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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734241/entrapment-perceived-burdensomeness-and-thwarted-belongingness-as-predictors-of-suicide-ideation
#1
Thomas Forkmann, Tobias Teismann
The Integrated Motivational-Volitional (IMV) Model of suicide posits that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness moderate the association between perceptions of entrapment and suicide ideation. However, the proposed moderation is yet to be tested. Possible moderator effects were investigated in an online sample (N = 480; 74% female; Mage = 28.5, SDage = 11.1). Entrapment and perceived burdensomeness predicted suicide ideation. However, neither perceived burdensomeness nor thwarted belongingness moderated the association between entrapment and suicide ideation...
July 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734170/web-based-physical-activity-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Leila Jahangiry, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Fatemeh Rezaei, T Pashaei
OBJECTIVES: It was estimated that approximately 60% of the world's population is classified as inactive or insufficiently active. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of web-based interventions on different types of physical activity (PA) measurements in general population and potential moderating variables. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed, CINAHL, EBSCOhost, PsycINFO, Scopus, Ovid, and ScienceDirect literature searches were conducted to identify studies investigating the effect of web-based interventions on PA...
July 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734167/mindfulness-practice-moderates-the-relationship-between-craving-and-substance-use-in-a-clinical-sample
#3
Matthew C Enkema, Sarah Bowen
Relapse following treatment for substance use disorders is highly prevalent, and craving has been shown to be a primary predictor of relapse. Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is a psychosocial aftercare program integrating mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral approaches, aimed at reducing the risk and severity of relapse. Results from a recent randomized clinical trial demonstrate enhanced remission resilience for MBRP participants versus both cognitive-behavioral and treatment-as-usual controls...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734146/diagnostic-value-of-whole-body-diffusion-weighted-mri-compared-to-computed-tomography-for-pre-operative-assessment-of-patients-suspected-for-ovarian-cancer
#4
Katrijn Michielsen, Raphaëla Dresen, Ragna Vanslembrouck, Frederik De Keyzer, Frédéric Amant, Elvier Mussen, Karin Leunen, Patrick Berteloot, Philippe Moerman, Ignace Vergote, Vincent Vandecaveye
BACKGROUND: Despite excellent per-lesion performance for peritoneal staging, the additional clinical value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI/MRI) compared to computed tomography (CT) remains to be established in ovarian cancer. Our purpose was to evaluate whole body (WB)-DWI/MRI for diagnosis, staging and operability assessment of patients suspected for ovarian cancer compared to CT. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-one patients suspected for ovarian carcinoma underwent 3 T WB-DWI/MRI and contrast-enhanced CT...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734141/new-dinuclear-palladium-ii-complexes-studies-of-the-nucleophilic-substitution-reactions-dna-bsa-interactions-and-cytotoxic-activity
#5
Dušan Ćoćić, Snežana Jovanović, Marija Nišavić, Dejan Baskić, Danijela Todorović, Suzana Popović, Živadin D Bugarčić, Biljana Petrović
Six new dinuclear Pd(II) complexes, [{Pd(2,2'-bipy)Cl}2(μ-pz)](ClO4)2 (Pd1), [{Pd(dach)Cl}2(μ-pz)](ClO4)2 (Pd2), [{Pd(en)Cl}2(μ-pz)](ClO4)2 (Pd3), [{Pd(2,2'-bipy)Cl}2(μ-4,4'-bipy)](ClO4)2 (Pd4), [{Pd(dach)Cl}2(μ-4,4'-bipy)](ClO4)2 (Pd5) and [{Pd(en)Cl}2(μ-4,4'-bipy)](ClO4)2 (Pd6) (where 2,2'-bipy=2,2'-bipyridyl, pz=pyrazine, dach=trans-(±)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane, en=ethylenediamine, 4,4'-bipy=4,4'-bipyridyl) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental microanalysis, IR, (1)H NMR and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734125/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cold-in-situ-perfusion-and-preservation-of-the-hepatic-allograft-working-towards-a-unified-approach
#6
REVIEW
Ahmer M Hameed, Jerome M Laurence, Vincent W T Lam, Henry C Pleass, Wayne J Hawthorne
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of cold in situ perfusion and static storage of the liver is one possible determinant of transplantation outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is evidence to substantiate a preference for a particular perfusion route (aortic or dual) or perfusion/preservation solution in donation after brain-death (DBD) liver transplantation. METHODS: The Embase, Medline and Cochrane databases were utilized (1980-2017). Random effects modeling was used to estimate effects on transplantation outcomes based upon (i) aortic or dual in situ perfusion, and (ii) the use of University of Wisconsin (UW), histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), Celsior and/or Institut Georges Lopez-1 (IGL-1) for perfusion/preservation...
July 22, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#7
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. OBJECTIVE: We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732433/the-effect-of-salt-space-on-clinical-findings-and-peak-expiratory-flow-in-children-with-mild-to-moderate-asthma-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#8
Saeideh Mazloomzadeh, Niousha Bakhshi, Akefeh Ahmadiafshar, Mehdi Gholami
The asthma treatment and control might be associated with significant burden on family and community' thus exploring other therapeutic plans could be desirable. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of salt space on clinical findings and peak expiratory flow rate among children with asthma. In this randomized crossover trial, 34 patients aged 6-14 years old with mild to moderate asthma were selected and randomly divided into two groups. The first group went through a period of salt therapy by staying in the salt room for one hour, three times a week for 3 consecutive weeks and then was under observation for three weeks...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732252/update-on-medical-treatment-of-uterine-fibroids
#9
REVIEW
Fátima Faustino, Margarida Martinho, José Reis, Fernanda Águas
OBJECTIVES: In this review paper, the pros and cons of the available pharmacological options for the treatment of uterine fibroids are explored, including oral progestogens, levonorgestrel intra-uterine device, gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs and progesterone receptor modulators with an emphasis on ulipristal acetate. STUDY DESIGN: The choice of the appropriate therapeutic approach for uterine fibroids depends on several factors, including women's age, parity, childbearing aspirations and wish to preserve fertility, extent and severity of symptoms, size, number and location of myomas, risk of malignancy and proximity to menopause...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732242/the-depression-and-marital-status-relationship-is-modified-by-both-age-and-gender
#10
Andrew G M Bulloch, Jeanne V A Williams, Dina H Lavorato, Scott B Patten
BACKGROUND: Marital status is associated with major depression prevalence, however, the strength of association may be modified by age and gender. METHODS: The data sources were a series of cross sectional national health surveys of the Canadian population carried out by Statistics Canada during 1996-2013. These were cross-sectional files from the National Population Health Survey of 1996, together with the Canadian Community Health Surveys from 2000 to 2013; the respondents were 18 years and older...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731983/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effort-reward-imbalance-model-of-workplace-stress-and-hpa-axis-measures-of-stress
#11
Pennie Eddy, Eleanor H Wertheim, Matthew W Hale, Bradley J Wright
OBJECTIVE: The association between effort reward imbalance (ERI) and various health outcomes has been well-documented over the past 20 years, but the mechanisms responsible for this association remain unclear. The present meta-analysis assessed the associations of ERI and over-commitment (OC) in the workplace with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis measures. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched with the phrase 'effort*reward*imbalance' which yielded 319 studies leading to 56 full text studies being screened...
July 20, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731957/longitudinal-postoperative-course-of-pain-and-dysfunction-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Katherine Hadlandsmyth, M Bridget Zimmerman, Roohina Wajid, Kathleen A Sluka, Keela Herr, Charles R Clark, Nicolas O Noiseux, John J Callaghan, Barbara A Rakel
OBJECTIVES: While the majority of patients undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty report substantial improvement in pain and function, a significant subset experience persistent post-surgical pain and dysfunction. Better understanding of the longitudinal postoperative course is needed, including the association between patient status following physical rehabilitation at 6 weeks post-TKA, to six month outcomes. This study aims to described the postoperative course of TKA and examine variables associated with change in pain and functioning between 6 weeks and 6 months post-TKA...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731922/a-novel-g-55040074delt-in-alas2-gene-resulting-in-a-monomeric-protein-and-severe-sideroblastic-anemia-phenotype
#13
Prateek Bhatia, Aditya Singh, Avani Hedge
Sideroblastic anemias are a rare group of disorders resulting from defective iron incorporation during heme synthesis and hence characterized by anemia and presence of ringed sideroblasts in bone marrow. The most common form is an X-linked disorder caused by mutations in ALAS2 gene. In the current paper, a case of X-linked sideroblastic anemia caused by a novel homozygous deletional mutation in exon 10 of ALAS2 gene is presented. The female infant developed moderately severe anemia at 6 months of age, which did not improve despite adequate nutritional support...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731911/expert-and-self-assessment-of-lifetime-symptoms-and-diagnosis-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-large-scale-genetic-studies-in-the-general-population-comparison-of-a-clinical-interview-and-a-self-administered-checklist
#14
Jessica Martin, Fabian Streit, Jens Treutlein, Maren Lang, Josef Frank, Andreas J Forstner, Franziska Degenhardt, Stephanie H Witt, Thomas G Schulze, Sven Cichon, Markus M Nöthen, Marcella Rietschel, Jana Strohmaier
Major depression disorder (MDD) is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder and an increasing number of genetic risk variants are being identified. Investigation of their influence in the general population requires accurate and efficient assessment of depressive symptoms. Here, clinical interviews conducted by clinicians are the gold standard. We investigated whether valid and reliable clinical phenotypes can be obtained efficiently using self-administered instruments. Lifetime depressive symptoms and lifetime MDD diagnosis were assessed in 464 population-based individuals using a clinical interview and a structured, self-administered checklist...
July 20, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731873/health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adult-men-with-severe-hemophilia
#15
Mohammad Faranoush, Ehsan Shahverdi, Raheb Qorbani, Mostafa Moghaddam
: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment should be part of the regular clinical assessment of persons with hemophilia. This study assessed quality of life of severe hemophilia patients (Type A) in Tehran comprehensive hemophilia care center. This cross-sectional study was done in 2016 and 84 men aged over 20 years with severe hemophilia (Type A) were assessed. All patients have been treated over 10 years at the comprehensive hemophilia care center, Iran. The HRQOL assessment includes the A36 Hemophilia-QOL questionnaire, sociodemographical and clinical characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731871/online-family-problem-solving-for-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-influences-of-parental-marital-status-and-participation-on-adolescent-outcomes
#16
Stacey P Raj, Nanhua Zhang, Michael W Kirkwood, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Tanya M Brown, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To examine the moderating effects of parent marital status and participation on efficacy of an online family problem-solving intervention for pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Participants were 132 adolescents (12-17 years) who had sustained a recent (<6 months) TBI and their parents. Participants were randomly assigned to the intervention (Counselor-Assisted Problem Solving, CAPS) or an Internet resource comparison (IRC) condition. CAPS was designed to support families in the initial phase following TBI, by teaching problem-solving skills and addressing common challenges...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731870/the-association-of-cognitive-reserve-in-chronic-phase-functional-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Jacob B Leary, Grace Y Kim, Catherine L Bradley, Uzma Z Hussain, Maryanne Sacco, Martha Bernad, John Collins, John Dsurney, Leighton Chan
OBJECTIVE: Examine the association of cognitive reserve (CR) factors (estimated premorbid intelligence quotient [IQ], years of education, and occupational attainment) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity with functional and neuropsychological outcomes 1 to 5 years following TBI. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with mild (N = 58), moderate (N = 25), or severe (N = 17) TBI. MAIN MEASURES: Cognitive reserve factors (estimated premorbid IQ, years of education, and occupational attainment); neuropsychological test battery; Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended; Short Form-36 Health Survey...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731611/energy-drink-consumption-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-quality-among-college-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Mo'ez Al-Islam E Faris, Haitham Jahrami, Marwa M Al-Hilali, Noor J Chehyber, Sara O Ali, Sara D Shahda, Reyad S Obaid
AIM: Intake of caffeinated energy drinks has significantly increased, specifically among young adults and adolescents. College students are prone to developing unhealthy eating habits and dependence on stimulants, which puts them at a greater risk of sleep problems. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of caffeinated energy drink consumption and its association with sleep quality in college students. METHODS: A sample of 919 randomly selected adults (237 males and 682 females) from various colleges at the University of Sharjah/United Arab Emirates participated in this cross-sectional study...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731610/relative-validity-of-a-2-day-24-hour-dietary-recall-compared-with-a-2-day-weighed-dietary-record-among-adults-in-south-china
#19
Hongmei Xue, Mingzhe Yang, Yan Liu, Ruonan Duan, Guo Cheng, Xiao Zhang
AIM: To determine the relative validity of a 2-day 24-hour dietary recall (HR) designed to assess energy and nutrient intake among Chinese adults compared with a 2-day weighed dietary record (WD). METHODS: Data were obtained from an ongoing population-based, prospective cohort study of adults aged 18-65 years in South China. A total of 41 adults completing a HR and a WD within 14 days were included in the present analysis. Estimations of individual mean differences, Spearman's correlation coefficients, cross-classifications and Bland-Altman plots were used to assess the agreement between the intakes of energy and 18 nutrients obtained from the HR and the WD...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731598/comparison-of-malnutrition-inflammation-score-anthropometry-and-biochemical-parameters-in-assessing-the-difference-in-protein-energy-wasting-between-normal-weight-and-obese-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis
#20
Elham Alipoor, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh, Mehdi Yaseri, Narges S Zahed
AIM: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is prevalent in haemodialysis. Obesity is an independent risk factor of kidney insufficiency, but it is proposed to have beneficial roles in better outcomes in the final stage of disease. Better nutritional status and body reserves are among probable mechanisms, but direct examinations are limited. The present study aimed to investigate whether obese patients have preferable nutritional status compared to normal weight patients based on malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) and other PEW parameters in haemodialysis...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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