Read by QxMD icon Read


R B Raffa, J V Pergolizzi, R Taylor, M H Ossipov
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Advances in pain research have led to an understanding that many pains are driven by more than one underlying (patho)physiologic cause (ie, they are "multimechanistic") and that better pain relief is obtained with fewer adverse effects when an analgesic is correspondingly multimechanistic. At least two of the more-modern analgesics combine opioid and non-opioid mechanisms, and have become known as "atypical opioids." Less well known is that just as Nature evolved opioids, it also evolved atypical opioids, presaging modern drug discovery efforts...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Srini Chary
Methadone for pain management in this article describes briefly pain, methadone as a Level 3 World Health Organization ladder opioid in the context of India and rest of the world, as well as the relationship to past, present, and future possibilities of pain management. Acute pain is proportional to the injury most of the times, and such proportionality may not exist in chronic pain. Pain management over decades has changed because of knowledge and availability of molecules and compounds to reduce chronic pain...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Urip Harahap, Poppy Anjelisa Zaitun Hasibuan, Panal Sitorus, Nur Arfian, Denny Satria
Objective: This study was carried out to investigate the antimigration activity of Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC. in the 4T1 breast cancer cell line. Methods: Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC. fruit powder was extracted by maceration method with n-hexane and ethylacetate solvents. Cytotoxicity and proliferation were assessed using the MTT method and the cell cycle by flow cytometry. In addition, wound healing assays were conducted by a microscopic method, and expression of COX-2 and VEGFR-2 were determined using qRT-PCR...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Poppy Watson, Reinout W Wiers, Bernhard Hommel, Sanne de Wit
Outcome-response (O-R) priming is at the core of various associative theories of human intentional action. This is a simple and parsimonious mechanism by which activation of outcome representations (e.g. thinking about the light coming on) leads to activation of the associated motor patterns required to achieve it (e.g. pushing the light switch). In the current manuscript, we review the evidence for such O-R associative links demonstrated by converging (yet until now, separate) strands of research. While there is a wealth of evidence that both the perceptual and motivational properties of an outcome can be encoded in the O-R association and mediate O-R priming, we critically examine the integration of these mechanisms and the conditions under which motivational factors constrain the sensory O-R priming effect...
February 21, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Alvin Richards-Belle, Paul R Mouncey, Dorothy Wade, Chris R Brewin, Lydia M Emerson, Richard Grieve, David A Harrison, Sheila Harvey, David Howell, Monty Mythen, Zia Sadique, Deborah Smyth, John Weinman, John Welch, Kathryn M Rowan
INTRODUCTION: Acute psychological stress, as well as unusual experiences including hallucinations and delusions, are common in critical care unit patients and have been linked to post-critical care psychological morbidity such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety. Little high-quality research has been conducted to evaluate psychological interventions that could alleviate longer-term psychological morbidity in the critical care unit setting. Our research team developed and piloted a nurse-led psychological intervention, aimed at reducing patient-reported PTSD symptom severity and other adverse psychological outcomes at 6 months, for evaluation in the POPPI trial...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Yosuke Nomura, Madeleine Garcia, Jason Child, Amanda L Hurst, Daniel Hyman, Amy Poppy, Claire Palmer, Daksha Ranade, Laura Pyle, Sarah K Parker
PURPOSE: The effect of mandatory provider-selected order indications (PSOIs) on appropriateness of antimicrobial ordering in a tertiary pediatric hospital was evaluated. METHODS: Mandatory PSOIs for 14 antimicrobials were implemented in September 2013. Data on initial and final orders in the first 24 hours after ordering were collected from the electronic medical record. Orders from pre-PSOI and post-PSOI implementation were randomly selected and compared with documentation at the time of order to elicit the documentation-determined clinical indication (DDCI)...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Veronika Jablonická, Jörg Ziegler, Zuzana Vatehová, Desana Lišková, Ingo Heilmann, Marek Obložinský, Mareike Heilmann
Benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs) are important secondary plant metabolites and include medicinally relevant drugs, such as morphine or codeine. As the de novo synthesis of BIA backbones is (still) unfeasible, to date the opium poppy plant Papaver somniferum L. represents the main source of BIAs. The formation of BIAs is induced in poppy plants by stress conditions, such as wounding or salt treatment; however, the details about regulatory processes controlling BIA formation in opium poppy are not well studied...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Pandi Palanikumar, Dani Joel Daffni Benitta, Chinnadurai Lelin, Eswaramoorthy Thirumalaikumar, Mariavincent Michaelbabu, Thavasimuthu Citarasu
Argemone mexicana called as Mexican prickly poppy is a species of poppy found in Mexico and now widely naturalized in many parts of the world with broad range of bioactivities including anthelmintic, cures lepsory, skin-diseases, inflammations and bilious fevers. Plant parts of A. mexicana were serially extracted with hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and performed antiviral and immunostimulant screening against WSSV and Vibrio harveyi respectively. The control groups succumbed to death 100% within three days, whereas the mortality was significantly (P < 0...
February 7, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Michael A Marciano, Sini X Panicker, Garrett D Liddil, Danielle Lindgren, Kevin S Sweder
This study is the first to report the successful development of a method to extract opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) DNA from heroin samples. Determining of the source of an unknown heroin sample (forensic geosourcing) is vital to informing domestic and foreign policy related to counter-narcoterrorism. Current profiling methods focus on identifying process-related chemical impurities found in heroin samples. Changes to the geographically distinct processing methods may lead to difficulties in classifying and attributing heroin samples to a region/country...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Anna Kluza, Ewa Niedzialkowska, Katarzyna Kurpiewska, Zuzanna Wojdyla, Matthew Quesne, Ewa Kot, Przemyslaw J Porebski, Tomasz Borowski
Thebaine 6-O-demethylase (T6ODM) from Papaver somniferum (opium poppy), which belongs to the non-heme 2-oxoglutarate/Fe(II)-dependent dioxygenases (ODD) family, is a key enzyme in the morphine biosynthesis pathway. Initially, T6ODM was characterized as an enzyme catalyzing O-demethylation of thebaine to neopinone and oripavine to morphinone, however the substrate range of T6ODM was recently expanded to a number of various benzylisoquinoline alkaloids. Here, we present crystal structures of T6ODM in complexes with 2-oxoglutarate (T6ODM:2OG, PDB: 5O9W) and succinate (T6ODM:SIN, PDB: 5O7Y)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Structural Biology
Jiří Zahradník, Jaroslav Nunvar, Hana Pařízková, Lucie Kolářová, Andrea Palyzová, Helena Marešová, Michal Grulich, Eva Kyslíková, Pavel Kyslík
Two non-pathogenic strains R89-1 and R90T isolated from poppy seed (Papaver somniferum L.) wastes were phenotypically and genotypically characterized. Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) was conducted with six genes (atpD, glnA, gyrB, recA, rpoB, 16S rRNA). The strains represented a new species which clustered with Agrobacterium rubi NBRC 13261T and Agrobacterium skierniewicense Ch11T type strains. MLSA was further accompanied by whole-genome phylogeny, in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) analyses for both strains...
January 31, 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
Ya-Jun Huang, Pi Cheng, Zhuo-Yi Zhang, Shi-Jie Tian, Zhi-Liang Sun, Jian-Guo Zeng, Zhao-Ying Liu
In this study, the biotransformation in the plasma, urine and feces of rats following oral administration of protopine (PRO) and allocryptopine (ALL)were explored using HPLC-QqTOF MS. An HPLC-MS/MS method for the determination of tissues was developed and applied to the tissue distribution study in rats following intragastric administration of Plume Poppy Total Alkaloid for 3 weeks. A total of ten PRO metabolites and ten ALL metabolites were characterized in rats in vivo. Among these metabolites, six PRO metabolites and five ALL metabolites were reported for the first time...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Joaquín M Prada, Panayiota Touloupou, Moses Adriko, Edridah M Tukahebwa, Poppy H L Lamberton, T Déirdre Hollingsworth
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a major socio-economic and public health problem in many sub-Saharan African countries. After large mass drug administration (MDA) campaigns, prevalence of infection rapidly returns to pre-treatment levels. The traditional egg-based diagnostic for schistosome infections, Kato-Katz, is being substituted in many settings by circulating antigen recognition-based diagnostics, usually the point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen test (CCA). The relationship between these diagnostics is poorly understood, particularly after treatment in both drug-efficacy studies and routine monitoring...
January 8, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Kentaro Hori, Yasuyuki Yamada, Purwanto Ratmoyo, Yohei Minakuchi, Atsushi Toyoda, Hideki Hirakawa, Fumihiko Sato
Land plants produce specialized low-molecular-weight metabolites to adapt to various environmental stressors, such as ultraviolet radiation, pathogen infection, wounding, and animal feeding damage. Due to the large variety of stresses, plants produce various chemicals, particularly plant species-specific alkaloids, through specialized biosynthetic pathways. In this study, using a draft genome sequence and querying known biosynthetic cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme-encoding genes, we characterized the P450 genes involved in benzylisoquinoline alkaloid (BIA) biosynthesis in California poppy (Eschscholzia californica), as P450s are key enzymes involved in the diversification of specialized metabolism...
December 29, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Ron C Gaba, Regina M Schwind, Sebastien Ballet
PURPOSE: To systematically review mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics (PKs), efficacy, and safety of ethiodized oil-based locoregional therapy (LRT) for liver cancer in preclinical models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed from 1988 to 2016. Search terms included hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), HCC, liver-cell carcinoma, liver, hepatic, hepatocarcinoma, transarterial or chemoembolization, TACE, animal, Lipiodol, Ethiodol, iodized oil, and/or poppy-seed oil...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Johannes Asplund-Samuelsson, Markus Janasch, Elton P Hudson
Introducing biosynthetic pathways into an organism is both reliant on and challenged by endogenous biochemistry. Here we compared the expansion potential of the metabolic network in the photoautotroph Synechocystis with that of the heterotroph E. coli using the novel workflow POPPY (Prospecting Optimal Pathways with PYthon). First, E. coli and Synechocystis metabolomic and fluxomic data were combined with metabolic models to identify thermodynamic constraints on metabolite concentrations (NET analysis). Then, thousands of automatically constructed pathways were placed within each network and subjected to a network-embedded variant of the max-min driving force analysis (NEM)...
December 23, 2017: Metabolic Engineering
Margaret Maxwell, Karen Semple, Sarah Wane, Andrew Elders, Edward Duncan, Purva Abhyankar, Joyce Wilkinson, Douglas Tincello, Eileen Calveley, Mary MacFarlane, Doreen McClurg, Karen Guerrero, Helen Mason, Suzanne Hagen
BACKGROUND: Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) is estimated to affect 41%-50% of women aged over 40. Findings from the multi-centre randomised controlled "Pelvic Organ Prolapse PhysiotherapY" (POPPY) trial showed that individualised pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) was effective in reducing symptoms of prolapse, improved quality of life and showed clear potential to be cost-effective. However, provision of PFMT for prolapse continues to vary across the UK, with limited numbers of women's health physiotherapists specialising in its delivery...
December 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Carlos Diego L de Albuquerque, Regivaldo Gomes Sobral Filho, Ronei Jesus Poppi, Alexandre G Brolo
Single molecule surface-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SM-SERS) has the potential to revolutionize quantitative analysis at ultra-low concentrations (less than 1 nM). However, there are no established protocols to generalize the application of this technique in analytical chemistry. Here, a protocol for quantification at ultra-low concentrations using SM-SERS is proposed. The approach aims to take advantage of the stochastic nature of the single-molecule regime to achieved lower limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ)...
December 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Arpit Parmar, Vaibhav Patil, Siddharth Sarkar, Ravindra Rao
BACKGROUND: The type of opioid used influences the severity and complications experienced. Natural opiates (opium and poppy husk) use is a socio-culturally accepted phenomenon reported in India. However, studies on their profile, quality of life, and addiction severity are limited. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this cross-sectional, observational study was to assess the socio-demographic profile, clinical profile, addiction severity, and quality of life of treatment-seeking natural opiate users...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Margaret R Wentz
Recognizing the contribution art has had in the Mayo Clinic environment since the original Mayo Clinic Building was finished in 1914, Mayo Clinic Proceedings features some of the numerous works of art displayed throughout the buildings and grounds on Mayo Clinic campuses as interpreted by the author.
December 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"