Read by QxMD icon Read


Ana Marques, Michela Figorilli, Bruno Pereira, Philippe Derost, Berengere Debilly, Patricia Beudin, Tiphaine Vidal, Franck Durif, Maria Livia Fantini
BACKGROUND: Although dopamine replacement therapy is the main risk factor for the occurrence of Impulse Control Disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson's disease (PD), non-pharmacological risk factors for have also been identified in that population and sleep disorders could be part of them. Our objective is to determine whether Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS), that has been associated with more impulsive choices in general population regardless of dopaminergic therapy, could be associated with a specific psycho-behavioral profile and ICDs in PD...
March 1, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Dae-Gwan Yi, Sujin Hong, Won-Ki Huh
Mitochondrial dysfunction leads to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which is associated with cellular dysfunction, disease etiology, and senescence. Here, we used the eukaryotic model Saccharomyces cerevisiae, commonly studied for cellular aging, to demonstrate how defective mitochondrial function affects yeast replicative lifespan (RLS). We show that RLS of respiratory-deficient cells decreases significantly, indicating that the maintenance of RLS requires active respiration. The shortening of RLS due to mitochondrial dysfunction was not related to the accumulation of extrachromosomal ribosomal DNA circles, a well-known cause of aging in yeast...
2018: PloS One
Hideaki Kondo, Keiko Tanio, Yuki Nagaura, Mako Nagayoshi, Chikage Mitoma, Masutaka Furue, Takahiro Maeda
PURPOSE: Patients with Yusho, a condition caused by exposure to dioxins and dioxin-like compounds, have diverse mental and physical complaints. However, the relationship between dioxins and sleep disorders has not yet been examined. This cross-sectional study was designed to investigate problems associated with sleep among patients with Yusho. METHODS: A total of 140 participants (52.9% men, average age: 67.1 ± 12.2 years) were examined using questionnaires and medical interviews by an expert on sleep medicine...
June 13, 2018: Environmental Research
Priyadarshani Galappatthy, Chiranthi Kongala Liyanage, Marianne Nishani Lucas, Dilini T L M Jayasekara, Sachith Aloka Abhayaratna, Chamari Weeraratne, Kusum De Abrew, Padma Sriyani Gunaratne, Ranjani Gamage, Chandrika N Wijeyaratne
BACKGROUND: Management of epilepsy during pregnancy in a resource-limited setting (RLS) is challenging. This study aimed to assess obstetric outcomes and effects on babies of women with epilepsy (WWE) exposed to Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) compared to non-exposed controls in a RLS. METHODS: Pregnant WWE were recruited from antenatal and neurology clinics of a tertiary care hospitals in Sri Lanka. Patients were reviewed in each trimester and post-partum. Medication adherence, adverse effects, seizure control and carbamazepine blood levels were monitored...
June 14, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
In Cheol Hwang, Kyoung-Sae Na, Yu Jin Lee, Seung-Gul Kang
Objective: This study investigated the proposed association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and the prevalence of hypertension. Methods: A meta-analysis was conducted based on searches of the PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Korean electronic databases. Cohort and cross-sectional studies reporting the incidence of hypertension in individuals with RLS were included. Dichotomous data were pooled to obtain an odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the prevalence of hypertension in individuals with RLS...
June 15, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Marjorie C McCullagh
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder contributing to worker absenteeism, decline in productivity, and employer costs. Identification of workers at risk for RLS can contribute to improved worker sleep, safety, and quality of life.
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Mónica M Kurtis, Roberta Balestrino, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Maria João Forjaz, Pablo Martinez-Martin
Patients with movement disorders have a high prevalence of sleep disturbances that can be classified as (1) nocturnal sleep symptoms, such as insomnia, nocturia, restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movements (PLM), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and REM sleep behavior disorder; and (2) diurnal problems that include excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep attacks. The objective of this review is to provide a practical overview of the most relevant scales that assess these disturbances to guide the choice of the most useful instrument/s depending on the line of research or clinical focus...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Mohd Sajid Ali, Hamad A Al-Lohedan
For determining the pharmacological properties of medicinal compounds, their binding with serum albumins is very crucial. Herein, we have selected safranal, a major constituent of saffron which is known to retain a number of medicinal properties including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, tumoricidal, anti-genotoxic, and anti-aging activities; and studied its mechanism of binding with human serum albumin at physiological pH using various spectroscopic methods along with computational approach using molecular docking...
May 29, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Sara Mazzucco, Linxin Li, Lucy Binney, Peter M Rothwell
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been shown to be superior to medical treatment alone for prevention of recurrent stroke after cryptogenic transient ischaemic attack or non-disabling stroke in patients aged 60 years or younger. The justification for trials in older patients with transient ischaemic attack or stroke depends on whether PFO is shown to be associated with cryptogenic events at older ages, for which existing evidence is conflicting, and on the population burden of PFO-associated events...
June 6, 2018: Lancet Neurology
Ashish H Shah, Mark Osten, Lee Benson, Sami Alnasser, Yvonne Bach, Rohan Vishwanath, Alex Van De Bruaene, Healey Shulman, Jeneka Navaranjan, Rafique Khan, Eric Horlick
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of persistently positive results on agitated saline contrast injection after patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure, the underlying mechanism, and management. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter intervention to close a PFO is reasonable in highly selected patients younger than 60 years, after a thorough cardioneurological investigation following a cryptogenic stroke, particularly in the presence of thromboembolic disease or in patients at high risk for venous thrombosis...
June 11, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Zou Ding, Romana Stehlik, Jan Hedner, Jan Ulfberg, Ludger Grote
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies suggest an increased prevalence of chronic pain conditions and restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients with chronic pulmonary disease (CPD). We analyzed the prevalence and risk factors for pain and RLS in a population-based sample of females with comorbid CPD. METHOD: Questionnaire-based data from 2745 women aged 18-64 years were analyzed regarding comorbid CPD status (severe bronchitis, emphysema, asthma). Pain status was assessed according to symptoms reflecting severity (Visual Analogue Scale, VAS rating 0-10) and duration and spreading (limited spread or widespread) of pain...
June 4, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Marco Hermesdorf, Benedikt Sundermann, Rajesh Rawal, András Szentkirályi, Udo Dannlowski, Klaus Berger
Objective: Previous studies on patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) yielded inconclusive results in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based analyses of alterations of subcortical structures in the brain. The aim of this study was to compare volumes as well as shapes of subcortical structures and the hippocampus between RLS cases and controls. Additionally, the associations between the genetic risks for RLS and subcortical volumes were investigated. Methods: We compared volumetric as well as shape differences assessed by 3 T MRI in the caudate nucleus, hippocampus, globus pallidus, putamen, and thalamus in 39 RLS cases versus 117 controls, nested within a population-based sample...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Thu T Doan, Brian B Koo, Rachel P Ogilvie, Susan Redline, Pamela L Lutsey
Study Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of concurrent periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) and restless leg syndrome (RLS), as well as the prevalence of PLMS and RLS separately. Additionally, we document these prevalences by age, race/ethnicity, sex, and obesity status. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 2,041 Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Sleep ancillary study participants were used. PLMS (>15 periodic limb movements per hour of sleep) was measured by polysomnography...
June 1, 2018: Sleep
Sophia Stephanie Steinke, Claudia Trenkwalder, Johannes Zimmermann, Friederike Sixel-Döring, Maria-Lucia Muntean
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Augmentation can occur frequently in restless legs syndrome (RLS) patients treated with dopaminergic agents. Video-polysomnographic (PSG) data from augmented RLS patients are scant. The aim of this study was to evaluate PSG findings in augmented RLS patients and compare them with those of non-augmented RLS patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Valid PSG data were analyzed from 99 augmented and 84 non-augmented RLS inpatients who underwent one night PSG...
May 5, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Yasmina Tashkent, Vinod Aiyappan
Dopamine agonists such as pramipexole are commonly used in the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS) as well as Parkinson's disease. Pramipexole's common side effects are well documented; however, adverse skin reactions are less well known. In this case, a 45-year-old male farmer presented with excessive daytime tiredness and reported a history suggestive of RLS. He was initiated on pramipexole but developed a maculopapular erythematous rash in sun-exposed areas 8 days after its commencement. The skin rash resolved following pramipexole's cessation and it is thought the patient experienced a drug-induced photosensitivity reaction to pramipexole...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Kosuke Tanioka, Mutsumi Okura, Manami Inoue, Koh-Ichiro Taniguchi, Mitsutaka Taniguchi, Toshiaki Hamano, Naoko Tachibana
OBJECTIVES: Preventing augmentation is the critical clinical issue for RLS treatment. As for augmentation in Asian RLS patients, there have been only four studies and the follow-up durations of these studies were not long. We investigated Japanese RLS patients with longer duration of treatment in a clinical setting. METHODS: This study is a retrospective assessment of 42 RLS patients with follow-up durations of longer than 18 months (78.4 ± 29.2, range 19-139) at two urban sleep centers in Osaka, Japan from May 2004 to April 2014...
May 29, 2018: Neurological Sciences
John W Winkelman, Mark J Jaros
OBJECTIVES: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a sensory-motor disorder which produces sleep disturbance. Using data from a large clinical trial of gabapentin enacarbil (GEn) we sought to assess the ability of baseline, and changes from baseline, in clinical trial endpoints to predict treatment response. METHODS: Data were derived from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover polysomnography study of gabapentin enacarbil 1200 mg (n = 121) or placebo (n = 123)...
April 25, 2018: Sleep Medicine
X Q Li, P Yuan, W J Ma, G Z Liu
Objective: To investigate the pathogenesis of young and middle-aged stroke patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO) by analyzing clinical characteristics. Methods: Data of 298 consecutive young and middle-aged patients diagnosed as stroke were retrospectively collected from Department of Neurology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2010 to January 2017.Patients were divided into cryptogenic stroke (CS) group and not-CS group.Risk factors, characteristics of PFO and infarct of imaging were analyzed between two groups...
May 22, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Chan-Hyuk Lee, Hyun Goo Kang, Ji Sung Lee, Han Uk Ryu, Seul-Ki Jeong
PURPOSE: Right-to-left shunt (RLS) through a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is likely associated with ischemic stroke. Many studies have attempted to demonstrate the association between RLS and ischemic stroke. However, information on the association between the degree of RLS and the subtypes of ischemic stroke categorized by the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) classification is lacking. METHOD: This was a retrospective study involving 508 patients with ischemic stroke who underwent a transcranial Doppler (TCD) microbubble test between 2013 and 2015...
July 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Angela Margaret Evans, Trupti Berde, Leila Karimi, Prajakta Ranade, Nehal Shah, Raju Khubchandani
Paediatric leg pains, long described as 'growing pains', frequently present to clinicians, are prevalent in early childhood, disrupt sleep, and distress affected children and parents. There are many cited associations, but no defined leg pain sub-types, nor revealed predictive factors. We explored the implicated factors (viz. foot arches, foot strength, joint mobility, vitamin D, iron) in children with leg pain versus a control group. Leg pain sub-groups-growing pains (GP), restless legs (RLS), both (mixed)-are defined for the first time...
May 24, 2018: Rheumatology International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"