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Middle Skull Base

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922880/a-side-door-to-meckel-s-cave-anatomic-feasibility-study-for-the-lateral-transorbital-approach
#1
Blake Harrison Priddy, Cristian Ferrareze Nunes, Andre Beer-Furlan, Ricardo Carrau, Iacopo Dallan, Daniel Monte-Serrat Prevedello
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, endoscopic skull base surgery has significantly developed and generated a plethora of techniques and approaches for access to the cranial ventral floor. However, the exploration for the least-aggressive, maximally efficient approach continues. OBJECTIVE: To describe in detail an anatomical study, along with the technical nuances of a novel endoscopic approach to Meckel's Cave (MC) using a lateral transorbital (LTO) route. METHODS: Eighteen orbits of injected cadaveric specimens were operated on, using an endoscopic LTO approach to MC, middle cranial fossa, and paramedian skull base preserving the orbital rim...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922245/a-craniometric-analysis-of-cranial-base-and-cranial-vault-differences-in-patients-with-metopic-craniosynostosis
#2
Sanjay Naran, Daniel Mazzaferro, Ari Wes, Arastoo Vossough, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
PURPOSE: The effect of synostosis is not confined to the immediate vicinity of the suture. The authors hypothesized metopic craniosynostosis results in migration of lateral structures from midline, and differences in segmental volume of the cranial fossa. METHODS: A retrospective case-controlled cohort analysis of patients with nonsyndromic metopic craniosynostosis was performed. Craniometric angles, distances to landmarks from midline, cephalic index, and segmented volume ratios were calculated...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914866/-extended-endoscopic-endonasal-posterior-transclival-approach-to-tumors-of-the-clival-region-and-ventral-posterior-cranial-fossa-part-1-topographic-and-anatomical-features-of-the-clivus-and-adjacent-structures
#3
A N Shkarubo, K V Koval', G F Dobrovol'skiy, M A Shkarubo, V V Karnaukhov, B A Kadashev, D N Andreev, I V Chernov, O A Gadzhieva, O Yu Aleshkina, E A Anisimova, P L Kalinin, M A Kutin, D V Fomichev, O I Sharipov, D B Ismailov, E S Selivanov
OBJECTIVE: to describe the main topographic and anatomical features of the clival region and its adjacent structures for improvement and optimization of the extended endoscopic endonasal posterior (transclival) approach for resection of tumors of the clival region and ventral posterior cranial fossa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a craniometric study of 125 human skulls and a topographic anatomical study of heads of 25 cadavers, the arterial and venous bed of which was stained with colored silicone (the staining technique was developed by the authors) to visualize bed features and individual variability...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887285/the-occipital-artery-as-an-alternative-donor-for-low-flow-bypass-to-anterior-circulation-after-ica-occlusion-failure-prior-to-exenteration-for-an-atypical-cavernous-sinus-meningioma-a-technical-case-report
#4
Shunya Hanakita, Stéphanie Lenck, Moujahed Labidi, Kentaro Watanabe, Damien Bresson, Sébastien Froelich
BACKGROUND: and Importance: In skull-base tumors involving the cavernous sinus (CS), indications for aggressive resection are sparse and must be carefully examined because of their invasiveness. With careful evaluation, techniques including internal carotid artery (ICA) sacrifice with or without extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass may still be an option in some cases. In addition, previous surgery with the sacrifice of potential donor vessels requires adjusting the revascularization strategy...
September 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885438/a-volumetric-and-craniometric-analysis-of-cranial-base-differences-in-unicoronal-craniosynostosis
#5
Daniel M Mazzaferro, Ari M Wes, Sanjay Naran, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
BACKGROUND: The authors hypothesized that patients with unicoronal craniosynostosis (UCS) have deviation of the vault, cranial base, and face resulting in significant differences in skull base morphology and segmental cranial vault volume relative to nonaffected controls. METHODS: Unicoronal craniosynostosis patients were collected from the authors' IRB-approved, prospective, craniofacial registry; controls were from a trauma registry. Mimics software was used to compare those with UCS to controls for a series of standardized craniometric angles and distances...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875046/ganglioneuroma-of-the-external-auditory-canal-and-middle-ear
#6
Hesham Saleh Almofada, Michael Steven Timms, M Anas Dababo
OBJECTIVE: We report an extremely rare case of ganglioneuroma involving the external auditory canal and middle ear. CASE REPORT: Ganglioneuromas are rare benign mature tumors thought to originate from sympathetic ganglions, with the highest incidence in the retroperitoneum, adrenal medulla, and posterior mediastinum. We present a case of ganglioneuroma of the external auditory canal and middle ear. At the age of 12 months, the patient was diagnosed with neuroblastoma stage IV with metastasis to the squamous temporal bone, bone marrow, and skull base...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868197/combined-simultaneous-transcranial-and-endoscopic-endonasal-resection-of-sphenoorbital-meningioma-extending-into-the-sphenoid-sinus-pterygopalatine-fossa-and-infratemporal-fossa
#7
Masahide Matsuda, Hiroyoshi Akutsu, Shuho Tanaka, Akira Matsumura
BACKGROUND: Sphenoorbital meningiomas are surgically challenging because of their nature to extend to adjacent structures. Here, we describe a case of recurrent sphenoorbital meningioma extending into the sphenoid sinus, pterygopalatine fossa, and infratemporal fossa, which was resected using combined simultaneous transcranial and endoscopic endonasal approaches. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 62-year-old man who had 15 years earlier undergone partial resection of a left sphenoorbital meningioma presented with a 1-year history of progressive proptosis of the left eye...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867323/endoscopic-middle-cranial-fossa-reconstruction-via-a-subtemporal-keyhole-a-technical-note
#8
Fuminari Komatsu, Masaaki Imai, Akihiro Hirayama, Naokazu Hayashi, Shinri Oda, Masami Shimoda, Mitsunori Matsumae
BACKGROUND: Skull base reconstruction is an essential technique for repairing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. A reliable method for middle cranial fossa (MCF) reconstruction with minimal invasiveness has not been reported. An initial case of endoscopic MCF reconstruction via a subtemporal keyhole is described. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 57-year-old man developed severe meningitis and was diagnosed with spontaneous CSF leakage from bone defects on the tegmen tympani...
August 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862550/voxel-based-lesion-mapping-of-meningioma-a-comprehensive-lesion-location-mapping-of-260-lesions
#9
Ryuichi Hirayama, Manabu Kinoshita, Hideyuki Arita, Naoki Kagawa, Haruhiko Kishima, Naoya Hashimoto, Yasunori Fujimoto, Toshiki Yoshimine
OBJECTIVE In the present study the authors aimed to determine preferred locations of meningiomas by avoiding descriptive analysis and instead using voxel-based lesion mapping and 3D image-rendering techniques. METHODS Magnetic resonance images obtained in 248 treatment-naïve meningioma patients with 260 lesions were retrospectively and consecutively collected. All images were registered to a 1-mm isotropic, high-resolution, T1-weighted brain atlas provided by the Montreal Neurological Institute (the MNI152), and a lesion frequency map was created, followed by 3D volume rendering to visualize the preferred locations of meningiomas in 3D...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846790/can-lateral-nasopharyngeal-radiographs-be-used-to-predict-eustachian-tube-dysfunction
#10
Karen Hawley, Neil Vachhani, Samantha Anne
The objective of our case-control study was to determine whether craniofacial features on lateral nasopharyngeal radiographs (LNPRs) can predict eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). The study included patients seen in the otolaryngology clinic from 2005 to 2011. Patients 0 to 10 years old with pressure equalization tube (PET) placement and LNPR within 6 months were included. Measurements were compared with age-matched controls selected at random to identify craniofacial features associated with ETD. Using receiver operating curve methodology, selected measurements were used to correlate age, craniofacial features, and ETD...
August 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838109/endoscopic-endonasal-interdural-middle-fossa-approach-to-the-maxillary-nerve-anatomic-considerations-and-surgical-relevance
#11
Kumar Abhinav, David Panczykowski, Wei-Hsin Wang, Carl H Synderman, Paul A Gardner, Eric W Wang, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda
BACKGROUND: The maxillary nerve (V2) can be approached via the open middle fossa approach. OBJECTIVE: To delineate the anatomy of V2 and its specific segments with respect to the endonasal landmarks. We present the endoscopic endonasal interdural middle fossa approach to V2 and its potential application for the treatment of perineural spread in sinonasal/skull base tumors. METHODS: Five human head silicon-injected specimens underwent bilateral endoscopic endonasal transpterygoid approaches...
August 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816690/complications-of-the-middle-cranial-fossa-approach-for-acoustic-neuroma-removal
#12
Matthias Scheich, Christian Ginzkey, Desiree Ehrmann Müller, Wafaa Shehata Dieler, Rudolf Hagen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze postoperative complications after microsurgery for acoustic neuroma (AN) via the middle fossa approach (MFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 203 consecutive patients of a tertiary skull base referral center at a university hospital were included in this retrospective chart and database analysis. All patients had undergone primary microsurgery at the Otorhinolaryngology department via MFA between December 2005 and October 2014. Postoperative complications were documented during the inpatient stay and outpatient follow-up...
August 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808799/transorbital-endoscopic-approach-for-exposure-of-the-sylvian-fissure-middle-cerebral-artery-and-crural-cistern-an-anatomical-study
#13
João Paulo Almeida, Armando S Ruiz-Treviño, Sathwik R Shetty, Sacit B Omay, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The availability of minimal access instrumentation and endoscopic visualization has revolutionized the field of minimally invasive skull base surgery. The transorbital endoscopic approach using an eyelid incision has been proposed as a new minimally invasive technique for the treatment of skull base pathology, mostly extradural tumors. Our study aims to evaluate the anatomical aspects and potential role of the transorbital endoscopic approach for exposure of the sylvian fissure, middle cerebral artery and crural cistern...
August 14, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801711/safety-of-onyx-transarterial-embolization-of-skull-base-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-from-meningeal-branches-of-the-external-carotids-also-fed-by-meningeal-branches-of-internal-carotid-or-vertebral-arteries
#14
Thiago G Abud, Emmanuel Houdart, Jean-Pierre Saint-Maurice, Daniel G Abud, Carlos E Baccin, Andrew D Nguyen, Nitamar Abdala
PURPOSE: To analyze the angiographic and clinical results of transarterial embolization with Onyx (Medtronic-Covidien, Irvine, CA) in dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) partially fed by arteries arising from the carotid siphon or the vertebral arteries. METHODS: We isolated 40 DAVFs supplied by either the tentorial artery of the internal carotid artery (ICA) or the posterior meningeal artery of the vertebral artery. These DAVFs were embolized with Onyx through the middle meningeal artery or the occipital artery...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799880/a-morphometric-survey-of-the-parasellar-region-in-more-than-2700-skulls-emphasis-on-the-middle-clinoid-process-variants-and-implications-in-endoscopic-and-microsurgical-approaches
#15
Akshay Sharma, Gabrielle E Rieth, Joseph E Tanenbaum, James S Williams, Nakao Ota, Srikant Chakravarthi, Sunil Manjila, Amin Kassam, Bulent Yapicilar
OBJECTIVE The middle clinoid process (MCP) is a bony projection that extends from the sphenoid bone near the lateral margin of the sella turcica. The varied prevalence and morphological features of the MCP in populations stratified by age, race, and sex are unknown; however, the knowledge of its anatomy and preoperative recognition on CT scans can aid greatly in complication avoidance and management. The aim of this study was to further illustrate the surgical anatomy of the parasellar region and to quantify the incidence of MCP and caroticoclinoid rings (CCRs) in dried preserved human anatomical specimens...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799867/endoscope-assisted-repair-of-csf-otorrhea-and-temporal-lobe-encephaloceles-via-keyhole-craniotomy
#16
Pamela C Roehm, Derrick Tint, Norman Chan, Ryan Brewster, Vishad Sukul, Kadir Erkmen
OBJECTIVE Temporal lobe encephaloceles and cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea from temporal bone defects that involve the tegmen tympani and mastoideum are generally repaired using middle fossa craniotomy, mastoidectomy, or combined approaches. Standard middle fossa craniotomy exposes patients to dural retraction, which can lead to postoperative neurological complications. Endoscopic and minimally invasive techniques have been used in other surgeries to minimize brain retraction, and so these methods were applied to repair the lateral skull base...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761532/skull-base-bony-lesions-management-nuances-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-tertiary-care-centre
#17
Amit Kumar Singh, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Jayesh Sardhara, Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora, Kuntal Kanti Das, Anant Mehrotra, Rabi Narayan Sahu, Awadhesh Kumar Jaiswal, Sanjay Behari
BACKGROUND: Skull base lesions are not uncommon, but their management has been challenging for surgeons. There is large no of bony tumors at the skull base which has not been studied in detail as a group. These tumors are difficult not only because of their location but also due to their variability in the involvement of important local structure. Through this retrospective analysis from a Tertiary Care Centre, we are summarizing the details of skull base bony lesions and its management nuances...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761512/surgical-treatment-of-large-and-giant-cavernous-carotid-aneurysms
#18
REVIEW
Kitiporn Sriamornrattanakul, Ittichai Sakarunchai, Kei Yamashiro, Yasuhiro Yamada, Daisuke Suyama, Tsukasa Kawase, Yoko Kato
Cavernous carotid aneurysms (CCAs) are uncommon pathologic entities. Extradural place and the skull base location make this type of an aneurysm different in clinical features and treatment techniques. Direct aneurysm clipping is technically difficult and results in a significant postoperative neurological deficit. Therefore, several techniques of indirect surgical treatment were developed with different surgical outcomes, such as proximal occlusion of internal carotid artery (ICA) or trapping with or without bypass (superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass or high-flow bypass)...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707807/accuracy-of-computer-assisted-navigation-significant-augmentation-by-facial-recognition-software
#19
Jordan T Glicksman, Christine Reger, Arjun K Parasher, David W Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Over the past 20 years, image guidance navigation has been used with increasing frequency as an adjunct during sinus and skull base surgery. These devices commonly utilize surface registration, where varying pressure of the registration probe and loss of contact with the face during the skin tracing process can lead to registration inaccuracies, and the number of registration points incorporated is necessarily limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of novel facial recognition software for image guidance registration...
September 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688556/pediatric-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-of-the-lateral-skull-base
#20
Ananya Majumder, Cameron C Wick, Rebecca Collins, Timothy N Booth, Brandon Isaacson, J Walter Kutz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the presentation, imaging characteristics, management, and outcomes of pediatric patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) of the temporal bone. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed between 2000 and 2014 at a single tertiary care children's hospital. Fourteen patients were identified with a diagnosis of LCH and involvement of the temporal bone. RESULTS: Ten patients were female and ten were Caucasian...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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