keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

FoxM1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050219/preclinical-characterization-of-abemaciclib-in-hormone-receptor-positive-breast-cancer
#1
Raquel Torres-Guzmán, Bruna Calsina, Ana Hermoso, Carmen Baquero, Beatriz Alvarez, Joaquín Amat, Ann M McNulty, Xueqian Gong, Karsten Boehnke, Jian Du, Alfonso de Dios, Richard P Beckmann, Sean Buchanan, María José Lallena
Abemaciclib is an ATP-competitive, reversible kinase inhibitor selective for CDK4 and CDK6 that has shown antitumor activity as a single agent in hormone receptor positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer in clinical trials. Here, we examined the mechanistic effects of abemaciclib treatment using in vitro and in vivo breast cancer models. Treatment of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer cells with abemaciclib alone led to a decrease in phosphorylation of Rb, arrest at G1, and a decrease in cell proliferation...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039578/the-foxm1-bub1b-signaling-pathway-is-essential-for-the-tumorigenicity-and-radioresistance-of-glioblastoma
#2
Qing Ma, Yanmei Liu, Liang Shang, Jiao Yu, Qiumin Qu
Accumulating evidence indicates that mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine kinase B (BUB1B) plays a critical role in multiple types of cancer. However, the biological function and molecular regulatory mechanism of BUB1B in glioblastoma (GBM) remain unclear. In the present study, we identified that BUB1B expression was enriched in GBM tumors and was functionally required for tumor proliferation both in vitro and in vivo. Clinically, BUB1B expression was associated with poor prognosis in GBM patients and BUB1B‑dependent radioresistance in GBM was decreased by targeting BUB1B via shRNAs...
October 12, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017864/clinicopathological-and-prognostic-significance-of-foxm1-in-gastric-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Dongdong Jiang, Lu Jiang, Baiying Liu, He Huang, Wenbin Li, Taotao Zhang, Guo Zu, Xiangwen Zhang
BACKGROUND: The relationship between expression of FoxM1 and clinical parameters of patients with gastric cancer (GC) has yet to be fully established. METHODS: A systematic search was performed. Odds ratio (OR) and confidence interval (CI) were used to assess association between expression of FoxM1 and clinical parameters and the prognostic value of patients with GC. RESULTS: Eight studies involving 529 patients with GC were identified. Overall, the pooled results showed that expression of FoxM1 was associated with TNM stage (OR: 0...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978307/mir-216b-inhibits-cell-proliferation-by-targeting-foxm1-in-cervical-cancer-cells-and-is-associated-with-better-prognosis
#4
Shanyang He, Bing Liao, Yalan Deng, Chang Su, Jiuling Tuo, Jun Liu, Shuzhong Yao, Lin Xu
BACKGROUND: Our previous study showed FOXM1 expression was significantly up-regulated in cervical cancer, and was associated with poor prognosis. To clarify miRNAs-FOXM1 modulation pathways, in this study, we investigated the relationships between miR-216b and FOXM1 and the role of miR-216b in cell proliferation and prognosis of cervical cancer patients. METHODS: Western blotting and qPCR were used to determine expression of FOXM1, cell cycle related factors and miR-216b level...
October 4, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978107/foxm1-facilitates-gastric-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-inducing-cathepsin-d
#5
Li Yang, Ming Cui, Liang Zhang, Lei Song
Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) has been reported as a vital transcription factor in different human malignancies. To date, the mechanisms of FOXM1 in modulating the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer cells have not been elucidated. In the present study, we found that overexpression of FOXM1 prompted cell migration and invasion of gastric cancer, and increased the expression of Cathepsin D (Cath-D). However, FOXM1 siRNA repressed cell migration and invasion, and also decreased the expression of Cath-D in gastric cancer cells...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977880/knockdown-of-malat1-expression-inhibits-huvec-proliferation-by-upregulation-of-mir-320a-and-downregulation-of-foxm1-expression
#6
Jian-Yong Sun, Zheng-Wei Zhao, Wei-Miao Li, Guang Yang, Peng-Yu Jing, Pei Li, Hai-Zhou Dang, Zhao Chen, Yong-An Zhou, Xiao-Fei Li
Regulation of cancer angiogenesis could be a useful strategy in cancer therapy. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), and can induce cancer cell proliferation, while lncRNAs, generally are able to act as microRNA (miRNA) sponges. The latter is a type of competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) that regulates expression of the targeting miRNAs and protein-coding genes. This study investigated the proliferative role of MALAT1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the underlying molecular events...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972303/kinome-wide-transcriptional-profiling-of-uveal-melanoma-reveals-new-vulnerabilities-to-targeted-therapeutics
#7
Fiona P Bailey, Kim Clarke, Helen Kalirai, Jenna Kenyani, Haleh Shahidipour, Francesco Falciani, Judy M Coulson, Joseph J Sacco, Sarah E Coupland, Patrick A Eyers
Metastatic uveal melanoma (UM) is invariably fatal, usually within a year of diagnosis. There are currently no effective therapies, and clinical studies employing kinase inhibitors have so far demonstrated limited success. This is despite common activating mutations in GNAQ/11 genes, which trigger signalling pathways that might predispose tumours to a variety of targeted drugs. In this study, we have profiled kinome expression network dynamics in various human ocular melanomas. We uncovered a shared transcriptional profile in human primary UM samples and across a variety of experimental cell-based models...
October 3, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927151/microrna-320-suppresses-cervical-cancer-cell-viability-migration-and-invasion-via-directly-targeting-foxm1
#8
Can Shi, Zhenyu Zhang
Cervical cancer is one of the most common types of gynecological cancer worldwide. MicroRNA-320 (miR-320) has been reported to be downregulated in a number of types of human cancer. However, the expression level and functions of miR-320 in cervical cancer remain unknown. In the present study, miR-320 was identified to be markedly downregulated in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. For the functional studies, miR-320 mimic or miR-320 inhibitor was introduced into cervical cancer cell lines. The effects of miR-320 on cervical cancer cell viability, migration and invasion were evaluated using MTT, migration and invasion assays, respectively...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923544/modulation-of-oncogenic-transcription-factors-by-bioactive-natural-products-in-breast-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Mohadeseh Hasanpourghadi, Ashok Kumar Pandurangan, Mohd Rais Mustafa
Carcinogenesis, a multi-step phenomenon, characterized by alterations at genetic level and affecting the main intracellular pathways controlling cell growth and development. There are growing number of evidences linking oncogenes to the induction of malignancies, especially breast cancer. Modulations of oncogenes lead to gain-of-function signals in the cells and contribute to the tumorigenic phenotype. These signals yield a large number of proteins that cause cell growth and inhibit apoptosis. Transcription factors such as STAT, p53, NF-κB, c-JUN and FOXM1, are proteins that are conserved among species, accumulate in the nucleus, bind to DNA and regulate the specific genes targets...
September 18, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920919/age-dependent-human-%C3%AE-cell-proliferation-induced-by-glucagon-like-peptide-1-and-calcineurin-signaling
#10
Chunhua Dai, Yan Hang, Alena Shostak, Greg Poffenberger, Nathaniel Hart, Nripesh Prasad, Neil Phillips, Shawn E Levy, Dale L Greiner, Leonard D Shultz, Rita Bottino, Seung K Kim, Alvin C Powers
Inadequate pancreatic β cell function underlies type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Strategies to expand functional cells have focused on discovering and controlling mechanisms that limit the proliferation of human β cells. Here, we developed an engraftment strategy to examine age-associated human islet cell replication competence and reveal mechanisms underlying age-dependent decline of β cell proliferation in human islets. We found that exendin-4 (Ex-4), an agonist of the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R), stimulates human β cell proliferation in juvenile but not adult islets...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915556/critical-roles-of-smyd2-mediated-%C3%AE-catenin-methylation-for-nuclear-translocation-and-activation-of-wnt-signaling
#11
Xiaolan Deng, Ryuji Hamamoto, Theodore Vougiouklakis, Rui Wang, Yuichiro Yoshioka, Takehiro Suzuki, Naoshi Dohmae, Yo Matsuo, Jae-Hyun Park, Yusuke Nakamura
Accumulation of β-catenin in the nucleus is a hallmark of activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which drives development of a large proportion of human cancers. However, the mechanism of β-catenin nuclear translocation has not been well investigated. Here we report biological significance of SMYD2-mediated lysine 133 (K133) methylation of β-catenin on its nuclear translocation. Knockdown of SMYD2 attenuates the nuclear localization of β-catenin protein in human cancer cells. Consequently, transcriptional levels of well-known Wnt-signaling molecules, cMYC and CCND1, are significantly reduced...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910819/mechanisms-of-targeting-the-mdm2-p53-foxm1-axis-in-well-differentiated-intestinal-neuroendocrine-tumors
#12
Irina Grass, Franziska Briest, Dagmar Sedding, Markus Möbs, Friederike Christen, Joana Benecke, Karolin Fuchs, Daniel Kaemmerer, Stefanie Mende, Jörg Sänger, Almut Kunze, Christina Geisler, Helma Freitag, Florentine Lewens, Lina Worpenberg, Sara Iwaszkiewicz, Britta Siegmund, Wolfgang Walther, Michael Hummel, Patricia Grabowski
<br>Background/Aims: The tumor suppressor p53 is rarely mutated in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NEN) but they frequently show a strong expression of p53 negative regulators, rendering these tumors excellent targets for a p53 recovery therapy. Therefore, we analyzed the mechanisms of a p53 recovery therapy on intestinal neuroendocrine tumors in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: By western blot and immunohistochemistry, we found that in GEP-NEN biopsy material overexpression of MDM2 was present in intestinal NEN...
September 14, 2017: Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903501/sex-differential-responses-of-tumor-promotion-associated-genes-and-dysregulation-of-novel-long-noncoding-rnas-in-constitutive-androstane-receptor-activated-mouse-liver
#13
Nicholas J Lodato, Tisha Melia, Andy Rampersaud, David J Waxman
Xenobiotic agonists of constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) induce many hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes, but following prolonged exposure, promote hepatocellular carcinoma, most notably in male mouse liver. Here, we used nuclear RNA-seq to characterize global changes in the mouse liver transcriptome following exposure to the CAR-specific agonist ligand 1,4-bis-[2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy)]benzene (TCPOBOP), including changes in novel long noncoding RNAs that may contribute to xenobiotic-induced pathophysiology...
September 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902136/dual-strands-of-pre-mir-149-inhibit-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion-through-targeting-foxm1-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#14
Atsushi Okato, Takayuki Arai, Yasutaka Yamada, Sho Sugawara, Keiichi Koshizuka, Lisa Fujimura, Akira Kurozumi, Mayuko Kato, Satoko Kojima, Yukio Naya, Tomohiko Ichikawa, Naohiko Seki
Our recent studies revealed that dual strands of certain pre-microRNAs, e.g., pre-miR-144, pre-miR-145, and pre-miR-150, act as antitumor microRNAs (miRNAs) in several cancers. The involvement of passenger strands of miRNAs in cancer pathogenesis is a novel concept in miRNA research. The analysis of a miRNA expression signature in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has revealed that the guide strand of pre-miR-149 is significantly downregulated in cancer tissues. The aims of this study were to investigate the functional significance of miR-149's guide strand (miR-149-5p) and passenger strand (miR-149-3p), and to identify the oncogenic genes regulated by these miRNAs in ccRCC cells...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899970/targeting-prostate-cancer-subtype-1-by-forkhead-box-m1-pathway-inhibition
#15
Kirsi Ketola, Ravi Sn Munuganti, Alastair Davies, Ka Mun Nip, Jennifer L Bishop, Amina Zoubeidi
PURPOSE: Prostate cancer was recently classified to three clinically relevant subtypes (PCS) demarcated by unique pathway activation and clinical aggressiveness. In this preclinical study, we investigated molecular targets and therapeutics for PCS1, the most aggressive and lethal subtype with no treatment options available in the clinic. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We utilized the PCS1 gene set and our model of enzalutamide (ENZR) castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) to identify targetable pathways and inhibitors for PCS1...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886314/alterations-on-high-hbf-levels-may-be-associated-with-klf1-gene-mutations
#16
M Aydin, E Rencuzogullari, S Bayram, Y Sevgiler, A Genc
The KLF1 gene synthesizes a transcription factor in the zinc finger structure that regulates the transcription of β-, γ-globin, and Foxm1 genes. This factor plays an important role in the erythropoiesis mechanism by modifying the chromatin structure and is involved in the regulation of transcription in the opening of the β-globin gene. β-globin gene expression could be disrupted by a mutation, which may be a possible cause of a disruption in regulation of the promotor of the β-globin gene where the KLF1 transcription factor binds...
August 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862757/ctcf-foxm1-axis-regulates-tumor-growth-and-metastasis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Bin Zhang, Yajing Zhang, Xiaoping Zou, Anthony W H Chan, Rui Zhang, Terence Kin-Wah Lee, Hang Liu, Eunice Yuen-Ting Lau, Nicole Pui-Yu Ho, Paul B S Lai, Yue-Sun Cheung, Ka-Fai To, Hoi Kin Wong, Kwong Wai Choy, Vincent W Keng, Larry M C Chow, Kenrick K Y Chan, Alfred S Cheng, Ben C B Ko
CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) is a DNA-binding protein that interacts with a large number of highly divergent target sequences throughout the genome. It is implicated in a variety of functions, including chromatin organization and transcriptional control. The functional role of CTCF in tumor pathogenesis remains elusive. We showed that CTCF is frequently upregulated in a subset of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) compared with non-tumoral liver. Overexpression of CTCF was associated with shorter disease-free survival of patients...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861147/mir-214-inhibits-cell-migration-invasion-and-promotes-the-drug-sensitivity-in-human-cervical-cancer-by-targeting-foxm1
#18
Jian-Mei Wang, Bao-Hui Ju, Cai-Jun Pan, Yan Gu, Meng-Qi Li, Li Sun, Yan-Ying Xu, Li-Rong Yin
OBJECT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in progression of cervical cancer. In the present study, we investigated the role of miR-214 in the process of migration, invasion and drug sensitivity to cisplatin in cervical cancer. METHODS: We detected the differential expression of miR-214 in 19 cases cervical cancer tissues and normal tissues as well as 4 cervical cancer cells and one normal cervical cells by Real-time PCR. Then, wound healing assay, transwell invasion assay and MTT were used to detect the effects of migration, invasion and sensitivity to cisplatin of cervical cancer when miR-214 was overexpressed...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855104/foxm1-repurposing-an-oncogene-as-a-biomarker
#19
REVIEW
Deeptashree Nandi, Pradeep Singh Cheema, Neha Jaiswal, Alo Nag
The past few decades have witnessed a tremendous progress in understanding the biology of cancer, which has led to more comprehensive approaches for global gene expression profiling and genome-wide analysis. This has helped to determine more sophisticated prognostic and predictive signature markers for the prompt diagnosis and precise screening of cancer patients. In the search for novel biomarkers, there has been increased interest in FoxM1, an extensively studied transcription factor that encompasses most of the hallmarks of malignancy...
August 27, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853983/identification-of-wee1-as-a-target-to-make-akt-inhibition-more-effective-in-melanoma
#20
Omer F Kuzu, Raghavendra Gowda, Arati Sharma, Mohammad A Noory, Gregory Kardos, SubbaRao V Madhunapantula, Joseph J Drabick, Gavin P Robertson
AKT3 is one of the major therapeutic targets in melanoma but clinically targeting AKT3 alone seems to be an ineffective therapeutic approach. To identify unique strategies to enhance the efficacy of targeting AKT3, a screen was undertaken where AKT3 was co-targeted with a panel of kinases important in melanoma development. The screen identified WEE1 as the most potent target that when inhibited along with AKT3 would enhance the efficacy of targeting AKT3 in melanoma. RNAi mediated inhibition of AKT3 and WEE1 synergistically inhibited the viability of melanoma cells leading to a 65-75% decrease in tumor development...
August 30, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
keyword
keyword
72306
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"