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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633715/restless-legs-syndrome-and-sleep-wake-disturbances-in-pregnancy
#1
Galit Levi Dunietz, Lynda D Lisabeth, Kerby Shedden, Q Afifa Shamim-Uzzaman, Alexandra S Bullough, Mark C Chames, Marc F Bowden, Louise M O'Brien
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To estimate the association of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and its frequency with sleep-wake disturbances in pregnancy. METHODS: A cohort of 1,563 women in their third trimester of pregnancy were recruited from prenatal clinics between March 2007 and December 2010. Demographic, pregnancy, and delivery data were extracted from medical records and sleep information was collected with questionnaires. To diagnose RLS, we used standardized criteria of RLS symptoms and frequency that were developed by the International Restless Legs Study Group...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631766/-postural-effect-in-patients-with-patent-foramen-ovale-evaluation-of-right-to-left-shunt-with-transcranial-doppler-and-transthoracic-echocardiography-and-correlation-with-arterial-oxygen-saturation
#2
Stefano Lucreziotti, Chiara Debenedetti, Laura Massironi, Antonio Mantero, Fabiano Di Marco, Massimo Chessa, Stefano Carugo
BACKGROUND: Transcranial Doppler echocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography may detect with high accuracy right-to-left shunt (RLS) due to patent foramen ovale (PFO). However, a standardized diagnostic protocol has never been established. It has been suggested that standing or sitting positions may improve sensitivity of transcranial Doppler due to increased LRS in such positions. We aimed to test efficacy of the sitting position in addition to the supine position in the grading of RLS in patients with PFO...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627427/144-week-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-once-daily-single-tablet-regimen-of-tenofovir-lamivudine-and-efavirenz-among-arv-na%C3%A3-ve-and-arv-experienced-hiv-1-infected-thai-adults
#3
Anchalee Avihingsanon, Wirach Maek-A-Nantawat, Sivaporn Gatechompol, Vorapot Sapsirisavat, Wanida Thiansanguankul, Jiratchaya Sophonphan, Narujakorn Thammajaruk, Sasiwimol Ubolyam, David M Burger, Kiat Ruxrungtham
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of a new single tablet regimen(STR) of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate(TDF) 300mg, lamivudine(3TC) 300mg and efavirenz(EFV) 600mg in HIV-infected Thais. METHODS: This was a 144 week, prospective study among 51 treatment naïve and 49 experienced patients on separated pill of TDF, 3TC and EFV with HIV RNA<50 copies/ml. CD4, HIV RNA, liver, renal functions and lipid profiles were assessed at baseline, weeks 12, 24, 48 and then every 24 weeks...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626420/restless-legs-syndrome-from-pathophysiology-to-clinical-diagnosis-and-management
#4
REVIEW
Shiyi Guo, Jinsha Huang, Haiyang Jiang, Chao Han, Jie Li, Xiaoyun Xu, Guoxin Zhang, Zhicheng Lin, Nian Xiong, Tao Wang
Restless legs syndrome (RLS), a common neurological sensorimotor disorder in western countries, has gained more and more attention in Asian countries. The prevalence of RLS is higher in older people and females. RLS is most commonly related to iron deficiency, pregnancy and uremia. The RLS symptoms show a significant circadian rhythm and a close relationship to periodic limb movements (PLMs) in clinical observations, while the pathophysiological pathways are still unknown. The diagnostic criteria have been revised in 2012 to improve the validity of RLS diagnosis...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626173/prevalence-of-right-to-left-shunts-in-japanese-patients-with-migraine-a-single-center-study
#5
Akio Iwasaki, Keisuke Suzuki, Hidehiro Takekawa, Ryotaro Takashima, Ayano Suzuki, Shiho Suzuki, Koichi Hirata
Objective Several studies have shown an increased prevalence of right-to-left shunt (RLs) in migraine patients, particularly those with aura. However, the prevalence of RLs and its relation to Japanese patients with migraine are unknown. We investigated the prevalence of RLs in Japanese patients with migraine. Methods In total, 112 consecutive patients with migraine were recruited from our headache outpatient clinic. Migraine with aura (MA) and migraine without aura (MWOA) were diagnosed according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition (beta-version)...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619186/ankle-brachial-index-and-peripheral-artery-disease-are-not-related-to%C3%A2-restless-legs-syndrome
#6
A Szentkirályi, H Völzke, W Hoffmann, M Dörr, H W Hense, K Berger
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the relationship between impaired peripheral arterial circulation as measured by ankle-brachial index (ABI) and restless legs syndrome (RLS) in the general population. METHODS: Data are derived from three independent, German population-based, prospective studies: the control sample of BiDirect (N = 966), the second follow-up of SHIP (N = 2333), and a subsample of SHIP-Trend (N = 1269). RLS was assessed with questions based on the RLS minimal criteria...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619185/high-prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-rls-wed-among-people-living-at-high-altitude-in-the-indian-himalaya
#7
Ravi Gupta, Jan Ulfberg, Richard P Allen, Deepak Goel
BACKGROUND: At high altitude, prevalence of restless legs syndrome has been found to be greater than expected in small population-based studies, which did not use validated tools for identification of RLS. However, it is not known as to whether this increased prevalence is associated with altitude or increased risk factors for RLS in these populations or errors in identification of RLS. METHOD: This population based, door-to-door study was conducted at low altitude (400 m above sea level) and high altitudes (1900-2000 m and 3200 m above sea level) using random stratified sampling in Himalayan and sub-Himalayan region of India...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616844/therapeutic-utility-of-opioids-for-restless-legs-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Susan E Mackie, John W Winkelman
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor neurologic disorder characterized by an unpleasant urge to move the legs, often accompanied by leg dysesthesias. Symptoms predominate in the evening or at night and often cause significant distress and disruption of sleep. Several non-opioid classes of drugs provide initial relief from the symptoms of RLS. Among these, however, the efficacy of dopamine agonists can wane over time or even paradoxically 'augment' the severity of symptoms during the course of long-term treatment...
June 14, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613034/torc1-mediated-sensing-of-chaperone-activity-alters-glucose-metabolism-and-extends-lifespan
#9
Matea Perić, Anita Lovrić, Ana Šarić, Marina Musa, Peter Bou Dib, Marina Rudan, Andrea Nikolić, Sandra Sobočanec, Ana-Matea Mikecin, Sven Dennerlein, Ira Milošević, Kristian Vlahoviček, Nuno Raimundo, Anita Kriško
Protein quality control mechanisms, required for normal cellular functioning, encompass multiple functions related to protein production and maintenance. However, the existence of communication between proteostasis and metabolic networks and its underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we report that enhanced chaperone activity and consequent improved proteostasis are sensed by TORC1 via the activity of Hsp82. Chaperone enrichment decreases the level of Hsp82, which deactivates TORC1 and leads to activation of Snf1/AMPK, regardless of glucose availability...
June 14, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606022/severity-and-frequency-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-patients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever
#10
Samet Yılmaz, Burhanettin Çiğdem, Şeyda Figül Gökçe, Sevil Ceyhan-Doğan, Hatice Balaban
OBJECTIVE: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sensory motor disorder. RLS an urge to move the extremities that may be accompanied by dysesthesias, and significantly affects quality of life of affected patients. The frequency of RLS is higher in different systemic inflammatory diseases. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited inflammatory disease characterized by attacks of polyserositis, arthritis, and fever. The prevalence of RLS in patients with FMF is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence rate of RLS in a sample of patients with FMF and compare this prevalence with that of a matched normal population...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604731/genome-wide-association-analysis-of-insomnia-complaints-identifies-risk-genes-and-genetic-overlap-with-psychiatric-and-metabolic-traits
#11
Anke R Hammerschlag, Sven Stringer, Christiaan A de Leeuw, Suzanne Sniekers, Erdogan Taskesen, Kyoko Watanabe, Tessa F Blanken, Kim Dekker, Bart H W Te Lindert, Rick Wassing, Ingileif Jonsdottir, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Hreinn Stefansson, Thorarinn Gislason, Klaus Berger, Barbara Schormair, Juergen Wellmann, Juliane Winkelmann, Kari Stefansson, Konrad Oexle, Eus J W Van Someren, Danielle Posthuma
Persistent insomnia is among the most frequent complaints in general practice. To identify genetic factors for insomnia complaints, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a genome-wide gene-based association study (GWGAS) in 113,006 individuals. We identify three loci and seven genes associated with insomnia complaints, with the associations for one locus and five genes supported by joint analysis with an independent sample (n = 7,565). Our top association (MEIS1, P < 5 × 10(-8)) has previously been implicated in restless legs syndrome (RLS)...
June 12, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600960/disability-from-pain-directly-correlated-with-depression-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Abdul Qayyum Rana, Abdul-Rahman M Qureshi, Nabiha Rehman, Aisha Mohammed, Zainab Sarfraz, Ruqqiyah Rana
OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressively debilitating disorder resulting in reduced quality of life (QoL). Along with the motor symptoms of PD, non-motor symptoms of PD such as pain, restless leg syndrome (RLS) depression also occur. These exacerbate the worsening QoL and must be promptly diagnosed and treated. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between pain severity, walking, general activity and work (WAW) and rapid eye movements (REM) dimensions of pain interference, and disability with depression and RLS in PD...
May 30, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598837/rhamnolipids-microbial-virulence-factors-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Eleni Andreadou, Anastasia A Pantazaki, Makrina Daniilidou, Magda Tsolaki
Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been attributed to chronic bacterial infections. The recognition of human microbiota as a substantial contributor to health and disease is relatively recent and growing. During evolution, mammals live in a symbiotic state with myriads of microorganisms that survive at a diversity of tissue micro-surroundings. Microbes produce a plethora of secretory products [amyloids, lipopolysaccharides, virulence factors rhamnolipids (RLs), toxins, and a great number of neuroactive compounds]...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587884/carbon-source-effects-on-the-mono-dirhamnolipid-ratio-produced-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-l05-a-new-human-respiratory-isolate
#14
Marco S Nicolò, Maria G Cambria, Giuseppe Impallomeni, Maria G Rizzo, Cinzia Pellicorio, Alberto Ballistreri, Salvatore P P Guglielmino
Pseudomonas strains produce rhamnolipid mixtures (RLs) that generally consist of one or two molecules of rhamnose linked to one or two molecules of 3-hydroxyalkanoic acid. This study evaluates carbon source effects (glycerol, glucose, myristic acid, and Brassica carinata oil) on the synthesis of monorhamnolipids (mono-RLs) versus dirhamnolipids (di-RLs) in a human isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAL05. Spectrophotometry, an emulsifying index (E24) test, and an orcinol assay confirmed the production of RLs by PAL05...
June 3, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568903/multidisciplinary-assessment-of-pfo-with-substantial-right-to-left-shunting-and-medium-term-follow-up-after-pfo-device-closure-a-single-center-experience
#15
Lu He, Ge-Sheng Cheng, Ya-Juan Du, Yu-Shun Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To describe the multidisciplinary assessment of patent foramen ovale (PFO) with substantial right-to-left shunting (RLS) and medium-term follow-up after PFO closure for stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). BACKGROUND: PFO closure is a therapeutic option to prevent recurrent ischemic event in patients with cryptogenic stroke and TIA. The apparent lack of benefit seen in previous studies was in part due to the inclusion of patients with alternate mechanisms of stroke/TIA...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568901/the-replicative-lifespan-extending-deletion-of-sgf73-results-in-altered-ribosomal-gene-expression-in-yeast
#16
Amanda G Mason, Renee M Garza, Mark A McCormick, Bhumil Patel, Brian K Kennedy, Lorraine Pillus, Albert R La Spada
Sgf73, a core component of SAGA, is the yeast orthologue of ataxin-7, which undergoes CAG-polyglutamine repeat expansion leading to the human neurodegenerative disease spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7). Deletion of SGF73 dramatically extends replicative lifespan (RLS) in yeast. To further define the basis for Sgf73-mediated RLS extension, we performed ChIP-Seq, identified 388 unique genomic regions occupied by Sgf73, and noted enrichment in promoters of ribosomal protein (RP)-encoding genes. Of 388 Sgf73 binding sites, 33 correspond to 5' regions of genes implicated in RLS extension, including 20 genes encoding RPs...
May 31, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567500/treatment-of-sleep-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
REVIEW
Amy W Amara, Lana M Chahine, Aleksandar Videnovic
Impaired sleep and alertness affect the majority of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, negatively impacting safety and quality of life. The etiology of impaired sleep-wake cycle in PD is multifactorial and encompasses medication side effects, nocturnal PD motor symptoms, and presence of co-existent sleep and neuropsychiatric disorders. The primary neurodegenerative process of PD involves brain regions that regulate the sleep-wake cycle, such as brainstem and hypothalamic nuclei. Sleep disorders in PD include insomnia, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), sleep disordered breathing (SDB), restless legs syndrome (RLS), and circadian disruption...
July 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559087/not-only-limbs-in-atypical-restless-legs-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
Alessandra Turrini, Alberto Raggi, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, Paolo Martinelli, Raffaele Ferri, Federica Provini
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) typically affects the limbs, but the involvement of other body parts has also been reported. In this essay, we critically review all literature reports of atypical RLS cases with unusual localizations. Applying the updated diagnostic criteria of the International restless legs syndrome study group (IRLSSG), which also consider symptoms localized outside of the lower limbs, a few of these atypical cases reported in the previous literature resulted in a definitive diagnosis of RLS...
April 4, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557538/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-adult-patients-with-primary-restless-legs-syndrome-different-phenotypes-of-the-same-disease
#19
Imad Ghorayeb, Ashley Gamas, Zoé Mazurie, Willy Mayo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms in adult patients with primary restless legs syndrome (RLS) and to determine the iron biological correlates of these comorbidities. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We obtained demographic and clinical data from consecutive 105 outpatients with idiopathic RLS who answered validated questionnaires designed to assess the presence of ADHD and OCD symptoms...
May 30, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548894/switching-from-an-oral-dopamine-receptor-agonist-to-rotigotine-transdermal-patch-a-review-of-clinical-data-with-a-focus-on-patient-perspective
#20
Sun Ju Chung, Mahnaz Asgharnejad, Lars Bauer, Arturo Benitez, Babak Boroojerdi, Tanja Heidbrede, Allison Little, Han Joon Kim
Dopamine receptor agonists (DAs) are commonly used to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) and restless legs syndrome (RLS). In certain situations, switching from oral DAs to rotigotine transdermal patch may be beneficial for the patient (e.g., optimal symptom control/side effects/perioperative management, preference for once-daily/non-oral administration, RLS augmentation treatment). Areas covered: This narrative review summarizes available data on DA dose equivalency, dose conversions, switching schedules, safety, tolerability, efficacy and patient treatment preferences of switching from oral DAs to rotigotine (and vice versa) in patients with PD/RLS...
May 26, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
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