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Muscle recovery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528485/lead-and-arsenic-accumulation-and-its-effects-on-plasma-cortisol-levels-in-oreochromis-sp
#1
Nguyen Quoc Thang, Bui The Huy, Le Van Tan, Nguyen Thi Kim Phuong
The accumulation, elimination and effect of heavy metals on plasma cortisol levels in Oreochromis sp. were studied in the exposure and recovery phases. In the exposure phase, the mean rate of accumulation in the tissues was in the order gill > liver > muscle for Pb exposure and muscle > liver > gill for As exposure. In the recovery phase, the order of elimination in the tissues was gill > liver > muscle for Pb and liver > gill > muscle for As. The amount of cortisol secreted by the Oreochromis sp...
May 20, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528354/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-resistance-training-in-women-with-chronic-computer-related-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Xiao Li, Caina Lin, Cuicui Liu, Songjian Ke, Qing Wan, Haijie Luo, Zhuxi Huang, Wenjun Xin, Chao Ma, Shaoling Wu
BACKGROUND: Chronic computer-related neck pain is common among office workers. Studies have proposed neck strengthening exercise as a therapy to pain relieving and function improvement. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of different loading resistance trainings and we hypothesized that women with work-related neck pain could benefit more from progressive resistance training for pain and function recovery. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted and subjects characterized by monotonous jobs were recruited...
May 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527715/influence-of-netrin-1-on-reinnervation-of-laryngeal-muscles-following-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury
#3
Ignacio Hernandez-Morato, Shira Koss, Sansar Sharma, Michael J Pitman
Following recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, recovery results in poor functional restitution of the paralyzed vocal fold. Netrin-1 has been found to be upregulated in the rat posterior cricoarytenoid muscle (PCA) during nerve regeneration, We evaluated the effect of ectopic Netrin-1 in the PCA during RLN reinnervation. The right RLN was transected and Netrin-1 was injected into the PCA (2.5, 5, 10, 15, 20μg/ml). At 7 days post injury fluorescent retrograde tracer was injected into PCA and Thyroarytenoid (TA) muscles...
May 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527135/association-between-muscle-function-cognitive-state-depression-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-of-older-people-evidence-from-clinical-practice
#4
Salah Gariballa, Awad Alessa
BACKGROUND: Although low muscle function/strength is an important predictor of poor clinical outcome in older patients, information on its impact on mental health in clinical practice is still lacking. AIMS: The aim of this report is to measure the impact of low muscle function measured by handgrip strength on mental health of older people during both acute illness and recovery. METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-two randomly selected hospitalized older patients had their baseline demographic and clinical characteristics assessed within 72 h of admission, at 6 weeks and at 6 months...
May 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525636/movement-does-not-promote-recovery-of-motor-output-following-acute-experimental-muscle-pain
#5
Siobhan M Schabrun, Thorvaldur S Palsson, Tribikram Thapa, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
Objective.:  To examine the effect of motor activity on the magnitude and duration of altered corticomotor output following experimental muscle pain. Design. : Experimental, pre-post test. Setting. : University laboratory. Subjects. : Twenty healthy individuals. Methods.:  Participants were randomly allocated to a Rest or Movement group. The Rest group sat quietly without moving for the duration of the experiment...
May 19, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522397/cellulose-acetate-poly-lactic-acid-coaxial-wet-electrospun-scaffold-containing-citalopram-loaded-gelatin-nanocarriers-for-neural-tissue-engineering-applications
#6
Mahdi Naseri-Nosar, Majid Salehi, Shahriar Hojjati-Emami
The current study aimed to develop a biodegradable three-dimensional drug-loaded scaffold with the core-shell structured fibrils using coaxial wet-electrospinning for neural tissue engineering application. Poly lactic acid was wet-electrospun as the core, whereas cellulose acetate was fabricated into the fibril's shell. The scaffold then was coated with citalopram-loaded gelatin nanocarriers (CGNs) produced by nanoprecipitation. Scanning electron microscope observation revealed that the fibrils formed a nonwoven structure with the average diameter of ∼950nm...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520446/-diabetic-foot-syndrome-importance-of-calf-muscles-mr-spectroscopy-in-the-assessment-of-limb-ischemia-and-effect-of-revascularization
#7
Andrea Němcová, Michal Dubský, Alexandra Jirkovská, Petr Šedivý, Miloslav Drobný, Milan Hájek, Monika Dezortová, Robert Bém, Vladimíra Fejfarová, Anna Pyšná
AIM: The standard method for assessment of effect of revascularization in patients with diabetic foot (DF) and critical limb ischemia (CLI) is transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2). Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) enables to evaluate oxidative muscle metabolism that could be impaired in patients with diabetes and its complications. The aim of our study was to compare MRS of calf muscle between patients with DF and CLI and healthy controls and to evaluate the contribution of MRS in the assessment of the effect of revascularization...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515288/motor-recovery-beginning-23-years-after-ischemic-stroke
#8
Peter Sörös, Robert Teasell, Daniel F Hanley, J David Spence
It is widely believed that most stroke recovery occurs within 6 months, with little benefit of physiotherapy or other modalities beyond a year. We report a remarkable case of stroke recovery beginning 23 years after a severe stroke due to embolization from the innominate artery and subclavian artery, resulting from compression of the right subclavian artery by a cervical rib. The patient had a large right fronto-parietal infarction with severe left hemiparesis, and a totally non-functional spastic left hand...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514648/determination-of-fenobucarb-residues-in-animal-and-aquatic-food-products-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-coupled-with-a-quechers-extraction-method
#9
Weijia Zheng, Jin-A Park, Dan Zhang, A M Abd El-Aty, Seong-Kwan Kim, Sang-Hyun Cho, Jeong-Min Choi, Jae-Han Shim, Byung-Joon Chang, Jin-Suk Kim, Ho-Chul Shin
A modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) extraction method coupled with liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI(+)/MS-MS) was developed for quantification of fenobucarb residues in animal food products, such as porcine muscle, egg, and whole milk, and aquatic food products, such as eel, flatfish, and shrimp. Acetonitrile with the addition of 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid was employed as an extraction solvent and was compared with acetonitrile alone and 0...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514292/isolated-olecranon-fractures-in-children-affected-by-osteogenesis-imperfecta-type-i-treated-with-single-screw-or-tension-band-wiring-system-outcomes-and-pitfalls-in-relation-to-bone-mineral-density
#10
Pietro Persiani, Filippo M Ranaldi, Jole Graci, Claudia De Cristo, Anna Zambrano, Patrizia D'Eufemia, Lorena Martini, Ciro Villani
The purpose of this study is to compare the results of 2 techniques, tension band wiring (TBW) and fixation with screws, in olecranon fractures in children affected with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type I. Between 2010 and 2014, 21 olecranon fractures in 18 children with OI (average age: 12 years old) were treated surgically. Ten patients were treated with the screw fixation and 11 with TBW. A total of 65% of olecranon fractures occurred as a result of a spontaneous avulsion of the olecranon during the contraction of the triceps muscle...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513880/unstable-rocker-shoes-promote-recovery-from-marathon-induced-muscle-damage-in-novice-runners
#11
Kento Nakagawa, Takayuki Inami, Takahisa Yonezu, Yuta Kenmotsu, Takaya Narita, Yasuo Kawakami, Kazuyuki Kanosue
We recently reported that wearing unstable rocker shoes (Masai Barefoot Technology: MBT) may enhance recovery from marathon race induced fatigue. However, this earlier study only utilized a questionnaire. In the present study, we evaluated MBT utilizing objective physiological measures of recovery from marathon induced muscle damages. Twenty-five university student novice runners were divided into two groups. After running a full marathon, one group wore MBT shoes (MBT group), and the control group (CON) wore ordinary shoes daily for one week following the race...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513458/cofilin-a-protein-controlling-dynamics-of-actin-filaments
#12
Zofia Ostrowska, Joanna Moraczewska
Cofilins are evolutionary conserved proteins present in all Eukaryotic cells. Their primary function is dynamic reorganization of actin cytoskeleton. Two cofilin isoforms are known: cofilin 1, present in all studied non-muscle cells and in embryonic muscle cells, and cofilin 2, which dominates in mature skeletal and cardiac muscles. Polypeptide chains of both isoforms fold into a structure homological to a conservative ADF (actin depolymerizing factor) domain, which is characteristic of actin depolymerizing factor...
May 5, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507996/effects-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-with-predatory-stress-on-functional-and-histological-index-of-injured-sciatic-nerve-in-rat
#13
Maryam Tasbih-Forosh, Leila Zarei, Ehsan Saboory, Mehran Bahrami-Bukani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of combination of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) with predatory stress on transected sciatic nerve regeneration in rats. METHODS: In sham- operated group (SOG) the nerve was manipulated and left intact. The 10-mm rat sciatic nerve gap was created in rats. In transected group (Transected) nerve stumps were sutured to adjacent muscle and in vein graft group (VG) the gap was bridged using an inside-out vein graft. In VG/PEMF group the transected nerve was bridged using vein graft, phosphate buffered saline was administered into the graft and the whole body was exposed to PEMF...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503531/relationship-between-cardiopulmonary-responses-and-isokinetic-moments-the-optimal-angular-velocity-for-muscular-endurance
#14
Chan-Bok Lee, Denny Eun, Kang-Ho Kim, Jae-Wan Park, Yong-Seok Jee
Most protocols for testing and rehabilitation for recovery and improvement of muscular endurance have been set at 180°/sec, 240°/sec, and 300°/sec. These protocols can cause confusion to clinical providers or other researchers. This study was aimed at investigating the optimal isokinetic angular speed for measuring or developing muscular endurance after assessing the relationship between cardiopulmonary responses and isokinetic moments. This study was conducted with 31 male and female college students. Graded exercise test and body composition were measured as well as the isokinetic moments of the knee muscles at three angular speeds: 180°/sec, 240°/sec, and 300°/sec...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503386/mechanical-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-after-cardiac-surgery
#15
Ali S Haider, Prabhat Garg, Ian T Watson, Dean Leonard, Umair Khan, Ahmed Haque, Phu Nguyen, Kennith F Layton
Ischemic stroke is a rare yet devastating complication that may occur following cardiothoracic surgery. Fibrinolytic treatment is contraindicated due to elevated risk for hemorrhage. Mechanical thrombectomy entails a catheterized approach wherein the thrombus is physically removed from the vessel without the use of fibrinolytics, minimizing the possibility of intracranial hemorrhage. Here, we present two original cases of mechanical thrombectomy as treatment for patients experiencing emergent large vessel occlusion following cardiothoracic surgery...
April 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503316/recovery-of-supraspinal-control-of-leg-movement-in-a-chronic-complete-flaccid-paraplegic-man-after-continuous-low-frequency-pelvic-nerve-stimulation-and-fes-assisted-training
#16
Marc Possover, Axel Forman
INTRODUCTION: More than 30 years ago, functional electrical stimulation (FES) was developed as an orthotic system to be used for rehabilitation for SCI patients. In the present case report, FES-assisted training was combined with continuous low-frequency stimulation of the pelvic somatic nerves in a SCI patient. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on unexpected findings in a 41-year-old man with chronic complete flaccid paraplegia, since he was 18 years old, who underwent spinal stem cell therapy and a laparoscopic implantation of neuroprosthesis (LION procedure) in the pelvic lumbosacral nerves...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501137/supinator-to-ulnar-nerve-transfer-via-in-situ-anterior-interosseous-nerve-bridge-to-restore-intrinsic-muscle-function-in-combined-proximal-median-and-ulnar-nerve-injury-a-novel-cadaveric-study
#17
Hamid Namazi, Shahin HajiVandi
BACKGROUND: In cases of high ulnar nerve palsy, result of nerve repair in term of intrinsic muscle recovery is unsatisfactory. Distal nerve transfer can diminish the regeneration time and improve the results. But, there was no perfect distal nerve transfer for restoring intrinsic hand function in combined proximal median and ulnar nerve injuries. This cadaveric study aims to evaluate the possibility and feasibility of supinator nerve transfer to motor branch of ulnar nerve (MUN). METHODS: Ten cadaveric upper limbs dissected to identify the location of the supinator branch, anterior interosseous nerve (AIN), and MUN...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499842/establishing-the-ferret-as-a-gyrencephalic-animal-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury-optimization-of-controlled-cortical-impact-procedures
#18
Susan C Schwerin, Elizabeth B Hutchinson, Kryslaine L Radomski, Kapinga P Ngalula, Carlo M Pierpaoli, Sharon L Juliano
BACKGROUND: Although rodent TBI studies provide valuable information regarding the effects of injury and recovery, an animal model with neuroanatomical characteristics closer to humans may provide a more meaningful basis for clinical translation. The ferret has a high white/gray matter ratio, gyrencephalic neocortex, and ventral hippocampal location. Furthermore, ferrets are amenable to behavioral training, have a body size compatible with pre-clinical MRI, and are cost-effective. NEW METHODS: We optimized the surgical procedure for controlled cortical impact (CCI) using 9 adult male ferrets...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499464/prospective-study-on-ocular-motility-limitation-due-to-orbital-muscle-entrapment-or-impingement-associated-with-orbital-wall-fracture
#19
Babak Alinasab, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Pär Stjärne
INTRODUCTION: The recommended urgent surgical management of ocular motility restriction due to orbital muscle entrapment or impingement associated with orbital wall fracture needs to be elucidated. AIM: To evaluate the importance of the time from injury to surgery for the outcome in ocular motility and diplopia, the time lapse of ocular motility, diplopia and hypesthesia recovery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with entrapment or impingement of orbital contents due to orbital wall fracture were followed up prospectively over 1year regarding ocular motility, diplopia, hypesthesia and cosmetic deformity...
April 21, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495210/3-tesla-23-na-magnetic-resonance-imaging-during-acute-kidney-injury
#20
Matthias Hammon, Susan Grossmann, Peter Linz, Hannes Seuss, Rebecca Hammon, Daniela Rosenhauer, Rolf Janka, Alexander Cavallaro, Friedrich C Luft, Jens Titze, Michael Uder, Anke Dahlmann
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Sodium and proton magnetic resonance imaging ((23)Na/(1)H-MRI) have shown that muscle and skin can store Na(+) without water. In chronic renal failure and in heart failure, Na(+) mobilization occurs, but is variable depending on age, dialysis vintage, and other features. Na(+) storage depots have not been studied in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 7 patients with AKI (mean age: 51.7 years; range: 25-84) and 14 age-matched and gender-matched healthy controls...
May 8, 2017: Academic Radiology
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