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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527614/n-o-344-salpingectomie-opportuniste-et-autres-m%C3%A3-thodes-pour-r%C3%A3-duire-le-risque-de-cancer-de-l-ovaire-de-la-trompe-de-fallope-et-du-p%C3%A3-ritoine-dans-la-population-g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-rale
#1
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIF: La présente directive clinique examine les avantages potentiels de la salpingectomie opportuniste pour prévenir le développement du cancer séreux de grade élevé de l'ovaire, de la trompe de Fallope et du péritoine à la lumière de données probantes actuelles selon lesquelles ce type de cancer prendrait naissance dans la trompe de Fallope. UTILISATEURS CIBLES: Gynécologues, obstétriciens, médecins de famille, infirmières autorisées, infirmières praticiennes, résidents et fournisseurs de soins de santé...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489890/unmasking-inequalities-sub-national-maternal-and-child-mortality-data-from-two-urban-slums-in-lagos-nigeria-tells-the-story
#2
Erin Anastasi, Ekanem Ekanem, Olivia Hill, Agnes Adebayo Oluwakemi, Oluwatosin Abayomi, Andrea Bernasconi
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world as well as high perinatal mortality. Unfortunately, the country does not have the resources to assess this critical indicator with the conventional health information system and measuring its progress toward the goal of ending preventable maternal deaths is almost impossible. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) conducted a cross-sectional study to assess maternal and perinatal mortality in Makoko Riverine and Badia East, two of the most vulnerable slums of Lagos...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456526/strengthening-and-sustainability-of-national-immunization-technical-advisory-groups-nitags-globally-lessons-and-recommendations-from-the-founding-meeting-of-the-global-nitag-network
#3
Alex Adjagba, Noni E MacDonald, Inmaculada Ortega-Pérez, Philippe Duclos
National Immunization Technical Advisory Groups (NITAGs) provide independent, evidence-informed advice to assist their governments in immunization policy formation. However, many NITAGs face challenges in fulfilling their roles. Hence the many requests for formation of a network linking NITAGs together so they can learn from each other. To address this request, the Health Policy and Institutional Development (HPID) Center (a WHO Collaborating Center at the Agence de Médecine Préventive - AMP), in collaboration with WHO, organized a meeting in Veyrier-du-Lac, France, on 11 and 12 May 2016, to establish a Global NITAG Network (GNN)...
April 26, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364929/professional-changes-induced-by-a-redesigned-immunization-supply-chain-in-the-com%C3%A3-health-zone-benin
#4
Elise Guillermet, Daleb Abdoulaye Alfa, Romule Gbodja, Philippe Jaillard
At the end of 2013, the Government of Benin and Agence de Médecine Préventive (AMP) launched a demonstration project in Comé Health Zone (HZ) to optimize the vaccine supply chain. A key part of the demonstration project was the creation of an "informed push model" of vaccine distribution supported by a new logistician position at the health zone (district) level. At the conclusion of the demonstration project in 2015, the authors conducted an anthropological study consisting of semi-structured interviews with 62 participants to assess how the new model changed the professional identities, roles, responsibilities, and practices of personnel involved in vaccine management during and just after the demonstration project end in Comé HZ...
April 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328346/efficacy-of-a-low-cost-heat-stable-oral-rotavirus-vaccine-in-niger
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sheila Isanaka, Ousmane Guindo, Celine Langendorf, Amadou Matar Seck, Brian D Plikaytis, Nathan Sayinzoga-Makombe, Monica M McNeal, Nicole Meyer, Eric Adehossi, Ali Djibo, Bruno Jochum, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Each year, rotavirus gastroenteritis is responsible for about 37% of deaths from diarrhea among children younger than 5 years of age worldwide, with a disproportionate effect in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled trial in Niger to evaluate the efficacy of a live, oral bovine rotavirus pentavalent vaccine (BRV-PV, Serum Institute of India) to prevent severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. Healthy infants received three doses of the vaccine or placebo at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age...
March 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284512/n%C3%A2-342-l-h%C3%A3-patite-b-et-la-grossesse
#6
Eliana Castillo, Kellie Murphy, Julie van Schalkwyk
OBJECTIF: Examiner l'épidémiologie, l'histoire naturelle, l'évaluation et le traitement de l'infection au virus de l'hépatite B (VHB) durant la grossesse. Cela aidera les fournisseurs de soins obstétricaux à conseiller leurs patientes quant aux risques périnataux et aux options de prise en charge offertes aux femmes enceintes atteintes de l'hépatite B. ISSUES: Les éléments évalués comprennent les seuils de traitement antiviral contre le VHB pour la prévention de la transmission périnatale et pour les interventions effractives durant la grossesse pour les femmes atteintes de l'hépatite B...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282377/before-the-bombing-high-burden-of-traumatic-injuries-in-kunduz-trauma-center-kunduz-afghanistan
#7
Hamayoun Hemat, Safieh Shah, Petros Isaakidis, Mrinalini Das, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Sattar Zaheer, Abdul Qayeum Qasemy, Mutallib Zakir, Gbane Mahama, Catherine Van Overloop, Lynette Dominguez
BACKGROUND: Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has been providing healthcare in Afghanistan since 1981 including specialized health services for trauma patients in Kunduz Trauma Center (KTC) from 2011. On October 3rd, 2015, a US airstrike hit the KTC, killing 42 people including 14 MSF staff. This study aims to demonstrate the impact on healthcare provision, after hospital destruction, by assessing the extent of care provided for trauma and injuries by the MSF KTC and to report on treatment outcomes from January 2014 to June 2015, three months prior to the bombing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063572/suppl%C3%A3-mentation-pr%C3%A3-conceptionnelle-en-acide-folique-multivitamines-pour-la-pr%C3%A3-vention-primaire-et-secondaire-des-anomalies-du-tube-neural-et-d-autres-anomalies-cong%C3%A3-nitales-sensibles-%C3%A3-l-acide-folique
#8
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIF: Offrir des renseignements à jour sur l'utilisation pré et postconceptionnelle d'acide folique par voie orale, avec ou sans supplément de multivitamines / micronutriments, aux fins de la prévention des anomalies du tube neural et d'autres anomalies congénitales. Ces renseignements aideront les médecins, les sages-femmes, les infirmières et les autres professionnels de la santé à contribuer aux efforts de sensibilisation des femmes quant à l'utilisation et aux posologies adéquates de la supplémentation en acide folique / multivitamines, avant et pendant la grossesse...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062018/atrial-fibrillation-in-a-structurally-normal-heart-during-pregnancy-a-review-of-cases-from-a-registry-and-from-the-literature
#9
Nadine Sauvé, Évelyne Rey, Annabelle Cumyn
OBJECTIVES: Atrial fibrillation (AF) in a structurally normal heart is rare during pregnancy. We wished to use our experience to expand the literature on the causes and management of this condition. METHODS: All members of Groupe d'Étude en Médecine Obstétricale du Québec (GÉMOQ) were invited to record cases of AF in a structurally normal heart during pregnancy to the group's Registry. We searched Medline, PubMed, and Google Scholar (1946 to 15 April 2016) for relevant articles using the key words "atrial fibrillation" and "pregnancy...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017403/efficacy-and-effectiveness-of-an-rvsv-vectored-vaccine-in-preventing-ebola-virus-disease-final-results-from-the-guinea-ring-vaccination-open-label-cluster-randomised-trial-ebola-%C3%A3-a-suffit
#10
Ana Maria Henao-Restrepo, Anton Camacho, Ira M Longini, Conall H Watson, W John Edmunds, Matthias Egger, Miles W Carroll, Natalie E Dean, Ibrahima Diatta, Moussa Doumbia, Bertrand Draguez, Sophie Duraffour, Godwin Enwere, Rebecca Grais, Stephan Gunther, Pierre-Stéphane Gsell, Stefanie Hossmann, Sara Viksmoen Watle, Mandy Kader Kondé, Sakoba Kéïta, Souleymane Kone, Eewa Kuisma, Myron M Levine, Sema Mandal, Thomas Mauget, Gunnstein Norheim, Ximena Riveros, Aboubacar Soumah, Sven Trelle, Andrea S Vicari, John-Arne Røttingen, Marie-Paule Kieny
BACKGROUND: rVSV-ZEBOV is a recombinant, replication competent vesicular stomatitis virus-based candidate vaccine expressing a surface glycoprotein of Zaire Ebolavirus. We tested the effect of rVSV-ZEBOV in preventing Ebola virus disease in contacts and contacts of contacts of recently confirmed cases in Guinea, west Africa. METHODS: We did an open-label, cluster-randomised ring vaccination trial (Ebola ça Suffit!) in the communities of Conakry and eight surrounding prefectures in the Basse-Guinée region of Guinea, and in Tomkolili and Bombali in Sierra Leone...
February 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989625/pneumonia-prevention-cost-effectiveness-analyses-of-two-vaccines-among-refugee-children-aged-under-two-years-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-containing-and-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-during-a-humanitarian-emergency-yida-camp-south-sudan
#11
Lisa M Gargano, Rana Hajjeh, Susan T Cookson
By September 2013, war between Sudan and South Sudan resulted in >70,000 Sudanese refugees and high pneumonia incidence among the 20,000 refugees in Yida camp, South Sudan. Using Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)-provided data and modifying our decision-tree models, we estimated if administering Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)-containing (pentavalent vaccine, also with diphtheria pertussis and tetanus [DPT] and hepatitis B) and pneumococcal conjugate (PCV) vaccines were cost-effective against hospitalized pneumonia...
January 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887796/vaccine-strategies-optimising-outcomes
#12
Karin Hardt, Paolo Bonanni, Susan King, Jose Ignacio Santos, Mostafa El-Hodhod, Gregory D Zimet, Scott Preiss
Successful immunisation programmes generally result from high vaccine effectiveness and adequate uptake of vaccines. In the development of new vaccination strategies, the structure and strength of the local healthcare system is a key consideration. In high income countries, existing infrastructures are usually used, while in less developed countries, the capacity for introducing new vaccines may need to be strengthened, particularly for vaccines administered beyond early childhood, such as the measles or human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine...
December 20, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765293/effectiveness-of-one-dose-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-in-response-to-an-outbreak-a-case-cohort-study
#13
Andrew S Azman, Lucy A Parker, John Rumunu, Fisseha Tadesse, Francesco Grandesso, Lul L Deng, Richard Laku Lino, Bior K Bior, Michael Lasuba, Anne-Laure Page, Lameck Ontweka, Augusto E Llosa, Sandra Cohuet, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Dossou Vincent Sodjinou, Abdinasir Abubakar, Amanda K Debes, Allan M Mpairwe, Joseph F Wamala, Christine Jamet, Justin Lessler, David A Sack, Marie-Laure Quilici, Iza Ciglenecki, Francisco J Luquero
BACKGROUND: Oral cholera vaccines represent a new effective tool to fight cholera and are licensed as two-dose regimens with 2-4 weeks between doses. Evidence from previous studies suggests that a single dose of oral cholera vaccine might provide substantial direct protection against cholera. During a cholera outbreak in May, 2015, in Juba, South Sudan, the Ministry of Health, Médecins Sans Frontières, and partners engaged in the first field deployment of a single dose of oral cholera vaccine to enhance the outbreak response...
November 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703068/hospital-incidence-and-annual-rates-of-hospitalization-for-venous-thromboembolic-disease-in-france-and-the-usa
#14
François-André Allaert, Eric Benzenine, Catherine Quantin
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to describe the hospital incidences and annual hospitalization rates for venous thromboembolic disease by age and sex in France and the United States on the closest possible methodological bases. METHODS: French statistics are from the PMSI MCO (Programme de médicalisation des système d'information de médecine, chirurgie et obstétrique (French national hospital discharge register)) national database. These are compiled for each calendar year by collating résumé de sortie anonymisé (RSA, anonymous discharge summary) files forwarded and validated by health establishments with admissions in medicine, surgery, obstetrics, and odontology...
October 4, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679655/why-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-msf-provides-safe-abortion-care-and-what-that-involves
#15
Catrin Schulte-Hillen, Nelly Staderini, Jean-François Saint-Sauveur
MSF responds to needs for the termination of pregnancy, including on request (TPR); it is part of the organization's work aimed at reducing maternal mortality and suffering; and preventing unsafe abortions in the countries where we work. Following the publication of "Why don't humanitarian organizations provide safe abortion care?" we offer an insight into MSF's experience over the past few years. The article looks at the legal concerns and proposes that the importance of addressing maternal mortality should replace them and the operational set-up and action organized in a way that mitigates risks...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658876/paediatric-hiv-testing-beyond-the-context-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Jennifer Cohn, Katherine Whitehouse, Julia Tuttle, Kristin Lueck, Trang Tran
BACKGROUND: Many HIV-positive children in low-income and middle-income countries remain undiagnosed. Although HIV testing in children at health facilities is recommended by WHO, it is not well implemented. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the case-finding benefit of HIV screening in children aged 0-5 years in low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: We did this systematic review and meta-analysis in accordance with an a-priori protocol. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, WHO Global Index Medicus, Web of Science, Médecins Sans Frontières, Cochrane, Embase, CABS Abstracts, and LILACS databases for articles published between Jan 1, 2004, and April 30, 2016, that reported the quantitative prevalence of HIV detected through screening in four key contexts (paediatric inpatient settings, paediatric outpatient settings, nutrition centres, and expanded programme on immunisation centres) in paediatric populations in low-income and middle-income countries...
October 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629683/-aborder-les-soins-pr%C3%A3-ventifs-chez-les-a%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-s
#17
REVIEW
Bachir Tazkarji, Robert Lam, Shawn Lee, Soumia Meiyappan
OBJECTIF: Guider les médecins de famille dans l'élaboration de plans de dépistage et de traitements préventifs à l'intention de leurs patients âgés. SOURCES DE L'INFORMATION: Une recension a été effectuée dans la base de données MEDLINE pour trouver des lignes directrices canadiennes sur les soins de santé primaires et les personnes âgées; des lignes directrices, des méta-analyses, des guides de pratique clinique ou des révisions systématiques portant sur le dépistage de masse chez les 80 ans et plus et les aînés fragiles, se limitant à ceux publiés entre 2006 et juillet 2016; et des articles sur les services de santé préventifs à l'intention des aînés et présentant un intérêt pour la pratique familiale ou les médecins de famille, limités à ceux publiés en anglais entre 2012 et juillet 2016...
September 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611434/linezolid-associated-optic-neuropathy-in-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-in-mumbai-india
#18
Salil Mehta, Mrinalini Das, Chinmay Laxmeshwar, Sylvie Jonckheere, Sein Sein Thi, Petros Isaakidis
BACKGROUND: Patients on linezolid-containing drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) regimen often develop adverse-events, particularly peripheral and optic neuropathy. Programmatic data and experiences of linezolid-associated optic neuropathy from high DR-TB burden settings are lacking. The study aimed to determine the frequency of and risk-factors associated with linezolid-associated optic neuropathy and document the experiences related to treatment/care of DR-TB patients on linezolid-containing regimens...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580098/impact-and-lessons-learned-from-mass-drug-administrations-of-malaria-chemoprevention-during-the-ebola-outbreak-in-monrovia-liberia-2014
#19
Anna Kuehne, Amanda Tiffany, Estrella Lasry, Michel Janssens, Clement Besse, Chibuzo Okonta, Kwabena Larbi, Alfred C Pah, Kostas Danis, Klaudia Porten
BACKGROUND: In October 2014, during the Ebola outbreak in Liberia healthcare services were limited while malaria transmission continued. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) implemented a mass drug administration (MDA) of malaria chemoprevention (CP) in Monrovia to reduce malaria-associated morbidity. In order to inform future interventions, we described the scale of the MDA, evaluated its acceptance and estimated the effectiveness. METHODS: MSF carried out two rounds of MDA with artesunate/amodiaquine (ASAQ) targeting four neighbourhoods of Monrovia (October to December 2014)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567107/emergence-of-epidemic-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-c-in-niger-2015-an-analysis-of-national-surveillance-data
#20
Fati Sidikou, Maman Zaneidou, Ibrahim Alkassoum, Stephanie Schwartz, Bassira Issaka, Ricardo Obama, Clement Lingani, Ashley Tate, Flavien Ake, Souleymane Sakande, Sani Ousmane, Jibir Zanguina, Issaka Seidou, Innocent Nzeyimana, Didier Mounkoro, Oubote Abodji, Xin Wang, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Jean Paul Moulia-Pelat, Assimawe Pana, Goumbi Kadade, Olivier Ronveaux, Ryan Novak, Odile Ouwe Missi Oukem-Boyer, Sarah Meyer
BACKGROUND: To combat Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A epidemics in the meningitis belt of sub-Saharan Africa, a meningococcal serogroup A conjugate vaccine (MACV) has been progressively rolled out since 2010. We report the first meningitis epidemic in Niger since the nationwide introduction of MACV. METHODS: We compiled and analysed nationwide case-based meningitis surveillance data in Niger. Cases were confirmed by culture or direct real-time PCR, or both, of cerebrospinal fluid specimens, and whole-genome sequencing was used to characterise isolates...
November 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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