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Diabetes self management education

C Teljeur, P S Moran, S Walshe, S M Smith, F Cianci, L Murphy, P Harrington, M Ryan
AIMS: To systematically review the evidence on the costs and cost-effectiveness of self-management support interventions for people with diabetes. BACKGROUND: Self-management support is the provision of education and supportive interventions to increase patients' skills and confidence in managing their health problems, potentially leading to improvements in HbA1c levels in people with diabetes. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials, observational studies or economic modelling studies were eligible for inclusion in the review...
October 22, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Jung Min Kim, Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: A recent study revealed that the participation rate in diabetes education among diabetic patients was only about 50% in Korea. We investigated the factors associated with participation in diabetes education. METHODS: The study included 1,255 patients (≥19 years old) diagnosed with diabetes drawn from the total Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007 to 2009 population comprising 30,705 individuals. We compared age, sex, and age- and sex-adjusted clinical characteristics in patients who had received diabetes education versus those who had not...
September 20, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
Cynthia Formosa, Ryan Muscat
BACKGROUND: This study sought to identify the nature and extent of diabetes-related knowledge and self-care practices in people living with type 2 diabetes who attend primary-care clinics and to determine whether a correlation between the two exists. METHODS: In a nonexperimental prospective study, the Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire and the Summary of Diabetes Self-care Activities were used to assess knowledge and self-management in 50 patients. RESULTS: The mean diabetes knowledge score was 14...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Ejiofor T Ugwu, Casmir Jg Orjioke, Ekenechukwu E Young
BACKGROUND: Self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is a useful adjunct to lifestyle modification and medications for optimal management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). This study was aimed at evaluating the practice, cost and associations of SMBG in subjects with type 2 DM in Enugu, Nigeria. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey conducted at the diabetes clinic in three hospitals, 366 type 2 diabetic subjects aged 18-65 years were consecutively interviewed. Socio-demographic and clinical information were documented and glycated hemoglobin was performed for all the participants...
October 14, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
Michael Laxy, Gabriella Knoll, Michaela Schunk, Christa Meisinger, Cornelia Huth, Rolf Holle
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the development of the quality of diabetes care in Germany. The aim of this study is to analyze time trends in patient self-management, physician-delivered care, medication, risk factor control, complications and quality of life from 2000 to 2014. METHODS: Analyses are based on data from individuals with type 2 diabetes of the population-based KORA S4 (1999-2001, n = 150), F4 (2006-2008, n = 203), FF4 (2013/14, n = 212) cohort study...
2016: PloS One
Kendra Thomsen, Kim Zuber, Jane Davis, Greg Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Kidneys in a Box (KIB) was developed to identify the effect of a performance improvement CME (PI-CME) project on the management of patients with diabetes who are at risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). The program provided nonnephrology practitioners with research-based interventions known to slow CKD progression. METHODS: PAs were given the KIB tool kit, which described the scope of CKD identified high-risk diagnoses such as diabetes, and listed six modifiable risk factors that have been shown to slow progression of diabetic kidney disease when implemented...
October 5, 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Sansnee Jirojwong, Suzanne Brownhill, Hannah G Dahlen, Maree Johnson, Virginia Schmied
Issue addressed: In many developed countries the rate of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) for Asian-born women is higher than other groups. Studies suggest that some women have limited knowledge of the disease and poor self-management leading to health problems for themselves and their baby. Few studies report the experience of GDM among Southeast Asian migrant women living in Australia and factors that influence their management of the disease. Methods: A qualitative interpretive design was used to explore Southeast Asian migrant women's experience and management of GDM...
October 13, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Kyoungsan Seo, Misoon Song, Suyoung Choi, Se-An Kim, Sun Ju Chang
AIM: The purpose of this study was to develop the Diabetes Self-Management Behavior for Older Koreans (DSMB-O). This scale is based on the seven relevant domains that have been identified by the American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) and is adjusted for sociocultural and age-related characteristics. METHODS: Four phases were used to develop of the DSMB-O as a criterion-referenced measure. In phases 1 and 2, the DSMB-O adopted the AADE's seven domains and established a self-report questionnaire using a small number of items that are applicable to older Koreans...
October 13, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Arivudainambi Kayal, Viswanathan Mohan, Belma Malanda, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Balaji Bhavadharini, Manni Mohanraj Mahalakshmi, Kumar Maheswari, Ram Uma, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Gunasekaran Kalaiyarasi, Lyudmil Ninov, Anne Belton
AIM: The Women In India with GDM Strategy (WINGS) project was conducted with the aim of developing a model of care (MOC) suitable for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in low- and middle-income countries. METHODOLOGY: The WINGS project was carried out in Chennai, Southern India, in two phases. In Phase I, a situational analysis was conducted to understand the practice patterns of health-care professionals and to determine the best screening criteria through a pilot screening study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Kamlesh Khunti, David Millar-Jones
Achieving tight glycaemic control early following the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is key to optimising clinical outcomes, yet many patients and clinicians are reluctant to initiate and intensify insulin therapy. Reasons for this arise primarily from a lack of time, clinical expertise and patient understanding. However, meaningful progress can be achieved with self-management educational programmes soon after diagnosis. Clinician education and training, along with easy-to-use and well-tolerated therapies (for example, those carrying a low risk of hypoglycaemia and/or avoiding weight gain), may also increase the likelihood of patient adherence...
October 7, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
Jared R Anderson, Joshua R Novak, Matthew D Johnson, Sharon L Deitz, Ann Walker, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L Lewis, David C Robbins
Using dyadic data from 117 married couples in which one partner was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, the purpose of this study was to determine whether a number of specific patient and spouse stressors (chronic life stress, diabetes-specific stress, and physical health stress in the form of the number of comorbidities) were associated with Type 2 diabetes patients' dietary and exercise adherence through two potentially modifiable patient and spouse factors-depression symptoms and diabetes self-efficacy. We found that patient and spouse stressors, particularly patient and spouse diabetes stress and the number of patient comorbidities, were related to patient dietary and exercise adherence through patient depression symptoms and both patient and spouse diabetes self-efficacy...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jun Yang Lee, Carina Ka Yee Chan, Siew Siang Chua, Chirk Jenn Ng, Thomas Paraidathathu, Kenneth Kwing-Chin Lee, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
BACKGROUND: The high market penetration of mobile phones has triggered an opportunity to combine mobile technology with health care to overcome challenges in today's health care setting. Although Malaysia has a high Internet and mobile penetration rate, evaluations of the efficacy of incorporating this technology in diabetes care is not common. We report the development of a telemonitoring coaching system, using the United Kingdom (UK) Medical Research Council (MRC) framework, for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
September 29, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
FangFang Zhao, Riitta Suhonen, Sanna Koskinen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
AIM: To synthesize the effects of theory-based self-management educational interventions on patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in randomized controlled trials. BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a common chronic disease causing complications that put a heavy burden on society and reduce the quality of life of patients. Good self-management of diabetes can prevent complications and improve the quality of life of T2DM patients. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials following Cochrane methods...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Chloé Blum, Solange Ehrler, Marie-Eve Isner
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic patient education (TPE) is a continuous process for chronic disease. TPE enables patients to improve and acquire the skills that are necessary for self-care and self-management. We wanted to determine the place of self-care in patients following lower limb amputation by evaluating prosthetic and limb management and prosthesis use. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: To this aim, we involved 135 trans-tibial amputees between May 2011 and December 2013 who were fitted with contact silicone socket prosthesis with distal lock...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
David J T Campbell, Marcello Tonelli, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Chad Mitchell, Ross Tsuyuki, Noah Ivers, Tavis Campbell, Raj Pannu, Eric Verkerke, Scott Klarenbach, Kathryn King-Shier, Peter Faris, Derek Exner, Vikas Chaubey, Braden Manns
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases result in significant morbidity and costs. Although medications and lifestyle changes are effective for improving outcomes in chronic diseases, many patients do not receive these treatments, in part because of financial barriers, patient and provider-level knowledge gaps, and low patient motivation. The Assessing outcomes of enhanced chronic disease care through patient education and a value-based formulary study (ACCESS) will determine the impact of two interventions: (1) a value-based formulary which eliminates copayment for high-value preventive medications; and (2) a comprehensive self-management support program aimed at promoting health behavior change and medication adherence, combined with relay of information on medication use to healthcare providers, on cardiovascular events and/or mortality in low-income seniors with elevated cardiovascular risk...
September 26, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Dianne Goeman, Sue Conway, Ralph Norman, Jo Morley, Rona Weerasuriya, Richard H Osborne, Alison Beauchamp
Background. Health literacy is the ability to access, understand, and use information and services for good health. Among people with chronic conditions, health literacy requirements for effective self-management are high. The Optimising Health Literacy and Access (Ophelia) study engaged diverse organisations in the codesign of interventions involving the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) needs assessment, followed by development and evaluation of interventions addressing identified needs. This study reports the process and outcomes of one of the nine organisations, the Royal District Nursing Service (RDNS)...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Helena B Nielsen, Louise L Ovesen, Laust H Mortensen, Cathrine J Lau, Lene E Joensen
AIM: Type 1 diabetes requires extensive self-management to avoid complications and may have negative effects on the everyday life of people with the disease. The aim of this study was to compare adults with type 1 diabetes to the general population in terms of health-related quality of life, occupational status (level of employment, working hours and sick leave) and education level. METHODS: 2415 adults (aged 18-98years) with type 1 diabetes were compared to 48,511 adults (aged 18-103years) from the general population...
September 8, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Cornelis A J van Beers, J Hans DeVries, Susanne J Kleijer, Mark M Smits, Petronella H Geelhoed-Duijvestijn, Mark H H Kramer, Michaela Diamant, Frank J Snoek, Erik H Serné
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 1 diabetes who have impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia have a three to six times increased risk of severe hypoglycaemia. We aimed to assess whether continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) improves glycaemia and prevents severe hypoglycaemia compared with self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in this high-risk population. METHODS: We did a randomised, open-label, crossover trial (IN CONTROL) at two medical centres in the Netherlands...
September 14, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Elizabeth Paz-Pacheco, Mark Anthony Sandoval, Gregory J R Ardena, Elizabeth Paterno, Noel Juban, Frances L Lantion-Ang, Cecilia Jimeno, Perpetua Patal, Joseph Bongon
: Introduction The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of diabetes self-management education (DSME) in a rural agricultural town. METHODS: In this prospective, education-intervention trial, 85 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus from villages randomly assigned to DSME and 70 from villages assigned to standard care participated. The DSME group underwent a curriculum delivered by peer educators; those in the standard group received usual advice. Outcome measures were anthropometric, biochemical, health behaviors, and medication use data taken at baseline then after three and six months...
September 19, 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Brigid A Knight, H David McIntyre, Ingrid J Hickman, Marina Noud
BACKGROUND: Modern flexible multiple daily injection (MDI) therapy requires people with diabetes to manage complex mathematical calculations to determine insulin doses on a day to day basis. Automated bolus calculators assist with these calculations, add additional functionality to protect against hypoglycaemia and enhance the record keeping process, however uptake and use depends on the devices meeting the needs of the user. We aimed to obtain user feedback on the usability of a mobile phone bolus calculator application in adults with T1DM to inform future development of mobile phone diabetes support applications...
September 15, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
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