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Muscle recovery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329201/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-lobectomy-does-not-offer-any-functional-recovery-advantage-in-comparison-to-the-open-approach-3-months-after-the-operation-a-case-matched-analysis%C3%A2
#1
Michele Salati, Alessandro Brunelli, Francesco Xiumè, Marco Monteverde, Armando Sabbatini, Michela Tiberi, Cecilia Pompili, Roberto Palloni, Majed Refai
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to compare functional loss [forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity ratio (FEV1), DLCO and VO2max reduction] after VATS versus open lobectomies. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study on 195 patients who had a pulmonary lobectomy from June 2010 to November 2014 and who were able to complete a 3-months functional evaluation follow-up program. Since the VATS technique was our first choice for performing lobectomies from January 2012, we divided the patients into two groups: the OPEN group (112 patients) and the VATS group (83 patients)...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327054/effects-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-upper-extremity-motor-recovery-in-the-early-period-after-stroke-a-preliminary-study
#2
Aliye Tosun, Sabiha Türe, Ayhan Askin, Engin Ugur Yardimci, Secil Umit Demirdal, Tülay Kurt Incesu, Ozgur Tosun, Hikmet Kocyigit, Galip Akhan, Fazıl Mustafa Gelal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on upper extremity motor function in patients with acute/subacute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Twenty-five ischemic acute/subacute stroke subjects were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. Experimental group 1 received low frequency (LF) rTMS to the primary motor cortex of the unaffected side + physical therapy (PT) including activities to improve strength, flexibility, transfers, posture, balance, coordination, and activities of daily living, mainly focusing on upper limb movements; experimental group 2 received the same protocol combined with NMES to hand extensor muscles; and the control group received only PT...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326543/animal-models-for-studying-motor-axon-terminal-paralysis-and-recovery
#3
REVIEW
Michela Rigoni, Cesare Montecucco
An extraordinary property of the peripheral nervous system is that nerve terminals can regenerate after damage caused by different physical, chemical, or biological pathogens. Regeneration is the result of a complex and ill-known interplay among the nerve, the glia, the muscle, the basal lamina and, in some cases, the immune system. This phenomenon has been studied using different injury models mainly in rodents, particularly in mice, where a lesion can be produced in a chosen anatomical area. These approaches differ significantly among them for the nature of the lesion and the final outcomes...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325700/the-relationship-between-preoperative-needle-electromyography-findings-and-muscle-power-restoration-after-surgery-in-severe-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-patients
#4
Yuki Hara, Yasumasa Nishiura, Naoyuki Ochiai, Shinji Murai, Masashi Yamazaki
PURPOSE: Needle electromyography provides essential information about the functional aspects of the muscle. But little attention has been given in the literature to needle electromyography examinations in carpal tunnel syndrome. We examined the relationship between preoperative needle electromyography findings and functional recovery of the abductor pollicis brevis (APB) muscle in severe carpal tunnel syndrome patients. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 49 patients, 58 hands, who fit the following 5 criteria: (1) idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome; (2) pre-op MMT grade of the APB muscle was M0 or M1; (3) APB-CMAP (compound muscle action potential) was not evoked in a median nerve conduction study; (4) needle electromyography of the APB muscle had been done; (5) underwent carpal tunnel release only...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325097/regaining-water-swallowing-function-in-the-rehabilitation-of-critically-ill-patients-with-intensive-care-unit-acquired-muscle-weakness
#5
Simone Thomas, Wolfgang Sauter, Ulrike Starrost, Marcus Pohl, Jan Mehrholz
PURPOSE: Treatment in intensive care units (ICUs) often results in swallowing dysfunction. Recent longitudinal studies have described the recovery of critically ill people, but we are not aware of studies of the recovery of swallowing function in patients with ICU-acquired muscle weakness. This paper aims to describe the time course of regaining water swallowing function in patients with ICU-acquired weakness in the post-acute phase and to describe the risks of regaining water swallowing function and the risk factors involved...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324999/surface-electromyography-based-muscle-fatigue-analysis-for-stroke-patients-at-different-brunnstrom-stages
#6
Yinjun Tu, Zhe Zhang, Xudong Gu, Qiang Fang
Muscle fatigue analysis has been an important topic in sport and rehabilitation medicine due to its role in muscle performance evaluation and pathology investigation. This paper proposes a surface electromyography (sEMG) based muscle fatigue analysis approach which was specifically designed for stroke rehabilitation applications. 14 stroke patients from 5 different Brunnstrom recovery stage groups were involved in the experiment and features including median frequency and mean power frequency were extracted from the collected sEMG samples for investigation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324618/thermogelling-chitosan-lactate-hydrogel-improves-functional-recovery-after-a-c2-spinal-cord-hemisection-in-rat
#7
Katarzyna Nawrotek, Tanguy Marqueste, Zofia Modrzejewska, Roman Zarzycki, Agnieszka Rusak, Patrick Decherchi
The present study was designed to provide an appropriate micro-environment for regenerating axotomized neurons and proliferating/migrating cells. Because of its intrinsic permissive properties, biocompatibility and biodegradability, we chose to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of a chitosan-based biopolymer. The biomaterial toxicity was measured through in vitro test based on fibroblast cell survival on thermogelling chitosan lactate hydrogel substrate and then polymer was implanted into a C2 hemisection of the rat spinal cord...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321307/a-cola-induced-hypokalemic-rhabdomyolysis-with-electromyographic-evaluation-a-case-report
#8
Davide Ferrazzoli, Annarita Sabetta, Grazia Palamara, Luca Caremani, Marina Capobianco, Pietro Balbi, Giuseppe Frazzitta
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of hypokalemic rhabdomyolysis induced by the heavy and prolonged ingestion of cola-based beverages, and its uneventful recovery after kalemia normalization. METHODS: We report a 38-year-old Caucasian male presented in our emergency room with a recent and progressive weakness of the lower limbs proximal muscles. RESULTS: A dietary history revealed a prolonged ingestion of cola-based beverages. Blood tests showed severe hypokalemia and marked increase in serum creatine phosphokinase...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320172/neuropathological-findings-from-an-autopsied-case-showing-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-like-neuroradiological-findings-associated-with-premedication-including-tacrolimus-for-autologous-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-transplantation
#9
Yuichi Hayashi, Akio Kimura, Hiroshi Nakamura, Maya Mimuro, Yasushi Iwasaki, Akira Hara, Mari Yoshida, Takashi Inuzuka
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is diagnosed based on neuroradiological findings. Typically, PRES is reversible and presents with a good outcome; however, fatal outcomes have been reported. We report an autopsied case showing PRES-like neuroradiological findings associated with premedication including tacrolimus for autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in a 28-year-old woman with a 2-year history of acute myeloid sarcoma/acute myeloid leukemia. Neurological examination revealed disturbed consciousness, muscle weakness in all extremities, and bilaterally diminished tendon reflexes...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319585/increased-fatigue-response-to-augmented-deceptive-feedback-during-cycling-time-trial
#10
Guillaume P Ducrocq, Thomas J Hureau, Olivier Meste, Grégory M Blain
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of different magnitudes of deception on performance and exercise-induced fatigue during cycling time-trial. METHODS: Following three familiarization visits, three females and eight males performed three 5 km cycling time-trials while following a simulated dynamic avatar reproducing either 100% (5K100%), 102% (5K102%) or 105% (5K105%) of the subject's previous fastest trial. Quadriceps muscle activation was quantified with surface electromyography...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319422/phototherapy-for-improvement-of-performance-and-exercise-recovery-comparison-of-3-commercially-available-devices
#11
Thiago De Marchi, Vinicius Mazzochi Schmitt, Carla Danúbia da Silva Fabro, Larissa Lopes da Silva, Juliane Sene, Olga Tairova, Mirian Salvador
CONTEXT:   Recent studies suggest the prophylactic use of low-powered laser/light has ergogenic effects on athletic performance and postactivity recovery. Manufacturers of high-powered lasers/light devices claim that these can produce the same clinical benefits with increased power and decreased irradiation time; however, research with high-powered lasers is lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the magnitude of observed phototherapeutic effects with 3 commercially available devices...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318865/anterior-vs-posterior-periarticular-multimodal-drug-injections-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-simultaneous-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Artit Laoruengthana, Piti Rattanaprichavej, Supachok Rasamimongkol, Monton Galassi
BACKGROUND: Currently, various techniques are used to overcome postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty. A local analgesic infiltration with periarticular multimodal drug injection (PMDI) is favorable because of its simplicity, safety, and efficacy. The present study compared the efficacy of a PMDI at the anterior vs posterior compartments. METHODS: Forty-six patients were randomized to receive the PMDI at either the anterior or posterior compartment, with the contralateral knee receiving the PMDI at the opposite compartment...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316590/rehabilitation-using-guided-cerebral-plasticity-of-a-brachial-plexus-injury-treated-with-intercostal-and-phrenic-nerve-transfers
#13
Lars B Dahlin, Gert Andersson, Clas Backman, Hampus Svensson, Anders Björkman
Recovery after surgical reconstruction of a brachial plexus injury using nerve grafting and nerve transfer procedures is a function of peripheral nerve regeneration and cerebral reorganization. A 15-year-old boy, with traumatic avulsion of nerve roots C5-C7 and a non-rupture of C8-T1, was operated 3 weeks after the injury with nerve transfers: (a) terminal part of the accessory nerve to the suprascapular nerve, (b) the second and third intercostal nerves to the axillary nerve, and (c) the fourth to sixth intercostal nerves to the musculocutaneous nerve...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315479/biopsychosocial-influence-on-shoulder-pain-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-pre-clinical-trial
#14
Steven Z George, Roland Staud, Paul A Borsa, Samuel S Wu, Margaret R Wallace, Warren H Greenfield, Lauren N Mackie, Roger B Fillingim
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions are a prevalent and disabling problem. Preventing chronic musculoskeletal pain requires multifactorial treatment approaches that address its complex etiology. Prior cohort studies identified a high risk subgroup comprised of variation in COMT genotype and pain catastrophizing. This subgroup had increased chance of heightened pain responses (in a pre-clinical model) and higher 12month post-operatives pain intensity ratings (in a clinical model)...
March 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306718/experimental-bothrops-atrox-envenomation-efficacy-of-antivenom-therapy-and-the-combination-of-bothrops-antivenom-with-dexamethasone
#15
Gabriella Neves Leal Santos Barreto, Sâmella Silva de Oliveira, Isabelle Valle Dos Anjos, Hipocrates de Menezes Chalkidis, Rosa Helena Veras Mourão, Ana Maria Moura da Silva, Ida Sigueko Sano-Martins, Luis Roberto de Camargo Gonçalves
Bothrops atrox snakes are the leading cause of snake bites in Northern Brazil. The venom of this snake is not included in the antigen pool used to obtain the Bothrops antivenom. There are discrepancies in reports on the effectiveness of this antivenom to treat victims bitten by B. atrox snakes. However, these studies were performed using a pre-incubation of the venom with the antivenom and, thus, did not simulate a true case of envenomation treatment. In addition, the local lesions induced by Bothrops venoms are not well resolved by antivenom therapy...
March 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302660/rhabdomyolysis-induced-compartment-syndrome-secondary-to-atorvastatin-and-strenuous-exercise
#16
Louise Dunphy, Rossel Morhij, Sarah Tucker
A 50-year-old male UK resident with a history of hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia presented to the emergency department with a 48-hour history of sudden onset bilateral thigh swelling and pain unrelieved by regular analgesia. 3 days prior to presentation, he performed a vigorous workout in the gym. His medications included ramipril 5 mg once daily and atorvastatin 20 mg at night time. He was a non-smoker and did not consume alcohol. He reported no known drug allergies. Physical examination confirmed bilateral swollen thighs, with no overlying skin changes, clinically suggestive of compartment syndrome...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300600/ethanolic-extracts-of-inula-viscosa-salix-alba-and-quercus-calliprinos-negatively-affect-the-development-of-the-entomopathogenic-nematode-heterorhabditis-bacteriophora-a-model-to-compare-gastro-intestinal-nematodes-developmental-effect
#17
Velayudhan Satheeja Santhi, Liora Salame, Levana Dvash, Hussein Muklada, Hassan Azaizeh, Raghda Mreny, Safaa Awwad, Alex Markovics, Serge Yan Landau, Itamar Glazer
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora can represent a model system for herbal medication against gastro-intestinal strongylid parasites in determining the recovery and development due to their unique parasitic infectious cycle. The fact that plant extracts impair nematode development is known but their differential impact on stages of the life cycle of H. bacteriophora has never been investigated. We examined the developmental stages resumed from eggs, young juveniles (J1-3), infective juveniles (IJs), young and adult hermaphrodites of H...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299422/homeostatic-regulation-through-gaba-and-acetylcholine-muscarinic-receptors-of-motor-trigeminal-neurons-following-sleep-deprivation
#18
Hanieh Toossi, Esther Del Cid-Pellitero, Barbara E Jones
Muscle tone is regulated across sleep-wake states, being maximal in waking, reduced in slow wave sleep (SWS) and absent in paradoxical or REM sleep (PS or REMS). Such changes in tone have been recorded in the masseter muscles and shown to correspond to changes in activity and polarization of the trigeminal motor 5 (Mo5) neurons. The muscle hypotonia and atonia during sleep depend in part on GABA acting upon both GABAA and GABAB receptors (Rs) and acetylcholine (ACh) acting upon muscarinic 2 (AChM2) Rs. Here, we examined whether Mo5 neurons undergo homeostatic regulation through changes in these inhibitory receptors following prolonged activity with enforced waking...
March 15, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299269/temporalis-pull-through-vs-fascia-lata-augmentation-in-facial-reanimation-for-facial-paralysis
#19
S M Balaji
OBJECTIVES: Surgical rehabilitation of facial palsy is challenging as each case is unique and success rate is often unpredictable. In one technique, temporalis is elevated from origin preserving vessels, and this elevation increases the length which is tunneled into buccal tissues (pull-through technique, Group A). In the other technique, a harvested fascia lata is attached to temporalis after a coronoidectomy release and the fascia lata is attached to the modiolus (Group B). The aim of this study is to compare the two different surgical techniques...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298837/a-study-of-acute-muscle-dysfunction-with-particular-reference-to-dengue-myopathy
#20
Rajesh Verma, Vikram V Holla, Vijay Kumar, Amita Jain, Nuzhat Husain, Kiran Preet Malhotra, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Praveen Kumar Sharma, Neeraj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Acute myopathy is a common cause of acute motor quadriparesis which has various etiologies with different courses of illness and prognosis depending on the cause. Understanding this diversity helps us in proper approach toward diagnosis, predicting the prognosis, and possible complications and in improving the treatments that are being provided. This study was planned to study the clinical, electrophysiological, and etiological profile of patients presenting with acute myopathy...
January 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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