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FoxM1 AND beta cells

Naoyuki Kitao, Akinobu Nakamura, Hideaki Miyoshi, Hiroshi Nomoto, Kiyohiko Takahashi, Kazuno Omori, Kohei Yamamoto, Kyu Yong Cho, Yasuo Terauchi, Tatsuya Atsumi
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether glucokinase and insulin receptor substrate-2 were required for beta cell proliferation induced by short-term high-fat (HF) diet feeding, as has been shown for long-term HF diet. METHODS: Eight-week-old C57BL/6 J mice were exposed to either a standard chow (SC) or HF diet. After 1 week on the diet, histopathological beta cell proliferation and gene expression in isolated islets were examined. Additionally, 8-week-old beta cell-specific glucokinase haploinsufficient (Gck+/- ) and Irs2 knockout (Irs2-/- ) mice were exposed to either an SC or HF diet...
March 12, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Maya Otto-Duessel, Ben Yi Tew, Steven Vonderfecht, Roger Moore, Jeremy O Jones
AIM: To identify neuron-selective androgen receptor (AR) signaling inhibitors, which could be useful in the treatment of spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA), or Kennedy's disease, a neuromuscular disorder in which deterioration of motor neurons leads to progressive muscle weakness. METHODS: Cell lines representing prostate, kidney, neuron, adipose, and muscle tissue were developed that stably expressed the CFP-AR-YFP FRET reporter. We used these cells to screen a library of small molecules for cell type-selective AR inhibitors...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
Mieke Baan, Carly R Kibbe, Justin R Bushkofsky, Ted W Harris, Dawn S Sherman, Dawn Belt Davis
Transgenic mouse models are designed to study the role of specific proteins. To increase transgene expression the human growth hormone (hGH) minigene, including introns, has been included in many transgenic constructs. Until recently, it was thought that the hGH gene was not spliced, transcribed, and translated to produce functional hGH protein. We generated a transgenic mouse with the transcription factor Forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) followed by the hGH minigene, under control of the mouse insulin promoter (MIP) to target expression specifically in the pancreatic β-cell...
October 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Jason M Spaeth, Chad S Hunter, Lauren Bonatakis, Min Guo, Catherine A French, Ian Slack, Manami Hara, Simon E Fisher, Jorge Ferrer, Edward E Morrisey, Ben Z Stanger, Roland Stein
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Several forkhead box (FOX) transcription factor family members have important roles in controlling pancreatic cell fates and maintaining beta cell mass and function, including FOXA1, FOXA2 and FOXM1. In this study we have examined the importance of FOXP1, FOXP2 and FOXP4 of the FOXP subfamily in islet cell development and function. METHODS: Mice harbouring floxed alleles for Foxp1, Foxp2 and Foxp4 were crossed with pan-endocrine Pax6-Cre transgenic mice to generate single and compound Foxp mutant mice...
August 2015: Diabetologia
Yunpeng Xie, Dan Cui, Ying Kong
To be a successful implantation, endometrial receptivity should be established. Forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) is described as a major oncogenic transcription factor in tumor initiation, promotion, and progression. FoxM1 regulates the expression of lots of targeted genes important to cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis; cell-cycle progression; and tumor angiogenesis, migration, invasion, and metastasis. According to these functions, we believe that FoxM1 should also play an essential role in embryo implantation...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Zhen Ning, Aman Wang, Jinxiao Liang, Yunpeng Xie, Jiwei Liu, Lu Feng, Qiu Yan, Zhongyu Wang
Ubiquitin-specific protease 22 (USP22), a newly discovered member of ubiquitin hydrolase family, exhibits a critical function in cell cycle progression and tumorigenesis. The forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) transcription factor plays a crucial role in cell proliferation, differentiation and transformation. However, the expression and functions of USP22 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) and whether FoxM1 is involved in USP22-mediated cell cycle regulation have not been studied. We examined the expression of USP22 and FoxM1 in 136 stage II PDA tissues by immunohistochemistry...
October 2014: International Journal of Oncology
Lei Li, Zhaoshen Li, Xiangyu Kong, Dacheng Xie, Zhiliang Jia, Weihua Jiang, Jiujie Cui, Yiqi Du, Daoyan Wei, Suyun Huang, Keping Xie
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dysregulation of β-catenin and the transcriptional activator FOXM1 mediate oncogenesis, but it is not clear how these proteins become dysregulated in tumors that do not typically carry mutations in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) or β-catenin, such as pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs). We searched for microRNAs that regulate levels of FOXM1 in PDAC cells and samples from patients. METHODS: We identified microRNAs that affect levels of FOXM1 in PDACs using bioinformatic, genetic, and pharmacologic approaches...
August 2014: Gastroenterology
Ramamani Arumugam, Don Fleenor, Michael Freemark
Prolactin (PRL) and placental lactogen stimulate beta cell replication and insulin production in vitro and in vivo. The molecular mechanisms by which lactogens promote beta cell expansion are unclear. We treated rat insulinoma cells with a PRL receptor (PRLR) siRNA to determine if PRLR signaling is required for beta cell DNA synthesis and cell survival and to identify beta cell cycle genes whose expression depends upon lactogen action. Effects of PRLR knockdown were compared with those of PRL treatment. PRLR knockdown (-80 %) reduced DNA synthesis, increased apoptosis, and inhibited expression of cyclins D2 and B2, IRS-2, Tph1, and the anti-apoptotic protein PTTG1; p21 and BCL6 mRNAs increased...
August 2014: Endocrine
Aihua Gong, Suyun Huang
Cancer stem cells may be responsible for tumor initiation and maintenance. The molecular mechanisms that control cancer stem cells are related to alterations in various signaling pathways, including the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. The canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is one of the major signaling systems in stem and progenitor cells, and aberrant activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is common in human cancers. As with β-catenin, FoxM1 has been found to play important roles in a number of cancers...
November 15, 2012: Cancer Research
I-Ching Wang, Jonathan Snyder, Yufang Zhang, Julie Lander, Yuto Nakafuku, James Lin, Gang Chen, Tanya V Kalin, Jeffrey A Whitsett, Vladimir V Kalinichenko
While Kras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and canonical Wnt/β-catenin are critical for lung morphogenesis, mechanisms integrating these important signaling pathways during lung development are unknown. Herein, we demonstrate that the Foxm1 transcription factor is a key downstream target of activated Kras(G12D). Deletion of Foxm1 from respiratory epithelial cells during lung formation prevented structural abnormalities caused by activated Kras(G12D). Kras/Foxm1 signaling inhibited the activity of canonical Wnt signaling in the developing lung in vivo...
October 2012: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Pamela Cruz, María José Epuñán, María Eugenia Ramírez, Cristian G Torres, Luis E Valladares, Walter D Sierralta
The principal aim of this study was to analyze in estrogen receptor-positive MCF7 cells the response of three estrogen-dependent proteins to 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC), a major circulating cholesterol metabolite. Immunofluorescence, immunoblotting and immunogold labelling analyses of MCF7 cells exposed for up to 72 h to 2 nM estradiol (E2) or to 2 µM 27OHC demonstrated similar responses in the expression of MnSOD and ERβ compared to the non-stimulated cells. Thus, the results confirm 27OHC's function as a novel selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM)...
September 2012: Oncology Reports
Nu Zhang, Ping Wei, Aihua Gong, Wen-Tai Chiu, Hsueh-Te Lee, Howard Colman, He Huang, Jianfei Xue, Mingguang Liu, Yong Wang, Raymond Sawaya, Keping Xie, W K Alfred Yung, René H Medema, Xi He, Suyun Huang
Wnt/β-catenin signaling is essential for stem cell regulation and tumorigenesis, but its molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we report that FoxM1 is a downstream component of Wnt signaling and is critical for β-catenin transcriptional function in tumor cells. Wnt3a increases the level and nuclear translocation of FoxM1, which binds directly to β-catenin and enhances β-catenin nuclear localization and transcriptional activity. Genetic deletion of FoxM1 in immortalized neural stem cells abolishes β-catenin nuclear localization...
October 18, 2011: Cancer Cell
Yoshiya Horimoto, Johan Hartman, Julie Millour, Steven Pollock, Yolanda Olmos, Ka-Kei Ho, R Charles Coombes, Matti Poutanen, Sari I Mäkelä, Mona El-Bahrawy, Valerie Speirs, Eric W-F Lam
In this study, we investigated the effects of ectopic estrogen receptor (ER)β1 expression in breast cancer cell lines and nude mice xenografts and observed that ERβ1 expression suppresses tumor growth and represses FOXM1 mRNA and protein expression in ERα-positive but not ERα-negative breast cancer cells. Furthermore, a significant inverse correlation exists between ERβ1 and FOXM1 expression at both protein and mRNA transcript levels in ERα-positive breast cancer patient samples. Ectopic ERβ1 expression resulted in decreased FOXM1 protein and mRNA expression only in ERα-positive but not ERα-negative breast carcinoma cell lines, suggesting that ERβ1 represses ERα-dependent FOXM1 transcription...
September 2011: American Journal of Pathology
Albert Braeuning, Yvonne Heubach, Thomas Knorpp, Marta Anna Kowalik, Markus Templin, Amedeo Columbano, Michael Schwarz
Aberrant signaling through the Wnt/β-catenin pathway is a critical determinant in human and rodent liver carcinogenesis and generally accepted to be a potent driver of proliferation. Xenobiotic agonists of the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) induce massive acute hyperplasia of mouse liver and facilitate the outgrowth of hepatocellular carcinomas with activated β-catenin. In the present study, the interplay of β-catenin-dependent and CAR-dependent signaling in the liver and its effect on hepatocyte proliferation were analyzed in transgenic mice with hepatocyte-specific knockout of Ctnnb1 (encoding β-catenin) following treatment with two CAR agonists, 1,4-bis[2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy)]-benzene (TCPOBOP) and phenobarbital...
September 2011: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Muhammad K Mirza, Ying Sun, Yidan D Zhao, Hari-Hara S K Potula, Randall S Frey, Steven M Vogel, Asrar B Malik, You-Yang Zhao
Repair of the injured vascular intima requires a series of coordinated events that mediate both endothelial regeneration and reannealing of adherens junctions (AJs) to form a restrictive endothelial barrier. The forkhead transcription factor FoxM1 is essential for endothelial proliferation after vascular injury. However, little is known about mechanisms by which FoxM1 regulates endothelial barrier reannealing. Here, using a mouse model with endothelial cell (EC)-restricted disruption of FoxM1 (FoxM1 CKO) and primary cultures of ECs with small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of FoxM1, we demonstrate a novel requisite role of FoxM1 in mediating endothelial AJ barrier repair through the transcriptional control of beta-catenin...
August 2, 2010: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Dawn Belt Davis, Jeremy A Lavine, Joshua I Suhonen, Kimberly A Krautkramer, Mary E Rabaglia, Jamie M Sperger, Luis A Fernandez, Brian S Yandell, Mark P Keller, I-Ming Wang, Eric E Schadt, Alan D Attie
beta-Cell mass expansion is one mechanism by which obese animals compensate for insulin resistance and prevent diabetes. FoxM1 is a transcription factor that can regulate the expression of multiple cell cycle genes and is necessary for the maintenance of adult beta-cell mass, beta-cell proliferation, and glucose homeostasis. We hypothesized that FoxM1 is up-regulated by nondiabetic obesity and initiates a transcriptional program leading to beta-cell proliferation. We performed gene expression analysis on islets from the nondiabetic C57BL/6 Leptin(ob/ob) mouse, the diabetic BTBR Leptin(ob/ob) mouse, and an F2 Leptin(ob/ob) population derived from these strains...
September 2010: Molecular Endocrinology
Kim Mai Huynh, Jae-Won Soh, Rupesh Dash, Devanand Sarkar, Paul B Fisher, Dongchul Kang
Induction of terminal differentiation represents a potentially less toxic cancer therapy. Treatment of HO-1 human metastatic melanoma cells with IFN-β plus mezerein (MEZ) promotes terminal differentiation with an irreversible loss of growth potential. During this process, the transcription factor FOXM1 is down-regulated potentially inhibiting transactivation of target genes including those involved in G(2)/M progression and cell proliferation. We investigated the mechanism of FOXM1 down-regulation and its physiological role in terminal differentiation...
January 2011: Journal of Cellular Physiology
S A Caldwell, S R Jackson, K S Shahriari, T P Lynch, G Sethi, S Walker, K Vosseller, M J Reginato
Cancer cells upregulate glycolysis, increasing glucose uptake to meet energy needs. A small fraction of a cell's glucose enters the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP), which regulates levels of O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc), a carbohydrate posttranslational modification of diverse nuclear and cytosolic proteins. We discovered that breast cancer cells upregulate the HBP, including increased O-GlcNAcation and elevated expression of O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT), which is the enzyme catalyzing the addition of O-GlcNAc to proteins...
May 13, 2010: Oncogene
Hongjie Zhang, Jia Zhang, Christine F Pope, Laura A Crawford, Rupangi C Vasavada, Shubhada M Jagasia, Maureen Gannon
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study were to determine whether the cell cycle transcription factor, FoxM1, is required for glucose homeostasis and beta-cell mass expansion in maternal islets during pregnancy and whether FoxM1 is essential for placental lactogen (PL)-induced beta-cell proliferation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: beta-Cell mass, beta-cell proliferation, and glucose homeostasis were assessed in virgin, pregnant, and postpartum mice with a pancreas-wide Foxm1 deletion (FoxM1(Deltapanc))...
January 2010: Diabetes
Alejandro P Adam, Ajish George, Denis Schewe, Paloma Bragado, Bibiana V Iglesias, Aparna C Ranganathan, Antonis Kourtidis, Douglas S Conklin, Julio A Aguirre-Ghiso
The stress-activated kinase p38 plays key roles in tumor suppression and induction of tumor cell dormancy. However, the mechanisms behind these functions remain poorly understood. Using computational tools, we identified a transcription factor (TF) network regulated by p38alpha/beta and required for human squamous carcinoma cell quiescence in vivo. We found that p38 transcriptionally regulates a core network of 46 genes that includes 16 TFs. Activation of p38 induced the expression of the TFs p53 and BHLHB3, while inhibiting c-Jun and FoxM1 expression...
July 15, 2009: Cancer Research
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