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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715946/sleep-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-young-child-psychiatric-outpatients
#1
Hanna Huhdanpää, Liisa Klenberg, Hannu Westerinen, Tuija Fontell, Eeva T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Sleep may underlie psychiatric symptoms in young children. However, not many studies have reported on sleep and its associations with symptoms in young child psychiatric patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the amount and quality of sleep and how sleep associates with psychiatric symptoms in young child psychiatric patients. Furthermore, we evaluated how sleep and daytime somnolence differed in patients and their age- and gender-matched controls. METHOD: The sample consisted of 139 3- to 7-year-old child psychiatric outpatients and 139 age- and gender-matched controls from community...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715272/face-to-face-versus-online-behavioral-parent-training-for-young-children-at-risk-for-adhd-treatment-engagement-and-outcomes
#2
George J DuPaul, Lee Kern, Georgia Belk, Beth Custer, Molly Daffner, Andrea Hatfield, Daniel Peek
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with significant challenges in child functioning. Although behavioral parent training (BPT) can reduce ADHD symptoms, factors associated with traditional face-to-face (F2F) delivery results in only about half of families receiving BPT. The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial was to examine parent engagement and program acceptability of F2F and online BPT, as well as the efficacy of both formats relative to a waitlist control (WLC) group...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711467/retrospective-study-of-jellyfish-envenomation-in-emergency-wards-in-guadeloupe-between-2010-and-2016-when-to-diagnose-irukandji-syndrome
#3
Djoudi Bouyer-Monot, Stéphane Pelczar, Serge Ferracci, Denis Boucaud-Maitre
BACKGROUND: In Guadeloupe (French West Indies), many marine envenomation cases by jellyfish are observed. Some of them might induce an Irukandji syndrome (IS). The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical features of IS from the envenomation cases in the two public hospitals in Guadeloupe, and to compare them to non-IS stings. METHODS: All jellyfish envenomation cases between the 1st of January 2010 and the 1st of September 2016, from the emergencies data-base, have been extracted...
July 12, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711423/randomized-trial-of-intelligent-sensor-system-for-early-illness-alerts-in-senior-housing
#4
Marilyn Rantz, Lorraine J Phillips, Colleen Galambos, Kari Lane, Gregory L Alexander, Laurel Despins, Richelle J Koopman, Marjorie Skubic, Lanis Hicks, Steven Miller, Andy Craver, Bradford H Harris, Chelsea B Deroche
OBJECTIVES: Measure the clinical effectiveness and cost effectiveness of using sensor data from an environmentally embedded sensor system for early illness recognition. This sensor system has demonstrated in pilot studies to detect changes in function and in chronic diseases or acute illnesses on average 10 days to 2 weeks before usual assessment methods or self-reports of illness. DESIGN: Prospective intervention study in 13 assisted living (AL) communities of 171 residents randomly assigned to intervention (n=86) or comparison group (n=85) receiving usual care...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711254/effect-of-maternal-exercise-on-calf-dry-matter-intake-weight-gain-behavior-and-cortisol-concentrations-at-disbudding-and-weaning
#5
R A Black, B K Whitlock, P D Krawczel
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of maternal physical activity during late gestation on calf dry matter intake, weight gain, behavior, and cortisol concentration during disbudding and weaning. Fifty-five Holstein and 5 Jersey × Holstein crossbred calves were enrolled into the study during gestation. Calves were born from pregnant, nonlactating Holstein (n = 58) and Jersey × Holstein crossbred (n = 2) dairy cows. Cows were assigned to either confinement (n = 20 cows; 13 female calves, 7 male calves), exercise (n = 20 cows; 8 female calves, 12 male calves), or pasture (n = 20 cows; 11 female calves, 9 male calves) treatments at dry-off from January to November 2015...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708753/effectiveness-of-preoperative-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-compared-with-oral-midazolam-for-the-prevention-of-emergence-delirium-in-the-pediatric-patient-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#6
James FitzSimons, Laura S Bonanno, Stephanie Pierce, Jennifer Badeaux
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is defined as a cognitive disturbance during emergence from general anesthesia resulting in hallucinations, delusions and confusion manifested by agitation, restlessness, involuntary physical movement and extreme flailing in bed. Postoperative emergence delirium develops in 12% to 18% of all children undergoing general anesthesia for surgery. This post-anesthetic phenomenon changes cognitive and psychomotor behavior, and puts pediatric patients and health care personnel at risk of injury...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701993/no-impaired-glucose-tolerance-in-primary-insomnia-patients-with-normal-results-of-polysomnography
#7
Johanna Tschepp, Christoph J Lauer, Johanna Wilde-Frenz, Thomas Pollmächer
BACKGROUND: According to recent studies, sleep restriction and disruption both have a prominent negative influence on glucose metabolism. This could also be shown in sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea and the restless legs syndrome. However, similar studies regarding insomnia have not been that consistent, yet. Moreover, most previous studies did not include objective polysomnography (PSG) data. METHODS: Patients with primary insomnia (N = 17) and healthy controls (N = 15) were investigated using psychometric tests such as the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699332/prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-migraine-patients-a-case-control-study-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-restless-legs-syndrome-in-migraine-patients
#8
Mariarosaria Valente, Francesco Janes, Valentina Russo, Augusto Fontana, Alessia Travanut, Martina Sommaro, Giessica Canal, Carolina Gentile, Gian Luigi Gigli
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder. It can be idiopathic, associated to other diseases or to pharmacologic treatments. RLS has been reported to occur more frequently in migraine patients, but a clear pathogenetic link seems still under debate. We aimed to evaluate RLS prevalence in migraine, impact on sleep quality and the main clinical determinants of this association. METHODS: Migraine patients and age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled from 1(st) January 2011 to 30(th) December 2012...
July 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695622/sleep-disturbance-by-pramipexole-is-modified-by-meis1-in-mice
#9
Aaro V Salminen, Barbara Schormair, Cornelia Flachskamm, Miguel Torres, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Mayumi Kimura, Juliane Winkelmann
Meis homeobox 1 (Meis1) is a transcription factor functioning in the development of the nervous system and the cardiovascular system. Both common and rare variants within the gene have been associated with restless legs syndrome (RLS), while its association with symptoms of insomnia has also been discovered recently. RLS is associated with sleep disturbances, and while Meis1 haploinsufficiency is one of the most promising strategies for an RLS animal model, sleep phenotyping of Meis1 knockout mice has never been conducted...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695535/single-and-multiple-dose-pharmacokinetics-safety-and-tolerability-of-lurasidone-in-healthy-chinese-subjects
#10
Chaoying Hu, Yijun Wang, Rong Song, Chen Yu, Xiaoyan Luo, Jingying Jia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The pharmacokinetics of lurasidone have been studied in healthy Japanese and Caucasian subjects, but not in Chinese subjects. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of oral lurasidone in healthy Chinese subjects. METHODS: This single-center, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, and double-blind study evaluated the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of oral lurasidone administered as a single dose (20, 40, and 80 mg) and multiple doses for 5 days (40 mg administered once daily) in healthy Chinese subjects...
July 10, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689637/measurement-of-flow-of-thought-in-68-patients-monitored-in-post-emergency-outpatient-consultations-role-of-ideational-turmoil-in-the-anxiety-depressive-symptomatology
#11
J Vandevoorde, A Sanchez Valero, E Baudoin, S Kamar, B Chabert, T Baudoin
INTRODUCTION: Rumination, cognitive control deficits, cognitive saturation, and loss of inhibition are the major hypotheses used to explain depressive disorders. A few studies have nevertheless looked at the form of thought. In this study, we will test a double measurement of the number of thoughts and a double measurement of the flow of thought together with their correlation with well-being, mental pain, and depression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between May and September 2015, 68 subjects, initially admitted as emergencies for acute anxiety depressive disorders and/or suicide attempts and subsequently monitored as post-emergency outpatients in medico-psychological consultations agreed to complete a set of Visual Analogue Scales measuring their well-being, their mental pain, their estimated number of thoughts and the how agitated these thoughts are estimated to be...
July 6, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686693/ivermectin-treatment-of-loa-loa-hyper-microfilaraemic-baboons-papio-anubis-assessment-of-microfilarial-loads-haematological-and-biochemical-parameters-and-histopathological-changes-following-treatment
#12
Samuel Wanji, Ebanga-Echi J Eyong, Nicholas Tendongfor, Che J Ngwa, Elive N Esuka, Arnaud J Kengne-Ouafo, Fabrice R Datchoua-Poutcheu, Peter Enyong, Dalen Agnew, Rob R Eversole, Adrian Hopkins, Charles D Mackenzie
BACKGROUND: Individuals with high intensity of Loa loa are at risk of developing serious adverse events (SAEs) post treatment with ivermectin. These SAEs have remained unclear and a programmatic impediment to the advancement of community directed treatment with ivermectin. The pathogenesis of these SAEs following ivermectin has never been investigated experimentally. The Loa/baboon (Papio anubis) model can be used to investigate the pathogenesis of Loa-associated encephalopathy following ivermectin treatment in humans...
July 7, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682991/the-effect-of-cold-dialysis-in-motor-and-sensory-symptoms-of-rls-wed-occurring-during-hemodialysis-a-double-blind-study
#13
Giorgos K Sakkas, Evaggelia Tsaknaki, Clara S Rosa, Christoforos D Giannaki, Argyro A Krase, Eleftherios Lavdas, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, Ioannis Stefanidis, Christina Karatzaferi
Restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) is a common sensorimotory disorder affecting almost 30% of hemodialysis (HD) patients. RLS/WED induces discomfort during rest hours, and its symptoms have also been observed during HD sessions. Anecdotal reports suggest that cooling the dialysate solution during dialysis could help patients overcome those symptoms and improve restlessness. The aim of this double-blind study was to assess whether a reduction of the dialysate temperature by 1°C could reduce motor and sensory symptoms of RLS/WED occurring during HD...
July 4, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681310/brainstem-reflexes-are-hyperactive-in-patients-with-drug-induced-akathisia
#14
Baris Metin, Sinem Zeynep Metin, Aysegul Gunduz, Burc Cagri Poyraz, Mine Ozmen, Gunes Kiziltan, Meral E Kiziltan
Akathisia is a sensori-motor phenomenon which is generally encountered as an adverse effect of antidopaminergic medications suggesting involvement of dopaminergic pathways. We recently showed nociceptive flexor reflex was altered in akathisia as compared to restless legs syndrome and therefore, these findings may indicate co-involvement of pathways other than dopaminergic ones. To examine functional status of different pathways, we investigated auditory startle reflex (ASR), startle response to somatosensory input (SSS), and trigemino-cervical reflex (TCR) in a group of patients with akathisia...
July 5, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680768/restless-legs-syndrome-with-augmentation-successfully-treated-with-iv-iron
#15
Vincent LaBarbera, Lynn Marie Trotti, David Rye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673670/complete-recovery-of-restless-legs-syndrome-after-unilateral-thalamic-and-tegmental-infarction-a-case-report
#16
Julien Cogez, Espartaco Ribeiro, Vincent de La Sayette, Fausto Viader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671595/anti-obesity-effect-of-the-above-ground-part-of-valeriana-dageletiana-nakai-ex-f-maek-extract-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-c57bl-6n-mice
#17
Zhiqiang Wang, Seung Hwan Hwang, Ju Hee Kim, Soon Sung Lim
Valeriana dageletiana Nakai ex F. Maek (VD) has been used as traditional medicine for the treatment of restlessness and sleeping disorders. However, it is still unclear whether obesity in mice can be altered by diet supplementation with VD. In this study, we first investigated the influences of VD on the accumulation of lipid content in 3T3-L1 cells; and the results showed that the above-ground VD extracts (VDAE) suppressed the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in a concentration-dependent manner without cytotoxicity...
July 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670126/prognostic-value-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Jing Li, Tao Zhang, Qingmiao Shao
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed that restless legs syndrome (RLS) not only is frequently prevalent in dialysis patients but also increases the risk of death in dialysis patients, especially in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, inconsistent results also still exist, having attracted confusion and discussion. Owing to mixed and inconclusive results, we conducted to perform the comprehensive meta-analysis to evaluate the potential prognostic value of RLS in HD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search using electronic databases (PubMed, Ovid, Embase and Web of Science) to identify relevant studies reporting on all-cause mortality and cardiovascular (CV) events in HD patients suffering from RLS...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669082/accompanying-migrainous-features-in-pediatric-migraine-patients-with-restless-legs-syndrome
#19
Melis Sohtaoğlu Sevindik, Seden Demirci, Baki Göksan, Aynur Özge, Feray Karaali Savrun, Hatice Onur, Veli Yıldırım, Ismail Simsek, Harika Ozhan, Derya Uludüz
The present study aimed to examine the frequency of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in pediatric patients with migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) and to investigate accompanying migrainous symptoms, sleep characteristics, as well as levels of serum ferritin between the pediatric migraine patients with RLS and those without RLS. We included 65 consecutive patients diagnosed with migraine, 20 patients with TTH, and 97 headache-free children in our study. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were noted...
July 1, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664035/neurophysiological-mechanisms-of-circadian-cognitive-control-in-rls-patients-an-eeg-source-localization-study
#20
Rui Zhang, Moritz D Brandt, Wiebke Schrempf, Christian Beste, Ann-Kathrin Stock
The circadian variation of sensory and motor symptoms with increasing severity in the evening and at night is a key diagnostic feature/symptom of the restless legs syndrome (RLS). Even though many neurological diseases have shown a strong nexus between motor and cognitive symptoms, it has remained unclear whether cognitive performance of RLS patients declines in the evening and which neurophysiological mechanisms are affected by the circadian variation. In the current study, we examined daytime effects (morning vs...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
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