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Gastritis, egd

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250898/gastric-intestinal-metaplasia-is-associated-with-gastric-dysplasia-but-is-inversely-correlated-with-esophageal-dysplasia
#1
Justin M Gomez, James T Patrie, Wissam Bleibel, Jeanetta W Frye, Bryan G Sauer, Vanessa M Shami, Edward B Stelow, Christopher A Moskaluk, Andrew Y Wang
AIM: To determine which clinical factors might be associated with gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM) in a North American population. METHODS: Pathology and endoscopy databases at an academic medical center were reviewed to identify patients with and without gastric IM on biopsies for a retrospective cohort study. Patient demographics, insurance status, and other clinical factors were reviewed. RESULTS: Four hundred and sixty-eight patients with gastric IM (mean age: 61...
February 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243860/upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-prior-to-bariatric-surgery-mandatory-or-expendable-an-analysis-of-801-cases
#2
Stefan Wolter, Anna Duprée, Jameel Miro, Cornelia Schroeder, Marie-Isabelle Jansen, Clarissa Schulze-Zur-Wiesch, Stefan Groth, Jakob Izbicki, Oliver Mann, Philipp Busch
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal pathologies are common in bariatric patients. Preoperative esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy (EGD) should detect and treat pathologies that might alter the type of bariatric surgery. However, clinical consequences of these findings are often insignificant. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of preoperative endoscopy in our cohort and its clinical consequences. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of endoscopic findings in patients under evaluation for bariatric surgery...
February 27, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217843/association-between-gastric-cancer-and-the-kyoto-classification-of-gastritis
#3
Satoki Shichijo, Yoshihiro Hirata, Ryota Niikura, Yoku Hayakawa, Atsuo Yamada, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Histological gastritis is associated with gastric cancer, but its diagnosis requires biopsy. Many classifications of endoscopic gastritis are available, but not all are useful for risk stratification of gastric cancer. The Kyoto Classification of Gastritis was proposed at the 85th Congress of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society. This cross-sectional study evaluated the usefulness of the Kyoto Classification of Gastritis for risk stratification of gastric cancer...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185152/incidental-finding-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-during-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-obese-patients
#4
Germán Viscido, Franco Signorini, Luciano Navarro, Mario Campazzo, Patricia Saleg, Verónica Gorodner, Lucio Obeide, Federico Moser
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of incidental pathology found during laparoscopic bariatric surgery has been estimated to be 2%. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are infrequent lesions and account for less than 1% of all digestive tract tumors. The reported incidence of this type of tumors during bariatric surgery is around 0.8%. The objective of this study was to evaluate incidence, characteristics, and evolution of incidentally found GISTs in patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for the treatment of obesity...
February 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163290/gastric-neuroendocrine-tumor-with-hypergastrinemia-following-type-b-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-a-case-report
#5
Eriko Yamaguchi, Tsutomu Iwasa, Eikichi Ihara, Yosuke Tomita, Akira Aso, Eiji Oki, Kayoko Nakano, Minako Hirahashi, Kazuhiko Nakamura
A man in his 60s was referred to our institution for the evaluation of a gastric neuroendocrine tumor (G-NET) located in the fornix and that measured 13mm in size. Blood test results revealed hypergastrinemia (up to 3376pg/ml). Additional tests, including esophagogastroduodenoscopy, computed tomography, and intragastric pH monitoring, indicated that hypergastrinemia was not associated with type A autoimmune gastritis or gastrinoma. The patient was positive for the immunoglobulin G antibody against Helicobacter pylori, suggesting type B chronic atrophic gastritis as the cause for the condition...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100991/sphincter-of-oddi-dysfunction-a-perplexing-presentation
#6
Sana Ahmad Din, Iman Naimi, Mirza Beg
Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction is caused by stenosis or dyskinesia of the sphincter of Oddi, leading to blockage of bile drainage from the common bile duct. We present the case of a 16-year-old female with chronic abdominal pain who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis but continued to experience abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting along with persistently elevated ALT and AST levels. Postoperative abdominal ultrasound was nondiagnostic. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed mild reflux esophagitis and mild chronic Helicobacter pylori-negative gastritis...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065527/iron-deficiency-anemia-despite-effective-gluten-free-diet-in-celiac-disease-diagnostic-role-of-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy
#7
Konstantinos Efthymakis, Angelo Milano, Francesco Laterza, Mariaelena Serio, Matteo Neri
BACKGROUND & AIM: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with celiac disease (CD). Although gluten-free diet (GFD) is an efficient treatment for CD, IDA remains an occasional finding during follow-up and correlates to inadequate gluten exclusion. Little is known regarding persistent IDA despite effective GFD. We aimed to evaluate the role of small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) in this setting. METHODS: We prospectively included consecutive patients undergoing GFD for ≥24 months with persistent concomitant IDA...
December 21, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957783/russian-caucasians-have-a-higher-risk-of-erosive-reflux-disease-compared-with-east-asians-a-direct-endoscopic-comparison
#8
S-H Ko, M K Baeg, H S Jung, P Kim, M-G Choi
BACKGROUND: Erosive reflux disease (ERD) is prevalent in the West, and its incidence is increasing in the East. The differences between the West and East, especially in body composition, have not been investigated thoroughly. METHODS: Subjects who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and body composition analysis during health screening were analyzed retrospectively. Russian Caucasians who visited Korea were propensity matched with native Koreans. Endoscopy results were analyzed to identify ERD and gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV) status...
December 12, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785312/nodule-regression-in-adults-with-nodular-gastritis
#9
Ji Wan Kim, Sun-Young Lee, Jeong Hwan Kim, In-Kyung Sung, Hyung Seok Park, Chan-Sup Shim, Hye Seung Han
BACKGROUND: Nodular gastritis (NG) is associated with the presence of Helicobacter pylori infection, but there are controversies on nodule regression in adults. The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that are related to the nodule regression in adults diagnosed as NG. METHODS: Adult population who were diagnosed as NG with H. pylori infection during esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) at our center were included. Changes in the size and location of the nodules, status of H...
December 2015: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604367/endoscopic-gastric-atrophy-is-strongly-associated-with-gastric-cancer-development-after-helicobacter-pylori-eradication
#10
Osamu Toyoshima, Yutaka Yamaji, Shuntaro Yoshida, Shuhei Matsumoto, Hiroharu Yamashita, Takamitsu Kanazawa, Keisuke Hata
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for gastric cancer during continuous infection with Helicobacter pylori have been well documented; however, little has been reported on the risk factors for primary gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication. We conducted a retrospective, endoscopy-based, long-term, large-cohort study to clarify the risk factors for gastric cancer following H. pylori eradication. METHODS: Patients who achieved successful H. pylori eradication and periodically underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy surveillance thereafter at Toyoshima Endoscopy Clinic were enrolled...
September 7, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509981/tlr1-polymorphism-associations-with-gastric-mucosa-morphologic-patterns-on-magnifying-nbi-endoscopy-a-prospective-crosssectional-study
#11
Taweesak Tongtawee, Theeraya Bartpho, Soraya Kaewpitoon, Natthawut Kaewpitoon, Chavaboon Dechsukhum, Wilairat Leeanansaksiri, Ryan A Loyd, Likit Matrakool, Sukij Panpimanmas
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is now recognized as a causative factor of chronic gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcers, gastric cancer and mucosaassociated lymphatic tissue lymphoma. Tolllike receptors are important bacterial receptors in gastric epithelial cell signaling transduction and play critical roles in gastric carcinogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 400 patients undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy for investigation of chronic abdominal pain were genotyped for singlenucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLR1 (rs4833095) using TagMan SNPs genotyping assay by realtime PCR hybridization...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484349/radiation-recall-gastritis-secondary-to-combination-of-gemcitabine-and-erlotinib-in-pancreatic-cancer-and-response-to-ppi-a-case-report
#12
Seong Ji Choi, Hyo Jung Kim, Jae Seon Kim, Young-Tae Bak, Jun Suk Kim
BACKGROUND: Radiation recall gastritis is rare but can be induced after concurrent chemoradiation for pancreatic cancer. We report a patient with pancreatic cancer who developed radiation-recall gastritis related to a combination of gemcitabine and erlotinib. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old female with unresectable pancreatic cancer received gemcitabine in combination with radiation therapy followed by chemotherapy with gemcitabine and erlotinib. After completing 2 cycles of chemotherapy, the patient had epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461830/the-spectrum-of-gastric-pathology-in-portal-hypertension-an-endoscopic-and-pathologic-study-of-550-cases
#13
Changqing Ma, Chien-Huan Chen, Ta-Chiang Liu
One of the main tasks for pathologists when evaluating gastric biopsies from patients with portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) is to examine whether there is increased mucosal vasculature as suggested by endoscopy. However, the full spectrum of pathology findings in patients with portal hypertension (pHTN) is largely unknown. We systematically characterized the endoscopic and pathologic features in gastric biopsies from pHTN patients (study group) and compared with those from patients without pHTN (control group)...
August 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442585/gastric-precancerous-conditions-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-dyspeptic-patients-with-or-without-endoscopic-lesions
#14
Edith Lahner, Gianluca Esposito, Angelo Zullo, Cesare Hassan, Marilia Carabotti, Gloria Galli, Bruno Annibale
OBJECTIVE: In dyspeptic patients, esophagogastroduodenoscopy is often negative for visible lesions. Biopsies of the normal-appearing mucosa for Helicobacter pylori detection are not routinely obtained. Diagnostic gain of routine biopsies is still debated. This study aimed to assess the occurrence of H. pylori infection and related gastric premalignant conditions in dyspeptic patients without visible lesions at esophagogastroduodenoscopy and whether the presence/absence of endoscopically visible lesions may address the endoscopist to obtain gastric biopsies...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339595/the-predictors-of-mortality-and-secular-changes-in-management-strategies-in-emphysematous-gastritis
#15
Andrew Watson, Vadim Bul, Jonas Staudacher, Robert Carroll, Cemal Yazici
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Emphysematous gastritis (EG) is caused by invasion of the gastric wall by gas-producing organisms and carries mortality rate up to 60%. Our investigation aimed to determine the predictors of survival and the secular trends in survival rates of subjects with EG. METHODS: PubMed search was completed to identify previous cases of EG. In addition, we included a recent case from our center. Statistical analysis was completed with two-sided Chi(2) tests for categorical data and t-tests for continuous variables using SPSS v...
June 20, 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320221/the-role-of-routine-preoperative-upper-endoscopy-in-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Sean Bennett, Mišo Gostimir, Risa Shorr, Ranjeeta Mallick, Joseph Mamazza, Amy Neville
BACKGROUND: The necessity of routine preoperative esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) before bariatric surgery is controversial. European guidelines recommend routine EGD while North American guidelines recommend a selective approach. OBJECTIVE: Perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the proportion and scope of clinical findings discovered at preoperative EGD. SETTING: Academic hospital, Canada. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases included MeSH terms "bariatric surgery," "endoscopy," and "preoperative...
June 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259702/intestinal-type-gastric-adenocarcinoma-without-helicobacter-pylori-infection-successfully-treated-with-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#17
Satoshi Kotani, Youichi Miyaoka, Aya Fujiwara, Kousuke Tsukano, Sayaka Ogawa, Satoshi Yamanouchi, Ryusaku Kusunoki, Hirofumi Fujishiro, Naruaki Kohge, Hideyuki Ohnuma, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for further examination and for treatment of gastric neoplasia located on the posterior wall of the antrum of the stomach, as revealed by screening esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The patient had no history of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication. Her serum H. pylori antibody and urea breath test results were negative, histopathological findings revealed no H. pylori bacteria, and endoscopic findings revealed no chronic gastritis. We performed endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)...
August 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250051/a-possible-case-of-hepatitis-due-to-hypereosinophilic-syndrome
#18
Tomoe Kawamura, Atsushi Hiraoka, Akiko Toshimori, Hidetaro Ueki, Miho Kaneto, Toshihiko Aibiki, Tomonari Okudaira, Hiroka Yamago, Hiromasa Nakahara, Hideomi Tomida, Yoshifumi Suga, Nobuaki Azemoto, Kenichiro Mori, Hideki Miyata, Tomoyuki Ninomiya, Masashi Hirooka, Masanori Abe, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoichi Hiasa, Katsumi Kito, Kojiro Michitaka
A 63-year-old Japanese man whose white blood cell count and total-bilirubin and aminotransferase levels were elevated was referred to our hospital. Computed tomography did not reveal any abnormalities, and there was no evidence of gastritis or colitis on esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Although the patient had no history of drug use or allergies, a high concentration of eosinophils (80%) was noted. A liver biopsy revealed hepatitis with eosinophilic infiltration. The patient's alanine aminotransferase and eosinophil levels improved with the administration of steroids...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198238/preoperative-endoscopy-prior-to-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#19
Manish Parikh, Jennifer Liu, Dorice Vieira, Demetrios Tzimas, Daniel Horwitz, Andrew Antony, John K Saunders, Akuezunkpa Ude-Welcome, Adam Goodman
BACKGROUND: There is debate regarding preoperative endoscopy (EGD) in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Some centers perform EGD routinely in all patients; others perform EGD selectively. The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the existing literature to estimate how frequently preoperative EGD changes management. METHODS: Our review yielded 28 studies encompassing 6616 patients. Baseline characteristics including age and body mass index (BMI) were included...
May 20, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182167/correlation-between-helicobacter-pylori-associated-gastric-diseases-and-colorectal-neoplasia
#20
Ying Qing, Min Wang, Ying-Min Lin, Dong Wu, Jing-Yu Zhu, Lang Gao, Yan-Yan Liu, Teng-Fei Yin
AIM: To explore the correlation between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-associated gastric diseases and colorectal neoplasia. METHODS: Patients included in this study underwent a colonoscopy and esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD) along with histopathological measurement between March 2012 and March 2015 at Qi-Lu Hospital of Shandong University, who also had results of H. pylori detection. A total of 233 cases were selected. Demographic data, H. pylori infection status (including results of rapid urease tests and gastric mucosa pathological examinations) and histopathological examination results of gastric and colorectal mucosa were gathered and analyzed...
May 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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