO2 equivalent ('CO2 e') emissions and water use) of producing 100 mg of morphine...
October 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796999/using-solid-13-c-nmr-coupled-with-solution-31-p-nmr-spectroscopy-to-investigate-molecular-species-and-lability-of-organic-carbon-and-phosphorus-from-aquatic-plants-in-tai-lake-china
#13
Shasha Liu, Yuanrong Zhu, Fengchang Wu, Wei Meng, Hao Wang, Zhongqi He, Wenjing Guo, Fanhao Song, John P Giesy
Forms and labilities of plant-derived organic matters (OMs) including carbon (C) and phosphorus (P) were fundamental for understanding their release, degradation and environmental behaviour in lake ecosystems. Thus, solid (13)C and solution (31)P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy were used to characterize biomass of six aquatic plants in Tai Lake, China. The results showed that carbohydrates (61.2% of the total C) were predominant C functional group in the solid (13)C NMR spectra of plant biomass, which may indicate high lability and bioavailability of aquatic plants-derived organic matter in lakes...
October 31, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793128/defining-cognitive-impairment-in-people-living-with-hiv-the-poppy-study
#14
Davide De Francesco, Jonathan Underwood, Frank A Post, Jaime H Vera, Ian Williams, Marta Boffito, Memory Sachikonye, Jane Anderson, Patrick W G Mallon, Alan Winston, Caroline A Sabin
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI) varies widely in cohorts of people living with HIV (PLWH); this may partly be due to the use of different diagnostic criteria. Agreement between diagnostic criteria of CI, the optimal definition to use, and associations with patient-reported cognitive symptoms have not been fully investigated. METHODS: Two hundred ninety PLWH aged >50 years and 97 matched negative controls completed a detailed assessment of cognitive function and three questions regarding cognitive symptoms...
October 28, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785907/associations-between-cognitive-impairment-and-patient-reported-measures-of-physical-mental-functioning-in-older-people-living-with-hiv
#15
J Underwood, D De Francesco, F A Post, J H Vera, I Williams, M Boffito, P W Mallon, J Anderson, M Sachikonye, C Sabin, A Winston
OBJECTIVES: While cognitive impairment is frequently reported in HIV-positive individuals and has historically been associated with poorer functional outcomes, the associations between cognitive impairment and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in contemporary cohorts are unclear. METHODS: We tested cognitive function using a computerized battery (CogState(™) ) in 290 HIV-positive and 97 HIV-negative individuals aged ≥ 50 years participating in the Pharmacokinetic and Clinical Observations in People Over Fifty (POPPY) study...
October 26, 2016: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761334/the-ethnobotany-of-psychoactive-plant-use-a-phylogenetic-perspective
#16
Nashmiah Aid Alrashedy, Jeanmaire Molina
Psychoactive plants contain chemicals that presumably evolved as allelochemicals but target certain neuronal receptors when consumed by humans, altering perception, emotion and cognition. These plants have been used since ancient times as medicines and in the context of religious rituals for their various psychoactive effects (e.g., as hallucinogens, stimulants, sedatives). The ubiquity of psychoactive plants in various cultures motivates investigation of the commonalities among these plants, in which a phylogenetic framework may be insightful...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760207/which-moral-foundations-predict-willingness-to-make-lifestyle-changes-to-avert-climate-change-in-the-usa
#17
Janis L Dickinson, Poppy McLeod, Robert Bloomfield, Shorna Allred
Jonathan Haidt's Moral Foundations Theory identifies five moral axes that can influence human motivation to take action on vital problems like climate change. The theory focuses on five moral foundations, including compassion, fairness, purity, authority, and ingroup loyalty; these have been found to differ between liberals and conservatives as well as Democrats and Republicans. Here we show, based on the Cornell National Social Survey (USA), that valuations of compassion and fairness were strong, positive predictors of willingness to act on climate change, whereas purity had a non-significant tendency in the positive direction (p = 0...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754552/a-prospective-study-of-patients-with-refractory-angina-outcomes-and-the-role-of-high-sensitivity-troponin-t
#18
Nilson T Poppi, Luís H W Gowdak, Luciana O C Dourado, Eduardo L Adam, Thiago N P Leite, Bruno M Mioto, José E Krieger, Luiz A M César, Alexandre C Pereira
BACKGROUND: The predictors of cardiovascular events in patients with chronic refractory angina are limited. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) assays are biomarkers that may be used to determine the prognosis of patients with stable coronary artery disease. HYPOTHESIS: Hs-cTnT is a predictor of death and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with refractory angina. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 117 consecutive patients in this study...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742363/unravelling-the-resistance-mechanisms-to-2-4-d-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-in-corn-poppy-papaver-rhoeas
#19
Jordi Rey-Caballero, Julio Menéndez, Jordi Giné-Bordonaba, Marisa Salas, Ricardo Alcántara, Joel Torra
In southern Europe, the intensive use of 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) and tribenuron-methyl in cereal crop systems has resulted in the evolution of resistant (R) corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas L.) biotypes. Experiments were conducted to elucidate (1) the resistance response to these two herbicides, (2) the cross-resistant pattern to other synthetic auxins and (3) the physiological basis of the auxin resistance in two R (F-R213 and D-R703) populations. R plants were resistant to both 2,4-D and tribenuron-methyl (F-R213) or just to 2,4-D (D-R703) and both R populations were also resistant to dicamba and aminopyralid...
October 2016: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671811/berberine-and-its-role-in-chronic-disease
#20
Arrigo F G Cicero, Alessandra Baggioni
Berberine is a quaternary ammonium salt from the protoberberine group of isoquinoline alkaloids. It is found in such plants as Berberis [e.g. Berberis aquifolium (Oregon grape), Berberis vulgaris (barberry), Berberis aristata (tree turmeric)], Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal), Xanthorhiza simplicissima (yellowroot), Phellodendron amurense ([2]) (Amur corktree), Coptis chinensis (Chinese goldthread), Tinospora cordifolia, Argemone mexicana (prickly poppy) and Eschscholzia californica (Californian poppy). In vitro it exerts significant anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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